Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 412-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991154

ABSTRACT

Exhaled ammonia(NH3)is an essential noninvasive biomarker for disease diagnosis.In this study,an acetone-modifier positive photoionization ion mobility spectrometry(AM-PIMS)method was developed for accurate qualitative and quantitative analysis of exhaled NH3 with high selectivity and sensitivity.Acetone was introduced into the drift tube along with the drift gas as a modifier,and the characteristic NH3 product ion peak of(C3H6O)4NH4+(K0=1.45 cm2/V·s)was obtained through the ion-molecule reaction with acetone reactant ions(C3H6O)2H+(K0=1.87 cm2/V·s),which significantly increased the peak-to-peak resolution and improved the accuracy of exhaled NH3 qualitative identification.Moreover,the interference of high humidity and the memory effect of NH3 molecules were significantly reduced via online dilution and purging sampling,thus realizing breath-by-breath measurement.As a result,a wide quantitative range of 5.87-140.92 μmol/L with a response time of 40 ms was achieved,and the exhaled NH3 profile could be synchronized with the concentration curve of exhaled CO2.Finally,the analytical capacity of AM-PIMS was demonstrated by measuring the exhaled NH3 of healthy subjects,demon-strating its great potential for clinical disease diagnosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 796-801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989846

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role and mechanism of tubastatin A (TubA) in alleviating brain injury after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA-CPR) by inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated cell apoptosis in swine.Methods:Twenty-three conventional male white swine, weighing 33-40 kg, aged 4 to 6 months, were divided into 3 groups by random number table method: sham group ( n=6), CA-CPR group ( n=9), and TubA group ( n=8). The CA-CPR swine model was established by 9 min of electrically induced CA through pacing catheter in the right ventricle and then 6 min of CPR in the CA-CPR group. The CA-CPR swine model was established by the same method, and then a dose of 4.5 mg/kg of TubA at 5 min after resuscitation was intravenously infused in the TubA group. The serum concentrations of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100β protein (S100β) were measured using ELISA before modeling and at 1, 2, 4 and 24 h after resuscitation. Neurological deficit score (NDS) was evaluated at 24 h after resuscitation. Thereafter, the animals were euthanized, and brain cortex tissues were harvested, and the expression levels of caspase-12 and caspase-3 were measured using immunohistochemistry. Cell apoptosis index was detected by TUNEL assay. The variables among the three groups were compared with one-way analysis of variance and the Bonferroni hoc test using SPSS software. Results:Twenty-four h after resuscitation, the serum concentrations of NSE and S100β were significantly increased, and NDS was markedly elevated in the CA-CPR and TubA groups compared with the sham group (all P<0.05). Compared with the CA-CPR group, serum concentration of NSE starting 2 h after resuscitation and serum concentration of S100β starting 1 h after resuscitation were significantly decreased in the TubA group [NSE (ng/mL): (23.1±2.0) vs. (20.2±2.0) at 2 h, (28.4±2.3) vs. (23.7±1.9) at 4 h, (32.1±2.7) vs. (26.6±2.0) at 24 h; S100β (pg/mL): (2239±193) vs. (1923±101) at 1 h, (2817±157) vs. (2360±141) at 2 h, (3384±250) vs. (2691±210) at 4 h, (3965±303) vs. (3119±260) at 24 h, all P<0.05], and NDS was markedly reduced (240±30 vs. 63±44, P<0.05). At 24 h after resuscitation, brain cortex tissue detection showed that the expression levels of caspase-12 and caspase-3 were significantly increased, and cell apoptosis index was markedly elevated in the CA-CPR and TubA groups compared with the sham group (all P<0.05). However, the expression levels of caspase-12 and caspase-3 were significantly decreased [caspase-12:(7.1±0.7) vs. (4.2±0.4); caspase-3: (13.3±1.6) vs. (7.7±0.8), all P<0.05], and cell apoptosis index was markedly reduced in the TubA group compared to the CA-CPR group [(31.1±8.6) vs. (17.3±2.2), P<0.05]. Conclusions:TubA alleviates brain injury and neurological dysfunction after CA-CPR in swine, which may be related to the inhibition of cell apoptosis mediated by endoplasmic reticulum stress.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 770-774, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005991

