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Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 231-238, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984114


OBJECTIVES@#To construct a Felis catus STR loci multiplex amplification system and to evaluate its application value by testing the technical performance.@*METHODS@#The published Felis catus STR loci data were reviewed and analyzed to select the STR loci and sex identification loci that could be used for Felis catus individual identification and genetic identification. The fluorescent labeling primers were designed to construct the multiplex amplification system. The system was validated for sensitivity, accuracy, balance, stability, species specificity, tissue identity and mixture analysis, and investigated the genetic polymorphisms in 145 unrelated Felis catus samples.@*RESULTS@#Sixteen Felis catus autosomal STR loci and one sex determining region of Y (SRY) were successfully selected, and constructed a multiplex amplification system containing the above loci. The complete profile of all alleles could still be obtained when the amount of DNA template was as low as 0.25 ng. There was no specific amplification peak in other common animal samples. Population genetic surveys showed that total discrimination power (TDP) of the 16 STR loci was 1-3.57×10-20, the cumulative probability of exclusion (CPE) was 1-6.35×10-5 and the cumulative probability of matching was 3.61×10-20.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Felis catus STR multiplex amplification system constructed in this study is highly sensitive, species-specific, and accurate in typing results, which can provide an effective solution for Felis catus species identification, individual identification and kinship identification in the field of forensic science.

Animals , Humans , Alleles , Cats/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Y , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , DNA Primers , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Genetic