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Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 109-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844560


Objective To explore the effects of hydrogen sulfide on pulmonary vascular remodeling and its inhibitors in rats with pulmonary hypertension ( PH). Methods Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group ( 10 rats) , model group ( 10 rats) and H2S intervention group ( 10 rats) , PH model was induced by Lilium Wilfordii in model group, on the basis of model group, rats in H2S intervention group were injected with NaHS (56 u,mol/kg) intraperitoneally, while rats in control group were injected with normal saline at the same dose. Four weeks later, the hemodynamic parameters were measured, the right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) was calculated, the pathological changes of pulmonary vessels were detected by HE staining, and the expressions of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase( JNK) proteins in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family were detected by Western blotting and Real-time PCR. Results There were significant differences in hemodynamics, RVHI, wall thickness as a percentage of vessel diameter ( WT) % , pulmonary vessel wall area as a percentage of vascular cross-sectional area( WA) % , p38 and JNK in each group (P<0. 05). The expression levels of MSAP, MPAP, RVHI, WT%, WA%, p38 mRNA and JNK mRNA in the model group and H2S intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0. 05) , while the levels of MSAP , MPAP , RVHI, WT% , WA% , p38 mRNA and JNK mRNA in H2S intervention group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0. 05). The pulmonary artery morphology showed that the wall thickness and lumen stenosis of the model group and the H2S intervention group increased compared with the control group, but the lumen thickness and lumen stenosis of the H2S intervention group were significantly reduced compared with the model group; Western blotting showed that the expressions of p38 and JNK in model group and H2S intervention group were higher than those in control group, while the expressions of p38 and JNK in H2S intervention group were lower than those in model group. Conclusion H2S can improve hemorheology, right ventricular hypertrophy index, alleviate pulmonary artery wall thickening and lumen stenosis, and inhibit pulmonary vascular remodeling in PH rats. Its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of JNK and p38 protein expression in MAPK signaling pathway by H2S.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256045


To investigate the chemical compounds from the roots of Actinidia rufa, nine compounds were isolated by various column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were elucidated as 2α, 3β, 19α, 23, 24-pentahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), 2α, 3α, 19α, 24-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), 2α, 3α, 24-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (3), 2α, 3α, 24-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (4), 2α, 3α, 23, 24-tetrahydroxyurs -12-en-28-oic acid (5), 2α, 3β, 23, 24-tetrah-ydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (6), 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxy-12-en-28-oic acid (7), 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxyurs-12, 20(30)-dien-28-oic acid (8), and 2α, 3α, 23-trihydroxyurs-12, 20(30)-dien-28-oic acid (9). Compounds 1 and 2 were isolated from the Actinidia genus for the first time. Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed cytotoxic activity against human SKVO3 and TPC-1 cancer cell lines with IC₅₀ values ranging from 10.99 to 16.41 μmol•L⁻¹, compounds 3 and 4 have cytotoxic activity against human HeLa cancer cell line with IC₅₀ values of 15.53 and 13.07 μmol•L⁻¹, respectively.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252149


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effect and mechanism of n-Butanol lysate of alcohol extracts from Actinidia rufa root (monomer of R6,R8).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Tunel, Wright's stain with Giemsa's stain dyeing, and Hoechst 33258-PI double dyeing assay were used to detect the apoptosis of SGC7901 tumor cells treated with R6, R8. The SGC7901 tumor cells were randomly divided into control group and two treatment groups administered 0.05 g x L(-1) R6, R8, respectively, for 72 h). FCM assay was used to detect the apoptosis. Agarose electrophoresis assay was used to detect DNA strand break of tumor cells and reveal anti-tumor action mechanism.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The apoptosis percentage of the tumor cell in 24 h, 48 h, 72 h was (17.08 +/- 2.78)% , (29.68 +/- 2.96)%, (52.46 +/- 3.81)%; (14.75 +/- 2.14)%, (27.35 +/- 3.79)%, (45.64 +/- 5.24)%, respectively, for the treatment group, significantly higher than that in the control group (1.94 +/- 1.55)%, (2.78 +/- 1.84)%, (11.8 +/- 2.79)% (P < 0.01) by tunnel assay. Wright's stain with Giemsa's stain dyeing assay, Hoechst 33258-PI and FCM double dyeing assay showed same action. R6 and R8 had the effect of inducing the DNA histogram of tumor cells (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The anti-tumor mechanisms may be associated with inducing the injury of DNA and stimulating apoptosis.</p>

Actinidia , Chemistry , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry