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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1574-1580
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213573

ABSTRACT

Context: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) play an indispensable role in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), leading to a survival major breakthrough, but there remains no uniform standard for predicting the efficacy of TKI therapy. Aims: We retrospectively reviewed the use of EGFR-TKIs for advanced NSCLC between January 2009 and December 2017 in a hospital, which 169 patients who treated with first-line TKIs were enrolled. Subjects and Methods: Multiple clinical factors, including histology, age, and sex, were analyzed. We calculated the tumor shrinkage rate (TSR) by measuring the longest diameters of the main mass by computed tomography (CT) before TKI therapy and the first CT after TKI therapy. We evaluated overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after first-line TKI therapy, and we assessed factors predicting survival using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: Eligible patients were sorted into higher (n = 83) and lower (n = 86) TSR groups according to the mean TSR of 0.49%. The 83 patients with a higher TSR had longer PFS and OS than those in the 86 patients with a lower TSR (14.83 vs. 8.40 months, P < 0.001, and 31.03 vs. 20.10 months, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed that TSR was an independent predictor of PFS and OS (PFS hazard ratio [HR]: 0.506, P < 0.001, and OS HR: 0.291, P < 0.001). Conclusions: These cumulative data support that TSR may be an early predictor of the treatment efficacy in NSCLC with EGFR mutations treated with first-line TKIs

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 825-828, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of cluster protection measures on postoperative infection in elderly lumbar disc herniation patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery by using intervertebral foramen mirror surgery.Methods:A total of 98 elderly lumbar disc herniation patients treated with the surgery in our hospital were enrolled from January 2018 to December 2019.They were randomized into the intervention group(n=49)receiving cluster protection measures and the routine group(n=49)receiving conventional protection measures.The incidences of infection and related indexes after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results:A total infection rate was higher in the routine group [16.33%(8/49)]than in the intervention group [4.08%(2/49)]( χ2=4.009, P=0.045). The operation time, out-of-bed activity time, hospitalization days and surgical blood loss were less in the intervention group than in the routine group[(30.4±1.1) min vs.(101.9±51.1) min, (1.6±0.7) d vs.(3.7±1.2) d, (4.3±0.6) d vs.(13.2±3.8) d, (54.8±7.3) ml vs.(142.7±69.6) ml, t=9.759, 10.193, 15.789 and 8.780, all P=0.000]. Conclusions:Compared with the routine prevention measures, the cluster prevention measures can ensure the perioperative safety, shorten the operation time and reduce surgical blood loss, out-of-bed activity time and hospitalization days.Therefore, after careful perioperative treatment and protection, the cluster prevention measures can relieve pain, restore function, reduce the incidences of postoperative infection and complications, and achieve satisfactory nursing results.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828558

ABSTRACT

Severe and critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were usually with underlying diseases, which led to the problems of complicated drug use, potential drug-drug interactions and medication errors in special patients. Based on ( 6), and -19: , we summarized the experience in the use of antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, vascular active drugs, antibacterial, probiotics, nutrition support schemes in severe and critically ill COVID-19 patients. It is also suggested to focus on medication management for evaluation of drug efficacy and duration of treatment, prevention and treatment of adverse drug reactions, identification of potential drug-drug interactions, individualized medication monitoring based on biosafety protection, and medication administration for special patients.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Critical Illness , Drug Therapy , Humans , Nutritional Support , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Probiotics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733903

