Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1799-1804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825038

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the articles on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), an important method for minimally invasive treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases, published worldwide, and to investigate the status, hotspots, and development trends in this field. MethodsThe web of science core collection database in Web of Science platform was selected to search by the subject words “TS = (Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde)”, for the articles published from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019, and the literature type was selected as “article”. CiteSpace 5.6.R2 (64-bit) was used to analyze the authors, key words, institutions, countries (regions), and references and plot visualized maps. ResultsA total of 1535 articles on ERCP were included. The analysis showed that Hiroyuki Isayama had the highest number of published articles, followed by Yousuke Nakai and Takeshi Ogura, and University of Tokyo had the highest number of published articles, followed by Shanghai Jiao Tong University and University of Ulsan College of Medicine. Moreover, the US, Japan, and China were the top three countries from the aspect of the number of published articles in the recent 5 years, and ERCP, complication, and risk factor were the key words with the highest frequency in the recent 5 years. The most frequently cited articles mainly focused on the complications of ERCP and related consensus or guidelines. ConclusionThe main research hotspots and trends in the field of ERCP are related factors and clinical prevention of ERCP-related complications.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607890

ABSTRACT

Background:Esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is relatively uncommon in clinical,however,it can be life-threatening in severe cases. Thus,retrospective analysis of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage could provide important evidence for its diagnosis and treatment. Aims:To analyze the clinical characteristics of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage. Methods:A total of 175 cases of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage from January 2006 to December 2016 at Daping Hospital were enrolled. Gender,age,cause of bleeding,location of bleeding,season of onset,treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results:The ratio of male to female was 3. 5: 1 in 175 patients with esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage,73. 1% of patients were middle-aged and elderly. The main cause of bleeding of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage were cardiac mucosal laceration syndrome (46. 9%),esophageal cancer (23. 4%),esophageal ulcer (12. 6%)and esophageal foreign body (12. 0%). The most common site of bleeding was lower esophagus (70. 9%). Fifty-one patients accepted endoscopic treatment or surgery. After treatment,142 patients (81. 1%)were cured or improved,and death was occurred in 27 patients (15. 4%). Conclusions:The incidence of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is higher in male than in female,and is commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly patients. The most common cause of bleeding of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is cardiac mucosal laceration syndrome,and the most common site of bleeding is lower esophagus. Medicine combined with endoscopic treatment is effective for most of the patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621496

ABSTRACT

Objective Retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with delayed bleeding after colorectal polypectomy,summarized the risk factors and treatment methods of bleeding patients,and provided the basis for further prevention and treatment of postoperative delayed bleeding.Methods Collected the clinical data of 1 243 patients who were admitted into the department of gastroenterology of third affiliated hospital of the third military medical university and accepted polypectomy with colonoscopy from January 2014 to December 2016.Divided these patients into the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group according to whether there was delayed bleeding after surgery.The age,size of polypus,location of polypus,postoperative pathology of the two groups were compared and the postoperative treatment of bleeding was evaluated.Results Among the 1 243 patients underwent colorectal polypectomy,there were 14 cases of delayed bleeding,and the incidence was 1.13%.In the bleeding group,there was 1 case of secondary delayed bleeding and 2 cases of bloody stool after hemostasis for the delayed bleeding.Delayed bleeding occurred at (4.73±2.49)days after surgery.The predilection site of of polypus was rectum in the bleeding group (7/14,50%), and the diameter of polypus was (16.65±4.91)mm in the bleeding group,which was lager than (8.07±4.23)mm in the non-bleeding group with statistical difference (P<0.05).The proportion of hypertensive and diabetic patients in the bleeding group was significantly higher than that in the non-bleeding group (P<0.05).Juvenile polyps and tubular adenoma with high grade intraepithelial neoplasia were more common in the bleeding group(P<0.05).The bleeding group achieved good hemostatic effect by purse suture,hemostatic clip,electrocautery or injection hemostasis.Conclusion Older age,hypertension and diabetes,lager size of polypus,rectum polypus,juvenile polyps and tubular adenoma with high grade intraepithelial neoplasia were risk factor for delayed bleeding.In the event of delayed bleeding,different choice of purse suture,hemostatic clip,electrocautery or injection hemostasis according to different wounds can achieve the desired effect.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 462-465, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612055

