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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 345-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986893

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of the time-point distribution of the occurrence of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) by 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (24 h MII-pH) and to provide guidance for the development of individualized anti-reflux strategies for LPR patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 24 h MII-pH data from 408 patients [339 males and 69 females, aged 23-84 (55.08±11.08) years] attending the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the Sixth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to March 2020. The number of gas acid/weak-acid reflux, mixed gas-liquid acid/weak-acid reflux, liquid acid/weak-acid reflux and alkaline reflux events at different time points were recorded and statistically analyzed through SPSS 26.0 software. Results: A total of 408 patients were included. Based on the 24 h MII-pH, the total positive rate of LPR was 77.45% (316/408). The type of positive gaseous weak-acid reflux was significantly higher than the remaining types of LPR (χ2=297.12,P<0.001). Except the gaseous weak-acid reflux, the occurrence of the remaining types of LPR showed a tendency to increase after meals, especially after dinner. Liquid acid reflux events occurred mainly between after dinner and the following morning, and 47.11% (57/121) of them occurred within 3 h after dinner. There was a significant positive association between Reflux Symptom Index scores and gaseous weak-acid reflux(r=0.127,P<0.01), liquid acid reflux(r=0.205,P<0.01) and liquid weak-acid reflux(r=0.103,P<0.05)events. Conclusions: With the exception of gaseous weak-acid reflux events, the occurrence of the remaining types of LPR events has a tendency to increase after meals, especially after dinner. Gaseous weak-acid reflux events accounts for the largest proportion of all types of LPR events, but the pathogenic mechanisms of gaseous weak-acid reflux are needed to further investigate.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Otolaryngology , Software , Electric Impedance
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of ARID5B gene and resistance to methotrexate (MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 144 children with ALL who were treated in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2015 to November 2021 were enrolled and divided into MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group, with 72 cases in each group. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology was used to measure the SNP of ARID5B gene in all children and analyze its correlation with MTX resistant.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the genotype and gene frequency of rs7923074, rs10821936, rs6479778, and rs2893881 between MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group (P>0.05). The frequency of C/C genotype in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T/T genotype was opposite (P<0.05). The frequency of C allele in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T allele was opposite (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ARID5B gene rs4948488 TT genotype and T allele frequency were risk factors for MTX resistant in ALL children (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The SNP of ARID5B gene is associated with MTX resistant in ALL children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Methotrexate , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
3.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 742-748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005661

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 Third-party research participants recruitment companies and their recruitment businesses are in the ascendant. To analyze the current situation of company construction, clinical trial application, and ethical review, and discuss and propose ethical management suggestions based on work experience. 【Methods:】 The recruitment of research participants related to the projects approved by the ethics committee in our hospital in the past two years was investigated by questionnaire to comprehend and analyze the data of the third-party recruitment company in construction, application, and ethical review. 【Results:】 This paper found the problems of the third-party recruitment company in the application of clinical trials, the company’s own construction, and the standardization of ethical review, and analyzed the phenomenon and causes of the problems based on work experience. 【Conclusion:】 Although the application of third-party recruitment companies is becoming more and more extensive, it is still in a mixed state of pros and cons. It is necessary for all parties to work together to further standardize and constrain them, so as to protect the rights and interests of research participants and effectively support clinical trial research.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 79-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004894

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the implementation effect of points-based household registration policy for blood donors in Nanjing, so as to provide reference for other provinces and cities to develop incentive policies for blood donation. 【Methods】 The basic demographic profile, registration situation and deferral reasons of blood donors who applied for points-based household registration from 2017 to 2021 were analyzed by Excel. 【Results】 1) A total of 388 blood donors applied for points-based household registration for blood donation from 2017 to 2021, accounting for 0.042% of the total blood donors in Nanjing (388/923 160), and 357 applications were approved, accounting for 0.039% (357/923 160). 2) The proportion of male applicants was higher than that of female applicants (55.15% vs 44.85%). Applicants aged 26~35 accounted for the largest, followed by applicants aged 36~45, and applicants aged 18~25 accounted for the least. The proportion of applicants in Jiangsu province(23.27%) was higher than that of applicants from other provinces. The top three occupations were employees, workers and jobless. In terms of education level, applicants with junior high school education or below accounted for the largest, followed by high school and secondary school (35.05% vs 29.38% vs 23.20%). The proportion of first-time blood donors was the highest (33.24%). Among the repeated blood donors, blood donors who donated blood 2~3 times were with the highest share (23.93%). Nineteen donors(4.90%) got more than 100 points. 3) A total of 31 blood donors were deferred from 2017 to 2021, accounting for 7.90% of the total applicants. Among them, 23 applicants donated in other cities than Nanjing, 5 applicants failed to provide valid blood donation certificates, and 3 applicants submitted irrelevant material. 【Conclusion】 The implementation of points-based household registration policy for voluntary blood donors in Nanjing helped blood donors who could not reach other points due to low education level and income to become registered permanent residence in Nanjing

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2794-2801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999018

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer is recognized as a chronic nonhealing wound, often associated with bacterial infection and tissue necrosis, which seriously affect patients' health and quality of life. The traditional treatment methods exist some problems, such as bacterial resistance and secondary trauma, so it is urgent to find new methods to meet the requirements of diabetic ulcer treatment. In this study, we prepared a drug delivery system (DFO@CuS nanoparticles) based on hollow copper sulfide (CuS) nanoparticles loaded with deferoxamine (DFO), which realized the synergistic therapy of promoting angiogenesis and photothermal antibacterial. The morphological structure and particle size distribution of DFO@CuS nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and particle size analyzer, respectively. The antibacterial effect of DFO@CuS nanoparticles was evaluated by the plate coating method. The effects of DFO@CuS nanoparticles on the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were evaluated by CCK-8 (cell counting kit-8) assay, cell scratch assay, and tube formation assay. The results showed that DFO@CuS nanoparticles were hollow and spherical in shape with an average particle size of (200.9 ± 8.6) nm. DFO@CuS nanoparticles could effectively inhibit the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. DFO@CuS nanoparticles showed negligible cytotoxicity and effective acceleration of cell migration and tube formation in a certain concentration range. In conclusion, the prepared DFO@CuS nanoparticles exhibit good photothermal antibacterial properties and pro-angiogenic effects, providing a basis for their application in the treatment of diabetic ulcer.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1311-1321, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It remains unclear whether circulating malondialdehyde (MDA) levels change in people with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This systematic review compared circulating MDA levels in diabetic people with and without DR.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), and Web of Science were searched for case-control studies conducted before May 2022 in English that compared circulating MDA levels in people with and without DR. The following MeSH search terms were used: ("malondialdehyde" or "thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]" or "lipid peroxidation" or "oxidative stress") and "diabetic retinopathy." Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. Random-effects pairwise meta-analysis pooled the effect size with standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).@*RESULTS@#This meta-analysis included 29 case-control studies with 1680 people with DR and 1799 people with diabetes but not DR. Compared to people without DR, the circulating MDA levels were higher in those with DR (SMD, 0.897; 95% CI, 0.631 to 1.162; P  < 0.001). The study did not identify credible subgroup effects or publication bias and the sensitivity analysis confirmed the robustness of the study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Circulating MDA levels are higher in people with DR compared to those without. Future comparative studies that use more specific methods are required to draw firm conclusions.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ; No. CRD42022352640.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Retinopathy , Malondialdehyde , Oxidative Stress , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1461-1465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980533

ABSTRACT

AIM: To preliminarily evaluate the efficacy and safety of XEN drainage tube implantation in the treatment of refractory glaucoma.METHODS: The clinical data of 10 patients(11 eyes)with refractory glaucoma who underwent XEN gel drainage tube implantation in Peking University Third Hospital from September 2021 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were followed-up for 8-12mo after surgery, the intraocular pressure(IOP)and the use of IOP lowering medication were observed, and the effect of the surgery was evaluated.RESULTS: The highest IOP was 21-55(median 35)mmHg before surgery and 10-40(median 15)mmHg at the last follow-up. There were 2-4(median 4)kinds of IOP lowering drugs before operation and 0-4(median 0)kinds of IOP lowering drugs at the last follow-up. Up to the last follow-up, the surgery was successful in 8 eyes and unsuccessful in 3 eyes.CONCLUSION: Implantation of XEN gel drainage tube is a safe and effective method for the treatment of refractory glaucoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 14-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934168

ABSTRACT

Chronic osteomyelitis is a serious clinical problem with repeated courses and high disability rate, which seriously affects the physical and mental health of patients. Through continuous learning and summary in the process of using traditional therapies, the innovative improvements and changes had made in the treatment of osteomyelitis: Radical debridement of lesions was performed by applying the basic principles of modern bone tumor surgery. The application of microsurgical technique to transfer composite tissue flap can provide guarantee for tissue defect repair and wound closure without tension. Combined with bone grafting, local antibiotics and bone fixation, an one-stage operation has significantly improve the therapeutic effect of chronic complex osteomyelitis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 371-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931083

