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National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 753-757, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350823


Human sperm cryopreservation is an increasingly mature technique in assisted reproduction. However, conventional sperm cryopreservation is not suitable for the cryopreservation of small numbers of sperm. The solution to the cryopreservation of small numbers of sperm may contribute a lot to the clinical treatment of asthenospermia, oligospermia and azoospermatism. Recently, many researchers focus on searching for appropriate carriers for the cryopreservation of small numbers of sperm. This article outlines the effects of current cryopreservation methods including empty zona pellucida, microdrops, other mocrocarriers, testicular tissue cryopreservation and testicular sperm and epididymal sperm refrigeration.

Cryopreservation , Methods , Humans , Male , Semen Preservation , Methods , Testis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287440


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic abnormalities of fetuses with congenital heart diseases (CHD), and to provide guidance for the management of pregnancy and genetic counseling.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-one fetuses with CHD detected by fetal echocardiography were analyzed by karyotyping after amniocentesis, cordocentesis or chorionic sampling. Then 22q11.2 deletion/duplication was detected by a competitive fluorescent multiplex short tandem repeat assay in 47 CHD fetuses without chromosomal abnormalities. With fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using LSI dual color DNA probe, the deletion/duplication status was confirmed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-four of 81 CHD fetuses had chromosomal anomalies, and 1 of the 47 CHD fetuses without chromosomal anomalies had duplication at chromosome 22q11. The incidence of aneuploidy associated CHD was 43.2%. The rate of chromosomal anomalies is higher in the cases associated with extra-cardiac anomalies than in that with isolated CHD (64.5% versus 28.0%). In the 35 fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities, 19 (54.3%) were trisomy 18.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chromosomal abnormalities occurred in 43.2% of CHD cases and trisomy 18 is the most common aneuploidy. The likelihood of chromosomal anomaly increases when there is extracardiac involvement. Testing for the 22q11.2 microdeletion/duplication is recommended in all CHD fetuses without chromosomal anomalies. It is important for the further management of pregnancy and genetic counseling.</p>

Adult , Amniocentesis , Methods , Chromosome Aberrations , Classification , Female , Fetal Development , Genetics , Gestational Age , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Humans , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Trisomy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 414-419, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287722


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The mechanism of cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is not understood. Here, we hypothesized that apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by p53 and its target gene em dash p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) played an important role in development of cerebral vasospasm. We also observed the effects of a p53 inhibitor, pifithrin-alpha (PFT-alpha), on reducing the expression of p53 and PUMA, consequently decreasing the apoptosis of endothelial cells and alleviating cerebral vasospasm.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 300-350 g were randomly divided into five groups: a control group (sham surgery), a SAH group, a SAH+dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, a SAH + PFT-alpha (0.2 mg/kg) group and a SAH + PFT-alpha (2.0 mg/kg) group. PFT-alpha was injected intraperitoneally immediately after SAH. Rats were sacrificed 24 hours after SAH. Western blot and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the levels of p53, PUMA and caspase-3 protein. In addition, mortality and neurological scores were assessed for each group. Statistical significance was assured by analysis of variance performed in one way ANOVA followed by the Tukey test. The neurological and mortality scores were analyzed by Dunn's method and Fisher exact test, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After SAH, Western blot and immunohistochemical staining showed the levels of p53, PUMA and caspase-3 in the endothelial cells and the numbers of TdT mediated dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) positive endothelial cells were all significantly increased in the basilar arteries (P<0.05), but significantly reduced by PFT-alpha (P<0.05). These changes were accompanied by increasing diameters and declining wall thickness of basilar arteries (P<0.05), as well as reduced mortality and neurological deficits of the rats (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PFT-alpha could protect cerebral vessels from development of vasospasm and improve neurological outcome as well as reduce the mortality via suppressing apoptosis induced by p53 in the endothelial cells of cerebral vessels.</p>

Animals , Apoptosis , Benzothiazoles , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelial Cells , Pathology , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Toluene , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Physiology , Vasospasm, Intracranial
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357599


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigating genetic effects of workers occupationally exposed to mercury (Hg).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral lymphocytes from 20 workers exposed to mercury and 20 controls were measured with micronucleus test, comet assay, hrpt gene mutation test and TCR gene mutation test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean micronuclei rate(MNR) and mean micronucleated cells rate(MCR) in 20 workers were (5.90 +/- 0.91) per thousand and (5.30 +/- 0.81) per thousand, respectively while MNR and MCR in controls were (1.50 +/- 0.47) per thousand and (1.30 +/- 0.31) per thousand respectively, The difference of MNR and MCR between workers and controls was very significant (P < 0.01). The mean tail length (MTL) of workers and controls were (3.16 +/- 0.31) and (0.99 +/- 0.07) microm, respectively. The mean tail moment (MTM) of workers and controls were 1.63 +/- 0.22 and 0.39 +/- 0.03, respectively, There was a significant difference in MTL and MTM between workers and controls(P < 0.01). When the average mutation frequencies (Mfs-hprt) of hprt and (Mfs-TCR) of TCR of workers were compared with those of controls, there were not significant difference (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of the investigation indicated that the adverse genetic effects in workers occupationally exposed to mercury could be detected.</p>

Adult , Case-Control Studies , Chemical Industry , Comet Assay , Female , Humans , Male , Mercury , Micronucleus Tests , Middle Aged , Mutation Rate , Occupational Exposure , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239659


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A total of 27 samples belonging to 5 cultivars of Fructus Aurantii (Citrus aurantium), i. e. cv. Xiucheng, cv. Xiangcheng, cv. Lecheng, cv. Jizicheng, and cv. Youzicheng, collected at Changfu and Huanggang, Zhangshu City, Jiangxi Province, were assayed to reveal the genetic relationship among the cultivars and the accordance between morphological and molecular markers.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Cultivar identification was based on morphology and cultivar relationship was based on Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty out of 40 ISSR primers screened generated 392 loci across all 27 samples with 315 informative loci. The UPGMA dendrogram showed that samples within cv. Xiucheng and cv. Xiangcheng from Changfu were closely related. However, samples of cv. Lecheng, cv. Jizicheng and cv. Youzicheng from Huanggang, or cv. Xiucheng and cv. Xiangcheng from both Changfu and Huanggang did not exhibited close relationships within each cultivars.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on morphology the same cultivar grown in different plantations, or even within a single plantation sometimes do not show close genetic relationship, indicating diverse origin of the cultivars. Synonyms or homonyms are believed to common phenomenon in Fructus Aurantii production. To solve the problem ISSR markers can serve a kind of molecular markers which are preferable to partition genetic variations within and between cultivars and to establish genetic relationships among them.</p>

Citrus , Classification , Genetics , DNA Primers , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Fruit , Genetics , Genetic Markers , Genetic Variation , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Genetics , Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279549


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effect of QuDu ZengNing Capsule on AIDS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>QuDu ZengNing Capsule is a capsule containing extract from 4 Chinese medicinal herbs. Totally 1,000 AIDS patients were treated, among them 60 patients were clinically observed weekly. Blood routine tests, liver, heart and kidney function, X-ray, CD4, CD8 cells were examined before and after treatment at 1, 3, 6 month. The patients were treated with 4 capsules t.i.d for 6 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The symptoms were improved in most of the patients, the CD4 cells increased from 115.0 to 295.2/ul and the viral load (RNA copies/ml) in most patients reduced markedly or maintained at the same level.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These data indicated that QuDu ZengNing Capsule was effective for treatment of AIDS patients.</p>

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Adult , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , HIV-1 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Viral Load