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the correlation between CT attenuation value of renal papilla and occurrence and development of renal calculi. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 100 patients with calcium oxalate stones treated during Aug.2020 and Jul.2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 60 with primary stones, and 40 with recurrent stones. The 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the control group. CT attenuation value of renal papilla was measured with plain scan CT, and risk factors were identified with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The correlation of CT attenuation value and 24 h urine metabolism was analyzed. 【Results】 The CT attenuation value of renal papilla was significantly higher in the primary group [34.92 (IQR: 3.84)] and recurrent group [43.00 (IQR: 8.74)] than in the control group [32.58 (IQR: 5.21)] (P<0.05). Compared with the primary group, the recurrent group had decreased citric acid level but increased calcium level in 24 h urine (P<0.05). The citrate ion and calcium ion were correlated with the CT attenuation value (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Patients with high renal papilla density have a high risk of stone formation and recurrence. Increased renal papilla density is a warning signal for the development of stones. The high calcium and low citric acid in 24 h urine have certain effects on the occurrence and development of urolithiasis. Intake of calcium should be limited and citric acid should be supplemented in patients with calcium oxalate stones.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 376-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 specific activator, Alda-1, can alleviate brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by inhibiting cell ferroptosis mediated by acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4/glutathione peroxidase 4 (ACSL4/GPx4) pathway in swine.@*METHODS@#Twenty-two conventional healthy male white swine were divided into Sham group (n = 6), CPR model group (n = 8), and Alda-1 intervention group (CPR+Alda-1 group, n = 8) using a random number table. The swine model of CPR was reproduced by 8 minutes of cardiac arrest induced by ventricular fibrillation through electrical stimulation in the right ventricle followed by 8 minutes of CPR. The Sham group only experienced general preparation. A dose of 0.88 mg/kg of Alda-1 was intravenously injected at 5 minutes after resuscitation in the CPR+Alda-1 group. The same volume of saline was infused in the Sham and CPR model groups. Blood samples were collected from the femoral vein before modeling and 1, 2, 4, 24 hours after resuscitation, and the serum levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100 β protein were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At 24 hours after resuscitation, the status of neurologic function was evaluated by neurological deficit score (NDS). Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed, and brain cortex was harvested to measure iron deposition by Prussian blue staining, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) contents by colorimetry, and ACSL4 and GPx4 protein expressions by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Sham group, the serum levels of NSE and S100β after resuscitation were gradually increased over time, and the NDS score was significantly increased, brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly increased, GSH content and GPx4 protein expression in brain cortical were significantly decreased, and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly increased at 24 hours after resuscitation in the CPR model and CPR+Alda-1 groups, which indicated that cell ferroptosis occurred in the brain cortex, and the ACSL4/GPx4 pathway participated in this process of cell ferroptosis. Compared with the CPR model group, the serum levels of NSE and S100 β starting 2 hours after resuscitation were significantly decreased in the CPR+Alda-1 group [NSE (μg/L): 24.1±2.4 vs. 28.2±2.1, S100 β (ng/L): 2 279±169 vs. 2 620±241, both P < 0.05]; at 24 hours after resuscitation, the NDS score and brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly decreased [NDS score: 120±44 vs. 207±68, iron deposition: (2.61±0.36)% vs. (6.31±1.66)%, MDA (μmol/g): 2.93±0.30 vs. 3.68±0.29, all P < 0.05], brain cortical GSH content and GPx4 expression in brain cortical was significantly increased [GSH (mg/g): 4.59±0.63 vs. 3.51±0.56, GPx4 protein (GPx4/GAPDH): 0.54±0.14 vs. 0.21±0.08, both P < 0.05], and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly decreased (ACSL4/GAPDH: 0.46±0.08 vs. 0.85±0.13, P < 0.05), which indicated that Alda-1 might alleviate brain cortical cell ferroptosis through regulating ACSL4/GPx4 pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alda-1 can reduce brain injury after CPR in swine, which may be related to the inhibition of ACSL4/GPx4 pathway mediated ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase , Ferroptosis , Brain Injuries , Glutathione , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Ligases , Iron
5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 354-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Alda-1 on ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in swine.Methods:Twenty-two healthy male white swine, weighing 35-43 kg, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S, n=6), cardiac arrest-cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (group CA-CPR, n=8) and Alda-1 group ( n=8). The animals only underwent the general preparation in group S, and the swine model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was developed by 8 min of electrically induced cardiac arrest through the pacing catheter in the right ventricle followed by 8 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in CA-CPR and Alda-1 groups.Alda-1 0.88 mg/kg was intravenously injected at 5 min after resuscitation in group Alda-1, and the equal volume of vehicle was administered instead in the other two groups.Stroke volume (SV) and global ejection fraction (GEF) were measured using PiCCO before developing the model and at 1, 2 and 4 h after resuscitation (T 0-3). Venous blood samples were collected from the femoral vein to measure the concentrations of serum cardiac troponin (cTnI) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at T 0-3, and at 24 h after resuscitation (T 4). The animals were then sacrificed, and myocardial tissues in the left ventricle were harvested to measure the expression of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) (by Western blot), iron deposition (by Prussian blue staining), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) content (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) contents (by colorimetry). Results:Compared with group S, SV and GEF were significantly decreased at T 1-3, the serum concentrations of cTnI were increased at T 1-4, myocardial ACSL4 expression was up-regulated, GPX4 expression was down-regulated, iron deposition and contents of 4-HNE and MDA were increased, and the content of GSH was decreased in CA-CPR and Alda-1 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group CA-CPR, SV and GEF were significantly increased at T 2-3, the serum concentrations of cTnI were decreased at T 3-4, myocardial ACSL4 expression was down-regulated, GPX4 expression was up-regulated, iron deposition and contents of 4-HNE and MDA were decreased, and the content of GSH was increased in group Alda-1 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Alda-1 can alleviate myocardial injury after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in swine and further improve cardiac dysfunction, and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of cell ferroptosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 67-70, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of case-based learning (CBL) teaching model on the clinical teaching of standardized residency training of hepatobiliary surgery.Methods:The study selected 46 residents as the research objects who attended the standardized residency training program from January 2015 to December 2016. All the residents were randomly divided into control group ( n=22) using the traditional teaching method and experimental group ( n=24) using CBL teaching method. After the training, the teaching effect was evaluated by the assessment of theoretical knowledge and clinical skills and questionnaire survey between the two groups. Results:The theoretical knowledge and clinical skills of the residents in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group after training [ (85.2±5.9) vs. (81.2±5.6) , (85.0±5.8) vs. (81.4±3.9) ]. The questionnaire survey showed that the total satisfaction of the experimental group with CBL teaching method combined with 3D visualization technology was significantly higher than that of the teaching method of the control group (95.8% vs. 72.7%) .Conclusion:The CBL teaching method with 3D visualization technology is worth popularizing and applying in the education of standardized residency training.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 292-295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882535

