Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4446-4458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008699

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma in the treatment of gastric ulcer by network pharmacology and animal experiments. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was employed to chara-cterize the chemical components of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma, and the common targets of Bletillae Rhizoma and gastric ulcer were screened out by network pharmacology. The "drug-component-target-disease" network was constructed. Protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established by STRING. Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed based on Matescape database to predict the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Bletillae Rhizoma. Finally, the gastric ulcer model was induced in mice by alcohol to verify the therapeutic effect and mechanism of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma on gastric ulcer. Forty-seven chemical components were identified from non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma, among which gymnoside Ⅰ, gymnoside Ⅱ, militarine, bletilloside A, and shancigusin I might be the main active components of non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma against gastric ulcer. PPI network analysis revealed core targets such as albumin(ALB), serine/threonine kinase 1(AKT1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The KEGG enrichment analysis showed that non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma mainly exerted the therapeutic effect by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(AKT) signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, and Ras signaling pathway. The results of animal experiments showed that non-polysaccharide fraction of Bletillae Rhizoma could significantly improve alcohol-induced ulceration in mice to increase ulcer inhibition rate, decrease the levels of TNF-α, interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-6, vasoactive intestinal peptide(VIP), and thromboxane B2(TXB2), elevated the le-vels of IL-10, prostaglandin E2(PGE2), epidermal growth factor(EGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), down-re-gulate the protein levels of PI3K and AKT, and up-regulate the protein levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT. This study indicates that Bletillae Rhizoma may play a role in the treatment of gastric ulcer through multiple components, targets, and pathways and verifies partial prediction results of network pharmacology. The findings of this study provide a scientific and experimental basis for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Animal Experimentation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Molecular Docking Simulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 219-225, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912860

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of pediatric massage (tuina) for chronic cough in children. Methods: A total of 96 cases were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 48 cases in each group. Cases in the control group received routine pediatric massage manipulations. Cases in the observation group received additional Mo-rubbing abdomen manipulation. The treatment was done 3 times a week and 12 times made up a treatment session. The cough symptom scores were evaluated before treatment and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 treatments respectively. Results: There were 8 dropouts in the observation group and 5 dropouts in the control group. Before treatment, there was no statistical difference in coughing score between the two groups (P>0.05). After 9 times of treatment, the total coughing scores were significantly reduced in both groups (both P<0.05); however, there were no statistical differences between the two groups in the score differences between before treatment and after 3, 6 and 9 times of treatment (all P>0.05). After 12 times of treatment, the total coughing scores were significantly reduced in both groups (both P<0.05), along with a statistical difference between the two groups in the score difference between before treatment and after 12 times of treatment (P<0.05). There was a statistical difference between the two groups in overall response (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 92.5%, versus 86.0% in the control group, showing a statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: The routine pediatric massage manipulations alone or in combination with Mo-rubbing abdomen manipulation both can significantly improve chronic cough in children; however, the combination obtains a better effect.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5088-5095, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921648

ABSTRACT

The rats were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) and kept in separate cages for inducing depressive disorder, which was judged by behavioral indicators. The number and morphology of neurons in hippocampal CA3 area and prefrontal cortex were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid(5-HIAA), dopamine(DA), norepinephrine(NE), glutamic acid(GLU), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-18(IL-18), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western blot were conducted to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of related molecules in NLRP3 pathway. The results showed that compared with the model group, acidic polysaccharides from Poria at the low-, medium-, and high-doses(0.1, 0.3 and 0.5 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) all improved the depression-like behavior of rats, increased the number of neurons and the levels of BDNF, 5-HT, 5-HIAA, DA, and NE in the hippocampus, and reduced GLU and serum IL-1β, IL-18, and TNF-α levels. The mRNA expression levels of ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 and the protein expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 in each medication group were down-regulated, whereas the protein expression levels of pro-caspase-1, pro-IL-1β, and pro-IL-18 were up-regulated. All these have indicated that acidic polysaccharides from Poria exerted the antidepressant effect possibly by regulating neurotransmitters and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antidepressive Agents , Depression/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Neurotransmitter Agents , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Poria
4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1564-1569, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743831

