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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 193-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the protective effect of breviscapine against brain injury induced by intrauterine inflammation in preterm rats and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A preterm rat model of brain injury caused by intrauterine inflammation was prepared by intraperitoneal injections of lipopolysaccharide in pregnant rats. The pregnant rats and preterm rats were respectively randomly divided into 5 groups: control, model, low-dose breviscapine (45 mg/kg), high-dose breviscapine (90 mg/kg), and high-dose breviscapine (90 mg/kg)+ML385 [a nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) inhibitor, 30 mg/kg] (n=10 each). The number and body weight of the live offspring rats were measured for each group. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of the uterus and placenta of pregnant rats and the pathological morphology of the brain tissue of offspring rats. Immunofluorescent staining was used to measure the co-expression of ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule-1 (IBA-1) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in the cerebral cortex of offspring rats. ELISA was used to measure the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the brain tissue of offspring rats. Western blotting was used to measure the expression of Nrf2 pathway-related proteins in the brain tissue of offspring rats.@*RESULTS@#Pathological injury was found in the uterus, and placenta tissue of the pregnant rats and the brain tissue of the offspring rats, and severe microglia pyroptosis occurred in the cerebral cortex of the offspring rats in the model group. Compared with the control group, the model group had significant reductions in the number and body weight of the live offspring rats and the protein expression levels of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the brain tissue of the offspring rats (P<0.05), but significant increases in the relative fluorescence intensity of the co-expression of IBA-1 and NLRP3, the levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, and IL-1β, and the protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the brain tissue of the offspring rats (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the breviscapine administration groups showed alleviated pathological injury of the uterus and placenta tissue of the pregnant rats and the brain tissue of the offspring rats, significant increases in the number and body weight of the live offspring rats and the protein expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the brain tissue of the offspring rats (P<0.05), and significant reductions in the relative fluorescence intensity of the co-expression of IBA-1 and NLRP3, the levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, and IL-1β, and the protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the brain tissue of the offspring rats (P<0.05). The high-dose breviscapine group had a significantly better effect than the low-dose breviscapine (P<0.05). ML385 significantly inhibited the intervention effect of high-dose breviscapine (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Breviscapine can inhibit inflammatory response in brain tissue of preterm rats caused by intrauterine inflammation by activating the Nrf2 pathway, and it can also inhibit microglial pyroptosis and alleviate brain injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Body Weight , Brain Injuries/prevention & control , Caspase 1 , Inflammation/drug therapy , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Flavonoids/therapeutic use
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 10-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study assesses the impact of iodine-rich processed foods and dining places on the iodine nutritional status of children.@*METHODS@#School-aged children (SAC) in seven provinces in China were selected by school-based multi-stage sampling. Urinary iodine, salt iodine, and thyroid volume (TVOL) were determined. Questionnaires were used to investigate dining places and iodine-rich processed foods. The water iodine was from the 2017 national survey. Multi-factor regression analysis was used to find correlations between variables.@*RESULTS@#Children ate 78.7% of their meals at home, 15.1% at school canteens, and 6.1% at other places. The percentage of daily iodine intake from water, iodized salt, iodine-rich processed foods, and cooked food were 1.0%, 79.2%, 1.5%, and 18.4%, respectively. The salt iodine was correlated with the urinary iodine and TVOL, respectively (r = 0.999 and -0.997, P < 0.05). The iodine intake in processed foods was weakly correlated with the TVOL (r = 0.080, P < 0.01). Non-iodized salt used in processed foods or diets when eating out had less effect on children's iodine nutrition status.@*CONCLUSION@#Iodized salt remains the primary source of daily iodine intake of SAC, and processed food has less effect on iodine nutrition. Therefore, for children, iodized salt should be a compulsory supplement in their routine diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/analysis , China , Water
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3255-3262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981462

