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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926112

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The composition of the microbiota in the esophagus is only partially understood, especially in patients with achalasia. We aim to investigate the esophageal microbial community and nutritional intakes in patients with achalasia before and after peroral endoscopicmyotomies (POEM). @*Methods@#Twenty-nine patients were prospectively enrolled from 4 referral institutions across Korea. We collected esophageal samples (mucosal biopsies and retention fluid) and conducted dietary surveys for nutritional intake before and 8 weeks after POEM. The esophageal microbiota was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing targeting the V3-V4 region. @*Results@#Out of the 105 samples from 29 patients, 99 samples were subjected to microbial bioinformatic analysis after quality control, which excluded samples with no amplification or low-quality sequence data. The overall esophageal microbial compositions of patientswith achalasia showed that Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Fusobacteria were the dominant phyla, representing over 95% of the total phyla in all groups. At the genus level, Streptococcus was the most abundant in all groups. The observed operational taxonomic unit number was significantly higher in the retention fluid than in the tissue biopsies. However, the esophageal microbial composition showed no significant changes 8 weeks post POEM. The dietary survey analysis showed that nutritional intake significantly improved post POEM. @*Conclusion@#This study determined the unique esophageal microbial composition of patients with achalasia, and also found that the microbial composition did not significantly change after POEM in the short-term, despite a significant improvement in the nutritional intake.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926111

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To analyze various adverse events (AEs) related to the peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) procedure and to analyze whether these AEs are related to an extended hospital stay. @*Methods@#Patients admitted for POEM for esophageal motility disorders from August 2012 to February 2020 at 5 centers were retrospectively collected. Length of hospital stay, AEs during or after the POEM procedure were analyzed. @*Results@#Of the 328 patients, 63.1% did not have any AEs, but 2.4% had major AEs, and 33.4% had minor AEs. Major AEs included mucosal injury, bleeding, and hemothorax, accounting for 1.5%, 0.6%, and 0.3%, respectively. Among the minor AEs, pneumoperitoneum was the most common gas-related AEs. Among non-gas-related minor AEs, pneumonia was the most common at 4.6%, followed by pain, fever, and pleural effusion. All major AEs had meaningful delayed discharge and significantly extended hospital stay compared to the no AEs group (median differences range 4.5-9.0 days). Among gas-related minor AEs, except for 4 cases of emphysema, the extended hospital stay was meaningless. All non-gas-related minor AEs was associated with a significant prolongation of hospital stay compared to that in the no AEs group (median differences range 2.0-4.0 days). @*Conclusions@#In conclusion, most gas-related minor AEs do not significantly affect the patient’s clinical course. However, subcutaneous emphysema and minor non-gas related AEs such as pneumonia, pain, fever, and pleural effusion can prolong the hospital stay, therefore careful observation is required. Efforts will be made to reduce major AEs that significantly prolong hospitalization.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 225-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874587

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Some cases of gastric low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) on forceps biopsy (FB) are diagnosed as gastric cancer (GC) after endoscopic resection (ER). This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of ER for gastric LGD and HGD on pretreatment FB and to identify the factors that predict pathologic upstaging to GC. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent ER for LGD and HGD on pretreatment FB from March 2005 to February 2018 in 14 hospitals in South Korea were enrolled, and the patients’ medical records were reviewed retrospectively. @*Results@#This study included 2,150 cases of LGD and 1,534 cases of HGD diagnosed by pretreatment FB. In total, 589 of 2,150 LGDs (27.4%) were diagnosed as GC after ER. Helicobacter pylori infection, smoking history, tumor location in the lower third of the stomach, tumor size >10 mm, depressed lesion, and ulceration significantly predicted GC. A total of 1,115 out of 1,534 HGDs (72.7%) were diagnosed with GC after ER. Previous history of GC, H. pylori infection, smoking history, tumor location in the lower third of the stomach, tumor size >10 mm, depressed lesion, and ulceration were significantly associated with GC. As the number of risk factors predicting GC increased in both LGD and HGD on pretreatment FB, the rate of upstaging to GC after ER increased. @*Conclusions@#A substantial proportion of LGDs and HGDs on pretreatment FB were diagnosed as GC after ER. Accurate ER procedures such as endoscopic submucosal dissection should be recommended in cases of LGD and HGD with factors predicting pathologic upstaging to GC.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900399

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#As there is insufficient evidence for a relationship between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we investigated whether OSA diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) is related to GERD. @*Methods@#A total of 402 subjects was evaluated. Overnight PSG was performed and a few questionnaires on GERD, anxiety, depression, and daytime sleepiness were administered. An apnea-hypopnea index < 5 was the classification criterion for subjects without OSA.Subjects with heartburn or acid regurgitation at least once a week were classified as having GERD. @*Results@#Among the 402 subjects, 318 had OSA and 84 did not. The prevalence of GERD was 12.9% among patients with OSA and 10.7% among those without (P = 0.590). The prevalence of GERD did not correlate with OSA severity (P = 0.474). Patients with OSA with GERD had higher Stanford Sleepiness Scale (P = 0.004), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (P = 0.001), and depression (P < 0.001) scores than patients with OSA without GERD. Subjects with nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux symptoms had a higher body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and waist circumference-to-height index than those without symptoms. Multiple logistic regression showed that higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale and depression scores were independent factors associated with GERD in patients with OSA. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of GERD in patients with OSA was 12.9%. The prevalence of GERD did not correlate with OSA severity. Daytime sleepiness and depression seem to be associated with GERD in patients with OSA, while nocturnal reflux symptoms seem to be related to obesity in OSA.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 528-536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898438

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Point mutations in the 23S ribosomal RNA gene have been associated with Helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance. This study aimed to detect the prevalence of these point mutations and to investigate the role of different point mutations in the success of eradication therapy. @*Methods@#We retrospectively investigated a total of 464 consecutive patients who underwent an endoscopic examination and dual-priming oligonucleotide-based multiplex polymerase chain reaction for H. pylori between June 2014 and October 2019. For 289 patients with negative point mutations, standard triple therapy was used in 287 patients, and the bismuth-quadruple regimen was used in two patients. For 175 patients with positive point mutations (A2142G, A2143G, and both mutations), standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies were used in 37 patients and 138 patients, respectively. @*Results@#The eradication rates of standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies showed no significant difference in mutation-negative patients or those with the A2142G point mutation.However, the eradication rate with bismuth-quadruple therapy was significantly higher than that with standard triple therapy in the group with the A2143G mutation or with the double mutation.The eradication rates for standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies, respectively, were 25.8% and 92.1% in the per-protocol group (p<0.001) and 24.2% and 85.2% in the intention-totreat analysis (p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The A2143G point mutation is the most prevalent cause of clarithromycin resistance. Bismuth-quadruple therapy is superior to standard triple therapy in patients with the A2143G or double point mutation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895866

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are widely used for contraception in South Korea. However, several complications of IUDs have been reported, including inflammation, obstruction, perforation, and fistula. IUD perforation is the rarest of these complications but is also severe. Migrated IUDs can be retrieved through endoscopy, laparoscopy, or laparotomy. Presented below is an atypical case of an IUD perforating the sigmoid colon, which could not be removed endoscopically, and was subsequently incompletely removed through laparoscopic surgery. The present case underlines the importance of appropriate diagnosis and treatment approach in the management of IUD perforation.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892695

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#As there is insufficient evidence for a relationship between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we investigated whether OSA diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) is related to GERD. @*Methods@#A total of 402 subjects was evaluated. Overnight PSG was performed and a few questionnaires on GERD, anxiety, depression, and daytime sleepiness were administered. An apnea-hypopnea index < 5 was the classification criterion for subjects without OSA.Subjects with heartburn or acid regurgitation at least once a week were classified as having GERD. @*Results@#Among the 402 subjects, 318 had OSA and 84 did not. The prevalence of GERD was 12.9% among patients with OSA and 10.7% among those without (P = 0.590). The prevalence of GERD did not correlate with OSA severity (P = 0.474). Patients with OSA with GERD had higher Stanford Sleepiness Scale (P = 0.004), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (P = 0.001), and depression (P < 0.001) scores than patients with OSA without GERD. Subjects with nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux symptoms had a higher body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and waist circumference-to-height index than those without symptoms. Multiple logistic regression showed that higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale and depression scores were independent factors associated with GERD in patients with OSA. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of GERD in patients with OSA was 12.9%. The prevalence of GERD did not correlate with OSA severity. Daytime sleepiness and depression seem to be associated with GERD in patients with OSA, while nocturnal reflux symptoms seem to be related to obesity in OSA.

8.
Gut and Liver ; : 528-536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890734

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Point mutations in the 23S ribosomal RNA gene have been associated with Helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance. This study aimed to detect the prevalence of these point mutations and to investigate the role of different point mutations in the success of eradication therapy. @*Methods@#We retrospectively investigated a total of 464 consecutive patients who underwent an endoscopic examination and dual-priming oligonucleotide-based multiplex polymerase chain reaction for H. pylori between June 2014 and October 2019. For 289 patients with negative point mutations, standard triple therapy was used in 287 patients, and the bismuth-quadruple regimen was used in two patients. For 175 patients with positive point mutations (A2142G, A2143G, and both mutations), standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies were used in 37 patients and 138 patients, respectively. @*Results@#The eradication rates of standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies showed no significant difference in mutation-negative patients or those with the A2142G point mutation.However, the eradication rate with bismuth-quadruple therapy was significantly higher than that with standard triple therapy in the group with the A2143G mutation or with the double mutation.The eradication rates for standard triple and bismuth-quadruple therapies, respectively, were 25.8% and 92.1% in the per-protocol group (p<0.001) and 24.2% and 85.2% in the intention-totreat analysis (p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The A2143G point mutation is the most prevalent cause of clarithromycin resistance. Bismuth-quadruple therapy is superior to standard triple therapy in patients with the A2143G or double point mutation.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903570

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are widely used for contraception in South Korea. However, several complications of IUDs have been reported, including inflammation, obstruction, perforation, and fistula. IUD perforation is the rarest of these complications but is also severe. Migrated IUDs can be retrieved through endoscopy, laparoscopy, or laparotomy. Presented below is an atypical case of an IUD perforating the sigmoid colon, which could not be removed endoscopically, and was subsequently incompletely removed through laparoscopic surgery. The present case underlines the importance of appropriate diagnosis and treatment approach in the management of IUD perforation.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833835

ABSTRACT

Esophageal achalasia is a primary motility disorder characterized by insufficient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation and loss of esophageal peristalsis. Achalasia is a chronic disease that causes progressive irreversible loss of esophageal motor function. The recent development of high-resolution manometry has facilitated the diagnosis of achalasia, and determining the achalasia subtypes based on high-resolution manometry can be important when deciding on treatment methods. Peroral endoscopic myotomy is less invasive than surgery with comparable efficacy. The present guidelines (the “2019 Seoul Consensus on Esophageal Achalasia Guidelines”) were developed based on evidence-based medicine; the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association and Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility served as the operating and development committees, respectively. The development of the guidelines began in June 2018, and a draft consensus based on the Delphi process was achieved in April 2019. The guidelines consist of 18 recommendations: 2 pertaining to the definition and epidemiology of achalasia, 6 pertaining to diagnoses, and 10 pertaining to treatments. The endoscopic treatment section is based on the latest evidence from meta-analyses. Clinicians (including gastroenterologists, upper gastrointestinal tract surgeons, general physicians, nurses, and other hospital workers) and patients could use these guidelines to make an informed decision on the management of achalasia.

11.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 452-457, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832146

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Frequent bleeding after endoscopic resection (ER) has been reported in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to evaluate the association and clinical significance of bleeding with ER in ESRD patients on dialysis. @*Methods@#Between February 2008 and December 2018, 7,571 patients, including 47 ESRD patients on dialysis who underwent ER for gastric neoplasia, were enrolled. A total of 47 ESRDpatients on dialysis were propensity score-matched 1:10 to 470 non-ESRD patients, to adjust for between-group differences in variables such as age, sex, comorbidities, anticoagulation use, tumor characteristics, and ER method. Matching was performed using an optimal matching algorithm. For the matched data, clustered comparisons were performed using the generalized estimating equation method. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Frequency and outcomes of post-ER bleeding were evaluated. @*Results@#Bleeding was more frequent in the ESRD with dialysis group than in the non-ESRD group. ESRD with dialysis conferred a significant risk of post-ER bleeding (odds ratio, 6.1; 95% confidence interval, 2.7–13.6; p<0.0001). All post-ER bleeding events were controlled using endoscopic hemostasis except in 1 non-ESRD case that needed surgery. @*Conclusions@#ESRD with dialysis confers a bleeding risk after ER. However, all bleeding events could be managed endoscopically without sequelae. Concern about bleeding should not stop endoscopists from performing ER in ESRD patients on dialysis.

12.
Gut and Liver ; : 271-277, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Rebleeding is associated with mortality in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB), and risk stratification is important for the management of these patients. The purpose of our study was to examine the risk factors associated with rebleeding in patients with PUB. METHODS: The Korean Peptic Ulcer Bleeding registry is a large prospectively collected database of patients with PUB who were hospitalized between 2014 and 2015 at 28 medical centers in Korea. We examined the basic characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients in this registry. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with rebleeding. RESULTS: In total, 904 patients with PUB were registered, and 897 patients were analyzed. Rebleeding occurred in 7.1% of the patients (64), and the 30-day mortality was 1.0% (nine patients). According to the multivariate analysis, the risk factors for rebleeding were the presence of co-morbidities, use of multiple drugs, albumin levels, and hematemesis/hematochezia as initial presentations. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of co-morbidities, use of multiple drugs, albumin levels, and initial presentations with hematemesis/hematochezia can be indicators of rebleeding in patients with PUB. The wide use of proton pump inhibitors and prompt endoscopic interventions may explain the low incidence of rebleeding and low mortality rates in Korea.


Subject(s)
Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Prospective Studies , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Risk Factors
13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 478-484, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since population-based screening for gastric cancer in Korea was implemented, endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer has become increasingly popular. This study investigates factors affecting endoscopic curative resection of early gastric cancer in population-based screening for gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of patients with newly diagnosed gastric cancer who underwent treatment at Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital. All patients completed questionnaires about clinical information, including interval between surveillance tests for gastric cancer. RESULTS: Of 469 gastric cancer patients, 147 (31.3%) had undergone curative endoscopic resection, 260 (55.4%) had undergone curative surgical resection, and 62 (13.3%) underwent non-curative resection or were in an inoperable state. Patients with curative endoscopic resection had fewer alarm symptoms/signs than other groups. In multivariate analysis, regular surveillance endoscopy was the only factor predicting curative endoscopic resection (odds ratio [OR], 6.099; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.532–14.933). In addition, patients undergoing gastric cancer screening had a significantly higher rate of endoscopic curative resection compared with subjects who had never been screened. (1-year interval: OR, 49.969; 95% CI, 6.340–393.827, 2-year interval: OR, 15.283; 95% CI, 1.833–127.406, over 2-year interval: OR, 10.651; 95% CI, 1.248–90.871). Shorter screening test intervals were associated with higher rates of endoscopic curative resection. CONCLUSIONS: Regular surveillance testing was the independent factor predicting curative endoscopic resection of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopy , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Stomach Neoplasms
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 402-410, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been regarded as a curative treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC) in indicated cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nationwide long-term clinical outcomes of ESD for EGC in Korea. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study was performed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of ESD for EGC within pre-defined indications at 12 institutes in Korea. The cases that met the expanded criteria upon pathological review after ESD were followed for 5 years. The primary outcome was 5-year disease specific free survival. RESULTS: Six hundred ninety-seven patients with 722 EGCs treated with ESD were prospectively enrolled and followed for 5 years. Complete resection was achieved in 81.3% of the cases, and curative resection was achieved in 86.1%. During the 5-year follow-up, the overall survival rate was 96.6%, and the disease specific free survival rate was 90.6%. Local recurrence developed in 0.9%, and metachronous tumor development occurred in 7.8%; both conditions were treated by endoscopic or surgical treatment. Distant metastasis developed in 0.5% during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: ESD showed excellent long-term clinical outcomes and can be accepted as a curative treatment for patients with EGC who meet the expanded criteria in final pathology studies.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) may originate from heterogeneous neuroendocrine cells. The incidence is increasing worldwide, and World Health Organization (WHO) updated its classification in 2010. We investigated clinical characteristics of gastroenteropancreatic NETs in a single center. METHODS: Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with pathologically confirmed gastroenteropancreatic NET in Seoul St. Mary Hospital from March 2009 to August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The grade and stage were determined according to WHO 2010 classification and TNM Staging System for Neuroendocrine Tumors (7th ed., 2010) of American Joint Committee on Cancer. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five patients (median age, 50; male, 61.3%) were analyzed. Among 100,000 patients who visited the hospital, incidence was 24.1. Only two patients (1.6%) had a functional NET. The rectum (n = 99, 79.8%) was most common primary site and found in early stage. The prevalence by stages was 84.7% stage I, 8.9% stage IV, 4.8% stage II, and 1.6% stage III. The pathology grading was 74.5% grade 1, 12.7% grade 2, and 12.7% grade 3. Tumor stage correlated positively with pathologic grade (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, 0.644). CONCLUSIONS: Wide range of clinicopathological features of Korean gastroenteropancreatic NETs were demonstrated using WHO 2010 classification. Rectal NET was most frequent and found in early stage.


Subject(s)
Classification , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Joints , Korea , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Neuroendocrine Cells , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Pathology , Prevalence , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , World Health Organization
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138436

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) may originate from heterogeneous neuroendocrine cells. The incidence is increasing worldwide, and World Health Organization (WHO) updated its classification in 2010. We investigated clinical characteristics of gastroenteropancreatic NETs in a single center. METHODS: Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with pathologically confirmed gastroenteropancreatic NET in Seoul St. Mary Hospital from March 2009 to August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The grade and stage were determined according to WHO 2010 classification and TNM Staging System for Neuroendocrine Tumors (7th ed., 2010) of American Joint Committee on Cancer. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five patients (median age, 50; male, 61.3%) were analyzed. Among 100,000 patients who visited the hospital, incidence was 24.1. Only two patients (1.6%) had a functional NET. The rectum (n = 99, 79.8%) was most common primary site and found in early stage. The prevalence by stages was 84.7% stage I, 8.9% stage IV, 4.8% stage II, and 1.6% stage III. The pathology grading was 74.5% grade 1, 12.7% grade 2, and 12.7% grade 3. Tumor stage correlated positively with pathologic grade (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, 0.644). CONCLUSIONS: Wide range of clinicopathological features of Korean gastroenteropancreatic NETs were demonstrated using WHO 2010 classification. Rectal NET was most frequent and found in early stage.


Subject(s)
Classification , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Joints , Korea , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Neuroendocrine Cells , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Pathology , Prevalence , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , World Health Organization
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 87-92, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been an established treatment for indicated early gastric cancer (EGC) without deterioration of quality of life (QOL) compared with surgical resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term QOL in patients undergoing ESD for EGC. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo curative ESD for EGC were prospectively enrolled from 12 institutions between May 2010 and December 2011. Assessments of QOL with Korean versions of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QOL questionnaire-core (QLQ-C30) and a gastric cancer-specific questionnaire (STO22) were performed at baseline and at 7 days, 3 months, and 6 months after ESD. RESULTS: A total of 666 subjects were assessed for QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22. The mean QLQ-C30 score was 69.5 at baseline, 68.8 at 7 days, 73.1 at 3 months, and 73.2 at 6 months. The global health status on the EORTC QLQ-C30 was significantly improved after 3 and 6 months (p=0.0003 and p<0.0001, respectively). The QLQ-C30 and STO22 scores were not significantly different, or they only slightly deteriorated between before and immediately after ESD, but they were significantly improved after 3 and 6 months (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: QOL did not deteriorate immediately after ESD, and it improved more significantly at up to 6 months in patients who underwent curative ESD for EGC without significant complications.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Global Health , Humans , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125498

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas with osteoclast-like giant cells (UCPOGC) is a rare, highly malignant pancreatic exocrine neoplasm. Here, we report a case of UCPOGC in a 58-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and weight loss. Abdomen computed tomography (CT) revealed a 5cm sized pancreatic body mass with peripheral enhancement. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy of the mass suggested a solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas with a marked degenerative change. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed. The size of the mass was 5.4 × 4.8 cm and the cut surface showed necrosis and hemorrhage. A definite diagnosis of UCPOGC was made using the histopathology and immunohistochemical findings.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy , Carcinoma , Diagnosis , Giant Cells , Hemorrhage , Humans , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Osteoclasts , Pancreas , Pancreatectomy , Splenectomy , Ultrasonography , Weight Loss
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 76-82, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and colorectal neoplasms (CRNs) share risk factors. We aimed to investigate whether the CRN risk is increased in ESCC patients. METHODS: ESCC patients who underwent a colonoscopy within 1 year of diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were matched 1:3 by age, gender, and body mass index to asymptomatic controls. CRN was defined as the histological confirmation of adenoma or adenocarcinoma. Advanced CRN was defined as any of the following: > or =3 adenomas, high-grade dysplasia, villous features, tumor > or =1 cm, or adenocarcinoma. The risk factors for both CRN and advanced CRN were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Sixty ESCC patients were compared with 180 controls. The ESCC group had significantly higher numbers of CRNs (odds ratio [OR], 2.311; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.265 to 4.220; p=0.006) and advanced CRNs (OR, 2.317; 95% CI, 1.185 to 4.530; p=0.013). Significant risk factors for both CRN and advanced CRN by multivariate analysis included ESCC (OR, 2.157, 95% CI, 1.106 to 4.070, p=0.024; and OR, 2.157, 95% CI, 1.045 to 4.454, p=0.038, respectively) and older age (OR, 1.068, 95% CI, 1.032 to 1.106, p<0.001; and OR, 1.065, 95% CI, 1.024 to 1.109, p=0.002, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The rates of CRN and advanced CRN are significantly increased in ESCC. Colonos-copy should be considered at ESCC diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56709

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease is a relatively new disease entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and marked infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells in lesions. Organ enlargement or nodular lesions consisting of abundant infiltration of lymphocytes and IgG4-positive plasma cells and fibrosis are seen in various organs throughout. We encountered a patient with an inflammatory pseudotumor of the rectum, which was histopathologically confirmed to be an IgG4-related disease. The patient was a 28-year-old woman who had constipation for 3 months. The endoluminal ultrasonography showed a lesion that was heterogeneous and low echogenic in lower rectum. The result of colonoscopic biopsy findings was of chronic proctitis with lymphoid aggregates. For a confirmative diagnosis, excision was performed. Histopathological examination represented plasma cell infiltration and fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry revealed prominence of IgG4-positive plasma cells and confirmed the diagnosis of IgG4-related disease. The patient is currently under observation on low-dose oral prednisolone without relapse.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Colonoscopy , Constipation , Diagnosis , Female , Fibrosis , Granuloma, Plasma Cell , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphocytes , Plasma Cells , Prednisolone , Proctitis , Rectum , Recurrence , Ultrasonography
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