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Type I collagen is a polymer material that has good biocompatibility and good cell affinity, and can degrade under certain conditions. It can also develop good mechanical properties after cross-linking, but it is less reported in the reconstruction of the injured median nerve of the forearm. OBJECTIVE: To explore the preparation method of type I collagen nerve conduit and its mechanism in the reconstruction following median nerve injury in the forearm. METHODS: A total of 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were selected from the Medical Animal Experimental Center, the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, 10 of which were randomly selected as sham surgery group. The remaining 30 rats were used to establish a rat model of median nerve injury in the forearm by laser-induced photochemical reaction. After successful modeling, the model rats were randomly divided into positive control group (n=10), type I collagen group (n=10) and autologous nerve group (n=10). The sham surgery group was routinely fed and did not participate in the modeling; the positive control group did not take special treatment after the successful modeling; the type I collagen group was subjected to bridging with type I collagen nerve conduit; and the autologous nerve group was subjected to bridging with autologous nerve. The repair effects were compared among groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Under the inverted microscope, the type I collagen was loosely arranged before cross-linking, and it had honeycomb-shaped irregular pores with the pore size of 10-100 μm and the porosity of 20-200 μm, and the pore interstitial was relatively thin. After cross-linking, the type I collagen was densely arranged, the collagen fibers could form relatively regular pores with the pore size of 50-100 μm and the porosity of 20-200 μm, the interstitial mass was thickened, and the spatial structure changed significantly. (2) After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of repair, the scores on the Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test in the type I collagen and autologous nerve groups were significantly lower than those in the positive control group (P < 0.05) and higher than those in the sham surgery group (P < 0.05). (3) At 12 weeks after repair, there was no significant difference in amplitude and latency between the type I collagen group and the autologous nerve group (P> 0.05), but the amplitude and latency in both groups were significantly higher than those in the positive control group (P < 0.05). (4) At 12 weeks after repair, the nerve injury site surrounded by necrotic tissues was visible in the positive control group; no injury was found in the autologous nerve group, and the surrounding necrotic area decreased, indicating good recovery; no injury was shown by toluidine blue staining in the type II collagen group, indicating good recovery. Overall, the type I collagen nerve conduit can be successfully prepared by the self-made mold, and it can be used for the reconstruction following median nerve injury in the rat forearm, helping nerve repair.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3323-3329, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773715

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation between ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Smilax china and its anti-pelvic inflammatory effect,and to explore the pharmacodynamic material basis of S. china against pelvic inflammatory disease.UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of S. china from different habitats were established,and the values of SOD,MDA,TNF-α,and IL-6 in rats with pelvic inflammation were measured. The weight of each single pharmacodynamics index to the total efficacy was determined by analytic hierarchy process,and the contribution of each peak in fingerprints to the each single pharmacodynamics index and total efficacy was analyzed by the grey relational analysis. Then the structures of chemical constituents at the identified peaks were confirmed by comparing with the reference substance. The 27 common characteristic peaks of UPLC fingerprints were all related to the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china,of which 13 peaks were identified as peak 2( 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid-3-O-glucoside),peak 3( chlorogenic acid),peak 5( 2,7,4-trihydroxydihydroflavone-5-O-glucoside),peak 6( 7,4-dihydroxydihydroflavonol-5-O-glucoside),peak 7( taxifolin-7-O-glucoside),peak 9( taxifolin),peak 10( polydatin),peak 11( oxyresveratrol),peak 12( astilbin),peak15( resveratrol),peak 16( quercitrin),peak 18( engeletin) and peak 24( kaempferol). The correlation degree of 21 peaks and the total efficacy was greater than 0. 8,and the top 10 ranked by correlation degree were as follows: peak 1,3,7,19,18,17,4,11,16,and 21. The results showed that the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china was achieved by the combined action of pharmacodynamic substances. In order to control the quality of S. china and its prepared slices more effectively,the index components of content detection should be selected reasonably.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Drug Therapy , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Smilax , Chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 68-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707274

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of xenogenic bone with chitosan/norvancomycin sustained-release biomaterials in treating infectious bone defects in rabbits.Methods Xenogenic bone with chitosan/norvancomycin sustained-release biomaterials was made by electrospinning technique.Rabbit infectious bone defect models were made by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.A successful model was evaluated with the standard of more than three points in Norden score assessment.All models were divided into two groups by random number table method,with eight models in each.The control group was treated with surgical debridement,and the experimental group was implanted with bone particles of xenogenic bone with chitosan/norvancomycin sustained-release system after debridement.Postoperatively,general conditions,X-ray,histological results of HE staining,and bacteriological examination results of the rabbits were observed.Results X-ray showed significant bone defects,sequestration,periosteal reaction,and soft tissue swelling after one month of modeling,with Norden score of (3.84 ± 0.52) points.The general conditions were good and the sinus tracts were healed in experimental group after two months of treatment.The control group demonstrated generally poor conditions with swollen sinus and purulent discharge.Two rabbits were died of sepsis.The pathological scores of tibial were (0.41 ± 0.08) points in experimental group,and (3.27 ± 0.26) points in control group by gross observation.The pathological score of experimental group was significantly lower than control group(P < 0.05).The bone defects were basically repaired in experimental group.The longest diameter of bone defect in experimental group was (0.11 ± 0.02)cm,significantly smaller than (0.48 ± 0.06) cm in control group (P < 0.05).There were no obvious signs of osteomyelitis and the bone defects were well repaired in experimental group.Periosteal reaction,soft tissue swelling,a substantial number of bone destruction,and sequestration were observed in control group.The Norden score was (1.32 ± 0.23) points in experimental group,lower than (5.21 ± 0.48) points in control group(P < 0.05).HE staining showed a large amount of trabecular bone formation,bone cell formation,and fibrous hyperplasia in experimental group,with no obvious signs of infection.On the other hand,infiltration of inflammatory cells,necrotic tissue,and sequestration were observed in control group.The histological score was(0.61 ± 0.10) points in experimental group,lower than (4.21 ± 0.41) points in control group (P <0.05).The negative rate of bacterial culture in experimental group was 33%,lower than 100% in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Xenogenic bone with ehitosan/norvancomycin sustained-release biomaterials has excellent effect in infection clearance and bone defect reparation in treatment of infectious bone defects in rabbits.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2775-2782, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698774

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Treatment of orthopedics diseases is largely based on reconstruction to restore the normal structure of the human motor system. However, the human body's ability to repair cannot meet clinical requirements for the treatment of some diseases. In order to solve the problem of tissue regeneration in life science, stem cell therapy has emerged in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the research progress of stem cells in orthopedics diseases. METHODS: A computer-based search of CNKI, WanFang and PubMed databases was performed for relevant articles concerning stem cell therapy for orthopedics diseases published from 2000 to 2017. Representative and innovative results were analyzed in result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Studies have shown that stem cells have advantages in the treatment of diseases involving the bone, cartilage, spinal cord injury, tendon and ligament injury, and degenerative disc disease. However, further investigations with large sample, long-term follow-up and higher evidence level are warranted. Meanwhile, a good understanding of the natural course of diseases is essential to better utilize stem cell therapy in clinical practice. Combination of stem cell therapy with traditional surgery can achieve better outcomes in patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2315-2320, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698701

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fracture of the proximal femur is common in the elderly. Biological artificial femoral head replacement is one of the main methods of surgical treatment, but in the patients with chronic renal disease, the surgical efficacy and safety are variously reported. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the middle- and short-term effects of biological artificial femoral head replacement in elderly patients with proximal femoral fracture of chronic renal disease. METHODS: Biological artificial femoral head replacement was used to treat 53 patients with proximal femoral fractures (aged 75 years and over). They were divided into two groups according to renal function: chronic renal disease group (n=25) and non-chronic renal disease group (n=28). Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative drainage volume of 24 hours, and partial and complete weight-bearing time, hospitalization time, hospitalization expenses and complications were compared between the two groups. Harris hip joint function score, dual energy X-ray bone density, prosthesis loosening, periprosthetic osteolysis and implant survival rate were compared in the two groups during follow-up. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) In the non-chronic renal disease group, one patient died of respiratory failure at 1 month after replacement, and one case was refurbished at 3 months after replacement. In the chronic renal disease group, one patient died of cardiopulmonary failure at 3 months after replacement. Other patients in both groups were followed up for 1-8 years. The repair efficacy was satisfactory. (2) The excellent and good rate of hip function Harris score was 83% and 85% at 6 months after operation in chronic renal disease group and non-chronic renal disease group, respectively (P > 0.05). (3) No significant differences in operation time, blood loss, the volume of drainage 24 hours after the operation, the partial and complete weight-bearing time and dual energy X-ray bone density were determined between the two groups. The blood transfusion was larger; hospitalization time was longer; hospitalization expenses were more in the chronic renal disease group compared with the non-chronic renal disease group. (4) Patients in the two groups experienced different degrees of osteolysis, but no obvious prosthesis loosening was found. One patient in the non-chronic renal disease group underwent revision because of repeated dislocation of the prosthesis. The survival rates of the prosthesis in the chronic renal disease group and non-chronic renal disease group were 100% and 96% respectively (P > 0.05). (5) For elderly patients with proximal femoral fracture of chronic renal disease, the biological artificial femoral head replacement obtained good repair efficacy, and the function of the limbs was improved obviously with careful preoperative preparation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 234-240, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-4-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB4HB) is a kind of polymer material that can be completely degraded, has good film-forming property and physical properties, but has poor hydrophilicity. OBJECTIVE: To prepare P3HB4HB/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coaxial electrospun scaffolds, and to investigate the physical properties and biocompatibility of scaffolds in vitro. METHODS: We prepared P3HB4HB electrospun scaffold, PVA electrospun scaffold and P3HB4HB/PVA coaxial electrospun composite scaffold, and then detected the morphology and characterization, contact angle, and tensile mechanical properties of the scaffolds. Passage 4 bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from Sprague-Dawley rats were seeded on the three kinds of scaffolds. Cell adhesion rate was detected at 1, 3, 6 hours after seeding; cell proliferation was detect at 1, 3, 5, 7 days after seeding; and cell viability was observed fluorescence staining at 7 days after seeding. Passage 4 BMSCs were seeded onto the three kinds of scaffolds followed by 14 days of osteogenic and chondrogenic induction. Then, alizarin red staining and toluidine blue staining were used to verify BMSCs differentiation potentials. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Scaffold morphology: Under the scanning electron microscope, the structure of the scaffold in each group was a three-dimensional interconnected network. The fiber diameters of P3HB4HB electrospun scaffold and P3HB4HB/PVA electrospun scaffold were homogeneous and ordered. The P3HB4HB/PVA scaffold showed an obvious core-shell structure under the transmission electron microscope. (2) Scaffold characterization: The tensile strength, tensile modulus and maximum stress of the P3HB4HB and P3HB4HB/PVA scaffolds were significantly higher than those of the PVA electrospun scaffold (P < 0.05). The contact angle of the P3HB4HB/PVA composite scaffold was less than 90°. (3) Cell adhesion rate was ranked as follows: PVA electrospun scaffold group >P3HB4HB/PVA composite scaffold group > P3HB4HB electrospun scaffold group (P < 0.05). (4) Proliferation and activity of cells: The cell proliferation of the P3HB4HB/PVA composite scaffold group was faster than that of the other two groups at 5 and 7 days (P < 0.05). There were more viable cells on the PVA electrospun scaffold and composite scaffold than on the P3HB4HB electrospun scaffold. (5) Cell differentiation: Osteogenesis and cartilage specific staining of the composite scaffold were stronger than those in the other two groups. Overall, the P3HB4HB/PVA coaxial electrospun scaffold has good biocompatibility and a certain mechanical strength.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2228-2232, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619779

