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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on cognitive function, depression and anxiety in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment who were admitted to 3 hospitals in Shenzhen City between May 2017 and May 2020 were recruited and randomly assigned to the IDSA (218 cases), SCT (222 cases) and TSA groups (220 cases) according to a random number table. All the patients received conventional drug therapy for cerebral stroke and exercise rehabilitation training. Scalp acupuncture and computer-based cognitive training (CBCT) were performed simultaneously in the IDSA group, but separately in the morning and in the afternoon in the SCT group. The patients in the TSA group underwent scalp acupuncture only. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before treatment (M0), 1 (M1) and 2 months (M2) after treatment, as well as follow-up at 1 (M3) and 2 months (M4), the cognitive function of patients was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) Scales; depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and self-care ability of patients were assessed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI), respectively. During this trial, all adverse events (AEs) were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the MMSE, MoCA, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI, and MBI scores among the 3 groups at M0 (all P>0.05). In the IDSA group, the MMSE, MoCA and MBI scores from M2 to M4 were significantly higher than those in the SCT and TSA groups, while the HAMD, HAMA and PSQI scores were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). The changes of all above scores (M2-M0, M4-M0) were significantly superior to those in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01, except M4-M0 of HAMD). At M2, the severity of MMSE, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI and MBI in the IDSA group was significantly lower than that in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01). There was no serious AE during this trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IDSA can not only significantly improve cognitive function, but also reduce depression, anxiety, which finally improves the patient's self-care ability. The effect of IDSA was significantly better than SCT and TSA. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training and lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone for lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 154 patients with lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (76 cases, 6 cases dropped off) and a control group (78 cases, 8 cases dropped off). The patients in both groups were treated with conventional medication and exercise rehabilitation training. In addition, the patients in the observation group were treated with scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training. The scalp acupuncture was given at upper 1/5 of the anterior oblique line of parietal temporal area and upper 1/5 of the posterior oblique line of parietal temporal area. The patients in the control group were treated with lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone. All the treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week, totaling for 8 weeks. The affected-side lower-limb Brunnstrom stage and modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Berg balance scale (BBS) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups. The plantar pressure was measured by gait function evaluation system.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the Brunnstrom stage in the two groups was improved after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training could reduce the muscle tension of lower limbs, promote the separation movement mode of lower limbs, improve the plantar pressure distribution, and improve the balance ability and walking ability in stroke patients, and the curative effect is better than lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Feedback , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of interactive scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training for cognitive dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (218 cases, 18 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (220 cases, 20 cases dropped off) and a scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (222 cases, 22 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with routine medication and exercise rehabilitation training. The interactive scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture on the parietal midline, and contralateral anterior parietal temporal oblique line and posterior parietal temporal oblique line at the same time of cognitive training; the scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture alone, and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group was treated with scalp acupuncture and cognitive training in the morning and afternoon respectively. All the treatments were given once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale score was used to evaluate the cognitive function before treatment, 4 weeks and 8 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total score of MoCA was increased after 4-week treatment and 8-week treatment in the three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture could significantly improve the cognitive function in patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke, and the efficacy is superior to scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1122-1128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689518

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations in patients with BCR/ABL1 negative chronic myeloproliferative diseases(BCR/ABL1-CMPD)and to evaluate their diagnostic value.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and eight cases of BCR/ABL1-CMPD comprising of 146 cases of essential thrombocythemia(ET), 37 cases of polycythemia vera(PV)and 25 cases of primary myelofibrosis(PMF)from March 2012 to December 2015 were enrolled in the BCR/ABL1-CMPD, while 124 cases of secondary thrombocythemia and 73 cases of secondary polycythemia were enrolled in the control group. The genomic DNA and total RNA Were isolated from bone marrow or peripheral blood, then the exons 12 to 20 of JAK2 gene, exon 10 of MPL gene and exons 3 to 9 of CALR gene were analyzed by using DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>among 146 ET patients, the JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were found in: 138 cases(94.5%)including 86 cases with JAK2V617F mutation(58.9%)and 2 cases(1.4%)with exon 12 of JAK2 mutations. CALR mutations were detected in 41 cases(28.1%), among them type 1(c.1092_1143del)in 22 cases, type 2(c.1154_1155insTTGTC)in 11 cases, and type 5(c. 1091_1142del), type 8(c.1104_1137del), type 41(c.1107_1137del), type 42(c.1125_1125del)in one case respectively. In addition, 4 cases were detected withother mutations of the CALR gene(c.1107_1115del, c.1111_1144 del, c.1101 A>C, c.1112_1117del). Moreover, 9 cases harbored MPL mutations(6.2%). Secondly, 31 patients were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(83.8%)in 37 cases of PV, and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were found in 2 cases(5.4%). Besides, CALR mutations were detected in 2 cases(5.4%), including 1 case of type I, the other of novel mutation of CALR. Thirdly, 19 in 25 cases of PMF were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(76%), 2 cases with CALR mutations(8%). 4 patients(16%), JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were not detected, but among them 3 cases were found harboring other genetic abnormalities. Fourthly, no mutations of JAK2, MPL and CALR genes were detected in 124 patients with secondary thrombocytosis and 73 cases with secondary polycythemia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined detection of JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations can cover the vast majority of patients with BCR/ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. For higher frequencies of the mutations of CALR in ET patients, CALR mutation can be used as a new diagnostic marker in ET patients with JAK2 and MPL wild type.</p>


Subject(s)
Calreticulin , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Polycythemia Vera , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Thrombocythemia, Essential
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773560

ABSTRACT

Shenshao Tablet (SST), prepared from Paeoniae Radix Alba (PRA) and total ginsenoside of Ginseng Stems and Leaves (GSL), is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation prescribed to treat coronary heart disease. However, its chemical composition and the components that can migrate into blood potentially exerting the therapeutic effects have rarely been elucidated. We developed an HPLC/DAD/ESI-MS approach aiming to comprehensively profile and identify both the chemical components of SST and its absorbed ingredients (and metabolites) in rat plasma and urine. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent Eclipse XDB C column using acetonitrile/0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. MS detection was conducted in both negative and positive ESI modes to yield more structure information. Comparison with reference compounds (t, MS), interpretation of the fragmentation pathways, and searching of in-house database, were utilized for more reliable structure elucidation. A total of 82 components, including 21 monoterpene glycosides, four galloyl glucoses, two phenols from PRA, and 55 ginsenosides from GSL, were identified or tentatively characterized from the 70% ethanolic extract of SST. Amongst them, seven and 24 prototype compounds could be detectable in the plasma and urine samples, respectively, after oral administration of an SST extract (4 g·kg) in rats. No metabolites were observed in the rat samples. The findings of this work first unveiled the chemical complexity of SST and its absorbed components, which would be beneficial to understanding the therapeutic basis and quality control of SST.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tablets , Chemistry
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812349

ABSTRACT

Shenshao Tablet (SST), prepared from Paeoniae Radix Alba (PRA) and total ginsenoside of Ginseng Stems and Leaves (GSL), is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation prescribed to treat coronary heart disease. However, its chemical composition and the components that can migrate into blood potentially exerting the therapeutic effects have rarely been elucidated. We developed an HPLC/DAD/ESI-MS approach aiming to comprehensively profile and identify both the chemical components of SST and its absorbed ingredients (and metabolites) in rat plasma and urine. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent Eclipse XDB C column using acetonitrile/0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. MS detection was conducted in both negative and positive ESI modes to yield more structure information. Comparison with reference compounds (t, MS), interpretation of the fragmentation pathways, and searching of in-house database, were utilized for more reliable structure elucidation. A total of 82 components, including 21 monoterpene glycosides, four galloyl glucoses, two phenols from PRA, and 55 ginsenosides from GSL, were identified or tentatively characterized from the 70% ethanolic extract of SST. Amongst them, seven and 24 prototype compounds could be detectable in the plasma and urine samples, respectively, after oral administration of an SST extract (4 g·kg) in rats. No metabolites were observed in the rat samples. The findings of this work first unveiled the chemical complexity of SST and its absorbed components, which would be beneficial to understanding the therapeutic basis and quality control of SST.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tablets , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of cytogenetic analysis in the detection of bone marrow (BM) involvement in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow samples of 74 patients with NHL were detection by using morphology, cytogenetic test, flow cytometry and molecular biological assay. The detected results of morphology, cytogenetic test, flow cytometry and molecular biological assay alone and thier combined detection were compared, the detective rate and consistencies of the 4 methods were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The detection rates of BM involvement by using morphology, cytogenetic, flow cytometry, and molecular biological assays were 21.6%, 17.6%, 23.0% and 33.8% respectively. The detective rate was enhanced to 44.6% by combining the 4 methods. Cytogenetic test showed the result consistent with the other methods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although cytogenetic test shows a lower detective rate than the other methods, but in some patients the cytogenetic test can detect the abnormality of bone marrow which can not be detected by other methods alone, the combination test of 4 detection methods can enhance the detectable rate of BM involvement.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Pathology , Bone Marrow Examination , Cytogenetic Analysis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Diagnosis , Genetics
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1382-1385, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641926

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study p42/p44 mitogen - activated protein kinases ( MAPK ) signal transduction pathway effect on vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF ) expression induced by elevated glucose concentration in cultured human retinal pigment epithelium ( hRPE) . METHODS:hRPE cells were cultured and divided into four groups:normal glucose group (NG) (5. 6mmol/L), high glucose group ( HG1:15mmol/L D-glucose, HG2:20mmol/L D - glucose, HG3:30mmol/L D - glucose ), PD98059 group: hRPE cells were treated by an efficient and selective inhibitor PD98059 (20μmol/L) of p42/p44MAPK signal transduction pathway and solvent dimethyl sulfoxide group ( DMSO group) . The expression of VEGF and pigment epithelium derived factor ( PEDF ) mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. VEGF protein expression in cultured hRPE supernatants was detected by enzyme-linked immumosorbent assay ( ELISA) . RUSULTS: VEGF mRNA and protein expression induced by elevated glucose concentration increased significantly. VEGF mRNA and protein expression were restrained in PD98059 group. Ratio of ( VEGF/β-actine)/( PEDF/β - actine ) in PD98059 group decreased significantly compare with that in high glucose group. CONCLUSION: p42/p44MAPK signal transduction pathway might play a part in VEGF expression induced by elevated glucose concentration in cultured hRPE cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325185

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to clone the gene coding mouse CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), to construct the recombinant lentiviral vector carrying enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) and to explore its expression in eukaryotic cells (293FT cells). The full length CXCR4 gene was cloned by RT-PCR using bone marrow cells from C57BL/6 mouse as template and inserted into PCR-Blunt vector. CXCR4 fragment was generated by digestion with restriction endonuclease and subcloned into a lentiviral vector to generate recombinant lentiviral vector LV-IRES-EGFP-CXCR4, which was co-transfected into 293FT cells together with envelope plasmid and packaging plasmid by lipofectamine 2000. Viruses were gathered and concentrated using ultracentrifuge, and then transfected into 293FT cells. Expression of EGFP was detected by fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometry (FCM). And the expression of CXCR4 protein was detected by Western blot. The results demonstrated that mouse CXCR4 gene was cloned and the lentiviral vector was successfully constructed. The lentiviral particles were correctly packaged, and the virus titers were above 10(8) TU/ml in the supernatant after concentration. Expression of EGFP was detected by fluorescent microscopy in the transfected 293FT cells, and the transfection efficacy > 95% was determined by FCM. Expression of CXCR4 protein detected by FCM and Western blot was significantly higher than that in control group. It is concluded that the CXCR4 gene along with the gene coding EGFP is successfully inserted into a lentiviral vector to construct a recombinant lentiviral vector, which can be expressed in eukaryotic cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Lentivirus , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Plasmids , Receptors, CXCR4 , Genetics , Transfection
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248881

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the influence of Pilose antler polypeptide on the glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen in the articular cartilage in experimental knee osteoarthritis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 64 New Zealand white rabbits of 6 months old were randomly divided into 2 groups:normal group (n = 8) and model group (n = 56). Model group was surgically induced into osteoarthritis model by method of Hulth. After successful modeling, the rabbits of model group were further divided into 2 groups: Pilose antler polypeptide-treatment group and control group, 24 rabbits in each group. Pilose antler polypeptide-treatment group received 0.5 ml intra-articular injection of Pilose antler polypeptide dilution liquid once in per 2 days for 30 days, while control group received 0.5 ml intra-articular injection of physiological saline. On days 7, 15 and 30 after intervention, articular cartilage samples were collected respectively. The content of glycosaminoglycan in articular cartilage was observed by toluidine blue staining and the expression of type II collagen in cartilage matrix was detected by immunohistochemical staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Along with the prolonging of time, the content of glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen in cartilage matrix of the Pilose antler polypeptide-treatment group and control group decreased gradually. On days 7, 15 and 30 after intervention, integrated optical density of the type II collagen positive area in cartilage matrix of the Pilose antler polypeptide-treatment group were (312.06 +/- 14.12), (273.31 +/- 12.42) and (248.34 +/- 10.41), which had statistically significant differences. Integrated optical density of the type II collagen positive area in cartilage matrix of the control group were (253.47 +/- 15.53), (215.67 +/- 9.72) and (160.01 +/- 13.23), which had statistically significant differences. At the same period, integrated optical density of the type II collagen positive area in cartilage matrix of the Pilose antler polypeptide-treatment group was higher than that of control group, which had statistically significant difference.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pilose antler polypeptide can inhibit reduction of the glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen in cartilage matrix and delay the degeneration of articular cartilage.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antlers , Chemistry , Metabolism , Collagen Type II , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Glycosaminoglycans , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Peptides , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Rabbits
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321261

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the inhibitory effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on cancer cells line HCT-8 and HT29 and its influence on the expression of HES1 and JAG1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Colorectal cancer cells line HCT-8 and HT29 were cultured in vitro and treated with different concentrations of EGCG(10 mg/L, 20 mg/L, 35 mg/L). The inhibition of proliferation was tested by MTT analysis. Influence of EGCG on the cell apoptosis and cell cycle of HCT-8 and HT29 were detected with flow cytometry, and gene expression of HCT-8 and HT29 after EGCG treatment with real-time polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EGCG affected the proliferation and apoptosis of HCT-8 and HT29. The inhibition rates of the three different concentrations of EGCG were(28.894±5.076)%, (34.903±1.794)%, and (39.028±0.105)% on HCT-8, and (14.682±4.244)%, (22.429±3.847)%, and (29.840±5.076)% on HT29. EGCG caused G(2)/M phase arrest and M phase transition in HCT-8 cell line, and S phase arrest and G2 phase transition in HT29 cell line. EGCG down-regulated HES1 gene expression in both cell lines, however, the differences were not statistically significant(both P>0.05). EGCG upregulated JAG1 gene expression in both cell lines, however only the difference in HCT-8 was statistically significant(0.201±0.018 vs. 0.440±0.077, P=0.029).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EGCG can significantly inhibit the proliferation of HT29 cells and HCT-8 cells by changing cell cycle and inducing cell apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to the upregulation of JAG1 gene expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Catechin , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Flow Cytometry , HT29 Cells , Homeodomain Proteins , Metabolism , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Jagged-1 Protein , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Serrate-Jagged Proteins , Transcription Factor HES-1
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305115

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of transcriptional factors T-bet and GATA3 mRNA and the levels of IFN-gamma and IL-4 in blood in children with acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and investigate the tendency of polarization of Th1/Th2 in children with ITP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood T-bet and GATA3 mRNA expression were examined using RT-PCR and plasma IFN-gamma and IL-4 levels were measured using EIASA in children with acute ITP in acute (n=30) and remission stages (n=28). Twenty healthy children served as the controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Blood T-bet mRNA expression and IFN-gamma levels in children with ITP in the acute stage were markedly higher than those in the remission stage and controls (p<0.01). In contrast, blood GATA3 mRNA expression and IL-4 levels in children with ITP in the acute stage were significantly lower than those in the remmission stage and controls (p<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The high expression of T-bet and IFN-gamma and the low expression of GATA3 and IL-4 indicate the existence of Th1 polarization in children with acute ITP. This might be related to the regulation of T-bet and GATA3.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , GATA3 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Allergy and Immunology , RNA, Messenger , Blood , T-Box Domain Proteins , Genetics , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640134

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the plasma levels of tissue factor pathway inhibitor(TFPI)in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura(HSP)and the changes of it after therapy with heparin.Methods Forty-six HSP children were enrolled in HSP group according to the criterion,and 23 normal healthy children as controls.The plasma levels of TFPI were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in both groups.Forty-six HSP children were divided into 2 groups randomly:heparin therapy group(n=23)and conventional therapy group(n=23).The plasma levels of TFPI were measured before therapy,on the 7th day and the 14th day after therapy,respectively.Results 1.The plasma levels of TFPI in HSP group [(59.337?21.750)?g/L] significantly decreased than those of control group [(88.761?12.214)?g/L](t=7.185 P

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329604

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the way to induce mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to differentiate into dopaminergic neurons in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSCs were obtained from rat bone marrow, cultured and passaged. MSCs used in this experiment had multipotency, which was indirectly proved by being induced to differentiate into chondrocytes and adipocytes. MSCs were cultured in medium containing 0.5 mmol/L IBMX for 2 days. Then the medium was replaced with induction medium, which contained GDNF, IL-1beta, mesencephalic glial-cell-conditioned medium and flash-frozen mesencephalic membrane fragments. The surface markers of the differentiated neurons, such as NSE, nestin, MAP-2a, b and TH were detected by immunocytochemistry and Western blot after MSCs were cultured in induction medium for 7 days and 15 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MSCs differentiated into neural progenitors and expressed nestin after MSCs were incubated with medium containing IBMX for 2 d. After the medium was replaced with induction medium containing many inducing agents, MSCs differentiated into neuron-like cells and dopaminergic neuron-like cells and expressed NSE, MAP-2a, b and TH. The percentage of NSE-positive cells, MAP-2a, b-positive cells and TH-positive cells was 30.032 +/- 2.489%, 41.580 +/- 5.101% and 34.958 +/- 5.534%, respectively after MSCs were induced in medium containing GDNF, IL-1beta, mesencephalic glial-cell-conditioned medium and flash-frozen mesencephalic membrane fragments for 15 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSCs can differentiate into dopaminergic neuron-like cells and are a new cell source for the treatment of neurodegeneration diseases and have a great potential for wide application.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Animals , Blotting, Western , Bone Marrow Cells , Carboxylesterase , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes , Cell Biology , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dopamine , Intermediate Filament Proteins , Mesencephalon , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Nestin , Neurons , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases , Rats , Rats, Wistar
15.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686204

ABSTRACT

Pure culture of Phlebopus portentosus was inoculated in the roots of coffee tree. The results indi-cated that the young fruit bodies would come out around the rhizomes of host tree after inoculation in 30 to 90 days, single or cluster, 3 to 4 days for mature, weight 20.0 g to 62.0 g. Brown rhizomorph and hyphae can be seen on the seedlings`rhizome, main root and side root while nothing is on the tip of the root.It was found that rhizomorph on the surface of roots would die after inoculation in 90 days in pot.

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