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1.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 257-261, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494333

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of endovascular treatment of vertebral basilar artery dissecting aneurysms. Methods The clinical data of 40 patients with vertebral basilar artery dissecting aneurysm admitted to Beijing Xuanwu Hospital and Haidian hospital,Capital Medical University from August 2013 to September 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Their clinical symptoms and imaging were followed up. According to the treatment methods,they were divided into either a stent-assisted coil emboliza-tion group (group A;n = 34)or a parent artery occlusion (group B;n = 6),and according to the clinical symptoms and imaging followed-up,the efficacy was assessed at 1 year after procedure. Results The patients were followed up for 1 year after procedure,29 patients (85. 3%)were improved in group A, 1 (2.9%)was stable,and 4 (11. 8%)deteriorated. All the 4 deteriorated patients died of cerebral infarction complications (at 1 week to 6 months after procedure). The 6 patients in group B were improved compared with before procedure. No intracranial hemorrhage and ischemic events occurred. Conclusion Using the stent-assisted coil embolization technique and the parent artery occlusion technique for the treatment of the vertebral basilar artery dissecting aneurysms are relatively safe and effective.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 89-94, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488154

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations and imaging features of dural arterio-venous fistula of super petrosal venous drainage and treatment. Methods From May 2013 to September 2014,9 patients with petrosal vein drained dural arteriovenous fistula at the Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital,Capital Medical University and the Department of Neurosurgery,Beijing Haidian Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. The patients were treated with endovascular embolization or microsurgery,and the MRI and DSA examinations were improved,and the scores of the modified Aminoff&Logue scale (ALS) were performed before and after treatment. Results In the 9 patients,there were 3 females and 6 males. They all had different degrees of limb sensory and motor abnormalities,7 of them also had urination and/or bowel disorders,4 had cranial nerve dysfunction,including hoarseness,bucking,hiccup,and paralysis. Six patients received embolization treatment,3 received microsurgery,and they all achieved anatomic cure. The preoperative ALS score was 6. 0 ± 2. 7,and the score at 3 months after procedure was 2. 8 ± 1. 7. There was significant difference between before and after treatment (t=4. 816,P<0. 05). Conclusions The petrosal vein drained dural arteriovenous fistula is a kind of rare cerebrovascular malformation. The lesion involves a wide range. The clinical manifestations are severe. Both endovascular embolization and microsurgery can achieve a more ideal therapeutic effect. If the vascular condition is permitted,the interventional embolization treatment should be preferred.

3.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4101-4106, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone cement has certain toxic effects on the human body. The probability of renovation is high after bone cement total hip arthroplasty. It is reported that the long-term effect of cementless total hip arthroplasty is apparently better than bone cement total hip arthroplasty, and can be renovated conveniently. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the clinical effect of cementless total hip arthroplasty on hip joint disease, and to compare the difference between unilateral replacement and bilateral replacement. METHODS: Clinical and folow-up data of 233 patients (280 hips), who were treated with cementless total hip arthroplasty in the Department of Orthopedics, Wuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from July 2007 to December 2013, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the replacement program, they were divided into unilateral replacement group (n=186) and bilateral replacement group (n=47). Harris score of hip joint, visual analog scale score of thigh pain, the excelent and good rate of hip joint during final folow-up and complications were compared between the two groups before replacement, at 6, 12 and 24 months after replacement. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:No significant difference in Harris scores was detected before replacement, at 6, 12 and 24 months after replacement (P > 0.05). Harris score was significantly higher at 6, 12 and 24 months after replacement compared with that before replacement in both groups (P 0.05). No significant difference in the visual analog scale score was seen before replacement, at 6, 12 and 24 months after replacement (P > 0.05). Visual analog scale scores were significantly lower at 6, 12 and 24 months after replacement than that before replacement in the two groups (P 0.05). These findings confirm that the effects of cementless total hip arthroplasty for hip joint disease are evident, can effectively restore hip joint function. No significant difference was detected between unilateral replacement and bilateral replacement. Strict replacement operation and matching of prosthesis and medulary cavity can effectively reduce thigh pain after replacement.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 641-645, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473755

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the risk factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA)infection and homology of PA isolated from nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients undergoing radiotherapy,and prevent and control the spread of in-fection.Methods Bacteria isolated from clinical specimens were identified by BD Phoenix automated microbiology system. Gene homology were analyzed with randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)technique.Results Forty-nine strains of PA were mainly isolated from 43 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients,the major specimens were nasopharyngeal swab (46.94% ),sputum(32.65% ),and oral secretion (10.20% ).All these strains were amplified 46 electrophore-sis diagrams,and 19 genotypes were identified. The highly homologous genotypes of type H and J strains were mainly isolated from patients in the second section (57.14% ,4/7)and fourth section (60.00% ,3/5)of radiotherapy department respectively. Conclusion Localized epidemic of highly homologous PA exists in different sections of ward,transfer of patients between different sections is the risk factor for homology PA infection/colonization. Gen-otyping technique such as RAPD for analyzing the homology of pathogenic bacteria in healthcare-associated infection has important value in preventing and control Ling infection spread.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 473-475, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389621

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the fixed-effects of the treatment using transarticular screw joint lateral mass screw unilateral bi-direction fixation through posterior midline approach.Methods 16 patients,12 patients with traumatic fracture-dislocation and 4 patients with cervical disc herniation with spinal stenosis,were treated with transarticular screw(caudad) joint lateral mass screw (cephalad)unilateral bi-direction fixation in the posterior cervical.Results 32 transarticular screws were implanted,including C4-5 8 pieces,C5-6 12 pieces,C6-7 12 pieces;36 lateral mass screws were implanted,including C2 13 pieces,C3 14 pieces,C4 9 pieces.All screws were successfully implanted in operation,without injuries and other complications in vertebral artery,nerve root and spinal cord.16patients were followed up for averaged 18 months ( 10 - 30 months).Surgical incisions reduced by half than traditional ,fusion time were 2.0 to 4.5 months for an average of 3.1 months.Conclusions When through theposterior fixed cervical spine,used transarticular screw joint lateral mass screw unilateral bi-direction fixation,fixed simply and reliably,reduced internal fixation materials for implantation,reduced operative time,increased bone bed area,the bone fusion rate was high,reduced the length of surgical incision,reduced the blood vessels,nerve root injury risk ,reduced complications such as axial symptoms ,saved medical expenses,achieved good results.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 782-784, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment of open vertebreplasty for unstabilized thoracic-lumbar fracture. Methods From September 2003 to May 2007, there were 31 patients of thoracic-lumbar burst fracture who had undergone operation and had been followed. According to the Denis classification, all the patient were burst fracture with the involvement of middle column. All of them were undergone posterior short segment transforminal interbody fusion and vertebreplasty filled with phosphate calcium bone cement. Results All of 31 patients had undergone operation successfully. The interbody were removed when fracture healed. There was no loss of vertebral height, no degenerative change of adjacent segment. They were followed for 9~35 months, the average was 24.2 month. 2 of 31(6.4%) were found collapse of the fracture vertebrae, 1 was found kyphosis and failure fusion, which led another operation. The reason may be the severe burst of vertebrae, insufficient filling of phosphate calcium bone cement or bearing weight early stage. Of all other patients, CT scan showed sufficient decompression of fracture vertebraes, retained height of fracture vertebraes and no collapse. There was no obvious difference between height of fracture vertebrae and normal vertebrae (P0.05). The loss of correction of kyphosis was not obvious. Conclusion posterior short segment transforminal interbody fusion and vertebreplasty filled with phosphate calcium bone cement is a effective treatment for unstabilized thoracic-lumbar fracture. The pain is relieved after operation, patient can exercise on the ground in the early stage, and the quality of life is improved.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the distributive characteristics of the pathogens of the bacterial infectious diseases in Wuzhou,and to provide the basis for prevention and therapy of the infectious diseases.METHODS The VITEK-ATB system,BDPhoenix100 system,API system and CHROMagar were used to appraise the pathogens,which were from the bring up of doubtful infectious disease specimens.RESULTS The positive rate of 4 878 pathogenic test was 32.10%.The Gram-negative bacilli were the major(63.96%) from the 1 623 strains of pathogens isolated.The main composition of pathogen spectrum was Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae,Staphylococcus aureus,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Acinetobacter baumannii,Candida albicans,Enterococcus faecalis,Staphylococcus haemolyticus,Enterobacter cloacae,and Staphylococcus epidermidis.The distribution of main pathogens had different characteristics in different season and different infectious diseases.CONCLUSIONS Strengthening the test of pathogens in the doubtful infectious diseases and understanding the characteristics of local pathogen spectrum and the transitional current of infections in time,significantly influence on prevention and therapy of the infectious diseases.

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