Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 291
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 308-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913088

ABSTRACT

OB JECTIVE To study the anti-inflammatory effect of couplet medicinals of Achyranthes bidentata -Eucommia ulmoides. METHODS Mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 were divided into blank group ,model group ,A. bidentata group(800 μg/mL),E. ulmoides group(800 μg/mL)and low- ,medium- and high- concentration groups of couplet medicinals of A. bidentata - E. ulmoides (400,800,1 600 μg/mL). Excep for blank group and model group ,the other groups were added with corresponding drugs for 6 hours;then blank group was continued to add into the medium ,while model group was added into 10 μg/mL lipopolysaccharide (to induce the inflammatory model );other groups were added into corresponding drugs and 10 μ g/mL lipopolysaccharide. The levels of inflammatory factors [nitric oxide (NO),interleukin-1β(IL-1β),IL-6,tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] were detected ,and Jin ’s formula was used to evaluate the effects of A. bidentata -E. ulmoides . The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS),cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2),nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)and inhibitor α of NF-κB (IκBα)as well as the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65,IκB kinase(IKK),p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)were determined. RESULTS Compared with blank group,the level of inflammatory factors ,protein expression of iNOS and COX- 2 as well as the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, IKK,p38 MAPK,ERK and JNK were increased significantly (P<0.01),while the protein expression of IκBα was decreased significantly(P<0.01). After intervention of couplet medicinals of A. bidentata -E. ulmoides ,the level of inflammatory factors ,the expression or phosphorylation of above proteins were reversed significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and couplet medicinals of A. bidentata-E. ulmoides had a synergistic effect. CONCLUSIONS The couplet medicinals of A. bidentata -E. ulmoides have synergistic anti-inflammatory effect on RAW 264.7 cells. Its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathway related protein expression.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920814

ABSTRACT

@#Resection is one of the most important treatments for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and routine postoperative follow-up is an effective method for early detection and treatment of recurrent metastases, which can improve patients' quality of life and prognosis. This consensus aims to provide a reference for colleagues responsible for postoperative follow-up of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients in China, and further improve the standardization of the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912809

ABSTRACT

Medical record information is the core data source for diagnosis related groups(DRG)payment, and high-quality of medical record information is the foundation for DRG payment. The development of medical record management towards medical record information management, pushes up the demand for high-quality medical record information management professionals in hospitals. The conventional practice of professional training had resulted in such setbacks as professionals mismatch, long pre-employment training period, and large demand for continuing education. Based on the triple helix model theory, the study established a production-education integration training mode of university-government-hospital for medical record information management professionals. Capacity development was set as the goal and job demand as the guidance, for effectively integrating the educational resources, and promoting the model of " posts linked to training, employment following graduation" production-education integration training. The aim is to expand the quantity of talent team and improve the quality of talent training, thus effectively easing the shortage of medical record information management professionals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of hypotension after ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very/extremely low birth weight infants (VLBWI/ELBWI).Method:From March 2016 to January 2021, preterm infants with birth weight <1 500 g receiving bedside PDA ligation in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of our hospital were enrolled in the study. According to the occurrence of hypotension within 72 hours after ligation, the infants were assigned into non-hypotension group and hypotension group. The general status and perioperative conditions of the two groups were analyzed. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of hypotension.Result:A total of 44 cases were enrolled, including 33 in non-hypotension group and 11 in hypotension group. Univariate analysis showed that hypotension group had significantly more cases with body weight <1 100 g during surgery and receiving preoperative high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) than non-hypotension group ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that weight <1 100 g during surgery ( OR=12.045, 95% CI 1.351~107.394, P=0.026) and receiving preoperative HFOV ( OR=27.832, 95% CI 1.363~568.292, P=0.031)were independent risk factors of hypotension. Conclusion:Hypotension is one of the common complications of PDA ligation in VLBWI/ELBWI. The infant's body weight during ligation and receiving preoperative HFOV are independent risk factors of hypotension.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2692-2699, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer patients with ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (ISLNM) but without distant metastasis are considered to have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients with ISLNM but without distant metastasis.@*METHODS@#Medical records of breast cancer patients who received surgical treatment at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Jiyuan People's Hospital and Huaxian People's Hospital between December 21, 2012 and June 30, 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Overall, 345 patients with pathologically confirmed ISLNM and without evidence of distant metastasis were identified. They were further randomized 2:1 and divided into training (n = 231) and validation (n = 114) cohorts. A nomogram to predict the probability of OS was constructed based on clinicopathologic variables identified by the univariable and multivariable analyses. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability were measured by calibration plots, concordance index (C-index), and risk group stratification.@*RESULTS@#Univariable analysis showed that estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) with Herceptin treatment, and a low axillary lymph node ratio (ALNR) were prognostic factors for better OS. PR+, HER2+ with Herceptin treatment, and a low ALNR remained independent prognostic factors for better OS on multivariable analysis. These variables were incorporated into a nomogram to predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS of breast cancer patients with ISLNM. The C-indexes of the nomogram were 0.737 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.660-0.813) and 0.759 (95% CI: 0.636-0.881) for the training and the validation cohorts, respectively. The calibration plots presented excellent agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation for 3 and 5 years, but not 1 year, OS in both the cohorts. The nomogram was also able to stratify patients into different risk groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we established and validated a novel nomogram for predicting survival of patients with ISLNM. This nomogram may, to some extent, allow clinicians to more accurately estimate prognosis and to make personalized therapeutic decisions for individual patients with ISLNM.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 222-236, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881092

ABSTRACT

Lianhuaqingwen (LHQW) capsule, a herb medicine product, has been clinically proved to be effective in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia treatment. However, human exposure to LHQW components and their pharmacological effects remain largely unknown. Hence, this study aimed to determine human exposure to LHQW components and their anti-COVID-19 pharmacological activities. Analysis of LHQW component profiles in human plasma and urine after repeated therapeutic dosing was conducted using a combination of HRMS and an untargeted data-mining approach, leading to detection of 132 LHQW prototype and metabolite components, which were absorbed

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1251-1256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of B lymphocyte-induced mature protein-1 (BLIMP-1) in regulatory T cells (Tregs) of children with aplastic anemia (AA), and analyze its correlation with the number of Tregs and the levels of inhibitory cytokines interleukin (IL)-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β in plasma.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples of 10 newly diagnosed AA children and 10 healthy children were collected for experiment. qPCR was used to detect FOXP3 and PRDM1 mRNA expression levels. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Tregs, the expression of BLIMP-1 in Tregs, and the levels of cytokines such as IL-2, IL-17A, IL-6, interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-10 and TGF-β in plasma. Pearson correlation model was used to evaluate the relationship between the expression of BLIMP-1 in Treg and the number of Tregs, as well as the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in plasma.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the proportion of Tregs in peripheral blood of AA children was decreased significantly (P<0.001); The plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-2, IL-6 and IFN-γ in AA children were increased significantly (P=0.033, P=0.031, P=0.006), and IL-17A also was increased but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.052), while anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and TGF-β were significantly reduced (P=0.048, P=0.002). The relative expressions level of FOXP3 and PRDM1 mRNA in AA children were significantly lower than those in control group (P=0.037, P=0.016). The expression of BLIMP-1 protein in Tregs of AA children was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.001). The expression level of BLIMP-1 protein in Tregs was positively correlated with the percentage of Tregs in lymphocytes (r=0.671, P=0.001), and was also positively correlated with the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in plasma (r=0.500, P=0.029; r=0.486, P=0.030).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of BLIMP-1 in Tregs of AA children is impaired, and the low expression of BLIMP-1 is related to the decrease of the number in Tregs and IL-10 and TGF-β expressions.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Child , Cytokines , Flow Cytometry , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Humans , Positive Regulatory Domain I-Binding Factor 1 , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Transforming Growth Factor beta
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885983

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the time-effect relationship of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea (PD) due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp, thus explore the optimal choice of moxibustion duration, and provide evidence for achieving satisfactory efficacy in moxibustion treatment. Methods: A total of 90 patients with PD due to stagnatin and congelation of cold-damp were divided into three groups by the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. All the patients in the three groups were given moxibustion treatment at Guanyuan (CV 4), 20 min in group A, 40 min in group B and 60 min in group C. The changes in the pain measurement score in the three groups were observed after treatment. Results: After treatment, there were significant differences in the clinical efficacy among the three groups (P<0.05); the clinical efficacy was better in group B and group C than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was better than that in group C (P<0.05). Besides, the pain measurement score changed significantly after treatment in the three groups (all P<0.05), and the between-group differences were also statistically significant (P<0.05); the pain measurement scores in group B and group C were lower than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was lower than that in group C (P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same stimulating frequency and intervention time of moxibustion, 40-minute duration demonstrates relatively better efficacy for PD due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) on the early prognosis of extremely premature infants, and to provide a basis for the management of extremely premature infants and prenatal consultation.@*METHODS@#A total of 179 extremely premature singleton infants who were born from 2017 to 2019 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of PROM, they were divided into two groups: PROM group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-PROM group, the PROM group had significantly higher incidence rates of earlyonset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#PROM increases the incidence rates of early-onset sepsis and NEC in extremely premature infants and does not increase the incidence rates of other adverse outcomes. For pregnant women with PROM at the risk of extremely preterm delivery, prevention of miscarriage and chorioamnionitis is recommended to prolong gestational weeks, reduce the incidence rate of infection, and thus improve the outcome of extremely premature infants.


Subject(s)
Chorioamnionitis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Prognosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 169-173, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879683

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study was designed to compare the clinical efficacy of "8" and "0" wire fixation systems combined with double-head cannulated compression screws or Kirschner wires for the treatment of transverse patellar fractures.@*METHODS@#From September 2011 to September 2018, patients with closed transverse patellar fractures treated with a double-head compression screw or Kirschner wire were included and analyzed retrospectively. Patients with patellar fractures combined with distal femoral fractures, tibial plateau fracture or preoperative lower limb dysfunction were excluded. The patients treated with the "8" tension band wire fixation system and Kirschner wire were taken as Group A; those treated with the "0" fixation system and Kirschner wire were taken as Group B; those treated with the "8" fixation system and double-head cannulated compression screw were taken as group C; and those treated with the "0" fixation system and double-head cannulated compression screw were taken as group D. Six weeks and one year after the operation and every month from the third month after the operation until the fractures healed, an X-ray examination was performed to identify fracture healing. The time of fracture healing and postoperative complications of the four groups were compared. One year after the operation, knee function was evaluated by Bostman's score.@*RESULTS@#During the study period, 168 patients with patellar fractures were treated by operations, and 88 patients were excluded because the fracture type did not meet the requirements or because there were combined fractures of the distal femur or tibial plateau. As a result, 80 patients were included in this study, 20 in each group. All the patients were followed up for an average period of 12.2 months. Compared with Group A, patients in Group D presented less postoperative discomfort in the prepatellar region, quicker fracture healing, less fixation failure and better postoperative knee function scores (all p 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The "0" wire fixation system combined with a double-head cannulated compression screw seems to be more beneficial than the other three fixation systems for the treatment of transverse patellar fractures.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for a fetus featuring multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#The fetus was found to have increased nuchal thickness, generalized edema, asymmetric lower limbs, tetralogy of Fallot, nasal bone anomaly and cleft palate. Following amniocentesis, G-band karyotyping and CMA were carried out.@*RESULTS@#The fetus had a karyotype of 47,XX,+i(12)(p10) [14]/46,XX[6]. CMA has identified a 33.9 Mb duplication at 12p13.33-p11.1, which was suggestive of tetrasomy 12p.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined chromosomal karyotyping and CMA can delineate the origin of abnormal chromosomal fragments during prenatal diagnosis. The fetus was diagnosed with Pallister-Killian syndrome.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871686

ABSTRACT

Thymic epithelial tumors are the most common tumors in anterior mediastinum. They are used to be considered rare in incidence, with an indolent nature of biological behaviors, which led to the lack of high level evidence obtained from prospective randomized controlled trials to guide the clinical treatment. At present, the experience of diagnosis and treatment of thymic tumors varies greatly in different regions. And there are still many problems remain to be solved. This paper aims to establish a standardized surgical treatment based on the latest researches in surgical indications, resection extent, surgical approach, lymph node dissection and postoperative management of thymic tumors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878785

ABSTRACT

To prepare peptide-modified chitosan tetramethylprazine nanoparticles(FGF-CS-TMP-NPS) and investigate its reversal effect on multidrug resistance in tumor cells. The pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs were prepared by ion crosslinking method, and their physicochemical properties were investigated. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR)(MCF-7, MCF-7/ADR, K562 and K562/ADR) and drug-resistant related protein P-gp. MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR were selected as cell models. The cytotoxicity of pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs, the multiple of cell resistance to adriamycin, the reversal resistance index of pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs to doxorubicin and the sensitization of pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs to doxorubicin were detected by MTT assay. After MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR were treated with pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs, the expression changes of P-gp were detected by Western blot. The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading of pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs were 37.66%± 0.53% and 3.25%± 0.34% respectively in HPLC. The nanoparticles showed an average particle size of(150.50±9.3) nm, polymer dispersity index of(0.059±0.007) and Zeta potential of(19.30±2.02) mV as detected by laser particle size analyzer. The nanoparticles were spherical and well dispersed under transmission electron microscope. Western blot results showed that EGFR was positively expressed in MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cells, while negatively expressed in K562 and K562/ADR cells. P-gp was highly expressed in MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR, while negatively expressed in MCF-7 and K562. pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs had a weak effect on MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR. The adriamycin resistance of MCF-7/ADR cells was 108.36 times, and that of K562/ADR cells was more than 100 times. When IC_(85) of pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs was used as the administration concentration, the reversion index of MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR cells was 3.68 and 1.87, respectively. pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs could enhance the sensitivity of adriamycin to MCF-7/ADR cells in a positive correlation with the concentration, and the sensitivity was significantly higher than that of K562/ADR cells. Western blot results showed that the expression level of P-gp in MCF-7/ADR cells decreased significantly after treatment with pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs, while the expression level of P-gp in K562/ADR cells did not change significantly. Experimental results show that pEGF-CS-TMP-NPs have an active targeting effect on MCF-7/ADR cells with high EGFR expression, and can effectively reverse the multidrug resistance of MCF-7/ADR cells. Active targeting effect is related to the peptides modification of nanoparticles, and the mechanism of reversing tumor MDR may be achieved by down-regulating the expression level of P-gp.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Chitosan , Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Nanoparticles , Peptides , Pyrazines
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 634-637, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821112

ABSTRACT

Objective By analyzing the epidemic characteristics and related indicators of SARS (2003) and COVID-19(2020), to explore the reasons for the similarities and differences of the two epidemics, so as to provide reference for epidemic prevention and control. Methods The general situation, clinical classification, activity history, contact history, family members’ contact and incidence of the two infectious diseases in Guangzhou were collected and used to analyze the time characteristics, occupational characteristics, age characteristics and other key indicators of the two diseases, including the number of cases, composition ratio (%), mean, median, crude mortality, etc. Results A total of 1 072 cases of SARS (2003) were included in the study. 353 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 30.13%. 43 cases of death were reported with a mortality rate of 4.01%. The average age was 46 years old, and 26.31% of the cases were medical staff. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 129 days. As to COVID-19 (2020), a total of 346 cases were included. 58 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 16.67%. One case of death was reported with a mortality rate of 0.29%. The average age was 38 years old, and no hospital infection among medical staff was reported. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 35 days. Conclusions The prevention and control strategies for COVID-19 (2010) are more effective compared to that of SARS (2003), and the emergency response procedures are worth to be evaluated and summarized.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hi-HSCT) HLA-matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) and post-remission chemotherapy (PR-CT) in treatment of intermediate risk acute myeloid leukemia with negative for FLT3-ITD, NPM1 or biallelic CEBPA mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML from October 2009 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The overall survival rate of the patients treated with PR-CT, MSD-HSCT or hi-HSCT was 63.7%, 71.7%, 75.5%, respectively (P<0.05); the disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 52.8%, 67.1%, 71.3% respectively (P<0.001); the cumulative incidence of relapse was 24.7%, 16.9%, 14.4% respectively (P<0.05); the non-relapse mortality was 26.2%, 17.3%, 14.4% reapectively (P>0.05). The analysis of transplantation, related adverse events showed that II-IV grade of aGVHD in the MSD-HSCT group and hi-HSCT group was 48.9% and 45.6% respectively (P>0.05); the extensive cGVHD event was 21.6% and 8.8% (P<0.05) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficiency of hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT is superior to that of PR-CT for treatment of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML after CR1, there is no statistically significant difference in the efficiency of consolidatorg treatment and the transplantation-related mortality between hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT.


Subject(s)
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of milk intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause-specific mortality remained controversial and evidence among the Chinese population was limited. We aimed to study the relationship between milk intake and CVDs among general Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 104,957 participants received questionnaire survey. Results of physical examination such as anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests during 2007 to 2008, demographic data and their information on milk intake were collected through standardized questionnaires. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CVD incidence, cause-specific mortality and all-cause mortality related to milk intake. Restricted cubic splines (RCSs) were applied to examine dose-response associations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 91,757 participants with a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, we documented 3877 CVD cases and 4091 all-cause deaths. Compared with participants who never consumed milk, the multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of CVD incidence for 1 to 150 g/day, 151 to 299 g/day, and ≥300 g/day were 0.94 (0.86-1.03) (P > 0.05), 0.77 (0.66-0.89) (P < 0.05), and 0.59 (0.40-0.89) (P < 0.05), respectively; each 100 g increase of daily milk intake was associated with 11% lower risk of CVD incidence (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.94; P < 0.001), and 11% lower risk of CVD mortality (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97; P = 0.008) after adjustment for age, sex, residential area, geographic region, education level, family history of CVD, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level, body mass index, and healthy diet status (ideal or not). RCS analyses also showed a linear dose-response relationship with CVD (P for overall significance of the curve <0.001; P for non-linearity = 0.979; P for linearity <0.001) and stroke (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.010; P for non-linearity = 0.998; P for linearity = 0.002) incidence, and CVD mortality (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.045; P for non-linearity = 0.768; P for linearity = 0.014) within the current range of daily milk intake.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756624

ABSTRACT

Since the first edition of Tw-DRGs was developed in Taiwan in 2002, the system introduction of the hospital management level has been successfully completed. This paper detailed the organizational structure of DRGs case management in local hospitals ( DRGs promotion group, front-end medical care, ICD end, and the medical expenses reporting). It also introduced the operation process of identifying, locking and adjusting process of the pre-hospital, in-hospital and post-hospital aspects of inpatients, and provides in the end useful experiences for the promotion of DRGs case management in China′s mainland hospitals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755284

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize a novel 18 F labeled probe targeting translocator protein ( TSPO) ligand 2-( 5, 7-diethyl-2-( 4-( 2-fluoroethoxy ) phenyl ) pyrazolo [ 1, 5-a ] pyrimidin-3-yl )-N, N-diethylacet-amide (VUIIS1008), and evaluate its biodistribution and imaging in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. Methods The tosylate substrate was labeled with 18 F using a tosyloxy for fluorine nucleophilic aliphatic substitution to obtain 18 F-VUIIS1008. The labeling efficiency, radiochemical purity, and stability in vitro were determined. In vitro cellular uptake and competitive binding assay were performed on RAW264.7 mac-rophage cells. Biodistribution and microPET/CT imaging were investigated on RA mice established by Com-plete Freund's Adjuvant. Two-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results 18 F-VUIIS1008 was syn-thesized with the labeling yield up to (41.00±5.00)%, the radiochemical purity>98.00%, and the specific radioactivity >1. 52 × 108 MBq/mmol. 18 F-VUIIS1008 was highly stable with the radiochemical purity >98. 00% at 4 h after incubation in mouse serum. In vitro, it also exhibited high specific TSPO binding in RAW264.7 macrophage cells. The uptake ratio was (14.00±0.30)% at 1 h after incubation, and decreased significantly ((4.00±0.70)%;t=12.894, P<0.05) after adding excessive unlabeled VUIIS1008. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 18F-VUIIS1008 binding to TSPO was 0.05 nmol/L in RAW264.7 macrophage cells. In vivo distribution results showed that the uptake of 18 F-VUIIS1008 in the left arthritic ankles reached the peak value of (1.33±0.02) percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) at 1 h after injection. The radioactivity ratio of left ankle arthritic tissue to blood ( A/B) and to normal muscle ( A/M) was 4.40±0.22 and 1.65±0.07 respectively. MicroPET/CT imaging demonstrated that 18F-VUIIS1008 could specifically target and retained in the inflammation site. Conclusion 18 F-VUIIS1008 can be easily synthe-sized with high radiochemical purity and can clearly visualized in RA imaging with low background, suggesting its potential as a novel promising molecular probe targeting TSPO for RA PET imaging.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 358-362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753036

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the risk factors associated with spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in extremely premature infants/extremely low birth weight infants. Method From January 2015 to December 2018, infants with gestational age (GA)<28 weeks or birth weight (BW)<1000 g admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled to the retrospective nested case-control study.The clinical data of SIP infants (SIP group) and infants with the same GA but without SIP (control group) were randomly selected and compared. Multivariable Logistic regression was used to analyse the risk factors of SIP. Result A total of 409 extremely premature infants/extremely low birth weight infants were born during the study period. Among them, 25 SIP infants and 55 controls were enrolled. The incidence of SIP in infants with GA 22~25 weeks was 11.8%(16/136), which is higher than infants with GA 26~27 weeks (2.0%, 5/247) (χ2=16.057, P<0.001). The incidence of SIP in infants with BW 400~749 g was 13.0%(14/108), which is higher than infants with BW 750~999 g (3.4%, 8/236) (χ2=11.343, P=0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that twins (OR=4.153, 95%CI 1.392~12.384, P=0.011), umbilical veins catheterization (OR=15.942, 95%CI 1.026~247.789, P=0.048) and ibuprofen use within 3 days after birth (OR=15.387, 95%CI 1.519~155.883, P=0.021) were independent risk factors of SIP. Conclusion The smaller the GA and BW, the higher the incidence of SIP. Twins,umbilical veins catheterization and ibuprofen use early after birth may be independent risk factors of SIP.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL