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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875507

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The efficacies of lopinavir-ritonavir or hydroxychloroquine remain to be determined in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To compare the virological and clinical responses to lopinavir-ritonavir and hydroxychloroquine treatment in COVID-19 patients. @*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included patients with COVID-19 treated with lopinavir-ritonavir or hydroxychloroquine at a single center in Korea from February 17 to March 31, 2020. Patients treated with lopinavir-ritonavir and hydroxychloroquine concurrently and those treated with lopinavir-ritonavir or hydroxychloroquine for less than 7 days were excluded. Time to negative conversion of viral RNA, time to clinical improvement, and safety outcomes were assessed after 6 weeks of follow-up. @*Results@#Of 65 patients (mean age, 64.3 years; 25 men [38.5%]), 31 were treated with lopinavir-ritonavir and 34 were treated with hydroxychloroquine. The median duration of symptoms before treatment was 7 days and 26 patients (40%) required oxygen support at baseline. Patients treated with lopinavir-ritonavir had a significantly shorter time to negative conversion of viral RNA than those treated with hydroxychloroquine (median, 21 days vs. 28 days). Treatment with lopinavir-ritonavir (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 4.21) and younger age (aHR, 2.64; 95% CI 1.43 to 4.87) was associated with negative conversion of viral RNA. There was no significant difference in time to clinical improvement between lopinavir-ritonavir- and hydroxychloroquine-treated patients (median, 18 days vs. 21 days). Lymphopenia and hyperbilirubinemia were more frequent in lopinavir-ritonavir-treated patients compared with hydroxychloroquine-treated patients. @*Conclusions@#Lopinavir-ritonavir was associated with more rapid viral clearance than hydroxychloroquine in mild to moderate COVID-19, despite comparable clinical responses. These findings should be confirmed in randomized, controlled trials.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832330

ABSTRACT

Background@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that had affected more than eight million people worldwide by June 2020. Given the importance of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) for host immunity, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of moderate-to-severe COVID-19 in patients with diabetes. @*Methods@#We conducted a multi-center observational study of 1,082 adult inpatients (aged ≥18 years) who were admitted to one of five university hospitals in Daegu because of the severity of their COVID-19-related disease. The demographic, laboratory, and radiologic findings, and the mortality, prevalence of severe disease, and duration of quarantine were compared between patients with and without DM. In addition, 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matching was conducted with the DM group. @*Results@#Compared with the non-DM group (n=847), patients with DM (n=235) were older, exhibited higher mortality, and required more intensive care. Even after PS-matching, patients with DM exhibited more severe disease, and DM remained a prognostic factor for higher mortality (hazard ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 4.15). Subgroup analysis revealed that the presence of DM was associated with higher mortality, especially in older people (≥70 years old). Prior use of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor or a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor did not affect mortality or the clinical severity of the disease. @*Conclusion@#DM is a significant risk factor for COVID-19 severity and mortality. Our findings imply that COVID-19 patients with DM, especially if elderly, require special attention and prompt intensive care.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence continues to rise. Although many prognostic factors have been identified, the clinical characteristics and outcomes in Korean lung cancer patients are not well defined. METHODS: Of the 23,254 new lung cancer cases registered at the Korea Central Cancer Registry in 2013, total 489 patients from 19 hospitals were abstracted by the Korean Central Cancer Registry. The clinical data retrospectively analyzed, patients were followed up until December 2015. RESULTS: The median age was 69 years (interquartile range, 60–74 years); 65.4% were male and 62.1% were ever-smokers. Cough was the most common initial symptom (33.5%); 13.1% of patients were asymptomatic. While squamous cell carcinoma was the most common subtype in male patients (37.2%), adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type in all patients (48.7%) and females (76.3%). The majority of patients received treatment (76.5%), which included surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.037), lower body mass index (HR, 0.904), ever-smoker (HR, 2.003), small cell lung cancer (HR, 1.627), and distant metastasis (HR, 3.990) were independent predictors of mortality. Patients without symptoms (HR, 0.387) and without treatment (HR, 0.364) were associated with a favorable outcome in multivariate Cox analysis. CONCLUSION: Lung cancer in Korea occurs predominantly in elderly patients, with adenocarcinoma being the most frequent subtype. The prognosis was poorer in ever-smokers and older, malnourished, and untreated patients with advanced lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Aged , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cough , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Male , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pilot Projects , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1400-1410, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763220

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiology, clinical characteristics and sex differences of patients with lung cancer using nationwide registry in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean Association for Lung Cancer developed a registry in cooperation with the Korean Central Cancer Registry, and surveyed about 10% of lung cancer cases. For this first survey of cases diagnosed in 2014, cases were selected through a systematic sampling method. RESULTS: Total 2,621 lung cancer patients were surveyed, and the median patient age was 70 years. During the study period, adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histologic type, the proportion of female patients was 28.4%, and women had a better prognosis (median survival, not reached vs. 13 months; p<0.001) than did men for non-small cell lung cancer. The proportion of never-smokers was 36.4%, and never-smoking was more prevalent in women than in men (87.5 vs. 16.0%, p<0.001). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations were found in 36.8% of stage IV adenocarcinoma patients, and higher in female compared to male patients (51.2 vs. 26.6%, p<0.001). In addition, patients with EGFR mutation showed better survival (median survival, 18 vs. 8 months; p<0.001) than patients without EGFR mutation in these patients. CONCLUSION: This is the first survey to gather unbiased nationwide lung cancer statistics in Korea. More than one-third of lung cancer patients had no smoking history. Female had a high proportion of non-smoker, more adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation and generally better prognosis than male.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Male , Methods , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Sex Characteristics , Smoke , Smoking
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919434

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence continues to rise. Although many prognostic factors have been identified, the clinical characteristics and outcomes in Korean lung cancer patients are not well defined.@*METHODS@#Of the 23,254 new lung cancer cases registered at the Korea Central Cancer Registry in 2013, total 489 patients from 19 hospitals were abstracted by the Korean Central Cancer Registry. The clinical data retrospectively analyzed, patients were followed up until December 2015.@*RESULTS@#The median age was 69 years (interquartile range, 60–74 years); 65.4% were male and 62.1% were ever-smokers. Cough was the most common initial symptom (33.5%); 13.1% of patients were asymptomatic. While squamous cell carcinoma was the most common subtype in male patients (37.2%), adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type in all patients (48.7%) and females (76.3%). The majority of patients received treatment (76.5%), which included surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.037), lower body mass index (HR, 0.904), ever-smoker (HR, 2.003), small cell lung cancer (HR, 1.627), and distant metastasis (HR, 3.990) were independent predictors of mortality. Patients without symptoms (HR, 0.387) and without treatment (HR, 0.364) were associated with a favorable outcome in multivariate Cox analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#Lung cancer in Korea occurs predominantly in elderly patients, with adenocarcinoma being the most frequent subtype. The prognosis was poorer in ever-smokers and older, malnourished, and untreated patients with advanced lung cancer.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742437

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although progress in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been made over the past decade, the 5-year survival rate in patients with lung cancer remains only 10%–20%. Obviously, new therapeutic options are required for patients with advanced NSCLC and unmet medical needs. Cancer immunotherapy is an evolving treatment modality that uses a patient's own immune systems to fight cancer. Theoretically, cancer immunotherapy can result in long-term cancer remission and may not cause the same side effects as chemotherapy and radiation. Immuno-oncology has become an important focus of basic research as well as clinical trials for the treatment of NSCLC. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the most promising approach for cancer immunotherapy and they have become the standard of care for patients with advanced NSCLC. This review summarizes basic tumor immunology and the relevant clinical data on immunotherapeutic approaches, especially immune checkpoint inhibitors in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Allergy and Immunology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Drug Therapy , Humans , Immune System , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Standard of Care , Survival Rate
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717908

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a necessary procedure for diagnosis of various lung diseases. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen delivery was recently introduced. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of HFNC oxygen supply during BAL procedure in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: Patients who underwent BAL while using HFNC at a partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2; PF) ratio of 300 or below among patients who had been admitted from March 2013 to May 2017 were retrospectively investigated. RESULTS: Thirty-three BAL procedures were confirmed. Their baseline PF ratio was 166.1±46.7. FiO2 values before, during, and after BAL were 0.45±0.12, 0.74±0.19, and 0.57±0.14, respectively. Flow (L/min) values before, during, and after BAL were 26.5±20.3, 49.0±7.2, and 40.8±14.2, respectively. Both FiO2 and flow during and after the procedure were significantly different from those before the procedure (both p < 0.001). Oxygen saturation levels before, during, and after BAL measured by pulse oximeter were 94.8±2.9, 94.6±3.5, and 95.2±2.8%, respectively. There were no significant differences in oxygen saturation among the three groups. Complications of BAL procedure included transient hypoxemia, hypotension, and fever. However, there was no endotracheal intubation within 24 hours. Baseline PF ratio in “without HFNC” group was significantly higher than that in “with HFNC” group. There were no differences in complications between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The use of HFNC during BAL procedure in ARF patients was effective and safe. However, there were no significant differences in oxygen saturation level and complications comparing “without HFNC” group in mild ARF. More studies are needed for moderate to severe ARF patients.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Bronchoscopy , Catheters , Diagnosis , Fever , Humans , Hypotension , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lung Diseases , Oxygen , Partial Pressure , Respiratory Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To use serological and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to examine sputum samples from patients experiencing acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) for the presence of atypical pathogens, including Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila. METHODS: From September 2012 to February 2014, 341 patients with AECOPD attending outpatient clinics were enrolled as part of a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG antibody titers on the first day of the study and at 36 days post-enrollment. Multiplex PCR was used to test sputum samples for the presence of atypical pathogens. A urinary antigen test for L. pneumophila was performed on the first day. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (5.6%) showed serological evidence of acute infection with M. pneumoniae. Also, one and seven patients (2%) showed serological evidence of acute infection with C. pneumoniae and L. pneumophila, respectively. All DNA samples were negative for M. pneumoniae, C. pneumoniae, and L. pneumophila according to PCR. Only one urine sample was positive for L. pneumophila antigen, but serologic evidence was lacking. CONCLUSIONS: Serological testing suggested that infection by atypical pathogens during AECOPD was relatively uncommon. In addition, PCR provided no direct evidence of infection by atypical pathogens. Thus, atypical pathogens may not be a major cause of AECOPD in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , DNA , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Korea , Legionella pneumophila , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Serologic Tests , Sputum
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919420

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although progress in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been made over the past decade, the 5-year survival rate in patients with lung cancer remains only 10%–20%. Obviously, new therapeutic options are required for patients with advanced NSCLC and unmet medical needs. Cancer immunotherapy is an evolving treatment modality that uses a patient's own immune systems to fight cancer. Theoretically, cancer immunotherapy can result in long-term cancer remission and may not cause the same side effects as chemotherapy and radiation. Immuno-oncology has become an important focus of basic research as well as clinical trials for the treatment of NSCLC. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the most promising approach for cancer immunotherapy and they have become the standard of care for patients with advanced NSCLC. This review summarizes basic tumor immunology and the relevant clinical data on immunotherapeutic approaches, especially immune checkpoint inhibitors in NSCLC.

13.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 147-150, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12616

ABSTRACT

A colon lipoma is a remarkably rare tumor. In most cases, the tumors are asymptomatic and small in size, need to be differentiated from malignant tumors, and do not need any special treatment. Selection of the right surgical strategy depends on the status of bowel, as well as the size and the location of tumor. We encountered two patients with giant submucosal lipomas that had induced intussusceptions: one with a lipoma in the transverse colon and the other with a lipoma in the ascending colon. The diagnoses were made by using histological examinations. We report the clinical features, diagnoses, and treatments of, as well as our experience with, these two uncommon cases, and we present a review of the literature on this subject.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Transverse , Diagnosis , Humans , Intussusception , Laparoscopy , Lipoma
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157869

ABSTRACT

The emergence of new therapeutic agents for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) implies that histologic subtyping and molecular predictive testing are now essential for therapeutic decisions. Histologic subtype predicts the efficacy and toxicity of some treatment agents, as do genetic alterations, which can be important predictive factors in treatment selection. Molecular markers, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement, are the best predictors of response to specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment agents. As the majority of patients with NSCLC present with unresectable disease, it is therefore crucial to optimize the use of tissue samples for diagnostic and predictive examinations, particularly for small biopsy and cytology specimens. Therefore, each institution needs to develop a diagnostic approach requiring close communication between the pulmonologist, radiologist, pathologist, and oncologist in order to preserve sufficient biopsy materials for molecular analysis as well as to ensure rapid diagnosis. Currently, personalized medicine in NSCLC is based on the histologic subtype and molecular status. This review summarizes strategies for tissue acquisition, histologic subtyping and molecular analysis for predictive testing in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnosis , Humans , Precision Medicine , Lymphoma , Phosphotransferases , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , ErbB Receptors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56847

ABSTRACT

A stercoral perforation of the rectum due to a fecaloma is a rare disease with a high mortality rate. Although multiple case reports of colonic perforations have been published, the data regarding rectal perforations are limited. This case report will highlight one such case of a stercoral rectal perforation that was successfully treated with a laparoscopic operation.


Subject(s)
Colon , Constipation , Fecal Impaction , Rare Diseases , Rectum
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience more problematic respiratory symptoms and have more trouble performing daily activities in the morning. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of COPD symptoms related to morning activities in patients with severe airflow limitation. METHODS: Data of 133 patients with severe airflow limitation were analyzed in a prospective, non-interventional study. A clinical symptom questionnaire was completed by patients at baseline. In patients having morning symptoms, defined by at least one or more prominent or aggravating symptom during morning activities, a morning activity questionnaire was also completed at baseline and following 2 months of COPD treatment. RESULTS: The most frequently reported COPD symptom was breathlessness (90.8%). Morning symptoms were reported in 76 (57%) patients; these had more frequent and severe clinical COPD symptoms. The most frequently reported morning activity was getting out of bed (82.9%). The long acting muscarinic antagonist (odds ratio [OR], 6.971; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.317 to 11.905) and chest tightness (OR, 0.075; 95% CI, 0.011 to 0.518) were identified as significantly related to absence of morning symptoms. There was no significant correlation between the degree of forced expiratory volume in 1 second improvement and severity score differences of all items of morning activity after 2-month treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Fifty-seven percent of COPD patients with severe airflow limitation have morning symptoms that limit their morning activities. These patients also have more prevalent and severe COPD symptoms. The results of this study therefore provide valuable information for the development of patient-reported outcomes in COPD.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Circadian Rhythm , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perception , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145059

ABSTRACT

Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (extranodal MZL) is a distinct subgroup of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Pulmonary extranodal MZL is a rare entity and accounts for less than 0.5% of primary pulmonary malignancies. Only a few cases of simultaneous occurrence of lung cancer and pulmonary extranodal MZL have been reported. A 60-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a pulmonary nodule. She was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma by percutaneous needle biopsy. The protrusions into the left main bronchus were found by accident while performing bronchoscopy during lung cancer evaluation. The bronchial lesions were diagnosed as extranodal MZL. Although the patient underwent surgical resection for the lung adenocarcinoma, the pulmonary extranodal MZL was left untreated; it was monitored during follow-up visits. To our knowledge, this is the first report of synchronous lung adenocarcinoma and primary extranodal MZL of the main bronchus.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy, Needle , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Middle Aged
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145046

ABSTRACT

Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (extranodal MZL) is a distinct subgroup of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Pulmonary extranodal MZL is a rare entity and accounts for less than 0.5% of primary pulmonary malignancies. Only a few cases of simultaneous occurrence of lung cancer and pulmonary extranodal MZL have been reported. A 60-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a pulmonary nodule. She was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma by percutaneous needle biopsy. The protrusions into the left main bronchus were found by accident while performing bronchoscopy during lung cancer evaluation. The bronchial lesions were diagnosed as extranodal MZL. Although the patient underwent surgical resection for the lung adenocarcinoma, the pulmonary extranodal MZL was left untreated; it was monitored during follow-up visits. To our knowledge, this is the first report of synchronous lung adenocarcinoma and primary extranodal MZL of the main bronchus.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy, Needle , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Middle Aged
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54799

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and radiologic patterns of adolescents with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), and to assess whether they are related with primary TB or reactive TB. METHODS: Among the enrolled patients who were diagnosed with pulmonary TB from March 2000 to May 2011, 36 with plain radiography and/or chest computed tomography (CT) were reviewed. We reviewed retrospectively their medical charts to collect clinical data and past history. Among these 36 patients, plain radiography of the 36 patients and chest CT of the 34 patients were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: The patients consisted of 18 males and 18 females, and their median age was 14 years old. The most common clinical presentation was cough and fever. Half of them had chronic cough for more than two weeks. Ten patients had history of close contact with adult patients with active pulmonary TB: 7 patients with their parents, 2 patients with friends, 1 patient with their grandmother. The most frequent pattern of plain radiography was pleural effusion (16/36). In the chest CT findings, all cases showed parenchymal lesions and lymphadenopathy. In addition, 91% of the cases showed acinar nodules. The pattern of pleural effusion revealed associated ipsilateral pleural lymph node and subpleural nodule. Rim enhancement and calcification of the lymph node demonstrated 9% (3/34) and 12% (4/34), respectively. Only two of them showed typical hilar lymphadenopathy in chest X ray and CT. CONCLUSION: The radiologic findings of adolescents with pulmonary TB show patterns for rather reactive than primary TB. For diagnosis of adolescent pulmonary TB, chest CT is more helpful than that of plain radiography.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cough , Female , Fever , Friends , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Male , Parents , Pleural Effusion , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116307

ABSTRACT

Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the lung is a very rare tumor. Originally described in the nasopharynx as lymphoepithelioma, this carcinoma has also been found in the stomach, esophagus, thymus, cervix, urinary bladder, skin, and salivary glands. Histologically, it is an undifferentiated carcinoma that has a syncytial appearance with tumor cells and is infiltrated by numerous lymphocytes, macrophages, and plasma cells. LELC of the lung occurs more commonly in Asians, particularly Chinese. Many studies have reported the association between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and LELC of the lung in Asian patients. A 45-year-old man had a solitary pulmonary nodule on a routine chest X-ray examination. As a malignant tumor was suspected, surgical resection was performed to establish the correct diagnosis. The pathology of the excised tumor demonstrated LELC of the lung. This is the first report of LELC of the lung in Korea.


Subject(s)
Asians , Carcinoma , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cervix Uteri , Esophagus , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Korea , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Middle Aged , Nasopharynx , Plasma Cells , Salivary Glands , Skin , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Stomach , Thorax , Thymus Gland , Urinary Bladder
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