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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 379-386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the regional homogeneity (ReHo) of resting-state brain function in the healthy subjects of gastric distention treated with acupuncture at the back- and front- points of the stomach, Weishu (BL 21) and Zhongwan (CV 12) and the correlation with gastric motility so as to explore the mechanism on the central integration of the front- and back- points of the stomach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The crossover test design was adopted. Twenty-four healthy subjects were assigned to a Weishu group, a Zhongwan group and a combined-point group separately, 8 cases in each one in each of the three times. Totally, 24 subjects were included in each group. Under the water load condition, the subjects received acupuncture at Weishu (BL 21), Zhongwan (CV 12) and the combined Weishu (BL 21) and Zhongwan (CV 12). Before and after each acupuncture, the resting-state brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan and electrogastrogram (EGG) test were applied. The ReHo value was calculated in the collected fMRI imaging data. The changes in ReHo values were analyzed and compared before and after acupuncture in each group, as well as among the groups. The gastric motility was analyzed before and after acupuncture. Additionally, the correlative analysis was conducted between the gastric motility and ReHo changes before and after acupuncture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) After acupuncture, EGG amplitudes in the subjects of each group were lower remarkably as compared with those before acupuncture (all <0.01). The EGG frequencies were not different significantly as compared with those before acupuncture (all >0.05). The EGG amplitudes in the Weishu group and the Zhongwan group were higher than those in the combined-point group (both <0.05). (2) As compared with the conditions before acupuncture, acupuncture at the combined front- and the back- points as well as Weishu (BL 21) and Zhongwan (CV 12) separately all induced the changes in the brain ReHo. Acupuncture at the combined front- and the back- points significantly increased Reho values in the right inferior temporal gyrus, the left thalamus, the precuneus and the posterior cingulate gyrus (all <0.05) and remarkably reduced the ReHo values in the the middle temporal gyrus of the right temporal pole, sulcus calcarinus and precuneus (all <0.05). Compared with the single point groups, acupuncture at the combined front- and the back- points induced the increase of ReHo value in the posterior cingulate gyrus and the decrease of ReHo in the temporal pole (all <0.05). (3) The correlative analysis showed that the changes in the ReHo values in the posterior cingulate gyrus, the thalamus and the precuneus were positively correlated to the changes of the gastric motility amplitudes. The changes in the ReHo values in the temporal pole was negatively correlated to the changes of the gastric motility amplitudes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at the combined back- and front- points of the stomach, as well as acupuncture at single Weishu (BL 21) and Zhongwan (CV 12) induce the ReHo changes in the different brain regions. Acupuncture at the combined back- and front- points of the stomach may induce the ReHo changes in some new brain regions as compared with the acupuncture at the single point. The thalamus, the posterior cingulate gyrus and the precuneus may be the the important integrated brain regions for acupuncture at the back- and the front- points in regulating the gastric motility. The effects of acupuncture at the back- and the front- points for the regulation of the gastric motility are closely related to the thalamus, the limbic system and the default network of the brain regions.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Cross-Over Studies , Electroencephalography , Gastrointestinal Motility , Healthy Volunteers , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Stomach
2.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 5-7, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457568

ABSTRACT

The development of informatization and modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been restricted to some degree due to the lack of sufficient modern scientific evidence to support TCM theory. Rapid development of computer technology, information and imaging technology, which can be used to explore TCM theory and mechanism, may bring hope to solve this problem. In recent years, functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has been widely used to study TCM theory and mechanism. However, shortage of interdisciplinary talents those who possess both medical and engineering knowledge has restricted the development of fMRI research in the field of Chinese medicine. With the development of the discipline of TCM information science in TCM colleges and universities, students majoring in TCM information science will be the main source of researchers engaging in TCM fMRI researches. The flourishing development of TCM fMRI researches will cultivate a large number of talents adapting in TCM information science who will promote the construction of TCM information science.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 806-811, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243056