ABSTRACT

Microcirculation alterations of the human retina are of significant relevance with glaucoma.Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a non-invasive examination that provides signals of the retina and retinal microcirculation.It is currently widely used in research and screening for glaucoma due to its effective detection of each layer in the retinal microcirculation.Vessel density of radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) is positively correlated with the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, which is crucial in the assessment of glaucoma.Peripapillary region and macula are regions of interest in OCTA analysis for microcirculation.Vessel density of the whole retina and RPC in the peripapillary region decreases significantly, which matches the thinned retinal fiber layer thickness and visual field defects, and is relevant to the disease severity.As for the macular region, vessel density declines while the area of the foveal avascular zone increases.Greater changes in late-stage glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma are detected by OCTA compared with other stages and types of glaucoma.OCTA imaging may be influenced by high myopia and intraocular pressure, and the peripapillary region is of greater diagnostic value than macula in microcirculation changes.In conclusion, OCTA can serve as a new technique for the assessment of retinal microcirculation in glaucoma.This review summarized the characteristics of retinal microcirculation in OCTA images and its change in peripapillary and macular region in glaucoma eyes.Influencing factors associated with peripapillary and macular microcirculation changes in OCTA images and evaluation of peripapillary and macular microcirculation in glaucoma by OCTA and their diagnostic values were reviewed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 357-360, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931080

ABSTRACT

Surgery to destroy the ciliary body is an effective means to reduce the intraocular pressure in glaucoma.Ultrasound cycloplasty (UCP) is a computer-aided automatic operation that produces high-intensity focused ultrasound to induce ciliary body coagulation through miniaturized transducers.UCP reduces intraocular pressure mainly by destroying ciliary process epithelial cells and increasing uveoscleral outflow.With a wide range of indications, UCP is mainly used for refractory glaucoma, including patients with or without history of anti-glaucoma surgery.It can reduce intraocular pressure safely and efficiently with good outcome, and can be used as a reproducible effective alternative to non-invasive glaucoma surgery.The effect of UCP is better in patients with angle-closure glaucoma, high intraocular pressure before operation, application of second-generation probe and long exposure time.In order to provide reference for clinical treatment and research, the indications, surgical procedures, precautions, mechanism of action, effectiveness, safety, factors affecting therapeutic effect and the deficiencies of researches about UCP in the treatment of glaucoma were reviewed in this article.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 87-91, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ixazomib combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (IRd) regimen in treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients in the real world practice.Methods:The clinical data of 24 MM patients treated with IRd regimen from January 2019 to January 2021 in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed, and their efficacy and adverse reactions were analyzed. Among the 24 patients, 5 patients were relapsed and refractory (relapsed/refractory group), and 19 newly treated patients (conversion group) who responded to bortezomib induction therapy but converted to IRd regimen due to adverse reactions or other reasons.Results:The 24 patients were treated for a median of 4 cycles (2-7 cycles), with 8 cases of complete remission (CR), 6 cases of very good partial remission (VGPR), 8 cases of partial remission (PR), 1 case of disease progression (PD), 1 case of minimal response (MR), and the overall response rate (ORR) was 91.7% (22/24); the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 15 months (95% CI 6.6-23.4 months); 6 CR patients were negative for minimal residual disease (MRD). The common adverse reactions were hematological adverse reactions, peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, gastrointestinal reactions, and infections. The incidence rate of grade 3-4 adverse reactions was 25.0% (6/24). In the relapsed/refractory group, the best efficacy was VGPR in 1 case, PR in 3 cases, and MR in 1 case, all patients withdrew from the IRd regimen therapy due to PD after transient remission or poor effect; in the conversion group, the best efficacy was CR in 8 cases, VGPR in 5 cases, PR in 5 cases, and PD in 1 case, 57.9% (11/19) patients maintained their original best response, and 36.8% (7/19) patients improved their best response to CR; the difference in median PFS time between the two groups was statistically significant (7 months vs. not reached, P = 0.018). Conclusions:The IRd regimen is safe and effective for MM patients, especially for the conversion patients after effective bortezomib induction therapy. Although patients with relapsed/refractory MM who have previously used multi-line therapy respond to IRd regimen, the duration of remission is limited.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 252-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the dilemma between the traditional ethics review management model and the fast development of biomedical research involving human subject, and to effectively summarize the practical experience to improve the efficiency of ethics review.Methods:A series of measures, such as reorganizing the ethics committee, adjusting the operating procedures of the office and optimizing the process of joint review were reviewed and summarized. The successful experience of relevant measures is systematically shared in practice.Results:The practice proved that these measures effectively guaranteed the fast development of clinical trials and research in our hospital during the past two years.Conclusions:The author hopes to strengthen the discussion and exchange with professionals in the industry through the successful practical experience of our hospital, and contribute to the improvement of the level of ethical management in China.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-211, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940570

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the material basis and mechanism of Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma (NRER)-Agrimoniae Herba (AH), the herbal pair effective in regulating the liver, invigorating Qi, and calming palpitations, in the treatment of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) by network pharmacology and molecular docking. MethodThe chemical components and targets of NRER and AH were collected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) combined with relevant literature. GeneCards,Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM),and DrugBank were used to predict the potential targets against PVCs. STRING platform was used for protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis. Metascape platform was used for Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis. Cytoscape 3.8.0 was used to construct the NRER-AH component-potential target-signaling pathway network. The main target proteins underwent molecular docking to the active components of NRER-AH by AutoDock 4.2.6. ResultThe targets of nine active components in NRER-AH (such as quercetin,kaempferol,and acacetin) against PVCs mainly involved tumor necrosis factor (TNF),mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1),and protein kinase B1(Akt1). The potential targets were mainly enriched in 26 signaling pathways,such as pathways in cancer and the advanced glycosylation end product (AGE)-receptor of advanced glycosylation end product(RAGE) signaling pathway. The results of molecular docking showed that the majority of the active components (92.59%) of NRER-AH had good binding activities with the main target proteins TNF,MAPK1,and Akt1. ConclusionThe active components of NRER-AH can regulate cardiac ion channels,resist inflammation, and combat oxidative stress to treat PVCs through multi-target and multi-pathway interventions. They can also improve symptoms related to depression and anxiety by inhibiting monoamine oxidase activity and protecting nerves from damage. This study is expected to provide research ideas and the theoretical basis for further exploring the material basis and mechanism of NRER-AH in the treatment of PVCs.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 263-274, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929087

ABSTRACT

Protein O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modification that links environmental stimuli with changes in intracellular signal pathways, and its disturbance has been found in neurodegenerative diseases and metabolic disorders. However, its role in the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system, especially in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), needs to be elucidated. Here, we found that injection of Thiamet G, an O-GlcNAcase (OGA) inhibitor, in the VTA and nucleus accumbens (NAc) of mice, facilitated neuronal O-GlcNAcylation and decreased the operant response to sucrose as well as the latency to fall in rotarod test. Mice with DAergic neuron-specific knockout of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) displayed severe metabolic abnormalities and died within 4-8 weeks after birth. Furthermore, mice specifically overexpressing OGT in DAergic neurons in the VTA had learning defects in the operant response to sucrose, and impaired motor learning in the rotarod test. Instead, overexpression of OGT in GABAergic neurons in the VTA had no effect on these behaviors. These results suggest that protein O-GlcNAcylation of DAergic neurons in the VTA plays an important role in regulating the response to natural reward and motor learning in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dopaminergic Neurons/physiology , GABAergic Neurons/physiology , Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism , Reward , Ventral Tegmental Area/metabolism
15.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1555-1569, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922668

ABSTRACT

Quantitative evaluation of analgesic efficacy improves understanding of the antinociceptive mechanisms of new analgesics and provides important guidance for their development. Lappaconitine (LA), a potent analgesic drug extracted from the root of natural Aconitum species, has been clinically used for years because of its effective analgesic and non-addictive properties. However, being limited to ethological experiments, previous studies have mainly investigated the analgesic effect of LA at the behavioral level, and the associated antinociceptive mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, electrocorticogram (ECoG) technology was used to investigate the analgesic effects of two homologous derivatives of LA, Lappaconitine hydrobromide (LAH) and Lappaconitine trifluoroacetate (LAF), on Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to nociceptive laser stimuli, and to further explore their antinociceptive mechanisms. We found that both LAH and LAF were effective in reducing pain, as manifested in the remarkable reduction of nocifensive behaviors and laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) amplitudes (N2 and P2 waves, and gamma-band oscillations), and significantly prolonged latencies of the LEP-N2/P2. These changes in LEPs reflect the similar antinociceptive mechanism of LAF and LAH, i.e., inhibition of the fast signaling pathways. In addition, there were no changes in the auditory-evoked potential (AEP-N1 component) before and after LAF or LAH treatment, suggesting that neither drug had a central anesthetic effect. Importantly, compared with LAH, LAF was superior in its effects on the magnitudes of gamma-band oscillations and the resting-state spectra, which may be associated with their differences in the octanol/water partition coefficient, degree of dissociation, toxicity, and glycine receptor regulation. Altogether, jointly applying nociceptive laser stimuli and ECoG recordings in rats, we provide solid neural evidence for the analgesic efficacy and antinociceptive mechanisms of derivatives of LA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aconitine/pharmacology , Analgesics/pharmacology , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1825-1830, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the predictive value of newly diagnosed IgG levels in the recurrence of IgG-type multiple myeloma (MM) patients after initial treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical and pathological data of 91 patients newly diagnosed IgG-type MM who were hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of the Second People's Hospital of Yichang and Department of Oncology of The Affiliated Hospital of Jianghan University from April 2010 to March 2019 were collected. According to the median IgG level at the time of initial diagnosis, patients were divided into high IgG group and low IgG group. The recurrence time after initial treatment was followed up, and the correlation between newly diagnosed IgG level and recurrence was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis, as well as the influencing factors of IgG levels in order to predict furtherly the potential mechanism of recurrence.@*RESULTS@#Univariate survival analysis showed that high revised international staging system (R-ISS) staging, high level of bone marrow plasma cell (BMPC), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatinine, β@*CONCLUSION@#The higher the serum IgG concentration of IgG-type MM patients at first diagnosis, the earlier the recurrence, which is related to the low level of serum albumin, and can be used as a potential recurrence predictor after complete remission of IgG-type MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunoglobulin G , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Transplantation, Autologous
17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 187-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985207

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the feasibility of the rbcL sequence of chloroplast DNA as a genetic marker to identify Cannabis sativa L. Methods The rbcL sequences in 62 Cannabis sativa L. samples, 10 Humulus lupulus samples and 10 Humulus scandens DNA samples were detected, and 96 rbcL sequences of the Cannabaceae family were downloaded from Genbank. Sequence alignment was performed by MEGA X software, the intraspecific and interspecific Kimura-2-Parameter (K2P) genetic distances were calculated, and the system clustering tree was constructed. Results The rbcL sequence length acquired by sequencing of Cannabis sativa L. and Humulus scandens were 617 bp and 649 bp, respectively, and two haplotypes of Cannabis sativa L. were observed in the samples. The BLAST similarity search results showed that the highest similarity between the sequences acquired by sequencing and Cannabis sativa L. rbcL sequences available from Genbank was 100%. The genetic distance analysis showed that the maximum intraspecific genetic distance (0.004 9) of Cannabis sativa L. was less than the minimum interspecific genetic distance (0.012 9). The results of median-joining network and system clustering tree analysis showed that Cannabis sativa L. and other members of the Cannabaceae family were located in different branches. Conclusion The rbcL sequence could be used as a DNA barcode for identifying Cannabis sativa L., and combined with comparative analysis of the rbcL sequence and system cluster analysis could be a reliable and effective detection method for Cannabis sativa L. identification in forensic investigation.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/genetics , Genetic Markers , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 358-365, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985225

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the genetic polymorphism of whole mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes in She population in Zhejiang and to explore the maternal genetic structure of the She population. Methods Whole mtDNA genomes of 231 unrelated individuals from She population in Zhejiang Province were sequenced. The number of mutations and population genetics parameters such as, the haplotype diversity (HD), discrimination power (DP), and random match probabilities (RMP) were analyzed. The mtDNA haplogroups of Zhejiang She population were classified, and the maternal genetic relationships between She and nine other Chinese populations were estimated. Results In 231 Zhejiang She samples, 8 507 mutations (702 types) were observed and the samples were classified into 94 haplogroups. The HD, DP and RMP values were 0.998 6, 0.994 2 and 0.005 8, respectively. The lowest genetic differentiation degree (Fst=0.006 89) was detected between Zhejiang She population and southern Han population. Principal component analysis (PCA) and median-joining network analysis showed that the genetic distance of Zhejiang She population with Guangxi Yao, Yunnan Dai and Southern Han populations was relatively close, but the population still had some unique genetic characteristics. Conclusion The whole mtDNA genomes are highly polymorphic in Zhejiang She population. The Zhejiang She population contains complex and diverse genetic components and has a relatively close maternal genetic relationship with Guangxi Yao, Yunnan Dai and Southern Han populations. Meanwhile, Zhejiang She population has kept its unique maternal genetic components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People/genetics , China , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Ethnicity/genetics , Genetics, Population , Haplotypes , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Polymorphism, Genetic
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1555-1569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951942

ABSTRACT

Quantitative evaluation of analgesic efficacy improves understanding of the antinociceptive mechanisms of new analgesics and provides important guidance for their development. Lappaconitine (LA), a potent analgesic drug extracted from the root of natural Aconitum species, has been clinically used for years because of its effective analgesic and non-addictive properties. However, being limited to ethological experiments, previous studies have mainly investigated the analgesic effect of LA at the behavioral level, and the associated antinociceptive mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, electrocorticogram (ECoG) technology was used to investigate the analgesic effects of two homologous derivatives of LA, Lappaconitine hydrobromide (LAH) and Lappaconitine trifluoroacetate (LAF), on Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to nociceptive laser stimuli, and to further explore their antinociceptive mechanisms. We found that both LAH and LAF were effective in reducing pain, as manifested in the remarkable reduction of nocifensive behaviors and laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) amplitudes (N2 and P2 waves, and gamma-band oscillations), and significantly prolonged latencies of the LEP-N2/P2. These changes in LEPs reflect the similar antinociceptive mechanism of LAF and LAH, i.e., inhibition of the fast signaling pathways. In addition, there were no changes in the auditory-evoked potential (AEP-N1 component) before and after LAF or LAH treatment, suggesting that neither drug had a central anesthetic effect. Importantly, compared with LAH, LAF was superior in its effects on the magnitudes of gamma-band oscillations and the resting-state spectra, which may be associated with their differences in the octanol/water partition coefficient, degree of dissociation, toxicity, and glycine receptor regulation. Altogether, jointly applying nociceptive laser stimuli and ECoG recordings in rats, we provide solid neural evidence for the analgesic efficacy and antinociceptive mechanisms of derivatives of LA.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 49-53, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) on renal function in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study. Consecutive patients with severe aortic valve stenosis and received TAVR in Zhongshan Hospital from December 2014 to December 2019 were included. The patients were divided into four groups according to the estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measured at one day before TAVR, namely eGFR>90 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group, 60<eGFR≤90 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group, 30<eGFR≤60 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group and eGFR≤30 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group. The patients were also divided into acute renal function recovery (AKR) group, acute kidney injury (AKI) group and no change in renal function group according to renal function changes at 72 hours after TAVR. AKR was defined as eGFR increased by more than 25% of the baseline value at 72 hours after TAVR, and AKI was defined as eGFR decreased more than 25% of the baseline value at 72 hours after TAVR. The clinical data of each group were compared, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the determinants responsible for renal function changes after TAVR. Results: A total of 217 patients were enrolled in this study. The age was (76.7±7.4) years and there were 86 females. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was (9.5±5.8). The proportions achieved AKR after TAVR were 0, 30.2% (35/116), 58.6% (41/70) and 75.0% (9/12) respectively in eGFR>90 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group, 60<eGFR≤90 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group, 30<eGFR≤60 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group and eGFR≤30 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group. A total of 3 patients (1.4%) suffered AKI, including 2 patients in 30<eGFR≤60 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group and 1 patient in 60<eGFR≤90 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group. The incidence of AKI in eGFR<60 ml·min-1·1.73m-2 group was 2.4% (2/82). Among the 217 patients, AKR occurred in 85(39.2%) patients, 3(1.4%) experienced AKI and renal function remained unchanged in 129 (59.4%) patients post TAVR. Body mass index (BMI), left ventricular end diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and preoperative eGFR were statistically different between the 3 groups (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (OR=5.54, 95%CI 1.04-29.58, P=0.045), preoperative LVEDD (OR=1.22, 95%CI 1.09-1.38, P=0.001) and preoperative eGFR (OR=2.23, 95%CI 2.04-2.55, P=0.004) were associated with non-AKR post TAVR. Conclusions: After TAVR, most patients show no change or improvement of renal function. BMI, preoperative LVEDD and eGFR are related to renal function change after TAVR.

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