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1.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2011; 32 (11): 1193-1195
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-114303

ABSTRACT

Hemangiopericytoma [HPC] is a rare tumor originated from the vascular pericytes, and it is uncommon in the breast. Only 2 cases of HPC in the male breast have been reported in the literature. This report presents a case of a 24-year-old man with a mass in his right breast. Under local anesthesia, the tumor was excised and diagnosed as 'malignant tumor of the breast, perhaps originated from the vessel tissues' based on pathological examination. Finally, a modified radical mastectomy and an axilla fossa sampling were performed, and 4 lymph nodes showed symptoms of reactive hyperplasia. We followed the patient without any treatment and no local recurrence or metastasis has been observed. We also review the literature and discuss the characteristics, immunophenotype, and prognosis of HPC. The accurate diagnosis of HPC depends on the appropriate histological and immunohistochemical examination

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266335

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the difference in tumor biological behaviors and prognosis between recurrent colon cancer and recurrent rectal cancer after radical operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Complete clinical and follow-up data of 132 patients with colorectal cancer developed recurrence,including 36 colon cancers and 96 rectal cancers, after curative resection were retrospectively analyzed and compared with respect of clinical pathological features and prognosis between colon and rectal cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant differences were found in primary tumor gross type, histological type, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis between colon and rectal cancer(P<0.05). Colon cancer recurred earlier than rectal cancer after radical surgery with the median time to recurrence being 14.0 months and 21.5 months, respectively(P=0.028). The difference in multiple sites recurrence was also found between colon(n=16, 44.4%) and rectal cancer(n=65, 67.7%)(P=0.014). The 3-year survival rate of recurrent rectal cancer was better than that of colon cancer (24.8% vs 15.6%, P=0.026).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are some differences in tumor biological behaviors between colon and rectal cancer, and the prognosis of rectal cancer with recurrence is better than that of colon cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-840976

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still a great challenge in clinical practice. Tumor markers such as alpha-fetoprotein(AFP), liver enmymes, cytokines, and some special glycoproteins, though helpful, are not sensitive and specific enough for early diagnosis of HCC. The establishment of several interesting predictive diagnostic models on liver fibrosis/cirrhosis suggests that mathematic predictive model, which is developed based on large sample size and follow up study, might be of higher sensitivity, specificity and feasibility in clinical application. Here we suggest that more attention should be paid to this kind of multi-parameter predictive diagnostic models clinically, so as to improve the early diagnosis of HCC in a more economical and feasible way.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 459-461, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342145

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the tumor markers of colorectal carcinoma and to investigate their expression in preoperative and postoperative serum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The distinct proteins in serum were detected in 87 cases of colorectal carcinoma, 68 cases of benign colorectal diseases and 56 healthy people by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). The distinct proteins in serum were detected in 87 cases of colorectal carcinoma pre-operation and within 15 days post operation with the same methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two proteins with mass-to-charge ratios of 5955 Da and 5972 Da were screened. Compared with benign colorectal diseases and healthy control, the expression of the two proteins was obviously up-regulated in colorectal carcinoma (P < 0.01). Compared with pre-operation, the expression on the 1(st) day post operation was obviously up-regulated (P < 0.01), and the expression decreased to pre-operative level on the 4(th) day post operation. The expression of the two proteins turned out to be a descendent tendency form the 4(th) to 15(th) day post operation, but did not reach the normal level as found in healthy control.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Two proteins with mass-to-charge ratios of 5955 Da and 5972 Da could be regarded as tumor markers in colorectal carcinoma, the expression may has some regularity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Colorectal Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Methods , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Care , Protein Array Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686394

ABSTRACT

Circulating nucleic acids (CNAs) are extracellular nucleic acids found in cell-free serum,plasma and other body fluids from healthy subjects as well as in patients. The ability to detect and quantitate specific DNA and RNA sequences has opened up the possibility of diagnosis and monitoring of diseases,especially in the field of cancer. Furthermore,in some recent studies it has been suggested a kind of non-coding RNA-microRNA (miRNA),also exist in cell-free serum and plasma,highlighting the field of using CNAs to diagnose cancer. As a novel tumor marker,tumor-specific circulating miRNAs holds great promise in early diagnosis of cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686121

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs(miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding RNAs,about 20 nucleotides in length.They play a pivotal role in the regulation of genes involved in diverse biology processes such as cell development,proliferation,differentiation and apoptosis by the translation repression or mRNA degradation.Recent evidence has suggested that miRNA alterations are involved in the initiation and progression of various human cancer including hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC),and miRNA-expression profiling of HCC has identified signatures associated with diagnosis,staging,progression and prognosis.As a novel molecular target,miRNAs holds great promise in diagnosis and biotherapy of HCC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680302

ABSTRACT

T polymorphism,was selected as putative promoter.The recombinant constructions containing-1328-+812 of TGF-?_1 gene and CAT reporter gene(phTGF2.14T,phTGF2.14C)were constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells with liposomal trans- fection method,then the transfected HepG2 cells were treated with IL-10(4 ng/ml),HGF(10 ng/ml)or IFN-?(20 ng/ml). Reporter gene activity was analyzed by ELISA.Results:Reporter gene activity in cells transfected with phTGF2.14C was sig- nificantly higher than those transfected with phTGF2.14T(P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between hepatitis B virus(HBV)gene mutation at 1896 in precore region with genotype and replication of HBV and the liver function of patients.Methods:HBV precore 1896 site mutation,the genotype of HBV and serum content of HBV DNA were determined by PCR in 60 patients positive of HBV DNA.Chemiluminescence miacropaticle immunoassay(CMIA)was used for detection of serum HBeAg and HBeAb.Liver function parameters were ob- tained by routine biochemistry method.Results:The alanine aminotransferase(ALT)level in HBV with 1896 site mutation was significantly higher than that in the wildtype virus.Site mutation at 1896 had no correlation with HBeAg,HBV genotype and HBV DNA content.HBV DNA content in patient with genotype C was significantly higher than that with genotype B(P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680297

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)is still a great challenge in clinical practice.Tumor markers such as alpha-fetoprotein(AFP),liver enzymes,cytokines,and some special glycoproteins,though helpful,are not sensitive and specific enough for early diagnosis of HCC.The establishment of several interesting predictive diagnostic models on liver fi- brosis/cirrhosis suggests that mathematic predictive model,which is developed based on large sample size and follow-up study, might be of higher sensitivity,specificity and feasibility in clinical application.Here we suggest that more attention should be paid to this kind of multi-parameter predictive diagnostic models clinically,so as to improve the early diagnosis of HCC in a more economical and feasible way.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the routine clinical laboratory parameters for hepatocellular carcinoma,in an attempt to search for parameters for diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods:The pre-operation clinical labo- ratory data,such as tumor makers,and serological biochemical indices,hepatitis B virus(HBV)infection markers,and HBV DNA titers,were collected from 828 patients who were pathologically diagnosed as having HCC;then the correlation between these data with tumor size and the pathological grades of HCC was analyzed.Results:It was found that 97.9% of the 828 pa- tients were infected with HBV and 70.9% of them were accompanied by liver fibrosis.We also found that the tumor size was correlated with albumin(ALB),globulin(GLB),A/G,aspartate aminotransferase(AST),ratio of aspartate to alanine amin- otransferase(AST/ALT),gamma-glutamyl transferase(GGT),alkaline phosphatase(ALP),alpha-L-fucosidase(AFU),al- pha-fetoprotein(AFP)and tumor grades;meanwhile,the pathological grades of tumor was correlated to prealbumin(PALB), GGT and tumor size(all P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680295

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC),one of the most common malignant tumors,is the main cause of cancer death in China.Early diagnosis of the disease is of great importance.Serum tumor markers have been effective for detecting HCC for a long time.Among those markers,alpha fetoprotein(AFP)is the most widely used one in detecting patients with HCC,but it has limited utility for detecting HCC due to its limited sensitivity and specificity.Searching better markers for HCC has been a re- search focus in recent years.This review introduces many useful markers to supplement AFP for detecting HCC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679800

ABSTRACT

With the completion of human genome,we are entering the functional genomic age.To further reveal the nature of life,glycomics comes into being and becomes a research focus.This review gives a deep insight on the current research progress of glycomics,including the research target,the structural classification and metabolism of sugar chain,the biological significance,research approaches,and the correlation between glycomics and liver diseases.

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