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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1211-1217, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of acupuncture on constipation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods:From January, 2019 to November, 2020, 50 ASD children with constipation from Rehabilitation Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine were admitted and randomly divided into acupuncture-rehabilitation group (n = 25) and medicine-rehabilitation group (n = 25). For constipation, the acupuncture-rehabilitation group used scalp acupuncture, body acupuncture combined with rehabilitation; the medicine-rehabilitation group took probiotics orally combined with rehabilitation. Both groups received conventional rehabilitation for constipation and the core symptoms. Constipation was treated for eight weeks, and ASD symptoms was treated for twelve weeks. After eight weeks and twelve weeks, the efficacy of constipation and the scores of main symptoms of constipation were compared, and they were also evaluated with Autism Child Behavior Scale (ABC) and Autism Treatment Evaluation Scale (ATEC). Results:Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the main symptoms of constipation, nor the scores of ABC and ATEC between two groups (P > 0.05). Eight weeks after treatment, the main symptoms of constipation significantly improved (t > 5.473, P < 0.001); twelve weeks after treatment, the efficacy of constipation and the main symptoms of constipation were better in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group than in the medicine-rehabilitation group (Z = 2.848, t = -2.139, P < 0.05). Eight weeks after treatment, the scores of ABC and ATEC significantly decreased (t > 7.139, P < 0.001), and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05); the score of behavior of ATEC significantly decreased in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group (t = 3.849, P < 0.01), and was lower than that of the medicine-rehabilitation group (t = -2.643, P < 0.05), and no significant difference in other items was found between two groups (P > 0.05); twelve weeks after treatment, the scores of ABC and ATEC were lower in the acupuncture-rehabilitation group than in the medicine-rehabilitation group (|t| > 2.156, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Acupuncture-rehabilitation can improve the longer-lasting effect of constipation, and also improve the core symptoms of ASD, which is superior to medicine-rehabilitation.

3.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 301-307, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and advantages of skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion treatment by transmission straight wire technique.@*METHODS@#Ninety-seven patients who received treatment for skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion at the Department of Stomatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to January 2017 were selected for this retrospective study. All these patients refused surgery. They were divided into two groups in accordance with the type of skeletal malocclusion: mild-to-moderate skeletal malocclusion group (-4°≤ANB <0°) and severe skeletal malocclusion group (-8°≤ANB<-4°). Each of the two groups was divided further into two small groups in accordance with the technique used: T group (transmission straight wire technique) and M group (MBT technique).@*RESULTS@#The crossbite of all 59 patients in the mild-to-moderate skeletal malocclusion group was successfully treated. The molars were classified as classⅠrelationship, and the facial profile improved. Significant differences were found in the values of U1/SN angle, L1/MP angle, and Lip-Diff between the T and M groups before and after the treatment (P<0.05). The extent of incisor root resorption was lighter in the T group than in the M group (P<0.05). In the severe skeletal malocclusion group, the crossbite of all 38 patients was cured or partially cured. Fourteen patients showed severe lower anterior teeth inclination (five in the T group and nine in the M group), and the profiles did not significantly improve. Significant differences were observed in the values of U1-NA value, U1/SN angle, L1-NB value, L1/MP angle, LLP, and Lip-Diff between the T and M groups before and after the treatment (P<0.05). The extent of incisor root resorption was lighter in the T group than in the M group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Relative to the MBT technique, the transmission straight wire technique has great advantages in improving facial profile, reducing the compensatory inclination of the upper and lower anterior teeth, and reducing the risk of root resorption in the treatment of skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cephalometry , Malocclusion , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Maxilla , Retrospective Studies
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 555-558, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731863

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of application of corneal protective agent(2% hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose, 2% HPMC)on the stability of ocular surface tear film after phacoemulsification in age-related cataract(ARC)patients with type 2 diabetes.<p>METHODS: Prospective parallel controlled trial. Totally 107 cases(107 eyes)of the patients with ARC and type 2 diabetes who underwent phacoemulsification in our hospital from March 2017 to May 2018 were included in this study. According to the random number table, the patients were divided into HPMC group and BSS group. All 57 eyes were enrolled in HPMC group and 2% HPMC was evenly covered on the corneal surface during operation; 50 eyes were enrolled in BSS group and BSS was continuously dripped on the cornea during operation. Break up time(BUT), Schimer Ⅰ test(SⅠt)and corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)were performed 1d before operation and 7d, 30d, 60d and 90d after operation, and observed their changes.<p>RESULTS: At 7d, 30d and 60d after cataract surgery, compared with BSS group, BUT was significantly prolonged and CFS staining spots were significantly reduced in HPMC group; At 7d after surgery, SⅠt in HPMC group was significantly lower than that in BSS group; At 30d and 60d after surgery, SⅠt in HPMC group was significantly higher than that in BSS group(<i>P</i><0.05). At 60d after operation, there was no difference in BUT, SⅠt and CFS between HPMC group and preoperative group(<i>P</i>>0.05), while there was difference in BUT, SⅠt and CFS between BSS group and preoperative group(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:2% HPMC in phacoemulsification can protect the stability of tear film on the ocular surface of ARC patients with type 2 diabetes. The tear film stability indexes can be restored to the preoperative level 60d after operation.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 135-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional intestinal diseases, but its pathogenesis is still unknown. The present study aimed to screen the differentially expressed proteins in the mucosa of colon between IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D) patients and the healthy controls.@*METHODS@#Forty-two IBS-D patients meeting the Rome III diagnostic criteria and 40 control subjects from July 2007 to June 2009 in Chinese PLA General Hospital were enrolled in the present study. We examined the protein expression profiles in mucosa of colon corresponding to IBS-D patients (n = 5) and controls (n = 5) using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS). Secondly, Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis were carried out to validate the screened proteins in 27 IBS-D patients and 27 controls. Thirdly, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was further carried out to determine ATP concentration in the mucosa of colon between 10 IBS-D patients and 8 controls. Comparisons between 2 groups were performed by Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test.@*RESULTS@#Twelve differentially expressed proteins were screened out. The α-enolase (ENOA) in the sigmoid colon (0.917 ± 0.007 vs. 1.310 ± 0.100, t = 2.643, P = 0.017) and caecum (0.765 ± 0.060 vs. 1.212 ± 0.122, t = 2.225, P = 0.023), Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACAD8) in the sigmoid colon (1.127 ± 0.201 vs. 1.497 ± 0.392, t = 7.093, P = 0.008) of the IBS-D group were significantly lower while acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (CT) in the caecum (2.453 ± 0.422 vs. 0.931 ± 0.652, t = 8.363, P = 0.015) and ATP synthase subunit d (ATP5H) in the sigmoid (0.843 ± 0.042 vs. 0.631 ± 0.042, t = 8.613,P = 0.007) of the IBS-D group was significantly higher, compared with the controls. The ATP concentration in the mucosa of the sigmoid colon in IBS-D group was significantly lower than that of control group (0.470 [0.180, 1.360] vs. 5.350 [2.230, 7.900], U = 55, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Many proteins related to energy metabolism presented differential expression patterns in the mucosa of colon of the IBS-D patients. The abnormalities in energy metabolism may be involved in the pathogenesis of IBS which deserves more studies to elucidate.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Colon , Metabolism , Pathology , Diarrhea , Metabolism , Pathology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Energy Metabolism , Genetics , Physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Metabolism , Pathology , Mass Spectrometry , Proteome , Metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 319-323, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905524

ABSTRACT

It has been increasingly recognized that the presence of a healthy and diverse gut microbiota is important to the development of central nervous system and emotional processing for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The interconnection of gut microbiome and brain function has significantly contributed to establishing the microbiota-gut-brain axis as an extension of the well-accepted gut-brain axis concept. The bidirectional interaction between the gut microbiota and the brain occurs through various pathways including serotonin, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, neurotrophin, and the immune system. The microbiota-gut-brain axis has been shown to influence the behaviors associated with neuropsychiatric conditions. Modulation of this gut microbiota as a novel therapy for ASD is gaining interest. This paper summarized the status of neuropsychological microbiome, which provided evidence supporting the role of gut microbiota in modulating neuropsychological functions of the central nervous system and exploring the potential underlying mechanisms.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 483-487,503, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698254

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of galectin-3 (Gal-3)and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)with in-stent restenosis (ISR).Methods We consecutively recruited 434 patients who had undergone successful drug eluting stent (DES)implantation.Then we divided them into ISR group (n=41)and NO-ISR group (n=393)according to the results of coronary angiography review.Independent risk factors for ISR were found out by multivariate analysis and the two groups were matched for these factors except for Gal-3 and MMP-9 .After elim-ination of the influence of confounders,serum Gal-3 and MMP-9 were compared between the groups and their rela-tions with the severity of ISR were analyzed.Patients were grouped based on Gal-3 and MMP-9 concentrations and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs)were compared between the two groups.Results After elimination of the influence of confounders,the results showed that serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 were significantly higher in ISR group than in NO-ISR group (P<0.001).Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 increased with the increased grade of classification.Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 were obviously higher in classes Ⅲ and Ⅳ ISR than in class Ⅰ (P<0.05).Patients with higher levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 had a higher incidence of MACEs (P<0.01).ISR group had a higher incidence of MACEs than NO-ISR group (P<0.05).Conclusion Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 are correlated with ISR and its severity,and they are independent risk factors for ISR.The rate of MACEs during follow-up period was increased with the increased levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 .

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 475-478, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698252

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic methods and their curative effects in recurrent ischemic angina for internal mammary artery resterosis after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods We enrolled the patients who had recurrence of ischemic angina for restenosis of internal mammary artery graft after CABG as research subjects in the Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University from January 2014 to January 2016.The 42 patients were divided into three groups according to the different treatment approaches for recurrence of ischemic angina:Group A (n=22)who received internal mammary artery interventional therapy;Group B (n=12)who received coronary artery bypass grafting treatment;and Group C (n=8)who received left subclavian artery proximal stent treatment.Then we compared the clinical therapeutic effects in the three groups.Results The success rate in Group C was 100%,which was the highest in the three groups,and the post-operative restenosis rate was 0.The hospitalization time was significantly shorter in Group A than in Group B (P<0.05).However,the two groups did not significantly differ in mortality,success rate or restenosis rate (P>0.05).Conclusion We should select the appropriate treatment according to the patient's specific situation for recurrent ischemic angina. Endovascular treatment has evident therapeutic effects,rapid postoperative recovery,and lower treatment risk, making it the preferred treatment when possible.

9.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 471-474, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698251

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between coronary artery stenosis and endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary heart disease and subclinical hypothyroidism.Methods According to the results of coronary angiography and thyroid function,the patients were divided into coronary heart disease with subclinical hypothyroidism (group A,n=71),coronary heart disease without subclinical hypothyroidism (group B,n=73), and normal coronary angiography (control group,n=59).The degree of coronary artery stenosis was evaluated by Gensini integral method.Fasting blood was taken to measure nitric oxide (NO),high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP),and endothelin (ET)to evaluate endothelial dysfunction.Results TC,TG,LDL-c,FT3,TSH,hs-CRP,ET and Gensini score were higher in Group A than in Group B and control group (P<0.05).The level of NO in Group A and Group B were lower than that in control group (P<0 .0 5).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age,TSH,ET and NO were independent risk factors for coronary heart disease.ET and NO levels in patients with coronary heart disease combined with subclinical hypothyroidism were correlated with Gensini scores (r=0.431,r=-0.383,P<0.001).Conclusion Subclinical hypothyroidism may cause endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary heart disease,which may increase cardiovascular risk in these patients.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 466-470, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698250

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive values of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR)before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)and a reexamination of coronary angiography (CAG)on the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR)in patients implanted with coronary drug eluting stent (DES).Methods For this study we enrolled 123 patients who had undergone successful drug eluting stent implantation (SI)and a further CAG reexamination.Another 45 patients with non-coronary heart disease (NC)served as controls.PLR and NLR were measured before DES implantation or CAG and compared between the groups.Patients in SI group were further divided into two subgroups based on the results of CAG reexamination:ISR group and no-ISR group.Hematologic data were reexamined before further CAG and compared between the subgroups.Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC)was drawn to evaluate the predictive values of PLR and NLR for ISR.Results PLR and NLR before PCI or a further CAG were significantly higher in ISR group (34 patients)than in non-ISR group (89 patients,P<0.05).Before PCI,the best cutoff value of PLR in screening restenosis was 107.20;the sensitivity and the specificity were 64.7% and 65.2%.The best cutoff value of NLR in screening restenosis was 2.72; the sensitivity and the specificity were 61.8% and 70.8%. Before CAG reexamination,the best cutoff value of PLR in screening restenosis was 160.08;the sensitivity and the specificity were 26.5% and 97.8%.The best cutoff value of NLR in screening restenosis was 2.08;the sensitivity and the specificity were 73.5% and 56.2%.Conclusion Both PLR and NLR before PCI or CAG reexamination can be predictors of ISR in patients implanted with DES.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 463-465,508, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698249

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP)and serum bilirubin with coronary in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation.Methods For this research we recruited 268 patients who had undergone successful drug-eluting coronary stent implantation and then received coronary angiography.Both ends (from the edge of the supporting frame≤5 mm)or the vessel's diameter stenosis ≥50% were used as the definition of restenosis.According to the results of coronary angiography,the subjects were divided into restenosis group (42 cases)and non-restenosis group (226 cases).The total bilirubin,direct bilirubin,indirect bilirubin and AIP in the two groups were compared to explore the correlation of AIP and serum bilirubin with in-stent restenosis.Results AIP in restenosis group was significantly higher than that in non-restenosis group (P<0.05).The level of total bilirubin was significantly lower in the former group than in the latter one (P<0.05). Conclusion AIP is a risk factor for restenosis,and serum total bilirubin is a protective factor for coronary stent restenosis.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 459-462,478, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) and coronary artery stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction.Methods For this study we consecutively enrolled 345 patients who received coronary angiography (CAG).According to the results,the subjects were divided into coronary stenosis group (232 cases)and control group (113 cases)to investigate the the relationship of IMA and IMA/albumin (IMAr)with coronary stenosis.Results ① The levels of IMA and IMAr in coronary stenosis group were higher than those in control group (P<0.001).② The IMA and IMAr were higher in single-branch and multi-branch lesion groups than in control group (P<0.05),whereas there was no significant difference between single-branch lesion group and multi-branch lesion group (P>0.05).③ In receiver operating characteristics curve analysis,the sensitivity of IMA and IMAr was 64.4% and 78.0%,respectively (AUC:0.653,0.705,P<0.001)in predicting coronary stenosis.④ Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IMAr was an independent risk factor for coronary stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction (OR=73.05,P<0.001).Conclusion IMA and IMAr are closely correlated with coronary stenosis and have a value in predicting coronary artery stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction.

13.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 254-260, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710175

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the effects of hyperoside,an anti-arrhythmic agent capable of reducing myocardial infarct size,on arrhythmic rats induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and the corresponding mechanism.METHODS Male SD rats were randomly assigned to sham operation group,model group and hyperoside group (50 mg/kg,n =15).The I/R model was reconstructed by the ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min ischemia.Rats in the hyperoside group were injected with 50 mg/kg hyperoside intraperitoneally 10 min before ischemia.Heart rate,mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate systolic blood pressure product (RPP) at time points of 10 min before ischemia (T0),30 min after ischemia (T1),30 min (T2),60 min (T3),120 min (T4) after reperfusion were recorded.ELISA method was used to determine serum CK-MB and cTnI,spectrophotometry to measure Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase levels,HE staining to observe myocardial tissue changes,immunohistochemistry to investigate Cx43 protein,and Western blot to detect Kir2.1 protein expression.RESULTS At T1,T2,T3 and T4,the model group demonstrated significantly lower HR,MAP and RPP than those in the sham operation group (P < 0.05),whereas the hyperoside group had higher HR,MAP and RPP than the model group.Both hyperoside group and the model group shared significantly higher arrhythmia score,levels of CK-MB and cTnI than the sham operation group (P < 0.05) while their lower activities of Na +-K +-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase,protein expressions of Cx43 and Kir2.1 than the sham operation group were noticed as well.But the hyperoside group displayed its lower arrhythmia score,levels of CK-MB and cTnI,and yet higher activities of Na +-K +-ATPase and Ca2 +-Mg2 +-ATPase,protein expressions of Cx43 and Kir2.1 than the model group (P <0.05).CONCLUSION Hyperoside in improving ventricular arrhythmia of I/R rats may contribute to the activity restoration of Na +-K +-ATPase and Ca2 +-Mg2 +-ATPase,and the up-regulation of Cx43 and Kir2.1 protein expressions.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 618-621, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689710

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the role of the serum inhibin B (INHB) level in evaluating the testicular function of the prepubertal patient with varicocele (VC) after high ligation of the spermatic vein (HLSV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 31 prepubertal male patients with left VC, averaging 12.55 years of age and 9 complicated by right VC. We collected peripheral blood samples before and at 4, 12 and 26 weeks after HLSV as well as spermatic venous blood samples intraoperatively for determination of the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), anti-sperm antibody (AsAb) and serum INHB by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the baseline, statistically significant differences were observed in the INHB level in the peripheral blood at 12 and 26 weeks after operation ([255.18 ± 69.97] vs [141.78 ± 59.82] pg/ml, P < 0.05) and that in the spermatic venous blood intraoperatively ([255.18 ± 69.97] vs [412.44 ± 259.42] pg/ml, P < 0.01). Spearman's analysis showed a negative correlation between the level of INHB and that of FSH (r = -0.224, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The level of serum INHB in the peripheral blood of the prepubertal VC patient is decreased within 6 months after HLSV and negatively correlated with that of FSH. The levels of INHB and FSH may well reflect the testicular function of the prepubertal VC patient.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Male , Antibodies , Blood , Biomarkers , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Inhibins , Blood , Luteinizing Hormone , Blood , Spermatozoa , Allergy and Immunology , Testosterone , Blood , Varicocele , Blood
15.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 381-384, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor α1 subunit (GABAAα1) in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vLPAG) in rats with formalin-induced acute pain. Methods The rats were randomly divided into two groups:control group(group C) and formalin-induced pain group(group F),12 rats in each group:0.9% sodium chloride solution or 2% formaldehyde 50 μL was injected into the ventral surface of right hind paw respectively. The pain scores were recorded for every 5 minutes and the mechanical pain threshold were recorded for every 10 minutes until 1 h. The expression levels of GABAAα1in vLPAG were determined by Western blot analysis in each group.Results The rats in formalin group showed significant nociceptive behaviors immedi-ately, such as paw withdrawal and/or paw licking. Results demonstrated that the rats exhibited a biphasic response to pain. The pain behavior scores in group F were significantly higher than that in group C (P<0.05),and the mechanical pain threshold in group F was decreased after injection compared with group C(P<0.05). The expression of GABAAα1 protein in group F was significantly higher than that in group C (P<0.05).Conclusions The up-regulation of GABAAα1 expression in ventrolateral periaqueductal gray is associated with the decrease of pain threshold in rats with acute pain.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1167-1170, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare butenafine hydrochloride thermosensitive microemulsion-based hydrogel and evaluate the quality. METHODS: A series of temperature sensitive microemulsion gels with different gelation temperatures were prepared, using ethyl oleate as oil phase, Tween 80 as surfactant, ethanol as co-surfactant, and poloxamer as temperature-sensitive material. The morphology, particle size, Zeta potential, percutaneous absorption speed and skin retention were evaluated. RESULTS: The best formulation was composed of ethyl oleate-Tween 80-ethanol-poloxamer 407-poloxamer 188-distilled water at ratios of 4∶15∶10∶16.33∶5.68∶71. The oil/water microemulsion exhibited a spherical shape without adhesion or aggregation observed by TEM. The average diameter was 91.03 nm and the PDI was 0.246. The transdermal speed of microemulsion gel was faster than the marketed cream, and the drug retention in the skin was 5 times of the marketed cream. CONCLUSION: The hydrogel exhibits good temperature sensitivity and skin retention effect, and can penetrate skin cutin and act as a depot thus increase the local drug concentration and enhance the antibacterial effect.

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 150-155, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844677

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of C7orf42 on cell proliferation of rat hepatocyte line BRL-3A in vitro. Methods: The expression of C7orf42 was knocked down by siRNA, and MTT and EdU assay were used to discover the effect of C7orf42 on cell proliferation at 48 hours after transfection. Flow cytometry was used to observe the effect of cell cycle progression. Real-tme PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the changes in the expression of cell proliferation-associated gene. Results: MTT results showed that the cell viability of the interference group (C7BRL-siR3) was significantly lower than that of the negative control group (NC) at 48 hours after transfection (P < 0. 05). Meanwhile, the percentage of EdU-labeling cells was also significantly decreased (P < 0. 05). At the same time, the flow cytometry results showed that the number of cells in division phase (S + G2/M) of the interference group was significantly reduced in parallel (P < 0. 05). Further, the interference group down-regulated the expression levels of cell proliferation-related genes and proteins of JUN, MYC, CCND1 and CCNA2. Conclusion: C7orf42 may promote cell proliferation via regulating the expression of JUN, MYC, CCND1 and CCNA2 in rat hepatocyte line BRL-3A.

18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 1072-1075, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852898

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the chemical constituents in the seeds of Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor. Methods: The column chromatography and recrystallization methods were used for the isolation and the purification of compounds, and the spectroscopic methods (MS, NMR, etc.) were used for the structural identification. Results: A new alkaloid chimonanthconin (1) and a new natural compound N1,N10-dimethyltryptamine (2), along with six known compounds, 10-heneicosenoic acid (3), β-sitosterol (4), β-daucosterol (5), daucoster linoleate (6), scopoletin (7), and p-hydorxyleinnamaldehyde (8), were isolated and identified. Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new alkaloid and named chimonanthconin and compound 2 is a new natural compound. And other compounds are isolated from this plant for the first time.

19.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 752-754,761, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of vibration on the quality of suspended erythrocytes during transportation, and explore suitable experimental vibration conditions.Methods Three intensities(highway truck vibration, random vibration of fixed goods in a caterpillar, and combined wheeled vehicle vibration)were selected to simulate suspended erythrocyte transportation using electromagnetic vibration test system.Suspended erythrocytes of the same storage were randomly divided into three groups:highway truck vibration(group1),random vibration of fixed goods in a caterpillar(group 2),and combined wheeled vehicle vibration(group 3).The suspended erythrocytes were stored for 11 days and 26 days.The control group was stored with conventional methods.Suspended erythrocytes were vibrated for 1 hour,samples were collected before and after vibration,while free hemoglobin(FHb),K+,and LDH were tested.Results The changes in FHb and LDH after vibration were gradually increased with the magnitude of vibration(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in K +between the three vibration levels.The increase in FHb in suspended erythrocytes stored for 26 days was higher than 11days after random vibration of fixed goods in a caterpillar and combined wheeled vehicle vibration(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the change in FHb between day(d)26 and d 11 after highway truck vibration.Under the same magnitude of vibration,the change in LDH in the d 26 suspended erythrocytes was more significant than that of the d 11, and no significant difference was found in the change in K +between d 26 and d 11. Conclusion The damage to suspended erythrocytes after combined wheeled vehicle vibration is more obvious than that by the other two vibrations.The vibration environment of combined wheel vehicles is more suitable for simulating the vibration damage to suspended erythrocyte vibration.Suspended erythrocytes with a longer storage time have significant changes in FHb and LDH after transportation vibration, and the length of storage time of suspended red blood cells might affect the vibration injury.

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 755-757, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665674

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of vibration on free hemoglobin(FHb), lactic dehydrogenase(LDH), and K+concentration of red blood cells(RBCs)stored for different lengths of time.Methods Thirty-five bags of RBCs stored for different lengths of time(3,7,11,26,and 35 d,7 bags per group)were chosen as the target of research.A wheeled vehicle that could vibrate in three directions(horizontal,longitudinal,and vertical)was used to simulate RBC transportation in addition to an electromagnetic vibration test system.The RBC samples were prepared and vibrated for 0 h,or 3 h for detection and analysis of their FHb, LDH, and K+concentration.Results The FHb concentration was significantly increased after vibration(P<0.05), and tended to increase with the extension of storage time.LDH(P<0.05)and K +concentrations(P<0.05)were obviously increased with the length of storage(3,7,11,26,and 35 d), and significantly increased after vibration of 3 h.Conclusion FHb concentration is increased after vibration, and the storage time could change FHb.The vibration and storage time have great effect on LDH and K +concentrations.

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