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate maternal perinatal complications and neonatal outcomes after in vitro fertili zation and embryo transplantation(IVF-ET).Methods The computer retrieval was performed on the databases of PubMed,Cochrane library,EMbase,CNKI,Wanfang and Chinese biomedical literature database.The articles on the comparison between IVF and natural pregnancy were included.The RevMan5.3 software was adopted to conduct the meta analysis.Results Twenty-three articles conforming to the requirements were included,including 1 312 651 cases,among them 113 044 cases were IVF and 1 199 607 cases were naturalpregnancy.IVF mother's age was larger than that of natural pregnancy,while the gestational weeks were smaller than those of natural pregnancy,the newborn birth weight was lighter than that of natural pregnancy(P<0.05);the probability of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH),placenta previa,postpartum hemorrhage and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurrence in IVF mother were higher than that of natural pregnancy (P<0.05);the rate of multiple and cesarean section in IVF mothers were higher than that of natural pregnancy (P<0.05);the occurrence rates of small for gestational age(SGA),low birth weight infants,stillbirth and premature in IVF were higher than those of natural pregnancy (P<0.05).Conclusion The maternal perinatal complications in IVF are higher than those of natural pregnancy,and the birth outcomes in IVF are worse than those of natural pregnancy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1046-1051, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515296

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The output of computed tomography (CT) is Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), whereas the input of three-dimensional (3D) printing is an object Standard Template Library model represented by a triangular mesh. The process of data handing and forrmat conversion are keys to the combination of these two techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore how to convert CT data into a stereoscopic 3D model efficiently. METHODS:The DICOM in Medicine format data of the patients with femoral fractures were edited and produced by Mimics. We made a 3D model by adjusting the parameters of the 3D printer slicing software, and discussed the significance of 3D model in medical field, especially orthopedics. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Mimics software is the bridge to connect two-dimensional CT scan images and 3D images, to create a 3D model by editing the data of DICOM which comes from the CT scanner, with a 3D printing technology. The 3D Model can help doctors for routine clinical diagnosis and treatment, to improve the communication between doctors and patients and the quality of clinical medical teaching. 3D printing also makes medicine more personalized, remote, minimally invasive, and promote the development of medicine to the direction of digital medicine.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2740-2743,2747, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604413

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the ability for constructing tissue engineering bone in vivo in complex scaffolds with PHB‐HHx as the scaffolds material and human umbilical cord mensenchymal stem cells (hUCMCs) as the seed cells .Methods hUCM‐SCs were inoculated into PHBHHx scaffolds to induce osteogenesis culture in vivo for two weeks ,the the induced group was the experimental group and those without instilling hUCMCs served as the control group ,the nude mouse subcutaneous implantation was performed .Then taking material at 1 ,3 ,5 months after implantation in vivo was performed for conducting HE ,collagenⅠim‐munohistochemical ,alkaline phosphatase staining and RT‐PCR .Results hUCMSCs showed good cellular adsorbability .The size and form in the experimental group basically maintained the original status ,and the osteogenesis specific indicators were positive ;but the control group did not keek the original status ,its volume was gradually shrunk until complete degradation ,and the osteogen‐esis specific indicators were negative .Conclusion The PHBHHx scaffolds combined with hUCMSCs has the capability of in vivo heterotopic constructing tissue engineering bone in nude mouse by in vitro osteogenic induction .

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 937-940, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503962

ABSTRACT

Objective Negative pressure aspirator clogging ( OSAC) frequently occurs in orthopedic surgery .This study was to investigate the frequency , location , and mechanisms of OSAC in China by analysis of the current status and clinical observation of OSAC so as to provide evidence for the solution of the problem . Methods Using the two-stage random sampling method , we conduc-ted a questionnaire survey on OSAC among 738 clinical orthopedists during the 16th and 17th Chinese Orthopedic Association Confer-ences.Totally, 160 out 1200 orthopedic surgeries were randomly selected in the time order of operation , including 38 cases of total hip arthroplasty ( THA) , 39 cases of total knee arthroplasty ( TKA) , 43 cases of extremity and spinal fractures surgery , and 40 cases of other orthopedic surgeries .We also obtained the satisfaction scores with the existing aspirators from related medical professionals . Results Among the 738 respondents included into the analysis , 706 (95.7%) thought that OSAC often occurred during surgery , 631 (85.5%) considered THA to be the leading cause of OSAC , and 714 (96.7%) regarded the tip and hose joint of the aspirator as the common causes . The mean satisfaction score with the existing aspirators was 7.62 ±0.74.Clinical observation showed the mean frequency of OSAC to be 2.55 ±1.62 in THA, 1.95 ±1.33 in TKA, 1.52 ±1.18 in extremity and spinal fracture surgeries , and 0.95 ± 0.68 in other orthopedic surgeries , and the satisfaction score to be 7.36 ±0.84. Conclusion OSAC has a high incidence rate during orthopedic surgeries in China , thus affecting orthopedic surgery and reducing orthopedists'satisfaction with the aspirators . The current negative pressure aspirator system demands prompt improvement .

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6636-6642, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503379

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Autologous tissue-engineered bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s (BMSCs) transplantation is one of the most common methods of treating early osteonecrosis of femoral head, but now there is stil no any special-purpose grafter available in the market. Such surgical transplantation is a laborious, time-consuming and tedious process, which goes against its clinical promotion. OBJECTIVE:To develop a supporting, efficient, special-purpose grafter, to solve the difficulty in stem cel s transplantation during core decompression of femoral head. METHODS:CAD software was used to perform solid modeling for this special-purpose grafter and print them by three-dimensional (3D) fast printing technology. The performance of this special-purpose grafter was tested by femoral head core decompression combined with BMSCs transplantation. It was compared with traditional surgical instrument in terms of duration of operation, intraoperative blood loss, visual analogue scale (VAS) of stem cel/biological fiber col agen complex omission amount and doctor’s satisfaction score. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) A kind of special-purpose grafter was developed by 3D printing technology rapidly. (2) Compared with the control group, duration of operation, intraoperative blood loss, VAS scores and doctor’s satisfaction scores were significantly improved in the trial group (P<0.05). (3) CAD software combined with 3D printing technology is a highly efficient means for front-line clinicians to perform independent development. The research and development of this special-purpose grafter provides a perfect solution to the laborious, time-consuming and tedious process of cel/biological col agen fiber transplantation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3057-3064, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:As a noticeable tissue engineering material of polyhy droxyalka noates family, poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate)(P3HB4HB) exhibitsgood biocompatibility, adhesion and mechanicalproperties, presenting aextensive application future in tissue-engineered research. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the biocompat ibilityin vitroand ectopic osteogenic differentiationin vivoof P3HB4HB and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. METHODS:Passage 5human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transplanted ontothe three-dimensional P3HB4HB scaffoldwereincubated with osteogenic induction medium (test group)or with no osteogenic induction(control group), respectively. After 5-day incubation, thecelgrowth was assessed by acridine orange staining and scanning electron microscopy; after14-day incubation, both kinds of cel-scaffold composites were subcutaneously implanted into the nude mice. At 16 weeks after implantation, the cel-scaffold composites were removed to observeectopic osteogenic differentiationin vivousing hematoxylin-eosin staining, von Kossa staining and colagen type I immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Acridine orange staining showed that cels adhered wel on the surface of the scaffold;under thescanning electron microscope, induced celsgrew wel on the P3HB4HB scaffold and produced abundant extracelular matrixes. In addition, at 16 weeks after implantation, there were osteoidtissues in the test group, positive for von Kossa staining as wel as colagen type I immunohistochemical staining;furthermore, hematoxylin-eosin staining showednumerous osteoblasts and bone lacunas. In contrast, no bone tissues appeared in the control group. To conclude, P3HB4HB is a suitable material for bone tissue engineering.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1904-1910, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485703