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the cerebral function laterality of acupuncture at left and right Hegu (LI 4) by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and provide objective evidences for side selection of Hegu (LI 4) in the clinical application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty healthy volunteers were randomly divided into a left-acupoint group and a right-acupoint group, and they were treated with acupuncture at left Hegu (LI 4) and right Hegu (LI 4) respectively. After the arrival of qi, the task-state fMRI data in both groups was collected, and analysis of functional neuroimages (AFNI) software was used to perform intra-group and between-group comparisons. After acupuncture, acupuncture feelings were recorded and MGH acupuncture sensation scale (MASS) was recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The difference of MASS between the two groups was not significant (P>0. 05). The result of left-acupoint group showed an increased signal on right cerebral hemisphere, while the right-acupoint group showed extensive signal changes in both cerebral hemispheres. The analysis between left-acupoint group and retroflex right-acupoint group showed differences in brain areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The central effect of acupuncture at left and right Hegu (LI 4) is dissymmetry, indicating right hemisphere laterality. The right lobus insularis and cingulate gyrus may be the key regions in the acupuncture at Hegu (LI 4).</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Sensation
4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 481-484, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application of 99mTc-DTPA renography in evaluating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in living donor kidney transplantation and to assess the dependence of GFR on age and gender in living kidney donors. Methods There were 212 consecutive potential donors in the study. The potential donor evaluation process included as follows: general health status, liver and kidney ultrasound, hepatitis virus infection and HLA-DR matching. If the results met the general requirements for the donor selection criteria, the GFR was measured using the 99mTc-IDTPA renography according to standard procedure (gates method). The GFR ≥ 1.33 ml/s was considered normal, < 1.17 ml/s was defined as the lower limit for donor GFR, and 1.17 ml/s ≤GFR < 1.33 ml/s further underwent measurement of creatinine clearance (CCr). If the CCr was normal, the GFR was considered normal, and otherwise, potential donors gave up kidney donation.All the donors meeting the donor selection criteria were divided into four age groups. On the other hand, the total donors were divided into the groups aged > 55 years and aged ≤ 55 years. The impact of gender and age on GFR was evaluated preoperation due to age-related changes and gender using Kendall's tau-b correlation coefficient. Results In 212 potential donors, 137 cases had a GFR ≥ 1.33ml/s, 55 cases 1.17 ml/s ≤ GFR < 1.33 ml/s and 20 cases GFR < 1.17 ml/s. Thirty-one cases of potential donors with 1.17 ml/s ≤ GFR < 1.33 ml/s gave up kidney donation due to abnormal CCr or other security considerations. 161 (56 females, 105 males) were qualified as successful donors, and the donor age was 42. 91 ± 11.90 years (range 20 to 62 years). The preoperative total GFR (ml/s) in living kidney donors was calculated as 1.51 ± 0.22 for males, it was 1.45 ± 0.18 for females respectively (P>0.05). Among the four age groups, there was no significant difference in GFR (P>0.05). The GFR in the donors aged > 55 years and aged ≤ 55 years was 1.48 ± 0.22 and 1.49 ±0.17 respectively (P>0.05). Correlation analysis revealed that the GFR in all the donors was not related with age (r = -0. 033, P = 0. 69). Also, there was no correlation between age and GFR in men and women(r= -0.053, P=0.571; r= -0.019, P=0.754). Conclusion 99mTc-DTPA renography is reliable and reproducible for the determination of GFR in living kidney donors. In view of acute donor shortage and if properly screened, kidneys with 1.17 ml/s≤ GFR < 1.33 ml/s can be used without increasing the risk to donor. The GFR is not correlated with the age and gender.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 120-122, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403140

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of reverse CT scan in eliminating the respiratory motion artifacts in the thoracic CT of the patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases(COPD).Methods Fourty patients with COPD were randomly selected and underwent chest CT examinations with the technique of GR-Helical including directive and reverse CT scans.The images were blindly evaluated by three experienced doctors.Results In 40 cases,the respiratory motion artifacts were present in 17 cases,among them,70.59%(12/17) artifacts was in lower lung field,and 64.7%(11/17) artifacts occurred in the people over 60 years of age.The rate of artifact was 35% at directive scan,while it was reduced to 7.5% at reverse scan,the image quality was improved at 27.5%.There was statistical significance in eliminating respiratory motion artifacts between two scanning method (P<0.05).Conclusion Reverse CT scanning can effectively eliminating or reducing the respiratory motion artifacts in lower lung field,it is the best choice of scanning mode in elderly patients with COPD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 402-404, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400694

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the normal configuration and size of the third ventricle in the second and third trimester fetuses in a normal population by ultrasonography. Methods The third ventricular width and configuration were obtained by antenatal ultrasonography in 765 fetuses with gestational age between 27 weeks and term.The relationship Between the width and the gestational age was analyzed.Results The third ventricle width 0~3 mm and showed the increased tendency; the correlation coefficient ( r ) between the width of the third ventricle and the gestationl week was 0.473 ( P<0.01).The third ventricle was seen as a single echogenic line in 8(4.8%) of 165 fetuses, 145(61.5%) of all fetuses had parallel echogenic lines outlining a fluid-filled lumen, the V-shaped configuration of the third ventricle was seen in 12(7.3%) of the fetuses.Conclusions The third ventricle width shows the increased tendency in the second and third trimester.The parallel echogenic line becomes the prominent ultrasonography appearance in the second and third trimester fetuses.It's usefull to observe the normal ultrasonic apperance of the third ventricle in diagnosing the fetal central nervous abnormities.

7.
Space Medicine & Medical Engineering ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579721

ABSTRACT

Objective To register two breath-hold lung volumes image from one subject with deep expiration and deep inspiration.Methods Three pairs of thoracic high resolution CT serial from three subjects were collected under two breath-hold respiration stages.The lung parenchyma of every serial was segmented using the serial segmentation algorithm.Left and right lungs were stored separately.Expiration and inspiration volume images of single lung were registered.Firstly,affine transformation parameters were found based on the anatomic flag surfaces and expiration image volume was re-sampled with affine transformation.Secondly,"Demons" algorithm was employed to register two image volumes non-rigidly.Results Two lung surfaces and the inner structures have a nice registration.The average volume overlap of two images before registration is 0.7982.After global affine transformation,it improves to 0.8936.After "Demons",it is up to 0.9544.The average descending percentage of root mean square errors is 19.83%(after the global affine transformation) and 49.43%(after the "Demons" non-rigid registration).Conclusion The intra-subject registration between two lung image volumes with large deformations described here has an effective registration result.It offers a good base to analyze the lung respiration function.

8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545875

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of MRI in diagnosis of meniscus tear of knee joint.Methods MRI manifestations of meniscus tear of knee joint were analyzed in 60 cases.Four-grade classification of meniscus injury was suggested according to Stoller's classification.Results Meniscus tear was seen in 65 menisci of 60 patients,including 15 medial tear,40 lateral tear,and 5 cases(n=10) of bilateral tear.Fifteen lateral discoid menisci were found among the 60 cases of meniscus tear.MRI revealed a accuracy of 90.8%.Thirty-nine cases were complicated by ligament injury,bone contusion,effusion of joint,fracture and meniscus cyst.Conclusion MRI can accurately diagnose meniscus tear and its complication.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543459

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of fatsuppressed fast spoiled gradient echo(FSPGR) T_1WI in detection of pancreaticdisease using the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC).Methods The pancreas were evaluated in 92 subject investigated(57normal and 35 with pancreatic disease) with fat saturation FSPGR T_1WI.The signal intensity(SI) ratio of pancreas relative to liver and spleen was quantitatively measured using regions of interest(ROIs),then qualitatively assessed by one independent observers.Results The mean values of pancreas-liver ratios and pancreas-spleen ratios between a normal and an abnormal pancreas were significantlydifferent.Thearea under ROC curve of the pancreas-liver SI ratio and the pancreas-spleen SI ratio was 0.92?0.03 and 0.91?0.04,respectively.There was no statistically significant difference between quantitative and qualitative analysis for the diagnosis of pancreatic disease when using liver as comparable standard.The sensitivity of qualitative pancreas in comparison with liver was 86.7%,while specificity was 91.2%.Conclusion When the SI ratio of pancreas-liver is used to distinguish normal from abnormal pancreas,qualitative analysis by observers is as accuracy as quantitative measurement.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542357

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the MR findings of myxoid-round cell liposarcoma of the lower extremities and to evaluate therelationship between MR findings and pathologic features. Methods MR findings of 6 myxoid-round cell liposarcomas of the lowerextremities confirmed pathologically were retrospectively reviewed,including tumor's location,size,morphology,internal architecture and signal intensity characteristics on T_1WI,T_2WI and SPIR T_2WI and the pattern of enhancement.Results All tumors were located in thedeep space among skeletal muscles of the lower extremities,with unregular shape,sharp borber and thick septal structures.Tumors werehomogeneous or heterogeneous isointense on T_1WI and hyperintense on T_2WI relative to the signal intensity of skeletal muscles and heterogeneous enhancement after the injection of GdDTPA.Conclusion MRI may lead to a correct diagnosis of myxoidround cell liposarcoma of the lower extremities.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555243

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the radiological manifestation of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome,and to provide image basis for its clinical diagnosis.Methods Twelve cases with clinically diagnosed Tolosa-Hunt syndrome from 1994 to 2002 were retrospectively studied,and CT,pre- and post-contrast MRI,DSA,and MRA were analyzed.Results The appearances in 7 of the 12 cases were positive,while the other 5 cases showed negative findings.The positive appearances included the enlargement of one side of cavernous sinus and the mass at the orbit tip,which presented soft tissue density on CT images,isointensity or slight hypointensity on T_1-weighted images and slight hypointensity,hyperintensity or isointensity on T_2-weighted images.This abnormal tissue markedly increased in density or signal intensity on enhanced CT or MRI,associated with enhancement of adjacent dura mater.Conclusion There is some abnormal radiological appearance in some cases of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.CT and MRI present important value for the diagnosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555239

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of pulmonary angiography with 16-detector row spiral CT in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE).Methods Forty-nine patients suspected of having pulmonary embolism were examined prospectively with 16-detector row spiral CT pulmonary angiography.Contrast enhanced 3-mm section thickness was used to scan the entire chest and the raw data were used to perform the reconstruction with 1-mm section thickness and multiplanar reformation (MPR).The axial images of 3-mm,1-mm section thickness,and MPR were compared.Results PE were diagnosed in 42 of 49 patients,and 352 branches were detected,including 8 left or right main pulmonary arteries,96 lobar arteries,132 segmental vessels,and 116 subsegmental arteries.For displaying the emboli in main pulmonary arteries and lobar arteries,the results of the images with 3-mm,1-mm section thicknesses and MPR were identical.But 1-mm-thick section yielded higher rate of detecting emboli in segmental and subsegmental pulmonary arteries compared with 3-mm-thick sections,and there was significant difference statistically (P0.05).Conclusion 16-detector row spiral CT pulmonary angiography is non-invasive,fast,and highly sensitive for PE,and it should be the modality of choice for the diagnosis of PE.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552445

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the usefulness of MRI in the diagnosis of adenomyosis. Methods Sagittal Turbo SE T 1WI, T 2WI, T 1SPIR and T 2SPIR MRI examination were performed on 30 cases with adenomyosis. Results The lesions in 12 cases with diffuse adenomyosis were demonstrated as diffusely thickened junctional zone (JZ) measured 10~35 mm (mean 18 mm) On T 2WI. 6 of them were of homogenous hypointensity. Another six had hyperintensive foci within the hypointensive lesions on T 2WI, and these hyperintensive foci could also be found on T 1WI in 5 lesions. 23 focal lesions (adenomyomas) in 18 cases were oval, irregular or round masses with hypointensity that were the same as the intensity of JZ on T 2WI. They were from 2.0-7.5 cm in diameter (mean 3.9 cm), and all but one showed ill-defined margins. 15 masses hadhyperintensive foci within the hypointensive lesions on T 2WI and 12 of 15 presented hyperintensity on T 1WI. The diffusely thickened JZ and focal masses correspond to the hyperplastic and hypertrophic musculature around the heterotopic endometrial islands. The hyperintensive foci were correlated with the heterotopic endometrial islands. The hyperintensive foci showed only on T 2WI corresponded to the heterotopic endometrial islands without hemorrhage. The hyperintensive foci shown on both T 2WI and T 1WI were the heterotopic endometrial islands with hemorrhage. Conclusion MRI is the modality of choice for the diagnosis of adenomyosis. T 2WI is the most useful sequence. T 2WI combining with T 1WI, T 1SPIR, and T 2SPIR can improve the accuracy in the diagnosis of adenomyosis.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546830

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate MR imaging characteristics of MELAS syndrome.Methods The clinical data and MRI features of 13 cases with MELAS syndrome were retrospectively analyzed.Results Multiple hypointense on T1WI and hyperintense on T2WI lesions were showed predominantly in the gray matter of the temporal, parietal and occipital lobes. The lesions crossed vascular boundaries. No stenosis and occlusion of main artery were displayed by MRA.Basal ganglia calcifications and cerebral atrophy with widening of ventricles were also frequent found. Increased ADC value of the leison on DWI and appearance of Lac peak on1H-MRS were useful in diagnosis.Conclusion There are some characteristics of MRI in patients with MELAS syndrome.Combined clinical informations with neuroimaging and muscle biopsy, the diagnosis of MELAS syndrome can be made correctly.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 733-736, 2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of the preoperative T staging of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers by MRI at high field strength(1.5T).Methods:The MRI data of 36 cases of primary laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancers were retrospectively staged,and compared with the clinical and postsurgical pathologic staging.Results:The accuracy of staging in each T stage of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers was:T1:92%;T2:86%;T386%;T4:100% by MRI vs.T1:100%;T286%;T3:57%;T4:22% by clinic/laryngoscope.The total accuracy of MRI and clinic/laryngoscope respectively was 92% vs 69%.P<0.05.Conclusion:MRI can correctly depict the original tumors site and invasion extension of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers by comparing T1WI and T2WI with multiplanar,consequently improve the accuracy for staging significantly.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547029

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of 31P-MR spectroscopy(31P-MRS) of benign and malignant bone and soft tissue tumors at 3.0 Tesla MR scanner.Methods 41 patients with bone and soft tissue tumors confirmed pathologically were examined with31P-MRS at 3.0 Testa MR scanner using phosphorus surface coil.The areas under the peaks of various metabolites in spectra were measured.The ratios of the other metabolites to ?-ATP,NTP and phosphocreatine(Pcr) were calculated.Intercellular pH was calculated according to the chemical shift change of inorganic phosphours(Pi) relative to Pcr.Acoording the area under the peak,the ratios of other metabolite including phosphomonoester(PME)/?-ATP,phosphodiester(PDE)/?-ATP,?-ATP/Pi,PME/NTP,PDE/NTP,Pcr/Pi and Pcr/PME related to ?-ATP,NTP(NTP=ATP+Pi+Pcr) and Pcr were calculated and dealt with SPS11.5 for Windows software package statistically through the nonparameter test of several independent samples.Results The ratios of Pcr/PME and PME/NTP in benign and malignant tumors were significantly different from those of the normal group(P

17.
Chinese Journal of Current Advances in General Surgery ; (4)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541093

