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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232223

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate polymorphisms and forensic efficiency of 22 non-binary single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred ethnic Han Chinese individuals were recruited from Dongguan, Guangdong. The 22 loci were genotyped with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine loci were found with a single allele, 4 loci were found to be biallelic, whilst 9 loci were found to have 3 alleles. For 13 polymorphic loci, the combined discrimination power and power of exclusion were 0.999 98 and 0.9330, respectively. For the 9 non-biallelic loci, the combined discrimination power and power of exclusion were 0.9998 and 0.8956, respectively. For motherless cases, the combined power of exclusion was 0.6405 for 13 polymorphic SNPs and 0.6405 for 9 non-binary SNPs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Non-binary loci have a greater discrimination power and exclusion power per SNP.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asians , Genetics , China , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Load , Genetics, Population , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 274-279, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Corneal neovascular leakage can lead to edema and secondary scarring. Previous studies have shown that pericytes play a key role in maturation of angiogenesis. The present studies investigate the relationship between vascular permeability and pericyte coverage of endothelial cells in rat corneal neovascular induced by alkali burns.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Corneal neovascular vessels induced by alkali burns was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats. Corneas were excised on 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after cauterization. The vascular permeability rate was measured by the Evans blue method. The microvessel pericyte coverage index (MPI) was applied to quantify the pericyte coverage through double immunofluorescent staining of frozen sections of corneas with CD31 as the endothelial and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) as the pericyte markers. The correlation between permeability rate and MPI was analyzed. Pericyte coverage was confirmed ultrastructually using transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The vascular permeability rate was (1.14 +/- 0.17), (0.24 +/- 0.08), (0.29 +/- 0.16), (0.14 +/- 0.10), (0.09 +/- 0.06) and (0.05 +/- 0.04) microg x ml(-1) x mm(-2) respectively on 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after cauterization. The MPI was 0, 16.07%, 11.95%, 43.84%, 73.97% and 86.21% respectively at the above mentioned time points. The correlation coefficient between MPI and the permeability rate was -0.943 (P = 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pericyte recruitment was significantly correlated with the permeability of corneal neovascularization induced by alkali burns in rats. Therapeutic strategies aiming at anti-leakage should be most effective if they promote pericytes proliferation in the course of corneal neovascularization.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkalies , Animals , Burns, Chemical , Capillary Permeability , Cell Movement , Cornea , Corneal Neovascularization , Eye Burns , Female , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Pericytes , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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