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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 198-206, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014556

ABSTRACT

Perioperative bleeding is closely related to the prognosis of patients, and massive blood loss can lead to serious adverse events. Tranexamic acid, a lysine derivative, exerts anti-fibrinolytic effects by competitively blocking lysine binding sites on plasminogen to achieve hemostasis. Perioperative use of tranexamic acid can effectively reduce the risk of bleeding and the need for blood transfusion, and reduce the risk of bleeding related complications and death. At present, the use of tranexamic acid for perioperative hemostasis is increasingly widespread, and it is gradually entering the consensus and guidelines in more surgical fields. In this paper, the mechanism of action, perioperative application and adverse reactions of tranexamic acid were reviewed, and the effectiveness and safety of tranexamic acid in different surgical types were discussed, so as to provide reference for the application and research of tranexamic acid in China.

2.
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia ; : 27-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002661

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Sacral insufficiency fracture (SIF) is not an uncommon osteoporosis fracture among the elderly. Aside from traditional treatments, sacroplasty and teriparatide (TPTD) injection have been introduced. This report aims to compare the effects of sacroplasty and teriparatide on clinical outcomes of SIF. @*Methods@#Thirty-one elderly patients with SIF were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. Four male patients were excluded. Fourteen patients who received TPTD for 6 months were classified into the TPTD group (TT), and 13 who underwent sacroplasty were classified into the sacroplasty group (SS). All patients in both groups were instructed to take calcium and vitamin D supplements daily. Their symptoms and signs, visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and radiographic studies were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#The TT group showed significantly lower VAS than SS group after 3 (P < 0.001) and 6 months of treatment (P < 0.001). The TT group also has significant lower ODI than SS group after 1 (P = 0.010), 3 (P = 0.005) and 6 months (P < 0.001) of treatment. Upon generalized estimating equations (GEE) analysis, the TT group showed significantly more reduction in both VAS and ODI compared to the SS group at 1 month (P = 0.022, P = 0.001), 3 months (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), and 6 months (P < 0.001, P < 0.001) post-treatment. @*Conclusions@#Postmenoposal woman with SIF who received TPTD healed better than those who underwent sacroplasty after 1 month treatment.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 50-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015255

ABSTRACT

Objective To detecte the expressions of phosphorylated p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), Bax and Bcl-2 in the cerebral cortex of hyperlipidemia rats after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the effect of SB203580 on the expressions of p-p38 MAPK, Bax and Bcl-2, to explore the effect of p38 MAPK activation on the expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in hyperlipidemia cerebral I/R injury. Methods After the hyperlipidemia model was established, the rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operation group, operation group (I/R) and SB203580 treatment group (SB+I/R), with 10 rats in each group. The focal cerebral I/R model in hyperlipemia rats was established with thread embolism of the left middle cerebral artery. The neurobehavioral score was used to observe the symptoms of neurobehavioral injury. The 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to detect the volume of cerebral infarction, and the TUNEL staining was used to observe apoptotic cells. The relative expression levels of p-p38 MAPK, Bax and Bcl-2 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with the sham group, the infarct volume, apoptosis index and neurobehavioral score of rats in the I/R group increased significantly, and the expressions of p-p38 MAPK and Bax increased significantly, and the expression of Bcl-2 decreased significantly (P<0. 05). Compared with the I/R group, rats in the SB+I/R group had less brain damage, the infarct volume and the apoptosis index were significantly reduced, the expressions of p-p38 MAPK reduced significantly, Bax expression decreased while Bcl-2 expression increased. The differences were statistically significant (P<0. 05). Neurobehavioral scores were lower in SB+I/R group than in I/R group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion In the process of cerebral I/R injury in hyperlipidemiarats, activation of p38 MAPK can regulate the expression of Bax and Bcl-2.

4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015241

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid ( Poly-IC ) treatment on the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion ( I / R ) injury in fryperlipidemia rats, and to detect the cerebral infarction, blood-brain barrier permeability and behavioral injury symptoms, to explore the neuroprotective effect of Poly-IC treatment on cerebral I /R injury in fryperlipidemia rats. Methods Hyperlipidemia rats were randomly divided into cerebral I /R group, Poly-IC pretreatment group, Poly-IC post-treatment group and sham operation group, 20 rats in each group. Neurobehavioral performance of rats in each group was recorded according to neurobehavioral score of 0-4 points. Blood-brain barrier permeability of rats in each group was detected by Evans blue staining. TTC staining was used to observe the cerebral infarction in each group. Apoptotic cells in the cerebral cortex of rats in each group was observed by TUNEL staining. The relative expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were determined by Western blotting. Results Compared with the sham group, the symptoms of neurobehavioral damage in the I/R group were serious and the score increased significantly (P<0. 05). The scores of Poly-IC pretreatment and post-treatment groups were significantly lower than that of I/R group (P<0. 05). Evans blue staining result showed that the blood-brain barrier permeability of the I/R group was significantly higher than that of the sham group (P<0. 05) , and Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment could significantly reduce the blood-brain barrier permeability ( P < 0. 05 ) . No infarct was observed in the sham group with uniform red staining, while white infarct was observed in the brain tissue of the I/R group. Compared with the I/R group, the volume of infarct in both Poly-IC pretreatment and post-treatment groups reduced significantly (P<0. 05). The apoptosis index in cerebral cortex of rats in I/R group was significantly higher than that in sham group ( P < 0 .05 ) , while the apoptosis index in Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in I/R group(P<0. 05 ) . The result of Western blotting showed that, compared with the sham group, the expression of Bax in the I/R group was significantly increased(P<0. 05) , the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0. 05). Compared with the I/R group, the expression of Bax in the Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment group reduced significantly ( P < 0. 05 ) , the expression of Bcl-2 increased significantly(P<0. 05). Conclusion Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment can improve the symptoms of neurobehavioral injury, reduce the damage of blood-brain barrier, reduce the volume of cerebral infarction, decrease the apoptosis index of nerve cells, play a neuroprotective effect on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats with hyperlipidemia, and this protective effect may be related to the change of Bcl-2 and Bax expression levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 594-600, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014644

ABSTRACT

Topical anesthesia are being widely used in clinical diagnostic or therapeutic fields such as ophthalmology, ENT, dermatology, urology. It is defined as superficial loss of sensation in mucous membranes or skin, produced by direct application of penetrating local anesthetics. Topical anesthesia has the advantages of simple performance, high safety, quick recovery, which can effectively improve patient's satisfaction. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the concept of comfortable diagnosis and treatment. The new drugs and application methods of topical anesthesia are emerging constantly, special attention must be paid to their pharmacological characteristics and possible adverse reactions when using them. This article reviews the research progress of topical anesthesia in clinical application in order to provide reference for clinical practice.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 537-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013950

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the role and mechanism of nuclear receptor subfamily 1,group D,member 1(NR1D1)in the proliferation and migration of mouse adventitial fibroblasts(AFs). Methods Primary AFs isolated from C57BL/6J mice were cultured. Adenovirus carrying Nr1d1 gene was used to overexpress NR1D1 in AFs. The expression of β-catenin was restored by SKL2001. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen(Ki-67)immunofluorescence staining and CCK-8 staining were used to determine cell proliferation,and scratch test was used to determine cell migration. qPCR was used to determine the mRNA level of Nr1d1. Western blot was used to determine the protein levels of NR1D1 and β-catenin. To investigate the role of NR1D1 in intimal hyperplasia,20 male wild type C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into sham group,carotid artery endothelial injury,sham+SR9009(NR1D1 agonist)group and carotid artery endothelial injury+SR9009(n=5 in each group). They were treated with DMSO or SR9009(100 mg·kg-1·d-1)via intraperitoneal injection for 14 days after operation,respectively. The degree of carotid intimal hyperplasia was measured by HE staining 28 days after operation. Results NR1D1 overexpression significantly reduced the percentage of Ki-67-positive cells(P<0.01),total cell number(P<0.01)and slowed down the rate of wound-healing(P<0.01). NR1D1 overexpression significantly inhibited the expression of β-catenin(P<0.05). After the expression of β-catenin was restored by SKL2001,the inhibitory effects of NR1D1 overexpression on the proliferation and migration of AFs were abolished(P<0.01). Enhanced activity of NR1D1 significantly ameliorated intimal hyperplasia after carotid endothelial injury(P<0.01). Conclusion NR1D1 may inhibit the proliferation and migration of AFs via suppressing the expression of β-catenin.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 791-796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012309

