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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909131

ABSTRACT

In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)pandemic,thousands of health care wor- kers (HCWs)worldwide infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2),some even have lost their lives.At the early stage of the epidemic,some Chinese HCWs were infected.Owing to limited knowledge of characteristics of SARS-CoV-2,more than 3,000 HCWs in Hubei Province contracted SARS-CoV-2 at the early stage of the outbreak.Due to overloaded work of HCWs in local hospitals,more than 42,000 HCWs (including HCWs from the military)were dispatched to Hubei Province from all over the country.At the peak of epidemic,one in 10 intensive care HCWs in China were working in Wuhan.During fighting against COVID-19 in China,although a certain number of HCWs were infected with SARS-CoV-2 at the early stages of the epidemic, effective prevention was achieved through timely adoption of prevention measures,including fast diagnosis,timely isolation of patients,strengthening of HCWs'safety,intensified training on basic protective knowledge and unified management of HCWs,there was no report about infection among the 42,632 members of the national medical teams sent to Hubei,and the number of COVID-19 cases among HCWs in local hospitals also significantly de- creased,thereby indicating that healthcare-associated infection (HAI)of COVID-19 among HCWs are fully pre- ventable.This paper explores how to prevent HCWs from contracting SARS-CoV-2 through effective measures during the epidemic in Wuhan,China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to construct endogenous exosomes abundantly loaded with miR-1 and investigate the role of exosome-mediated microRNA-1 (miR-1) delivery on CAL-27 cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#Exosomes secreted by miR-1-overexpressing HEK293 cells (miR1-EXO) were purified via ultracentrifugation and subjected to transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle analysis, Western blot analysis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). CAL-27 cells were cocultured with exosomes secreted by HEK293 cells (CON-EXO) and miR1-EXO and equivalent phosphate buffer saline. The intracellular transport of exosomes was measured by using immunofluorescence, the expression of miR-1 and its target gene MET were investigated via qPCR, CAL-27 cell proliferation was measured through MTT assay, and cell cycle state was determined by applying flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Electron microscopy revealed that miR1-EXO and CON-EXO were spherical or cup-shaped with an average diameter of approximately 110 nm. The well-known exosome markers CD9, Tsg101, and Alix were enriched. The expression of miR-1 in miR1-EXO was higher than that in CON-EXO (285.80±14.33 vs 1.00±0.06, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Exosomes secreted from miR1-EXO cells could load abundant miR-1. Exosomal miR-1 delivered into CAL-27 cells by using miR1-EXO suppressed the expression of MET mRNA and inhibited cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes , HEK293 Cells , Humans , MicroRNAs
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 666-671, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245029

ABSTRACT

In our previous work, we found that trivalent dimethylarsinous acid (DMA(III)) have high affinity binding to cysteine residue 13 of rat hemoglobin. However, it is still unknown why arsenic intermediate metabolite DMA(III) has high binding affinity for Cysl3 but not for other cysteine residues 93, 140, 111 and 125. In order to better understand the molecular mechanism of DMA(III) with rat hemoglobin, we have done current study. So, SD rats were divided into control and arsenic-treated groups randomly. Arsenic species in lysate of red blood cells were analyzed by HPLC-ICP-MS, and then determined by a hybrid quadrupole TOF MS. In addition, trivalent DMA(III) binds to different cysteine residues in rat hemoglobin alpha and beta chains were also simulated by Molecular Docking. Only Cys13 in alpha chain is able to bind to DMA(III) from the experiment results. Cys13 of alpha chain in rat hemoglobin is a specific binding site for DMA(III), and we found that amino acids compose pockets structure and surround Cys13 (but not other cysteine residues), make DMA(III) much easy to bind cysteine 13. Taken together, the DMA(III) specific binding to Cys13 is related to spatial structure of Cys13.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic , Metabolism , Binding Sites , Cacodylic Acid , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cysteine , Metabolism , Hemoglobins , Metabolism , Mass Spectrometry , Peptide Fragments , Metabolism , Rats
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343700

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) exposure during peri-implantation on the estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) expression in the uterus and serum level of estradiol (E(2)) in pregnant mice, and to explore the mechanism of embryotoxicity of CS(2).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Healthy female mice were exposed to a single dose of CS(2) (631.4 mg/kg) or olive oil (solvent control) on gestational day (GD)3, GD4, GD5, or GD6. At different time points after exposure, the serum E(2) levels of the pregnant mice were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression levels of ER-α in the uterus were measured by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the GD3, GD4, GD5, and GD6 exposure groups showed significantly decreased serum E(2) levels on day 7 of gestation (P < 0.05); the GD3 and GD5 exposure groups showed significantly decreased serum E(2) levels on day 6 of gestation (P < 0.05). The expression level of ER-α in the GD 4 exposure group was 23.6% lower than that in the control group on day 5 of gestation, and the expression level of ER-α in the GD 5 exposure group was 72.9% lower than that in the control group on day 6 of gestation (P < 0.05); the GD 3 and GD 6 exposure groups showed lower expression levels of ER-α than the control group at any time point, but no significant difference was found (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CS(2) exposure during peri-implantation can reduce the ER-α expression in the uterus and the serum level of E(2) in pregnant mice, which may be one of the mechanisms of embryotoxicity of CS(2).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Disulfide , Toxicity , Embryo Implantation , Estradiol , Blood , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred Strains , Pregnancy , Uterus , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes in pregnant mice exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2) in the implantation phase and to explore the mechanism of abnormal implantation induced by CS2 from the perspective of immune injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice were exposed to CS2 at different doses or at different time points in the implantation phase to establish model 1 and model 2. For model 1, mice were assigned to four groups to receive a single intraperitoneal injection of low-dose CS2 (0.1 LD50, 157.8 mg/kg), middle-dose CS2 (0.2 LD50, 315.7 mg/kg), and high-dose CS2 (0.4 LD50, 631.4 mg/kg) as well as an equal volume of olive oil (control) on gestational day (GD) 4. For model 2, mice were assigned to four groups to receive a single intraperitoneal injection of CS2 (0.4 LD50, 631.4 mg/kg) or an equal volume of olive oil (control) on GD3, GD4, GD5, and GD6. At the end, single cell suspension of splenic lymphocytes was prepared. Cell viability was measured by trypan blue staining, and the DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes was evaluated by alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The middle-dose and high-dose exposure groups showed significantly more DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes than the control group (P < 0.01); there was significant regression relationship between indicators of DNA damage and exposure doses (P < 0.01). The GD3, GD4, GD5, and GD 6 exposure groups showed significantly more DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes than the control group (P < 0.01), and the GD 4 exposure group had the most DNA damage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Exposure to CS2 in the implantation phase can induce DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes in pregnant mice, and the DNA damage was aggravated with the increase in CS2 concentration. GD4 may be the sensitive time point for DNA damage of splenic lymphocytes induced by CS2 in pregnant mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Disulfide , Toxicity , DNA Damage , Embryo Implantation , Female , Lymphocytes , Mice , Pregnancy , Spleen , Cell Biology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237273

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of connexin 43 (Cx43) in various stages of oral carcinogenesis and explore the relation between Cx43 and oral mucous carcinogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) was used for inducing oral carcinogenesis in SD rats. Tissue samples were obtained from various stages of the disease including normal oral mucosa, precancerous lesions and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical method was used to determine the expression of Cx43 in various stages of oral carcinogenesis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the normal rat lingual mucosa, immunohistochemical staining of Cx43 protein was mainly found in the cell membrane, weakly positive in the basal cell layer, increased in stratum spinosum and stratum granulosum, but was negative in the stratum corneum of normal epithelia. Compared with normal epithelia, was significantly decreased in dysplastic and cancerous oral epithelia the staining. The positive rates of Cx43 were respectively 100.00% (10/10), 85.71% (12/14), 66.67% (8/12), 40.00% (4/10), and 33.33% (4/12) in tongue carcinogenesis (in normal, mild, moderate and severe dysplasia, and squamous cell carcinoma tissues). The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expression level of Cx43 protein was dramatically decreased with the development of rat tongue carcinoma induced by 4NQO, suggesting that abnormal expression of Cx43 protein is involved in oral mucosa carcinogenesis. Decreased Cx43 expression is an early sign of oral mucosa carcinogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide , Toxicity , Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemistry , Connexin 43 , Genetics , Physiology , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tongue Neoplasms , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292457

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Xinjiang Uygur adults.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With cluster random sampling, investigations including questionnaire, physical examination and blood testing were performed among 3442 Uygur adults among in Kashgar of Xinjiang on November 2010. Prevalence of MS in groups with different characteristics were calculated and non-conditional logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of MS was 21.2% (728/3442), and the age-adjusted prevalence was 18.5%. The prevalence among males and females was 14.5% (245/1694) (age-adjusted prevalence 12.7%) and 27.6% (483/1748) (age-adjusted prevalence 24.4%) respectively (P < 0.05). The prevalence of MS among 18 to 24 years old and 65 years old and above were 4.3% (21/490) and 28.9% (109/377) respectively. The prevalence of MS increased with age (χ(2) = 204.13, P < 0.05). The prevalence of low blood HDL-C, central obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia and hyperglycemia was 57.5% (1978/3442), 44.5% (1531/3442), 27.5% (948/3442), 20.2% (696/3442) and 8.6% (297/3442) respectively. Compared to age group 18 - 24, the risk of MS occurrence was higher in age group 25 - 34, 35 - 44, 45 - 54, 55 - 64 and 65 years-old above, the according OR (95%CI) values were 2.29 (1.38 - 3.81), 6.91 (4.31 - 11.09), 10.81 (6.72 - 17.40), 12.52 (7.74 - 20.26) and 10.20 (6.20 - 16.78), respectively. Smoking also increased the risk of MS (OR = 2.35, 95%CI: 1.64 - 3.37).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of MS in Xinjiang Uygur was in high level; The prevalence of MS is higher in female than in male; The risk factors of MS included female, age and smoking.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome , Ethnology , Middle Aged , Minority Groups , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317842

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of some apoptosis regulators during the development in rat cochlea.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The morphological development process of cochlea was observed in Wistar rat aged between embryo day 13 to postnatal day 14 in this experiment. Survivin and caspase-3 were respectively detected at protein and mRNA levels by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of survivin and caspase-3 located in the bottom wall of the cochlear duct. Not only they widespread in the cell proliferation, but also they gradually enhanced in the cell differentiation. Both of them had a crest-time, and survivin was prior to caspase-3. In organ of corti during adult time, caspase-3 was not present and survivin was only expressed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the development of the rat cochlea, both of them had similar location and trend. But they were derangement. This showed that both of them participated in the cochlear morphological development. It was suggested that the interaction between survivin and caspase-3 regulated the apoptosis, promoted the cochlear morphological development.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cochlea , Embryology , Metabolism , Female , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270657

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the spread and antimicrobial susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 110 strains of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) were isolated from the clinical samples of patients in 4 hospitals and 30 strains of SA were isolated from the hospital environment and personnel in Xiangya Hospital. MRSA was detected using oxacillin disk diffusion test, cefoxitin disk diffusion test and MecA, FemA gene PCR assay. Beta-lactamase was detected using nitrocephin sticks. The antimicrobial susceptibility of MRSA was tested by K-B disk diffusion test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 140 strains, 89 were MRSA, accounting for 63.57% of the total SA. The isolation rates of MRSA in clinical strains and environment strains were 64.55% and 60.00% (P > 0.05). All MRSA strains were sensitive to vancomycin and linezolid, 87 MRSA strains (97.75%) were sensitive to teicoplanin, most of which, however, were resistant to other antibiotics. Among the 89 strains, 85 MRSA strains (95.51% ) expressed beta-lactamase.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MRSA is highly prevalent in hospitals. Most MRSA strains are multi-drug resistant, but are still sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, and teicoplanin.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Cross Infection , Microbiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Hospitalization , Humans , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Staphylococcal Infections , Microbiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 171-175, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anti-glioma activity of treatment by bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) transfected with AdCMV-tk containing HSV-tk gene in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary cultured BMSCs were obtained and transfected with HSV-tk (BMSCs/tk) and were injected into contralateral brain of glioma-bearing rats to observe their tropism for glioma cells. RT-PCR was performed to examine the transduct of tk gene after it was transduced into BMSCs. C6 glioma cells were co-cultured with BMSCs transfected with HSV-tk. MTT test was performed to examine its antitumor activity. BMSCs, after being transfected with HSV-tk, were injected into contralateral brain tissue of glioma-bearing rats to show their in vivo antitumor activity. Dynamic MRI was performed to monitor the development of intracranial glioma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Purified BMSCs were obtained by primary cultured bone marrow cells. After being transfected with HSV-TK, the cells still stably displayed extensive tropism for intracranial glioma and transcripted tk gene. RT-PCR showed that BMSCs/tk were transduced tk gene obviously at 21 days after AdCMV-tk transfection. BMSCs/tk showed a clear bystander effect after being co-cultured with C6 glioma cells in vitro. TUNEL assay showed that BMSCs/tk could obviously show bystander effect and induce apoptosis of glioma cells in vivo with an apoptosis positive ratio of 20.38% +/- 2.57%, showing a statistically significant difference in comparison with BMSCs group (2.56% +/- 0.52%, P = 0.023) and control group (2.74% +/- 0.38%, P = 0.025). Compared with the control group (21.40 +/- 1.63 days), BMSCs/tk transplantation significantly prolonged the survival time of glioma-bearing rats (52.60 +/- 13.11 days, P = 0.000). MRI detection showed that the least volume of intracranial glioma in BMSCs/tk group (8.28 +/- 2.64 mm3), significantly smaller than that in BMSCs group (134.51 +/- 16.37 mm3, P = 0.001) and control group (147.22 +/- 31.05 mm3, P = 0.001). Some of the intracranial gliomaa disappeared after transplantation of BMSCs/tk.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BMSCs transfected with AdCMV-tk may become an effective therapy method in the treatment for glioma.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Brain , Pathology , Bystander Effect , Cell Line, Tumor , Coculture Techniques , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Glioma , Pathology , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Simplexvirus , Stromal Cells , Cell Biology , Transplantation , Thymidine Kinase , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
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