Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 44
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the clinical and genotype features of female-restricted X-linked syndromic mental retardation-99(MRXS99F, OMIM: 300968)caused by USP9 X gene mutation, and to improve the clinicians′ understanding of the disease. Methods:Clinical data and genotypes of 2 children with MRXS99F treated in the Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in March 2020 (case 1) and June 2020 (case 2) were analyzed, and the relevant databases at home and abroad were reviewed to summarize the clinical characteristics and gene variation characteristics of the disease.Results:The 2 cases were 6 months old (case 1) and 5 years old (case 2), both showed psychomotor retardation.Case 1 presented a short stature, pigment abnormality, characteristic facial features, hypotonia, recurrent respiratory tract infections, laryngeal cartilage hypoplasia, atrial septal defect, feeding difficulty, hearing loss and brain hypoplasia.Case 2 had abnormal electroencephalogram.As confirmed by whole-exome sequencing, two children carried c. 6972+ 1G>A, c.6437C>T of USP9 X, respectively.Neither of the 2 variations was previously reported.Twenty-two cases of MRXS99F caused by USP9 X gene mutation were reported in 4 literatures globally, and 24 cases were combined with this study.The clinical manifestations of 20/22 children had special faces.All of them accompanied mental retardation combined with motor and language retardation, and carried neonatal variation. Conclusions:This is the first case report of MRXS99F induced by USP9 X gene variation in China.MRXS99F caused by functional deletion and variation of USP9 X gene is mainly characterized by psychomotor retardation, language disorder, special face and multiple congenital malformations.For children with unexplained growth retardation, special face and multiple congenital malformations, genetic testing like high-throughput sequencing should be carried out as early as possible to determine the etiology.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the complication and compliance of different supine time and the degree of obedience in children with leukemia after intrathecal chemotherapy.Methods:A total of 553 children with leukemia after intrathecal chemotherapy from April 1, 2017 to March 28, 2019 in Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were selected. Children who received intrathecal injection from April 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017 were selected as control group(274 cases), from January 1, 2018 to March 28, 2019 were selected as research group(279 cases). The children in research group were supine 2 hours but control group were supine 4 hours after intrathecal. The complications that occurred after injection and within one week after injection and compliance were observed.Results:Finally, 457 children included in this study, there were 235 cases in research group and 222 cases in control group. The number of cases of limb numbness and local pressure reddening in the research group and the control group were 18, 20 and 31, 34, respectively, with statistically significant differences between the two groups( χ2 values were 4.74, 5.07, P<0.05). After intrathecal injection, the patients' compliance with the time of supine removal was completely acceptable to the research group, relatively acceptable, acceptable, and required efforts to adhere to the number of cases were 65, 83, 42, 45, respectively, while the control group were 34, 50, 76, 62, respectively, the differences were significant ( χ2 value was 30.04, P<0.05). Conclusions:Supine for 2 hours after intrathecal injection can reduce the incidence of complications and improve compliance, which is safe and feasible. So, supine for 2 hours after intrathecal injection is recommended.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882919

ABSTRACT

Hyperlipidemia pancreatitis in children is mostly genetic metabolic disease.The incidence of acute pancreatitis in children is only (3-13)/100 000, and pancreatitis caused by hyperlipidemia accounts for 9% of acute pancreatitis.A child suffering from V-type hyperlipidemia pancreatitis was admitted to the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University in July 2019.The missense mutation at position c. 2770G>A of CFTR gene (nucleotide 2770 in coding region changed from guanine to adenine) in children was detected by gene sequencing, thus resulting in amino acid change p. D924N.It is extremely rare to report that CFTR gene mutation causes hereditary pancreatitis, and there is no literature report on c. 2770G>A site.This case is reported as follows, hoping to provide reference and inspiration for pediatricians.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826529

ABSTRACT

Bartter syndrome is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by hypokalemic alkalosis and high rennin-angiotensin-aldosteronism which can occur at all ages but mainly in childhood. Classical Bartter syndrome is caused by loss-of-function variants in the gene encoding basolateral chloride channel ClC-Kb (CLCNKB), which is a common type of Bartter syndrome characterized with diverse clinical manifestations ranging from severe to very mild. This article reviews the function and mechanism of CLCNKB variants in Chinese population and the genotype-phenotype correlation of CLCNKB variants in classical Bartter syndrome.


Subject(s)
Asians , Bartter Syndrome , Genetics , Pathology , Chloride Channels , Genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Humans , Research
5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 551-553,580, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609096

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the CT features of pulmonary mucormycosis in post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with leukemia,to provide timely and accurate guidance for clinical treatment.Methods 9 pulmonary mucormycosis in post HSCT patients with leukemia confirmed by surgery,biopsy and sputum culture were analyzed retrospectively.Distribution,morphology and CT features of the disease were analyzed and summarized.All patients were underwent non-enhanced MSCT.Results Reversed halo sign (n=7);patchy ground glass opacity (GGO) (n =5);bilateral multiple pulmonary nodules and nodular GGO (n=3);bilateral multiple pulmonary micro-cysts with spiculate boundary (n=1);pleural effusion (n=2);pneumo-mediastinum (n 1) were seen.Two or more than two CT signs were seen in some patients.The interval time between the appeared reversed halo sign and the transplantation were 0.5-19 months in 7 patients,which median time was 10 months and 6 cases (85.7%) appeared within 18months.8 patients (88.9 %) presented cough,expectorated white or yellow phlegm,among them,4 cases (50 %) presented bloodstained sputum or hemoptysis.3 cases (37.5 %) presented left chest pain.1 case was asymptomatic.6 patients (66.7 %) presented significant increased body temperature with the range from 38.4 ℃ to 39.6 C,the median was 39 C.3 patients (33.3%) showed normal temperature.The WBC counting was between 0.16-3.31 × 109/L,the median was 0.7 × 109/L.The neutrophil cell counting was between 0-2.46 × 109/L,with the median of 0.09 × 109/L.Among them,7 patients (77.8%) found reversed halo sign with neutrophil counting between 0-1.63 × 109/L,and the median was 0.09 × 109/L.Conclusion Various imaging manifestations of pulmonary mucormycosis are seen in post HSCT patients with leukemia.When patients is in agranulocytosis phase after transplantation HSCT,it is highly suggested pulmonary mucormycosis infection when the characteristic reversed halo sign is found.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 782-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662136

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the MRI manifestations of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with aplastic anemia. Methods Fifteen patients with immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for aplastic anemia during January 2014 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 8 females, aged from 3 to15 years old, with the median age of 7 years old. Ten cases presented dizziness and headache while other 4 cases presented blurred vision, blind and gaze. Only one case suffered from seizure and loss of consciousness. MRI patterns including distribution, morphology and signal intensity were analyzed after treatment. Follow up MRI were performed after reducing drug dose and symptom remission. The duration of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy of the 15 cases were 1-14 months, with 6 months in 9 cases. Results Focal lesions were found in 11 cases, in which the deep nuclei were involved in one case and the white matter was involved in 10. Four patients showed both cerebral cortex and white matter lesions, including cerebellum and brainstem invasion in one patient. No corpus callosum lesions were found. Various degree of brain atrophy was found in all patients. Cortical lesions showed swelling and involved subcortical white matter presented as arc shape or strip-like lesions. Patchy patterns were found in deep white matter. Thin layer shaped lesions were found in the periventricular white matter. Small flake-like lesions were found in the brain stem and the cerebellum. The lesions showed hypointensity on T1WI, equal or high signal on T2WI. T2WI FLAIR showed equal or high signal;DWI in the cortex and subcortical white matter lesions showed iso-or high signal, while other lesions were isointense. Eight cases acquired clinical relief in short term without obvious improvement on MRI image. Both clinical symptoms and imaging findings improved in 6 cases. One case showed clinical relief but progression on MRI. Conclusions MRI is an effective way to find immunosuppressive drugs-related encephalopathy in children with aplastic anemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It can help the diagnosis and provide the information for clinical treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 782-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659463