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of CT for benign and malignant liver nodules in patients with cirrhosis. Methods From April 2015 to April 2018,135 cases of liver cirrhosis with solitary liver nodules in Shanxi Coal Central Hospital were selected,and all patients received the upper abdominal CT examination. The CT manifestations and diagnostic accuracy of the lesions were observed,and positive for hepatocellular carcinoma and negative for other benign nodules. The diagnostic efficacy of CT was analyzed. Results The CT scan of benign and malignant nodules of liver in the background of liver cirrhosis all showed a slight or low density focus,dynamic enhanced scan,the characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma were obviously strengthened in the arterial phase,the portal phase was relatively low density,the delayed phase of the capsule was strengthened. The focal nodular hyperplasia was characterized by the enhancement of the middle heart scar in the delay period; the angioma was special. The characteristics of the hepatic adenoma were obvious enhancement of the arterial phase,the slow clearance of the portal phase and the delay period,and the enhancement of the liver parenchyma in the stages of the regenerative nodules of the liver cirrhosis. The accuracy of CT in the diagnosis of benign and malignant liver nodules under the background of liver cirrhosis was 90. 4% (122/135),of which the accuracy of diagnosis of hemangioma was the highest[100. 0% (30/30)],and the lowest rate for the diagnosis of regenerative nodules of liver cirrhosis was 81. 1% (30/37). The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of CT for the diagnosis of benign and malignant liver nodules under the background of liver cirrhosis were 92. 1% ,89. 7% ,77. 8% ,96. 7% and 90. 4% ,respectively. Conclusion In the diagnosis of benign and malignant nodules under the background of liver cirrhosis,spiral CT has high diagnostic effect. Dynamic enhanced scan can accurately differentiate most of the lesions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 935-942, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708614

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of anterior cervical decompression assisted with the microscope and mobile microendoscopic discectomy (MMED),and to compare their clinical efficacy.Methods From May 2015 to February 2017,thirty patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent anterior cervical decompression assisted with microscope or MMED.Among them,conventional transverse anterior cervical incisions were used,and intervertebral distractors were placed in order to complete the decompression,then the fusion and fixation procedure were conducted under direct vision,and the operative time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded.Of 30 cases,15 cases were in microscope cohort (anterior cervical discectomy and fusion,ACDF 12 cases;anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion,ACCF 3 cases),including 4 males and 11 females with a mean age of 54.00±11.10 years (range,32-71 years).Another 15 cases were in MMED cohort (ACDF 13 cases,ACCF 2 cases),including 9 males and 6 females with a mean age of 59.60± 11.10 years (range,39-73 years).Neurological and cervical function were evaluated before surgery and at the follow-up according to the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) and the neck disability index (NDI) scores,and the neurologic improvement grade (NIG) was used to evaluate the neurological function.Results Both the microscope and MMED cohort underwent decompression successfully,and the visual field was clear.No neurological symptoms became worse.For the microscope,its lens and the instrument had to be adjusted separately,whereas MMED lens could move synchronously with the instrument.It was easier for MMED to reveal the posterior edge of the vertebral body and the left and right side of the spinal canal.The operation time of the microscope cohort was 90-180 min,with an average of 124.67±36.42 min;the M MED cohort was operated for 80-130 min with an average of 110.00± 15.12 min,and there was no significant difference between the two cohorts (t=1.440,P=0.161).The intraoperative blood loss for microscope cohort was 20-200 ml,with an average of 66.00±49.11 ml;MMED cohort was 30-150 ml with an average of 60.00±35.25 ml;there was no significant difference between the two cohorts (t=0.384,P=0.704).The JOA score of the microsurgery cohort improved from 8.67±3.20 preoperatively to 15.93± 1.53 at the latest follow-up,and its difference was significant (t=8.687,P=0.000).According to NIG,neurological improvement was excellent in 12 cases and good in 3 cases,giving an excellent to good rate of 100%.NDI was reduced from 18.00%±9.75% preoperatively to 5.93%±2.58% at the latest follow-up,with significant difference (t=5.137,P=0.000).The JOA score in MMED cohort improved from 8.87±3.11 preoperatively to 15.53±1.69 at the latest follow-up,and its difference was significant (t=9.413,P=0.000).and Among these 15 patients,11 were excellent and 4 were good,giving an excellent-good rate 100%.NDI decreased from 17.13%± 8.00% preoperatively to 5.80%±2.43% at the latest follow-up,and its difference was significant (t=5.592,P=0.000).There was no significant difference in JOA (t=0.680,P=0.502),NIG (P=1.000) and NDI (t=0.146,P=0.885) between the two cohorts at the latest follow-up.Conclusion Both microscope and MMED could provide a clear and magnified field of view,which was beneficial for adequate decompression during the anterior cervical surgery to ensure better clinical results.Compare to the microscope,MMED has relatively narrow indications and steep learning curve,so the surgeon should select cases strictly.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613701