ABSTRACT

Objective: Study the morphology and kinetics characters in breast diseases by using helical CT,to assess the value of differential diagnosis in benign and malignant breast diseases.Methods: Forty-three focuses in thirty-eight patients were detected by using double row detector CT with histopathologic correlation.Analyzed the characters of morphology,the time-density curve and the enhancement rate of all focuses.Results: Of the 43 focuses,breast cancers were twenty-eight and benign diseases were fifteen. There were eleven pieces and thirty-two masses.Lobulation signs and spicule signs were twelve respectively,among twenty-one malignant masses.One had spicule sign and two had lobulation sign among eleven benign mas-ses.Twenty breast cancers had Ⅲ type time-density curve,eleven benign diseases had Ⅰ type curve,and there were some overlaps on Ⅱ type curve.Enhancement rate(E) reflected the blood kinetics of breast diseases.E 1min and E 3min were better than E 3min in differentiating benign and malignant breast diseases.Conclusion:Lobulation signs and spicule signs are more often found in malignant lesions than in benign lesions.Early enhancement rate and time-density curve present some important information in differentiation.Synthesizing all these specialties can promote the diagnosis accuracy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Current Advances in General Surgery ; (4)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of different MRI sequences in the diagnosis of breast lesions. Methods:Using Philips Achieva 1.5T Nova Dual MRI with SENSE~ breast coil, MRI scanning was performed on 21 patients clinically suspected suffering from breast cancer. MRI sequences included T1WI/TSE,T2WI/TSE (turbo spin echo), short TI inversion recovery(STIR),diffusion weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI scanning THRIVE. MRI findings were compared with histopathological results. Results:The detection rates of breast lesions of the five sequences were 53.85%, 65.38%, 80.77%, 88.46% and 100%. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI scanning were 100%, 77.78%, and 92.31% respectively, which were better than other sequences in the differential diagnosis of the lesions. Conclusion:Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI scanning could accurately show the numbers of the lesions, describe the morph and size of the lesions and provide more information for the surgeons. DWIBS and STIR could detect the breast lesions more sensitively than T1WI/TSE and T2WI/TSE sequences.

19.
Chinese Journal of Current Advances in General Surgery ; (4)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging manifestations and diagnosis of hepatic hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHHT). Methods:The imaging features and clinical data of three HHHT patients were analysed and the related data were reviewed. B-type ultra-sonography, contrast enhanced CT and DSA were utilized to show the changes of the involved liver and the vessels. Results:B-type ultra-sonic graph showed abnormal blood vessels in hepatic hila. CT or DSA demonstrated intra-and extra-hepatic abnormal ectatic arteries, intrahepatic telangiectasia, cirrhosis and hepatic enlargement. Conclusion:CT might be used as one of the key measures for the diagnosis of HHHT.

20.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)1996.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542950

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of 16-slice spiral computed tomography angiography(16SCTA) and reconstruction technique in the diagnosis of vascular diseases. Methods Using 0.75 mm collimation,1mm slice thickness and 0.5mm repitition,16SCTA was performed in 100 patients with suspected vascular diseases.Reconstruction methods were multiple planar reconstruction(MPR),maximum intensity projection(MIP) and volume rendering technique(VRT). Results 65 patients were proved by pathology or DSA in 100 vascular diseases,which included cerebral aneurysm(n=8),brain arteriovenous malformation(AVM,n=2),pulmonary AVM(n=6),pulmonary artery embolism with thrombus of the lower limb vein(n=9),pulmonary sequestration(n=4),coronary artery soft plaque and / or calcification(n=20),aortic aneurysm(n=12),renal artery stenosis(n=3),superior mesenteric artery thrombus(n=2),femoral artery stenosis(n=1),soft tissue hemangioma(n=33).Three reconstruction techniques showed the size,shape and extent of the lesion and displayed the lesion in any directions.VRT could display three-dimensionally the lesion.MPR and MIP could show the thrombus of lesion,MIP and VRT could display the calcification of lesion. Conclusion Application of every 16 SCTA reconstruction technique can display clearly lesion and replace DSA in diagnosis of vascular diseases,and provides another reliable diagnostic method for patients and has clinical importance for treatment.

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