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease(CAD) caused by atherosclerosis(AS) is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. The pathogenesis of CAD is complex, and the subset and function of cardiac macrophages are important factors affecting the occurrence and development of AS and the prognosis of CAD. Recent studies have shown that some traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) formulas and active ingredients can regulate macrophage subsets involved in the inflammation, injury, and repair process of CAD. This paper summarized the significant role of macrophages in AS and myocardial infarction. Based on the plasticity of macrophages, this paper elaborated that traditional Chinese medicine prevented and attenuated AS by regulating macrophage subsets, reducing the level of inflammatory factors, and promoting macrophage autophagy.Traditional Chinese medicine participated in the cardiac repair process after myocardial infarction by accelerating the recruitment of M2 macrophages, inhibiting the polarization of M1 macrophages mediated by glycolysis, inhibiting M1 macrophage-mediated cardiac nerve remodeling, and promoting M2 macrophage-mediated angiogenesis. In addition, in vitro studies on the regulation of macrophage subsets by the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine were also reviewed. It was pointed out that nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB), adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK), phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt), chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 2/C-C chemokine receptor type 2(CCL2/CCR2) were the key targets and pathways for the regulation of macrophages by TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Artery Disease , Inflammation/drug therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Macrophages , NF-kappa B
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1916-1926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981411

ABSTRACT

The immunomodulatory effect of Saposhnikoviae Radix polysaccharide(SRP) was evaluated based on the zebrafish mo-del, and its mechanism was explored by transcriptome sequencing and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR). The immune-compromised model was induced by navelbine in the immunofluorescence-labeled transgenic zebrafish Tg(lyz: DsRed), and the effect of SRP on the density and distribution of macrophages in zebrafish was evaluated. The effect of SRP on the numbers of macrophages and neutrophils in wild-type AB zebrafish was detected by neutral red and Sudan black B staining. The content of NO in zebrafish was detected by DAF-FM DA fluorescence probe. The content of IL-1β and IL-6 in zebrafish was detected by ELISA. The differentially expressed genes(DEGs) of zebrafish in the blank control group, the model group, and the SRP treatment group were analyzed by transcriptome sequencing. The immune regulation mechanism was analyzed by Gene Ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)enrichment, and the expression levels of key genes were verified by RT-qPCR. The results showed that SRP could significantly increase the density of immune cells in zebrafish, increase the number of macrophages and neutrophils, and reduce the content of NO, IL-1β, and IL-6 in immune-compromised zebrafish. The results of transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that SRP could affect the expression level of immune-related genes on Toll-like receptor pathway and herpes simplex infection pathway to affect the release of downstream cytokines and interferon, thereby completing the activation process of T cells and playing a role in regulating the immune activity of the body.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Cytokines/genetics , Macrophages , Transcriptome
5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 52-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of liver injury in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to explore its impact on the condition and prognosis of patients.Methods:The medical records of 67 patients with COVID-19 who presented with pneumonia hospitalized at Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from February 11 to March 28, 2020 were collected. The results of liver biochemistry and coagulation function test at admission were analyzed. Data were compared by chi-square test, analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results:Among 67 patients, total bilirubin increased in seven (10.4%) patients, which was slightly abnormal, albumin decreased in 36(53.7%) cases, and was below 30 g/L in 15(22.4%) cases, alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) were elevated in 19(28.4%) and 12(17.9%) cases, respectively. A total of 22(32.8%) cases had elevated ALT and (or) AST. The incidences with elevated ALT and (or) AST in moderate and severe patients were 33.3%(10/30) and 26.9%(7/26), respectively. Five of 11 critical patients had elevated ALT and (or) AST. There was no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=1.21, P=0.546). Abnormal alkaline phosphatase and (or) γ-glutamyl transpeptidase were observed in 11(16.4%) cases. The prolongation of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) occurred in 10(14.9%) and 17(25.4%) patients, respectively, while most of them were slightly abnormal. Only one patient presented with prolongation of PT and APTT meeting the standard of liver failure. A total of 61.2%(41/67) and 65.7%(44/67) of cases showed increase of fibrinogen and D-dimer, respectively, and 28.4%(19/67) and 19.4%(13/67), respectively increased to an obvious extent. The albumin levels in moderate, severe and critical patients were (37.85±6.19) g/L, (32.96±4.33) g/L and (33.02±3.63) g/L, respectively, which were significantly different ( F=7.36, P=0.001). There were significant differences in PT, APTT, fibrinogen and D-dimer among the three groups ( F=3.22, 3.31, 4.06 and H=17.63, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions:COVID-19 only leads to mild liver injury and has only mild impact on liver function. The decrease of albumin level and the increase of fibrinogen and D-dimer may be early predicting indexes for the disease severity.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 137-145, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-angiogenic activity of Kunxian Capsule (KX) extract and explore the underlying molecular mechanism using zebrafish.@*METHODS@#The KX extract was prepared with 5.0 g in 100 mL of 40% methanol followed by ultrasonication and freeze drying. Freeze dried KX extract of 10.00 mg was used as test stock solution. Triptolide and icariin, the key bioactive compounds of KX were analyzed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography. The transgenic zebrafish Tg(flk1:GFP) embryos were dechorionated at 20-h post fertilization (hpf) and treated with PTK 787, and 3.5, 7, 14 and 21 µg/mL of KX extract, respectively. After 24-h post exposure (hpe), mortality and malformation (%), intersegmental vessels (ISV) formation, and mRNA expression level of angiogenic pathway genes including phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) were determined. Further, the embryos at 72 hpf were treated with KX extract to observe the development of sub-intestinal vein (SIV) after 24 hpe.@*RESULTS@#The chromatographic analysis of test stock solution of KX extract showed that triptolide and icariin was found as 0.089 mg/g and 48.74 mg/g, respectively, which met the requirements of the national drug standards. In zebrafish larvae experiment, KX extract significantly inhibited the ISV (P<0.01) and SIV formation (P<0.05). Besides, the mRNA expression analysis showed that KX extract could significantly suppress the expressions of PI3K and AKT, thereby inhibiting the mRNA levels of ERKs and MAPK. Moreover, the downstream signaling cascade affected the expression of VEGF and its receptors (VEGFR and VEGFR-2). FGF-2, a strong angiogenic factor, was also down-regulated by KX treatment in zebrafish larvae.@*CONCLUSION@#KX extract exhibited anti-angiogenic effects in zebrafish embryos by regulating PI3K/AKT-MAPK-VEGF pathway and showed promising potential for RA treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Zebrafish
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1894-1903, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978663