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characters,treatment and prognosis of gastrointestinal Dieulafoy lesion in China.Methods Dieulafoy was used as search term,the literatures about Chinese patients with Dieulafoy lesions from January 1998 to October 2016 were retrieved in the Chinese literature library including China National Knowledge Infrastructure,VIP network,Wanfang database and China Biology Medicine disc,and a total of 515 literatures,5 145 patients were enrolled and analyzed.The gender,age,geographical distribution,location of the lesion,treatment and prognosis of the disease were summarized.Results Among the 5 145 patients (male 3 959,female 1 186) with Dieulafoy disease,the ratio of male to female was 3.34∶1.00.The age was from 3 to 95 years,and mean age was 51 years.The lesion location was mainly in stomach (88.82%,4 570/5 145) and second was small intestine (8.28%,426/5 145).In stomach,the lesions were mainly located in gastric corpus,fundus and cardia.The small intestinal Dieulafoy lesions were mainly located in duodenum.The main manifests were sudden hematemesis,melena,and hematochezia.The treatments mainly was endoscopic treatment (72.56%,3 733/5 145),and second was surgery (25.27%,1 300/5 145).Among the5 145 patients withDieulafoy disease,5 099 patients (99.11%) were cured and 46 patients (0.89%) died.The proportions of endoscopic treatment,interventional therapy and first endoscopic treatment within 24 hours in tertiary hospitals were all higher than those of nontertiary (all P<0.01).The cure rate of tertiary hospitals (99.22%,3 674/3 793) was significantly higher than that of nontertiary hosptials (98.54%,1 421/1 442) (x2 =0.89,P<0.05) and the mortality was significantly lower than that of nontertiary hospitals (P< 0.05).Conclusions The male is more susceptible to Dieulafoy lesion which occurred at any age than the female in China.The predilection sites of Dieulafoy lesion were stomach and duodenum.The primary treatments were endoscopic treatment and surgery,and the disease usually had a good prognosis.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3858-3860, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459564

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection-associated gastritis and the ap-optotic genes in gastric mucosa .Methods Forty-five patients with chronic gastritis were registrated in our study from November 2013 to December 2014 .HP infection status in the patients was detected by using urease test and 13C-urea breath test .The degree of gastritis in the gastric mucosa with HP infection was confirmed via histopathology .qRT-PCR was used to measure the mRNA ex-pressions of Bax ,Bak and Bcl-2 in the gastric mucosa with HP infection and matched normal gastric mucosa .Person analysis was used to assess the correlation between the HP infection-associated gastritis and the mRNA expressions of Bax ,Bak and Bcl-2 in the gastric mucosa .Results Forty-five patients with HP infection in antrum and 45 patients (100% ) with chronic antrum gastritis were identified ,including 28 patients (62 .2% ) with light gastritis ,16 patients (35 .6% ) with moderate gastritis ,1 patient (2 .0% ) with severe gastritis .9 patients (20 .0% )with metaplasia ,5 patients(11 .1% ) with low grade intraepithelial neoplasms .The urease tests were negative in the gastric body of 45 patients ,6 patients (13 .3% )were mild chronic gastritis in the body ;Patient with meta-plasia and intrapithelial gastritis was not found .The Bax expression in the HP-infected gastric mucosa was markedly increased when compared with the normal gastric mucosa (P0 .05) .Conclusion HP infec-tion-associated gastritis positively correlated with the expressions of apoptotic genes in gastric mucosa ,suggesting that HP infection might result in increasing the Bax expression and further enhancing the cell apoptosis .

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 714-718,744, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600197

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate and purify VacA protein secreted by Helicobacter pylori or recombinant VacA , and to investigate the effect of VacA-induced cell vacuolar change and apoptosis .Methods VacA proteins were separated and pu-rified from the culture supernatant of H.pylori ( ATCC26695 ) or from the split products of genetically engineered bacteria (pQE30-VacA-E.coli M15) expressing recombinant VacA.The VacA protein obtained was acidified and then incubated with AGS cells for 24 h at different final concentrations of 5 and 10 ng/ml before the vacuolar change and apoptosis of AGS cells were detected via microscopy and flow cytometry assay , respectively .Results H.pylori-secreted VacA and recombi-nant VacA were successfully separated and purified .The H.pylori-secreted VacA significantly induced the vacuolar change and apoptosis of AGS cells (P<0.01) while the recombinant VacA did not.Conclusion H.pylori-secreted VacA protein can effectively induce cell vacuolar change and apoptosis, but recombinant VacA can not, suggesting that the purified VacA protein secreted by H.pylori can be used to explore VacA-induced pathogenesis.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 772-774,781, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598886

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the guidance value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and CT scan in preoperative clinical staging for diagnosis and treatment of esophageal cancer .Methods 68 patients with esophageal cancer were randomly divided into EUS group and CT group using a random numbers table(34 cases in each group) .Patients in EUS group were examined by EUS , patients in CT group were examined by CT scan ,and staged according to the TNM (2003) staging system ,and were compared with surgical pathologic findings .Results The accuracy rates of T staging by EUS were 0(0/2) for Tis ,75 .0% (3/4) for T1 ,75 .0% (6/8) for T2 ,86 .7% (13/15) for T3 ,80 .0% (4/5) for T4 ,and the totle accuracy rate was 76 .5% (26/34) for T ;those of N staging were 71 .4% (5/7) for N0 ,75 .0% (9/12) for N1 ,0(0/11) for N2 ,0(0/4) for N3 ,and the totle accuracy rate was 41 .2% (14/34) for N .The accuracy rate of T staging by CT scan were 0(0/1) for Tis ,33 .3% (2/6) for T1 ,28 .6% (2/7) for T2 ,78 .6% (11/14) for T3 ,83 .3% (5/6) for T4 and the totle accuracy rate was 58 .8% (20/34) for T ,the difference was statistically significant com-pared with the EUS group(P<0 .05);those of N staging were 77 .8% (7/9) for N0 ,76 .9% (10/13) for N1 ,66 .7% (4/6) for N2 , 50 .0% (3/6) for N3 and the totle accuracy rate was 70 .6% (24/34) for N ,the difference was statistically significant compared with the EUS group (P<0 .05) .Conclusion The accuracy rate of EUS are higher for diagnosis in esophageal cancer and preoperative T staging .The accuracy rate of CT scan are higher for the preoperative N staging .EUS combined with CT scan has great significance for choosing ideal therapy plan for esophageal cancer ,and for estimating prognosis of esophageal cancer .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678638

ABSTRACT

Objective Using a model of H.pylori infected Mongolian gerbil , we observed the effect of H.pylori and N methyl N’ nitro N nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) on gastric mucosa, in an attempt to clarify the potential role of vitamin C in the prevention of gastric carcinoma. Methods A total of 160 Mongolian gerbils , eight week old, were randomly divided into five groups(each 32 animals): Group A, infected with H.pylori ; Group B, infected with H.pylori followed by MNNG administration; Group C, received MNNG without H.pylori infection; Group D, infected with H pylori followed by administration of MNNG and vitamin C; Group E as control. Eight animals from each group were killed at 12, 24, 36, 48 weeks, and histopathological changes in their stomachs were examined for chronic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, atypical hyperplasia and adenoma. Results The incidences of intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia in groups A and B were significantly higher than those in the other groups( P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557201

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, on inducing the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells, and to elucidate the concerning mechanisms. Methods Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Flow cytometry (FCM) was employed to assay apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular free Ca 2+. Results After being exposed to celecoxib (25, 50, 100 and 200?mol/L) for 4, 8, 12 and 24h, the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells was strongly inhibited in a dose-time dependent manner. The apoptosis induced by celecoxib was accompanied with the attenuation of mitochondrial membrane potential and the elevation of intracellular free Ca 2+ concentration, suggesting the importance of mitochondria in the apoptotic pathway. Conclusion The mitochondrial pathway may be involved in the apoptosis of gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells induced by celecoxib.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575393

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of mitochondrial pathway in the apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells induced by H. pylori in Mongolian gerbils. Methods A total of 48 Mongolian gerbils were randomly divided into H. pylori infection and without H. pylori infection groups. Eight animals from each group were killed at 1, 3 and 6 months, and histopathological changes in their stomachs were examined. A flow cytometry was used to measure apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular free Ca2+ . Results The incidences of intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia in the gastric mucosa with H. pylori infection were significantly higher than those without H. pylori infection (P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565211

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of mitochondrial pathway in apoptosis of gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 induced by Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori).MethodsApoptosis was evaluated in SGC-7901 cells by flow cytometry.RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to measure the expressions of genes and proteins associated with mitochondrial pathway.Effect of caspase inhibitors on apoptosis induced by H.pylori strain NCTC11637 was investigated.ResultsNCTC11637 directly induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells.Apoptotic rate was 6.30%,11.57%,8.63% and 7.22% respectively at 6,12,24 and 48 h after coculture with H.pylori.H.pylori upregulated the expression of Bax,and induced a time-dependent activation of caspase-9 and-3.Apoptosis was inhibited significantly by pre-incubation with the inhibitors of caspase-9 and-3.Caspase-8 inhibitor reduced H.pylori-induced apoptosis by 20%.ConclusionH.pylori infection upregulates the expressions of Bax mRNA and protein in gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901,and induces activation of caspase-9 and-3.Mitochondrial pathway may be the major one in H.pylori-induced apoptosis in SGC-7901.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558128

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of concentrated H.pylori culture supernatant(CHCS) on the expressions of COXⅠ mRNA and protein in gastric carcinoma cells,and explore the potential role of H.pylori in the gastric carcinogenesis.Methods After SGC7901 cells were treated by 6 ?l/ml CHCS for 4 h,8 h,12 h respectively,the expression of COXⅠmRNA and protein was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting.Results The expression of COXⅠmRNA decreased gradually after exposure to CHCS for 4 h.Especially after 8 h,the expression decreased significantly.When treated with CHCS for 12 h,the expression continued to decrease(P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL