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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981466

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Schisandra sphenanthera. Silica, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC were used to separate and purify the 80% ethanol extract of S. sphenanthera. Eleven compounds were identified by ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, ESI-MS, etc., which were 2-[2-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methoxyphenyl]-propane-1,3-diol(1), threo-7-methoxyguaiacylglycerol(2),4-O-(2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethylethyl)-dihydroconiferylalcohol(3), morusin(4), sanggenol A(5), sanggenon I(6), sanggenon N(7), leachianone G(8),(+)-catechin(9), epicatechin(10), and 7,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-9 were isolated from S. sphenanthera for the first time. Compounds 2-11 were subjected to cell viability assay, and the results revealed that compounds 4 and 5 had potential cytotoxicity, and compound 4 also had potential antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Schisandra , Plant Bark , Antiviral Agents , Biological Assay , Catechin , Phenols
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1908-1917, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780073

ABSTRACT

Anthraquinones are not only the main active constituents but also the index components for the quality control of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. To study the anthraquinone biosynthesis, Rheum palmatum L. seedlings were subjected to a high-throughput transcriptomic sequencing analysis by Illumina HiSeqTM 2000 150PE. The Illumina sequencing generated a total of 11.04 G clean data resulting in 736 309 74 clean reads, deposited in the sequence read archive (SRA accession SRP160030). Trinity do novo assembly yielded 93 646 unigenes, with an average of 1 108 nt. Functional annotation revealed that all unigenes were successfully annotated in the NR, NT, Swiss-port, PFAM, and KOG databases. GO enrichments showed that 57 subgroups were involved in biological process, cellular component, and molecular function. KEGG analysis indicated that 1 107 unigenes were implicated in 19 standard secondary metabolic pathways. 172 unigenes were analyzed to encode 28 key enzymes during the MVA, MEP, shikimic acid, and polyketide pathways related to anthraquinone biosynthesis. 125 CYP450 and 73 UGTs unigenes were related the modification of secondary metabolites in R. palmatum L. Furthermore, seven unigenes with full length cDNAs were successfully verified by RT-PCR and sequencing analyses. Then, MISA prediction produced a number of 18 885 simple sequence repeats (SSRs). Herein, the transcriptomic gene expression profiles of R. palmatum L. and candidate genes during the anthraquinone biosynthesis pathway were obtained for the first time. The results provided basic information for subsequent gene function characterization, secondary metabolic pathway analysis, and anthraquinone biosynthesis and regulation elucidation in R. palmatum L.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4401-4404, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the antioxidant activity of the different polar parts from Dictamnus dasycarpus and its ef-fects on tyrosinase activity. METHODS:Extract was extracted by 95% ethanol from D. dasycarpus,using petroleum ether,chloro-form,ethyl acetate to obtain different polar parts after dissolved in water. 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine (DPPH) method was used to investigate its antioxidant activity [expressed as half inhibitory concentration (IC50)],and tyrosinase method was used to investigate the related activity in different polar parts. RESULTS:The IC50 of petroleum ether,chloroform,ethyl acetate parts for scavenging DPPH free radicals were 0.875,0.824,0.407 mg/mL,respectively. When the mass concentration of each polar part were 25.0,50.0,100,200,300,400,500 μg/mL,the inhibition rate of petroleum ether part to tyrosinase were -3.18%,-4.98%,0.160%,0.044%,2.31%,3.89%,4.29%;that of trichloromethane part were -33.39%,-31.48%,-10.14%,-5.42%,-9.70%,-4.06%,-0.42%;and that of ethyl acetate part were -17.63%,-17.89%,-18.42%,-21.84%,-20.26%,-22.13%,-32.36%. CONCLUSIONS:The capacity in scavenging DPPH free radicals in ethyl acetate part is obvi-ously stronger than the other 2 parts,showing positive correlation with the concentration. Ethyl acetate and chloroform chave an ac-tivation effect on tyrosinase,the activation effect of chloroform part on tyrosinase was negatively correlated with the concentration and petroleum ether part has a two-way regulatory effect on the activity of tyrosinase.

