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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 138-151, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771295

ABSTRACT

As a promising candidate seed cell type in regenerative medicine, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted considerable attention. The unique capacity of MSCs to exert a regulatory effect on immunity in an autologous/allergenic manner makes them an attractive therapeutic cell type for immune disorders. In this review, we discussed the current knowledge of and advances in MSCs, including its basic biological properties, i.e., multilineage differentiation, secretome, and immunomodulation. Specifically, on the basis of our previous work, we proposed three new concepts of MSCs, i.e., "subtotipotent stem cell" hypothesis, MSC system, and "Yin and Yang" balance of MSC regulation, which may bring new insights into our understanding of MSCs. Furthermore, we analyzed data from the Clinical Trials database ( http://clinicaltrials.gov ) on registered clinical trials using MSCs to treat a variety of immune diseases, such as graft-versus-host disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis. In addition, we highlighted MSC clinical trials in China and discussed the challenges and future directions in the field of MSC clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Immune System Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Regenerative Medicine
2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1079-1082, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697148

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in intensive care units, and provide evidence for corresponding clinical decisions. Methods A case-control study was carried out:224 VTE patients admitted to the ICUs of tertiary hospitals in Kunshan from Nov. 2011 to Nov. 2016 were included in the case group, and 224 non-VTE patients admitted during the same period were randomly selected as the control. The patients' medical history, laboratory tests, prophylaxis and treatment of VTE, and other relevant data were retrieved. Logistic aggression analysis was utilized to identify the influencing factors of VTE in hospitalized critically ill patients. Results The univariate analysis showed that gender, age, hypertension, smoking, D-dimer, Caprini scaling, prophylaxis and treatment of VTE were associated with VTE. The multivariate analysis indicated that except hypertension, the other varieties were independent influencing factors of VTE in hospitalized critically ill patients:female ( OR=1.68, 95%CI:1.09-2.61, P=0.02), higher age(OR=1.03, 95%CI:1.01-1.04, P<0.01), smoking(OR=6.82, 95%CI:1.70-27.46, P=0.007), smoking(OR=6.82, 95%CI:1.70-27.46, P=0.007), D-dimer(OR=0.94, 95%CI:0.92-0.96, P<0.01), higher Caprini scaling(OR=1.80, 95%CI:1.33-2.44, P<0.01), prophylaxis and treatment of VTE(OR=0.34, 95%CI:0.15-0.79, P=0.01). Conclusions Those ICU patients who are female, elder, with smoking history, have higher test value of D-dimer should be screened and assessed for VTE, and those with higher Caprini scaling should be given closer attention, and receive corresponding prophylaxis and treatment to reduce the formation of VTE and its damage.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3739-3741, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663282

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of silicone dressings spray (Unitrump) or silicone dressings paster(Mepiform) on facial incision after surgical operation.Methods 96 cases of facial incision after surgical operation were randomly divided into Unitrump group,Mepiform group and control group according to the digital table,32 cases in each group.The.clinical effects were evaluated according to scar property and subjective symptoms in patients after 1 month and 3 months.Results The effective rate of the Unitrump group was 53.13% after 1 month,90.63% after 3 months.The effective rate of the Mepiform group was 56.25% after 1 month,87.50% after 3 months.The effective rates of the Unitrump group and Mepiform group were higher than that of the control group,the differences were statistically significant (x2 =6.667,7.943,all P < 0.05).The difference between the Unitrump group and Mepiform group was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion Silicone dressings spray and silicone dressings paster facial are effective on after facial surgery with incision repair,with no obvious adverse reaction.Silicone dressings spray is more convenient to use.

4.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 335-340, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of ZEB1 (Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1) gene knockdown on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs).Methods Primary mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from human adipose tissue by collagenase digestion and identified by immunological phenotype and differentiation potential of osteogenic and adipogenic lineages .The siRNA was trans-fected into hADSCs by lipofectamine 2000 .The expression of ZEB 1 and key proliferation , cell cycle and apoptosis-related genes were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot at mRNA and protein level respectively .The cell proliferation capacity was assessed by MTS .The apoptosis and cell cycle of hADSCs were evaluated by flow cytome-try.Results The ZEB1 expression at mRNA and protein level was significantly decreased in si-ZEB1 transfection cells as compared to transfection with si-NC.Inhibition of ZEB1 decreased the cell proliferation ability , and signifi-cantly inhibited the expression of cell proliferation related genes, including CCND1, MKI67, MYC and PCNA.After transfection with si-ZEB1 , the percentage of cells in G1 phase increased from 50.17% to 58.94%, and S phase and G2 phase decreased by 6.16% and 2.07% separately.Meanwhile, the apoptosis rate increased by 10.2%, the expression of apoptosis related genes TP53 and BAX was up-regulated , and the expression of anti-ap-optotic genes MCL1 and BCL2 was down-regulated in si-ZEB1 transfection cells as compared to transfection with si-NC.Conclusions ZEB1 may play an important role in promoting hADSCs proliferation , cell cycle progression and inhibit their apoptosis .

5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 802-807, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612306

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of exosomes extracted from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells(hAMSCs) on traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its possible mechanism.Methods Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) were isolated from healthy human adipose tissue and the exosomes were extracted by ultrafiltration.Rats were divided into four groups: sham group, PBS control group, MSCs treatment group and exosomes treatment group.24 h After TBI, the treatment group was locally injected along the lesion area, 30 μL of PBS, 2×105 MSC, 25 μg protein of exosomes respectively, the total volume was 30 μL.We performed the Modified Neurological Severity Score(mNSS) and the forelimb Foot-Fault Test in all rats before injury and at 1, 3, 7, 10, 13, 16, 21 and 30 days after TBI.The rats were sacrificed at 3 and 7 days after TBI respectively,total RNA was extracted from rat brain tissue.The expression of TNF-α and IL-1β were detected by quantitative PCR.The rats were also killed at 30 days after TBI for testing the neuronal apoptosis in lesion area by tunel-neun double imm-unofluorescence.Results Exosomes treatment significantly promotes the recovery of neurological deficits caused by TBI,and the therapeutic effect is similar to MSCs, its possible mechanism may be the inhibition of the acute inflammation and the reducing of the neurons apoptosis after TBI.Conclusions Exosomes extracted from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cellshas promoted neurological functionrecovery after traumatic brain injury, which will provide a new and safer TBI treatment for clinical practice.

6.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 975-981, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612009

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To study the differences of the biological characteristics and immune regulation function of adipose mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs)from psoriasis patients and healthy people.Methods AMSCs were isolated and cultured from human psoriatic and healthy adipose tissue,the phenotypes and cell cycle of AMSCs taken from three generation were detected by flow eytometry.Alkaline phosphate enzyme staining and oil red o staining were used respectively to identify their adipogenic and osteogenic capacity.Next,the levels of inflammation antimicrobial proinflammatory factor were detected by PCR and ELISA.Then gene expression profile of AMSCs were screen by gene expression profile chip,as so to bolting the the gene array related with immunology gene.Results There was no significant change in cell morphology,and cell surface markers were expressed high for CD29,CD44,CD73,while lower for CD31,CD45 and HLA-DR.AMSCs of psoriasis patients and healthy people both had the ability of adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation.But the cell cycle showed the third generation AMSCs proliferation rates were slower than that of normal control,as compared with healthy controls,adipogenic differentiation ability was stronger.What'more,the level of inflammatory cytokines in psoriasis group was lower than that in controls such asIL-10,IDO,TGF-β,on the contrary the levels of proinflammatory factor in psoriasis group were higher than that in controls,such as TNF-α,IFN-γ.In addition,gene chip results suggested that psoriasis group AMSCs had obvious expression differences on JAK-STAT pathway with healthy controls.Conclusions Compared with the control,there are significant differences in patients AMSCs proliferation and adipogenic differentiation ability,immune inflammation suppression control ability is weaken,this phenomenon may be associated with JAK-STAT immune pathways related to downgrade.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2039-2046, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479521

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To observe the treatment effect and its immune regulation of human amnion epithelial cells ( hAECs) on Alzheimer’ s disease ( AD)-like pathology rat model.METHODS: The hAECs were isolated from amnion with trypsin digestion, and the phenotype of hAECs was analyzed by flow cytometry.SD rats ( n=48) were randomly divid-ed into sham control group, model group, medium group and hAECs group.AD-like pathology rat model was induced by bilateral intraventricular injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS).hAECs (5 ×105) were injected into the hippocampus of the AD-like pathology rats.At 2 weeks after transplantation, the animals were tested by Morris water maze to observe the function of learning and memory.The pathological change of the brain was observed by HE staining.The expression of am-yloid β-protein 42 (Aβ42) and Tau protein and the level of acetylcholine (ACh) in the injury brain were determined by immunohistochemistry.The survival and differentiation of hAECs in the hippocampus were measured by immunofluorescent technique.The percentages of lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells were analyzed by flow cytome-try.The contents of serum cytokines were detected by cytometric bead array.RESULTS:Compared with model group and medium group, hAECs group showed shortened escape latency ( P<0.01) , increased frequency of going through the plat-form (P<0.05), reduced loss of hippocampal neurons, decreased expression of Tau protein and Aβ42 in the hippocampus (P<0.05), increased ACh level in the hippocampus (P<0.05), decreased percentages of Th1 and Th17 subsets, in-creased percentages of Th2 and Treg cells ( P<0.05) , decreased concentrations of IFN-γand IL-2 in the serum, and in-creased concentration of IL-4 ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION: hAECs improve the cognitive learning and memory function and alleviate pathologic damage of hippocampus through immune regulation in AD-like pathology rats.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 726-729, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466170

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the growth and exocrine function of BM-MSC derived from PBC patients.Methods To compare the growth patterns and cytokines secretions between PBC patients and healthy controls by student's t test.Results ① There was no difference in growth profile and speed between PBC patients and healthy controls.② The level of TGF-β1 was much lower in the supernatant of BM-MS from OBC patients than health controls [(2.6±1.9)vs (8.2±6.7)ng/ml,t=-3.641,P=0.001].There were no other differences between two groups' BM-MSC.③ The super natant concentration of interlukin-10 of the third BM-MSC subculture from healthy controls was lower than that of the primary subculture [(18.5±5.0) vs (12.4±3.1) pg/ml,t=2.368,P=0.045],and that of hepatic growth factor from the second subcuhure was higher than the primary subculture [(0.21±0.07) vs (0.35±0.08) ng/ml,t=-2.874,P=0.021].There were seldom discrepancies in other cytokines between different generations of BM-MSC.Conclusion BM-MSC from PBC patients may have almost the similar characters in growth pattern and cytokines secretion as,except the TGF-β1,which was much lower than those from healthy controls.The second subculture of BM-MSC might be more suitable for the treatment to patients with PBC.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1585-1590, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444067

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Now in mammary stem cellresearch, no proper mammary stem cellmedium is provided to culture mammary stem cells. OBJECTIVE:To create a mammary stem cellmedium and validate its application by isolating Sca-1+mammary stem cells. METHODS:We first used BM medium to culture mammary organoids, and after 6 days, the expression of Sca-1 and vimentin was detected in fibroblasts by immunofluoresence method. Then, we established MaECM medium which arrested fibroblasts growth. After 6 days culture of mammary organoids by MaECM medium, Sca-1+and Sca-1-cellpopulations were sorted out by magnetic sorting and the purity was analyzed by flow cytometry. Sorted 1×104 Sca-1+or Sca-1-cells were transplanted into the bilateral mammary fat pads of four mice, and after 6-8 weeks, the fat pads were harvested for whole-mount immunohistochemical analysis and hematoxylin-eosin staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After 6 days culture of mammary organoids under BM medium, smal-sized colonies were generated around lots of fibroblasts. Immunofluoresence staining detected strong expression of vimentin and Sca-1 in fibroblasts, indicating that the BM medium is not suitable to isolate Sca-1+mammary stem cell. The MaECM medium promoted the proliferation of mammary epithelial cells whereas arrested fibroblasts growth. After 6 days culture of mammary organoids under MaECM medium and magnetic sorting, the flow cytometry showed that the purity of Sca-1+cellreached 92%and 5%in the Sca-1+and Sca-1-population, respectively. The results from transplantation test showed that six mammary outgrowths were regenerated out of eight injected fat pads in the Sca-1+cells transplantation, but in the Sca-1-transplantation population, one mouse died and the other transplants failed to produce outgrowths. We developed the MaECM medium which promoted the proliferation of mammary epithelial cells whereas arrested Sca-1+fibroblasts growth. Using the medium, we confirmed that Sca-1+mammary cells have capacity of isolating mammary stem cells.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 55-60, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443357

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the therapeutic effect and immunologic regulation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) in rats with experimental type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Methods The hAMSCs from human amnion were isolated and cultured in vitro,then phenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry.T1DM were produced by administering streptozocin to rats.The rats were divided into normal control group (n =6),T1 DM model group (n =6),medium treated group (n =6),hAMSCs transplanted group(n =6),and insulin treated group(n =6).5 × 106of hAMSCs or vehicle were administered to rats via sublingual vein.Blood glucose levels of rats were recorded weekly in the groups for six weeks by Blood Sugar Meter.At the end of 6 weeks after hAMSCs transplantation,concentrations of plasma insulin were detected by ELISA; histopathological changes of pancreas,surviwl and differentiation of transplanted hAMSCs in pancreatic tissue were studied with HE staining,and immunofluorescence staining; percentages of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were determined by flow cytometry ; concentrations of plasma cytokines were determined by cytometric bead array.Results After hAMSCs transplantation,blood glucose levels in rats with T1DM were decreased (P < 0.01),while concentrations of plasma insulin were increased significantly (P<0.01).At 6 weeks,cell-treated animals showed an improvement in pancreas damage ; the percentages of CD4 + IFN-γ+ (Th 1) and C D4 + interleukin (IL)-17 + (Th 17) cells were reduced (all P<0.05),while the percentages of FoxP3-positive regulatory T cells (FoxP3 +Treg) and CD4+ IL-4+(Th2) cells were increased (all P<0.01) ; plasma concentrations of interferon-γ,IL-2,and tumor necrosis factor-αwere decreased (all P<0.01),but IL-4 level was increased (P<0.05).No histological evidence of insulin producing cells from hAMSCs was seen within pancreas.Conclusions hAMSCs may reduce blood glucose and alleviate the islet damage in rats with T1 DM,which is related to their potential to up-regulate FoxP3 +Treg cells.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 959-962, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420756

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of ghrelin on predicting prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) after hospital discharge.Methods Totally 145 patients withCHF (age≥60 years,83 males and 62 females) were divided into 3 subgroups by New York Heart Association classification (NYHA):class Ⅱ (n=48),class Ⅲ(n=57) and class Ⅳ(n =40).According to the basic diseases,the CHF group was divided into five subgroups.All patients were followed up for about 2 years.The study included 55 healthy control subjects (30 males and 25 females).Results Plasma ghrelin level was lower in CHF cases (1.66±0.28) μg/L than in control subjects (2.27±0.26) μg/L (t 3.77,P<0.01).The ghrelin level in NYHA Ⅱ(1.85±0.13) μg/L were higher than in NYHA Ⅲ (1.56±0.28) μg/L,the latter were higher than in NYHA Ⅳ (1.27±0.24) μg/L (P<0.05).The plasma ghrelin level of patients after treatment (1.98±0.25) μg/L was increased compared with that of before treatment (1.66±0.28) μg/L (P<0.05).No significant difference was found among the five basic disease groups (P>0.05).During the follow up periods of (637±97)days,plasma ghrelin level was decreased in patients with cardiovascular event (1.26±0.38) μg/L than in patients without cardiovascular event (1.86±0.34) μg/L.The plasma ghrelin was negatively correlated with left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (P<0.05).Conclusions The plasma ghrelin in elderly patients with CHF is decreased than in healthy adults,and its level is lower in patients with severe heart failure.The plasma ghrelin is a predictor of cardiovascular event and death in elderly patients with CHF.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1013-1016, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417488

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the potential of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into insulin secreting cells in vitro.MethodsThe hAD-MSCs were isolated from human amnion by trypsin-collagenase digestion.The phenotype of the isolated cells was identified by flow cytometry and immunocytochemical staining.The 3rd generation cells were inoculated at density of 2.5 × 106 unit/ml or 5 × 105 unit/ml in 6 well plates or preset coverslip 24 well plates.Induced groups were treated in serum-free HG-DMEM with 10 mmol/L nicotinamide and N2 supplement.The cells in the non-induced groups were incubated in LG-DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum.At days 7,14 and 21 after induction,insulin and β2 microglobulin was determined by immunocytochemical stain,the content of insulin in the culture supernatant was assayed by radioimmunoassay,and insulin mRNA and PDX-1 mRNA were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.Results( 1 ) The hAD-MSCs highly expressed CD29,CD44,CD73,CD166,and vimentin.( 2 ) At 7,14,and 21 days,the percentages of insulin-positive cells in hAD-MSCs induced groups were 74.67% ± 1.53%,75.00%:1.00%,and 74.33% ±1.53%,respectively.Contents of insulin in the supematant of hAD-MSCs induced groups were ( 331.62 ± 1.76 ),( 330.50 ± 1.22 ),and ( 331.65 ± 0.48 ) μIU/ml,respectively,but non-induced groups were negative.(3) PDX-1 mRNA and PDX-1 protein were expressed before and after the induction of hADMSCs,but insulin mRNA was expressed only in the induced groups.( 4 ) Both hAD-MSCs induced groups and non-induced groups expressed β2 microglobulin ( all P > 0.05 ).ConclusionThe hAD-MSCs have a potential of differentiating into ISCs and thus may become a new cell source of therapy for type 1 diabetes.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 454-458, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440610

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of different approaches of stem cell therapy in patients with leukemia on haptoglobin(Hp).Methods The trial includes four patients treated by mesenchymal stem cell(MSC)with hematopoietic stem cell cotransplantation(HSCT)and two patients treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT).Haptoglobin in the plasma,collected from different therapeutic stages,of six patients was separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis(2-DE),and then followed by the identification with MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry.Results The abundance of haptoglobin alpha and beta chains with different modifications decreased along with an extending therapeutic time window.This tendency was more significant in HSCT group.Conclusion The haptoglobin may be a potential biomarker for the prognosis in patients with leukemia treated by stem cell transplantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1058-1063, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immunoloregulation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is commonly approved. Previous studies have confirmed the ability of Flk-1~+ bone marrow MSCs (BMSCs) to inhibit T/B lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of Flk-1~+ BMSCs in collagen-induced arthritis mice.METHODS: A total of 18 healthy male DBA-1(H-2K~q) mice aged 10 weeks were randomly divided into 3 groups. All the mice were injected at the base of the tail with bovine type II collagen (CII), and received a booster injection of CII on day 21 to establish the CIA mice model. DBA-1(H-2K~q)mouse Flk-1~+ BMSCs were isolated in vitro by the density gradient centrifugation and adherence screening. Following initial immunity, mice in the cell transplantation group were infused with Flk-1~+ BMSCs (1-2)×106 cells/mouse via the caudal vein. Mice in the cell transplantation group were injected with the same volume of Flk-1~+ BMSCs during booster. Mice in the model control group were injected with an equal volume of saline 0 or 21 days following initial immunity. Following initial immunity and booster immunization, claw pad thickening and clinical score were observed, changes of joint pathology and dynamic changes in serum factor mass concentration were determined in mice. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the model control group, no significant difference in claw pad thickening and mean clinical score was detected in the cell transplantation group following initial immunity (P > 0.05), with the presence of obvious damage to synovial membrane and inflammatory cell infiltration. Mass concentration of each serum cell factor was similar. The claw pad was significantly thickened (P < 0.01), mean clinical score reached 3.35 points, with severe damage to synovial membrane, proliferation of blood capillary in the cell transplantation group following booster immunization. Interleukin-6 levels were greatly increased at day 28 following initial immunity (P < 0.1), but decreased at day 35 following initial immunity (P < 0.1). Results indicated that in the collagen-induced arthritis mouse models, Flk-1~+ BMSC transplantation did not obtain prospective therapeutic efficacy, but aggravation of arthritis was observed in the cell transplantation group following booster immunization. Upregulation of interleukin-6 concentration could aggravate the behavior symptom of rheumatoid arthritis mice.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1885-1891, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402691

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The immunomodulatory ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)gives it a promising future in treating graft-versus-host disease(GVHD),especially with previous success in treating patients with acute GVHD.However,there are fewer reports concerning BMSCs in treating chronic GVHD,particularly for sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease(ScGVHD).OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of treatment of BMSCs for ScGVHD,and to primarily explore the immunological mechanism of clinical efficacy.METHODS:Four ScGVHD patients at the Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medicine Science,between September 2006 and August 2008,were enrolled for this trial.The median patient age was 41 years,1 female and 3 male.The patients received BMSCs infusion at a dose of(1.0~2.0)×10~7 cells every time by intrabone marrow injection from the anterosuperior iliac spine and BMSCs from the same donor for the same patient were infused more than once.Concomitant medications for ScGVHD were individualized for each patient,but all were current standard medicines and the doses were significantly tapered.RESULTS AND CONCLUTION:After BMSCs infusion,the ratio of Th1 to Th2 was dramatically overturned,with an increase of Th1 and a decrease of Th2 reaching at a new balance.Correspondingly,symptoms of all the four patients gradually improved.During the course of BMSCs treatment,the life signs and laboratory results from the recipients remained normal.By the time of this report,there has been no recurrence of leukemia in the four patients.Although this study alone cannot guarantee the application of BMSCs in ScGVHD,the results are strongly in favor of the idea that the BMSCs treatment for ScGVHD patients is therapeutically practical without any detectable side effects,which may provide a new insight into the matter of treating ScGVHD clinically,thus will greatly increase the survival rate of leukemia after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1711-1715, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)is strictly regulated by both genetic and epigenetic Factors .Emerging evidences have demonstrated that microRNA also plays an important role in this process.OBJECTIVE:To explore the differential expression of microRNA-125b during neuronal dliferentiation of Flk1~+ adipose-derived MSCs(AD-MSCs).MATERIALS:The fat samples were provided bv healthy female volunteers aged 15-35 years and recruited from the Plastic Surgery Hospital affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.METHODS:Adult adipose tissues were obtained from healthy voluntears with age of 15-35 years .Using adherence method,Flk1~+ MSCs were obtained and the 3~(rd) passage cells were taken in the experiment.Cultured in neuronalinduction medium.these MSC were induced to differentiate towards neuronal lineage.The expression of microRNA-125b was examined at days 0,4,8 and 12.To explore its role in neuronal differentiation,we need to change its expression.RT-PCR and Taqman real-time PCR were carried out to explore the difierentially expression of microRNA-125b during neuronal differentiation of AD-MSCs.The effect of inhibitor on the expression of microRNA-125b was detected.RESULTS AND CONCLUTION:①The Flk-1~+MSCs were successfully induced into neuronal differentiation and displayed typical morphological changes 12 days after induction:Most cells retracted their cytoplasm ,fomling spherical cell body and emitted cellular protrusions.RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry studies confirmed their phenotype with expression of known neuronal cell markers including neurofilament,glial fibrillary acidic protein.②The expression of microRNA-125b was significant up-regulated during neuronal differentiation .Results of RT-PCR and Taqman real-time PCR were concordarlce with that of microRNA chip technology.③Inhibitor could down-regulate microRNA-125b.The results implied that microRNA-125b may play an important role in neuronal differentiation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 23-25, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391356

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical management of women with atypital squamous cells(ASC).Methods During Sep 2003 to Sep 2008,a totle of 956 women in our department were diagnosed with ASC by cytological test,they were further biopsied under the colposcope.The result of TCT,colposcopic test,biopsy and the highrisk factor were recorded and analysed;the based the biopsy were analyzed by the X~2-test;the high-risk factors and the odds Ratio(OR) were counted by SPSS10.0.Results Among the women with ASC,the rate of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) diagnosed by the biopsy under the colposcope was 50.7% ,the rate of the high-grade lesion over CINII Was 13.3% ;if the colposcopic test were low-grade lesion,the rate of the cases which biopsys were the highgrade lesion over CINII,was 8.3% ;the high-risk factors which caused the cervical high-grade lesion were the number of sex-partners over 3,the age less than 20 yearold when the sex were made,the cervical erosion,the result of TCT with ASC-H.Conclusion Among the women with ASC,the biopsy shows multiformity;the rate of CIN and the highgrade lesion is also high;if TCT is ASC,the colposcopie test is advised;if the woman who has the high-risk factors,biopsy is advised.

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 764-765, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388875

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesTo discuss the value of the three kinds of surgical management to treat high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. MethodsThe study was conducted on 136 patients who underwent LEEP、CKC 、hysterectomy ,to compare the change of the postoperative biopsy result,the rate of cure and pregnancy. ResultAmong the postoperative biopsy result,66. 4% was consitent with pretreating histopathology,but 3.6% was upgrade,30.0% was downgrade; there were no statistical difference in the rate of cure of the three kinds of surgical management and in the rate of pregnancy of the two kinds of conization. ConclusionThe three kinds of surgical management to treat high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were effective,while LEEP was the best way.

19.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1-3, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386460

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical value of the "three-step" diagnostic routine in the diagnosis of cervical high-grade lesions. Method The women with the abnormal thinprep cytology test (TCT) underwent colposcopy and biopsy,the pathobiology result was the diagnostic standard. The sensitivity and specificity of the cervical high-grade lesions was calculated. Results The identify rate of the cervical high-grade lesions from the abnormal TCT was 22.3% (340/1524), the sensitivity was 27.1% (92/340), the specificity was 97.5% (1154/1184). The sensitivity of colposcopy was 47.9% (163/340), the specificity of colposcopy was 96.4% (1141/1184). Conclusion TCT with high sensitivity is used for preliminary screening, the colposcopic examination is used to pinpoint and evaluate the lesions,the detection rate and accuracy of cervical high-grade lesions can be improved.

20.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 100-102, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441327

ABSTRACT

Many tumorigenesis in human are closely linked to the functional loss of P53. The tumor-suppressive functions of P53 are abrogated by mutations, but in 50% of all tumors it remains wild type. In these cases, loss of P53 tumor-suppressive function mainly results from the abnormal methylation of 5' CpG islands of tumor suppressor genes such as INK4a, ARF and ASPP. Restoring to normal methylation state of these genes might provide a new strategy for tumor therapy.

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