ABSTRACT

This article summarized the clinical experience of Professor WANG Meng-yong in treating chronic renal failure. The disease is mainly due to deficiency of lung, spleen, and kidney, and the Sanjiao dysfunction and water metabolism disorder of distribution, especially the spleen and kidney deficiency. Reinforcing pleen and kidney should be the basis in clinical syndromes; the superficial symptoms and root causes should be differentiated; the superficial symptoms should be treated if the patients have acute diseases; the root causes should be considered if the patients have chronic diseases; at the same time, the methods of tonifying qi and nourishing yin, protecting stomach qi, dredging intestines and descending turbid substance, invigorating the circulation of blood, and using diuretic of hydragogue to alleviate water retention should be applied, which can significantly improve symptoms of patients with chronic renal failure, delay the disease evolution process, and greatly improve life quality of patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611234

ABSTRACT

Objective To pay more attention to the adverse drug reactions caused by tigecycline. Methods Four cases in our hospital which happened acute or subacute liver failure after the uses of tigecycline were analyzed, including age, basic disease, drug combination,the time when liver function failure happen ,dosage of tigecycline and the course of treatment. Results The aged of four patients was 49-77 years old, the average age (67.5±12.79)years; the time when liver failure happened from 6 d to 20 d, the average(11.75±6.24) d; the course of treatment was 9 d to 23 d, the average(9.75±6.63) d; the total dose of tigecycline was 900 mg to 3650 mg, the average (1812.5±1243.23) mg.The four patients have many basic diseases, combined with many drugs, all of them have mechanical ventilation. Conclusion More attention should be paid to adverse events caused by tigecycline.

8.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 980-983, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610773

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of pain after lumbar fusion operation. Methods Patients underwent lumbar fusion surgery in the Department of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Tianjin Hospital from January 2016 to December 2016 were retrospective analyzed. They were divided into tDCS group and control group according to the postoperative analgesic strategies. Patients in tDCS group were given flurbiprofen injection combined with tDCS to control postoperative pain, and morphine was used if necessary. The control group was only given flurbiprofen injection combined with morphine analgesia to manage postoperative pain. The data of preoperative and postoperative pain visual analogue score (VAS), oswestry disability index (ODI), opioid analgesics usage and complications before and after operation were recorded. Results Forty-two patients were included in this study. There were 22 patients in tDCS group with the mean age (56.7±10.5) years, and 20 in control group with the mean age (60.3± 9.2) years. There were no significant differences in preoperative VAS and ODI scores between two groups. The VAS and ODI scores at postoperative 24 h and hospital discharge significantly improved in two groups compared with preoperative data. Data of postoperative 24 h VAS score (2.0 ± 1.7), VAS score (2.1 ± 0.9) and ODI score (20.9 ± 6.5) at hospital discharge were significantly lower in tDCS group than those in control group (3.3 ± 1.4, 2.9 ± 1.3 and 25.4 ± 5.3). The dosage of opioid medication use in controlling postoperative pain was reduced about 25% in tDCS group (P < 0.01). The complications reported in tDCS group included itching under the electrodes, pain, scorching hot and stinging. Conclusion The use of tDCS after lumbar fusion operation can decrease the pain sensation, reduce the usage of opioids, promote the rehabilitation and with no increasing the incidence of related complications, which has the potential probability to replace opioids for chronic pain.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 125-128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of anterior percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (APECD) and open-door laminoplasty (ODLP) through hybrid surgery in the treatment of multisegmental cervical stenosis and giant disc herniation. Methods This study involved 3 patients with multisegmental cervical stenosis and giant disc herniation confirmed by MRI. Among them, there were 2 males and 1 female, with ages from 56-61. All patients showed significant paresthesia or weakness, and were treated between September and November 2016. The surgery was performed by first the ODLP that made spinal cord back shift, and then APECD for the second step. The visual analog scale (VAS) and neck disability index (NDI) were assessed before and after operation. Results The VAS and NDI scores were improved two weeks after operation. No adverse events like spinal cord injury and vascular injury were found during the operation. After operation, no patients were found incision infection, hematoma formation, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, dysphagia, trachyphonia and so on. Conclusion The hybrid surgery of APECD and ODLP for the treatment of the multisegmental cervical stenosis and giant disc herniation can not only decompress the nerve safely and improve the function, but also preserve cervical intervertebral disc and motion segments, therefore delaying the degeneration of adjacent segments with clinical significance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513524

