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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928064

ABSTRACT

This study explored the anticoagulant material basis and mechanism of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel based on spectrum-effect relationship-integrated molecular docking. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel were established. Prothrombin time(PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT) in mice in the low-and high-dose(5, 30 g·kg~(-1), respectively) Trichosanthis Semen, the shell, and kernel groups were determined as the coagulation markers. The spectrum-effect relationship and anticoagulant material basis of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel were analyzed with mean value calculation method of Deng's correlation degree(MATLAB) and the common effective component cluster was obtained. Then the common targets of the component cluster and coagulation were retrieved from TCMSP, Swiss-TargetPrediction, GenCLiP3, GeneCards, and DAVID, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. The main anticoagulant molecular mechanism of the component cluster was verified by SYBYL-X 2.1.1. The spectrum-effect relationship of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel was in positive correlation with the dosage. The contribution of each component to anticoagulation was not the same, suggesting that the material basis for anticoagulation was different, but they have common effective components(i.e. common material basis), such as adenine(peak 3), uracil(peak 4), hypoxanthine(peak 6), xanthine(peak 9), and adenosine(peak 11). Network pharmacology showed that these components can act on multiple target proteins such as NOS3, KDR, and PTGS2, and exert anticoagulant effect through multiple pathways such as VEGF signaling pathway. They involved the biological functions such as proteolysis, cell component such as cytosol, and molecular functions. The results of molecular docking showed that the binding free energy of these components with NOS3(PDB ID: 1 D0 C), KDR(PDB ID: 5 AMN), and PTGS2(PDB ID: 4 COX) was ≤-5 kJ·mol~(-1), and the docking conformations were stable. Spectrum-effect relationship-integrated molecular docking can be used for the optimization, virtual screening, and verification of complex chemical and biological information of Chinese medicine. Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel have the common material basis for anticoagulation and they exert the anticoagulant through multiple targets and pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gene Ontology , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Semen
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1234-1240, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780210

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and rat ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) model was used to analyze the mechanism of cardiac protection by Trichosanthes. The animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College. Compounds were screened by TCMSP database and TCM Database@ Taiwan according to oral bioavailability (OB > 30%) and drug like activity (DL > 0.18). The PDBID value of the compound (Z'-score < 0.5) was obtained in DRAR-CPI database and converted into a target protein by UniProt database. Human genes of target proteins were identified using the term " myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury" as the keyword through the CoolGeN database. GOTERM_BP _ DIRECT enrichment analysis of target proteins related to MIRI and KEGG PATHWAY annotation analysis were performed using the DAVID database. The component-target protein-signal pathway network was constructed using Giphi0.9.2 software. The expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes (0.2, 1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) was analyzed by Western blot with compound Danshen (85.05 mg·kg-1) as a positive control. Network pharmacology found that 12 compounds, including schottenol in Trichosanthes, synergistically inhibit MIRI through multiple targets or biological pathways, involving target proteins such as extracellular regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2), c-jun-N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK1) and p38MAPK in MAPK signaling pathways. Western blot results showed that phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was dose-dependently up-regulated in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes, while the level of p38MAPK or JNK1 phosphorylation was down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the control group, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK protein showed significant difference in medium and high dose groups (1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). Therefore, Trichosanthes could play an anti-MIRI role by regulating phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK proteins in rats. In conclusion, the targets and pathways of Trichosanthes on anti-MIRI were revealed by network pharmacology and verified in rat MIRI model, providing the scientific basis for further study on the mechanism of Trichosanthes for cardiac protection.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 502-509, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780131

ABSTRACT

To screen the antithrombotic effective components group of Trichosanthes extract, and to verify its pharmacodynamics and analyze its mechanism, the HPLC fingerprint of Trichosanthes extract (0.09, 0.45, 0.9 g·kg-1) was established, and the pharmacodynamic indexes of antithrombosis in rats with aspirin (0.01 g·kg-1) as positive control group were determined (the animals used in this experiment were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College). The antithrombotic spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthes extract was studied and the effective antithrombotic ingredients group was screened by grey relational analysis. The monomer compound mixed solution (0.006, 0.03, 0.06 g·kg-1) was prepared according to the content of each component in the active component group, and the pharmacodynamics and action mechanism were studied to verify the correctness of the spectrum-effect relationship. The correlation between the 22 components of Trichosanthes extract and antithrombotic efficacy was different and showed dose-effect relationship. Cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine, and adenosine are the main antithrombotic components of Trichosanthes extract. The ratio of cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine and adenosine was 3∶12∶10∶5∶2∶8∶13∶14. Compared with the model group, the thrombus dry weight of each effective components group could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between each effective components group and the Trichosanthes extract group. Compared with the model group, the TXB2 content in group (0.06 g·kg-1, 0.03 g·kg-1) could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the content of 6-keto-PGF1α could be increased in each group (P<0.01), and the TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α tended to be normal and showed a dose-effect relationship. The effect was better than that in the Trichosanthes extract group (0.45 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). The effective ingredients group has a good antithrombotic effect, its mechanism is to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774509

ABSTRACT

To explore the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of Trichosanthis Fructus combined with aspirin based on network pharmacology and the validation of arteriovenous by pass model in rats. The databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP),Drug Repositioning and Adverse Drug Reaction Chemical-Protein Interactome(DRAR-CPI),Universal Protein Resource(Uniprot) and the Database for Annotation,Visualization,and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) were used to predict protein targets and analyze biological pathway and signal pathway in the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus with aspirin. The effects of pretreatment with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets,aspirin pellets and their combination on thromboxane B2(TXB2),6-keto prostaglandin F1α(6-keto-PGF1α) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate(c AMP) in rat thrombotic model were studied. Through the study of network pharmacology,12 components of aspirin and Trichosanthis Fructus,including hydroxygenkwanin,quercetin and adenosine,were found to show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms through9 common protein targets,such as SRC,RAC1,MAPK14,MAPK1,AKT1,and 14 common signaling pathways,such as VEGF signaling pathway. After the intervention with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets combined with aspirin pellets,the vascular endothslia growth factor(VEGF) signaling pathway can be activated to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function,and show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms,which verify the results of the network pharmacology,and explain the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus pellets with aspirin pellets.


Subject(s)
6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha , Metabolism , Animals , Aspirin , Pharmacology , Cyclic AMP , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Rats , Signal Transduction , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy , Thromboxane B2 , Metabolism , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1406-1413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780014

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to explore the anti heart failure mechanisms of the compatibility of Gualou with Xiebai based on network pharmacology in rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Using the databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Database@Taiwan (TCM Database@Taiwan), Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), Drug Repositioning and Adverse Drug Reaction Chemical-Protein Interactome (DRAR-CPI) and Universal Protein Resource (Uniprot) to screen compounds and predict the target of active components, the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) database, we predicted the biological pathway and signal pathway in the compatibility of Gualou with Xiebai. The effects of Gualou Xiebai dropping pills on the apoptosis of myocardial cells and the expression of protein kinase B (Akt), p-Akt and cysteine aspartate-specific proteinase (caspase-3) protein were examined in the related signal pathway phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Twenty two compounds, such as 10 α-cucurbita-5,24-diene-3β-ol and macrostemonoside were found to protect rats from heart failure through multiple targets, multiple biological pathways and multiple pathways, involving biological pathways such as hormone stimulation reaction, phosphorylation, apoptosis regulation, and signaling pathways such as insulin, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), cell apoptosis and so on. After the intervention of Gualou Xiebai dropping pills, the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway was activated to promote the phosphorylation of Akt protein, reduce the expression of caspase-3 protein, inhibit apoptosis and protect the myocardium. The data verify the results of the network pharmacology, and explain the mechanisms of anti-heart failure activity of combination of Gualou with Xiebai.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690701

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different data standardization methods on the spectrum-effect relationship for anticoagulant effect of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills. The spectrum-effect relationship was studied by using grey correlation degree method between three doses of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and prothrombintime (PT) in mice. The effect of 10 data standardization methods, namely minimization method, maximum method, data extreme difference method, standard deviation standardization method, initialization transformation method, mean transformation method, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the total peak area, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the common peak area, logarithmic standardization method and tangent normalization method on the spectrum-effect relationship between Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and PT in mice was evaluated by using relative correlation degree as the index. The results of spectrum-effect relationship can be expressed by the minimization method, the data extreme difference method, the standard deviation standardization method, the initialization method and the mean transformation method, with highest relative correlation degree by the mean transformation method. As compared with the mean transformation method, there were significant differences between the high dose group and the medium dose group in the minimization method and the data extreme difference method (<0.01), while the minimization method in the low dose group showed statistical significance (<0.05). The standard deviation standardization method, initialization method and the mean transformation method can be used to study the spectrum-effect relationship for the anticoagulation of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690687

ABSTRACT

Over the past 30 years, the chromatographic fingerprint technology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been developed from academic discussion to application for the research and development of TCM which has promoted the technological innovation of Chinese medicine industry and the progress of quality standard of TCM. The similarity evaluation method of chromatographic fingerprint of TCM has played a key role in this process. According to the number of literature and research tendency in terms of the chromatographic fingerprint in the last 30 years, the chromatographic fingerprint evaluation could be divided into three stages: the direct comparison stage (1988-1999), similarity evaluation stage (2000-2009) and the similarity evaluation development stage (2010-2017). In this paper, the research progress of chromatographic fingerprints similarity evaluation of TCM in the last 30 years and its prospect were discussed, which may lead to a more mature stage for this method.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776418

ABSTRACT

To investigate the spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces for rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. HPLC fingerprints of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were established, and the values of creatinekinase-MB (CK-MB), myoglobin (MYO) and cardiac troponin-T (cTNT) in 3 dose groups (2.25, 13.5, 27.0 g·kg⁻¹, equivalent to the crude herb g·kg⁻¹) of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats were measured, and the grey relational analysis was used to study the spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces for rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. With the dosage increase from 2.25 g·kg⁻¹ to 27.0 g·kg⁻¹, the correlation degree of spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces was also enhanced, but the change trend was different between these two groups. According to the frequency of the top 10 peaks in the correlation degree, peak 17, 14, 16, 19, 32, 12, 26, 30, 4, 6 and 2 were the basic effective substances group of Trichosanthis Fructus, peak 6,14,12,32,30,4 and 6 were the basic effective substances group of Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces. Peak 6, 14, 12, 32, 30, 4 and 26 in fingerprints of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were the main common pharmacodynamic substance base, among them, peak 6 was 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, peak 14 was vanillic acid and the peak 28 was rutin, but the correlation degree with the efficacy was different. The effect of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces on rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury was due to the synergistic effect of the effective substance groups related to the dosage. The essential pharmacodynamic substance groups of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were different, but they shared a common active ingredient group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Cucurbitaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Myoglobin , Blood , Rats , Troponin T , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of rice wine on the metabolism of 3, 29-dibenzoyl karounitriol as the main active component in Gualou-Xiebai in human intestinal flora, exploring the scientific connotation of Gualou-XiebaiBaijiu Decoction from the angle of metabolism. METHODS: The metabolic rate of 3, 29-dibenzoyl karounitriol in Gualou-Xiebai rice wine solution and aqueous solution at different time points were compared,respectively,by intestinal flora experiments. RESULTS: Compared to Gualou-Xiebaiaqueous solution group, the metabolic rate of 3, 29-dibenzoyl karounitriol in Gualou-Xiebai rice wine solution group decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Rice wine as cites drug can inhibit the metabolism of 3, 29-dibenzoyl karounitriol in Gualou-Xiebai.

10.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 124-129, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents of different solvent extracts from Fructus Trichosanthis, and to study their antioxidant activity and protection of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. METHODS: The chemical constituents in different solvent extracts were determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Myocardial ischemia reperfusion model was made by ligation of left coronary artery in rats. Rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, with 6 rats in each group. The sham operation group and the model groups were respectively given normal saline, Fructus Trichosanthis (equivalent to crude drug 22.5 g·kg-1), compound Danshen dripping pill group(0.085 g·kg-1). Medicines were given once a day for 7 d. After the last drug 1 h, left coronary artery was ligated for 30 min and then reperfusion was established for 120 min by removing the ligation. During this time, ECG was recorded. At the end, animals were euthanized. Blood was collected to evaluate the contents of CK-MB, MYO-MB, cTnT. The heart was removed and fixed to observe the changes of myocardial tissue by optical microscope. RESULTS: Compared with the water extract group and the alcohol extract group of Fructus Trichosanthis, the total amino acids content of Fructus Trichosanthis dichloromethane extract was not detected, but the content of total flavonoids is higher (P < 0.01). Compared with the water extraction liquid of Fructus Trichosanthis, the antioxidant properties on DPPH radical of Fructus Trichosanthis dichloromethane extract group is lower (P < 0.01), and the antioxidant activity on-OH free radical of the alcohol extract of Fructus Trichosanthis group is lower (P < 0.01). Compared with model group, the elevation of ST segment of electrocardiogram was significantly suppressed in each group during reperfusion (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). The plasma CK-MB, cTnT and MYO-MB in water extract group were significant lowered (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The extraction of Fructus Trichosanthis is able to decrease the production of oxidants. The water extract of Fructus Trichosanthis could ameliorate myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury.

11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 597-601, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858765

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical fingerprint features and the quantitative analysis of 6 components of Fructus Trichosanthis and its steamed products. METHODS: The chemical fingerprints were established by HPLC with 10 batches of Fructus Trichosanthis and their steamed products, and the contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, vanillic acid, rutin, isoquercitrin, quercetin and luteolin in Fructus Trichosanthis and their steamed products were quantitatively analyzed. The similarity of Fructus Trichosanthis and its steamed products was calculated by the correlation coefficient method and the included angle cosine method, and the contents of 6 components were tested by means of calibration curve. RESULTS: The 10 batch of Fructus Trichosanthis similarity was from 0.82 to 0.86, and the 10 batch of Fructus Trichosanthis steamed products similarity was from 0.97 to 0.98, there was significant difference between the two (P < 0.01). Compared with Fructus Trichosanthis, the contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, vanillic acid, quercetin and luteolin content in steamed products showed significant changes (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Before and after Fructus Trichosanthis steamed, the change of fingerprint feature and changes of the component content provide experimental basis for further studies of Fructus Trichosanthis and its steamed products.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845398

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the similarity of chemical fingerprints of different proportion of Gualoupi-Gualouzi and Fructus Trichosanthis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for the reasonable proportion of Gualoupi-Gualouzi. Methods The HPLC fingerprints and the common patterns of 6 the proportion of the 6 kinds of compatibility (30∶70, 35∶65, 40∶60, 45∶55, 50∶50 and 55∶ 45) of Gualoupi-Gualouzi and Fructus Trichosanthis were established, and the similarity of chemical fingerprints of different compatibility proportion of Gualoupi-Gualouzi and Fructus Trichosanthis between their common patterns were compared. Results Compared with the common pattern of Fructus Trichosanthis, the similarities of the common patterns of chemical fingerprints of the above 6 kinds of compatibility proportion of Gualoupi-Gualouzi were 0.8808±0.0407, 0.8930±0.0236, 0.8995±0.0195, 0.9033±0.0190, 0.9363± 0.0082 and 0.8904±0.0144, respectively. Among them, Gualoupi-Gualouzi ratio of 50∶50 had the highest similarity, and compared with other groups, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion The optimum proportion of Gualoupi- Gualouzi can be determined by the fingerprint technology, which provides the theoretical basis for the reasonable proportion of Gualou⁃pi-Gualouzi.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693349

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the chemical components in Fructus Trichosanthes before and after the pro?cessing of steaming,so as to explore the material basis of the pharmacodynamic changes between Trichosanthes and steamed Tricho-santhes.Methods The peaks matching data of Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes were obtained by using the similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprints of traditional Chinese materia medica.The principal component analysis (PCA)model and the partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA)model for the analysis of the Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes data were established using the SIMCA-P 11 statistical software for PCA and PLS-DA,from which the score chart,load chart and Variable Importance(VIP)value were obtained,so as to identify the main different components in Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes.Results The PCA(R2X=0.96,Q2=0.552)model and PLS-DA(R2Y=0.917,Q2=0.579)model were established,and 8 chromatographic peaks with significant difference in peak area were selected.Among them,two of the chromatographic peaks were assigned to be 5-hydroxy methyl furfural and vanilla acid,and 5-hydroxy methyl furfural had the largest VIP value.In addition,an unknown component was also found in the steamed Fructus Trichosanthes,which was generated in the process of steaming and needed to be identified in future studies.Conclusion The content of some chemical components in Fruc?tus Trichosanthes were changed after the process of steaming,and the processing of steaming also caused the formation of an unknown chemical component.5-Hydroxy methyl furfural and vanillic acid seem to be a likely choice for exploring the material basis of the phar?macodynamic changes in Fructus Trichosanthes after the processing of steaming.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693334

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the change in infrared(IR)spectral information and to screen out the classification of major compounds affecting information difference in IR spectra of Trichosanthes before and after steaming. Methods The similarity between the original IR fingerprint and the first derivative IR fingerprint of Trichosanthes and their steamed products was calculated by using the Computer Aided Similarity Evaluation System. The principal component analysis(PCA)model and the partial least squares dis-criminant analysis(PLS-DA)model of IR spectral data of Trichosanthes before and after steaming were established by using SIMCA-P 11 statistical software for PCA and PLS-DA,and the classification of major compounds affecting information difference in IR spectra of Trichosanthes before and after steaming was selected by 3D scatter plot,load 3D scatter plot and variable important in project(VIP) value. Results The similarity between the original IR fingerprint and first derivative IR fingerprint of Trichosanthes and their steamed products were 0.9165 and 0.2832. Seven VIP>1 spectral peaks were screened out by using SIMCA-P 11 statistical software,of which,the absorption peak of 1456 cm-1 was νc=c,the absorption peak of 1726 cm-1 was νc=o and the VIP values were 1.6290 and 1.4256 respectively. Conclusion The categories of compounds of Trichosanthes before and after steaming did not change,but the chemical components changed. Compounds of Trichosanthes before and after steaming affect the difference in IR spectral information may mainly contain C=C-C=C or C=O or both of them.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845591

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether evolving window orthogonal projection analytical method can be used in the chromatographic peaks matching between traditional Chinese medicine preparation and its medicinal ingredients in prescription. Methods The fingerprints of Gualou Xiebai Baijiu Decoction and the herbs (Gualou and Xiebai) in its prescription were established by using high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDAD), and the HPLC peaks in fingerprints of Gualou Xiebai Baijiu Decoction and the herbs in its prescription were matched according to the principle of evolving window orthogonal projection analytical method. Results Evolving window orthogonal projection analytical method could match the chromatogram peaks well between different fingerprints of Gualou Xiebai Baijiu Decoction and the herbs in its prescription. There were 20 common peaks between the ethyl acetate extraction of Gualou Xiebai Baijiu Decoction and Gualou, and 9 common peaks between the n-butanol extraction of Gualou Xiebai Baijiu Decoction and Xiebai. Conclusion Evolving window orthogonal projection analytical method can be used in the chromatographic peaks matching between traditional Chinese medicine preparation and its medicinal ingredients in prescription.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845558

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the in situ intestinal absorption behaviors of 3, 29- dibenzoyl- karounitriol (DK) in Gualou- Xiebai (GX) extract in rats. Methods A rat in situ single-pass perfusion model was used and the concentrations of the perfusate were determined by HPLC-PDAD to investigate the intestinal absorption site and mechanism. Results The main absorption site of DK in GX extract was jejunum, ileum and colon, and the absorption had no significant difference in the three different segments of rat intestine (P>0.05), but was significantly higher than that in duodenum (P0.05). Conclusion DK in GX extract could be absorbed in whole intestinal segment, with the best intestinal absorption site of jejunum, ileum and colon. Its absorbing mechanism may be related to passive diffusion.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845522

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether the basic principle of Fisher component analysis(FCA) can be used in the category analysis of Fructus Trichosanthis fruit and its processed products. Methods: Their fingerprints were established by using HPLC-PDAD, and the standard fingerprints of them were obtained by digitizing with quercetin as the internal reference peak. Then, their chemical fingerprint information was extracted by FCA and classified by quality model, and the classification results were compared with those classified by principal component analysis and standard atlas analysis. Results: Fructus Trichosanthis and its processed products can be accurately divided into two categories by FCA. Conclusion: FCA can extract the implied chemical information in fingerprints, and analyze them accurately.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845481

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the protective effects of Gualou Xiebai dropping pills(GX) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury(MIR.I) in rats. Methods After screening the qualified SPF rats were randomly divided into four groups, with 12 in each group. Sham-operated group and model group rats were respectively treated with normal saline, and rats in GX group and compound Danshen dropping pills group were given the corresponding dropping pills equivalent to 22.5 g/kg and 85.05 mg/kg of the crude herb, respectively. All groups were administered once a day for 7 successive days. One hour after the last administration, the MIRI models were produced by occluding the left coronary artery for 30 min and releasing the occlusion for 120 min. The changes in ST segment were observed, and the contents of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac troponin-T (CTNT) and myoglobin (MYO) in blood plasma were measured. The pathological changes in myocardial tissues were observed by optics and electric-microscope and the percentage of myocardial infarction was measured by detecting the content of Evan blue in myocardium. Results Compared to normal saline in the model group, GX had antagonism to ECG S-T segments elevation in rats with myocardial ischemia, while the contents of CK-MB, MYO, and CTNT in blood plasma declined significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the disorder condition of myocardial cell fiber arrangement was improved, and edema between myocardial tissue and cells was relieved; the inflammatory cell infiltration and myocardial necrosis in cardiac allograft were significantly alleviated, and the percentage of myocardial infarction was decreased significantly (P< 0.01). Conclusion GX may play an important protective role against the MIRI in rats.

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