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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1720-1725, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of multiple detection methods based on histopathology and supplemented by bone marrow or peripheral blood sample detections in the comprehensive diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical, immunophenotypic, pathologic, cytogenetic and molecular features of 153 newly diagnosed MCL patients admitted to the hematology department of our hospital from May 2009 to September 2022 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#144 (96.6%) of the 149 MCL patients who underwent marrow or peripheral blood IGH/CCND1 FISH detection at initial diagnosis were positive, of which 36 cases (24.2%) had a low proportion positive. The immunophenotypes in 115 patients were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM), 89 cases (77.4%) conformed to MCL while 23 cases (20.0%) were initially diagnosed as B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LPD). Of the 75 cases who performed bone marrow biopsy, 50 cases (66.7%) had morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics consistent with MCL, 15 cases (20.0%) were classified as B-LPD, and 10 cases with no obvious abnormality. 77 patients underwent histopathology examination, of which 73 cases (94.8%) had typical clinicopathological features of MCL, including 2 CCND1 negative MCL, 2 pleomorphic variants, 5 pleomorphic variants and 4 cases diagnosed as other leukemia or lymphoma. Among 153 cases of MCL, 128 cases were classic MCL(cMCL), and another 25 cases (16.3%) were diagnosed as leukemic non-lymph node MCL (lnnMCL). The incidence of IGHV mutation, TP53 mutation and CD23 expression positive were significantly different between cMCL and lnnMCL.@*CONCLUSION@#Histopathology is still the main standard for the diagnosis of cMCL, and detection based on bone marrow or peripheral blood samples is an important means for the diagnosis of lnnMCL. Single marker or examination can cause a certain proportion of misdiagnosis. The accurate diagnosis of MCL depends on a combination of multiple detection methods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/genetics , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leukemia/pathology , Mutation , Immunophenotyping
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6164-6172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008815

ABSTRACT

This study used nasal lavage fluid for metabolomics to explore its feasibility, and applied it to the clinical metabolomics study of Xiaoqinglong Decoction in the treatment of allergic rhinitis(AR), aiming to investigate the molecular mechanism of Xiaoqing-long Decoction in the treatment of AR through differential changes in local nasal metabolism. AR patients were selected as the research subjects, and nasal lavage fluid was collected as the sample. Metabolomics analysis using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was performed on normal group, AR group, and Xiaoqinglong Decoction group. The differences in metabolic profiles among the groups were compared using principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis, and differential metabolites were identified and subjected to corresponding metabolic pathway analysis. The results showed that Xiaoqinglong Decoction significantly improved the symptoms of AR patients. The metabolomics analysis revealed 20 differential metabolites between AR group and Xiaoqinglong Decoction group. The core metabolite with a trending return in comparison to normal group was trimethyladipic acid. The metabolites were involved in multiple pathways, including β-alanine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis. The feasibility of applying nasal lavage fluid in nasal metabolomics was preliminarily demonstrated. Differential metabolites and enriched pathways in the treatment of AR patients with Xiaoqinglong Decoction were identified, indicating that it may improve rhinitis symptoms through the regulation of various metabolites, including antioxidant effects and correction of Th1/Th2 imbalance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Lavage Fluid , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Metabolomics/methods , Metabolome
3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 464-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of different SF3B1 genotypes in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and its prognostic value.Methods:Totally, 377MDS patients who were initially diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2014 to January 2022 were included in the retrospective analysis.The patients were divided into three different groups according to mutation stcote of SF3B1, including 317 patients with SF3B1 wild type (SF3B1 WT) (214 males and 103 females, 63(49, 71) years old),39 patients with SF3B1 K700E mutation(SF3B1 K700E(17 males and 22 females, 65(52, 73)years old)) and 21 patients with SF3B1 non-K700E mutation(SF3B1 non-K700E)(13 males and 8 females, 67(63, 73) years old). MDS-related 20 gene mutations were detected using targeted sequencing