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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 569-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationships among contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features, molecular type, and biomarker expression of breast cancer.Methods:A retrospectively analysis of breast cancer patients confirmed by pathology were performed using Breast Imaging Report And Data System (BI-RADS) ultrasound category lesions in the Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2020 to April 2021. All patients underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS before biopsy and/or surgery. The relationships among BI-RADS category, quantitative and qualitative CEUS features and biomarker expression of breast cancer were evaluated.Results:All 149 patients with 149 breast lesions were included. The numbers of BI-RADS category 4A, 4B, 4C, and 5 were 8, 60, 49, and 32, respectively. Among them, the numbers of Luminal A like, Luminal B like (human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) positive), Luminal B like (HER-2 negative), HER-2 overexpression and triple negative type were 81, 29, 17, 15, and 7. No significant correlations were found among BI-RADS category, molecular types, and biomarker estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER-2, and antigen Ki-67 (Ki-67) expression (all P>0.05). There were no correlations between quantitative or qualitative CEUS features and molecular types of breast cancer (all P>0.05). There were no correlations between qualitative CEUS variables and ER, PR, HER-2, and Ki-67 expression (all P>0.05). Ascending slope (AS) were negatively correlated with ER and PR expression( r=-0.40, P=0.01; r=-0.35, P=0.03). Descending slope (DS) were positively correlated with ER and PR expression( r=0.42, P=0.01; r=0.36, P=0.03). Arrive time (AT) were positively correlated with HER-2 expression( r=0.37, P=0.02). Conclusions:AS and DS are correlated with ER and PR expression.Arrive time (AT) is correlated with HER-2 expression. The quantitative variables of CEUS are helpful for evaluation of biomarker expression in breast cancer.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 682-686, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor on the radiosensitivity of human non-small cell lung cancer cells and its possible mechanism.Methods:Human non-small cell lung cancer cells H1299 were cultured in vitro. CCK-8 was used to detect the toxic effects of erlotinib on H1299 cells, IC 50 and IC 20 were calculated, and IC 20 was utilized as the drug concentration for subsequent experiments. The colony formation assay was performed to identifiy the effect of X-ray combined with erlotinib on H1299 cells, the radiosensitivity parameters were calculated, and the cell survival curves were delineated. Flow cytometry was conducted to detect the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of EGFR/PI3K/AKT pathway and apoptosis-related proteins. Results:Erlotinib exerted inhibitory effect upon the proliferation of H1299 cells, IC 50 was calculated as 27.3 μmol/L, and 3.3 μmol/L for IC 20. X-ray combined with IC 20 concentration of erlotinib could reduce the cloning ability of H1299, increased the proportion of G 0/G 1 phase and G 2/M phase, decreased the proportion of S phase, aggravated cell apoptosis, down-regulated the expression of pEGFR and pAKT proteins, and up-regulated the expression of apoptosis-related proteins including Active Caspase 3 and Cleaved PARP. Conclusions:Erlotinib exerts a radiosensitizing effect on H1299. The possible mechanism is that erlotinib combined with radiation can suppress the EGFR/PI3K/AKT pathway, reduce the ability of repairing cell damage, change cell growth cycle and induce cell apoptosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 746-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796674

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To detect the expression of NRAGE protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and investigate the relationship between NRAGE and therapeutic effect of radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The expression level of NRAGE in 44 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed along with clinical data by using multivariate analysis using Cox regression model.@*Results@#The overall expression level of NRAGE protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.025) and the expression level of NRAGE nuclear protein (P=0.008) were negatively correlated with short-term efficacy. In terms of the overall expression level of NRAGE protein, the 3-year survival rates in the strongly positive group and the positive weakly positive group were 16% and 36%(P=0.198). As for the expression of NRAGE nuclear protein, the 3-year survival rates in the strongly positive group and the positive+ weakly positive group were 0% and 41%(P<0.001). Multivariate analysis using Cox regression model demonstrated that as for the expression of NRAGE nuclear protein, the risk of death in the strongly positive group was significantly higher than those in the positive+ weakly positive group (P=0.002).@*Conclusion@#The overall expression level of NRAGE protein in the esophageal cancer is negatively correlated with the short-term efficacy of radiotherapy, whereas it is not correlated with long-term survival rate. The strongly positive expression level of NRAGE nuclear protein is negatively correlated with the short-term efficacy of radiotherapy and the long-term survival rate, prompting that NRAGE may be a molecular indicator for predicting radiation resistance and even the efficacy of radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 746-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791420