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the anti-osteoporotic activity and mechanism of action of extract of Panax quiquefolium L. based on zebrafish model combined with metabolomics technology. A zebrafish model of prednisolone-induced osteoporosis was used to compare the anti-osteoporotic activity of Panax quiquefolium L., and the expression of osteoblast-associated genes and osteoclast-associated genes in zebrafish was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), using bone fluorescence area and fluorescence density as evaluation indexes. Metabolomics based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) was used to explore the change patterns of biomarkers and the metabolic pathways affected. The results showed that the 50% ethanol extracts of Panax quiquefolium L. from Jilin, Canada, Wenden and the United States can significantly improve the bone fluorescence area of zebrafish compared with model group. Furthermore, four sources 50% ethanol extracts of Panax quiquefolium L. except United States also can significantly improve the bone fluorescence density of zebrafish. In addition, PCR showed that extract of Panax quiquefolium L. can significantly up-regulated the expression of vitamin D receptor b (vdrb), collagen type I α2 (col1a2) and cysteine-rich acidic secreted protein (sparc) genes, and down-regulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (mmp9), anti-tartrase acid phosphatase (trap) and cathepsin K (ctsk) genes. Metabolomic analysis identified 24 key differential metabolites. Furthermore, pathway analysis showed that Panax quiquefolium L. could regulate the levels of 10 key biomarkers by participating in purine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and pentose phosphate metabolism and improve the osteoporosis status of zebrafish. This study preliminically revealed the anti-osteoporosis mechanism of 50% ethanol extract from Panax quiquefolium L. through multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway and also provides theoretical basis for clinical development and utilization of anti-osteoporosis products of Panax quiquefolium L. This experiment was approved by the Experimental Animal Welfare Ethics Committee of the Institute of Biology, Shandong Academy of Sciences (approval number: SWS20181002).

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 206-210, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and types of thalassemia in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.@*METHODS@#Automatic capillary electrophoresis was used to screen the thalassemia phenotypes of 22 940 blood samples of pregnant women and puerperants collected in our hospital and some other medical institutions in the prefecture during 2017-2019, among which there were 3 356 cases of Tujia ethnicity, 2 821 cases of Miao ethnicity, and 2 233 cases of Han ethnicity included, whose ethnicity were indicated. The samples with positive result would undergo further genetic testing.@*RESULTS@#There were 2 314 cases of suspicious thalassemia were screened from 22 940 cases by the electrophoresis, thus the positive rate was 10.1% (hematological phenotypes from some other institutions were not included). Specifically, there were 1 706 cases with HBA2 less than 2.5%, 255 cases with HBA2 ranged from 2.5% to 3.5%, which displayed abnormal hematology (MCV or/and MCH) or other abnormal bands, and 353 cases with HBA2>3.5%. There were 436 suspected positive patients in 2 314 suspicious samples received further thalassemia gene testing in our hospital, among them 48 cases were diagnosed with α-thalassemia, 85 cases with β-thalassemia, and 2 cases as compound type. The positive diagnosis rate of α-thalassemia gene test was 11.0%, β-thalassemia was 19.4%, and positive pregnant women was 31.0%.@*CONCLUSION@#The positive rate of thalassemia screening in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture is roughly the same as that in other regions of Hunan. The positive predictive value of β-thalassemia screening is as high as 86%. Compared with the missed screening data, it is recommended to use hematology (MCV, MCH) method combined with capillary hemoglobin electrophoresis for thalassemia screening.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Ethnicity , Genetic Testing , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2099-2108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928150

ABSTRACT

According to the polarity of different components in Sanpian Decoction, two fingerprints were established. Then the substance benchmark freeze-dried powder of 15 batches of Sanpian Decoction was prepared, followed by the determination of the fingerprints, index component content, and dry extract rates, the identification of attribution of characteristic peaks, and the calculation of similarities between these fingerprints and the reference(R), the content and transfer rate ranges of ferulic acid, sinapine thiocyanate, liquiritin, and glycyrrhizic acid, and the dry extract rate range. The results showed that the similarities of 15 batches of the substance benchmark fingerprints with R were all greater than 0.900.Further summarization of the characteristic peaks revealed that there were a total of 20 characteristic peaks in fingerprint 1, among which, eight were from Sinapis Semen, four from Paeoniae Radix Alba, six from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and two from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. A total of 16 characteristic peaks were observed in fingerprint 2, including one from Sinapis Semen, three from Paeoniae Radix Alba, eight from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and four from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The average dry extract rate of 15 batches of substance benchmarks was 18.25%, with a dry extract rate range of 16.28%-20.76%. The index component content and transfer rate ranges were listed as follows: 0.15%-0.18% and 38.81%-58.05% for ferulic acid; 0.26%-0.42% and 36.51%-51.02% for sinapine thiocyanate; 0.09%-0.15% and 48.80%-76.61% for liquiritin; 0.13%-0.24% and 23.45%-35.61% for glycyrrhizic acid. The fingerprint, dry extract rate, and index component content determination was combined for analyzing the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks in the classic prescription Sanpian Decoction.The established quality evaluation method for the substance benchmarks was stable and feasible, which has provided a basis for the quality control of Sanpian Decoction and the follow-up development of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Paeonia , Quality Control , Thiocyanates
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 358-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927977

ABSTRACT

Taste is an important factor affecting the medicinal properties of oral preparations and patient compliance with medication, and also an important evaluation index for oral preparation design and clinical application. How to characterize the taste objectively, accurately, simply, and efficiently is a bottleneck problem that restricts the taste design, development, and utilization of oral preparations. At present, the commonly used taste assessment methods for oral preparations are traditional human taste panel, electronic tongue, animal preference test, in vitro release study, and electrophysiological test. The traditional human taste panel is the first choice for taste evaluation, but it is limited by poor subjectivity and reproducibility. Therefore, despite some limitations, the other four taste assessment methods have been applied in the pharmaceutical industry as auxiliary methods. This study reviewed the detection principles, applicability, advantages, and disadvantages of the above methods to provide references for the taste correction research and taste assessment of oral preparations, improve patient compliance and the competitiveness of oral preparation products in the industry, and promote the development of oral preparation technologies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Administration, Oral , Electronic Nose , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reproducibility of Results , Taste
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935370

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of blood lead and blood selenium with serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) among Chinese adults aged 19 to 79 years. Methods: The participants were enrolled from the first wave of China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) conducted from 2017 to 2018. 10 153 participants aged 19 to 79 years were included in this study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from participants. Lead and selenium in whole blood and hs-CRP in serum were measured. Individuals with hs-CRP levels above 3.0 mg/L were defined as elevated hs-CRP. Generalized linear mixed models and restricted cubic spline models were used to analyze the association of blood lead and blood selenium with elevated hs-CRP. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the multiplicative scale and additive scale interaction between blood lead and blood selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Results: The age of participants was (48.91±15.38) years, of which 5 054 (61.47%) were male. 1 181 (11.29%) participants were defined as elevated hs-CRP. After multivariable adjustment, results from generalized linear models showed that compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood lead, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third, and highest quartiles were 1.14 (0.94-1.37), 1.25 (1.04-1.52) and 1.38 (1.13-1.68), respectively. When compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood selenium, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third and highest quartiles were 0.86 (0.72-1.04), 0.91 (0.76-1.11), and 0.75 (0.61-0.92), respectively. Results from the interaction analysis showed no significant interaction between lead and selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Conclusion: Blood concentration of lead was positively associated with elevated serum hs-CRP, and blood concentration of selenium was inversely related to elevated hs-CRP, while blood lead and selenium did not present interaction on elevated hs-CRP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Selenium
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1880-1886, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929440

ABSTRACT

This study establishes a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) method for the simultaneous determination of gallic acid, sodium danshensu, protocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, vanillin, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, eugenol, cryptotanshinone and tanshinone IIA in Guanxinshutong capsules (Bambusae Concretio Silicea, Salvia miltiorrhiza, clove, borneol, Bambusae Concretio Silicea) by HPLC. Sample was loaded onto an Agilent C18 (ZORBAX Extend-RP C18, 250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) column and eluted with methanol-0.4% aqueous formic acid solution as a flow phase gradient, flow speed 1.0 mL·min-1, detection wavelength 280 nm, column temperature 35 ℃ and sample intake of 5 µL. Using protocatechuic acid as the internal reference, a relative correction factor was calculated and the durability was investigated, and the content of 10 components was calculated by QAMS and external standard method (ESM). The results show that the specificity, linear relationship, precision, repeatability, and stability of the 10 components were good. The average recovery was 98.20%-103.47% and RSD was 1.26%-2.84%. The relative positive factors and contents of the other nine components were calculated as gallic acid (0.759, 227.381), sodium tanshinol (3.630, 3.283), protocatechualdehyde (0.185, 0.150), vanillin (0.532, 65.213), rosmarinic acid (4.240, 1.035), salvianolic acid B (3.245, 18.204), eugenol (1.729, 9.265), cryptotanshinone (0.691, 1.449), and tanshinone ⅡA (0.702, 1.939). The results of QAMS were consistent with ESM analysis, and the relative error was between -3% and 3%. This method is stable and reliable, and can be used for the determination of 10 components in Guanxinshutong capsules.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 174-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960388

ABSTRACT

Background A large number of studies on fluoride-induced systemic bone damage have been reported previously, but there is little understanding of the characteristics of fluoride accumulation in jawbone. Jawbone is homologous to the other bone tissues in the body, and is an indispensable and important frame structure in the oral cavity. Objective To study fluoride accumulation and its change trends in teeth, jawbone, and femur of SD rats with chronic drinking-water-borne fluorosis. Methods A total of 144 three-week-old SD rats, half male and half female, were randomly divided into two groups, a normal control group and a fluoride group. The rats in the normal controlgroup drank purified water disinfected and filtered from Guizhou, and the water contained 0.08 mg·kg−1 fluoride which was lower than the national water quality standard at 1 mg·kg−1. The rats in the fluoride group were fed with sodium fluoride (NaF) solution with a concentration of 150 mg·L−1. At 3, 5 and 7 months of the fluoride exposure, the levels of fluoride in urine, blood, teeth, jawbone, and femur were measured by fluoride ion electrode method. Results There was no sex difference in fluoride content in different biological samples of rats in the fluoride group and the normal control group (all P>0.05). After 3 months of fluoride exposure, the rats in the fluoride group showed dental fluorosis of grade II, and higher levels of fluoride ion in blood and urine than the normal control group (all P<0.05), indicating that the rat model of fluoride drinking-water-borne chronic fluorosis was successfully replicated. In the normal control group, the levels of fluoride in femur remained stable; at the end of 3 months, the levels of fluoride in jawbone and teeth were (1097.36±470.34) and (453.09±173.43) mg·kg−1 respectively, and at the end of 7 months, the levels of fluoride in jawbone and teeth were (2113.18±634.49) and (1604.80±160.43) mg·kg−1 respectively. Both jawbone and teeth showed a positive temporal effect of increasing fluoride accumulation (P<0.05). After continuous fluoride feeding, the fluoride levels in jawbone, teeth, and femur of rats in the fluoride group were (3145.02±765.82), (1550.20±77.73), and (3640.55±699.42) mg·kg−1 after 3 months, and (8420.36±1728.56), (4702.08±1417.06), and (6091.99±1384.97) mg·kg−1 after 7 months. The three kinds of hard tissues all showed a positive temporal effect of increasing fluoride accumulation (P<0.05), and the cumulative increas was large than that in the normal control group. Among them, jawbone fluorine increased most. At the end of 5 months, the levels of fluoride in jawbone, femur, and teeth were (6485.02±2141.98), (4914.99±1529.41), and (3365.21±1462.27) mg·kg−1 respectively, and the levels of fluoride in jawbone was much higher than those in femur and teeth (P<0.05). Conclusion Hard tissues such as bones and teeth are fluorine sensitive tissues. Compared with femur, jawbone showed significantly high fluoride accumulation, while teeth show relatively lagging fluoride accumulation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 626-633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of fluoride on growth and development of bone microstructure of rats condyle subchondral bone (RCSB).Methods:Forty two 3-week-old SD rats (half male and half female) were fed adaptively for 1 week, and 3 females and 3 males were sacrificed and recorded as 0 month. The remaining rats were randomly divided into control group ( n = 18) and fluoride exposed group ( n = 18) according to their body weight (55 - 70 g), half male and half female. The fluoride exposed group was fed with 150 mg/L sodium fluoride (NaF) aqueous solution, and the control group was fed with tap water. The two groups of experimental animals were sacrificed at 3, 5 and 7 month, respectively, 6 rats in each group, half male and half female. The right mandibular condyle was separated, and Micro CT scanning was performed to detect the microstructure parameters of RCSB. Results:In fluoride exposed group (3 month), bone surface/tissue volume (BS/TV), bone surface/bone volume (BS/BV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), structure model index (SMI), connectivity, connectivity density (Conn.D) and total porosity of female rats were significantly different from those of male rats ( t = - 5.10, - 5.58, 4.52, - 4.32, - 4.03, - 2.81, - 6.71, - 3.32, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in each index between female and male rats in fluoride exposed group (5, 7 month, P > 0.05). Conclusion:In chronic fluorine exposure bone environment, the RCSB bone microarchitecture of male and female rats is different with time, showing the tendency of fluoride injury that the bone changes of female rats are slowed and the bone changes of male rats are active.

15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 622-628, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004221

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To systematically evaluate the correlation between pretransfusion prophylactic medication and the incidence of adverse reactions to blood transfusion(ARBT) by Meta analysis. 【Methods】 The relevant literature concerning the effect of pretransfusion prophylactic medication on the incidence of ARBT was searched via Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP databases, with the date duration from database creation to May 9, 2021. The literature was independently screened by two researchers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, relevant data information was extracted, quality evaluation was performed, and Meta analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. 【Results】 A total of 36 publications were finally included, involving 137 996 transfusion recipients, of which 62 581 were administered medication before transfusion while 75 415 not. And1742 patients experienced ARBT. Meta analysis results showed that the incidence of ARBT in the pre-transfusion medication group was not statistically different from that in the non-medication group {[RR=0. 88, 95% CI(0.76, 1.01), P>0.05]}, the incidence of febrile reactions was lower in the pre-transfusion group than in the control {[RR=0. 72, 95% CI(0.61, 0.86), P0.05] vs [RR=0. 24, 95% CI(0.03, 2.13), P>0.05]. Pre-transfusion use of dexamethasone, isoproterenol, and niclosamide had no preventive effect on ARBT, i. e. [RR=0. 91, 95% CI(0.79, 1.04), P>0.05] vs [RR=0. 83, 95% CI(0.68, 1.01), P>0.05] vs [RR=1.21, 95% CI(0.69, 2.10), P>0.05]. 【Conclusion】 The incidence of ARBT in the pre-transfusion prophylaxis group was not significantly different from that in the control without considering the patient's history of transfusion, history of ARBT, and use of leukocyte-deleted blood products. The incidence of febrile reactions in the pre-transfusion medication group was lower than that in the control, and further studies in larger randomized controlled trials of higher quality still need to be established due to the suboptimal quality of the included literature and study size. Strictly grasping the indications for blood transfusion, strengthening the monitoring and awareness of ARBT, and using life-saving drugs rationally remain the key clinical concerns.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 278-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association among job burnout, tolerance to uncertainty and working with sickness in clinical nurses. METHODS: A total of 1 159 clinical nurses from 10 cities in Henan Province and Fujian Province were recruited by stratified cluster sampling method and tested by questionnaires including the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale-14, the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12, the Sickness Presenteeism Questionnaire, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-general Survey. Bootstrap was used to analyze the association among perceived stress, tolerance to uncertainty, working with sickness and job burnout. RESULTS: Perceived stress score was(31.4±4.8), and 802(69.2%) of nurses had high perceived stress level. The score of tolerance to uncertainty was(29.8±8.5), and the score of working with sickness score was(5.5±2.0). The job burnout score was(47.9±11.8), and 570(49.2%) nurses had job burnout. Bootstrap test results showed that the perceived stress score positively affected job burnout score [standardized partial regression coefficient(β)=0.30, P<0.01]. Working with sickness score played a regulatory role between perceived stress and job burnout scores(β=0.16, P<0.01), and tolerance to uncertainty score played an intermediary role between perceived stress and job burnout scores(β=0.08, P<0.01). The regulating effect of working with sickness score played a role through the mediation of tolerance to uncertainty score. CONCLUSION: Job burnout was very serious in clinical nurses. Perceived stress can directly or through tolerance to uncertainty affect the job burnout of clinical nurses and is synergistically affected by sickness presenteeism.

17.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 750-757, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922758

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside (GTW) is a commonly used compound for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and immune diseases in clinical practice. However, it can induce liver injury and the mechanism of hepatotoxicity is still not clear. This study was designed to investigate GTW-induced hepatotoxicity in zebrafish larvae and explore the mechanism involved. The 72 hpf (hours post fertilization) zebrafish larvae were administered with different concentrations of GTW for three days and their mortality, malformation rate, morphological changes in the liver, transaminase levels, and histopathological changes in the liver of zebrafish larvae were detected. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the levels of microRNA-122 (miR-122) and genes related to inflammation, apoptosis, cell proliferation and liver function. The results showed that GTW increased the mortality of zebrafish larvae, while significant malformations and liver damage occurred. The main manifestations were elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), significant liver atrophy, vacuoles in liver tissue, sparse cytoplasm, and unclear hepatocyte contours. RT-PCR results showed that the expression of miR-122 significantly decreased by GTW; the mRNA levels of inflammation-related genes il1β, il6, tnfα, il10, cox2 and ptges significantly increased; the mRNA level of tgfβ significantly decreased; the mRNA levels of apoptosis-related genes, caspase-8 and caspase-9, significantly increased; the mRNA level of bcl2 significantly decreased; the mRNA levels of cell proliferation-related genes, top2α and uhrf1, significantly reduced; the mRNA levels of liver function-related genes, alr and cyp3c1, significantly increased; and the mRNA level of cyp3a65 significantly decreased. In zebrafish, GTW can cause increased inflammation, enhanced apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation, and abnormal expression of liver function-related genes, leading to abnormal liver structure and function and resulting in hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Inflammation/genetics , Trans-Activators , Tripterygium , Zebrafish/genetics , Zebrafish Proteins
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 859-870, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921341

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the associations of sarcopenia, handgrip strength and calf circumference with cognitive impairment among Chinese older adults.@*Methods@#Totally 2,525 older adults were recruited from the Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study. Cognitive impairment was assessed by the Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination. Handgrip strength was calculated from the means of the right and left hand values. Calf circumference was measured at the site of maximum circumference of the non-dominant leg. The formula developed by Ishii was used to define sarcopenia. Multiple logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associations of sarcopenia, handgrip strength, and calf circumference with cognitive impairment.@*Results@#The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 34.36%. The adjusted odds ratio ( @*Conclusion@#Sarcopenia, identified by low handgrip strength and low calf circumference, was positively associated with cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Hand Strength , Leg/anatomy & histology , Logistic Models , Sarcopenia/pathology
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 243-247, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the irregular antibody positive rate and antibody specificity in children with thalassemia received long-term blood transfusion in Hainan area and analyze the causes of antibody screening positive.@*METHODS@#Micro-column gel method was used to screen the irregular antibody in 49 children who received transfusion treatment in our hospital, and the antibody specificity of the positive samples was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Fourteen of 49 cases showed positive for screening. Among them, 11 cases showed Rh blood group antibody after detecting antibody specificity, 1 case showed the coexistence of irregular antibody and autoantibody. One case for anti-JK@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the antibodies produced after long-term blood transfusion in the children with thalassemia belong to Rh blood group antibodies; the children with mixed thalassemia are more likely to produce antibodies; the antibody screening positive rate of Li nationality is higher than that of Han nationality, which may be caused by the genetic difference of blood type between Li nationality and Han nationality.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , ABO Blood-Group System , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Blood Transfusion , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , beta-Thalassemia
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1738-1742, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879087

ABSTRACT

With the process of urbanization and population aging in China, the burden of cardiovascular disease and the incidence of coronary heart disease among postmenopausal women have greatly increased. Studies have found that the incidence of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women is closely related to the level of estrogen, but there are still difficulties of low efficiency and large side effects in current therapies. Kidney deficiency has a strong correlation with reproductive development and overall function. The clinical manifestations and characteristics of postmenopausal coronary heart disease patients conform to the pathogenesis of kidney deficiency in traditional Chinese medicine. The kidney-invigorating method has a good efficacy in treating postmenopausal coronary heart disease patients. This paper summarizes clinical and pharmacological evidences, expounds the relationship between kidney deficiency and the level of estrogen, and the pathological mechanism of the kidney-tonifying method in the treatment of coronary heart disease, and defines the clinical efficacy and advantages of the kidney-tonifying method. The method may become an effective method to prevent and treat postmenopausal coronary heart disease, and is expected to benefit patients with coronary heart disease better.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Estrogens , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
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