ABSTRACT

With the application of high throughput sequencing and other technologies, in recent years people have found that bacteria are not only the causative factors of common breast diseases such as mastitis, but also may be involved in the occurrence and development of breast cancer. There are unique bacterial communities in the internal tissues of the breast, and their existence may be related to the incidence of breast cancer. Recent studies have found that intestinal flora may also affect the incidence of breast cancer by regulating estrogen and other pathways. Further exploration of the influence of bacteria on breast cancer will provide new ideas for diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1291-1295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of bedside ultrasound in monitoring gastric residual volume and predicting feeding intolerance during enteral nutrition in critically ill patients in intensive care unit.Methods:The data of critically ill patients admitted to emergency intensive care unit of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from April 2018 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The following patients were finally included in this study: (1) abdominal computed tomography during the stay of emergency intensive care unit was performed due to the requirement of disease evaluation and management; (2) bedside ultrasound was performed to measure the gastric antrum cross-sectional area at 30 min prior to or after abdominal computed tomography. The outline of stomach wall in the imaging of abdominal computed tomography was traced with the help of VOLUME-Work Flow medical imaging software to calculate the value of gastric residual volume. The relationship between gastric antrum cross-sectional area under semi-sitting, horizontal and right-lateral positions and gastric residual volume was evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis. The difference of gastric antrum cross-sectional area between those critically ill patients with or without feeding intolerance was compared by independent-sample t test. The predictive value of gastric antrum cross-sectional area under different body positions on feeding intolerance during enteral nutrition was analyzed by ROC curve. Results:Totally, forty-two patients were enrolled and analyzed in this study, in which the mean age was (53±13) y, mean body mass index was (21.5±2.8) kg/m 2 and mean acute physiology and chronic health evaluation was 17.0±6.9. The value of gastric residual volume was (314.5±126.6) mL, and the values of gastric antrum cross-sectional area under semi-sitting, horizontal and right-lateral positions were (7.11±4.13) cm 2, (4.22±2.66) cm 2, (8.36±4.58) cm 2, respectively. The correlation analysis indicated that gastric residual volume was positively associated with gastric antrum cross-sectional area under semi-sitting, horizontal and right-lateral positions ( r=0.543, 0.604 and 0.618, respectively; all P<0.001). During enteral nutrition, 15 patients experienced feeding intolerance while 27 patients hadn’t feeding intolerance, in which the gastric antrum cross-sectional areas under semi-sitting, horizontal and right-lateral positions were significantly increased in those patients with feeding intolerance than those patients without feeding intolerance [semi-sitting: (8.53±4.07) cm 2vs (4.60±2.76) cm 2; horizontal position: (5.15±2.75) cm 2vs (2.61±1.32) cm 2; right-lateral position: (10.32±4.06) cm 2vs (4.95±3.20) cm 2, all P<0.005] . ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curves of gastric antrum cross-sectional area under semi-sitting, horizontal and right-lateral positions for predicting feeding intolerance during enteral nutrition were 0.815, 0.833 and 0.849, respectively; when its values≥3.917 cm 2, 3.395 cm 2 and 4.402 cm 2 were used as the cut-off points, the sensitivities were 92.0%, 69.6% and 92.3%, and the corresponding specificities were 69.2%, 92.3% and 71.4%, respectively. Conclusions:Bedside gastric ultrasound could accurately evaluate the status of gastric residual volume in critically ill patients, and effectively predict their occurrence of feeding intolerance during enteral nutrition.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 530-534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778856

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system versus Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC) staging system in predicting the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 436 previously untreated patients with HCC who were admitted to The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from July 2008 to July 2013, and the staging score was determined according to the HKLC and BCLC staging systems. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the log-rank test was used to compare the cumulative survival rate between the patients with different HKLC or BCLC stages. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate the likelihood ratios (LR χ2) of the two systems. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and C-index were used to analyze the discriminability and trend of the HKLC and BCLC staging systems. ResultsThere was a significant difference in survival rate between the patients with adjacent HKLC stages (all P<0.05), and there was also a significant difference in survival rate between all patients with adjacent BCLC stages (all P<0.001), except between those with stage 0 and stage A HCC. The Cox proportional hazards model showed that the HKLC system (LR χ2=131.14) had a better homogeneity than the BCLC system (LR χ2=100.69). The C-index of the BCLC and HKLC systems was 0.703 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.675-0.731) and 0.720 (95% CI: 0.692-0.748), respectively, and there was a significant difference in C-index between the two systems (P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the AUC of 1-year cumulative survival rate between the BCLC system and the HKLC system [0.783 (95% CI: 0.745-0.821) vs 0.811 (95% CI: 0774-0849), P=0.026]. ConclusionBoth BCLC and HKLC staging systems have a good value in predicting the prognosis of HCC patients, but the HKLC staging system has a higher value than the BCLC staging system.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 530-534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778821

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system versus Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC) staging system in predicting the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 436 previously untreated patients with HCC who were admitted to The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from July 2008 to July 2013, and the staging score was determined according to the HKLC and BCLC staging systems. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the log-rank test was used to compare the cumulative survival rate between the patients with different HKLC or BCLC stages. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate the likelihood ratios (LR χ2) of the two systems. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and C-index were used to analyze the discriminability and trend of the HKLC and BCLC staging systems. ResultsThere was a significant difference in survival rate between the patients with adjacent HKLC stages (all P<0.05), and there was also a significant difference in survival rate between all patients with adjacent BCLC stages (all P<0.001), except between those with stage 0 and stage A HCC. The Cox proportional hazards model showed that the HKLC system (LR χ2=131.14) had a better homogeneity than the BCLC system (LR χ2=100.69). The C-index of the BCLC and HKLC systems was 0.703 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.675-0.731) and 0.720 (95% CI: 0.692-0.748), respectively, and there was a significant difference in C-index between the two systems (P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the AUC of 1-year cumulative survival rate between the BCLC system and the HKLC system [0.783 (95% CI: 0.745-0.821) vs 0.811 (95% CI: 0774-0849), P=0.026]. ConclusionBoth BCLC and HKLC staging systems have a good value in predicting the prognosis of HCC patients, but the HKLC staging system has a higher value than the BCLC staging system.

11.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 105-108, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754513

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep quality among emergency nurses, as well as the regulatory effects of gender on this relationship. Methods Two hundred and forty eight nurses in departments emergency of 8 tertiary general hospitals in Zhejiang province from October 2017 to February 2018 were enrolled as the respondents including 62 males and 186 females. The differences in sleep quality and PTSD among nurses of different genders were analyzed by questionnaires; the PTSD checklist and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were used to evaluate PTSD and sleep quality situations of different gender nurses; the correlations of PTSD, PSQI total score and each dimension score were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis; and the regulatory role of gender on PTSD and PSQI score were analyzed by multiple linear regression method. Results The survey showed that the positive rate of sleep disorder was 46.77% (116/248) and the positive rate of PTSD was 43.95% (109/249) in emergency nurses. The total scores of PTSD and each score of following dimensions:re-experience symptoms, avoidance symptoms, high alert symptoms, and the total scores of PSQI and each score of dimensions of sleep quality, sleep entering time, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disorders and using hypnotics of male nurses were significantly lower than those of the female nurses (total scores of PTSD: 33.94±9.36 vs. 38.05±5.69, re-experience symptoms: 9.43±2.62 vs. 10.40±2.39, avoidance symptoms: 14.85±4.43 vs. 16.54±3.69, high alertness symptoms: 9.66±2.35 vs. 11.04±2.49; total scores of PSQI: 7.39±1.42 vs. 8.32±3.52, sleep quality:0.91±0.42 vs. 1.08±0.49, sleep time: 1.82±0.77 vs. 1.69±0.69, sleep efficiency: 0.85±0.44 vs. 1.07±0.45, sleep disorders: 1.08±0.29 vs. 1.33±0.56, hypnotics: 0.23±0.08 vs. 0.46±0.12, all P < 0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that re-experience symptoms of female nurses had no significant correlations with sleep time and sleep efficiency (all P >0.05), but had significant positive correlations with other dimensions of PSQI (all P < 0.05), and the correlation coefficient was 0.22 - 0.64; in the aspect of male nurses, re-experience symptoms and hypnotic drugs, as well as high alert symptoms and sleep disorders, time function were of no correlations (all P > 0.05), but with other PSQI dimensions showed significant positive correlations (all P < 0.05), and the correlation coefficient was 0.11 - 0.43. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the re-experiencing symptoms, avoidance symptoms and high alertness symptoms were positive predictive PSQI scores (β= 0.840, 0.970, 0.500, P = 0.026, 0.012, 0.000); the relationship between re-experiencing symptoms, high alertness symptoms and scores of PSQI could be adjusted by gender (β= 0.950, 0.290, P = 0.003, 0.032), the re-experiencing symptoms and high alertness symptoms could positively predict the PSQI scores of female nurses (β= 0.440, 0.570, P = 0.017, 0.001), and were slightly worse in predicting the PSQI scores of male nurses (β= 0.390, 0.110, P = 0.004, 0.048). Conclusion The predictive effect of PTSD different dimensions on PSQI score varies with difference in gender, and compared with male emergency nurses, the stress state of female emergency nurses is more easily to reduce sleep quality.

12.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 245-249, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693487

ABSTRACT

The treatment of breast cancer is becoming more individualized and minimally invasive,which makes sentinel lymph node biopsy becoming the standard treatment for axillary in patients with early-stage breast cancer who are negative in clinical axillary lymph nodes.Tracers image sentinel lymph nodes or lymphatic vessels for the successful detection of sentinel lymph node biopsy.Tracers selection is also more diverse,such as nano carbon mixed suspension,methylene blue,radioisotope,indocyanine green,etc.Different tracers and combined applications have their advantages and limitations.As for the selection of tracing methods,many factors need to be weighed.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 114-117, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710506

