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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1641-1644, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477534


Objective To explore the change characteristics of early renal blood infusion in patients with diabetes and its relation-ship with fasting blood sugar by using multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT)perfusion scan.Methods Thirty cases of T2DM patients within five years of disease course that meet clinical diagnostic criteria (poor DN glycemic control group and good DN glycemic control group with 1 5 cases in each group)and 1 5 cases in the control group underwent bilateral renal perfusion scan using 64-detector spiral CT,thus obtaning their cortical perfusion parameters of bilateral kidneys,including blood flow (BF),blood volume (BV),mean transit time (MTT)and capillary permeability surface (PS).At the same time,for each case,fasting glucose,blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine and blood uric acid value on the third days after and before perfusion were also measured;the glomemlar filtration rate (C-GFR)was estimated.Statistical analysis was performed on all of these obtained values.Results (1).For the poor DN gly-cemic control group,the average BF value,average BV value and average PS value were reduced,average MTT was prolonged sig-nificantly,and compared with normal group,average BF value and average MTT were statistically significant (P 0.05)for both normal control group and DN groups in the third day before and after renal CT perfusion imaging examination.Conclusion BF,BV and MTT of MSCT perfusion scan can reflect the characteris-ticsof early renal blood infusion in patients with diabetes.And changes of fasting blood sugar in patients with diabetes may influence mean BF and mean MTT of kidney.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 957-960, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452289


Objective To investigate effective MSCT perfusion index and evaluate its significance in the renal function of diabetic nephropathy patients.Methods The 64-slice spiral CT perfusion scanning was performed on experimental group with 25 cases dia-betic nephropathy patients and control group with 25 cases healthy volunteers.The index including the dual-renal blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV),mean transit time (MTT),and permeability of surface (PS)were measured.At the same time,the levels of microalbumin and urinary protein (mg/24 h)were quantitated,and the blood urea and serum creatinine were measured on diabetic nephropathy patients one day before and the second day after renal CT perfusion scanning.Results All indexes of renal MSCT per-fusion,which are BF,BV,MTT and PS,were associated with 24 h quantitative urinary protein and fasting blood-glucose.Only BF and MTT were related to microalbumin and in a good correlation with indexes of diabetic nephropathy (microalbumin,24 h quantita-tive urinary protein,and fasting blood-glucose).Within them,the BF value was negatively correlated to the indexes,and the MTT was positively correlated.The area below the ROC curve of BF and MTT was more than 0.8,it indicated the good effect for the in-dexes in diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy.The usage of non-ionic contrast agent in the renal perfusion scanning process has no sig-nificant impact on the measured index values.Conclusion MSCT renal perfusion index can be used to evaluate the renal function of diabetic patients.BF,BV and MTT could be used in prediction,diagnosis and screening of DN patients,among them BF and MTT indexes were the optimal.