Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 400
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method for rapid detection and typing of NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by fluorescence melting curve analysis technology.@*METHODS@#A pair of primers and a fluorescent single-stranded probe (molecule beacon) were designed for the mutant genes mutA, mutB, mutD in exon 12 of nucleopsin (NPM1) and wild type. With a real-time qPCR, the A, B, and D gene mutations of NPM1 were detected and typed by different-melting curve peak value of the probe through RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#This method could detected the mutations of A, B, and D in NPM1 effectively with a sensitivity of 1%. Furthermore, 62 AML clinical samples were evaluated by the method. In the results, the detection rate and typing of NPM1 mutations were consistent with the sequencing results of clinical samples.@*CONCLUSION@#There are three features in the method of fluorescence melting curve analysis: stable PCR system, easy to operate, and the easily distinguishable results. The method might meet the demand for rapid typing of NPM1 gene mutation in early diagnosis or concomitant diagnosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Exons , Genotype , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore biomechanical characteristics of minimally invasive different screw fixations in treating Sanders typeⅡcalcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#Dicom data of calcaneus by CT scan were input into Mimics 21.0 software and Ansys15.0 software to construct three-dimensional finite element digital model of calcaneus;this model was input into UG NX 10.0 software, and calcaneus was cut according to Sanders classification to establish Sanders typeⅡ calcaneus model with posterior articular surface collapse;then simulated minimally invasive screw internal fixation after calcaneal fracture:a screw from posterior articular surface was used to outside-in fix sustentaculum tali, other 4 screws were used to fix calcaneus by different methods through calcaneal tuberosity, and 4 different calcaneal models were obtained. Under the same conditions, 4 types of internal fixation models were loaded respectively, and nonlinear finite element analysis was performed to calculate the stress distribution of different internal fixation models.@*RESULTS@#Under the same condition of loading, the model 3 had smaller displacement value, maximum calcaneus displacement value and maximum equivalent stress value of the screw than other three internal fixation models, and the stress was more dispersed.@*CONCLUSION@#In minimally invasive screw internal fixation of calcaneus fracture, after 1 sustentaculum tali screw fixation, 2 screws crossed fix posterior articular surface from calcaneal tuberosity, 2 screws fix parallelly calcaneocuboid joint from calcaneal tuberosity are more suitable for biomechanical requirements, and could provide basic theory for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Bone Screws , Calcaneus/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874545

ABSTRACT

Background@#Ultrasound-guided minimally invasive procedures are widely used to treat thyroid diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of ethanol ablation (EA) in comparison with other non-surgical options in the treatment of benign thyroid cystic nodules. @*Methods@#We conducted a systematic search of studies on EA for thyroid cystic nodules, mainly in the Ovid-MEDLINE and Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases. The standardized mean difference (SMD) of the volume reduction ratio (VRR) after EA versus other non-surgical treatments comprised the primary outcome, whereas the odds ratio (OR) of therapeutic success rates between the two groups comprised the secondary outcome. @*Results@#The meta-analysis included 19 studies (four randomized controlled trials and 15 non-randomized studies) with 1,514 participants. The cumulative VRR of EA was 83.908% (95% confidence interval [CI], 79.358% to 88.457%). EA had a significantly higher pooled VRR (SMD, 0.381; 95% CI, 0.028 to 0.734; P=0.030), but not a significantly higher pooled therapeutic success rate (OR, 0.867; 95% CI, 0.132 to 5.689; P=0.880), than other forms of non-surgical management including radiofrequency ablation (RFA), polidocanol sclerotherapy, and simple aspiration with or without saline flush. However, the VRR and therapeutic success rate were not significantly different between EA and RFA. Major complications were recorded only in six patients (0.53%) with self-limiting dysphonia. @*Conclusion@#The role of EA as the first-line treatment for benign thyroid cysts and predominantly cystic nodules is supported by its high effectiveness and good safety profile compared to other currently available non-surgical options.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 413-420, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815838

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a refractory disease with high mortality in which the host's immune response to the infection is dysfunctional, resulting in life-threatening organ function damage. The pathogenesis of sepsis is complex, involving systemic inflammation, immunosuppressive and coagulation abnormalities, and endothelial barrier damage caused by the infecting pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins. The pathogenesis of sepsis is closely related to multiple systems disorder and multiple organ dysfunction and failure. In recent years, the incidence of sepsis has been increasing globally, with an annual increase of 9%. Since the development of sepsis does not depend on the infecting pathogenic microorganisms and the late inflammatory reaction can be life-threatening, clinical treatment of sepsis can be very difficult. However, the current antibiotic treatments for sepsis are not ideal. Most clinical treatments are not curative, so researchers seek new drug designs based on exploring molecular mechanisms of the pathophysiological process in sepsis patients. This paper reviews the recent development of drugs designed according to the sepsis pathophysiological process.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787740

ABSTRACT

Epidemiology is a discipline integrating methodology and applied science, whose mission is to prevent and control diseases and promote health. This review introduces the new progress of epidemiology from five aspects: communicable diseases, chronic diseases, systems epidemiology, implementation research and big data of health care. New projects and constantly emerging technologies in the field of infectious diseases are inspiring, while more attention should be paid to the environmental factors of pathogen variation. In the field of chronic diseases, there is an urgent need to study the multimorbidity of the elderly. The role of infectious inducers and human microbiota in the occurrence and development of chronic diseases has been gradually revealed. Systems epidemiology, which is of great significance to achieve precision prevention is a new branch and an important supplement of modern epidemiology. Implementation research, is a bridge connecting basic scientific research and public health practice and will provide evidence to support the effective implementation of the Health China Action Plan. The development of health care big data is based on digital public health, which provides a broad research platform and abundant data resources for epidemiology, and will promote the fundamental transformation of the service and management mode of public health.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787737

ABSTRACT

@#To evaluate the association between the frequency of bowel movement (BMF) and the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, 510 134 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) were included after excluding those who reported to had been diagnosed with cancer at baseline survey. The baseline survey was conducted from 2004 to 2008. The study used the data from the baseline survey and follow-up until December 31, 2016. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the s and the 95s of risk of PD diagnosis with BMF. During an average follow-up period of (9.9±1.9) years, 808 participants were diagnosed with PD. Compared with participants who had bowel movements every day, the multivariable-adjusted (95) for those who had bowel movements<3 times/week, once every 2-3 days, and>1 time/day were 3.62 (2.88-4.54), 2.13 (1.74-2.60), and 0.81 (0.63-1.05), respectively. The linear trend test results of the association between BMF and risk of PD diagnosis was significant (<0.001). Compared with the participants who had bowel movements ≥1 time/day, the multivariable-adjusted (95) for those who had bowel movements<1 time/day was 3.13 (2.32-4.23) within the 5 years of follow- up and was 2.48 (2.05-3.01) beyond the 5 years of follow-up. The gender specific results were similar. The association of BMF<1 time/day with risk of PD diagnosis was stronger in older participants. The participants with low BMF at baseline survey would have higher risk for PD diagnosis in the subsequent 10 years on average. Since abnormal decrease of BMF is easy to be found, programs could be set up for the early screening of PD in older people, along with other early symptoms of PD.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-8, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.@*METHODS@#We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission.@*RESULTS@#From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical application of virtual and simulation techniques to aid pre-operative design for precise screw placement into the sustentaculum tali in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2019, 68 patients were treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Suqian Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University for intra-articular calcaneal fractures of Sanders types Ⅱ-Ⅳ. According to different designs of screw placement into the sustentaculum tali, they were assigned into a control group (38 cases and 42 feet) and an observation group (30 cases and 33 feet). There were 24 males and 14 females with an age of 39.3 years±8.8 years in the control group. There were 17 males and 13 females with an age of 42.0 years ± 7.6 years in the observation group. The control group was given a routine placement design based on the X-ray and MSCT scanning images of the injured feet. In the observation group, a Mimics model was first constructed using the X-ray and MSCT scanning images of the normal or less injured feet for further virtual screw placement into the sustentaculum tali on a 3D printed model. The disparity was investigated between the parameters designed and the actual values in both groups. The 2 groups were compared in terms of average placements, screw distribution, placement accuracy, placement time and Maryland scores of foot function one year after operation.Results:There were no significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The design parameters and actual values in the control group were respectively as follows: 17.7°±3.2° versus 15.1°±5.9° in upward oblique angle, 20.3°±2.1° versus 16.2°±6.8° in backward oblique angle, and 47.9 mm ± 3.8 mm versus 45.4 mm ± 4.2 mm in length of screw path, showing significant differences ( P< 0.05). The design parameters and actual values in the observation group were as follows: 16.5°±3.5° versus 17.1°±3.9° in upward oblique angle, 20.9°±4.3° and 19.6°±3.8° in backward oblique angle, and 48.1 mm ± 3.1 mm versus 47.3 mm ± 3.8 mm in length of screw path, showing insignificant differences ( P>0.05). The average screw placements into the sustenta culum tali in the observation group (1.6±0.5) were significantly more than those in the control group (1.2±0.4). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a higher rate of placement of 2 screws[60.6 % (20/23) versus 16.7% (7/42)], higher accuracy of placement [94.3% (50/53) versus 77.6% (38/49)], less placement time for each screw (9.6 mm±3.9 min versus 13.2 mm±4.7 mm), less placement time for each foot (15.6 mm±4.8 min versus 20.5 mm±3.8 mm), and higher Maryland scores at one year after operation (94.2±6.5 versus 89.7±6.9). All the above comparisons were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Application of virtual and simulation techniques to aid pre-operative design for precise screw placement into the sustentaculum tali can improve the outcomes of intra-articular calcaneal fractures, because it increases the number of screws placed, enhances quality of screw placement, shortens operation time, and thus facilitates functional recovery of the injured foot.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 743-748, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867770

ABSTRACT

Microglia are the immune cells in central neural system. Microglia play an important role in central neural system such as surrounding environment monitoring, apoptosis induction and mature synapse formation. Besides, as a pathological process, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause the structure and function damage of central nervous system. While the activated microglia can change the TBI-induced pathological process and play an important role during the course of injury. Therefore, the authors review the important physiological function of microglia and its pathological role so as to provide references for clinical treatment.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 636-640, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866874

ABSTRACT

Delirium is an acute brain dysfunction syndrome that is common in adult critical care patients. The pathogenesis of delirium is highly related with neuroinflammation, neurotransmitter imbalance, abnormal stress response, and cerebral ischemia. In intensive care unit (ICU), the occurrence of delirium is accompanied with long-term cognitive impairment in patients. Effective assessment tools can detect ICU delirium as early as possible, and subsequent treatment can improve the clinical outcome. However, there are no specific protocols for the treatment of ICU delirium, and active prevention is of particular important. This narrative review aims to address the risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of ICU delirium, with a view to increase the understanding of ICU delirium and standardize management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865762

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the teaching quality of medical microbiology, teachers constructed the syllabus from six levels according to Bloom's taxonomy, including memory, understanding, application, analysis, evaluation and innovation, teaching objectives, teaching methods and lesson preparation. The aim is to stimulate students' enthusiasm for learning and to promote students' ability of deep learning and innovation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.Methods:The clinical data of 605 patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from June 2017 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The independent risk factors of AKI were analyzed by Logistic regression.Results:Univariate analysis showed that age ( P = 0.001), anemia ( P = 0.036), hypoalbuminemia ( P = 0.001), coronary heart disease ( P = 0.040), hypertension ( P = 0.042), use of ACEI/ARB drugs ( P = 0.025), duration of MAP < 55 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa)( P = 0.000) presented statistical significance( P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant difference in age ( P = 0.016), hypoalbuminemia ( P = 0.009), duration of MAP < 55 mmHg ( P = 0.003). Conclusions:Age, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, coronary artery disease, hypertension, use of ACEI/ARB drugs, duration of MAP < 55 mmHg are risk factors of postoperative AKI, among which age, hypoalbuminemia, duration of MAP < 55 mmHg are independent risk factors.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864934

ABSTRACT

Endotracheal intubation is used to relieve upper airway obstruction, assist ventilation in case of respiratory failure, and airway management and surgical anesthesia.However, tracheal intubation may cause many airway complications, especially the prolongation of intubation time, especially including mucosal edema, hematoma, ulcer, cyst, granulation, glottic (inferior) stenosis, arytenoid joint dislocation, vocal cord paralysis and so on.This study mainly introduces complications related with airway and its related management.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881024

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemia is the dominant phenotype of diabetes and the main contributor of diabetic complications. Puerarin is widely used in cardiovascular diseases and diabetic vascular complications. However, little is known about its direct effects on diabetes. The aim of our study is to investigate its antidiabetic effect in vivo and in vitro, and explore the underlying mechanism. We used type I diabetic mice induced by streptozotocin to observe the effects of puerarin on glucose metabolism. In addition, oxidative stress and hepatic mitochondrial respiratory activity were evaluated in type I diabetic mice. In vitro, glucose consumption in HepG2 cells was assayed along with the qPCR detection of glucogenesis genes expression. Moreover, ATP production was examined and phosphorylation of AMPK was determined using Western blot. Finally, the molecular docking was performed to predict the potential interaction of puerarin with AMPK utilizing program LibDock of Discovery Studio 2018 software. The results showed that puerarin improved HepG2 glucose consumption and upregulated the glucogenesis related genes expression. Also, puerarin lowered fasting and fed blood glucose with improvement of glucose tolerance in type I diabetic mice. Further mechanism investigation showed that puerarin suppressed oxidative stress and improved hepatic mitochondrial respiratory function with enhancing ATP production and activating phosphorylation of AMPK. Docking study showed that puerarin interacted with AMPK activate site and enhancing phosphorylation. Taken together, these findings indicated that puerarin exhibited the hypoglycemic effect through attenuating oxidative stress and improving mitochondrial function via AMPK regulation, which may serve as a potential therapeutic option for diabetes treatment.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881023

ABSTRACT

Excess accumulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) causes obesity which is an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Obesity is a serious concern because it has been the leading causes of death worldwide, including diabetes, stroke, heart disease and cancer. Therefore, uncovering the mechanism of obesity and discovering anti-obesity drugs are crucial to prevent obesity and its complications. Browning, inducing white adipose tissue to brown or beige (brite) fat which is brown-like fat emerging in WAT, becomes an appealing therapeutic strategy for obesity and metabolic disorders. Due to lack of efficacy or intolerable side-effects, the clinical trials that promote brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis and browning of WAT have not been successful in humans. Obviously, more specific means still need to be developed to activate browning of white adipose tissue. In this review, we summarized seven kinds of natural products (alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, long chain fatty acids, phenolic acids, else and extract) promoting white adipose tissue browning which can ameliorate the metabolic disorders, including obesity, dislipidemia, insulin resistance and diabetes. Since natural products are important drug sources and the browning property plays a significant role in not only obesity treatment but also in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) improvement, natural products of inducing browning may be an irreplaceable drug discovery orientation for obesity, diabetes and even other metabolic disorders.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a three-dimensional (3D) method for evaluating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) changes during Twin-block treatment.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion treated using Twin-block and nine untreated patients with a similar malocclusion were included in this research. We collected their cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data from before and 8 months after treatment. Segmentations were constructed using ITK-SNAP. Condylar volume and superficial area were measured using 3D Slicer. The 3D landmarks were identified on CBCT images by using Dolphin software to assess the condylar positional relationship. 3D models of the mandible and glenoid fossa of the patients were constructed and registered via voxel-based superimposition using 3D Slicer. Thereafter, skeletal changes could be visualized using 3DMeshMetric in any direction of the superimposition on a color-coded map. All the superimpositions were measured using the same scale on the distance color-coded map, in which red color represents overgrowth and blue color represents resorption.@*RESULTS@#Significant differences were observed in condylar volume, superficial area, and condylar position in both groups after 8 months. Compared with the control group (CG), the Twin-block group exhibited more obvious condyle-fossa modifications and joint positional changes. Moreover, on the color-coded map, more obvious condyle-fossa modifications could be observed in the posterior and superior directions in the Twin-block group than in the CG.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We successfully established a 3D method for measuring and evaluating TMJ changes caused by Twin-block treatment. The treatment produced a larger condylar size and caused condylar positional changes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849626

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of bortezomib-based chemotherapy regimen [BTD chemotherapy regimen (bortezomib and thalidomide combined with dexamethasone) and BCD chemotherapy regimen (bortezomib and cyclophosphamide combined with dexamethasone)] in the treatment of new multiple myeloma (MM). Methods From May 2015 to May 2019, 80 newly diagnosed MM patients hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of Sanya Central Hospital were divided into BTD group (n=40) and BCD group (n=40). Patients in BTD group were given BTD chemotherapy regimen, and BCD group patients were given BCD chemotherapy regimen. Clinical efficacy, changes in myeloma markers [serum M protein, serum free light chain (κ-λ), immunofixation electrophoresis, β2 microglobulin, bone marrow plasma cells] and adverse reactions were evaluated in the two groups after 4 courses of treatment. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in the two groups were evaluated at follow-up period. Results The overall response rate (ORR) of the BTD group was significantly higher than that of the BCD group [95.0%(38/40) vs. 75.0%(30/40)], the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). Conclusion In the bortezomib-based chemotherapy regimen, the efficacy of BTD group is significantly better than that of BCD group, which could effectively reduce the indexes of myeloma, and the adverse reactions are lower, but there would be no significant difference in OS and PFS between the two groups.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2565-2572, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent studies have reported circular RNA (circRNA) expression profiles in various tissue types; however, circRNA expression profile in human epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) remains undefined. This work aimed to compare circRNA expression patterns in EAT between the heart failure (HF) and non-HF groups.@*METHODS@#RNA-sequencing was carried out to compare circRNA expression patterns in EAT specimens from coronary artery disease cases between the HF and non-HF groups. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for validation. Comparisons of patient characteristics between the two groups were using t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-squared test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 141 circRNAs substantially different between the HF and non-HF groups (P 2) were detected, including 56 up-regulated and 85 down-regulated. Among them, hsa_circ_0005565 stood out, for it had the highest fold change and was significantly increased in HF patients in quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction validation. The top highly expressed EAT circRNAs corresponded to genes involved in cell proliferation and inflammatory response, including GSE1, RHOBTB3, HIPK3, UBXN7, PCMTD1, N4BP2L2, CFLAR, EPB41L2, FCHO2, FNDC3B, and SPECC1. The top enriched Gene Ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway were positive regulation of metabolic processes and insulin resistance, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#These data indicate EAT circRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders causing HF.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Gene Ontology , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , RNA, Circular , Sequence Analysis, RNA
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1155-1165, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827632

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Resting heart rate (RHR) is considered as a strong predictor of total mortality and hospitalization due to heart failure in hypertension patients. Bisoprolol fumarate, a second-generation beta-adrenoreceptor blockers (β-blocker) is commonly prescribed drug to manage hypertension. The present study was to retrospectively evaluate changes in the average RHR and its association with cardiovascular outcomes in bisoprolol-treated coronary artery disease (CAD) patients from the CAD treated with bisoprolol (BISO-CAD) study who had comorbid hypertension.@*METHODS@#We performed ad-hoc analysis for hypertension sub-group of the BISO-CAD study (n = 866), which was a phase IV, multination, multi-center, single-arm, observational study carried out from October 2011 to July 2015 across China, South Korea, and Vietnam. Multivariate regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with incidence of composite cardiac clinical outcome (CCCO), the results were presented as adjusted odds ratio (OR) along with 95% confidence interval (CI) and adjusted P value.@*RESULTS@#A total of 681 patients (mean age: 64.77 ± 10.33 years) with hypertension from BISO-CAD study were included in the analysis. Bisoprolol improved CCCOs in CAD patients with comorbid hypertension, with RHR <65 and <70 beats/min compared with RHR ≥65 and ≥75 beats/min, respectively, in the efficacy analysis (EA) set. In addition, it lowered RHR in both intent-to-treat (ITT) and EA groups after 6, 12, and 18 months of treatment. Further, RHR 70 to 74 beats/min resulted in significantly higher risk of CCCOs EA set of patients (adjusted OR: 4.34; 95% CI: 1.19-15.89; P = 0.03). Also, events of hospitalization due to acute coronary syndrome were higher when RHR 69 to 74 beats/min compared to RHR <69 beats/min in ITT patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Bisoprolol can effectively reduce RHR in Asian CAD patients with comorbid hypertension and hence, improve CCCO without affecting their blood pressure.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL