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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 303-312, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829094

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common skin disease, which has a negative effect on quality of life. Current treatments do not fully control the symptoms of urticaria for many CU patients, thus effective and safe treatments for CU are still needed.@*OBJECTIVE@#This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cupping therapy in patients with CU.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy looked for the presence of related keywords, such as "chronic urticaria" and "cupping therapy," in the title and abstract of research articles indexed in major databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected after querying nine electronic databases from their inception to May 2019 with the above search terms.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#RCTs were included if they recruited patients with CU who were intervened with dry or wet cupping. Publications could be written in Chinese or English.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Data were extracted, and the studies were assessed for the quality of their methodological design and risk of bias. Meta-analyses of the RCT data were conducted to assess the total effective rate of the treatment as the primary outcome. Skin disease quality of life index score, recurrence rate, and adverse events were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on different interventions.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen comparisons from 12 RCTs involving 842 participants were included. There were no significant differences between wet cupping and medications in total effective rate (n = 372; risk ratio [RR] = 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.97 to 1.25; P = 0.14) or recurrence rate (n = 240; RR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.23 to 1.36; P = 0.20). Cupping therapy, in combination with antihistamine treatment was more efficacious than antihistamines alone, with a greater total effective rate (n = 342; RR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.39; P = 0.03) and lower recurrence rate (n = 342; RR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.84; P = 0.007). Cupping therapy combined with acupuncture was more effective than acupuncture alone (n = 156; RR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.46; P = 0.006). No serious adverse events were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#Wet cupping may be as effective as treatment with antihistamines. When cupping therapy is used as an adjuvant therapy to antihistamines or acupuncture, it may enhance the efficacy. Results drawn from these studies should be interpreted with caution and applied with care to clinical practice, because of the poor quality among the studies that were reviewed.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO, CRD42019137451.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843467

ABSTRACT

Objective • To explore the features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) image of adrenal cortical adenoma and cortical hyperplasia nodules (size greater than 10 mm) and its diagnostic value. Methods • Fifty cases of adrenal cortical adenoma and 22 cases of cortical hyperplasia nodules which were confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. The conventional ultrasound and CEUS features were recorded, including the size, border, arrival time, peak time, wash-out time, enhancement degree [hypo, hyper (iso-)], enhancement pattern (peripheral to central, overall, and nonspecific), etc. Results • There was no significant differences between two groups among conventional ultrasonic features. Multi-parameters of CEUS images analysis results showed that the wash-out time of cortical adenomas were significantly longer than the cortical hyperplasia nodules (P=0.002), the under area of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.694, had the 75.7% sensitivity and 53.3% specificity with the cutoff of 42 s. Conclusion • There is no significant difference between the adrenal cortical adenoma and cortex hyperplasia nodules in CEUS pattern, but it still can provide certain information for differentiation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743439

ABSTRACT

Objective · To explore the features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) image of adrenal cortical adenoma and cortical hyperplasia nodules (size greater than 10 mm) and its diagnostic value. Methods · Fifty cases of adrenal cortical adenoma and 22 cases of cortical hyperplasia nodules which were confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. The conventional ultrasound and CEUS features were recorded, including the size, border, arrival time, peak time, wash-out time, enhancement degree [hypo, hyper (iso-) ], enhancement pattern (peripheral to central, overall, and nonspecific), etc. Results · There was no significant differences between two groups among conventional ultrasonic features. Multi-parameters of CEUS images analysis results showed that the wash-out time of cortical adenomas were significantly longer than the cortical hyperplasia nodules (P=0.002), the under area of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.694, had the 75.7% sensitivity and 53.3% specificity with the cutoff of 42 s.Conclusion · There is no significant difference between the adrenal cortical adenoma and cortex hyperplasia nodules in CEUS pattern, but it still can provide certain information for differentiation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694102

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and validate the key molecular targets correlated with the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.Methods First,the survival time and transcriptome data of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ were downloaded from the TCGA database.The significantly differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >8.5 years in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ were picked out by edgeR package,and the pathways were enriched by KEGG.Similarly,the differential genes between overall survival <2 years and >7 years in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ were analyzed.Furthermore,KEGG pathway analysis was performed using the differential genes overlapped by stage Ⅰ /Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ.Second,the relationships between the expression levels of key node genes and other genes in enriched pathway and the overall survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were validated by KMplot database.Last,the correlation between the activity of pathway enriched in KEGG and the resistance to anti-HER2 treatment was validated in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Results In patients with stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ HER2-positive breast cancer whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 9th signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.In patients with stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years,PI3K/AKT was the 2nd signaling pathway enriched by up-regulated differential genes.Furthermore,PI3K/AKT was the first signal pathway enriched by the overlapping upregulated genes of patients in stage Ⅰ / Ⅱ and Ⅲ / Ⅳ whose overall survival was <2 years.Patients with high expression of PI3K and AKT (key node genes) or CFAP221 and COL4A6 (other genes) of PI3K/AKT pathway had shorter overall survival than those with low expression.PI3K inhibitors could enhance the growth inhibitory effect of HER2 small molecule inhibitor on HER2-positive breast cancer cell line BT474.Conclusions The overexpression of PI3K/AKT pathway is associated with the shorter overall survival in HER2-positive breast cancer patients,and associated with anti-HER2 resistance in HER2-positive breast cancer cell line.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690724

ABSTRACT

To study the adverse reactions' factors to Danhong injection in the real world. A multi-center, large sample and prospective hospital centralized monitoring method was adopted, and 30 888 cases of Danhong injection from 37 national 3A hospitals were collected to carry out a nested case control design study. These cases were divided into adverse reaction group and non-adverse group. Single factor logistic regression and multiple factor logistic regression were used to analyze data, and investigate the correlation between adverse reaction and gender, allergy history, methods of administration, and combined drug use. One hundred and eight cases of adverse reactions in 30 888 patients were determined, with an incidence of 0.35%. The results showed that Danhong injection combined with other medication(potassium mendoxine magnesium, thymic peptide, celecoxib, fumarate bisoprolol) with history of adverse reactions including scephalosporin allergy and proprietary Chinese medicine allergies had more adverse reactions than the control group(<0.05, estimated coefficient>0), indicating that these six factors were the risk factors for the adverse reaction of Danhong injection. The adverse reaction of Danhong injection combined with the aspirin was less than that in the control group(<0.05, estimated coefficient<0), indicating that the aspirin was a non-risk factor for the adverse reaction of Danhong injection. All the above results indicate that the adverse factors to Danhong injection include scephalosporin allergy, patent Chinese medicine allergy, Danhong injection combined with medication(potassium mendoxine magnesium, thymic peptide, celecoxib, fumarate bisoprolol), suggesting special attention shall be paid in clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690683

ABSTRACT

Naoxintong capsule (NXTC) is an oral Chinese preparation produced by modern technology, derived from the classic preparation of Buyang Huanwu decoction which was recorded by WANG Qing-ren (Qing dynasty) in Yilingaicuo Juanxia Tanweilun. NXTC is composed of 16 herbs including insect herbs and some blood circulation herbs, with the effects of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis and dredging collaterals. In clinical application, it is mainly used for stroke, cerebral infarction, vascular dementia, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, ischemic cardiomyopathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure, chronic complications of diabetes, essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and has achieved good therapeutic effect on above diseases or their concurrent diseases. Its clinical efficacy is mainly achieved through the improvement in related links of brain protection, neuroprotection, cardioprotection, hemorheology, et al. Nearly 200 chemical constituents identified in NXTC are important pharmacological basis for its functions. At present, however, most of its pharmacological basic researches are focused on plant herbs, and the three kinds of insect herbs remain to be further studied. The researches on clinical effectiveness are more comprehensive; the safety study of long-term application in real world is ongoing by our team, and its results are yet to be published after finishing the study. Through the systematic and comprehensive combing and elaboration of the research progresses on the chemical compositions, pharmacological action and clinical application of NXTC, it can provide a reference for the in-depth study of this preparation, with a great significance for the quality control, secondary development and internationalization promotion of NXTC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272679

ABSTRACT

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are precursor cells of endothelial cells. Signal molecules produced by ischemia and hypoxia can promote mobilization of bone marrow EPCs to peripheral circulation and formation of novel blood vessels in tissues that are damaged during heart attack. Naoxintong capsule (NXT) has the functions of promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, promoting the circulation of qi and relieving pain. The various components in NXT have protective effects on blood vessels and can effectively improve the symptoms of ischemia. However, its effect on EPCs is not clear. To study the intervention effect of NXT on mobilization and homing of peripheral blood EPCs, green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice were used for bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and then unilateral hind limb ischemia model (UHLI) were constructed. For BMT, wild-type ICR mice were irradiated by CS137 and then injected with 4×106 bone marrow cells isolated from GFP mice. The bone marrow reconstitution of recipients was assessed by quantification of GFP bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) from transplanted mice 4 weeks after BMT. The UHLI model was duplicated by ligating femoral artery and divided into three groups: the model group, the NXT group (model+NXT) and the positive control group (model+simvastatin). Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of GFP positive cells and the peripheral blood EPCs levels at 1, 3, 7, 14 days before and after surgery. Ischemic tissue of gastrocnemius muscle was excised at 3 and 7 days after operation for immunofluorescence staining to detect the number of GFP+ cells. The bone marrow chimerism was achieved at day 28 after BMT. There was no significant difference in the percentage of GFP positive cells between BMT mice and GFP transgenic mice. NXT and simvastatin could significantly increase the number of peripheral blood EPCs 1,3 days after surgery. Three and seven days after operation, the number of homing EPCs was significantly higher in NXT group and positive control group than that in model group (P<0.001). In conclusion, NXT can obviously promote the mobilization and homing of EPCs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258449

ABSTRACT

Naoxintong capsule has beneficial effects for activating blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis and dredging collateral. It is widely used in the treatment of coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, stroke and cardiovascular disease. However, the pharmacodynamic basis and possible mechanism of its preventive effects are not clear. In this study, 10 male and 10 female C57BL/6 mice were used, and were randomly divided into the control group (saline) and Naoxintong group. Adaptively fed for 7 days in common conditions, mice were given Naoxintong capsule or saline for 3 days via intragastric administration. Serum was collected from 6 mice in each group 1 h after the last administration. Serum proteins were prepared to do two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Then image analysis and mass spectrometry detection were carried out to screen and identify the differentially expressed proteins and make bioinformatics analysis. It was found that 24 differentially expressed proteins between Naoxintong group and control group. Compared with the control group, 12 proteins were increased, and 12 were decreased. The proteins were involved in apoptosis signal pathway and vascular endothelial growth factor signal transduction pathway, in which vasohibin-1 is a negative feedback regulation factor in angiogenesis. Western blot showed that the expression of vasohibin-1 in Naoxintong group was reduced, which is consistent with the result in two-dimensional electrophoresis. Serum proteins expression is different between Naoxintong and control groups. The targets of these differentially expressed proteins include endothelial cells, inflammatory cells and platelets. The changes on proteins showed that Naoxintong capsule may ameliorate coronary heart disease and ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and provide potential biological markers to prevent ischemic disease.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical therapeutic results of allograft tendon for anatomical reconstruction of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) for the treatment of patellar dislocations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2008 to June 2013, 16 patients with patellar dislocation underwent MPFL reconstructions. There were 2 males and 14 females, aged 11 to 27 years old (16 years old on average). Patellar dislocations occurred in 11 left and 5 right knees. The disease course ranged from 3 to 10 years. The frequency of dislocation ranged from 9 to 33 times (19 times on average). Affected knee joints showed patellar instability; the range of action for patella obviously increased. The X-ray films showed patellar dislocation. The preoperative Q angle was (36 ± 9)°, and the congruence angle was (63 ± 18)°. Reconstruction was performed via allograft tendon. Allograft tendon was fixed through the superomedial pole of the patella, and the other end was fixed at the natural MPFL insertion site near the medial femoral condyle with an interference screw in a bone tunnel. All the patients were evaluated postoperatively; Kujala patellofemoral scores, objective knee function, complications, and reoperations were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Primary healing was achieved in all cases. No infection or necrosis and absorption of grafts was observed. All the patients were followed up for an average of 16.4 months (ranged, 10 to 24 months) postoperatively. At the latest follow-up, all the patients had no pain, swelling and patellar instability; neither patella redislocation nor fracture occurred. The X-ray films showed good position of tunnel 6 months after operation, and the congruence angle was (5 ± 9)°, showing statistically significant difference when compared with preoperation (P < 0.05). The postoperative Q angle was (17 ± 8)°, the Kujala knee function score improved significantly from 45.20 ± 9.20 to 89.30 ± 6.40 at the latest follow-up, showing statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MPFL reconstruction improves clinical symptoms. Anatomical MPFL reconstruction is effective for patellar dislocation, and it offers good recovery of the premorbid patella mechanics. The interference screw provides firm fixation. Allograft can avoid the graft harvest site morbidity, but it increases the cost of the surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Child , Female , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , General Surgery , Male , Patellar Dislocation , General Surgery , Patellofemoral Joint , General Surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Tendons , Transplantation
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 399-405, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245070

ABSTRACT

This study taking gestodene (GEST) as a model, investigated the factors affecting reservoir-type intravaginal ring (IVR)'s drug release. This paper reported a gestodene intravaginal ring of reservoir design, comprising a gestodene silicone elastomer core encased in a non-medicated silicone sheath, separately manufactured by reaction injection moulding at 80 degrees C and heating vulcanization at 130 degrees C is reported. The test investigated the factors affecting drug release through a single variable method, taking the drug release rates of 21 days as standards. When changing the thickness of the controlling sheath outside, the ratio of the first day of drug release and mean daily release (MDR), named the relatively burst effect, is closing to 1 with the thickness of controlling sheath increasing, while the 1.25 mm sheath corresponding to 1.04 controlled the burst release effectively; a positive correlation (r = 0.992 2) existed between the average drug release (Q/t) and drug loading (A) within a certain range. The C6-165 controlling sheath with high solubility of GEST is easier to achieve controlled release of the drug; GEST crystalline power is more effective to implement controlled release of drugs among difficent states of the drug. A 1/4 fractional segment core gives a relatively burst effect of 1.76, while the 1/1 and 1/2 are 1.93 and 1.87 separately, at the same drug loading, concluding that use of a fractional segment core would allow development of a suitable GEST reservoir IVR. In summary, GEST reservoir-type IVR could be adjusted by the thickness of controlling sheath, the loading of drug, the material properties of controlling sheath, the dispersion state of drug, the additive composition and structure of intravaginal ring, to control the drug release behavior and achieve the desired drug release rate.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravaginal , Contraceptive Agents, Female , Contraceptive Devices, Female , Delayed-Action Preparations , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Norpregnenes , Chemistry , Silicone Elastomers , Chemistry , Solubility
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338029

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore security revaluation of Danhong injection and study correlative influencing factor of ADR/ADE.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The retrospective nested case-control study was carried out in hospitalized patients of the first affiliated hospital of Henan university of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The 8 452 cases of participation Danhong injection adverse reaction scentralized monitoring were defined as the study cohort. Adverse reactions occurred in patients with data as the case group, according to choose control group by methods of group design and individual matching in accordance with the ratio of 1:4 (The case group 52 cases and 208 patients in control group), to estimate the correlative fluencing factor of ADR/ADE.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The univariate analysis indicated that factors which OR value of group design reaching significance level were gender, personal allergichistory and medication days (P<0.05), factors of individual matching OR value reaching significance level were just only medication days (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors screened into equation were gender and personal allergic history.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The correlative in fluencing factor of Danhong injection adverse reactions have more correlation with taking medicine population. We should pay special attention to female and the population which have personal allergic history.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Clinical Trials as Topic , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 436-440, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292565

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>The role of adjuvant radiotherapy to the regional nodes in women with T1 to T2 breast cancer and one to three positive nodes is controversial. This study compared and analyzed the prognosis of patients with T1-T2 breast cancer with one to three positive nodes after modified radical mastectomy with or without postoperative radiotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cases of 434 women patients with T1 to T2 breast cancer with one to three positive lymph nodes after modified radical mastectomy were reviewed, of which 196 patients received postoperative radiotherapy and 238 patients did not. The ipsilateral chest wall and supraclavicular fossa were irradiated with doses of 46-50 Gy in 23-25 fractions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For all patients, the 3- and 5-year rates of overall survival (OS) were 94.7% and 85.7% respectively, local control (LC) 96.5% and 95.6%;, and disease-free survival (DFS) 89.3% and 82.3% respectively. The 3- and 5-year OS rates for patients without radiotherapy were 92.7% and 97.1% and for those with radiotherapy were 82.4% and 89.2%, both with significant differences (P = 0.039). The 3- and 5-year LC rates for patients without radiotherapy were 94.8% and 98.4% and for those with radiotherapy were 93.6% and 97.7%, again with significant differences (P = 0.041). The 3- and 5-year DFS rates for patients without radiotherapy were 87.8% and 91.3% and for patients with radiotherapy were 78.5% vs 86.1% (P = 0.047).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Postoperative radiotherapy confers better rates of OS, LC, and DFS in patients with T1 to T2 breast cancer with one to three positive nodes after modified radical mastectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Lobular , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy, High-Energy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 131-137, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a good way of the reconstruction of severe tibial shaft fractures by using different flaps and external fixators.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-five patients of Type IIIC tibial shaft fractures with average age of 42.5 years were treated in our hospital from 1990 to 2005. Injuries were caused by motorcycle accidents in 66 patients, by machine accidents in 16 patients, and by stone bruise in 3 patients. The management procedures consisted of administration of antibiotics, serial debridment, bone grafting if needed, application of different flaps, such as free thoracoumbilical flaps, fasciocutaneous flaps, saphenous neurocutaneous vascular flaps, sural neurocutaneous vascular flaps and gastrocnemius muscular flaps, and different external fixations, for instance, half-ring fixators, unilateral axial dynamic fixators, AO fixators, Weifang fixators, and Hybrid fixators. The average follow up was 6.3 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All flaps survived. Eighty-three cases had bone healed. The average bone healing time of different external fixations was 5.5 months in 47 cases with half-ring fixators, 9.2 months in 4 cases treated with unilateral axial dynamic fixators, 8.5 months in 6 cases with AO fixators, 10.7 months in 16 cases with Weifang fixators, and 7.8 months in 10 cases with assembly fixators. Except half-ring fixation, other fixations all needed necessary bone graft. Two cases treated with unilateral axial dynamic fixators had nonunion of bone and developed osteomyelitis. The wounds healed after the removal of the fixators and immobilization by plaster. The last follow up examination showed ankle and knee motion was normal and no pain was noted.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combination of half-ring external fixators with various flaps provides good results for Type IIIC tibial shaft fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Transplantation , Child , Child, Preschool , Debridement , Female , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fracture Healing , Humans , Leg Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Flaps , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676167

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of stemless hip replacement.Methods The stemless hip replacement was performed in 40 cases and the effect evaluated.Results Follow-up for average 24.6 months(6-48 months)showed satisfactory outcomes in all cases after the stemless hip re- placement.Based on harris scale(averaging 90.6),the excellent result was,seen in 28 case(70%),good in eight(20%)and common in four(10%),with total excellence rate of 90%.Conclusions Stemless hip replacement is characterized by little trauma,less blood loss,less complications and fitting for revision. The general effects of this technique are satisfactory.It is especially suitable for the old and weak cases or the young cases who need hip replacement.The long term outcomes need further evaluation.

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