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of medical three-dimensional visualization technology in preoperative precise assessment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The clinical data of 24 HCC patients were analyzed retrospectively from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016 in our department.Thin-layer 320-slice CT scaning was performed and data stored in the form of DICOM.Three dimensional reconstruction and simulated hepatectomy were conducted,and correlation test analysis was performed.Results The volume of simulated resected liver was (565 ± 296)ml,while the actual liver resection volume was(523 ± 252)ml.There was no significant difference between the predicted and the actual values (t =1.734,P > 0.05).The actual liver resection volume was positively correlated with the predicted liver resection volume (r =0.920,P < 0.05).The stimulated resection margin was (1.2 ± 0.6)cm,while the actual resected tumor margin was (1.0 ± 0.5) cm.There was no significant difference between the predicted and the actual values (t =1.853,P >0.05).The actual margin was positively correlated with the predicted one (r =0.956,P < 0.05).Conclusion The three-dimensional visualization technology has a certain degree of clinical value in the preoperative evaluation of HCC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 73-78, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive values of preoperative radiological features-intratumoral arteries and tumoral morphological classification on microvascular invasion (MVI) and on prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods A total of 220 consecutive HCC patients who underwent curative hepatectomy at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2008 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.The predictive values of preoperative radiological features and clinical data on MVI were analyzed by the univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods.The prognosis of HCC patients was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards models.Results Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression showed intratumoral arteries and tumoral morphological classification using preoperative CT[called the radiological predictorsof microvascular invasion (RPMVI)] to be independent predictors of MVI.The AUROC for RPMVI inpredicting MVI was O.830 (95% CI,O.769 ~ 0.891,P <0.05).The Cox multivariate analysis identified Child-Pugh grading,tumor size > 5 cm,RPMVI,MVI and non-anatomical liver resection to be independent risk factorsof overall survival (OS),while tumor size > 5 cm,RPMVI,MVI and non-anatomical liver resection to be independent risk factor sofre currence-free survival (RFS).The 1-,3-,and 5-year OS rates were 83.3%,61.7%,and 40.1% in patients with RPMVI and 97.1%,76.5%,and 69.6% in patients without RPMVI (P <0.05),respectively.The 1-,3-,and 5-year RFS rates were 61.9%,36.9%,and 28.4% in patients with RPMVI and 81.6%,61.9%,and 52.2% in patients without RPMVI (P < 0.05),respectively.Conclusions RPMVI is a novel radiological marker that accurately predicted histological MVI in HCC patients preoperatively.Similar to MVI,RPMVI was found to be an independent risk factor for prognosisin HCC patients,and it may provide the important information for surgical treatment planning in HCC patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1518-1522, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737865

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture in Sichuan province from 2011 to 2016. Methods The registration data of PTB in 618 townships of Liangshan from 2011 to 2016 were collected from"Tuberculosis Management Information System of National Disease Prevention and Control Information System". Software ArcGIS 10.2 was used to establish the geographic information database and realize the visualization of the analysis results. Software OpenGeoda 1.2.0 was used to conduct the analyses on global indication of spatial autocorrelation (GISA) and local indication of spatial autocorrelation (LISA). Software SaTScan 9.4.1 was used for spatio-temporal scanning analysis. Results From 2011 to 2016, the registration rate of smear positive PTB in Liangshan declined from 56.97/100000 (2666 cases) to 21.11/100000 (1038 cases). The global spatial autocorrelation coefficient Moran's I ranged from 0.25 to 0.45 and the difference was significant (all P=0.000). Local autocorrelation analysis showed that"high-high"area covered 43, 34, 37, 34, 42 and 61 townships from 2011 to 2016, respectively, mainly in Leibo county. Spatial temporal clustering analysis found one class Ⅰ clustering in the area around Bagu township of Meigu county and two class Ⅱ clustering in the areas around Liumin and Hekou township of Huili county, respectively (all P=0.000). Conclusion Obvious spatial temporal clustering of smear positive PTB distribution was found in Liangshan from 2011-2016. Hot spot areas with serious smear positive PTB epidemic and high spread risk were mainly found in northeastern Liangshan, including townships in Leibo and Meigu counties. Targeted TB prevention and control should be conducted in these areas.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 177-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510135

ABSTRACT

The understanding of the biological behavior of breast cancer has deepened, hence, local treatments for breast cancer have changed from resection to minimally invasive surgery. For patients with early breast cancer, constructing a minimally invasive interven-tion with low systemic toxicity is a problem, especially for cases involving precancerous lesions. Intraductal therapy for breast cancer, which is performed by inserting reagents through breastfeeding openings using suitable carriers, is a promising, accurate, and minimal-ly invasive method for breast cancer prevention and treatment. The combination of intraductal therapy with new therapeutic strate-gies, such as targeted therapy, endocrine therapy, and immunotherapy, might improve the therapeutic effect. Moreover, the mecha-nisms of intraductal therapy for breast cancer incorporate nanotechnology, molecular imaging, and gene sequencing. Intraductal thera-py is based on clinical and pathologic characteristics of Chinese breast cancer patients, and such characteristics must be determined prior to clinical application. This article mainly discusses the research progress of breast intraductal intervention.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1518-1522, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736397

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture in Sichuan province from 2011 to 2016. Methods The registration data of PTB in 618 townships of Liangshan from 2011 to 2016 were collected from"Tuberculosis Management Information System of National Disease Prevention and Control Information System". Software ArcGIS 10.2 was used to establish the geographic information database and realize the visualization of the analysis results. Software OpenGeoda 1.2.0 was used to conduct the analyses on global indication of spatial autocorrelation (GISA) and local indication of spatial autocorrelation (LISA). Software SaTScan 9.4.1 was used for spatio-temporal scanning analysis. Results From 2011 to 2016, the registration rate of smear positive PTB in Liangshan declined from 56.97/100000 (2666 cases) to 21.11/100000 (1038 cases). The global spatial autocorrelation coefficient Moran's I ranged from 0.25 to 0.45 and the difference was significant (all P=0.000). Local autocorrelation analysis showed that"high-high"area covered 43, 34, 37, 34, 42 and 61 townships from 2011 to 2016, respectively, mainly in Leibo county. Spatial temporal clustering analysis found one class Ⅰ clustering in the area around Bagu township of Meigu county and two class Ⅱ clustering in the areas around Liumin and Hekou township of Huili county, respectively (all P=0.000). Conclusion Obvious spatial temporal clustering of smear positive PTB distribution was found in Liangshan from 2011-2016. Hot spot areas with serious smear positive PTB epidemic and high spread risk were mainly found in northeastern Liangshan, including townships in Leibo and Meigu counties. Targeted TB prevention and control should be conducted in these areas.

18.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 1583-1588, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666765

ABSTRACT

The electrospray ionization-ion mobility spectrometric (ESI-IMS) technique has the potential as an analytical separation tool in analyzing polypeptides and amino acids for fast screening unknown samples in anti-chemical and biological terror attacks. A method for detecting several polypeptides and amino acids was developed based on ESI-IMS using air as drift gas at room temperature. The ion mobility of four amino acids and two polypeptides dissolved in methanol was determined on the system at elution rate of 2 mL/ min. The spectra of these compounds had characteristics of finger-printing maps. The limit of detection of this instrument for Substance P could reach 855 ng / mL in 1 min. The results showed that a small, self-contained ESI-IMS instrument with reservoirs of air could be used to quickly detect and accurately identify polypeptides and amino acids.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 228-230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511315

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ELISA kit for detection of IgG antibodies against Taenia solium cysticercus in hu-mans,so as to provide a reference for its application in clinical practice. Methods The sera collected from the patients with neurocysticercosis,echinococcosis,taeniasis and healthy people,respectively,were checked by ELISA for specific IgG anti-bodies against T. solium cysticercus,as described in the instruction of the kit. Results Of the 30 patients with neurocysticerco-sis at active stage,28 showed seropositive reaction,indicating a sensitivity of 93.33%. There were no positive reactions in the 100 healthy people. Two of the 42 persons with taeniasis were seropositive with an infection rate of 4.76%. Forty-one of the 60 persons with echinococcosis showed positive reactions,suggesting that the cross reaction rate of the kit with echinococcosis was 68.33%. Conclusions The assessed ELISA kit has a reasonably high sensitivity but a poor specificity,and the cross reaction rate with echinococcosis is very high. It is urgent to improve the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic kit for detection of T. solium cysticercosis in China.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 835-837, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489546

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of skin rash caused by epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI).Methods The clinical randomized controlled trials of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of EGFR-TKI-induced skin rash which published in domestic journals were selected.The quality assessment of included literature was made by Jadad score,RevMan 5.2 software was used to make Meta-analysis.Results A total of 6 studies met the inclusion criteria,the 6 studies included 248 patients,133 cases in the treatment group,115 cases in the control group.All patients were 30 to 75 years old.Compared with the control group,the combined OR value of the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of EGFR-TKIinduced rash was 7.51,with 95 % confidence interval 4.46-12.65.Conclusions Meta-analysis shows that the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of EGFR-TKI-induced skin rash is better than Western medicine,and no adverse reactions.It can be widely used in clinical practice.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL