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Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 510-523, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982391


Foreign body reactions induced by macrophages often cause delay or failure of wound healing in the application of tissue engineering scaffolds. This study explores the application of nanosilver (NAg) to reduce foreign body reactions during scaffold transplantation. An NAg hybrid collagen-chitosan scaffold (NAg-CCS) was prepared using the freeze-drying method. The NAg-CCS was implanted on the back of rats to evaluate the effects on foreign body reactions. Skin tissue samples were collected for histological and immunological evaluation at variable intervals. Miniature pigs were used to assess the effects of NAg on skin wound healing. The wounds were photographed, and tissue samples were collected for molecular biological analysis at different time points post-transplantation. NAg-CCS has a porous structure and the results showed that it could release NAg constantly for two weeks. The NAg-CCS group rarely developed a foreign body reaction, while the blank-CCS group showed granulomas or necrosis in the subcutaneous grafting experiment. Both matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were reduced significantly in the NAg-CCS group. The NAg-CCS group had higher interleukin (IL)-10 and lower IL-6 than the blank CCS group. In the wound healing study, M1 macrophage activation and inflammatory-related proteins (inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), IL-6, and interferon-‍γ (IFN-‍γ)) were inhibited by NAg. In contrast, M2 macrophage activation and proinflammatory proteins (arginase-1, major histocompatibility complex-II (MHC-II), and found in inflammatory zone-1 (FIZZ-1)) were promoted, and this was responsible for suppressing the foreign body responses and accelerating wound healing. In conclusion, dermal scaffolds containing NAg suppressed the foreign body reaction by regulating macrophages and the expression of inflammatory cytokines, thereby promoting wound healing.

Animals , Rats , Swine , Interleukin-6 , Macrophage Activation , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Wound Healing , Foreign-Body Reaction , Foreign Bodies , Chitosan
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1230-1233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991508


Objective:To explore the application of Miller's pyramid theory combined with Bahrain's team activities in the standardized residency training (SRT) of burn surgeons.Methods:Seventy-four residents who were on the SRT program in the Department of Burns & Wound Care in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University were enrolled in the study. The students were divided into control group and observation group according to the teaching methods. Thirty-seven students in the control group were provided with conventional teaching, and 37 students in the observation group were provided with training based on Miller' pyramid theory combined with Bahrain's team activities. The two groups were evaluated for teaching effectiveness and doctor-patient communication skills. SPSS22.0 was used for the chi-square test and t test. Results:The evaluation outcome of teaching effectiveness in the observation group was better than that in the control group ( t=3.01, 3.47, 3.49, 3.32, and 2.54; P=0.004, 0.001, 0.001, 0.001, and 0.013). After the training, the scores of Set Elicit Give Understand End scale in the two groups increased, with significantly higher scores achieved in the observation group than in the control group ( t=3.23, 2.99, 2.07, 3.62, 3.00, and 7.89; P=0.002, 0.004, 0.042, 0.001, 0.004, and <0.001). Conclusion:The application of Miller's pyramid theory and Bahrain's team activities in the SRT of burn surgeons can improve students' evaluation of teaching effectiveness and improve their doctor-patient communication skills.

Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 255-258, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480274


Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) was developed on the basis of 128 randomized controlled clinical studies by a group of experts led by Kondrup from the European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN).As the first evidence-based nutritional screening tool worldwide,NRS 2002 has been recommended for nutritional risk assessment of hospitalized patients in Europe for the addition of disease metabolism and its simplicity.In this article,we reviewed the increasing applications of NRS 2002 in China,pointed out the existing problems and made several suggestions on improvement for popularization and standardization of its clinical use.