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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873029

ABSTRACT

Objective:There were 92 kinds of compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, but there was no effective method to identify these compound preparations. Because Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix are similar in appearance, it is easy to be confused in application. The aim of this study was to set up a thin layer chromatography (TLC) to identify compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix and distinguish Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix in the forms of decoction pieces and standard decoction. Method:In this study, decoction pieces of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix were collected and separately prepared as standard decoction. TLC was used to qualitatively identify decoction pieces and standard decoction of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix, and compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix. In the TLC, the lower solution of chloroform-methanol-water (65∶35∶10) was selected as the developing agent and 10% sulfuric acid ethanol solution as the chromogenic agent. Result:The resolution of this TLC was good. Decoction pieces, standard decoction and preparations of Ophiopogonis Radix had the same characteristic strips, which were two bright white fluorescent strips under ultraviolet lamp (365 nm). But these two characteristic strips were not existed in the TLC of decoction pieces and standard decoction of Liriopes Radix. The corresponding components of both of these two strips were identified as mixture containing saponins by LC-MSn, including ophiopogonin Ra, Tb, ophiopogonin D', borneol glycoside, ophiopogonin C and Liriope muscari baily saponins C. Conclusion:The established TLC method, which has significant advantages such as high specificity and sensitivity, can be applied to the characteristic identification of decoction pieces and standard decoction of Ophiopogonis Radix, the identification of compound preparations containing Ophiopogonis Radix, and the distinction of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix, thus serving as an effective method to qualitatively identify Ophiopogonis Radix and its compound preparations.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230970

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine prescriptions are a type of medical documents written by doctors after they understand the patients' conditions for syndrome differentiation. Chinese medicine prescriptions are also the basis for pharmacy personnel to dispense medicines and guide patients to use drugs. It has the legal, technical and economic significances. Chinese medicine prescriptions contain such information of names, quantity and usage. Whether the names of drugs in Chinese medicine prescriptions are standardized or not is directly related to the safety and efficacy of the drugs. At present, nonstandard clinical prescriptions are frequently seen. With "Chinese medicine prescription", "names of drug in Chinese medicine prescription" and "standards of Chinese medicine prescription" as key words, the author searched CNKI, Wanfang and other databases, and consulted nearly 100 literatures, so as to summarize current names of drugs in traditional Chinese medicine prescription, analyze the reasons, and give suggestions, in the expectation of standardizing the names of drugs used in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 352-365, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308234

ABSTRACT

Knowledge Discovery in Databases is gaining attention and raising new hopes for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) researchers. It is a useful tool in understanding and deciphering TCM theories. Aiming for a better understanding of Chinese herbal property theory (CHPT), this paper performed an improved association rule learning to analyze semistructured text in the book entitled Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. The text was firstly annotated and transformed to well-structured multidimensional data. Subsequently, an Apriori algorithm was employed for producing association rules after the sensitivity analysis of parameters. From the confirmed 120 resulting rules that described the intrinsic relationships between herbal property (qi, flavor and their combinations) and herbal efficacy, two novel fundamental principles underlying CHPT were acquired and further elucidated: (1) the many-to-one mapping of herbal efficacy to herbal property; (2) the nonrandom overlap between the related efficacy of qi and flavor. This work provided an innovative knowledge about CHPT, which would be helpful for its modern research.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238594

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To define the effect of Curculiginis Rhizoma and its active ingredient orcinol glucoside on PXR-CYP3A of L02 cells in normal and deficiency-cold states, in order to lay a foundation for studies on the mechanism of efficacy expression differentiation of Curculiginis Rhizoma in different states.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Serums of normal and deficiency-cold rats were adopted to culture L02 cells and induce cells in normal and deficiency-cold states. After aqueous extracts from Curculiginis Rhizoma and its active ingredient orcinol glucoside were used in cells in different states, PXR protain expression and CYP3A activity of L02 cells in normal and deficiency-cold states were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>MTT results showed that aqueous extracts from Curculiginis Rhizoma and orcinol glucoside could significantly enhance viability of L02 cells. Aqueous extracts from Curculiginis Rhizoma could significantly reduce PXR protein expression of L02 cells in normal state, while orcinol glucoside could significantly reduce CYP3A activity and PXR protein expression of L02 cells in normal state. Meanwhile, aqueous extracts from Curculiginis Rhizoma could significantly increase CYP3A activity and PXR protein expression of L02 cells in deficiency-cold state, while orcinol glucoside could significantly reduce CYP3A activity and increase PXR protein expression of L02 cells in deficiency-cold state.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Curculiginis Rhizoma can activate PXR and induce CYP3A activity of L02 cells in deficiency-cold state, but with no effect or even counteraction on PXR and its induced CYP3A of L02 cells in normal state.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetics , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Male , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Steroid , Metabolism , Resorcinols , Pharmacology , Rubiaceae , Chemistry
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