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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of bench treadmill training on functional recovery for patients with severely burnt on lower limbs. Methods:From October, 2016 to December, 2017, 30 patients with severe lower limb burn were divided into control group (n = 15) and observation group (n = 15). The control group accepted routine comprehensive rehabilitation, while the observation group accepted the bench treadmill training in addition. They were assessed with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Numerical Rating scale (NRS) of pain, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and 6-minute walking test (6MWT) before and after six weeks of treatement. Results:The scores of SAS, SDS and NRS decreased in both groups (t > 3.636, P < 0.01), and they were less in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.319, P < 0.05). The score of BBS and distance of 6MWT increased in the observation group compared with those in the control group (t > 2.541, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Early training with bench treadmill may promote the functional recovery for patients with severe lower limbs burns.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756593

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the present nursing manager succession planning at home and abroad, covering the succession standard of nursing managers, the content and form of pre-job training, and the evaluation tool of management ability. These efforts aim to provide references for the construction of nursing management talents teams in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 181-186, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746119

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application value of serum high sensitive α-fetoprotein variant ratio (hs-AFP-L3%) in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods From October 2016 to March 2018,at Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University,160 patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma,32 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC),52 patients with post-hepatitis B liver cirrhosis,53 patients with chronic hepatitis B and 50 healthy controls were enrolled.The serum levels of hs-AFP-L3% and α-fetoprotein were measured.Mann-Whitney U test,Spearman correlation analysis,Wilcoxon signed rank test and chi-square test were performed for statistical analysis.Results The serum levels of hs-AFP-L3% and α-fetoprotein in hepatocellular carcinoma group were 24.90% (4.68% to 61.85%) and 113.45 μg/L (11.18 μg/L to 1 803.48 μg/L),respectively,which were higher than those in ICC group (0.50%,0.50% to 0.50%;and 2.79 μg/L,1.72 μg/L to 4.04 μg/L),cirrhosis group (0.50%,0.50% to 5.25%;and 18.35 μg/L,3.95 μg/L to 31.93 μg/L),chronic hepatitis group (0.50%,0.50% to 4.25%;and 2.70 μg/L,1.80 μg/L to 17.00 μg/L),and healthy control group (0.50%,0.50% to 0.50%;and 1.94 μg/L,1.46 μg/L to 2.63 μg/L),and the differences were statistically significant (U =461.00,1 485.50,1 141.00,625.00;401.50,2 207.00,1 254.00,266.00;all P <0.01).The sensitivity of hs-AFP-L3% and α-fetoprotein in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma was 66.3% and 70.0%,respectively;and the difference was not statistically significant (x2 =0.54,P > 0.05).The sensitivity of the combined detection was 82.5%,which was higher than that of the separate detection,and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =24.04 and 18.05,both P <0.01).The specificity of hs-AFP-L3% was 95.2%,which was higher than that of α-fetoprotein (68.6%),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =26.04,P < 0.01).The specificity of the combined detection of these two markers was 68.6%,which was lower than that of hs-AFP-L3% alone (95.2%),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =26.04,P < 0.01).There was no statistically significant difference in the specificity between the combined detection and α-fetoprotein detection alone (68.6%,P > 0.05).The sensitivity of hs-AFP-L3% in the diagnosis of patients with α-fetoprotein-negative (α-fetoprotein < 20 μg/L) hepatocellular carcinoma was 41.7%.The serum levels of hs-AFP-L3% and α-fetoprotein were both positively correlated with tumor size and clinical stage (hs-AFP-L3% r =0.272 and 0.436;α-fetoprotein r =0.375 and 0.458;all P < 0.01).The reduction of serum hs-AFP-L3% in 38 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after operation was 82.2%,which was higher than that of oα-fetoprotein (69.2%),and the difference was statistically significant (U =532.50,P =0.049).There was no correlation between serum level of hs-AFP-L3% and α-fetoprotein level (r =0.077,P > 0.05).Conclusions The sensitivity of hs-AFP-L3% is similar to that of α-fetoprotein in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma,while the specificity of hs-AFP-L3% is higher than that of α-fetoprotein.The combined detection of the two markers can improve the diagnostic rate of hepatocellular carcinoma.The hs-AFP-L3% has a high diagnostic value in α-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707186

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus (SFTSV) existence time in the body,and the correlation between viral load and the severity and prognosis of disease.Methods The clinical data of 125 SFTS patients from May 2015 to October 2016 in Weihai Central Hospital in Shandong province were analyzed retrospectively.Patients were divided into low viral load group and high viral load group according to the SFTSV RNA levels.Neurological symptoms,bleeding tendency,the incidence of myocardial damage and severe pneumonia,laboratory biochemical index and prognosis of two groups were compared.SFTSV RNA of 46 cases were detected dynamically.Data with homogeneity of variance were tested by t test,and data with heterogeneity of variance was tested by rank sum test.Results Among the 125 cases,64 were male and 61 were female.The mean age was (59.0±3.6) years old.One hundred and one cases were cured,and 24 died.SFTSV RNA loads in low viral load group(81 cases) were (3.08± 1.01) copies/mL,and those in high viral load group (44 cases) were (5.69 ± 0.99) copies/mL,with statically significant difference (t =11.78,P<0.05).By the dynamic detection of SFTSV RNA load in 46 patients,viral loads in most patients were gradually declined after 1 week of onset,and cleared after 23 days.The incidence of neurological symptoms,bleeding tendency,severe myocardial damage and pneumonia of two groups showed significant difference (x2 =92.987,38.711,75.889 and 54.680,respectively,all P<0.05).The viral loads of patients who died varied from 1.06× 104 copies/mL to 5.78 × 107 copies/mL.White blood counts of two groups showed no significant difference (t =0.181,P> 0.05).The platelet counts of two groups had significant difference (t =2.869,P<0.05).AST and γ-GT of two groups also had significant difference (P<0.01 and 0.05,respectively).creatine kinase,creatine kinase isoenzyme,lactic dehydrogenase and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase of two groups all had significant difference (P<0.01 or 0.05).Serum sodium,blood calcium and glucose of the two groups had significant difference (P<0.01 or 0.05).activated partial thromboplastin time of the two groups showed significant difference as well (t=5.623,P<0.01).Conclusions After the onset of SFTSV infection,the virus existence in the body may less than 4 weeks.Viral loads are closely associated with disease severity and prognosis.The higher the viral loads are,the heavier organ dysfunction could be and the higher mortality is.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492802

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of combined treatment of single tooth loss and implant denture.Methods The clinical data of 80 patients with single tooth loss were analyzed retrospectively.According to the different surgical methods,they were randomly divided into control group and observation group,40 cases in each group.The control group was treated with implant denture,the observation group was treated with orthodontic treat-ment.The clinical efficacy of the two groups was observed.Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 97.50%,which was significantly higher than 62.50% of the control group(χ2 =15.31,P <0.05).The satisfac-tion scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group,the differences were statistically signif-icant(t =12.21,17.78,15.98,11.85,9.35,all P <0.05).Conclusion The clinical effect of combined treatment of orthodontic and dental implants for patients with single tooth loss is remarkable,and can achieve good results,and improve the treatment satisfaction,it is worth promoting.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491194

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical effect of membrane guided bone regeneration technique combined with 3 I implant system in anterior dental implant.Methods 50 patients with anterior teeth missing were selected as the experimental group,they received membrane guided bone regeneration technique combined with 3 I implant system of dental implant.50 cases alone with 3 I implant system of dental implant were selected as the control group.The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.The effects of the two groups were compared.Results Statistical results showed that the satisfaction of appearance and function had significant difference between the two groups(χ2 =6.73,P<0.05).The operation area of plaque index (PLI) (t=3.16,P<0.05),gingival sulcus bleeding index (MBI) (t=6.32,P<0.05),probing depth (PD) (t=2.63,P<0.05) had significant differences between the two groups.The thickness of the buccal tongue of the bone graft,and other indicators of the top of the implant to the top of the alveolar ridge showed significant differences between the two groups (t=17.65,P<0.05,t=8.48,P<0.05). Conclusion Using membrane guided bone regeneration technique and 3 I implant system combined application can improve dental implant in the anterior and the success rate of patients on the appearance and function of satisfaction after dental implant in the anterior,and to broaden the bone defect of anterior tooth planting the indication effect,it is worthy of clinical promotion.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486143

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of chronic renal insufficiency on serum levels of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist‐Ⅱ(PIVKA‐Ⅱ) and sialic acid (SA) .MethodsThe levels of serum PIVKA‐Ⅱ ,SA ,urea and creatinine(Cr) were detected in 127 cases of chronic renal insufficiency ,32 cases of renal disease with normal renal function ,57 healthy controls un‐dergoing the physical examination and 120 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC ) by using the chemiluminescent and enzymatic methods respectively .The serum urea and creatinine levels were also measured .The estimated GFR (eGFR) was calculated .Results The serum PIVKA‐Ⅱ level had no statistical difference in among the healthy control group ,renal disease with normal renal func‐tion group and renal disease with renal insufficiency group (H=2 .902 ,P> 0 .05) ,moreover significantly lower than that in the HCC group (U=319 .5 ,203 .00 ,665 .50 respectively ,P0 .05) .However ,serum SA levels had statistical differences among the healthy control group ,disease complicating normal renal function group and disease complicating renal insufficiency group( H = 63 .685 ,P0 .05) .Conclusion The renal insufficiency has no obvious im‐pact on serum PIVKA‐Ⅱexpression ,but could significantly increase the SA expression level ,moreover is closely related with the se‐verity of renal function impairment ,thus indicating that the SA level increase not only has the assisted diagnosis value on HCC and multiple malignant tumors ,but also better reflects the renal function status in the patients with chronic renal insufficiency .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475636

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of small titanium plate rigid internal fixation and intermaxillary fixation in the treatment of simple mandibular fracture,and to explore the best treatment method for the reduction of fractures of the mandible.Methods 252 cases with simple fractures of the mandible were randomly divided into the two groups.126 cases of group A were treated by rigid internal fixation,126 cases of group B were treated by intermaxillary fixation.The patients were followed up for 6 months after operation.The complications,occlusion and mouth opening were compared between the two groups.And then,the data were analyzed.Results 120 cases of group A occlusal relation recovered to normal,the appearance and function were recovered well.The average mouth opening was 3.90cm.4 cases got postoperative infection,1 case titanium plate was broken.118 patients of B group occlusal relation recovered to normal,the appearance and function were restored,no case of infection and clamp plate broken.10 cases happened bad oral health condition,gingiva swell and teeth loosen.8 cases complicated with bad occlusion.There were no statistical differences between A and B group about occlusion and(x2=0.30,0.86,all P > 0.05).Conclusion Two treatment methods are effective in the treatment of simple mandibular fracture,rigid skillfully master indication to get best efficacy.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 638-640, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480823

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of hip replacement and internal lixation treatment for aged patients with fracture of femoral neck.Methods One hundred and twelve cases patients with fracture of femoral neck were choosed and divided into the control group (n =56) and observation group (n =56) according to the will of patients and family.The control group was treated by incision fixation while the observation group was given hip replacement therapy.All patients were followed up for 6 months after the operation time.Intraoperative blood loss,hospital stay,bed time,postoperative complications and Harris joint scores of the two groups were compared.Results The operation time and intraoperative blood loss of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group((98.6±23.8) min vs.(54.2± 16.4) min,(324.6 ±43.8) ml vs.(158.6±26.8) ml;t=4.468,5.624;P<0.05);The bed time was much shorter than that of the control group((16.6±2.8) d vs.(68.6±5.8) d;t=8.248,P<0.05).The case of pressure sores,lung infection and mode again of the observation group were significantly less than those of the control group(P<0.05),while the Harris joint scores were significantly higher than the control group (89.7% vs 58.9%,x2 =14.423,P <0.05).Conclusion Hip replacement can improve the joint function and enhance the quality of life for patients of fracture of femoral neck.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436647

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of clinical pathway in surgical treatment for patients with mandibular fracture.Methods 80 patients with mandibular fracture were randomly divided into the conventional therapy group(the control group) (n =40) and the clinical pathway therapy group (CP group) (n =40).The hospitalization time,medical expenses,satisfaction for the treatment,health awareness,and incidence of complications were compared between two groups.Results The results of hospitalization time,medical expenses,satisfaction for the treatment,and health awareness of the CP group were (11.86 ± 3.05) d,(9 115.43 ± 1 689.84) yuan,(91.19 ± 1.02) %,(95.18 ±4.11)points,respectively,which were significantly better than those of the control group [(17.53 ± 2.98)d,(12 066.75 ±2 513.22)yuan,(89.39 ±1.35)%,(82.83 ± 6.56) points] (t =8.41,6.16,6.73,10.01,all P <0.05).The complication rate of the two groups was 2.5%,7.5%,respectively,which had no significant differences (χ2 =0.26,P > 0.05).Concltsion The clinical pathway for mandibular fracture surgery is worthy of promotion.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412890

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of the straight line and the auxiliary incision of lip skin on repairing unilateral incomplete cleft lip.Methods 120 cases of unilateral incomplete cleft lip repaired with the straight line method and reconstruction of the orbicularis oris muscle with the auxiliary incision of lip skin.Results 2 cases of cleft relapse by tumble.The wound of 115 children were healed one stage.3 children were healed two stage.All children didn't present vermilion deficiency.The upper lip presented natural labial groove between affected and unaffected side.Both sides of nostrils were symmetry and scars were not ovbious.Conclusion This new method was simple and effective in repairing unilateral incomplete cleft lip.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381195

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To discuss a reasonable postoperative management of breast augmentation by polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAHG) injection.Methods The retrospective study was used to analyze 157 cases which received breast augmentation by PAHG injection.MRI was used in all of cases preoperatively.Among these patients,23 were located by three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction,the content of mono acrylamide in the serum of 71 cases were examined in the hydrogel of 23 cases and in the tissue around the hydrogel of 12 cases,respectively.The silicone gel implants were planted after the removal of PAHG in 7 cases.Results MRI-3D could show the injectants location,scope,layer and integrality more intuitional and more detailed.The momo acrylamide was found in the serum with 7 cases,in the hydrogel with 5 cases,in the tissue around the hydrogel with 3 cases.131 cases gained satisfactory results.All the cases received 3 to 6 months follow-up.The scleroma was not found after the palpation of breast.In the 7 cases that were planted with the silicone gel implants immediately,the shape and texture of the breast were both great.Conclusions The preoperative MRI examination is a first-choice,and if possible,3D reconstruction is better.With the detecting methods so far,there is no strong evidence to support the possibility of PAHG resolving into poisonous acrylamide inside the human body.During the operation,the injectant,the integument around the hydrogel and degenerative tissue should be orthoptically cleared-up as much as possible.Sucking the injectant blindly is not commended.The silicon gel prosthesis is planted to reconstruct the shape of breast immediately,but the prerequisite is that the patients have this demand and that the muscle is intact without inflammation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325837

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effective diagnostic method for the patients with polyacrylamide hydrogen injection for augmentation mammaplasty.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MRI scanning (layer thickness 1mm, t2 _ ps3d_ cor alignment) was performed on 23 patients with polyacrylamide hydrogen injection for augmentation mammaplasty. The data were imported into computer and processed. 3D reconstruction and analysis modules were run subsequently to do the volume reconstruction and surface reconstruction to obtain stereoscopic images of the gel and adjacent structures in virtual reality, and to calculate the volume of the hydrogel.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 23 patients (46 breasts), the injected hydrogel with integrity capsule existed in retromammary space with no malposition in 5 cases (10 breasts). The capsule was not integrally formed and hydrogel was separately distributed with irregular edge in 6 patients (12 breasts). The pectoris major space, subcutaneous and gland invasion was found in 11 patients (22 breasts). Small amount of hydrogel sparsely distributed in mammary gland and degenerative muscular tissue in 1 patient (2 breasts) who had received extracting surgery before. The volume of hydrogel ranged from 220.309 ml to 372.371 ml (mean: 306.328 ml) in 22 untreated patients (44 breasts).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The volume and distribution of hydrogel can be known clearly by 3D MRI reconstruction technique. This feasible technique is helpful in removing the hydrogel completely.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Adolescent , Adult , Breast Implants , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Mammaplasty , Methods , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325821

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cause and the prophylactic measures for the complication following the periareolar reduction mammaplasty using polypropylene mesh as suspension device.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Dec. 1999 to Dec. 2005, 78 patients who underwent periareolar reduction mammaplasty using polypropylene mesh as suspension device were analysed. Among them, 47 cases were followed-up for 6 months to 5 years, and their long-term effect was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Early after operation, complications included seroma (3 cases), infection (3 cases), delayed wound healing (3 cases), and paraesthesia of nipple-areolar complex (1 case). The 47 followed-up patients presented abnormal wave-like skin appearance in superior polar of breast (7 cases), palpable cord-like mammary content in peripheral region of breast (3 cases), widening of periareolar scar and secondary ptosis (2 cases) and paraesthesia of nipple-areolar complex (1 case). All other patients acquired good appearance and felt satisfactory. 2 patients could lactate after operation. 5 patients underwent mammary X-ray radiography after operation. No mesh shadow or calcification was revealed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although polypropylene mesh is a good suspension device in reduction mammaplasty, the long-term complication is relatively high because of the hardness of the tissue. More soft tissue is necessary as alternative device for clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Breast Implants , Female , Humans , Mammaplasty , Middle Aged , Polypropylenes , Postoperative Complications , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1055-1059, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322894

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association between hypertension and the tendency of change among children,so as to lay a foundation for the prevention and control of hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on findings from the prevalence survey that carried out in September 1999 in Daqing of Heilongjiang province. New admission children were selected as subjects to conduct a five-year cohort study. All the subjects were interviewed with questionnaires and their blood specimens were collected for biochemical analysis. All data were analyzed using SPSS 10.0 software. Results The prevalence of hypertension among 447 children was found 2.01% at the baseline study but increased to 5.37% in the fifth year. During a five year period, the systolic pressure level among children increased from (100.65 +/- 11.62)mmHg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) to (106.67 +/- 9.29) mm Hg,while the diastolic pressure level was from (66.27 +/- 11.31) mm Hg to (70.28 +/- 7.98) mm Hg and showed significant difference between boys and girls. There were association between hypertension and family history, body mass index (BMI), triglyceride, insulin, insulin resistance index while insulin sensitivity index and family history, BMI and insulin sensitivity index appeared to be the important factors. Children under this study were divided to 'with family history or without' and then every group was divided to 'with over weight-obesity or normal'. Obesity and insulin sensitivity seemed the key risk factors on hypertension. Descent of insulin sensitivity was an independent risk factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The level of blood tension among children in Daqing city was higher than that from the national data. The present study confirmed that over-weight,obesity, heredity and insulin resistance were the risk factors of hypertension while insulin resistance was related to hypertension. The interaction of these risk factors was independent or correlated to each other.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Blood , Epidemiology , Insulin Resistance , Male , Overweight , Risk Factors , Triglycerides , Blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis and preoperative staging of uterine cervical cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MRI findings and staging in 72 patients with cervical carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed, and the size, location, signal intensity and invasion of the tumor were observed. MRI sequence included SE T1WI, (TSE)T2WI, T2WI/SPIR and contrast-enhanced T1WI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MRI identified uterus cervical cancer in all cases with the exception of only 1 case of IA stage. The tumor was represented by hypointensity and isointensity on T1WI, heterogeneous and homogeneous hyperintensity on T2WI, mildly heterogeneous enhancement after bolus intravenous GD-DTPA injection. MRI had an accuracy of 86% in localization of the tumor, but its accuracy in clinical staging was only 64% (chi2=6.453, P<0.05). The tumor volume measured by MRI was similar with that by pathological measurement (1.94-/+1.15 vs 1.94-/+1.11, P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MRI can accurately describe the size and invasion of uterine cervical cancer, especially useful in detecting parametrial invasion, but for diagnosis of IA uterine cervical cancer, MRI findings are not sufficient without considerations of clinical findings and cellular examination.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Methods , Preoperative Care , Reproducibility of Results , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 503-507, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233916

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the awareness on sever acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and public health emergencies among general publics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cluster sampling method was implemented in Harbin and Jiagedaqi district of Daxinanling of Heilongjiang province. Research subjects were divided into three groups as city, township and rural areas and were given questionnaires to fill in. Data was analyzed with Epi-data and SPSS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>2003 available questionnaires were collected. The general publics well understood the knowledge on public health emergencies and the SARS with the whole recognition rate more than 60 percent. During the epidemics, people in city, town and countryside were calm (71.7%). The rates of attitude towards the government were significantly different among the subjects living with the city, town or rural areas. The city group expressed the highest favor to the government and media, 71.8% of them gave the credit on the control of SARS to the effective method taken by the government and 65.0% of them showed that they had enough confidence on the governmental ability of dealing with crises while the countryside group trusted the hospitals and relative specialists the most.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is essential for the government to interact and communicate with the publics through media, medical and related institutions when confronting with the public health emergencies. Publicity on health knowledge and coping system on emergency should play key roles in the development of an effective public health system while the government should lead the battle.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Data Collection , Emergencies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Public Health , Rural Population , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Urban Population
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327239

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the immunologic changes in patients who have complications after polyacrylamide hydrogel (HPG) injection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To compare the patients in the HPG injection group and the control group, the expressions of immunoglobulin IgG, IgM, IgA and complement C3, C4 of serum were measured by immunoturbidimetry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of IgG and C3 in the injection group were lower than the control group with extremely significant difference (P < 0.01). The expressions of IgM were higher than the control group with significant difference (P < 0.05). The expression of IgA and C4 had no significant differences between the two groups. The immunologic changes had no relation to the injection doses.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinical application of HPG as a soft tissue filling material may cause foreign-body rejection reaction. The long-term immunologic effect of HPG needs further observation in more cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Adult , Breast , General Surgery , Complement C3 , Complement C4 , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Blood , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Male , Nephelometry and Turbidimetry , Postoperative Complications , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327319

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the reasons for the complications of polyacrylamide hydrogel injection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>39 patients were included in this study, who had complications after polyacrylamide hydrogel injection in the breasts, nose, temproal area or depressed locus. The clinical manifestations of the complications were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postoperative infection occurred in 5 cases, induration in 23, pain in 25, ulceration of the puncture points in 9, displacement in 6, galactostasis in 1, skin necrosis in 1, breast deformation in 3, bilateral asymmetry in 4, aseptic inflammation in 10, and skin-acne-like changes on the face in 4.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some complications were caused mainly by incorrect manipulation and others were relative to the injected material. The applications of polyacrylamide hydrogel as a clinical implant material need further investigations. Polyacrylamide hydrogel injection should be cautiously used.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Adult , Bacterial Infections , Female , Humans , Injections , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670973

ABSTRACT

0.05).All cases showed normal bone formation. Conclusion:There is no significant influence on tibial growth if cancellous bone harvesting is controlled strictly in two third of total amount from tibial proximal metaphyses.

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