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1.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e22-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977132

ABSTRACT

Background@#Citric acid (CA) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) have been used to disinfect animals to protect them against avian influenza and foot-and-mouth disease. @*Objectives@#We performed a good laboratory practice (GLP)-compliant animal toxicity study to assess the acute toxic effects of CA and NaOCl aerosol exposure in Sprague-Dawley rats. @*Methods@#Groups of five rats per sex were exposed for 4 h to four concentrations of the two chemicals, i.e., 0.00, 0.22, 0.67, and 2.00 mg/L, using a nose-only exposure. After a single exposure to the chemicals, clinical signs, body weight, and mortality was observed during the observation period. On day 15, an autopsy, and then gross findings, and histopathological analysis were performed. @*Results@#After exposure to CA and NaOCl, body weight loss was observed but recovered.Two males died in the CA 2.00 mg/L group and, two males and one female died in the 2.00 mg/L NaOCl group. In the gross findings and histopathological analysis, discoloration of the lungs was observed in the CA exposed group and inflammatory lesions with discoloration of the lungs were observed in the NaOCl exposed group. These results suggest that the lethal concentration 50 (LC50) of CA is 1.73390 mg/L for males and > 1.70 mg/L for females. For NaOCl, the LC50 was 2.22222 mg/L for males and 2.39456 mg/L for females. @*Conclusions@#The Globally Harmonized System is category 4 for both CA and NaOCl. In this study, the LC50 results were obtained through a GLP-based acute inhalation toxicity assessment. These results provide useful data to reset safety standards for CA and NaOCl use.

2.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 245-256, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002884

ABSTRACT

When restoring with a dental digital system for implant-supported prosthesis, a double digital scanning technique is required: an intraoral scan of the three-dimensional implant location and intraoral scan after placement of temporary denture or provisional prosthesis. During the intraoral scan, the use of scan body as a stable landmark can improve the accuracy of digital impression and simplify laboratory process. In this case, a full-digital system was used to plan and fabricate a custom abutment, provisional prosthesis, and definitive prosthesis. After implant placement, the scan area of the intraoral scan body connected with implant and the intraoral scan body marked on the inside of temporary denture were superimposed. Out of the superimposed files, a custom abutment and provisional prosthesis were fabricated which match the vertical dimension of temporary denture, and definitive prosthesis was fabricated based on provisional prosthesis. We report this case because result has been functionally and esthetically satisfactory by using vertical dimension and central relation set during the fabrication of temporary denture to the definitive prosthesis.

3.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 161-167, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968394

ABSTRACT

Obesity is a complex metabolic disorder that increases the risk for type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the anti-obesity effects of Nelumbo nucifera leaf (NL) extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obese db/db mice. NL extract among various parts (leaf, seed, and root) of N. nucifera most effectively reduced adipogenesis via inhibiting CCAAT enhancer binding protein α (C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The addition of NL extract enhanced the protein expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) as compared to untreated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The oral administration of NL extract (100 mg/kg BW) significantly reduced food efficacy ratio, body weight, and face or total cholesterol level in obese db /db mice. Also, administration of NL extract significantly decreased adipocyte size and C/EBPα or PPARγ expression in the adipose tissues as compared with control (obese db/db mice). Therefore, our results suggest that NL extract among various parts of N. nucifera could be used as a functional food ingredient for the prevention and treatment of metabolic diseases including obesity and diabetes.

4.
Journal of Genetic Medicine ; : 117-120, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915026

ABSTRACT

We experienced a case of Xq deletion -- 46,X,del(X)(q22.3) -- detected by abnormal noninvasive prenatal screening, subsequently diagnosed by amniocentesis. Genetic counseling was a challenge because there are few reports of prenatal diagnosis of Xq deletion. In each female cell, one X chromosome is inactivated at random early in development, and there may be a preferential inactivation of the abnormal X chromosome. But some proportions of genes escape inactivation. The most common manifestation in women with Xq deletion is primary or secondary ovarian failure. Critical regions for ovarian function may be located at the long arm of the X chromosome. But, the onset and the severity of ovarian failure may vary with diverse, intricate factors. We anticipate that noninvasive prenatal screening can identify the broader range of chromosomal or genetic abnormalities with the advances in technology and analytic methods. We report our case with a brief review of the literature.

5.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 29-45, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890921

ABSTRACT

Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can prolong a patient's lifespan by disrupting pivotal steps in the replication cycle of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). However, drug resistance is emerging as a major problem worldwide due to the prolonged period of treatment undergone by HIV-1 patients. Since the approval of zidovudine in 1987, over thirty antiretroviral drugs have been categorized into the following six distinct classes based on their biological function and resistance profiles: (1) nucleoside analog reverse-transcriptase inhibitors; (2) non–nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; (3) integrase strand transferase inhibitors; (4) protease inhibitors; (5) fusion inhibitors; and (6) co-receptor antagonists. Additionally, several antiretroviral drugs have been developed recently, such as a long active drug, humanized antibody and pro-drug metabolized into an active form in the patient's body. Although plenty of antiretroviral drugs are beneficially used to treat patients with HIV-1, the ongoing efforts to develop antiretroviral drugs have overcome the drug resistances, adverse effects, and limited adherence of drugs observed in previous drugs to some extent. Furthermore, studies focused on agents targeting latent HIV-1 reservoirs should be strengthened, as that may lead to eradication of HIV-1.

6.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 29-45, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898625

ABSTRACT

Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can prolong a patient's lifespan by disrupting pivotal steps in the replication cycle of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). However, drug resistance is emerging as a major problem worldwide due to the prolonged period of treatment undergone by HIV-1 patients. Since the approval of zidovudine in 1987, over thirty antiretroviral drugs have been categorized into the following six distinct classes based on their biological function and resistance profiles: (1) nucleoside analog reverse-transcriptase inhibitors; (2) non–nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; (3) integrase strand transferase inhibitors; (4) protease inhibitors; (5) fusion inhibitors; and (6) co-receptor antagonists. Additionally, several antiretroviral drugs have been developed recently, such as a long active drug, humanized antibody and pro-drug metabolized into an active form in the patient's body. Although plenty of antiretroviral drugs are beneficially used to treat patients with HIV-1, the ongoing efforts to develop antiretroviral drugs have overcome the drug resistances, adverse effects, and limited adherence of drugs observed in previous drugs to some extent. Furthermore, studies focused on agents targeting latent HIV-1 reservoirs should be strengthened, as that may lead to eradication of HIV-1.

7.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 537-544, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762441

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We collected a total of 1,855 S. pneumoniae isolates from 44 hospitals between May 2014 and May 2016, and analyzed the serotypes by sequential multiplex PCR. We investigated the distribution of each serotype by patient age, source of the clinical specimen, and antimicrobial resistance pattern. RESULTS: The most common serotypes were 11A (10.1%), followed by 19A (8.8%), 3 (8.5%), 34 (8.1%), 23A (7.3%), and 35B (6.2%). The major invasive serotypes were 3 (12.6%), 19A (7.8%), 34 (7.8%), 10A (6.8%), and 11A (6.8%). Serotypes 10A, 15B, 19A, and 12F were more common in patients ≤5 years old, while serotype 3 was more common in patients ≥65 years old compared with the other age groups. The coverage rates of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)7, PCV10, PCV13, and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23 were 11.8%, 12.12%, 33.3%, and 53.6%, respectively. Of the 1,855 isolates, 857 (46.2%) were multi-drug resistant (MDR), with serotypes 11A and 19A predominant among the MDR strains. The resistance rates against penicillin, cefotaxime, and levofloxacin were 22.8%, 12.5%, and 9.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant changes in the major S. pneumoniae serotypes in the community. Non-PCV13 serotypes increased in patients ≤5 years old following the introduction of national immunization programs with the 10- and 13-polyvalent vaccines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cefotaxime , Immunization Programs , Korea , Levofloxacin , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Penicillins , Pneumococcal Vaccines , Pneumonia , Serogroup , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Streptococcus , Vaccines
8.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 74-84, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739529

ABSTRACT

Olfactory dysfunction occurs in multiple sclerosis in humans, as well as in an animal model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The aim of this study was to analyze differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in olfactory bulb of EAE-affected mice by next generation sequencing, with a particular focus on changes in olfaction-related signals. EAE was induced in C57BL/6 mice following immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein and adjuvant. Inflammatory lesions were identified in the olfactory bulbs as well as in the spinal cord of immunized mice. Analysis of DEGs in the olfactory bulb of EAE-affected mice revealed that 44 genes were upregulated (and which were primarily related to inflammatory mediators), while 519 genes were downregulated; among the latter, olfactory marker protein and stomatin-like 3, which have been linked to olfactory signal transduction, were significantly downregulated (log2 [fold change] >1 and p-value < 0.05). These findings suggest that inflammation in the olfactory bulb of EAE-affected mice is associated with the downregulation of some olfactory signal transduction genes, particularly olfactory marker protein and stomatin-like 3, which may lead to olfactory dysfunction in an animal model of human multiple sclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Down-Regulation , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental , Gene Expression , Immunization , Inflammation , Models, Animal , Multiple Sclerosis , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein , Olfactory Bulb , Olfactory Marker Protein , Signal Transduction , Spinal Cord , Transcriptome
9.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 10-13, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719357

ABSTRACT

A 66-year-old postmenopausal woman received routine gynecologic check-up. Transvaginal ultrasonography and abdominal and pelvic computed tomography showed about 5-cm cystic mass in uterus with solid component and the patient had thin endometrium and the serum level of CA 125 was normal. We performed a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and found tumor which had brownish cystic fluid and about 2 cm sized and colored in light yellowish, polypoid protruding solid mass, located within the myometrial wall. Histopathological examination of frozen section revealed malignancy. The tumor was confined within the myometrium and its histologic type was clear cell adenocarcinoma. Finally we identified that the myometrial mass was clear cell adenocarcinoma originated from adenomyosis pathologically. The malignant transformation of adenomyosis is very rare. When we find a cystic change with solid component in adenomyosis patients, clear cell adenocarcinoma should be suspected as a differential diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging should be considered for further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell , Adenomyosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endometrium , Frozen Sections , Hysterectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myometrium , Ultrasonography , Uterus
10.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 138-141, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741739

ABSTRACT

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is commonly performed for the management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Although LEEP is considered to be a relatively simple procedure, several unexpected complications have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of hemoperitoneum caused by uterine perforation following LEEP. Blood collection in pelvic cavity and two small defects of the uterus were confirmed by diagnostic laparoscopy. The defects were sutured and the patient recovered well after the operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Conization , Hemoperitoneum , Laparoscopy , Uterine Perforation , Uterus
11.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 165-169, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741714

ABSTRACT

Gastric type mucinous endocervical adenocarcinomas of the uterine cervix (GAC) are a newly classified mucinous subtype with morphologically in 2014, WHO. They have a much more aggressiveness and show unusual metastatic patterns compared to usual type endocervical adenocarcinoma. They tend to present at higher stage and even in stage I, they have worse survival. Therefore, differential diagnosis of GAC from the usual type of endocervical adenocarcinoma is very important because they are related to a significant risk of recurrence and decreased 5-year disease-specific survival. Besides, GACs are mostly not associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and p16 immunohistochemistry is also typically negative in GAC that is HPV-unassociated tumor. We report a very rare and interesting case of stage IB1 GAC with negative HPV DNA and p16.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Cervix Uteri , Diagnosis, Differential , DNA , Immunohistochemistry , Mucins , Recurrence
12.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 123-128, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23574

ABSTRACT

Phantom limb pain is a phenomenon in which patients experience pain in a part of the body that no longer exists. In several treatment modalities, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been introduced for the management of intractable post-amputation pain. A 46-year-old male patient complained of severe ankle and foot pain, following above-the-knee amputation surgery on the right side amputation surgery three years earlier. Despite undergoing treatment with multiple modalities for pain management involving numerous oral and intravenous medications, nerve blocks, and pulsed radiofrequency (RF) treatment, the effect duration was temporary and the decreases in the patient's pain score were not acceptable. Even the use of SCS did not provide completely satisfactory pain management. However, the trial lead positioning in the cauda equina was able to stimulate the site of the severe pain, and the patient's pain score was dramatically decreased. We report a case of successful pain management with spinal cauda equina stimulation following the failure of SCS in the treatment of intractable phantom limb pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Amputation, Surgical , Ankle , Cauda Equina , Foot , Nerve Block , Pain Management , Phantom Limb , Spinal Cord Stimulation , Spinal Cord
13.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 198-204, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Establishment of trimester- and assay-specific reference intervals for every population is recommended. The aim of this study was to establish a trimester- and assay-specific reference interval for thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) in Korean pregnant women. METHODS: From April 2012 to December 2012, 531 pregnant women receiving prenatal care and 238 age-matched, non-pregnant women were enrolled in this study. After excluding patients with pregnancy-associated complications or thyroid-specific autoantibody, 465 pregnant and 206 non-pregnant women were included. Non-parametric analysis (2.5-97.5th percentile) was performed to determine the reference interval. Levels of TSH and FT4 were determined by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (Elecsys thyroid tests, Roche Diagnostics, Germany). RESULTS: The TSH reference intervals were 0.01-4.10, 0.01-4.26, and 0.15-4.57 mIU/L for the first, second, and third trimester, respectively. From the first trimester to the third trimester, the median TSH levels showed a significantly increasing trend (P<0.0001). The FT4 reference intervals were 0.83-1.65, 0.71-1.22, and 0.65-1.13 ng/dL for the first, second, and third trimester, respectively, showing a significantly decreasing trend (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Establishing trimester-specific reference intervals in pregnant women is essential for accurate assessment of thyroid function. Our population-specific and method-specific reference intervals will be useful for screening Korean pregnant women for thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Asian People , Case-Control Studies , Immunoassay/standards , Luminescent Measurements , Pregnancy Trimesters , Prenatal Care , Reference Values , Republic of Korea , Thyroid Hormones/analysis , Thyroxine/analysis
14.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 147-151, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163604

ABSTRACT

In this report, we describe a case of brain abscess due to odontogenic infection. A 53-year-old female who had been suffering from headache and trismus for two weeks visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Sun Dental Hospital (Daejeon, Korea). Even after several routine tests, we still could not make a diagnosis. However, after the combined multidisciplinary efforts of oral surgeons and neurosurgeons, the patient was treated for odontogenic infection and made an uneventful recovery. Therefore, patients with infections in the head and neck region showing symptoms such as headache, changes in mental state, nausea, vomiting, seizures, hemiplegia, speech disturbance, and visual disturbance, a brain abscess should be included in the list of differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Brain Abscess , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Head , Headache , Hemiplegia , Nausea , Neck , Seizures , Solar System , Surgery, Oral , Trismus , Vomiting
15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 415-418, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110044

ABSTRACT

Omental torsion is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. It presents with nonspecific symptoms and signs of an acute abdomen, making it difficult to diagnose preoperatively, because symptoms mimic those caused by other conditions such as appendicitis, cholecystitis, diverticulitis, and other gynecologic diseases. Computed tomography is an effective and useful method to diagnose and exclude other acute abdominal conditions. Our case presented with sudden right upper abdominal pain with tenderness, rebound tenderness, mild fever (37.2degrees C), increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (37 mm/hr), increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level (5.97 mg/dL). Computed tomography showed a large, well-circumscribed heterogeneous fatty mass and a 7.3 cm subserosal myoma. We could not exclude the myoma as the cause of acute abdominal pain, so we performed an emergency operation with suspicion of omental torsion or necrotic degeneration of the myoma. During the operation, we diagnosed primary omental torsion with infarction and subserosal myoma without secondary degeneration.


Subject(s)
Female , Abdomen, Acute , Abdominal Pain , Appendicitis , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Cholecystitis , Diverticulitis , Emergencies , Fever , Genital Diseases, Female , Hysterectomy , Infarction , Myoma
16.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 131-138, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145051

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor markers are used for diagnosing cancers and monitoring responses to cancer therapy. In this study, we evaluated the performance of Lumipulse G1200 (Fujirebio, Japan), a fully automated serum analyzer, for immunoassays of tumor markers. METHODS: We determined the precision and linearity of assays performed using Lumipulse G1200 and the correlation between the results of this and other analyzers used for tumor markers according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). We used 9 tumor markers, namely, carcinoembryonic antigen, alpha-fetoprotein, cancer antigen 125, cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3), cancer antigen 19-9, prostate specific antigen, protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II, and pepsinogens I and II. Further, we validated reference intervals using 20 serum samples of healthy individuals. RESULTS: Lumipulse G1200 yielded acceptable precision with total CV0.975 for all markers, except pepsinogen I (0.9569). The reference intervals provided by the manufacturer met the criteria mentioned in the CLSI guideline. CONCLUSIONS: Assays using Lumipulse G1200 had high precision, clinically acceptable linearity, and good correlation with the established assays. This indicates that Lumipulse G1200 can be potentially used in routine laboratories.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Immunoassay , Pepsinogen A , Pepsinogens , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Vitamin K
17.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 131-138, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor markers are used for diagnosing cancers and monitoring responses to cancer therapy. In this study, we evaluated the performance of Lumipulse G1200 (Fujirebio, Japan), a fully automated serum analyzer, for immunoassays of tumor markers. METHODS: We determined the precision and linearity of assays performed using Lumipulse G1200 and the correlation between the results of this and other analyzers used for tumor markers according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). We used 9 tumor markers, namely, carcinoembryonic antigen, alpha-fetoprotein, cancer antigen 125, cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3), cancer antigen 19-9, prostate specific antigen, protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II, and pepsinogens I and II. Further, we validated reference intervals using 20 serum samples of healthy individuals. RESULTS: Lumipulse G1200 yielded acceptable precision with total CV0.975 for all markers, except pepsinogen I (0.9569). The reference intervals provided by the manufacturer met the criteria mentioned in the CLSI guideline. CONCLUSIONS: Assays using Lumipulse G1200 had high precision, clinically acceptable linearity, and good correlation with the established assays. This indicates that Lumipulse G1200 can be potentially used in routine laboratories.


Subject(s)
alpha-Fetoproteins , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Immunoassay , Pepsinogen A , Pepsinogens , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Vitamin K
18.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 73-78, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43983

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B remains the most common transfusion-transmitted viral infection. We explored the current status of pre-transfusion screening and post-transfusion follow-up testing for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies (anti-HBs) in blood recipients from an area of high HBV endemicity. METHODS: A total of 7,780 blood recipients were transfused with at least 1 unit of blood component at a single university hospital in Korea between January 2006 and December 2009. Their medical records were reviewed, and their demographic and transfusion-related data were analyzed. RESULTS: Pre-transfusion HBsAg and anti-HBs levels were tested in 77.6% (6,037/7,780) of the recipients. The results varied widely according to recipient age. In all, 32.8% (1,982/6,037) of the recipients who were tested had dual negative pre-transfusion results for HBsAg and anti-HBs and, therefore, were at increased risk of HBV transmission. Post-transfusion follow-up testing for HBsAg and/or anti-HBs was performed in 22% (436/1,982) of the increased-risk group. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that current transfusion-related laboratory testing practice is not sufficient to properly investigate possible post-transfusion infections. Routine laboratory tests, including HBsAg and anti-HBs, should be recommended in transfusion guidelines.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Transfusion , Cohort Studies , Demography , Endemic Diseases , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Retrospective Studies , Risk
19.
Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology ; : 70-73, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106433

ABSTRACT

Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans) is a ubiquitous yeast-like fungus that has been a common opportunistic human pathogen, especially in immunocompromised patients. Although skin lesions due to C. neoformans are found in 10-15% of patients with systemic cryptococcosis, primary cutaneous cryptococcosis without systemic infection is rare and now considered a distinct clinical entity. We report a case of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in a patient with iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. A 73-year-old woman presented with pain and discharge from lesions on her left forearm. The patient had been treated with oral corticosteroids for 20 years, and as a result had developed iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. A skin fragment of the ulcer was cultured, and the encapsulated fungus were isolated and identified as C. neoformans using a Vitek2 system (Vitek2 ID-YST, bio Merieux, France) and API 20C (bioMerieux). Concurrent blood and urine cultures were negative for growth. At first, she was treated with antibiotics due to suspicion of cellulitis. After surgical resection and treatment with systemic and oral fluconazole, her wound was improved with scar. Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis should be considered when skin lesions are not responsive to antibiotics and accurate identification is important for proper treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cellulitis , Cicatrix , Cryptococcosis , Cryptococcus neoformans , Cushing Syndrome , Fluconazole , Forearm , Fungi , Immunocompromised Host , Skin , Ulcer
20.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 135-138, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720299

ABSTRACT

Variant Burkitt-type translocation, t(8;22)(q24;q11), is very rare in plasma cell myeloma. We report a 51-year-old male patient with plasma cell myeloma, who showed t(8;22) (q24;q11). He suffered from pelvic pain for two months, and showed IgG, lambda type of monoclonal gammopathy (5.14 g/dL; 49.9% of protein). His bone marrow examination showed increased plasma cells (66.9% of all nucleated cells). Plasma cells (74.9% of all nucleated cells) and monoclonal spike (3.38 g/dL; 42.2%) persisted after three cycles of thalidomide and dexamethasone. Cytogenetic analysis showed complex chromosomal abnormalities: 44,XY,-1,t(2;5)(q33;q13),add(8)(q24.1),t(8;22)(q24.1;q11.2),add(10) (p15), der(11)t(1;11)(q21;p11.2),del(12)(p11.2p13),-13,-14,add(14)(q32),der(15)t(1;15)(p2 2;p11.2),-16,add(17)(q11.2),+21,+1-3mar[cp6]/46,XY[19]. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on plasma cell myeloma with a variant Burkitt-type t(8;22)(q24;q11) in the Korean patient. A review of 11 such cases in the literature, including the present case, implicated that plasma cell myeloma with t(8;22)(q24;q11) might be related to advanced stage and poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Marrow Examination , Cytogenetic Analysis , Dexamethasone , Immunoglobulin G , Multiple Myeloma , Paraproteinemias , Pelvic Pain , Plasma , Plasma Cells , Prognosis , Thalidomide
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