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the MRI manifestations of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with aplastic anemia. Methods Fifteen patients with immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for aplastic anemia during January 2014 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 8 females, aged from 3 to15 years old, with the median age of 7 years old. Ten cases presented dizziness and headache while other 4 cases presented blurred vision, blind and gaze. Only one case suffered from seizure and loss of consciousness. MRI patterns including distribution, morphology and signal intensity were analyzed after treatment. Follow up MRI were performed after reducing drug dose and symptom remission. The duration of immunosuppressive drugs associated encephalopathy of the 15 cases were 1-14 months, with 6 months in 9 cases. Results Focal lesions were found in 11 cases, in which the deep nuclei were involved in one case and the white matter was involved in 10. Four patients showed both cerebral cortex and white matter lesions, including cerebellum and brainstem invasion in one patient. No corpus callosum lesions were found. Various degree of brain atrophy was found in all patients. Cortical lesions showed swelling and involved subcortical white matter presented as arc shape or strip-like lesions. Patchy patterns were found in deep white matter. Thin layer shaped lesions were found in the periventricular white matter. Small flake-like lesions were found in the brain stem and the cerebellum. The lesions showed hypointensity on T1WI, equal or high signal on T2WI. T2WI FLAIR showed equal or high signal;DWI in the cortex and subcortical white matter lesions showed iso-or high signal, while other lesions were isointense. Eight cases acquired clinical relief in short term without obvious improvement on MRI image. Both clinical symptoms and imaging findings improved in 6 cases. One case showed clinical relief but progression on MRI. Conclusions MRI is an effective way to find immunosuppressive drugs-related encephalopathy in children with aplastic anemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It can help the diagnosis and provide the information for clinical treatment.

8.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 323-325, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464623

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the accuracy and value of the ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum in the newborns.MethodsConventional cerebral ultrasound screening was performed in 8086 newborns admitted to NICU in our hospital from January 2012 to June 2014 and agenesis of the corpus callosum was suspected or conifrmed in 31 newborns. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography was assessed through the com-parison between the results of ultrasonography and MRI.ResultsIn 31 cases with suspected agenesis of the corpus callosum, ultrasonography showed 14 cases of complete agenesis of which 13 cases had the same diagnosis with MRI except one case of partial agenesis, meanwhile, ultrasonography showed 16 cases of partial agenesis of which 15 cases had the same diagnosis with MRI except one case of complete agenesis. One case of abnormal corpus callosum determined by ultrasonography was diagnosed as partial agenesis by MRI. MRI showed there were other brain malformations in 14 cases.ConclusionsUltrasonography and MRI has a high consistency in the diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum in neonates, so the former can be used as a routine screening and the latter can be used as a method of accurate diagnosis. A combination of both has an important role in early diag-nosis and clinical evaluation.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 801-804, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489543

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis value of homocysteine (Hcy) combined with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen for esophageal cancer.Methods The serum levels of Hcy,CEA,CA199,CA724,CA50 and SCC antigen in 163 patients with esophageal cancer and 49 healthy people were measured.The diagnosis efficacy between the combination of Hcy,CEA and SCC antigen and the combination of CEA,CA199,CA724,CA50 and SCC antigen was compared.Results The levels of Hcy,CEA and SCC antigen were significantly raised in patients group as compared with the levels in control group (all P < 0.05).The area under the ROC curve of Hcy was 0.722 (95 % CI 0.633-0.811),CEA was 0.619 (95 % CI 0.533-0.704) and SCC antigen was 0.685 (95 % CI 0.608-0.762),respectively.There were no significant differences among the three area under the ROC curve.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the combination of CEA,CA199,CA724,CA50,SCC antigen were 69.9 %,59.2 % and 67.5 %,respectively,but the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the combination of Hcy,CEA,SCC antigen were 96.3 %,69.4 % and 90.1%,respectively.There was significant difference between the combination of Hcy,CEA,SCC antigen and the combination of CEA,CA199,CA724,CA50,SCC antigen (P < 0.05).Conclusion The combination of Hcy,CEA,SCC antigen is helpful to determine the diagnosis and efficacy of esophageal cancer.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 298-301, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450927

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector of pcDNA3.1-PEA-15 and express it in the human esophageal cancer (EC-109) cells,and to explore the effect of PEA-15 on EC-109 cells.Methods The PEA-15 gene was amplified from EC-109 by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ligated to eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1.After confirmation of recombinant plasmid was correctly by endonuc]eases digestion and DNA sequencing,the construct was transfected it into EC-109 through liposome inducing.The expression of PEA-15 in transfected EC-109 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot.The cell growth inhibition ratio was evaluated by MTT assay.Results RT-PCR indicated that PEA-15 was highly expressed in EC-109 cells.The amplified fragment by RT-PCR was coincident with hypothesis enzyme digestion analysis and DNA sequencing confirmed that the pcDNA3.1-PEA-15 was constructed successfully.The expression of PEA-15 gene was increased obviously in the transfected EC-109 detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively (t =4.078,5.269,P < 0.05).The cell growth inhibition ratio in the group which transfected pcDNA3.1-PEA-15 was significantly lower compared with the pcDNA3.1 transfect group after 72 hours (t =6.163,P < 0.05).Conclusions The recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1-PEA-15 is constructed successfully,and it can be expressed in EC-109.It also shows that PEA-15 has the function on cell growth which suggests that PEA-15 can inhibit the apoptosis of EC-109 cells and its expression involved in esophageal cancer development.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447793

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect of the primary total hip replacement (THR)and the secondary THR after failed internal fixation in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fracture,so as to investigate the optimal treatment for displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients.Methods From January 2006 to December 2012,22 patients treated with a secondary THR after failed internal fixation were chosen as the observation group and 30 patients treated with a primary THR were chosen as the control group,the operation time,blood loss,postoperative Harris scores for hip joint and health-related quality of life (~ index score) were observed and analyzed in two groups.Results Both of the groups were followed up successfully and each of the groups had 1 patient died.There were no joint infection,re-operations and any other complications in both groups.The operation time in observation group was longer than that in control group [(114.82 ±32.13) min vs.(90.63 ± 16.24) min],blood loss was more than that in control group [(551.73 ± 241.62) ml vs.(314.46:± 156.72) ml],there was significant difference (P < 0.05).But the Harris score and KPS index score between two groups had no significant differences (P > 0.05).Conclusion The primary THR in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fracture has lower risk in operation tocompare with the secondary THR after failed internal fixation,but the two ways are similar in the hip joint function recovery and improve patients quality of life.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 156-159, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447277

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes and clinical significance ot the serum levels of homocysteine (Hcy) in gastric cardia cancer patients before and after surgery.Methods Serum Hcy concentrations of 102 patients with gastric cardia cancer (including 69 case of males) and 50 healthy human were measured by enzymatic cycling assay.Results Total Hcy levels were significantly increased in male patient group compared with the levels in control group (t =5.143,P =0.001).Hcy levels were significantly lower in postoperative group compared with preoperative group [(17.08±5.31) μmol/L vs (20.34±9.26) μmol/L,(14.07±4.87) μmol/L vs (20.34±9.26) μmol/L,P < 0.05].Compared with Ⅳ stage group and other TNM stage groups,significantly lower levels of Hcy were detected in patients with gastric cardia cancer (t =2.306,3.285,P =0.030,0.002).Hcy levels in patients with gastric cardia cancer were also significantly higher than those in the tumor length < 3 cm,3-5 cm and > 5 cm groups (t =2.461,2.147,P =0.017,0.038).Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated a statistically significant association between serum Hcy concentration and gastric cardia cancer incidence (OR =1.136,95 % CI 1.010-1.278,P =0.033).Increasing serum Hcy levels were significantly associated with a decreasing risk of metastatic lymph node (OR =0.865,P =0.010).Conclusion Serum Hcy levels are directly associated with risk of male patients with gastric cardia cancer,and play important roles in the development of gastric cardia cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the geographic distribution of air-borne allergens which caused allergic rhinitis in Urumqi, and offer guide for prevention and treatment of the patients with allergic rhinitis.@*METHOD@#Skin prick tests were performed on 350 patients with allergic rhinitis by assay of Novo-helisen depot (NHD) fluid.@*RESULT@#The total positive rate of inhaled allergens among 350 patients was 78.86%. The most frequent of allergen was chenopodium 78.86% (255 cases). The other frequent allergens were ragweed 36.86% (128 cases), artemisir 28% (98 cases), timothy 27.14% (95 cases), elm 5.71% (90 cases), willow 25.14% (88 cases), poplar 18.86% (66 cases), cockroach 18.86% (66 cases), dust-mite 14.86% (62 cases), flour mite 14.86% (52 cases), alternaria spp 2.86% (10 cases). Allergen were multiple in most AR patients. There was not statistically significant difference between the sexes. There was statistically significant difference between the tribes.@*CONCLUSION@#Chenopodium, ragweed and artemisir were the main allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis in Urumqi.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Allergens , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rhinitis, Allergic , Allergy and Immunology , Skin Tests , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457377

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have shown that bone loss can lead to a series of diseases, such as osteoporotic fractures, thus seeking to increase bone mass has become a goal of the majority of researchers. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the current studies of improving bone mass by using stem cel transplantation, hoping to the extensive application of stem cel transplantation in the clinical treatment of osteoporosis as early as possible. METHODS:A computer-based search of PubMed and CNKI was performed by the first author to retrieve articles relevant to stem cel therapy for osteoporosis published from January 1997 to October 2014. The keywords were“to improve bone mass, regenerative medicine, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel transplantation, stem cel therapy”in Chinese and English, respectively, which appeared in the title, abstract or keywords. Articles published recently or in authoritative journals were preferred, and final y 28 articles were included in result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s which are isolated and cultured easily can proliferate rapidly and have multi-lineage differentiation potential. Studies have shown that the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s can real y improve bone mass, and obtain more achievements in the treatment of orthopedic disorders. This new cel therapy can help to accelerate bone healing and reduce treatment time, offering a new therapeutic choice for orthopedic surgery, plastic surgery, oral and maxil ofacial surgery, and therefore, it has broad application prospects.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 840-842,846, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of combined examination of homocysteine (Hcy) and CEA for male patients with gastric cardia cancer.Methods Serum concentration of Hcy,CEA,CA199,CA724,CA242 and TPS in 54 male patients with gastric cardia cancer and in 30 healthy men were measured.The diagnostic efficacy was analyzed between the combination of Hcy,CEA and the combination of Hcy,CEA,CA199,CA724,CA242,TPS.Results Total Hcy,CEA levels were significantly increased in patients group compared with control group ((20.3±9.2) μmol/L vs (13.7±3.1) μmol/L,(7.8±3.5) μg/L vs (1.6±1.2) μg/L,P < 0.05).The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the combination of CEA,CA199,CA724,CA242 and TPS were 73.6 %,64.5 % and 70.2 % respectively,while those of the combination of Hcy,CEA were 92.5 %,64.5 % and 82.1%,respectively.There was significant difference between the combination of Hcy,CEA and the combination of CEA,CA199,CA724,CA242 and TPS (P < 0.05).Conclusion Combined detection of Hcy and CEA is helpful for diagnosis in male patients with gastric cardia cancer.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 599-601, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of PED/PEA-15 mRNA and protein in esophageal carcinoma tissue and their clinical significances.Methods The expression of PED/PEA-15 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR,and the expression of PED/PEA-15 protein was measured by immunohistochemistry in 50 cases of esophageal carcinoma,50 cases of corresponding paracarcinoma tissue,and 50 cases of corresponding normal esophageal tissue.Results The expression of PED/PEA-15 mRNA was 1.14±0.49 in esophageal carcinoma,which was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma tissue (0.59±0.31) and normal esophageal carcinoma tissue (0.53±0.22) (F =44.085,P < 0.001).The immunohistochemistry results showed that PED/PEA-15 protein expression was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma tissue and normal esophageal tissue (x2 =36.967,P < 0.001; x2 =26.272,P < 0.001).The expression of PED/PEA-15 mRNA and protein were significantly associated with pathological grade,clinical stage of esophageal carcinoma (P < 0.05),but were not significantly correlated to the age of onset,gender,pathological types (P > 0.05).Conclusion The expression of PED/PEA-15 mRNA and protein are increased in esophageal carcinoma,which may play an important role in the occurrence and development of esophageal carcinoma.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441625

ABSTRACT

Bone is the most common metastatic site of breast cancer . And breast cancer metastasis to bone can lead to osteoporosis , hypercalcemia , spinal cord compression and pathological fracture , which seriously impact the patientsˊ quality of life and survival . Chinese herbs have a potential advantage in the treatment of breast cancer metastasis to bone. In recent ten years, a number of studies showed that Chinese medicine monomers, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extracts, and Chinese herbal compound prescriptions played a role in in-hibiting breast cancer cell proliferation , invading and relieving the bone destruction and bone pain by different molecular mechanisms .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352167

ABSTRACT

The progress of research on the the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) wound healing demonstrates that the synovial tissue in the knee joint plays a very important role in the healing process of injured ACL. Therefore, the molecular response mechanisms of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and matrix metalloproteina (MMP) in normal/injured ACL fibroblast cells could be considered to perform the major analysis function of injured ACL healing mechanism. The mRNA expressions of LOXs and MMPs and the activity expressions of MMP-2 in ACL fibroblasts co-cultured with synovial cells were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR and zymography. The results showed that co-culture could regulate the mRNA expressions of LOXs and MMPs in the ACL fibroblasts cells. These results suggest that the differential expressions of LOXs and MMP-1, 2, 3 in co-cultured ACL indicate that interaction crosstalk do exist between ACL cells and synovial cells and provide a theoretical basis for subsequent exploration of the mechanisms and treatment of ACL injury and repair.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Cell Biology , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Coculture Techniques , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint , Cell Biology , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase , Genetics , Metabolism , Synovial Membrane , Cell Biology , Wound Healing , Physiology
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1022-1026, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352120

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to investigate the effect of titanium (Ti) particles and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) on the expressions of MMP-1, 2, 3 in human synovial cells, so as to explore the possible mechanism of osteolysis post-operation of metal-on-metal total joint arthroplasty in human synovial cells induced by Ti particles. In vitro cell cultures, human synovial cells were treated by Ti particles and/or TNF-alpha. The total RNA was isolated at 2 hours after the treatment. The gene expression of MMP-1, 2, 3 was analyzed by Semi-quantitative Reverse-transcriptional PCR and quantitative real-time PCR. Cell supernatant was collected at 12, 24, 48 hours after the treatment and Gelatin zymography was performed to detect the activity of MMP-2. Compared to those in the control group (untreated), Ti particles and TNF-alpha increased the gene expression of MMP-1, 2, 3 respectively (P < 0.05), and the effect of combination of the two was even more significant (P < 0.01). The trend of activities of MMP-2 is similar with gene expression. Ti particles and TNF-alpha increased MMP-2 activities by 1.3 times and 1.5 times respectively (P < 0.05), and the combination of the two increased by 1.7 times (P < 0.01). Ti particles and TNF-alpha-induced the stimulation of MMP-1, 2, 3 expressions and MMP-2 activities in human knee joint synovial cells may be involved in aseptic loosening after metal-on-metal arthroplasty through increasing the degradation of bone matrix and declining of osseous support structure mechanics.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Joint Prosthesis , Knee Joint , Cell Biology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Particle Size , Prosthesis Failure , RNA , Genetics , Metabolism , Synovial Membrane , Cell Biology , Titanium , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 440-443, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429126

ABSTRACT

Objectiveto investigate serum leptin concentration and lipdid levels in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and their clinical significance. MethodsBlood samples were collected from 47 patients with esophageal cancer, 20 healthy control subjects. Serum leptin was measured by ELISA and serum lipids was measured by biochemistry auto-analyzer. ResultsThe serum leptin concentration and LP α levels in patients group were significantly higher than those in control group[(13.09±5.94) ng/ml vs (7.584±4.15) ng/ml,(216.50±752.52) ng/ml vs(87.85±10.73) mg/L](P=0.001).However,the TG concentration was significantly lower than control group [(1.23±0.46) mmol/L vs (1.58±0.07) mmol/L]( P=0.001 ).Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed statistically significant association between serum leptin levels and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma incident(ORLeptm =1.442,95% CI 1.094-1.848). ConclusionThe increased serum leptin levels maybe the risk factors of esophageal cancer,elevated LP α levels in patients might be a compensatory reactions.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL