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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1050-1055, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and prognostic value of cytokines in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients diagnosed with DLBCL in the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from June 2017 to November 2018 were collected. The differences in expression levels of 14 serum cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-22, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-β] in patients with different survival outcomes, and the impact of the cytokines on 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and 3-year overall survival (OS) of patients with DLBCL were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 cytokines, only the expression of IL-10 was significantly different in patients with different survival outcomes (P =0.007). According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal cut-off value for IL-10 was 11.74 pg/ml. Serum IL-10 was positively correlated with infection markers procalcitonin (PCT) (r =0.321, P =0.029), C-reactive protein (CRP) (r =0.320, P =0.013) and tumor burden index lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (r =0.439, P <0.001) in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients. The level of IL-10 in patients with pulmonary infection was significantly higher than that in patients without pulmonary infection (P =0.012). However, there was no statistically significant difference on the 3-year survival outcomes between patients with or without pulmonary infection. There was no significant difference in IL-10 level in patients with different Ann Arbor stages (P >0.05). Patients with high IL-10 level (IL-10>11.74 pg/ml) had significantly higher LDH level than those with low IL-10 level (IL-10≤11.74 pg/ml) (P <0.001). The 3-year PFS rate and 3-year OS rate of DLBCL patients with high IL-10 level were significantly lower than those of low IL-10 level group [(44.4±11.7)% vs (81.8±5.8)%, P <0.001; (61.6±11.5)% vs (93.2±3.8)%, P =0.001].@*CONCLUSION@#Serum IL-10 level in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients can reflect the inflammatory state of the body, which may be related to tumor load. Newly diagnosed DLBCL patients with serum IL-10>11.74 pg/ml have higher early mortality and worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Retrospective Studies , China , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 227-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994823

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterized by the involvement of the optic nerve and spinal cord. The main clinical features are optic neuritis, acute myelitis, and area postrema syndrome. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG-positive patients accounted for the majority and compared with AQP4-IgG-negative patients, the clinical symptoms were more severe, the recurrence was more frequent, and the disability rate was higher. The pathogenesis of AQP4-IgG-positive NMOSD is still not clear. This article reviews the research progress of the pathogenesis of AQP4-IgG-positive NMOSD.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 442-446, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989479

ABSTRACT

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common urological condition. First-line treatment for OAB includes behavioral therapy as well as pharmacological treatment with M-blockers and β3-adrenoceptor agonists. Patients with OAB who fail behavioral therapy and do not achieve the desired outcome after 6-12 weeks of treatment with M receptor antagonists alone or who cannot tolerate the adverse effects of oral medications are referred to as refractory OAB. patients with refractory OAB can be treated with surgical interventions such as Sacral Neuromodulation (SNM), intravesical Botulinum Toxin type A. BTX-A and Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation. Compared with other procedures, SNM is highly effective and has a low incidence of adverse effects. The author contemplates that future studies of SNM for refractory OAB could be conducted to address the overall changes in intestinal flora-urinary flora-metabolomics and urinary control-related brain structure-spinal cord functional structure-peripheral pelvic floor nerve structure.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 799-805, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927570

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The new emerging avian influenza A H7N9 virus, causing severe human infection with a mortality rate of around 41%. This study aims to provide a novel treatment option for the prevention and control of H7N9.@*METHODS@#H7 hemagglutinin (HA)-specific B cells were isolated from peripheral blood plasma cells of the patients previously infected by H7N9 in Jiangsu Province, China. The human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were generated by amplification and cloning of these HA-specific B cells. First, all human mAbs were screened for binding activity by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then, those mAbs, exhibiting potent affinity to recognize H7 HAs were further evaluated by hemagglutination-inhibiting (HAI) and microneutralization in vitro assays. Finally, the lead mAb candidate was selected and tested against the lethal challenge of the H7N9 virus using murine models.@*RESULTS@#The mAb 6-137 was able to recognize a panel of H7 HAs with high affinity but not HA of other subtypes, including H1N1 and H3N2. The mAb 6-137 can efficiently inhibit the HA activity in the inactivated H7N9 virus and neutralize 100 tissue culture infectious dose 50 (TCID50) of H7N9 virus (influenza A/Nanjing/1/2013) in vitro, with neutralizing activity as low as 78 ng/mL. In addition, the mAb 6-137 protected the mice against the lethal challenge of H7N9 prophylactically and therapeutically.@*CONCLUSION@#The mAb 6-137 could be an effective antibody as a prophylactic or therapeutic biological treatment for the H7N9 exposure or infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Viral , Hemagglutinins , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype , Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza in Birds , Influenza, Human/prevention & control
5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1423-1430, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958048

ABSTRACT

Endovascular therapy is the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion. However, an increasing number of studies have demonstrated that about half of patients had poor functional recovery despite successful recanalization, namely futile recanalization. Previous studies suggested that tissue no-reflow (lack of reperfusion despite recanalized large vessel), early re-occlusion, poor collateral status, hemorrhagic transformation, impaired cerebral autoregulation and large hypoperfusion volume may all contribute to futile recanalization. Targeted treatment strategies for these mechanisms have been attempted in pre-clinical researches but failed to translate into clinical practices. This review aimed to summarize the mechanisms of futile recanalization and potential targeted treatment strategies, particularly focus on the no-reflow phenomenon and its mechanisms, clinical evaluation, and treatment approaches, hoping to promote translational research and improve the status of stroke treatment.

6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 35-42, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879307

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) signaling on nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in human osteosarcoma MG63 cells and the subsequent impact on the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). MethodsMG63 cells were treated with VEGF-C alone (VEGF-C group), VEGF-C + iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine (AG; AG group), and VEGF-C + VEGFR-3 inhibitor MAZ51 (MAZ51 group); untreated MG63 cells were used as controls. NO production was evaluated by a colorimetric method involving nitrate reductase. Meanwhile, mRNA and protein levels of iNOS were examined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. To explore the effect of VEGF-C/VEGFR-3/iNOS signaling of MG63 cells on proliferation of HUVECs, we set up six groups: HUVECs, HUVECs+MG63, HUVECs+VEGF-C, HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C, HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C+AG, and HUVECs+MG63+VEGF-C+MAZ51 groups. The proliferation of HUVEC cells was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assay, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression quantitation. ResultsVEGF-C treatment enhanced iNOS expression at both gene and protein levels (mRNA: LSD-

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1302-1306, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911871

ABSTRACT

Nasu-Hakola disease is an extremely rare genetic disorder with cognitive dysfunction and fractures as the main clinical manifestations. The clinical characteristics, laboratory, imaging, and genetic data of a Nasu-Hakola case from a consanguineous Chinese family were analyzed. The patient was a 40-year-old female complaining about progressive forgetting and behavior change of three years and urinary incontinence of eight months. Neurological examination of the patient showed tetra-pyramidal signs. Neuropsychological testing revealed severe cognitive and behavioral impairment. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed generalized brain atrophy predominantly involving the frontal lobe, caudate nucleus, and anterior corpus callosum, and head computer tomography showed bilateral basal ganglia calcification. The patient had no history of bone pain or fracture and a skeletal survey showed no abnormalities. Whole exome sequencing identified a novel homozygous triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 gene mutation (c.523delA) in the patient and confirmed the heterozygous status of her parents and sisters. The patient showed no signs of improvement during the last six months after discharge. Although the patient′s clinical presentations mimicked the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, reduced 42-amino acid form of amyloid-β protein level in the cerebrospinal fluid suggested amyloid deposition in the brain, which might be related to astrocytic dysfunction.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817253

ABSTRACT

Background: Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans. Methods: We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Jin Yin-tan Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed. Results: Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8–99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6–87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor. Conclusion: A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1024, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans.@*METHODS@#We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed.@*RESULTS@#Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8% to 99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6% to 87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Tomography, X-Ray , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 388-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905450

ABSTRACT

The nutritional status of patients with spinal cord injury affects the rehabilitation and outcome of patients, and has not received enough attention. Joint interventions such as diet control and exercise are effective. In addition, nutrition training for medical staff and nutrition education for patients are necessary, and the relevant nutrition policy of hospital should also be revised. At present, the nutritional assessment criteria for patients with spinal cord injury are not sufficient. Because of the specificity of patients with spinal cord injury, the evaluation criteria for healthy people are not applicable, and it is difficult to detect malnutrition early. A comprehensive evaluation system for patients with spinal cord injury in China should be established using evaluation scales, blood indicators and skin pleat thickness, and nutrition assessment should be used as a part of routine management.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1209-1216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905355

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of athletes' sports injuries during the Winter Olympic and Winter Youth Olympic Games. Methods:The information of registered athletes during the 2010, 2014 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympic Games, including the injury numbers of each sport, damage sites, types and severity of injuries were collected, and the epidemiological characteristics were analyzed. Results:A total of 6370 person-time registered athletes were collected and 789 sports injuries were recorded. The injury rate per 1000 registered athletes was 123.9. An average of 11% of athletes was injured at least once. There was a significant difference in the injury rate among these events (χ2 = 12.301, P = 0.002). Women were more likely to be injured than men (χ2 = 5.220, P = 0.022). The top three sports with the highest injury rate were snowboarding (23.9%), freestyle skiing (23.2%) and Bobsleigh (18.0%); the top three sports with the largest number of injuries were ice hockey (160 person-time, 20.3%), alpine skiing (128 person-time, 16.2%) and snowboarding (113 person-time, 14.3%). The top three most injured sites were knee (54 person-time, 13.6%), head (41 person-time, 10.3%) and lumbar spine/lower back (27 person-time, 6.8%); the top three types of injury were contusion/haematoma/bruise (123 person-time, 30.9%), sprain (dislocation/subluxation or ligamentous rupture) (71 person-time, 17.8%) and strain (muscle rupture/tear or tendon rupture) (47 person-time,11.8%). A total of 251 injuries (31.8%) were expected to result in time loss for the athlete, 81 out of whom were severe injuries (32.3%). Conclusion:There is a mass of sport injuries in winter sports events with different types and severities. The incidence of injury varies with sports, and it is focused on snowboarding, freestyle skiing and Bobsleigh, ice hockey and alpine skiing. It is needed to research the technical characteristics of specific sports, damage risk factors and mechanism to reduce the sports injuries, and to construct green channels for sports injuries, to promote the recovery of function.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 59-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of catgut embedding at back- points on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in rats based on IKK/IKB/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream inflammatory factors.@*METHODS@#Eighty SPF SD rats were selected, among them 10 rats were selected divided into a normal group (group A), and the remaining 70 rats were fed with high-fat diet to establish NASH model. At the end of 12 weeks, 10 rats were randomly selected to verify whether the model establishment was successful. Then the remaining 60 rats were randomly divided into a model group (group B), a catgut embedding at back- points group (group C), a catgut embedding at abdominal points group (group D), an acupuncture at back- points group (group E), a sham catgut embedding group (group F) and a western medication group (group G), 10 rats in each group. The rats in the group C were treated with catgut embedding at "Ganshu" (BL 18), "Pishu" (BL 20), "Weishu" (BL 21) and "Shenshu" (BL 23); the rats in the group D were treated with catgut embedding at "Daheng" (SP 15), "Fujie" (SP 14), "Huaroumen" (ST 24) and "Tianshu" (ST 25); the rats in the group E were treated with acupuncture at the same acupoints as the group C; the rats in the group F were treated with catgut embedding at back- points but the needle did not enter subcutaneous tissue gamma; the rats in the group G were treated with intragastric administration of vitamin E capsule. All the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The rats in the group A were fed with normal diet until the end of 16 weeks without any intervention. The rats in the group B continued to be fed with high-fat diet until the end of 16 weeks. After the intervention, the liver index was calculated; the liver histomorphology was observed by HE staining; the liver function [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (γ-GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)] and blood lipid [serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL)] were measured by serum biochemistry. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1βwere detected by ELISA, and the expressions of IKK-α, NF-κBp65, IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α proteins in liver tissue were detected by Western blot. The temperature of the conception vessel and the governor vessel was measured by infrared thermography.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the group A, the obvious steatosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in the group B, and the body weight, liver wet-weight and liver index were all increased (0.05), while the temperature of the governor vessel in the group C was superior to that in the group D (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The catgut embedding at back- points might inhibit the activation of IKK/IKB/NF-κB signaling pathway to interrupt the inflammatory cascade, and reduce the "second hit" of inflammatory factors on liver, which could slow down NASH progress and prevent and treat NASH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Catgut , NF-kappa B , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 201-204, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905099

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can directly and quantitatively analyze tissue metabolism. In the field of rehabilitation, it has been used in the prognosis of spinal cord injury, and observation of the metabolic changes after injury; in the diagnosis of stroke, cognitive dysfunction assessment, and dystonia mechanism research; exploring the rehabilitation mechanism of Parkinson's disease. It can be used in tumors for auxiliary diagnosis of prostate cancer and brain tumors. In addition, it can be used to assess the severity and prognosis of heat stroke, and to study the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and multiple system atrophy. It was found in the animal experiments that it can optimize the experimental design. With the development of advanced shimming algorithms and other technologies, the limitations of MRS will be gradually broken.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 921-933, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776461

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Resident microglia are the principal immune cells of the brain, and the first to respond to the pathophysiological changes induced by ischemic stroke. Traditionally, it has been thought that microglial activation is deleterious in ischemic stroke, and therapies to suppress it have been intensively explored. However, increasing evidence suggests that microglial activation is also critical for neurogenesis, angiogenesis, and synaptic remodeling, thereby promoting functional recovery after cerebral ischemia. Here, we comprehensively review the dual role of microglia during the different phases of ischemic stroke, and the possible mechanisms controlling the post-ischemic activity of microglia. In addition, we discuss the dynamic interactions between microglia and other cells, such as neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and endothelial cells within the brain parenchyma and the neurovascular unit.

15.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 50-58, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703317

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the immune intervention effect and mechanism of blockage of macrophage-mediated PD1 /PD-L1 pathways with functional PD-L1(programmed cell death ligand-1,PD-L1)monoclonal antibody upon tuberculosis(TB)relapse in mice. Methods Female C57BL/6 mice were infected by tail vein injection of 106CFU M. tuberculosis H37Rv to obtain active TB infection. Two weeks postinfection, the mice in different groups were administered isoniazid(10 mg/kg)(group ISO)and isoniazid combined with PD-L1 monoclonal antibody(50 μg/each)(group ISO+PD-L1)respectively,continued for four weeks to obtain latent infection. The subsequent relapse was monitored. Among the treatment groups,the TB relapse was induced by TNF-α antibody(50 ug/each)for four weeks from the beginning of latent stage. At each scheduled time point, bacterial loads and pathological changes in the lung, spleen and liver were quantitatively analyzed,thereby,the in vivo intervention effect of PD-L1 monoclonal antibody on tuberculosis recurrence in mice was revealed. The in vitro experiment was further explored whether knock-down the expression of PD-L1 on the infected macrophages could accerlate the macrophage apoptosis. Results The bacterial burden reached 3-4 Lg(CFU/mL),and granuloma lesions were extensive in the lung, spleen and liver in the all infected groups, which appeared as active TB stage at 2nd week postinfection. After treated,the bacterial burden of the lung,spleen and liver was decreased, and the pathological lesions alleviated in the group ISO and group ISO+PD-L1, compared with the model control group, showing significant differences, but there was no significant difference between the two treatment groups. However, compared with the group ISO,the group ISO+PD-L1 had a significantly lower bacterial load and milder pathological lesions during the relapse period. Futhermore, knock-down the expression of PD-L1 on macrophages with anti-PD-L1 or PD-L1-siRNA promoted apoptosis in macrophages. Conclusions Blockade of the PD1/PD-L1 pathway by PD-L1 functional antibody can inhibit TB relapse in mice,and knock-down the expression of PD-L1 on macrophages or PD1/PD-L1 pathway with functional antibody can promote apoptosis in macrophages,which together indicate that PD-L1 blockage can effectively promote isoniazid treatment of TB and remarkably inhibit the recurrence of TB in mice.

16.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 349-356, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of gut microbiota in SD rat model of diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (STZ). Methods Twenty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into control (C) (n=10) and diabetes (M) (n=15) groups. Rats in the group M received intravenous injection of streptozotocin (30 mg/kg) once per day for 5 consecutive days. Fecal samples were collected and examined for the V3 region of the 16S rDNA gene by Illumina Miseq high-throughput sequencing. The abundance and composition of gut microbiota were analyzed by cluster analysis. Results DNA sequence analysis was successfully performed. The Chao 1 index was lower in the group M than group C (P< 0. 05). The Shannon index was lower and the Simpson index was higher in the group M than group C (P<0. 05). At phylum level, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Tenericutes, TM7, and Actinobacteria was lower in the group M than group C (P< 0. 05). At genus level, 4 weeks after injection,the abundance of Lactobacillus was lower and that of Bacteroidetes was higher in the group M than group C ( P< 0. 05). 12 weeks after injection, the relative abundance of Lactobacillus,Bacteroides and Ruminococcus was higher and that of Bifidobacterium was lower in the group M than group C ( P< 0. 05). Conclusions This STZ-induced diabetic SD rat model has a low abundance and diversity of gut microbiota. Quantitative analysis of gut microbiota composition in this animal model provides a basic data for the study of relationship between diabetes mellitus and gut microbiota.

17.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 95-100, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703194

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the structural and functional changes of immune system in aging Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods Sixty SPF 4-6-week old SD rats(male:female=1:1)were used in this study. Ten of them were randomly taken and euthanized every 6 months. The dynamic changes of T cell proliferation,expression of cytokines,serum levels of SOD and MDA and histopathology were examined. Results Obvious histological changes of thymus and spleen were observed in the aging rats. Compared with the young SD rats,in the aging rats,the lymphocyte transformation ability was decreased(P<0.05,P<0.01),number of splenic cells was declined(P<0.05,P<0.01),NK(P<0.05,P<0.01)and T cell subset was reduced(P<0.05,P<0.01),and the production of IL-2 was decreased as well(P<0.05, P<0.01). The serum level of SOD in old rats was lower,MDA was increased,with significant differences(P<0.05,P<0.01). The immunohistochemical staining showed that more extensive staining was found in the nuclei of thymocytes from the aging rats,while the 8-OHdG formation in thymic tissues was mostly located in the thymic medulla. Conclusions Aging process is accompanied by immune impairment,oxidative stress can also impair the immune response in aging rats. Our findings indicate that structural and functional alterations of immune system in aging rats may be closely related with ox-idative damages.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 401-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702505

ABSTRACT

Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is one of the most common complications of spinal cord injury.It can cause abdominal distension,constipation,fecal incontinence,difficult defecation,prolonged defecation and other symptoms.At present, neurogenic bowel dysfunction is mainly evaluated through general condition,physical examination,experimental exami-nation,professional scales and intestinal microbiota,etc.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 373-377, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702501

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI)can be divided into primary injury and secondary injury.Spinal cord edema is important for the development of secondary injury after ASCI.Spinal cord edema can be mainly divided into cytotoxic edema and angioedema.The application of dehydrating agents in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury is obvious.This article de-scribed the application of mannitol,hypertonic saline,glycerol fructose,furosemide,human serum albumin,resveratrol and other dehydrating agents in the treatment of ASCI.

20.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1297-1299, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692835

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and significance of insulin grow th factor 1(IGF-1) and gli-al fibriuary acidic protein(GFAP) in patients with glioma .Methods The serum levels of IGF-1 and GFAP in 40 glioma patients ,30 healthy subjects and 35 patients with other benign intracranial tumors were measured by double antibody sandwich method .Results There was no significant difference in serum IGF-1 and GFAP lev-els between healthy subjects and other benign intracranial tumor patients (P>0 .05) ,and the levels of IGF-1 and GFAP in the serum of glioma patients were significantly higher than those of healthy and other benign in-tracranial tumor patients (P<0 .05) .The serum levels of IGF-1 and GFAP in glioma patients after operation were significantly lower than those before operation (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion The expression of IGF-1 and GFAP in the serum of glioma patients is significantly higher than those of healthy subjects and other benign intracranial tumor patients .It has good sensitivity and specificity .It can be used as a serum marker of glioma patients and has certain clinical value .

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