4.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 67-70, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514212

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus and processed with vinegar on lipid metabolism of rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The rat model of T2DM was induced by high fat diet plus STZ. The rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus high-dose group and low-dose group, and vinegar Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus high-dose group and low- dose group. The rats in each group were fed with the corresponding medicine for gavage for 30 d. FINS, FFA, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, and MDH, total protein content of liver tissue were detected. HE staining was used to observe the histomorphological changes of liver and pancreas in rats. Results Compared with the model group, Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus groups and vinegar Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus groups did not show obvious effects on improving FBG and FINS, but it could raise varying degrees of HDL-C and MDH, and reduce FFA, LDL-C, TC, and TG, among which vinegar Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus could significantly regulate metabolism in T2DM rats. Conclusion Vinegar Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus can enhance the lipid metabolism regulatory function of T2DM rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 71-74, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the honey and bran of processing for chemical compositions of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus.Methods With total polyphenols, total saponins, total polysaccharides and amino acids as the evaluation indexes, changes of the chemical compositions of these four chemical components in Raw product, honey products, bran products of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus were studied; in vitro activity of DPPH radical clearance for evaluation index, antioxidant activity of raw products, honey products, bran products of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus were compared.Results Raw products, honey products, and bran products of total saponin content were 3.332%, 4.880%, and 4.572%; total phenolic contents were 1.92%, 6.38%, and 7.30%; total polysaccharide contents were 35.99%, 40.38%, and 36.86%; the total amino acid contents were 0.67%, 0.76%, and 0.96%. Total polyphenol, total saponins, total polysaccharides, and total amino acids of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus after processing increased, in which the total polyphenol was most obvious; DPPH radical scavenging IC50 of raw products, honey products, and bran products were 0.47, 0.51, and 0.22 mg, respectively.Conclusion Compared with raw product, the content of chemical fractions in honey products and bran products of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus increase, and oxidation resistance is enhanced.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3188-3191, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the influential factors related to efficacy of Peach kernel-Rheum palmatum couplet medi-cines in TCM formula,and to reveal the general regularity of compatibility environment,common ratio,processing variety and dosage forms of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines. METHODS:Using Chinese Medical Prescription Selected Dictionary ed-ited by Peng Huairen as data source,142 formulas of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines were collected. By establishing data-base,compatibility types of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines,as well as common ratio,processed prodact,dosage form were classified statistically. The influential factors related to efficacy of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines with different pro-portions were summarized. RESULTS:The efficacy of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines could be divided into 6 aspects and 11 roles,including activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis(activating blood to relieve pain,promoting blood circula-tion to eliminate disease,activating blood to promote menstruation,breaking stagnant and eliminating blood stasis),eliminating carbuncle and detoxicating(cleaning intestine and clearing away the pathogenic heat of lung,eliminating carbuncle and expelling pus,eliminating sore and detoxicating),expelling the pathogenic heat to loosen the bowels,warming yang for dispelling cold,forti-fying the spleen and nourishing the stomach,relaxing tendon and activating blood. The compatibility environment of P. kernel-R. pal-matum couplet medicines were mainly compatible with TCM for activating qi to eliminate stasis,activating blood to promote menstru-ation,breaking stagnant and eliminating blood stasis,expelling the pathogenic heat to expel stasis. The ratio of P. kernel to R. palma-tum ranged 1 : 8-4 : 1,and the ratio ranged 1 : 8-3 : 1 when performing the role of actirating blood circalation to dissipate blood stasis. Common processed products were crude P. kernel and prepared R. palmatum. Common dosage forms were mainly decoction,pill and powder. CONCLUSIONS:Compatibility environment,ratio,processing varieties,dosage forms influence the effects of P. kernel-R. palmatum couplet medicines,especially compatibility environment.

7.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 42-45, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484371

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of cutaneous scraping and cupping therapy for the treatment of hyperplasia of mammary glands. Methods Eighty patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands were randomized into test group(42 cases) and control group(38 cases). Both groups were given conventional basic treatment including psychological counseling and oral use of Chinese patent medicine, and the test group additionally received cutaneous scraping and cupping therapy on acupoints of Xuanji(CV21), Danzho ng (CV17), Jianjing(GB21), Kufang(ST14) , Tianzhong(SI11), Dazhui(GV14), and Ashi(focus of mammary mass and pain). The scores of pain visual analog scale(VAS) and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version(WHOQOL-BREF) were observed, and the clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated. Results (1) The total effective rate of the test group was 88.10%, and that of the control group was 65.79%, the inter-group difference being statistically significant (P0.05). Test group had better effect on improving VAS scores than the control group(P0.05). The control group showed no obvious changes in the scores of each dimension of WHOQOL-BREF before and after treatment(P>0.05). The inter-group comparison showed that the test group had better effect on improving the scores in physiological dimension of WHOQOL-BREF (P<0 . 05). Conclusion Cutaneous scraping and cupping therapy is effective on relieving pain and improving QOL of patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3839-3842, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the contents of gallic acid,catechin,sennosides B,aloe-emodin,rhein, emodin,chrysophanol,physcion,chrysophanol-1-O- glucoside and emodin-8-O- glucoside in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,Jiu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,Shu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,Rhei Radix et Rhizoma tan,Cu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,and analyze the differ-ences. METHODS:HPLC was performed on the column was Hypersil C18 with mobile phase of methanol- 0.2% acetic acid(gradi-ent elution)at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min,the detection wavelength was 260 nm,column temperature was 25 ℃,injection volume was 10 μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 0.252 5-4.040 0 μg for gallic acid(r=0.999 6),0.600 0-9.600 0 μg for catechin(r=0.999 6),0.297 4-4.758 4 μg for sennosides B(r=0.999 9),0.001 8-0.028 8 μg for aloe-emodin(r=0.999 9),0.005 0-0.080 0 μg for rhein(r=0.999 9),0.019 0-0.304 0μg for emodin(r=0.999 8),0.380 2-6.083 2μg for chrysophanol(r=0.999 7),0.008 2-0.131 2μg for physcion(r=0.999 8),0.126 0-2.016 0 μg for chrysophanol-1-O-glucoside(r=0.999 6)and 0.111 3-1.780 8 μg for emo-din-8-O-glucoside (r=0.999 8);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 3.0%;recoveries were 96.17%-97.21%(RSD=1.67%,n=6),97.60%-100.54%(RSD=2.55%,n=6),99.45%-101.32%(RSD=1.63%,n=6), 95.31%-98.19%(RSD=2.42%,n=6),98.99%-100.35%(RSD=1.86%,n=6),98.95%-101.21%(RSD=2.17%,n=6), 99.81%-100.62%(RSD=1.66%,n=6),96.78%-98.52%(RSD=1.99%,n=6),97.80%-100.14%(RSD=3.32%,n=6) and 97.40%-101.24%(RSD=2.89%,n=6). Compared with Sheng Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,the contents of gallic acid,catechin,sen-nosides B and anthraquinones in Cu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma,Jiu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma tan decreased. The contents of catechin,sennosides B and anthraquinones in Shu Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. Catechin,sennosides B,chrysopha-nol-1-O- glucoside,aloe-emodin and rhein were not detected in Dahuang tan. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple with good precision,stability and reroducibility,and can be used for the simultaneous determination of 10 chemical components in processed products of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma;there were significant differences in contents of 10 chemical components in processed prod-ucts of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma.

9.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 99-102, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465119

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen extraction process for Rosae Laevigatae Fructus.Methods With the content of total saponins and total phenolic acids from Rosae Laevigatae Fructus as the evaluation indexes, ethanol concentration, extraction time, solid-liquid ratio and extraction times as investigation factors, the test data were analyzed by Design-Expert8.0.5 software, and a multiple quadratic regression equation was set up to screen extraction process parameters of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus.Results The best extraction process parameters of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus were as follows:ethanol concentration was 62.79%;solid-liquid ratio was 13.12:1;the extraction time was 137.93 min;extraction times were 1.85 times. Considering the convenience for actual operation and the practicability of industrial production, the extraction process parameters should be ethanol concentration of 60%, revised solid-liquid ratio of 13:1, 2 hours' extracting time, and 2 extraction times.Conclusion Final selected parameters provide the basis for the extraction process of Rosae Laevigatae Fructus.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 668-670, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480466

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the maximum movement of the hyoid bone and ventriculus laryngis during normal swallowing. Methods Forty volunteers were selected as subjects, and an X?ray simulator was used to collect the videos of normal swallowing. Video analysis software was used to capture continuous and quick screenshots of these videos, and the maximum movement of the hyoid bone and ventriculus laryngis was measured. The difference in movement was analyzed by one?way analysis of variance. Results The mean time for swallowing in 40 volunteers was 1.13±0.28 s. During the process of swallowing, the hyoid bone and ventriculus laryngis moved upward first, then outward, and finally returned to the resting position. The maximum movement of the hyoid bone forward and backward was 0.90±0.30 cm;the maximum vertical movement of the hyoid bone was 0.93±0.36 cm. The maximum movement of the ventriculus laryngis forward and backward was 0.69± 0. 25 cm;the maximum vertical movement of the ventriculus laryngis was 1.04±0.45 cm. Further studies showed the effect of age on the time for swallowing (P=0.03), with similar results for the male and female ( P=0.13) . Sex and age had no effects on movement of the hyoid bone and ventriculus laryngis (P=0.28?0.81 and 0.20?0.88). Conclusions During normal swallowing, the hyoid bone and the ventriculus laryngis move first upward and then forward. These movements should be considered during the development of radiotherapy plan for head and neck cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 530-534, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453530

ABSTRACT

Objective To define a suitable threshold setting for gross tumor volume (GTV)when using 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomogram (PET/CT) for radiotherapy planning in Nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC).Methods Sixteen NPC patients respectively received PET/CT and MRI scan before their radiation treatment.All of the images were transferred to the radiotherapy planning system (TPS).MRI/CT-based primary GTV was defined as GTVf.Biological target volumes (BTVs) were derived from PET/CT-based GTVs of primary tumors.The BTVs were defined as the volumes when adjusting different percentage of the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax).GTVfs were compared with BTVs.The suitable threshold level (sTL) could be determined when BTV value and its morphology using a certain threshold level were observed to be the fittest GTVf.The suitable standardized uptake value (sSUV) was calculated as the sTL multiplied by the SUVmax.Results Our result demonstrated no single sTL or sSUV method could achieve an optimized volumetric match with the GTVf.The sTL was [20.93%±6.51%(15%-40%)],whereas the sSUV was [2.27±0.48(1.56-3.25)].The sTL was inversely correlated with the SUVmax sTL =-0.144ln(SUVmax) + 0.5548 (R2 =0.85,F =78.57,P<0.01.The sSUV showed a linear correlation with the SUVmax sSUV =0.104(SUVmax) + 1.0398,(R2=0.75,F=41.88,P<0.01).The sTL was not associated with the value of GTVf.Conclusions In PET/CT-based BTV for NPC,SUVmax threshold method is feasible.sTL is not a fixed value,which is correlated with the SUVmax instead of the value of tumor.

12.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 98-101,102, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599674

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the best processing technology of prepared Rhubarb by multi- component composite score combined with response surface.Methods The composite score of seven components, i.e., gallicacid, chrysophanol-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, aloeemodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, was taken as indicators. Three factors and three levels of response surface Box-Behnken were used in experimental design. The effects of factors including rice wine volume, moistening time, and steaming time on processing technology of stewed Rhubarb were studied, and the optimized processing parameters were chosen.Results Design Expert 8.05 software was used for data analysis. Multivariate quadratic mathematical model of the sample and examine factors composite score regression equation of seven ingredients content were set up. The best processing conditions of prepared Rhubarb were as following:adding 36.6 mL rice wine into per 100 g raw material;moistening time continued for 2.16 hours;steaming time continued for 10.96 h. According to actual production, the optimized processing conditions of prepared Rhubarb are as following:adding 35 mL rice wine per into 100 g raw material;moistening time continued for 2 h;steaming time continued for 11 h.Conclusion The optimized processing technology can reasonably control the quality of prepared Rhubarb, and provide the basis for the quality standards of its decoction pieces and clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 81-84, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452433

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of steaming Orange Magnoliavine Fruit with vinegar on the lignan metabolism in rats.Methods The rats were fed with same amount of extracts:Orange Magnoliavine Fruit before and after steaming processing with vinegar. Then plasma samples were collected at different times and determined contents of schisantherin A and deoxyschizandrin by HPLC to draw drug concentration in blood-time curve. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated with DAS2.0 analysis software.Results Pharmacokinetic model of schisantherin A and deoxyschizandrin in rats accorded with one compartment model. Plasma concentration in rats under the condition of Orange Magnoliavine Fruit samples before and after steaming processing with vinegar was:Tmax of schisantherin A was determined with (4.250±1.523), (5.750±1.784)h respectively, Cmax with (2.197±0.995), (2.815±0.842)μg/mL respectively, T1/2 with (2.654±0.377), (3.504±0.856)h respectively. Tmax of deoxyschizandrin was determined with (3.250±1.836), (4.250±1.471)h respectively, Cmax with (1.922±0.773), (2.307±0.602)μg/mL, T1/2 with (2.111±1.185), (3.242±2.126)h. Orange Magnoliavine Fruit before and after steaming processing with vinegar exhibited differences in pharmacokinetic parameters in rats.Conclusion The pharmacokinetic parameters of schisantherin A and deoxyschizandrin showed that the steaming processing with vinegar on Orange Magnoliavine Fruit can slow down lignan metabolism in vivo.

14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 282-285, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983489

ABSTRACT

Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) is the most widespread narcotics in the 21st century. The methamphetamine's intoxication mechanism, psychological dependence, drug resistance and therapeutic drug development are the hot spots in current research. Establishment of animal model with methamphetamine poisoning is the basic for the relative studies, the normalization and standardization of the animal model settles the foundation for methamphetamine's further research. This article reviews the animal model of methamphetamine poisoning in China and abroad, the brief history of the acute, subacute and chronic animal model of methamphetamine poisoning, as well as the principles and methods of the animal model establishment and its evaluation criteria. The necessity, significance and its scientific expansion of performing experimental research on the methamphetamine poisoning animal model are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Amphetamine-Related Disorders/psychology , Behavior, Animal/drug effects , Central Nervous System Stimulants/poisoning , Cerebral Cortex/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Forensic Toxicology , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Methamphetamine/poisoning , Stereotyped Behavior/drug effects
15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556917

ABSTRACT

(0.05)). Multivariate analysis revealed that adjuvant radiotherapy and histology of tumor significantly affected the prognosis(P=(0.045) and P=(0.009), respectively). Whereas loco-regional control was only significantly affected by adjuvant radiotherapy(P=(0.000)). CONCLUSION: Adjuvant radiotherapy and histology of tumor are the important prognostic factors in the rectal cancer patients after treatment with multimodality therapy based on surgery.

16.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the pharmacokinetic paramet er s of tinidazole in saliva. Methods:Tinidazole was separated on U ltrasphere ODS (C 18 column, 5 ?m,4.6 mm?25 cm)column with a mobile phas e of MeOH-2.33?10 -3 mol/L acetic acid 32∶68(v/v). The sample s were quantified with an ultraviolet detector operated at 310 nm. Resul ts:The saliva T max of the tinidazole tablets was (1.64?0.94) h,C max (69.23?11.39) ?g/ml,K e 0.059 6?0.013 2,T 1/2 (11.952?2.374) h,Auc (83.42?11.49) ?g?h/ml,Cl r 60.64? 8.56 and V r (2 704.45?601.42) ml respectively.Conclus ion:The method can be used for clinical monitoring of tinidazole in sali va.

17.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684145

ABSTRACT

According to the theory of nucleic acid metabolism, the different select models were designed By means of physical and chemical derived to the production of inosine Bacillus Subtilis JSIM 1019, we have got the mutative strains of auxotroph of different component, the mutative strains lacking of relating enzyme, the mutative strains resisting some metabolic analog in turn Restrain of the production to metabolite has been relieved Two mutative strains of auxotroph xanthine, X 13 and so on were obtained And it also has resistance to 8 azaguanine After the mutative strains had been separated into the single srain respectively, we got X 13 4 the maximum accumulation of adenosine reachs 12 43g/L in substratum cultivated for 72 hours at 36℃

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