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of NRAGE protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and investigate the relationship between NRAGE and therapeutic effect of radiotherapy.Methods The expression level of NRAGE in 44 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed along with clinical data by using multivariate analysis using Cox regression model.Results The overall expression level of NRAGE protein in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.025) and the expression level of NRAGE nuclear protein (P=0.008) were negatively correlated with short-term efficacy.In terms of the overall expression level of NRAGE protein,the 3-year survival rates in the strongly positive group and the positive weakly positive group were 16% and 36%(P=0.198).As for the expression of NRAGE nuclear protein,the 3-year survival rates in the strongly positive group and the positive+ weakly positive group were 0% and 41%(P<0.001).Multivariate analysis using Cox regression model demonstrated that as for the expression of NRAGE nuclear protein,the risk of death in the strongly positive group was significantly higher than those in the positive+ weakly positive group (P=0.002).Conclusion The overall expression level of NRAGE protein in the esophageal cancer is negatively correlated with the short-term efficacy of radiotherapy,whereas it is not correlated with long-term survival rate.The strongly positive expression level of NRAGE nuclear protein is negatively correlated with the shortterm efficacy of radiotherapy and the long-term survival rate,prompting that NRAGE may be a molecular indicator for predicting radiation resistance and even the efficacy of radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

5.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 463-468,489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823503

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of astragalus polysaccharides combined with hUSCs transplantation on type 2 diabetic rats. Methods Twenty-five SD rats were randomly selected into the normal control group, and the remaining 105 SD rats were used to establish type 2 diabetes model. The 100 rats successfully modeled were randomly divided into the diabetes group, astragalus polysaccharide treatment group, hUSCs treatment group, and astragalus polysaccharide+hUSCs treatment group, with 25 rats in each group. After 2 weeks of treatment, the FBG concentration, insulin and C-peptide concentrations, and body weight changes were measured in each group. The distribution and survival of PKH-26-labeled hUSCs in rat pancreatic tissue were observed by fluorescence microscopy. TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis of rat islet cells. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western Blot were used to detect the expression of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway-related genes in rat pancreatic tissue. Results The FBG concentration of rats in the astragalus polysaccharide treatment group, hUSCs treatment group and astragalus polysaccharide +hUSCs treatment group were significantly decreased, and that in the combination treatment group was significantly lower those in the astragalus polysaccharide group and hUSCs group, and the differences were statistically significant ( all P<0 . 05 ) . Compared with the diabetic group , the insulin concentration, C-peptide concentration and body weight in the astragalus polysaccharide treatment group, hUSCs treatment group and combination treatment group rats were significantly increased, and those in the combination treatment group was significantly higher than those in the astragalus polysaccharide treatment group and in the hUSCs treatment group, the differences were statistically significant( all P<0.05). The results of fluorescence microscopy showed that the number of PKH-26 positive hUSCs in the combined treatment group was 74.64 ±9.75 in each high power field, which was significantly higher than that in the hUSCs treatment group (43.64±5.83), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the diabetic group, the apoptotic rates of islet cells in the astragalus polysaccharide treatment group and the hUSCs treatment group were reduced, and the relative expressions levels of mRNA and protein of TGF-β1, Smad3, and Smad7 in the pancreatic tissue were also significantly reduced(all P<0.05). The reduction was more significant in the combination treatment group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions Astragalus polysaccharide combined with hUSCs transplantation can effectively reduce the FBG concentration, increase the concentration of insulin, C-peptide and body weight, reduce the apoptosis of pancreatic islet tissue, which may be related to the reduction of TGF-β/Smad in pancreatic tissue. Signaling pathways are involved in suppressing the inflammatory response.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 782-786, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697696

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of respiratory allergic diseases in children treated by nasal atomization of budesonide combined with 3% hypertonic saline. Methods Children diagnosed as upper air-way cough syndrome or mild to moderate asthma without being controlled by anti-asthma treatment were included in the study.They contracted with complications of nasal congestion and/or running noseand other symptoms,and na-sal CT confirmed the nasal lesions.Thirty children undergoing conventional treatment(conventional drug therapy+keeping away from allergen)were defined as the control group. 89 children treated with nasal spray therapy(con-ventional drug therapy + keeping away from allergen + nasal spray treatment)were defined as the therapy group. The treatment group was subdivided into IgE-mediated group and non-IgE-mediated group according to IgE level. The treatment course was 7 days.The clinical symptoms score,nasal symptom visual scale(VAS),peak expirato-ry flow(PEF)index were observed and analyzed. Results The clinical symptom score and nasal VAS showed a decreasing trend and the percentage of PEF showed an increasing trend in the two groups within 1 week after treat-ment.The clinical symptom score and nasal VAS score of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group,while the PEF%value was significantly higher.The difference in treatment method was interact-ed with the treatment time(P<0.05).The percentage of PEF in the non-IgE-mediated group was significantly high-er than that of IgE-mediated group 1 week after treatment(P < 0.05). Conclusion The nasal atomization of budesonide combined with hypertonic saline in the treatment of children with respiratory allergic diseases is effec-tive and of a good clinical value.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 614-617, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806986

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess value of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in TN staging of pancreatic cancer and compared with contrast enhanced computed tomography(CECT).@*Methods@#Seventy-eight cases with pancreatic cancer confirmed by pathology were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined using CEUS and CECT and staged according to the 8th guideline of pancreas tumors of AJCC. The diagnostic accuracies of CEUS in TN staging of pancreas tumors were compared with CECT.@*Results@#The diagnostic accuracies of CEUS in T staging and N staging of pancreatic cancer were 80.8%, and 78.2%, respectively. For CECT, the diagnostic accuracies in T staging and N staging were 88.5%, and 88.5%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracies between CEUS and CECT in T staging(χ2=1.56, P=0.21). The diagnostic accuracy of CEUS in N staging was significantly lower than that of CECT(χ2=3.86, P=0.04).@*Conclusions@#The diagnostic accuracy of CEUS in T staging of pancreatic cancer is similar to that of CECT, while in its N staging is lower than that of CECT.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 849-852, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710637

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the characterization and usefulness of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to diagnose focal lesions of pancreas in comparison to contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT).Methods 177 cases of focal solid lesions of the pancreas confirmed by pathology were collected.The enhanced patterns and diagnostic capability of CEUS were analyzed,and these results were compared with those of CECT.Results The diagnostic accuracies of ultrasound,CEUS and CECT were 61.6% (109/177),89.3% (158/177),and 92.1% (163/177),respectively.There was no significant difference between the diagnostic accuracies of CEUS and CECT (P =0.071).The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV),and accurate rate for CEUS were 90.9%,63.6%,73.8%,86.2%,82.5% (the areas under the curve,AUC =0.820),and 89.8%,69.3%,76.7%,85.9%,84.7% for CECT (AUC =0.847),respectively,when the hypo-enhanced was regarded as the cut value.No significant difference was found between these results from CEUS and CECT (P =0.071).Conclusions The diagnostic ability of CEUS in focal lesions of the pancreas is similar to that of CECT.

9.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 161-166, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of mechanical thrombectomy for cardioembolic stroke (CES) due to atrial fibrillation.Methods Patients with CES admitted to Nanjing First Hospital from January 2015 to September 2017 were enrolled retrospectively.They were divided into the thrombectomy group and the intravenous thrombolysis alone group.The baseline data,the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at 24 h after treatment,rates of good outcome (defined as the modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) at 90 d after onset,hemorrhagic transformation and death between the two groups were compared.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent factors for the outcomes in patients with CES.Results A total of 117 patients with CES were enrolket,inchding 65 (55.6%) in the thrombectomy group and 52 (44.4%) in the intravenous thrombolysis alone group.Sixty-two patients (53.0%) had good outcome and 55 (47.0%) had poor outcome.The proportion of patients whose NIHSS score decreased > 4 within 24 h after treatment (58.4% vs.26.9%;x2 =6.254,P =0.007),rates of good recanalization (78.5% vs.57.7%;x2 =5.850,P =0.016),and good outcome at 90 d (63.1%vs.40.4%;x2 =5.972,P=0.015) in the thrombectomy group were significantly higher than those in the intravenous thrombolysis alone group,while there were no significant differences in the incidences of hemorrhagic transformation,symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and gastrointestinal bleeding,as well as mortality at 90 d.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that good recanalization (odds ratio [OR] 0.371,95% confidence interval [CI]0.157-0.876;P =0.024) and thrombectomy (OR 0.398,95% CI 0.179-0.883;P =0.024) were the independent factors for good outcome,while diabetes (OR 6.572,95% CI 1.684-25.641;P =0.007) was the independent factor for poor outcome.Conclusion The efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy for patients with CES due to atrial fibrillation is superior to intravenous thrombolysis alone,and it dose not increase the mortality and complications.Good recanalization and mechanical thrombectomy are the independent factors for good outcome,while diabetes is an independent factor for poor outcome in patients with CES due to atrial fibrillation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 180-185, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513536

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the difference of laboratory test results between early-onset and late-onset severe preeclampsia and to investigate their clinical application values.Methods Totally 108 blood samples were collected from patients with severe preeclampsia who were diagnosed according to the Diagnostic Standard of Obstetrics and Gynecology(7th Edition) published by People′s Medical Publishing House,in Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University from March to November 2016,which consisted of 64 early-onset severe preeclampsia before 34 weeks gestation(early onset group) and 44 late-onset severe preeclampsia after 34 weeks gestation(late onset group).In addition,42 women with normal pregnancies as the control group were selected.General clinical data were collected,and the blood sample was analyzed through detecting Hb,PLT,fibrinogen (FIB),D-dimer,AST,ALT,urea,creatinine (Cr),uric acid,CRP,urine protein.The tested results were analyzed and compared.Flow cytometry was used to analyze the proportion of T helper 1 cells(Th1) and T helper 2 cells(Th2),and the ratio of Th1/Th2 was also calculated.All data and F test were performed by use of statistical software SPSS19.0.Results The pre-pregnancy body mass index(29.55±4.49,30.66±5.13,26.62±3.17,F=9.829,P<0.05),diastolic blood pressure[(105.17±14.46)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),(99.80±12.56)mmHg,(74.36±8.42)mmHg,F=82.088,P<0.05],Hb[(123.22±14.38)g/L,(117.03±16.48)g/L,(112.62±11.24)g/L,F=7.133,P<0.05],urea[(6.56±2.36)mmol/L,(4.51±1.35)mmol/L,(3.04±0.87)mmol/L,F=51.733,P<0.05],Cr[(68.47±18.05)μmol/L,(61.37±14.37)μmol/L,(48.54±8.73)μmol/L,F=23.737,P<0.05],CRP[(7.68±8.76)mg/L,(5.88±6.03)mg/L,(3.56±2.41)mg/L,F=4.735,P<0.05],urine protein[(3.66±0.76)g/L,(2.20±1.05)g/L,(0.19±0.40)g/L,F=249.714,P<0.05]had a statistically significant difference among the early-onset,late-onset and control groups.The flow cytometry results demonstrated that the proportion of Th1 in early-onset group(19.83±3.04)was higher than that in both late-onset (14.49±2.79)and control groups(11.78±1.17),on the contrary,the result of Th2 was much lower(early-onset:1.02±0.12,late-onset: 1.11±0.12,control: 1.56±0.11),there was statistical significance among these three groups(Th1: F=135.110,P<0.05;Th2: F=293.687,P<0.05).Conclusions It′s necessary to real-time monitor the laboratory indicators,such as liver and kidney function,especially the immunologic function indicators for evaluating the disease of early-onset and late-onset severe preeclampsia and personal treatment,and for ensuring the health of mother and fetus and improving the prognostic of mother and fetus.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 732-734, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509637