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumors (GNET), and to describe their clinical, histological, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, and molecular features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: Three cases of malignant GNET were collected at Xijing Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, from 2013 to 2022. All patients underwent surgical resection of the tumor. Histological, immunohistochemical (IHC), ultrastructural and molecular genetic analyses were performed, and the patients were followed up for six months, three years and five years. Results: There were two males and one female patients. The tumors were located in the ileum, descending colon, and rectum, respectively. Grossly, the tumors were solid, firm, and poorly circumscribed, measured in size from 2 to 4 cm in greatest dimension, and had a greyish-white cut surface. These tumors were histologically characterized by a sheet-like or nested population of oval to spindled cells or epithelioid cells with weakly eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm, small nucleoli and scattered mitoses. Electron microscopy showed neuroendocrine differentiation, and no evidence of melanogenesis. IHC staining showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for S-100 protein, SOX10, CD56, synaptophysin and vimentin. They were negative for melanocytic markers, HMB45 and Melan A. All three cases showed split EWSR1 signals consistent with a chromosomal translocation involving EWSR1. Next-generation sequencing in one case confirmed the presence of EWSR1-ATF1 fusion. These patients were followed up for 6 months, 3 years and 5 years, respectively, and all of them developed possible lung or liver metastases, and one of them died of multiple pulmonary metastases. Conclusion: Malignant GNET has distinctive morphological, IHC, and molecular genetic features and it should be differentiated from other malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract, especially clear cell sarcoma and melanoma.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , S100 Proteins/analysis , Melanoma
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1515-1520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978729

ABSTRACT

The air at high altitude is thin and belongs to the environment of low temperature, low oxygen and low pressure. The human brain is the most sensitive to hypoxia. Hypoxia will cause dysfunction of the central nervous system, resulting in high-altitude hypoxic brain injury, including mild high altitude headache and more destructive high altitude cerebral edema (HACE). Recently, with more and more people work and live in high altitude areas, the development of high-altitude hypoxic brain injury drugs would produce great economic value and social significance. Non clinical pharmacodynamic evaluation is the basic of drug development, which plays a key role in improving the success rate of clinical transformation and reducing the risk of clinical research. This review summarizes the cell models and animal models, and the evaluation indicators usually used to explore the candidates of high-altitude hypoxic brain injury. We aim at establishing a standardized non clinical efficacy evaluation system for high altitude hypoxic encephalopathy, and provide a standardized reference for drug development in hypoxic encephalopathy at high altitude at nonclinical stage.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 498-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969934

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important global public health problem that greatly threatens population health. Application of risk prediction model is a crucial way for the primary prevention of CKD, which can stratify the risk for developing CKD and identify high-risk individuals for more intensive interventions. By now, more than twenty risk prediction models for CKD have been developed worldwide. There are also four domestic risk prediction models developed for Chinese population. However, none of these models have been recommended in clinical guidelines yet. The existing risk prediction models have some limitations in terms of outcome definition, predictors, strategies for handling missing data, and model derivation. In the future, the applications of emerging biomarkers and polygenic risk scores as well as advances in machine learning methods will provide more possibilities for the further improvement of the model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Risk Factors , Biomarkers
10.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 10-18, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966700

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with increased risks of psychiatric sequelae. Depression, anxiety, cognitive impairments, sleep disturbance, and fatigue during and after the acute phase of COVID-19 are prevalent, long-lasting, and exerting negative consequences on well-being and imposing a huge burden on healthcare systems and society. This current review presented timely updates of clinical research findings, particularly focusing on the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the neuropsychiatric sequelae, and identified potential key targets for developing effective treatment strategies for long COVID. In addition, we introduced the Formosa Long COVID Multicenter Study (FOCuS), which aims to apply the inflammation theory to the pathogenesis and the psychosocial and nutrition treatments of post-COVID depression and anxiety.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 390-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964235

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the visual quality between smart pulse technology-assisted(SPT)transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(TransPRK)of 1 050Hz ablation frequency and small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)for myopia and astigmatism.METHODS: A total of 138 cases(248 eyes)who received corneal refractive surgery in the Eye Hospital of Chengdu University of TCM were enrolled from July 2020 to January 2021. The patients were divided into TransPRK group(64 cases, 123 eyes)and SMILE group(74 cases, 125 eyes)according to the surgical method. The follow-up duration was 6mo. Strehl ratio(SR)and high-order aberration at 6mm pupil diameter measured by Sirius anterior segment integrated analyzer and LogMAR visual acuity were recorded at different preoperative and postoperative time points.RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)of TransPRK group was worse than SMILE group at 1wk and 1mo after surgery(all P<0.05), but UCVA was better in TransPRK group at 6mo after surgery(P<0.05). SR in TransPRK group was lower than that in SMILE group at 1wk and 1mo after surgery(all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SR between the two groups at 3 and 6mo after surgery(P=0.968, 0.433). At 1wk after surgery, there was no significant difference in coma between the two groups(P=0.554). At 1, 3, and 6mo after surgery, coma in the TransPRK group was lower than that in SMILE group(all P<0.05). At 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery, the trefoil aberration in TransPRK group was higher than that in SMILE group(all P<0.05). At 6mo after surgery, there was no significant difference in trefoil aberration between the two groups(P=0.167). At 6mo after surgery, UCVA of TransPRK group and SMILE group were -0.13±0.05 and -0.11±0.08, respectively, which were better than the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)before surgery(-0.07±0.05 and -0.07±0.05; all P<0.05). Furthermore, the SR of both groups was higher than that before surgery(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Both SPT-assisted TransPRK of 1 050Hz ablation frequency and SMILE can achieve better visual acuity after refractive surgery, while SMILE has better visual quality at 1wk and 1mo after surgery. However, SPT-assisted TransPRK of 1 050Hz ablation frequency has better visual acuity at 6mo after surgery than SMILE, and the coma is smaller.

12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1481-1496, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010614

ABSTRACT

The discovery of neuroglobin (Ngb), a brain- or neuron-specific member of the hemoglobin family, has revolutionized our understanding of brain oxygen metabolism. Currently, how Ngb plays such a role remains far from clear. Here, we report a novel mechanism by which Ngb might facilitate neuronal oxygenation upon hypoxia or anemia. We found that Ngb was present in, co-localized to, and co-migrated with mitochondria in the cell body and neurites of neurons. Hypoxia induced a sudden and prominent migration of Ngb towards the cytoplasmic membrane (CM) or cell surface in living neurons, and this was accompanied by the mitochondria. In vivo, hypotonic and anemic hypoxia induced a reversible Ngb migration toward the CM in cerebral cortical neurons in rat brains but did not alter the expression level of Ngb or its cytoplasm/mitochondria ratio. Knock-down of Ngb by RNA interference significantly diminished respiratory succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and ATPase activity in neuronal N2a cells. Over-expression of Ngb enhanced SDH activity in N2a cells upon hypoxia. Mutation of Ngb at its oxygen-binding site (His64) significantly increased SDH activity and reduced ATPase activity in N2a cells. Taken together, Ngb was physically and functionally linked to mitochondria. In response to an insufficient oxygen supply, Ngb migrated towards the source of oxygen to facilitate neuronal oxygenation. This novel mechanism of neuronal respiration provides new insights into the understanding and treatment of neurological diseases such as stroke and Alzheimer's disease and diseases that cause hypoxia in the brain such as anemia.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Neuroglobin/metabolism , Globins/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Brain/metabolism , Oxygen , Anemia/metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 971-979, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors related to pregnancy of endometriosis and whether Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis in long-term management.@*METHODS@#This multicenter cohort study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of endometriosis patients with fertility needs from January 2019 to November 2019. A total of 252 patients with endometriosis from 5 level-III Grade A hospitals in Beijing were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed for the relevant factors. The propensity score matching (PSM) function of SPSS software was used to match the CHMs group with the non-CHMs group. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate analysis showed that age, disease course, presence of infertility, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a), use of CHMs and follow-up time were influencing factors of pregnancy in endometriosis patients (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that age, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of GnRH-a, use of CHMs and follow-up time were independent factors affecting pregnancy in endometriosis patients, among which, age ⩾35 years old, presence of adenomyosis and follow-up time >6 months were independent risk factors (OR=0.445, 0.348, 0.140, respectively, P<0.05), time after surgery or use of GnRH-a ⩽6 months and use of CHMs were independent protective factors (OR=3.839, 3.842, respectively, P<0.05). After PSM, 99 pairs of two groups were matched successfully. The pregnancy rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [55.56% (55/99) vs. 36.36% (36/99), P<0.05]. The live birth rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [49.49% (49/99) vs. 35.35% (35/99), P<0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#CHMs can effectively improve clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of patients with endometriosis in the chronic disease management.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Pregnancy Outcome , Endometriosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Adenomyosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Plant Extracts , Fertilization in Vitro
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1013-1020, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985627

ABSTRACT

Risk prediction models play an important role in the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the elderly population. There are fifteen papers about CVD risk prediction models developed for the elderly domestically and internationally, of which the definitions of disease outcome vary widely. Ten models were reported with insufficient information about study methods or results. Ten models were at high risk of bias. Thirteen models presented moderate discrimination in internal validation, and only four models have undertaken external validation. The CVD risk prediction models for the elderly differed from those for the general population in terms of model algorithm and the effect size of association between predictor and outcome, and the prediction performance of the models for the elderly attenuated. In the future, high-quality external validation researches are necessary to provide more solid evidence. Different ways, including adding new predictors, using competing risk model algorithms, machine learning methods, or joint models, and altering the prediction time horizon, should be explored to optimize the current models.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Algorithms , Machine Learning
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3404-3408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981476

ABSTRACT

Amid the modernization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the safety of TCM has attracted much attention. At the moment, the government, scientific research teams, and pharmaceutical enterprises have made great efforts to explore methods and techniques for clinical safety evaluation of TCM. Although considerable achievements have been made, there are still many problems, such as the non-standard terms of adverse reactions of TCM, unclear evaluation indicators, unreasonable judgment methods, lack of evaluation models, out-of-date evaluation standards, and unsound reporting systems. Therefore, it is urgent to further deepen the research mode and method of clinical safety evaluation of TCM. Based on the current national requirements for the life-cycle management of drugs, this study focused on the problems in the five dimensions of clinical safety evaluation of TCM, including normative terms, evaluation modes, judgment methods, evaluation standards, and reporting systems, and proposed suggestions on the development of a life-cycle clinical safety evaluation method that conformed to the characteristics of TCM, hoping to provide a reference for future research.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional/adverse effects , Social Change
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3263-3268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981463

ABSTRACT

Clinical efficacy is the basis for the development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and the evaluation of clinical efficacy of TCM has always been the focus of attention. The technical and methodological difficulties in the evaluation process often restrict the generation of high-level evidence. Therefore, methodological research should be deepened and innovative practice should be carried out to study the application of scientific research methods in the evaluation of the advantages of TCM. After more than ten years of development, the clinical efficacy evaluation of TCM, on the basis of the initially classic placebo randomized controlled trials, has successively carried out a series of meaningful attempts and explorations in N-of-1 trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, real world studies, narrative medicine studies, systematic evaluation, and other aspects, laying the foundation for the transformation of TCM from "experience" to "evidence". This paper focused on the clinical efficacy evaluation of TCM, summarized the main connotation and development status of efficacy evaluation indicators, standards, and methods, and put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions for the problems of indicator selection, standard formulation, and methodology optimization in the research process. It is clear that scientific and objective evaluation of the efficacy of TCM is an urgent problem to be solved at present.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome , Case-Control Studies , Narrative Medicine
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2180-2192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999151

ABSTRACT

Cancer seriously threatens human life and health, it is urgent for the development of rapid detection, precise localization and effective treatment of tumors. Chemical fluorescent probes that are sensitive to tumor-specific microenvironments have important significance in tumor theranostics and a variety of such probes have been developed. In this review, we classified chemical fluorescent probes that are sensitive to tumor microenvironments according to biological characteristics and microenvironmental changes while combining spectroscopy or response mechanisms, and systematically introduced the research progress of chemical fluorescent probes with sensitivity to hypoxia, low polarity, high viscosity, abnormal pH values and abundant reactive oxygen species in tumor microenvironments, in order to provide references for the development and applications of these probes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 935-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing and those of posterolateral locking plating in the treatment of simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the data of 48 patients who had been operatively treated and completely followed up at Department of Orthopedics, Suqian Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group for simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures from October 2016 to October 2020. There were 26 males and 22 females, aged from 35 to 68 years. They were divided into a minimally invasive group (25 cases subjected to minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing) and an incision group (23 cases subjected to posterolateral locking plating) according to their surgical methods. The operation time, incision length, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, cumulative fluoroscopy time, hospital stay and posterior inclination angles of the tibial plateau and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee function scores at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after operation were compared between the 2 groups. Complications in the 2 groups of patients were recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The 48 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months (average 16.5 months). The minimally invasive group was significantly better than the incision group in operation time [(42.6±9.1) min versus (65.7±11.5) min], incision length [(4.0±0.4) cm versus (15.0±1.5) cm], intraoperative blood loss[(22.6±5.8) mL versus (31.5±8.8) mL], hospital stay [(7.6±1.4) d versus (11.1±2.4) d], and HSS score one month after operation [(84.8±1.9) points versus (72.9±4.1) points], but the cumulative fluoroscopy time in the incision group [(4.1±1.4) s]was significantly less than that in the minimally invasive group [(22.3±4.2) s] ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in fracture healing time, HSS scores at 3, 6, 9, or 12 months after operation, or posterior inclination angle of the tibial plateau between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). There were no such complications as wound infection, vascular injury, internal fixation failure, nonunion or malunion of fractures in either of the 2 groups. Two cases in the incision group presented with symptoms of common peroneal nerve injury but recovered 3 months after operation. Conclusions:Although both minimally invasive reduction through a bone tunnel combined with Jail screwing and posterolateral locking plating can achieve satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of simple posterolateral tibial plateau fractures, the minimally invasive technique is preferable because it shows the advantages of a smaller incision, less bleeding, shorter operation time, a lower operation risk, quicker postoperative recovery and shorter hospital stay.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 785-790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the indication and status of early use of analgesic, sedative and antiepileptic drugs of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) admitted to the neurological intensive care unit (NICU).Methods:A questionnaire covering hospital basic characteristics, prehospital and emergency care, inpatient treatment, neurocritical care and rehabilitation were used to survey NICU of 37 hospitals in 18 municipalities or provinces from the Chinese registry of the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) by Web or Email. The indications for admission to the NICU, categories and frequency of early use of analgesic and sedative drugs, and categories, frequency and indications of early use of antiepileptic drugs were analyzed.Results:Glasgow coma scale (GCS)≤8 points in patients with TBI and post-operation of TBI were the main indications for admission in 30 NICU (81.1%) and 24 NICU (64.9%), respectively. When admitting patients with a GCS of 9-12 points or 13-15 points, most NICU gave more considerations to the combined other risk factors. In terms of the early use of analgesics and sedatives, fentanyl was routinely used for analgesia (i.e., use frequency for 70%-100%) in 13 NICU (35.1%), and midazolam and alpha-2 agonists were routinely used for sedation in 24 NICU (64.9%) and 18 NICU (48.6%), respectively. Regarding the early use of antiepileptic drugs, sodium valproate was routinely used in 35 NICU (94.6%). Moreover, seizures within 2 hours after injury, penetrating TBI and cortical contusion were indications for routine application of antiepileptic drugs in 35 NICU (94.6%), 21 NICU (56.8%) and 20 NICU (54.1%), respectively.Conclusions:Severe TBI and post-operation of TBI are the main indications for admission to the NICU, while the combination of other risk factors will be considered when admitting patients with moderate or mild TBI. For TBI patients admitted to NICU, fentanyl, midazolam and sodium valproate are the most commonly used analgesic, sedative, and antiepileptic drugs in the early stage. Seizures within 2 hours after injury, penetrating TBI and cortical contusion are the main indications for antiepileptic drug use.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 510-516, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of the proximal tibial lateral locking plate with rafting screws combined with Jail screws in the treatment of collapse fracture of the lateral tibial plateau.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on clinical data of 36 patients with collapse fracture of the lateral tibial plateau admitted to Suqian Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group from January 2016 to January 2020, including 19 males and 17 females, aged 34-68 years [(48.6±5.8)years]. Schatzker classification was type II in 28 patients and type III in 8 patients. All patients were treated using the proximal tibial lateral locking plate with raft screws combined with Jail screws. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing were detected. The distance of articular surface collapse of the tibial plateau, posterior inclination angle (PSA) of the tibial plateau, tibial plateau varus angle (TPVA) and Rasmussen anatomical score were compared before operation and at day 2 and 1 year after operation. The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score was used to evaluate knee function at day 2 and 1 year after operation. Complications were also recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-32 months [(19.5±3.1)months]. The operation time was 56-82 minutes [(68.5±9.1)minutes]. The intraoperative blood loss was 40-100 ml [(75.6±10.2)ml]. The fracture was clinically healed by first-stage, with the healing time of 8 to 15 weeks [(12.5±1.3)weeks]. The distance of articular surface collapse of the tibial plateau was improved from (15.5±4.2)mm before operation to (0.7±0.3)mm at day 2 after operation and (1.0±0.2)mm at 1 year after operation (all P<0.01). The PSA was improved from (21.2±2.1)° before operation to (8.9±0.8)° at day 2 after operation and (9.2±0.6)° at 1 year after operation (all P<0.01). The TPA was improved from (100.2±3.7)° before operation to (88.9±1.8)° at day 2 after operation and (87.2±1.6)° at 1 year after operation (all P<0.05). The Rasmussen anatomical score changed from (7.8±1.8)points before operation to (17.1±0.9)points at day 2 after operation and (16.3±0.7)points at 1 year after operation (all P<0.01). There were no significant difference in the distance of articular surface collapse of the tibial plateau, PSA, TPVA and Rasmussen anatomical score at day 2 and 1 year after operation (all P>0.05). The HSS score was (92.8±3.2)points at 1 year after operation, significantly higher than (74.8±3.5) points at day 2 after operation ( P<0.01). Two patients sustained superficial wound infection after operation, which healed after debridement and dressing change. No deep infection occurred. Conclusion:For patients with collapse fracture of the lateral tibial plateau, the proximal tibial lateral locking plate with rafting screws combined with Jail screws can effectively prevent secondary collapse of the articular surface and obtain satisfactory anatomical reduction, good functional recovery and few postoperative complications.

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