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy ofXing Nao Kai Qiao(brain-awakening orifice-opening) needling method plus Frenkel's balance rehabilitation exercise in treating lower-limb dysfunction due to different types of ataxia after stroke.MethodA total of 115 eligible patients were randomized into two groups. Fifty-seven cases in the treatment group were intervened by Xing Nao Kai Qiaoneedling plus rehabilitation training; 58 cases in the control group were intervened byXing Nao Kai Qiaoneedling method alone. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was adopted to evaluate the symptoms, balance function, and therapeutic efficacy before and after the treatment.Result In the treatment group, the markedly effective rate was respectively 72.2%, 83.3% and 61.1% in the cerebella subtype, brainstem subtype and basal ganglia subtype, and the total effectiverate was respectively 100.0%, 94.4% and 94.4%; in the control group, the markedly effective rate was respectively 21.1%, 35.0% and 58.8%, and the total effective rate was respectively 94.7%, 85.0% and 82.4%, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). After the treatment, the BBS score showed significant intra-group differences in both groups (P<0.01); the between-group comparisons showed that there were significant differences in comparing the scores of cerebella and brainstem subtypes after the treatment (P<0.05).ConclusionXing Nao Kai Qiaoneedling method plus Frenkel's rehabilitation exercise can effectively improve the symptoms of poststroke lower-limb ataxia, especially for cerebella and brainstem subtypes.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1655-1657,1661, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate risk factors that affect type 2 diabetic cardiac arrhythmia.Methods Clinical data of 292 diabetic patients who were performed examination of low limb vascular were analyzed retrospectively.Based on electrocardiogram,the patients were divided into cardiac arrhythmia group and non-cardiac arrhythmia group with case-control study,and the clinical data and evaluation indexes of lower extremity vascular disease were compared between two groups.Results Data comparison between two groups indicated age [(59 ± 14) years vs (54 ± 12) years],symptoms of low limbs [40.7% vs 29.0%] had statistical significance (P < 0.05).Glycosylated hemoglobin,hypertension history,results of color Doppler ultrasound for lower limbs artery,ankle-brachial index,toe-brachial index,transcutaneous oxygen pressure,heat-controlled laser Doppler between two groups had no statistical significance (P > 0.05).Age,gender,history of high blood pressure,symptoms of low limbs,and heat-controlled laser Doppler were analyzed with multiple logistic regression,which indicated that age was risk factor of type 2 diabetic arrhythmia.Conclusions Age is correlated with type 2 diabetic arrhythmia,and evaluation indexes of lower limb vascular disease have no significant correlation with type 2 diabetic arrhythmia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469198

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy of 308 nm excimer laser irradiation for the treatment of guinea pig model of vitiligo and its immunoregulatory effect on Treg cell and Th17 cell.Methods Vitiligo was induced in guinea pigs by hydroquinone bleaching,and they were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group.There was also a normal control group.The experimental group was treated with a 308 nm excimer laser at the nidus of vitiligo; the two control groups were given no intervention.After 8 weeks of treatment,leukasmus of the different groups were compared.The mRNA expression of Foxp3 and IL-17 were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative (RTFQ-PCR) and the expression of Foxp3 and IL-17 in the lesions were measured by immunohistochemistry staining.Results The effectiveness rate was 100% in the experiment group.The results of RTFQ-PCR showed that the mRNA expression of Foxp3 in the experimental group and the vitiligo control group was significantly higher than the healthy control group (all P < 0.05),being 0.33 ± 0.03 and 0.02 ±0.07 respectively,as was the mRNA expression of IL-17,being 0.21 ± 0.05 and 0.94 ± 0.06 accordingly; and the mRNA expression of IL-17 in the experimental group was significantly lower than the vitiligo control group(P < 0.05).The immunohistochemical staining showed that Foxp3 and IL-17 protein was scattered in the lesions of the experimental group,while they were crowded in those of the vitiligo control group.Conclusion Laser irradiation might contribute to a therapeutic effect on vitiligo through modulating the balance of Treg and Th17 cells,at least in guinea pigs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487949

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of comprehensive treatment in the treatment of knee osteoar-thritis by taking orally and external Chinese medicine with ozone injected the joint cavity.Methods 834 patients with knee osteoarthritis(1 212 knee joints)were randomly selected,after two courses of the comprehensive treatment,with excellent,good,fair and bad four levels to evaluate the therapeutic effect.Results After two courses of comprehensive treatment,534 cases were excellent,461 cases were good,181 cases were fair,36 cases were bad,the fine rate was 82.1%.Conclusion The comprehensive treatment is an effective method in knee osteoarthritis by taking orally and external Chinese medicine with ozone injected the joint cavity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 905-908, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470675

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (RLNU) combined with transurethral electric coagulation on upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC).Methods Sixty UUTUC patients were enrolled from Jun.2012 to Apr.2013.The prospective clinical controlled analysis method was adopted in this study.All patients were divided into test group and control group according to the order of admission.Thirty cases (test group) underwent RLNU combined with electric coagulation,and 30 cases (control group) underwent RLNU combined with electric resection.The differences in operation time,blood loss,hospital stay and tumor recurrence rate between the 2 groups were compared.Results All the 60 operations for UUTUC were successful without conversion to open surgery.No intraoperative complications such as great vessels or surrounding organs damage occurred.There were 2 cases loss to follow-up in test group and 3 cases in control group.There were no significant differences in operation time,blood loss,follow-up time,tumor stage and tumor grade between the 2 groups.The hospital stay in the test group was shorter (5.5±2.0 d versus 7.1±2.2 d),the tumor recurrence rate was lower [4% (1/28) versus 30% (8/27)],and the differences were significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Compared with RLNU combined with transurethral electric resection,RLNU combined with electric coagulation has advantages of shorter hospital stay and lower tumor recurrence rate.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 227-237, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329732

ABSTRACT

Non-Camellia tea is a part of the colorful Chinese tea culture, and is also widely used as beverage and medicine in folk for disease prevention and treatment. In this study, 37 samples were collected, including 33 kinds of non-Camellia teas and 4 kinds of teas (Camellia). Traditional functions of non-Camellia teas were investigated. Furthermore, non-Camellia teas of original plants were characterized and identified by molecular methods. Four candidate regions (rbcL, matK, ITS2, psbA-trnH) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the first time to discriminate the commercial non-Camellia tea and their adulterants, and to evaluate their safety. This study showed that BLASTN and the relevant phylogenetic tree are efficient tools for identification of the commercial non-Camellia tea and their adulterants. However, some sequences from original plants have not been found and there is a limitation of sequence number of original plants in GenBank. Submitting more original plant sequences to the GenBank will be helpful for evaluating the safety of non-Camellia teas.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 784-787, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442095

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the relationship of fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1),mitogen activated protein kinase-1 (MAPK-1) and CD34 expressions with clinicopathological findings in lesions of psoriasis vulgaris.Methods Skin specimens were collected from 30 patients with psoriasis vulgaris,whose general information and clinical findings were recorded.The protein expressions of FGF-1,MAPK-1 and CD34 in these specimens were detected by tissue chip technology and immunohistochemistry,and the mRNA expression of FGF-1 by reverse transcription-PCR.The correlations of FGF-1 protein expression with patients' gender,age,clinical stage,psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score,angiogenesis and abnormal epidermal proliferation were statistically analyzed.Results The protein and mRNA expressions of FGF-1 were significantly higher in the lesions than in the control skin (both P < 0.05).The protein expressions of CD34 and MAPK-1 were significantly increased,and positively associated with the protein expression of FGF-1 in psoriatic lesions.The up-regulation of FGF-1 protein was unrelated to the age or gender of patients,but associated with clinical stage and PASI score.The proportion of patients with increased FGF-1 expression was significantly larger in patients at active stage and with high PSAI score than in those at quiescent stage and with low PSAI score (P < 0.05).Conclusions In psoriasis vulgaris,FGF-1 may participate in the abnormal epidermal proliferation and vascular dysplasia in dermal papilla,and the upregulation of FGF-1 appears to be associated with the progression of disease and aggravation of lesions.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of metformin on the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 in rat liver of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and discuss the pathogenesis of T2DM with NAFLD, and the treatment with and possible mechanism of metformin.Methods:Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (group NC, n=12), a T2DM with NAFLD group (group MC, n=12), and a metformin group (group A, n=12). We established the model of T2DM with NAFLD rats by feeding high-fat and high-sugar diet and injecting STZ. After the success establishment of the model, the metformin group was given metformin 300 mg/(kg.d) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, we measured FBG, ALT, AST, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL, FFAs, FINs and HOMA-IR respectively in group NC, MC and A. We observed the change of liver tissue pathology by HE, determined the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2 in rat liver by immunohistochemical method and real-time quantitative method. Results:FBG, ALT, AST, TC, TG, LDL-C, VLDL, FFAs, FINs and HOMA-IR were higher in group MC than in group NC (P Conclusion:The expression of SIRT1 is low and the expression of UCP2 is high in rat liver of T2DM with NAFLD. Metformin can increase the expression of SIRT1 and reduce the expression of UCP2, with negative correlation between the expression of SIRT1 and UCP2.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438226

ABSTRACT

Dysphagia is a common problem in cerebrovascular diseases such as intracerebral hemorrhage , cere-bral infarction and so on . When food or liquid passes through the larynx , it may cause intensively bucking . Nowadays there are no specific drugs , but the swallowing function will progress after acupuncture and rehabili-tation therapy . We searched and analyzed articles on acupuncture and rehabilitation therapy in the treatment of post-stroke dysphagia in recent three years . It showed that both of them were effective for the swallowing function of patients. The combination of both therapies receives better effects. However, there are still argu-ments in the clinical using opportunity of acupuncture and rehabilitation therapy for the treatment . There are so many methods in the treatment of this disease by acupuncture. Hence, there are no efficient contrasts or standard therapies. In the future, the clinical practice should pay more attention to the therapy of high quality and optimization in order to promote its clinical application .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234695

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the biological safety of collagen-based bone repairing material, we implanted the sample or reference substance into rats, and observed relative signs, including the specific inspection targets in animals, blood examination, analysis of immune organ, the pathological examination of organs and tissues, NK cell killing activity assay, lymphocyte group analysis, serum IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha detection, detection of immune globulin. Meanwhile, we set control group, sham group, and immunosuppression group. The final results showed that there was no abnormal mental state before and after the experiment. Compared with the control group, the tested group indicated no significant difference in blood test, immune organ analysis, the pathological examination of organs and tissues, NK cell killing activity assay, lymphocyte subset analysis serum IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alphadetection, and detection of immune globulin. Collagen-based bone repairing material produced a slight and transient stimulation on the rats, but created no significant inflammatory responses.


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Bone Matrix , Physiology , Transplantation , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Collagen , Chemistry , Implants, Experimental , Materials Testing , Prostheses and Implants , Rats
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of combined modality therapy for advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma in order to improve the curative effect of hypopharyngeal carcinoma.@*METHOD@#Seventy-six male patients with the stage III - IV hypopharyngeal carcinoma were treated with postoperative combined modality. Of all the 76 cases, 44 were treated with postoperative radiotherapy, and the other 32 treated with chemoradiotherapy concurrently.@*RESULT@#Kaplan Meier analysis indicated that the overall 5 survival rates of patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy was 25.9%, and that of patients treated with postoperative chemoradiotherapy was 27.8%. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Three and five years relapse-free survival rates of the patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy were 36.0%, 22.5%, and those of the patients treated with postoperative chemoradiotherapy were 68.0%, 45.3%. Significant difference was calculated between the two groups (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma, postoperative chemoradiotherapy yielded satisfactory relapse free survival and laryngeal function preservation rate which was superior to that of postoperative radiotherapy. Also the treatment toxicities were not increased.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mortality , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Chemoradiotherapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Survival Rate
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