technology; Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meier method; Cox proportional hazards model was established to evaluate different factors at diagnosis on survival by univariate and multivariate analyses.. Results:Compared with SF3B1 non-K700E patients, SF3B1 K700E patients had a higher median absolute neutrophil count ( P=0.002) and were likely to be in the low/int-1 International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) categories ( P=0.023). A 20-gene targeted sequencing analysis showed that, compared with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 K700E patients were associated with lower frequency of ASXL1 and U2AF1 mutations ( P=0.018 and P=0.003); while compared with SF3B1 non-K700E patients, the frequency of ASXL1 mutation was significantly lower in SF3B1 K700E cases ( P=0.029). Patients with SF3B1 K700E had better overall survival (OS) in comparison with SF3B1 WT and SF3B1 non-K700E in MDS patients ( P<0.001 and P=0.045, respectively). In comparison with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 MUT patients had more favorable OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in MDS without excess blasts ( P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively), but no significant difference was found in MDS with excess blasts ( P>0.05). Compared with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 K700E patients had superior OS and PFS in the int-1 IPSS category ( P=0.010 and P=0.013, respectively). By multivariable analysis, the presence of SF3B1 K700Ewas an independent predictor of superior OS ( HR=0.461,95% CI 0.262-0.811, P=0.007). Conclusion:SF3B1 K700E and SF3B1 non-K700E patients had significantly improved OS in comparison with SF3B1 WT MDS patients. Furthermore, SF3B1 K700E patients were associated with a better OS compared with SF3B1 non-K700E MDS patients. SF3B1 mutation could not overcome the poor prognostic effect of excess blasts, which highlights the importance of the SF3B1 mutation subtype in risk assessment of MDS without excess blasts.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 409-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933462

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag plus cyclosporine A (CsA) in transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia(TD-NSAA). The clinical characteristics of 13 TD-NSAA patients who received initial treatment of eltrombopag plus CsA from 2019 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The 3-month overall hematological response (OR) rate was 12/13. Until the end of follow-up, 12 patients responded, among whom 2 patients reached complete response (CR) and 9 patients reached partial response (PR) and 1 with HR. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) developed in one patient at 6 months after treatment. Five of thirteen patients reported mild adverse reactions, which were all manageable. Compared with historical data, the combination of eltrombopag with CsA is an effective regimen in patients with TD-NSAA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1155-1162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of cc-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) as a potential diagnostic or differential marker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).Methods:A total number of 643 patients with B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative diseases (B-CLPD) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled. The patients included 327 cases of CLL, 58 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), 34 cases of follicular lymphoma (FL), 36 cases of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), 10 cases of hair-cell leukemia or its variants (HCL/HCLV-v), 40 cases of Waldorf′s macroglobulinemia (WM), 48 cases of CD5 +B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disease unclassified (B-CLPD-U) and 90 cases of CD5 -B-CLPD-U. At the same time, 20 samples from healthy people from the medical examination center of our hospital were used as normal controls. Flow cytometry was used to detect the immune-phenotype and CCR7 expression level in B-CLPD patients, and Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to analyze the genomic alterations: the ataxia telangiectasia mutant gene (ATM) deletion, the 13q14 deletion, the P53 deletion and trisomy 12. Sanger sequencing was used to analyze gene mutations of splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1), NOTCH1, tumor protein 53 (TP53) and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IGHV). Measurement data were compared by Mann-Whitney test, and the positive rates were compared by chi-square test. The diagnostic value and optimal positive cutoff value of CCR7 were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The positive rates of CCR7 expression in typical CLL and atypical CLL were 90.8% (257/283) and 84.1% (37/44), respectively, and there was no significant difference of the positive rates (χ 2=1.228, P=0.268) between groups. The positive expression rates of CCR7 in CLL, MCL, CD5 +B-CLPD-U, CD5 -B-CLPD-U, FL, WM, HCL/HCL-v and MZL were 89.9% (294/327), 