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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 275-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940337


Through the combing of ancient books of Chinese herbal medicine in the past dynasties, a textual research of Coptidis Rhizoma involved the name, origin, medicinal parts, producing area, quality evaluation, harvesting and processing methods in famous classical formulas was conducted in this paper. After textual research, the mainstream varieties of Coptidis Rhizoma in the Ranunculaceae family before Tang and Song dynasties were Coptis chinensis and C. chinensis var. brevisepala, after the Ming and Qing dynasties, C. deltoidea, C. teeta and C. omeiensis were gradually praised. In ancient times, the authentic producing area of Coptidis Rhizoma has the characteristics of gradually moving to the west. The eastern Coptidis Rhizoma was highly praised in the early stage, while in the later stage, western Coptidis Rhizoma like chicken feet was highly praised. In the early stage, western Coptidis Rhizoma probably originated from C. chinensis and its genus, while Coptidis Rhizoma like chicken feet was cultivated, and no wild species has been found so far. As Coptidis Rhizoma has mixed use of multiple origins in ancient books of past dynasties, based on the current shortage of market resources in C. teeta and C. deltoidea, there are also endangered and protected plants of C. chinensis var. brevisepala and C. omeiensis, combined with the mainstream medicines and resources of past generations, it is recommended to choose C. chinensis as the base of the formulas. In ancient times, there were many processing methods for Coptidis Rhizoma, such as frying and wine-, ginger-, honey-processed. In the process of developing famous classical formulas, the appropriate processing specifications of Coptidis Rhizoma should be selected based on the original source records and the requirements of the medicinal material.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1846-1850, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879100


Indication and functions is an important key information in the research and development of the ancient classical formulas, which directly affects the clinical positioning of the compound formulas and their reasonable, effective and safe use after marke-ting. It is also the embodiment of the ultimate vitality of ancient classical formulas. Due to the particularity of ancient classical formulas, it is of great significance to accurately define and describe the functions and indications of classical formulas to exert their unqiue advantages. Based on the analysis of the provenances, classification of clinical indications, and functions of 100 prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Formulas(First Batch), this paper summarized the incompleteness, irregularity and inconsistency in the original text, the differences in terminology between ancient and modern times, and the evolution of the meanings of prescriptions in different dynasties. In addition, under the guidance of the general principle of textual researh on ancient classical formulas, which is to inherit the essence, make the past serve the present, link up the past and the present, and bulid consensus, this paper proposed the following ideas: respecting the original meanings and provenances of ancient classical formulas, taking full consideration of the development and evolution, serving the current clinical application and health needs, accurately linking up the ancient and modern terminologies, standardizing the expression of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) terminology, highlighting the characteristics of TCM, attaching importance to the textual research principles and suggestions of post-marketing evidence-based and clinical positioning research, so as to determine the the functions and indications of the ancient classical formulas in a scientific, standardized and reasonable way and better guide the clinical application of the classical formulas.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile , Prescriptions
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 136-140, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984916


OBJECTIVES@#To establish a query table of IBS critical value and identification power for the detection systems with different numbers of STR loci under different false judgment standards.@*METHODS@#Samples of 267 pairs of full siblings and 360 pairs of unrelated individuals were collected and 19 autosomal STR loci were genotyped by Goldeneye™ 20A system. The full siblings were determined using IBS scoring method according to the 'Regulation for biological full sibling testing'. The critical values and identification power for the detection systems with different numbers of STR loci under different false judgment standards were calculated by theoretical methods.@*RESULTS@#According to the formal IBS scoring criteria, the identification power of full siblings and unrelated individuals was 0.764 0 and the rate of false judgment was 0. The results of theoretical calculation were consistent with that of sample observation. The query table of IBS critical value for identification of full sibling detection systems with different numbers of STR loci was successfully established.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The IBS scoring method defined by the regulation has high detection efficiency and low false judgment rate, which provides a relatively conservative result. The query table of IBS critical value for identification of full sibling detection systems with different numbers of STR loci provides an important reference data for the result judgment of full sibling testing and owns a considerable practical value.

Humans , Alleles , Genotype , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Research Design , Siblings
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 109-122, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983974


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mutation of Y-STR loci in meiotic allelic transmission in a large pedigree.@*METHODS@#The oral swabs of 163 male individuals were collected from a Lin pedigree. Twenty-two Y-STR genetic markers were typed with AGCU Y24 fluorescent detection kit (AGCU Y24 system), which also contained 16 Y-STR markers included in Yfiler multiple amplification kit (Yfiler system). The genotyping results of Y-STR loci were compared between each two males in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#There were 20 and 30 kinds of haplotypes obtained with Yfiler and AGCU Y24 systems in 163 male individuals from the Lin pedigree, respectively. The rates referred to haplotype differences (RRHD) of these two typing systems between male pairs were 0.910 5 and 0.922 7, respectively. The average number of marker differences were 6.582 1 and 9.824 8, respectively. The RRHD increased along with the incidents of meiosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Y-STR mutation leads to different Y-STR haplotypes among the male members in a paternal pedigree and the rate of difference increases along with the incidents of meiosis.

Humans , Male , Alleles , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting , Genetic Linkage , Genetic Markers/physiology , Genotype , Haplotypes , Mutation/genetics , Pedigree