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the Hobiletin improving cognitive function and the possible mechanism to protect the hippocampal neurons.Methods Eight of Wistar rats,SPF,12 weeks of age,male,were set to the normal group;Eight of GK male rats,SPF,12 weeks of age,only for diabetes group;Both of the two groups were given the normal feed.6 of GK male rats,12 weeks of age,to feed Hobiletin of orange peel 10 mg/kg and lavage for 8 weeks,were set to the NOB group.After 22 weeks the rats were tested by Morris water maze behavior experiment for test the ability of learning and memory;the expression of Nrf-2 was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western Blot.Results Compared with the normal group,the incubation period of diabetes group was longer (P<0.05),and theescape latency of NOB group was shorter than that of diabetes group (P<0.05).Compared with the normal group,the residence time in the target quadrant was shorter in the diabetes group (P<0.05),and prolonged in the NOB group than in the diabetes model group (P<0.05).The expression of Nrf-2 in diabetes group was significantly higher than that in diabetes group (P<0.05).The expression of NH-2 in NOB group was significantly higher than that in diabetes group (P<0.05).Conclusion NOB can increase the expression of Nrf-2 in hippocampus and improve the cognitive function of diabetic rats,which may be related to the enhancement of Nrf-2 activity and the activation of anti-oxidative stress pathway.

12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 552-556, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) and wall-thickening type of gallbladder cancer (GBC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical features and sonographic finding of 31 patients with XGC and 36 patients with wall-thickening type of GBC were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis of all cases was confirmed by pathological examination, and the ultrasonographic manifestations of the thickening of the gallbladder wall, intramural hypoechoic nodules, gallbladder mucosa line, gallbladder stones, biliary dilatation and gallbladder-liver boundary were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant differences in the intramural hypoechoic nodules, the continuous gallbladder wall mucosal line and dilatation of bile duct between XGC and GBC groups (all<0.05), while no statistically significant differences in the other sonographic features(all>0.05). In the six positive sonographic features of the XGC patients, the intramural hypoechoic nodules and the continuous mucosa line of the gallbladder wall had highest accuracy in the diagnosis of XGC(64.2% and 65.7%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intramural hypoechoic nodule and the continuous mucosal line are characteristic sonographic features of XGC, which can be used for the diagnosis of XGC.</p>

13.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 70-73,74, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604612

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of continued self-efficacy health education after discharge on patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Methods Toally 100 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia during January to December 2015 were equally assigned to control group and observation group by random digit table:the former was treated with discharge instructions and the latter with discharge instruction plus self-efficacy health education. The two groups were compared before intervention and 6 weeks after intervention in terms of health behavior and self-management ability. Results Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the groups in health behavior and total score of self-management ability as well as the scores on its dimensions (P>0.05). After intervention, however, the total scores on health behavior and self-efficacy ability as well as the scores on the dimensions in the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (all P<0.01). Conclusion Post-discharge continued self-efficacy health education can be effective in improving their health behavior and self-management ability, which can promote their recovery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1041-1045, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508520

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the application value of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography ( CEMRA ) in the diagnosis of carotid plaque characteristics . Methods Fourty-six patients ( 48 carotid plaques) were performed with carotid CEUS and CEMRA examination prior to carotid endarterectomy . The following characteristics of plaque including the surface of the plaque ,the presence of calcification ,the internal composition and the diameter stenosis were observed and measured ,which were compared with pathologic and digital subtraction angiography ( DSA ) results . Results There were 42 vulnerable plaques and 6 stable plaques in the 48 plaques . Fourty-seven carotid plaques had been correctly diagnosed by CEUS and CEMRA ,and one plaque had been misdiagnosed . The sensitivity ,specificity and accuracy between CEUS and CEMRA had no obvious differences in terms of the overall evaluation of plaque vulnerability ( P > 0 .05) ;CEUS and CEMRA in the diagnosion of the plaque surface situation had no statistical difference in terms of sensitivity ,specificity and accuracy compared with pathological results( P > 0 .05) ;There was no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy rate between two modalities ( P 0 .05) . With DSA examination results as the gold standard ,the accuracy of CEUS in the diagnosis of the diameter stenosis was 97 .92% (47/48) ,CEMRA was 100% (48/48) ,they had no significant difference between two groups ( P > 0 .05 ) . Conclusions CEUS and CEMRA in carotid plaques characteristic evaluation have respective advantages ,are highly complementary ,and combining two methods can systematically evaluate for plaque characteristics .

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 250-258, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242296

ABSTRACT

The chalcone synthase (CHS) superfamily of the type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) generates backbones of a variety of plant secondary metabolites. Benzalacetone synthase (BAS) catalyzes a condensation reaction of decarboxylation between the substrates of 4-coumaric coenzyme A and malonyl coenzyme A to generate benzylidene acetone, whose derivatives are series of compounds with various biological activities. A BAS gene Pcpks2 and a bifunctional CHS/BAS PcPKSI were isolated from medicinal plant P. cuspidatum. Crystallographic and structure-based mutagenesis studies indicate that the functional diversity of the CHS-superfamily enzymes is principally derived from small modifications of the active site architecture. In order to obtain an understanding of the biosynthesis of polyketides in P. cuspidatum, which has been poorly described, as well as of its activation mechanism, PcPKS2 was overexpressed in Escherichia coli as a C-terminally poly-His-tagged fusion protein, purified to homogeneity and crystallized, which is helpful for the clarification of the catalytic mechanism of the enzyme and lays the foundation for its genetic engineering manipulation.


Subject(s)
Butanones , Catalytic Domain , Crystallization , Fallopia japonica , Polyketide Synthases , Genetics , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 256-261, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486815

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of Epstein-Barr virus EBV DNA in children with Epstein-Barr virus infection realated diseases.Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed.Totally 222 blood samples were collected from children who were diagnosed as EBV infection in Shandong Provincial Hospital from June 2012 to August 2013.Fluorescent quantitative PCR( FQ-PCR) was used to analyze the EBV DNA in peripheral blood lymphocytes.ELISA was used to analyze the four EBV serology antibodies in the serum.Two groups of tested results were compared.Heart, hepatic impairment and renal function were analyzed through detecting AST, ALT, BUN, CREA, CK, CKMB.The results were grouped by EBV DNA copy number, and then non-parametric test together with correlation analysis was performed using SPSS21.0 analytics software.Results The positive rate of EBV-CA IgM and EBV DNA was 51.35%(114/222) and 72.97% (162/222) respectively, χ2 =24.01, P1 ×106 copies/ml,Ⅱ1 ×105 -1 ×106 copies/ml, Ⅲ1 ×104 -1 ×105 copies/ml, Ⅳ5 × 103 -1 ×104 copies/ml, Ⅴ<5 ×103 copies/ml), and ALT(χ2 =10.14,P<0.05), BUN(χ2 =18.17, P<0.05), CK(χ2 =13.09,P<0.05), CKMB(χ2 =17.93,P<0.01) had a statistically significant difference between each group.Well, the log value of EBV DNA copy number had a positive correlation relationship with AST(r=0.357,P=0.001), ALT(r=0.376,P=0.001), BUN(r=0.329,P=0.000), CK(r=0.235,P=0.035).Conclusions Detection of EBV DNA can be used for the early diagnosis and assessment of process of the EBV infection related disease in children.The detection of liver, kidney function and myocardial enzymes can be used for evaluating the severity of EBV infection.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2662-2665, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483470

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Objective To explore the common safety concerns and effective nursing intervention in patients with intelligence score defect during hospitalization. Methods A total of 63 patients with intelligence score defect in nerve one ward in our hospital was carried out targeted safety management as the observation group,the common medical ward, the nursing assessment was carried out by head of department,the head nurse,the competent doctor, primary nurse, rehabilitation nurse and the health education. For personalized nursing measures, patients went through neurological nursing, safety management and rehabilitation guidance, etc. A total of 62 patients with intelligence score defect in nerve two ward were treated as the control group, nursing care in the traditional way of nursing. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were assessed at the time of admission and discharge, and the occurrence of nursing accidents during hospitalization was observed, and the patient′s satisfaction with service was investigated. Results The occurrence of nursing accidents during hospitalization in the observation group was lower than that in the control group:4.76%(3/63) vs.1.77%(11/62), and there was significant difference, χ2=5.29,P < 0.05. MMSE score and patient′s satisfaction at the time of discharge in the observation group were higher than those in the control group:(25.12±1.59) points vs. (21.63±1.87) points,96.82%(61/63) vs. 85.48%(53/62), and there were significant differences, t=11.250,P < 0.01 and χ2=3. 87,P < 0.05. Conclusions Scientific assessment of safety risk and targeted nursing intervention are important means to ensure the safety of patients with intelligent scoring defect. These measures could improve patients quality of life and the improvement of the relationship between nurses and patients.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1-4, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458637

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the usefulness of anti -HCV signal-to-cutoff (S/CO)ratio, AST, ALT and the combined examination of anti-HCV S/CO, AST, ALT for predicting HCV RNA results by a model of logistic regression and receiver -operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Methods Five hundred and eighty -eight anti-HCV positive samples were tested by ELISA , followed by RT-PCR to detect HCV-RNA and enzyme rate method to detect AST, ALT.Patients were divided into viremia and non -viremia groups according to HCV-RNA results.Logistic regression and ROC curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of each index for a diagnosis of viremia.Results The serum anti-HCV S/CO ratio, AST, ALT of HCV-RNA positive group were higher than HCV-RNA negative group, showing significant statistical difference ( P AST >ALT.The Area Under Curve(AUC) of the combined examina-tion of anti-HCV S/CO ratio, AST and ALT was 0.949(95% confidence interval,0.932 to 0.966), higher than the AUC of anti-HCV S/CO ratio, AST and ALT single index examinations , which was 0.894(95 % confidence interval, 0.862 to 0.926), 0.823(95%confidence interval, 0.789 to 0.856) and 0.788(95% confidence interval, 0.750 to0.826 ) respectively.C onclusions The diag-nostic relevance of the three biochemical markers for predicting the presence of viremia was anti -HCV S/CO ratio >AST >ALT.The combined examination of anti-HCV S /CO ratio, AST and ALT in predicting hepatitis C viremia is superior to any single index examina -tion and it can increase the detecting ability of HCV -RNA greatly.

19.
Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 901-902, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475112

ABSTRACT

Objective To treat the patients with primary dysmenorrhea by puncturing Shiqizhui (EX-B8) and observe the change and regularity of the analgesic effect with different needle-retaining time, for providing evidence for the optimal needle-retaining time. Method Ninety eligible subjects with primary dysmenorrhea were randomized into a 20 min group of 30 cases, a 30 min group of 30 cases, and a blank control group of 30 cases. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to observe the change before and after intervention with the time, and to compare the intergroup differences. Result The acupuncture groups started to show analgesic effect 10 min after needling, and the effect increased with the needle-retaining time (P<0.05);the therapeutic efficacy of the 30 min group was significantly superior to that of the 20 min group (P<0.01). Conclusion Acupuncture at Shiqizhui can produce a real-time analgesic effect for patients with primary dysmenorrhea, and retaining the needle for 30 min is superior to 20 min.

20.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1749-1750, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451923

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation of real-time fluorescent quantitation PCR(FQ-PCR)for detecting HCV-RNA loading and the chemiluminescence immunoassay(CLIA)for detecting anti-HCV antibody.Methods 587 samples of anti-HCV an-tibody positive detected by CLIA were furteher detected HCV-RNA by FQ-PCR.Results Among 587 samples of anti-HCV anti-body positive by the CLIA screening,225 samples were HCV-RNA negative and 362 samples were HCV-RNA positive detected by FQ-PCR,and the positive rate was 61 .67%,moreover,which was positively correlated with the S/CO ratio detected by CLIA.Con-clusion The positive rate of HCV-RNA is positively correlated with the S/CO ratio detected by CLIA.The result of HCV-RNA can be predicted according to the S/CO ratio.

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