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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604924


Objective To explore the therapeutic efficacy of percutaneous compression plate internal fixation in the treatment for elder-ly patients with interchanteric fractures. Methods All 17 patients with interchanteric fractures from March 2012 to January 2013 were trea-ted with percutaneous compression plate internal fixation(Fracture classification:type A1. 2 with 3cases,A1. 3 with 4cases,A2. 1 with 6 ca-ses,A2. 2 with 3 cases,A2. 3 with 1 case). After operation,the patients did functional exercises at the early stage. Then the efficacy were e-valuated and analyzed. Results Operation time was 30~80 min,with average time 50 min, blood loss was (40~100) mL,with average volume 60 mL,time of X-ray exposure was 12~22 s,with average time 20 s. All 17 patients were followed up for 3~18 months. Postoperative function were evaluated according to Harris Hip Score,15 cases were excellent,and 2 cases were good,the excellent and good rate was 100%. Conclusion Percutaneous compression plate internal fixation is suitable for the elderly patients of interchanteric fractures,with shorter oper-ation time,less blood loss,reliable fixation and less complications.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416247


Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of anxiety, depression, insomnia and other psychological and physical symptoms after trazodone treated in patients with alcohol dependence. Methods 100 patients whose met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into trazodone group and the placebo group with a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled method. Each of the patients was oral trazodone, or placebo 3 times a day, each time a course of treatment was 8 weeks. Hamilton Anxiety Scale ( HAM A) , Hamilton Depression Rating Scale(HAMD) , Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) , side effects scale (TESS) score and the necessary examinations were used to assess. Survey the re-drink situation after 1 year. Results 81 patients completed treatment, 19 patients were discharged or lost due to early treatment failure loss. In Trazodone group (41 cases) , the HAMA, HAMD and PSQI score before treatment and after treatment, total scores decreased gradually after 2 weeks of the three score and comfort dose group (40 cases) were the difference was statistically significant (P 0. 05 ). Conclusion Improve trazodone treat alcohol dependence withdrawal anxiety, depression and insomnia effectively. Found no adverse drug reactions and the safety is high. Reduce the recovery drink.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386346


Objective To study the impact of depression disorder in patients after coronary stent implantation on incidence rate of in-stent restenosis (ISR) in the coronary heart disease( CHD ), and its possible pathophysiological mechanisms. Methods According to the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24) and Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS) score,95 patients with unstable angina received coronary drug-eluting stent implantation combined with depression disorder were serve as the study group; randomly selecte 246 cases without depression due to unstable angina pectoris after coronary stent implantation as the control group in the same period. The incidence rate of ISR in these two group were observed, and serum aldosterone ( ALD), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) ,Leptin levels in two groups were compared. Results The incidence rate of ISR in study group were significantly higher than that of the control group (28/95 vs 46/246, P<0. 05). Following with the aggravation of depression disorder,the incidence rate of ISR were elevated( χ2 =8. 148, P=0.017). Serum ALD,hs-CRP and Leptin levels of study group were significantly higher than the control group 7 days later after drug-eluting stent implantation ( ALD:277.4 ± 35.9 vs 258.9 ± 60.9, t= 3. 459, P= 0. 001; hs-CRP: 12.03 ± 3.06 vs 11.10 ±2. 806, t = 2.573, P = 0.008; Leptin:5.27 t 1.07 vs 4.98 ± 0.99, t= 2.323, P= 0.021 ). Pearson correlation analysis showed that its HAMA-24 score was positively correlated with serum ALD ,hs-CRP and Leptin( r=0.291,P=0.026; r=0.350, P=0.014; r=0. 312, P=0.023) ,and SDS score was positively correlated with hs-CRP( r=0. 302, P= 0. 020). Conclusion Serum ALD, hs-CRP and Leptin levels are higher in patients after coronary stent implantation combined with depression in patients, and the incidence rate of ISR is also higher in these patients, and the rates are elevated according to the aggravation of depression disorder.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556887


Objective To design and construct a new bionic scaffold of nucleus pulposus tissue engineering. Methods The collagen-hyaluronic acid (HyA) matrices were prepared, and mixed with Collagen type Ⅱ (pH 1-2) and lyophilized. 6-chondroitin sulfate (CS) was covalently attached to collagen using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). Afterwards the initial structure of bionic scaffolds was evaluated. Results The bionic scaffolds were porous structure, of which the pore size was 89-132 ?m, the porosity was 94.8%. Water-binding capacity of resulting matrices was 79.2%, and the denaturation temperature was 74.6 ℃. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content was 224 mg/g, and the elastic modulus was 0.673 MPa. Conclusion Composition and tissue structure between the scaffolds are similar to the extracellular matrices of nucleus pulposus. The bionic scaffold is an ideal scaffold material of nucleus pulposus tissue engineering in structure. Further experiment is required on the biocompatibility of the novel scaffolds.