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:In the treatment of tibial plateau fractures, because of the variety of fracture, the complexity of anatomical changes, X-ray films or three-dimensional CT scan limited by two-dimensional plane, increases the difficulty in preoperative plan and surgical treatment. The application of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has attracted attention in the department of orthopedics. OBJECTIVE:To explore the auxiliary role of 3D printing technique in preoperative plan and treatment for tibial plateau fractures. METHODS:Thirty patients with tibial plateau comminuted fractures were enroled in this study and divided into two groups: experimental and control groups, with 15 patients in each group. In the experimental group, patients underwent 3D CT scan, which was stored in DICOM format, and processed by Mimics software. Data were converted into STL format, entered 3D printer, and a 1:1 entity size of the fracture model was made, in accordance with repair plan of 3D fracture model. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss were compared between the two groups. At 12 months after treatment, their outcomes were assessed using Rasmussen evaluation criteria. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The 3D printing fracture models of 1:1 ratio identified fracture type and made a repair program before surgery in the experimental group. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss were significantly less in the experimental group than in the control group (P < 0.05). After surgery, patients were folowed up for 12 to 18 months. The healing time was 3-5 months, averagely 4.3 months. At 12 months after treatment, the Rasmussen evaluation criteria results showed that the excelent and good rate was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the fracture model of 3D can help to make the operation plan. The treatment of tibial plateau fractures is more precise, personalized and visual.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1920-1925, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Polyhydroxybutyrate-co-volerate (PHBV) is a noticeable tissue engineering material of polyhydroxyalkanoates family. It has the properties of low immune rejection response and good biocompatibility, and its degradation products are non-toxic. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the biocompatibility of PHBV membrane material and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s in vitro. METHODS:Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s at passage 3 were seeded upon PHBV membrane as experimental group and upon conventional culture plates as control group. Then we calculated the adherent cel number of two groups at 1, 2 and 4 hours and got the cel adherent rate. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide assay was used at days 2, 4, 6, 8 to observe the cel proliferation of two groups. Fluorimetric method with the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33258 was used to detect the DNA content of cel s at days 3, 6, 9 and 12 in both groups. After cel s were seeded upon PHBV membrane for 5 days, the cel growth upon the material was examined under a scanning electron microscope. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:When the cel s were cultured for 1 hour, the adherent rate in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group;but there were no significant differences between two groups at the other two periods. No difference was found in the cel proliferation and the DNA content between the two groups. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s seeded upon PHBV membrane for 5 days grew wel with spindle morphology and the intercel ular connections were tight and more extracel ular matrices were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Taken together, PHBV membrane material shows a good biocompatibility with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5583-5588, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The safety and efficacy of simultaneous bilateral total knee replacement or selective unilateral total knee arthroplasty in patients with severe osteoarthritis of the knees are stil controversial. OBJECTIVE:To compare safety and clinical efficacy of patients with osteoarthritis knees after simultaneous bilateral total knee replacement or selective unilateral total knee replacement. METHODS:Total y 60 cases with severe osteoarthritis of the knees (90 knees) undergoing total knee replacement were divided into unilateral total knee replacement group (n=30, 30 knees), and the simultaneous bilateral total knee replacement group (n=30, 60 knees). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There was no significant difference in the incidence of other complications such as infection, mortality, pulmonary embolism in patients of both groups (P>0.05). The incidence of cardiovascular complications, postoperative blood loss and blood transfusion were higher in the bilateral knee group than in the unilateral knee group (P0.05). However, Visual Analogue Scale scores were significantly lower in the bilateral knee group than in the unilateral group (P<0.05). These data indicated that the risk of cardiovascular complications was high in patients receiving bilateral total knee replacement. Patients with severe cardiovascular disease should avoid simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4032-4037, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Titanium and titanium aloy are used mostly in artificial joints, fracture fixation, and oral transplantation, while there are complex cases of insufficient bone mass in these areas. The deepened research of stem cels offers a solution for bone injury to promote new bone formation. The biocompatibility of titanium and stem cels and optimization of titanium surface modification have aroused people's attention. OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether the biocompatibility of titanium and human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cels can be improved by type I colagen modification of titanium sheets. METHODS:The experiment was divided into two groups. Modification group: titanium sheet was modified with type I colagen; control group: titanium sheet was not modified with type I colagen. Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cels at passage 6 were implanted into titanium sheet in two groups. Then we calculated the number of adherent cels in two groups at 1, 2 and 4 hours after implantation, and compared the celladhesion rate. MTT assay was used to observe the proliferation of cels on titanium sheet at 2, 4, 6 and 8 days after implantation. DNA and protein content of cels were detected at 3, 6, 9 days after implantation. The growth of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cels seeded upon the titanium sheets was observed under scanning electron microscope at 6 days. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:When the cels were cultured for 1 hour and 2 hours, the number of adherent cels in the modification group was higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). The absorbance of cels in two groups was increased as the culture time, as detected by MTT assay. The modification group had a significantly higher absorbance value than the control group at 4, 6, 8 days (P < 0.05). DNA and protein contents of the cels in the modification group were higher than that in control group at 6 and 9 days (P < 0.05). At 6 days, the number of adherent cels and secretion of adherent stromal cellmatrix in the modification group were significantly better than that in control group, observed by scanning electron microscopy. Type I colagen modified titanium sheets have good surface activity and biocompatibility, and can promote the proliferation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cels.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 705-708, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232226

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the distribution of genetic polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C/T, 1298A/C and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) 66A/G among ethnic Han females from Linyi, and to correlate it with serum level of homocysteine (Hcy).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional study was carried out. Oral epithelial cell samples were collected from 825 subjects. MTHFR and MTRR gene polymorphisms were determined with a Taqman-Minor Groove Binder (MGB) method. Distribution of gene polymorphisms was analyzed and compared with others regions of China including Weifang, Zhengzhou, Deyang and Hainan. A biochemical assay was also carried out to determine the total Hcy in plasma of 281 subjects. The reductase activity of MTHFR was classified into decreased and stable groups according to genetic polymorphism of MTHFR. Correlation between MTHFR groups and total Hcy level were also explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The frequencies of MTHFR677CC, CT and TT genotypes of the selected subjects were 16.7%, 48.3% and 35.0%, respectively. The frequencies of MTHFR 1298AA, AC and CC genotypes were 76.0%, 21.6% and 2.4%, respectively. And those of MTRR 66AA, AG and GG genotypes were 54.7%, 39.4% and 5.9%, respectively. For the selected subjects, their frequency of MTHFR 677TT genotype was higher than that of Deyang and Hainan (P< 0.01), whilst the frequency of MTHFR 1298CC genotype was lower than that of Deyang and Hainan (P < 0.01), and the frequency of MTRR 66 GG genotype was lower than that of Hainan (P< 0.01). (2) The Hcy level for those with decreased MTHFR activity was significantly higher than those with stable MTHFR activity (P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MTHFR gene 677C/T, 1298A/C and MTRR 66A/G polymorphisms in ethnic Han women from Linyi have differed significantly from other regions of China. Decreased MTHFR activity caused by genetic polymorphisms is a risk factor for raised Hcy level.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Alleles , Asian People , Genetics , China , Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Homocysteine , Blood , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Blood , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL