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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 458-460, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871645


Objective:To summarize the effect of thoracoscopy for infants with double aortic arch malformation.Methods:The clinical data of 10 infants with double aortic arch malformation from January 2015 to May 2019 were retrospectively summarized, including 7 boys and 3 girls aged from 2 hours to 8 months, 9 with right arch dominance and 1 with left arch dominance. MRI examination was performed at 35 weeks before birth to understand the relationship between vascular ring and trachea and esophagus. Postnatal surgery was performed when trachea compression exceeded one third, and selective operation was performed around six months after birth if the compression was less than one third.Results:All the 10 cases underwent thoracoscopic surgery, and 1 case underwent thoracotomy because oxygen saturation could not be maintained. The operation time was 80-135 minutes, with an average of 100 minutes. Intraoperative bleeding was about 5-10 ml. Postoperative ventilator support time was 4-14 days. 1 patient was cured and discharged except that he gave up treatment for economic reasons. Postoperative follow-up period was 1-6 months. No difficulty in eating, no difficulty in breathing required tracheal stenosis surgery again. 4 patients needed ventilator support for more than 7 days, 2 patients developed pneumothorax and were cured after drainage. One patient presented hoarseness.Conclusion:Prenatal examination can improve the diagnosis rate of double aortic arch deformity, early intervention follow-up in pediatric surgery can reduce the incidence of related complications in children, and thoracoscopic surgery is feasible to correct the deformity, with small trauma and Less bleeding.

Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 136-138, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711738


Objective Conclusion thoracoscope surgery clinical data and correcting Ⅲ esophageal atresia(EA) and discuss the feasibility and clinical effect.Methods 24 cases confirmed the third type of esophageal atresia were retrospectively analyzed.There were 12 male and 12 female.9 cases were type Ⅲa EA and 15 cases were type Ⅲb EA.The weights were from 1.9 kg to 3.6 kg,mean weight was 2.56 kg.The age were from born to 8 days,the mean age was 2.5 days.Before operation esophageal contrast study was carried out,also ultrasonography was routinely used to evaluate heart and abdominal viscera.Results The diagnosis of third type EA was confirmed by esophageal contrast study with a blind proximal end of the esophagus and air inflation in the gut.There were 3 cases with proximal blind pouch at the 2nd vertebrate level and the other 21 cases at the 3rd to 4th vertebrate level.All the cases except one just beginning transferred to open operation because hypo-SpO2 was corrected by thoracoscopic operation.The operation time was from 110 min to 280 min,and the mean time was 120 min.The azygos vein in the former 14 cases divided and was preserved in the latter 10 cases.So the stump of the tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) of the latter 10 cases were covered by the preserved azygos vein or plus the parietal pleura.One Ⅲa type EA could not be repaired by the radical operation and abandoned.5 cases with anastomotic leakage were cured by conserved tactics.2 cases with early TEF recurrence were initially supported by enteral nutrition by putting nasogastric jejunal tube and corrected by the 2nd stage operation.5 cases with anastomotic stricture were dilated by two times.Conclusion It is feasible to correct the Ⅲ type EA by thoracoscopic operation with good results and nice appearances.The preserved azygos vein to cover the stump of the TEF may contribute to reduce the recurrence of TEF.

Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 1-5, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339501


There is a large gap between the number of membrane protein (MP) sequences and that of their decoded 3D structures, especially high-resolution structures, due to difficulties in crystal preparation of MPs. However, detailed knowledge of the 3D structure is required for the fundamental understanding of the function of an MP and the interactions between the protein and its inhibitors or activators. In this paper, some computational approaches that have been used to predict MP structures are discussed and compared.

Computational Biology , Methods , Membrane Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Models, Molecular , Protein Conformation