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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930071

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that patients with human papilloma virus (HPV) -positive oropharyngeal cancer have a significantly better prognosis than patients with HPV-negative oropharyngeal cancer. However, the high incidence of severe adverse reactions in patients with oropharyngeal cancer under the standard treatment mode affects the sustainability of treatment. At present, internal and overseas studies have indicated that step-down therapy is the trend of future treatment for HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer, and the step-down therapy mode of these patients is also a hotspot of current research. Reducing the intensity of chemotherapy, reducing the intensity of radiotherapy, and reducing the dose of radiotherapy and chemotherapy through the combination therapy mode provide further research directions for the step-down therapy of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 247-258, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926898

ABSTRACT

Objective@#There is limited clarity concerning the risk of dementia after pneumonia with intensive care unit (ICU) stay. We conducted a nationwide cohort study, which aimed to investigate the impact of dementia after pneumonia with and without intensive care unit admission. @*Methods@#Data was obtained from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database between 2000 and 2015. A total of 7,473 patients were identified as having pneumonia required ICU stay, along with 22,419 controls matched by sex and age. After adjusting for confounding factors, multivariate Cox regression model analysis was used to compare the risk of developing dementia during the 15-years follow-up period. @*Results@#The enrolled pneumonia patients with ICU admission had a dementia rate of 9.89%. Pneumonia patients without ICU admission had a dementia rate of 9.21%. The multivariate Cox regression model analysis revealed that the patients with ICU stay had the higher risk of dementia, with a crude hazard ratio of 3.371 (95% confidence interval, 3.093–3.675; p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#This study indicated that pneumonia with ICU stay is associated with an increased risk of dementia. A 3-fold risk of dementia was observed in patients admitted to the ICU compared to the control group.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910540

ABSTRACT

In recent years, unconventional fractionated radiotherapy has shown increasing advantages in the treatment of multiple system tumors. Simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) involves the delivery of standard-fraction doses of radiotherapy to different areas, achieving the delivery of higher doses of radiotherapy per fraction to the high-risk gross tumor volume (GTV) without sacrificing the irradiation dose to the normal tissues. The dosimetric advantages of SIB-IMRT have been widely recognized. At present, the local control, survival advantage, indication population and the optimal upper limit of single fraction of SIB-IMRT for esophageal carcinoma are still unclear. This article reviews the application of SIB-IMRT in esophageal carcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910460

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer is a common malignant tumor of digestive system in China. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy has become the widely recognized method for the treatment of inoperable locally advanced esophageal carcinoma. Nevertheless, clinical efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy remains to be enhanced. Nimotuzumab, the first human monoclonal antibody to treat malignant tumors in China, has been applied in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, glioma, pancreatic cancer and other malignant tumors, which yields significant survival benefits and causes mild adverse events. Hence, more and more scholars are paying attention to its application value in the treatment of esophageal cancer. In this article, research progress on the application of nimotuzumab in esophageal cancer was reviewed, aiming to provide new ideas for the treatment of esophageal cancer.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 577-583, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887693

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the roles of arachidonic acid cytochrome P450ω hydroxylase CYP4A14 in skeletal muscle regeneration after injury. Wild-type (WT) control mice and Cyp4a14 knockout (A14


Subject(s)
Animals , Arachidonic Acid , Cytochromes , Gene Knockout Techniques , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Mixed Function Oxygenases , Muscle, Skeletal , Regeneration
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 571-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887692

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effects of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolism in vascular calcification. We used 5/6 nephrectomy and high-phosphorus feeding to establish a model of vascular calcification in mice. Six weeks after nephrectomy surgery, vascular calcium content was measured, and Alizarin Red S and Von Kossa staining were applied to detect calcium deposition in aortic arch. Control aortas and calcified aortas were collected for mass spectrometry detection of arachidonic acid metabolites, and active molecules in lipoxygenase pathway were analyzed. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect changes in the expression of lipoxygenase in calcified aortas. Lipoxygenase inhibitor was used to clarify the effect of lipoxygenase metabolic pathways on vascular calcification. The results showed that 6 weeks after nephrectomy surgery, the aortic calcium content of the surgery group was significantly higher than that of the sham group (P < 0.05). Alizarin Red S staining and Von Kossa staining showed obvious calcium deposition in aortic arch from surgery group, indicating formation of vascular calcification. Nine arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolites were quantitated using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. The content of multiple metabolites (12-HETE, 11-HETE, 15-HETE, etc.) was significantly increased in calcified aortas, and the most abundant and up-regulated metabolite was 12-HETE. Furthermore, we examined the mRNA levels of metabolic enzymes that produce 12-HETE in calcified blood vessels and found the expression of arachidonate lipoxygenase-15 (Alox15) was increased. Blocking Alox15/12-HETE by Alox15 specific inhibitor PD146176 significantly decreased the plasma 12-HETE content, promoted calcium deposition in aortic arch and increased vascular calcium content. These results suggest that the metabolism of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase is activated in calcified aorta, and the Alox15/12-HETE signaling pathway may play a protective role in vascular calcification.


Subject(s)
12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid , Animals , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase , Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase/metabolism , Arachidonic Acid , Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids , Lipoxygenase/metabolism , Mice , Signal Transduction , Vascular Calcification
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of definitive radiotherapy with different doses on overall survival (OS) and identify the prognostic factors of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 2 344 ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) alone or chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were collected and analyzed retrospectively. After the propensity score matching (PSM)(1 to 2 ratio), all patients were divided into the low-dose group (equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, EQD 2Gy<60 Gy; n=303) and high-dose group (EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy; n=606) based on the dose of radiation. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox′s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59.6 months. After the PSM, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 66.5%, 34.7%, 27.2% in the low-dose group, 72.9%, 41.7% and 34.7% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.018). The 1-, 3-and 5-year progression-free survival rate was 52.2%, 27.2%, 23.1% in the low-dose group, 58.3%, 38.1% and 33.9% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.001). The outcomes of univariate analysis indicated that cervical/upper esophagus location, early (stage Ⅱ) AJCC clinical stage, node negative status, tumor length ≤5 cm, receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), receiving concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy were closely associated with better OS (all P<0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that tumor location, regional lymph node metastasis, concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Three-dimensional conformal or IMRT with EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy yields favorable survival outcomes for patients with locally advanced ESCC.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863457

ABSTRACT

With the development of the times, the comprehensive treatment technology of breast conserving or modified radical mastectomy plus radiotherapy for breast cancer has become more mature and perfect. As the first station of lymphatic drainage of breast, internal mammary lymph nodes have been paid much attention. At present, there is a controversy about whether the internal mammary lymph nodes are irradiated or not. Previous studies have shown that local lymph nodes irradiation containing internal mammary lymph nodes has survival benefit value. However, as a part of regional lymph nodse irradiation, internal mammary lymph nodes irradiation has also been proved to increase the toxicity of heart and lung, which leads to some research institutions and scholars to remain skeptical about internal mammary lymph nodes irradiation. In recent years, with the improvement of radiotherapy technology and equipment and the accumulation of clinical experience, more and more scholars tend to accept internal mammary lymph nodes radiotherapy. But we should pay attention to the indications of internal mammary lymph nodes irradiation, in order to select appropriate treatment options to achieve real benefits.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835627

ABSTRACT

Propolis is a bee wax rich in various phytocomponents and traditionally used to treat various ailments. Propolis is reported to possess an array of biological properties including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-diabetic as well as cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, renoprotective, and derma protective activities. A plethora of studies confirmed that propolis is effective against various types of cancer including head and neck, lung, liver, brain (glioma), pancreas, kidney, prostate, skin (melanoma), breast, oral, esophagus, gastric, colorectal, and bladder cancers. However, many researchers have demonstrated that propolis displays potent chemoprotective/chemopreventive or anti-cancer activity against only a few types of cancers like oral, gastrointestinal, dermal (melanoma), breast, and prostate cancers. Therefore, this mini-review only summarizes the chemopreventive/chemotherapeutic activities of propolis and its updated underlying mechanisms. Taken together, propolis displays potent chemoprotective or anti-cancer effect due to the presence of various phytocomponents which contribute to pro-apoptotic, cytotoxic, anti-proliferative (cell cycle arrest), anti-metastatic, anti-invasive, anti-angiogenic and anti-genotoxic or anti-mutagenic properties along with antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory functions. Hence, propolis could be used as an adjuvant for treating various cancers along with standard chemotherapeutic drugs. However, many large-scale clinical studies are needed to justify such applications.

10.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 177-182, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design and synthesize a series of combined compounds of coumarins and anilinopyrimidines (7a-7j) investigate their anti-NSCLC activities in vitro. METHODS: The target compounds were obtained by condensation of anilinopyrimidines and coumarin derivatives via the combination principle, then the anti-NSCLC activity of these compounds was studied by MTT. Molecular docking studies were performed to afford the binding mode of the compound and EGFR. RESULTS: The structures of the target compounds were confirmed by MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Compounds 7a-7j displayed different degrees of inhibitory activities on the proliferation of NSCLC cell line H1975 (IC50=2.70-17.59 μmol•L-1). Six compounds showed higher anti-proliferative activity on H1975 cells than gefitinib (IC50=9.18 μmol•L-1). CONCLUSION: Compound 7j (IC50=2.70 μmol•L-1) has the best inhibitory effect on H1975 cells, suggesting that 7j may be a potential anti-NSCLC agent for further investigation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774522

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the function of GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase(GMPP) function and its regulation in polysaccharide biosynthesis mechanism in Dendrobium. D. huoshanense was used to clone GMPP gene. GMPP gene expression in D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme was also determined by qPCR. The results showed that the length of D. huoshanense GMPP gene c DNA sequence is 1 867 bp,containing 1 245 bp open reading frame(ORF),encoding 415 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme are closely related with GMPP taken into consideration. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that GMPP sequence similarity among the three species reached as high as 99%. qPCR results indicated that GMPP genes was highly expressed in stem of D. huoshanense compared with its leaf,flower and root. According to GMPP gene expression profile in D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme grown in Huoshan area,it was clear that GMPP in D. huoshanense showed the highest expression level. Furthermore,our findings of GMPP gene expression profile will facilitate future researches into its polysaccharide biosynthetic mechanism.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Dendrobium , Genetics , Nucleotidyltransferases , Genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Polysaccharides
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 135-139, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804787

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy and treatment-related toxicity of high dose versus standard dose radiotherapy in concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).@*Methods@#From 2005 to 2012, 183 pairs of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were enrolled, all had undergone CCRT based on three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). A propensity score was constructed to match the cohort. The overall survival (OS), local control (LC) probability, as well as the acute and late toxicities between standard-dose and high-dose groups were compared.@*Results@#Patients in the high-dose group had significantly better OS and LC probability compared with those in the standard-dose group: the 3-, 5- and 10-year LC rate were 60.9%, 57.6%, 52.3% versus 50.8%, 46.4%, 30.8%, respectively (P=0.032). The 3-, 5- and 10-year OS were 44.3%, 36.9% and 24.5% for high-dose group, and 31.7%, 20.6% and 14.1% for the standard-dose group, respectively(P=0.002). The incidence of acute radiation esophagitis (especially in grade 2 and 3) was 63.9% in high-dose group, which was significantly higher than that in the standard-dose group (59.6%). Severe (≥ grade 3) late-onset esophagitis was observed in neither group. The grade 4 acute esophagitis was rare. There was no significant difference in the incidence of radiation pneumonitis, gastrointestinal reactions or hematological toxicities between the two groups. Six patients in high-dose group and two patients in standard-dose group experienced ≥ grade 4 leukocytopenia, while no one experienced > grade 3 thrombocytopenia and anemia in both group.@*Conclusions@#60 Gy was the preferred dosage of CCRT in patients with ESCC. Compared with standard-dose, the high-dose CCRT yielded slightly increased mild to moderate acute radiation esophagitis, while life-threatening toxicities were not increased.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 102-106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804781

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MR-DWI) technique in predicting the efficacy of radiotherapy in patients with esophageal cancer, using experimental animal models.@*Methods@#BALB/c nude mice were subcutaneously injected with Eca-109 cell lines and then tumor formed. The experimental group (16 cases) received a single dose of 15 Gy (6 MV X-rays) delivered by a medical linear accelerator, while the control group (24 cases) did not receive any treatment. The two groups were scanned every other day, started one day before the radiotherapy. The scanning sequences included T1-weight imaging, T2-weight imaging, and DWI. The observation time was 1 month. According to the changes of the tumor volume and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the two groups, 7 key time points were selected to observe the difference of cell density and tissue necrosis ratio between the two groups (6 cases in each group).@*Results@#From day 7 after radiotherapy, the experimental group had statistically smaller volume of transplanted tumors than the control group, namely (1.729±0.906) cm3 vs (2.671±0.915) cm3(P<0.05). From day 3 after radiotherapy, the experimental group had statistically higher ADC values [(1.017±0.255)×10-6 vs (0.833±0.142)×10-6 mm2/s, P<0.05], lower cell density of transplanted tumor (25.56±1.40 vs 33.48±4.18%, P<0.05), and less proportion of tissue necrosis [(32.19±1.21) % vs (29.16±2.16)%, P<0.05], respectively. The ADC value was negatively correlated with cell density (r=-0.703, P<0.001) and positively correlated with tissue necrosis ratio (r=0.658, P=0.003).@*Conclusions@#Single dose of large fraction radiotherapy could inhibit the growth of xenograft. ADC values may change at the early stage prior to morphological changes of tumor. The change of cell density and necrosis ratio of transplanted tumor are in line with the change of ADC value. MR-DWI has the value of early prediction of esophageal cancer radiotherapy efficacy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801928

ABSTRACT

Objective: Harmonization method is one of the eight unique methods of traditional Chinese medicine with important application value in clinic. Based on the effect of harmonization method in regulating cold and heat, the mechanism of Huangliantang in treating chronic non-atrophic gastritis(CNAG) on rats were studied. Method: Rats were divided into normal group (n=10) and CNAG model group (n=50). The model of CNAG rats was induced by chemical stimulation combined with hunger and satiety. The model group was randomly divided into 5 groups, namely the model group, the Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group, and the high, middle and low-dose Huangliantang groups, with 8 rats in each group. After the model was successfully established, the Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group (0.04 g·kg-1), the high, middle, low dose Huangliantang group (11.00,5.48,2.74 g·kg-1), the blank group and the model group were given the same dose of saline for 4 weeks, and then the samples were collected. The histological changes of gastric mucosa were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). immunohistochemistry(IHC) was used to detect nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and its inhibitory protein receptor (IκBα), protein expression. Real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect IκBα, NF-κB mRNA expressions. Result: In the model group, the gastric mucosa was damaged, a large number of inflammatory cells were infiltrated, the serum inflammatory factors increased significantly, mRNA and protein expressions of IκBα decreased, and mRNA and protein expressions of NF-κB increased in the gastric tissue (PκBα was up-regulated, IκBα protein was increased, while the expression of NF-κB mRNA was down-regulated, and NF-κB protein was decreased. The Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group and the high-dose Huangliantang group had the most obvious improvement (PPConclusion: Huangliantang for regulating cold and heat based on the harmonization method can effectively alleviate the degree of gastric mucosal injury, and reduce serum inflammatory factors in CNAG rats. The mechanism is related to the up-regulation of IκBα mRNA expression, and the down-regulation of NF-κB mRNA expression and NF-κB protein expression in gastric mucosa.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849836

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is one of the malignant tumors originated from keratinocytes. In recent years, bioinformatics has been widely used in the research of cSCC, including genomics, transcriptionomics and proteomics. Transcriptionomics is to study the function and structure of genes at the overall level, and reveal the molecular mechanism of specific biological processes. At present, microarray (gene chip) analysis method has been studied deeply. The selection and processing of gene chip expression database, online analysis platform and related software, as well as the latest research progress of gene expression chip in cSCC have herewith been reviewed in present paper.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755057

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of tumor length on the prognosis in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy and to evaluate the role of tumor length in clinical stage for non-operative ESCC patients.Methods The data of 2 086 ESCC patients who were treated with definitive radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals (3JECROG) were analyzed.The effect of tumor length on overall survival (OS) was analyzed and stratified analysis of tumor length was done in different stages of ESCC.Results The median OS and median progression-free survival (PFS) time of the whole group were 25.6 months and 18.2 months respectively.The Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment moda,aga,alinical stage and tumor length were independent prognostic factors.The median,1-,3-,and 5-year OS were 28.9 months,77.3%,45.0%,and 36.3% versus 21.9 months,69.9%,37.9%,and 28.1% for patients with ≤ 5 cm and patients > 5 cm respectively (P<0.05).For stage Ⅱ patienta,abe median OS were 42.1 and 38.9 months respectively in ≤ 5 cm group and>5 cm group (P=0.303).And for stage Ⅲ patienta,abe median OS were 23.9 and 19.3 months respectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).The median OS with N1was 24.1 and 18.4 montha,aespectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).Conclusions The tumor length was an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ patients treated definitive radiotherapy.The tumor length may be helpful in clinical staging of ESCa,aspecially for stage Ⅲ and N1.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755016

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in predicting radiotherapy sensitivity of esophageal cancer from the animal model level.Methods BALB/c nude mice were subcutaneously injected with Eca-109 cell lines to form xenograft tumors.The tumors received a single dose of 15 Gy (6 MV X-rays) in the experimental group or had no any treatment as control.The volume of transplanted tumor,the change of ADC,MK and MD values,and the tumor cell density and necrosis ratio of these two groups were observed at the corresponding time points.Results The growth of xenograft volume in the experimental group was suppressed and it was significantly smaller than that in the control group (t=3.206-6.149,P<0.05) at the 7th day after radiotherapy.From the 3rd day after radiotherapy,the ADC and MD values of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group,and the MK values was lower than those in the control group (tADC =-11.018--2.049,tMD =-6.609--2.052,tMK =2.492-9.323,P<0.05).Meanwhile,the tumor cell density of the control group was higher than that of the experimental group,and the proportion of necrosis in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (tdensity =-8.387--2.239,t is =2.980-17.430,P<0.05).Conclusions A single large dose radiation could inhibit the growth of xenograft.ADC,MK,MD values changed at the early stage prior to morphological changes of tumor in consistent with the change of cell density and necrosis ratio.DKI has the potential value in predicting radiotherapy sensitivity of esophageal carcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771729

ABSTRACT

Epoxy ether type and isophthalene type saponin are the main saponins of Bupleurum chinense. However,due to the difference of their UV spectrum,there is no quantitative method for simultaneous determination of these two kinds of saponins. In this paper,a dual-wavelength high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was developed for simultaneous determination of five saponins in epoxidized ether(saikosaponin a,c,d) and isosorbide type(saikosaponin b1,b2). The mobile phase was eluted with acetonitrile-water(0.1% phosphoric acid) gradient at a column temperature of 30 °C and a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹. The detection wavelengths were 208 nm for saikosaponins a,c, and d, and 254 nm for saikosaponins b₁ and b₂. The results showed that the separation of five kinds of saikosaponin was good, with the linear range of 9.70-1 935.00(=0.999 4),8.20-1 380.00(=0.999 3),6.90-1 640.00(=0.999 0),5.25-630.00(=0.999 4), and 5.15-618.00 mg·L⁻¹(=0.999 5), respectively. The average recoveries were 97.70%-100.2% and the RSD was less than 3%(=6). The method is simple,rapid and reproducible. It can be used for the determination of five kinds of saikosaponins in B. chinense.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Oleanolic Acid , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Saponins
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