10.3% (6/58), 6.3% (3/48), 8.9% (8/90), 0, 0, 0 and 13.9% (5/36) respectively, and the median mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) was 278 (246, 307), 114 (106, 128), 112 (106, 117), 110 (104, 121), 108 (105, 119), 111 (105, 124), 112 (108, 115) and 109 (105, 120) respectively. Compared with CLL, the positive expression rates of CCR7 in other types of B-CLPDs were lower significantly (χ 2=181.3, 177.8, 232, 164.7, 180.8, 62.6, 129, P<0.01). In addition, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CCR7 for distinguishing CLL from other types of B-CLPD were 89.9%, 93.0% and 92.3%, respectively. The positive expression rate of CD49d in CCR7 +CLL patients was 13.9%, which was significantly lower than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (42.1%) (χ 2=7.6, P=0.01). The coincidence rate of 13q14 deletion was 50.3% in CCR7 +CLL patients, which was significantly higher than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (20%) (χ 2=6.56, P=0.01). Conclusions:The CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) antigen is an effective marker for the diagnosis and identification of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The expression level of CCR7 in clinical specimens can distinguish CLL from other pathological subtypes of B-CLPDs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1163-1169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of TCR variable region subfamily (Vβ and Vδ) in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and to compare the diagnostic value of TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis in TCL.Methods:The TCRVβ flow cytometry kit was used to detect the expression of Vβ subtypes of αβT cell in 199 patients with αβ TCL and 398 patients with non-TCL, who hospitalized in Jiangsu Provincial People Hospital from 2011 to 2020. Among them, 185 cases of αβ TCL and 355 cases of non-TCL also underwent TCRβ and TCRγ gene rearrangement detection. The TCRVδ based 10-color protocol was used to detect the expression of Vδ subtypes in 24 cases of γδTCL, 10 cases of normal controls, and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio from 2017 to 2020, and 24 cases of γδTCL and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio underwent TCRβ, TCRγ and TCRδ gene rearrangement detection. The diagnostic performance and degree of coincidence for detecting malignant clonality were compared between TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis and the TCR gene scanning method.Results:In the 199 cases of αβ TCL, 182 cases (91.5%) showed restricted expression or the sum of the positive percentages of the subgroups was less than 30% for the 24 TCRVβ subtypes. Among them, the subfamily members with the highest incidence of clonal T lymphocytes were TCRVβ13.2 (12.6%, 23/182) and TCRVβ3 (8.2%,15/182); the TCRVβ subtypes showed nonclonal results in 99.0% (394/398) of non-TCL. All 24 cases of γδTCL (100%) showed abnormal distribution patterns of Vδ1 and Vδ2, of which 19 cases showed restricted expression of Vδ1, and the remaining 5 cases had negative expression of either Vδ1 or Vδ2, and the positive rate of Vδ1 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ2 cells (79.9%±10.8% vs 0.7%±0.3%, P<0.001). Among the normal control and cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio, the positive rate of Vδ2 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ1 cells (73.7%±6.7% vs 15.6%±4.2%, P<0.001), and all cases (25/25) showed a normal distribution pattern. In terms of the diagnostic performance of TCL, there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between TCR variable region subfamily detection by flow cytometry and TCR gene scanning technology (the sensitivity was 92.4% and 91.4% respectively; the specificity was 99.0% and 95.9% respectively, P=0.065), and the coincidence rate of the two diagnostic methods is high (Kappa=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusion:Detection of TCR variable region subfamily by flow cytometry could quickly and effectively diagnose mature TCL.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1746-1751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of the patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) discontinued tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy and the outcome of the patients.@*METHODS@#35 cases of CML patients experienced initiative discontinuation of TKI therapy in our hospital from June 1st 2015 to December 31th 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The TFR of the patients and the factors affecting it were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median duration of TKI administration was 72 (range 35-173) months in the 35 patients. Among these patients, 8 had experienced TKI dose reduction or suspension. All the enrolled patients have achieved at least MMR. The median time for these patients achieving MMR was 15 (range 3-75) months after administration of TKI, and for MMR maintenance before TKI suspension was 55 (range 13-164) months. After TKI withdrawal the median follow up time was 20.3 (range 3-57.9) months, 22 out of 35 patients kept TFR, among them, 2 (5.71%) patients restarted TKI after 12 month suspension, and maintained MMR during suspension. 13 (37.1%)patients lost MMR, among them, 9 patients restarted TKI treatment, and 5 of them achieved MR4.0 after the median duration of 3(2-5) month. No patients were found to have disease progression. The estimated TFR rate was 57.8% and 51.8% at 12 and 24 months after discontinuation, respectively. Other clinical characteristic related to relapse were also analyzed, including the cumulative TKI administration duration, cumulative MMR duration, time to achieve MMR, median age at diagnosis, risk stratification by Sokal score, TKI dose reduction and discontinuation history, and second-generation TKI administration before stopping TKI, however, no statistical difference was found.@*CONCLUSION@#TKI discontinuation is practical for CML patients in our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1326-1331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, laboratorial and bone marrow pathological features of primary thrombocytopenia (ET) patients with different mutations of CALR, JAK2 and MPL genes.@*METHODS@#The chinical data of 120 cases of ET in Jiangsu provincial people's hospital/ The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed, including 76 cases with JAK2 gene mutation, 40 cases with CALR gene mutation, 2 cases with MPL gene mutations, 2 cases without gene mutation.@*RESULTS@#Among the ET patients, compared with the JAK2 gene mutation, CALR gene mutation showed statistically significant deareament of white blood cells and hemoglobin (P=0.001, P=0.01) and the male platelets in CALR group showed significant increament (P=0.04). Fourthermore, the average number of megakaryocytes and its cluster numbers in each hight power field of vision showed statistically significant decreament in CALR group as compared with JAK2 group (P=0.001, P=0.001), and thrombotic events in CALR group were signicantly lower than those in JAK2 group (7.5% vs 18.4%) (P=0.03).@*CONCLUSION@#Mutations of CALR, JAK2 have different clinical characteristics and blood pathological changes of Chinese ET patients, and their clinical significance is worth to explore.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bone Marrow , Calreticulin , Genetics , China , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Mutation , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 382-388, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The past studies found that the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with imatinib can induce the macrocytic anemia, moreover the incidence of anemia increases along with enhancement of imatinib concentration. This study was aimed to evaluate the potential relation of erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) increase after the treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) with the therapeutic response in patients with CML-chronic phase (CML-CP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and hematologic data including MCV, molecular and cytogenetic response of 119 patients with CML-CP were collected after treatment with TKIs, and the relation of MCV changes after treatment with the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy for patients with CML-CP was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MCV in patients treated with TKIs for 12 months significantly increased as compared with that at initial diagnosis (P<0.05). The proportion of patients with increased MCV in group of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) was significantly higher than that in group of non-CCyR (P<0.05). As compared with decreased MCV group, the patients in increased MCV group much more easily achieved CCyR after treatment for 6, 12 months (P<0.05, P<0.05) respectively, furthermore, much more easily maintained MMR (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MCV as a parameter which is easily acquired may be a new marker for prodecting the therapeutic response of patients treated with TKIs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Erythrocyte Indices , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and laboratory features of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with cuplike nuclei morphology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with AML (M1andM2) between December 2009 and December 2016 were included in the study. Bone marrow smears were prepared for morphologic alanalysis, the immunophenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry and the RHG-banding was for conventional cytogenetic assay (CCA) ,gene mutation was detected by sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 170 AMLpatients, 67 were diagnosed as M1 and 103 patients was diagnosed as M2, 43 patients(25.3%) defined as cuplike nuclei-positive, among them 38patients (88.4%) were M1 while only 5 patients (11.6%) were with M2(P<0.01). No significant value about sex(P> 0.05) between cuplike nuclei-positive and -negative group, while older patients were found in cuplike nuclei-positive group (P<0.05). Higher peroxydas (POX) ratio (P<0.05) and integration (P<0.05) were found in cuplike nuclei- positive group. Furthermore, the patients with cuplike nuclei-positive lack the expressions of CD34 (P<0.01) and HLA-DR(P<0.01) while no other immunophenotype markers were found. Among the 152 patients (89.4%) for genetic analysis ,83.8% karyotype of the cuplike nuclei-positive group were normal while only 54.8 of negative group was normal by CCA. Molecular biology analysis showed that the patients in cuplike nuclei-positive group have significantly highe rNMP1 (P<0.01) and FLT3(P<0.01) mutations as compared with the negative group. Furthermore, the relationship of the ratio o fcuplike nuclei and the type of gene mutations were investigated, and no significant associations were found. However, it was found that the patients with FLT3 mutation displayed more biological nuclear invagination than the patients with NPM1 mutations (P<0/01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AML patients with positive cuplike nuclei have characteristic morphological changes, typical immunophenotype with HLA-DR- and CD34, normal karyotype accompanied by NPM1 and FLT3 mutations.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Nucleus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 91-96,101, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605854

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the differences in clinical and laboratory parameters between elderly and non-elderly patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).Poor prognostic factors in elderly patients were explored to guide the individualized treatment.Methods Two hundred and seventy-nine ALL patients were divided into two groups:elderly group with their age more than 60 years (60-79 years) and nonelderly group with their age less than 60 years (14-59 years).The differences in clinical and laboratory parameters,abnormal molecular genetics on related genes,including IKZF1,PAX5,NOTCH1,PHF6,SH2B3,LEF1,and JAK1,as well as the correlations with treatment response and clinical outcome were compared between the two groups.Results Males accounted for a smaller part in elderly group [42.9 % (21/49) vs.61.7 % (142/230),P =0.015].The percentage of B cell lineage ALL (B-ALL),Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) and CD33 positive rate were higher in elderly group compared with those in non-elderly group [87.8 % (43/49) vs.70.4 % (162/230),P=0.009;47.8 % (22/49) vs.27.4 % (58/230),P=0.007;56.8 % (21/49) vs.39.0 % (64/230),P =0.049,respectively].While both lymphodenopathy and total complete remission (CR) rate gained the upper hand in non-elderly group [38.9 % (81/230) vs.20.0 % (9/49),P=0.016;91.3 % (178/195) vs.68.3 % (28/41),P< 0.001,respectively].Moreover,elderly group had lower 3-month,6-month,12-month and 24-month overall survival (OS) rates (64.6 % vs.84.4 %,P=0.001;50.0 % vs.73.8 %,P=0.001;29.2 % vs.52.4 %,P=0.003;6.2 % vs.26.2 %,P=0.003,respectively) than those of non-elderly group.No significant differences in mutation rates of PAX5,NOTCH1,PHF6,SH2B3,LEF1 and JAK1 were found (all P > 0.05).Conclusions Compared with non-elderly ALL patients,elderly ones harbor their intrinsic characteristics which might give rise to inferior outcomes.As a consequence,more attention should be poured into treating this particular group of ALL patients to improve their prognosis.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 328-333, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Cytokine receptor-like factor 2(CRLF2) plays an important role in the development of normal B lymphocytes, which can mediate early B cell proliferation and survival. The aim of this study was to investigate the mutations of CRLF2 and its clinical significance in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exons of CRLF2 were amplified, then the DNA was purified and sequenced; the frequency, position, types and clinical significance of CRLF2 mutations were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>6 types of genetic alterations in CRLF2 were found, among them the R186S prompted better prognosis, while L86I, F232F and W255C associated with poor prognosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CRLF2 mutations may play an important role in the development and progressions of adult patients with ALL, and these genetic abnormalities may associate with clinical outcome.</p>

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 806-811, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To correlate the clinical features of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutations of FLT3-ITD, NPM1, CEBPA, c-KIT, DNMT3A and ND4 genes as well as chromosomal aberrations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Somatic mutations of aforementioned genes in 412 newly diagnosed AML patients were detected with PCR and direct sequencing. All patients were also subjected to R-banding chromosomal analysis. The results were correlated with the clinical features and prognosis of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mutation rates of FLT3-ITD, NPM1, CEBPA, c-KIT, DNMT3A and ND4 were 9.0% (26/289), 19.1% (50/262), 18.9% (34/180), 3.4% (7/208), 6.6% (9/137) and 6.9% (4/58), respectively. Patients with poor prognosis based on genetic mutations had lower blood platelet count than those with intermediate and good prognosis (P=0.001 and P=0.001, respectively). None of the three groups attained median overall survival (OS) (P> 0.05). The complete remission (CR) was similar among the three groups (P> 0.05). For patients with different prognosis based on cytogenetic findings, white blood cell count in those with intermediate prognosis was higher than those with good and poor prognosis (P< 0.001 and P=0.004, respectively), while the blood platelet count of the intermediate group was higher than that of the group with good prognosis (P=0.018). No significant difference was found among the three groups in terms of hemoglobin level (P> 0.05). The group with poor prognosis has attained shorter OS compared with those with good and intermediate prognosis (P< 0.001 and P=0.003, respectively). However, the CR rate of the group with good prognosis was higher than that of the intermediate group (P=0.001). For the group with intermediate prognosis, presence of genetic mutations did not correlate with the clinic characteristics such as white blood cell count, blood platelet count, hemoglobin level, OS and CR rate (P> 0.05 for all comparisons).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Genetic mutations combined with cytogenetic analysis can facilitate the prognosis and personalized treatment for patients with AML.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mortality , Mutation , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1778-1783, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251304

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recently, calreticulin (CALR) gene mutations have been identified in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). A high-frequency of ET cases without Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations contain CALR mutations and exhibit clinical characteristics different from those with mutant JAK2. Thus, we investigated the frequency and clinical features of Chinese patients of Han ethnicity with CALR mutations in ET.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We recruited 310 Chinese patients of Han ethnicity with ET to analyze states of CALR, JAK2V617F, and MPLW515 mutations by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. We analyzed the relationship between the mutations and clinical features.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CALR, JAK2V617F, and MPLW515 mutations were detected in 30% (n = 92), 48% (n = 149), and 1% (n = 4) of patients with ET, respectively. The mutation types of CALR involved deletion and insertion of base pairs. Most of them were Type 1 (52-bp deletion) and Type 2 (5-bp insertion, TTGTC) mutations, leading to del367fs46 and ins385fs47, respectively. The three mutations were exclusive. Clinically, patients with mutated CALR had a lower hemoglobin level, lower white blood cell (WBC) count, and higher platelet count compared to those with mutated JAK2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, a significant difference was found in WBCs between wild-type patients (triple negative for JAK2, MPL, and CALR mutations) and patients with JAK2 mutations. Patients with CALR mutations predominantly clustered into low or intermediate groups according to the International Prognostic Score of thrombosis for ET (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CALR mutations were frequent in Chinese patients with ET, especially in those without JAK2 or MPL mutations. Compared with JAK2 mutant ET, CALR mutant ET showed a different clinical manifestation and an unfavorable prognosis. Thus, CALR is a potentially valuable diagnostic marker and therapeutic target in ET.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Genetics , Biomarkers , Calreticulin , Genetics , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Mutation , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Genetics , Pathology , Thrombosis , Genetics
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 612-618, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357305

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUD</b>F-Box and WD40 domain containing protein 7 gene (FBXW7) is part of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that controls the turnover of various proteins including NOTCH1, c-MYC and Cyclin E.</p><p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mutations of FBXW7 gene in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exon 5-12 of FBXW7 were amplified, cloned and sequenced in 54 adult T-ALL patients; the frequency, position and types of FBXW7 mutation were analyzed; the co-existing of mutations with NOTCH1 and their relevant prognostic significance were explored as well.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FBXW7 mutations were identified in 11.1% of adult T-ALL patients. A total of 4 types of point mutations (R465H, R465L, R479P and R505C) and 1 deletion/insertion mutation were observed, and all of them located in WD40 domain of FBXW7. In addition, co-existing mutations with NOTCH1 were identified in 83.3% of patients with FBXW7 mutation. Notably, the co-existed NOTCH1 mutations, including 3 point mutations (L1574P, L1596H and L1600P) and 2 deletion/insertion mutations located in HD domain. Furthermore, patients with FBXW7 mutation only had significantly longer overall survival compared with those without mutation (P=0.049).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FBXW7 mutations may play an important role in NOTCH1 mediated pathogenesis in T-ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins , Exons , F-Box Proteins , F-Box-WD Repeat-Containing Protein 7 , Genes, myc , Mutation , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 925-929, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of BAG3 gene in acue myeloid leukemia (AML) and its prognostic value.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of BAG3 mRNA in 88 previously untreated AML patients. The corelation of BAG3 expression level with clinical characteristics and known prognostic markers of AML was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 88 patients with AML, the expression of BAG3 mRNA in NPMI mutated AML patients was obviously lower than that in NPMI unmutated patients (P = 0.018). The expression level of BAG3 mRNA did not related to clinical parameters, such as age, sex, FAB subtype, WBC count, extra-modullary presentation, and to prognostic factors including cytogenetics, FLT3-ITD, c-kit and CEBPα mutation status (P > 0.05). The expression level of BAG3 had no obvious effect on complete remission (CR) of patients in first treatment. The expression level of BAG3 in non-M3 patients was higher than that in relapsed patients (P = 0.036). The expression level of BAG3 had no effect on overall survival (OS) of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression level of BAG3 does not correlated with known-prognostic markers of AML, only the expression level of BAG3 in NPM1 mutated patients is lower than that in NPM1 unmutated patients. The expression level of BAG3 has no effect on OS of AML patients, the BAG3 can not be difined as a prognostic marker in AML.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cytogenetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Count , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , RNA, Messenger , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Remission Induction
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 902-905, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296122

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the accuracy and consistency of the detection of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase domain point mutation among different laboratories.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Every one of 6 laboratories prepared 10 cDNA samples from tyrosine kinase inhibitors resistant BCR-ABL (P210 or P190) positive patients'bone marrow or peripheral blood. Each cDNA sample was divided into 6 aliquots and delivered to the laboratories. All 6 laboratories tested BCR-ABL point mutations of 60 samples according to their own protocols. Peking University People's Hospital analyzed the comparison results based on both the reports and sequencing chromatogram from all laboratories.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All laboratories reported the same nucleotide and corresponding amino acid mutations in 37 samples (61.7%). Of 60 samples, 53 had confirmed mutation types, and a total of 23 types were included; 1 had no mutation; mutation types of 6 samples could not be determined because of the big differences among chromatograms from different laboratories. Low percentages of mutants were significantly related to results inconsistency (P=0.008). Inconsistent result of one sample was caused by the unique chromatogram of the mutant L248V, and one by the non-coverage amplification of PCR product from different laboratories. Amplification was failed in 3 samples. Testing or sequencing mistakes occurred in 7 samples. The differences in the mutant percentages among laboratories were less than 20% in the 80.6% of samples with confirmed results. Low internal control gene copies (ABL<10 000) were significantly related to both failed amplification and big differences among chromatograms from different laboratories (P=0.005 and <0.001, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Problems in the clinical routine detection of BCR-ABL point mutation could be exposed and improvement could be achieved by sample exchange and comparison. Low percentage of mutant is the main reason which causes the discrepancy of BCR-ABL point mutation results among different laboratories.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , DNA Mutational Analysis , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Point Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 698-702, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349645

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to enhance clinical understanding the effect of nilotinib on CML patients with V299L mutation who were resistant to imatinib. Bone marrow specimens from 2 cases of CML with V299L mutation were collected before and after the treatment with nilotinib. ABL mutation was detected by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by direct sequencing. The clinical characteristics of the two cases were analyzed. The results showed that both cases were resistant to imatinib presented V299L mutation. Out of them 1 case achieved complete haematological response (CHR) after treatment with nilotinib for 6 months and another case abstained obvious molecular response after using nilotinib for 7 month. V299L mutation of both cases was turned into negative after the treatment with nilotinib. It is concluded that the nilotinib can safely and effectively override tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance mediated by the V299L mutation. The safety and efficacy of nilotinib for treatment of CML patients with TKI resistance and V299L mutation are satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Benzamides , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Mutation , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 708-712, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242079

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of the mutational status of the ND4 gene and the clinical features of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients with ND4 mutations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using PCR combined with directly sequencing, we identified somatic mutations of ND4 in 121 primary AML patients to couple with their clinical features.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 58 male patients and 63 female patients (median age 49 years, 10-86 years). Eight of 121 patients (6.6%) with de novo AML were found harboring missense mutation of ND4 gene, including 3 patients with A131V (3/8, 37.5%), 2 patients with A404T (2/8, 25%), 1 patient with F149L (1/8, 12.5%), 1 patient with G242D (1/8, 12.5%) and 1 patient with Y409H (1/8, 12.5%), respectively. Patients with ND4 mutations were associated with good karyotype (P=0.049), regardless of gender, age, white blood cell, hemoglobin, platelet, blast cells of bone marrow or immunophenotype (P>0.05). There were no statistical significance in mutations of FLT3-ITD, NPM1, CEBPA, c-KIT and DNMT3A between patients with ND4 mutation and wild-type (wt) ND4 (P>0.05). The median overall survival of patients with ND4 mutations and wt ND4 were all not reached. The median relapse-free survival were not reached and 29(2-53) months, respectively (P>0.05). There was no significance in the ratio of CR and RR patients between wt ND4 and ND4 mutated groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It was concluded that novel ND4 mutations could be found in de novo AML patients, especially in patients with good karyotype. Thus, ND4 mutations might play an important role in AML prognosis. However, whether the mitochondria dysfunction contribute to leukemogenesis needs to be further investigated.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Mutation , NADH Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Prognosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 816-821, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the impact of Fc gamma receptor IIIa (FcγR IIIa) polymorphisms on the efficacy of rituximab (RTX) combined chemotherapy for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FcγRIIIa polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR in 122 patients and 100 healthy controls. All patients received 8(4-12) cycles of RTX combined chemotherapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>78(63.93%) patients with F/F, 5(4.10%) with V/V, and 39(31.97%) with V/F were identified, which were not different compared to controls. Patients with different FcγRIIIa genotypes did not have any difference in terms of gender, age, molecular subtypes, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) or international prognostic index (IPI). The overall response rate (ORR) was 89.35% with a complete response (CR) of 80.33% and a partial response (PR) of 9.02%. The ORR was 83.33%, 100.00% and 100.00% in F/F, V/V and V/F, respectively. A higher response rate was observed in V/V and V/F as compared with F/F (P<0.05). With a median follow-up of 35 months (range: 12-62 months), 46(37.71%) patients had relapsed and 40 (32.79%) cases progressed and ended in death. The 3-year progress-free survival (PFS) rate was 41.03%, 100.00%, 100.00% in F/F, V/V and V/F, respectively. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 48.72%, 100.00% and 100.00% in patients with three genotypes. The PFS and OS rate were significantly higher in V/V and V/F as compared with F/F (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FcγR III a polymorphisms could predict response and prognosis of RTX combined chemotherapy for patients with DLBCL.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Asian People , Genetics , Disease-Free Survival , GPI-Linked Proteins , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Receptors, IgG , Genetics , Remission Induction , Rituximab
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