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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-155, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013351

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a rapid and stable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) for simultaneous analysis of 17 chemical components in Gnaphalium affine aboveground parts with flowers, so as to provide experimental basis for improving the quality standard of this herb. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS) was used for the quantitative analysis of 17 constituents in 15 batches of G. affine from different origins, the separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC® BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of methanol(A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution(0-1.0 min, 8%A; 1.0-4.0 min, 8%-26%A; 4.0-9.0 min, 26%A; 9.0-14.0 min, 26%-34%A; 14.0-14.5 min, 34%-45%A; 14.5-15.0 min, 45%-60%A; 15.0-18.0 min, 60%-90%A; 18.0-19.0 min, 90%A; 19.0-19.01 min, 90%-8%A; 19.01-20.0 min, 8%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 40 ℃ and the injection volume was 2 μL. And the electrospray ionization was used with full scanning in both positive and negative ion modes, and the scanning range was m/z 100-1 000. ResultThe established method has been verified by the methodology and could be used for the simultaneous quantification of 17 components in G. affine. The content ranges of the 17 components(quinic acid, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 1,3-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, isoquercitrin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, astragalin, isochlorogenic acid C, luteolin, apigenin and hispidulin) in 15 batches of G. affine samples was 39.60-179.12, 0.17-0.84, 2.41-8.38, 4.33-31.50, 13.63-180.38, 2.43-14.75, 1.16-19.68, 0.49-5.63, 55.77-445.16, 0.23-10.26, 62.04-530.10, 1.11-18.01, 11.36-90.61, 12.22-65.98, 7.22-69.84, 3.37-45.65, 0.30-2.59 μg·g-1, respectively. The content of organic acids was higher than that of flavonoids in G. affine, and the contents of 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, quinic acid and chlorogenic acid were higher. Meanwhile, the content of flavonoids in the samples from Guizhou was higher than that from Jiangsu, while the content of organic acids in the samples from Jiangsu was higher than that from Guizhou. ConclusionThe established method can be used for the rapid and accurate determination of 17 components in G. affine, which clarifies the content range of the main components in this herb, and can provide a reference for the selection of quality control markers of G. affine.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 147-156, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010679

ABSTRACT

The prefrontal cortex and hippocampus may support sequential working memory beyond episodic memory and spatial navigation. This stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) study investigated how the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) interacts with the hippocampus in the online processing of sequential information. Twenty patients with epilepsy (eight women, age 27.6 ± 8.2 years) completed a line ordering task with SEEG recordings over the DLPFC and the hippocampus. Participants showed longer thinking times and more recall errors when asked to arrange random lines clockwise (random trials) than to maintain ordered lines (ordered trials) before recalling the orientation of a particular line. First, the ordering-related increase in thinking time and recall error was associated with a transient theta power increase in the hippocampus and a sustained theta power increase in the DLPFC (3-10 Hz). In particular, the hippocampal theta power increase correlated with the memory precision of line orientation. Second, theta phase coherences between the DLPFC and hippocampus were enhanced for ordering, especially for more precisely memorized lines. Third, the theta band DLPFC → hippocampus influence was selectively enhanced for ordering, especially for more precisely memorized lines. This study suggests that theta oscillations may support DLPFC-hippocampal interactions in the online processing of sequential information.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Male , Epilepsy , Hippocampus , Memory, Short-Term , Mental Recall , Prefrontal Cortex , Theta Rhythm
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1009-1018, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations and pathogenic gene mutation sites of familial cavernous hemangioma by a pedigree study of this disease.Methods:A family of cerebral cavernous hemangioma who was admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology in April 2019 was diagnosed as cerebral cavernous hemangioma type 1 based on clinical manifestations and head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion weighted imaging and susceptibility weighted imaging screening. According to Zabramski classification criteria, the family′s clinical data were collected and genes were sequenced.Results:A 58-year-old female proband had dizziness and headache as the main symptoms, her daughter and son had no clinical symptoms, and her granddaughter had clinical manifestations of cerebral hemorrhage and seizures. The proband and her family members showed multiple cavernous hemangioma on cranial MRI,and the p.L436fs mutation in the KRIT1 gene of familial cerebral cavernous malformation type 1 was confirmed through genetic examination, which was consistent with the Zabramski typing results based on head MRI. The mutation site of the familial spongiform malformation type 1 pathogenic gene was found to be p.L436fs in KRIT1 gene, which has not been reported in familial cerebral cavernous hemangioma type 1 until now.Conclusion:A new p.L436fs mutation of KRIT1 gene was found in familial cerebral cavernous malformation type 1, which expands understanding of the clinical manifestations and pathogenic gene mutation sites of familial cavernous hemangioma.

4.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 146-156, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951106

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a global public health emergency on 31 January 2020. Emergency medicine procedures in Emergency Department should be optimized to cope with the current COVID-19 pandemic by providing subspecialty services, reducing the spread of nosocomial infections, and promoting its capabilities to handle emerging diseases. Thus, the Chinese Society of Emergency Medicine and Wuhan Society of Emergency Medicine drafted this consensus together to address concerns of medical staffs who work in Emergency Department. Based on in-depth review of COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment plans, literatures, as well as management approval, this consensus proposes recommendations for improving the rationalization and efficiency of emergency processes, reducing the risk of nosocomial infections, preventing hospital viral transmission, and ensuring patient safety.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 331-334, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of lung ultrasound (LUS) in the diagnosis of infectious pneumonia in premature infant.Methods 20 premature infants with infective pneumonia were selected and examined by high-frequency ultrasound.The results were compared with chest X-ray data.Pulmonary ultrasound was monitored on the 3rd to 5th,8th to 10th days of treatment and before discharge.The total number and maximum depth of pulmonary consolidation were calculated and the changes of the above parameters with the progression of pulmonary diseases were compared.Results The LUS imaging of 20 cases showed:A-line disappearance and pulmonary interstitial syndrome (100%),lung consolidation (95%),abnormal pleural lines (55%),interstitial syndrome (100%) and pleural effusion (15%).The X-ray of 20 cases showed:increased lung texture(100%),patchy blurred glass shadow (40%),lung consolidation(40%).The maximum depth of lung consolidation and the total number of lung consolidation involving rib clearance are decreased after therapy.Conclusions LUS is of great value in diagnosis and monitor the progresses of infectious pneumonia in premature infant,and can be used as the preferred diagnostic method in imaging.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 327-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744869

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the change of shear wave velocity (SWV) of renal parenchyma and serum level of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in the patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN),and further evaluate the correlation between them.Methods A total of 60 patients with chronic allograft nephropathy confirmed by renal biopsy were selected and divided into three groups according to the degree of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy of the transplanted kidney:group C1 (renal cortex involvement < 25%,n =20),group C2 (renal cortex involvement accounted for 26%-50%,n =20),group C3(renal cortex involvement >50%,n =20).30 renal transplant recipients with normal renal function were enrolled for control group.The SWV of the renal were measured by virtual touch tissue quantification (VTQ) and the serum level of TGF-β1 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in each group.Results Compared with control group,the SWV and serum TGF-β1 in case groups were significantly higher (P < 0.05).SWV measured values:group C3 was the highest,group C2 was middle one and group C1 was the lowest (P <0.05).Statistically significant difference in serum TGF-β1 was observed among these three groups (P <0.05).The renal SWV and serum TGF-β1 had a significant positive correlation (r=0.631,P<0.05).Conclusions Both renal SWV and serum TGF-β1 increase as CAN progressed,which have high value in the diagnosis and treatment of CAN.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 378-381, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710393

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of group medical visits and peer education on the compliance behaviors of patients with acne vulgaris,and to explore the effective health education approaches for patients with acne vulgaris.Methods A total of 80 patients with acne vulgaris were enrolled from Hospital of Dermatology,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences during December 2016.They were randomly and equally divided into 2 groups:intervention group receiving conventional health education combined with group medical visits and peer education,and control group receiving conventional health education alone.At week 1,2 and 4 after the intervention,the compliance behaviors were compared between the 2 groups.Results Totally,18 patients were lost to the follow-up due to refusals and non-response,and 32 patients in the intervention group and 30 patients in the control group finally completed the study.At week 1,2 and 4 after the intervention,the scores of compliance behaviors were significantly higher in the intervention group (83.6 ± 9.3,85.9 ± 9.1,91.2 ± 8.4 respectively) than in the control group (77.1 ± 7.3,77.1 ± 8.6,79.1 ± 10.2 respectively;all P < 0.05).Moreover,the scores of compliance behaviors significantly increased over time (P < 0.05),and there was a significant interaction effect between the intervention methods and treatment duration (P < 0.05).Conclusion Health education approaches including group medical visits and peer education can improve the compliance behaviors of patients with acne vulgaris.

8.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 41-45, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511716

ABSTRACT

Objective We compared the effect of three anesthetic procedures on the establishment of and recovery effect on the young minipig models of skull defect,and explore an optimal anesthetic procedure for long-lasting surgical experiment in minipigs.Methods Thirty 3-month old Guizhou minipigs (male∶female=1∶1) were randomly divided into three groups,10 in each group.The group A was given with midazolam and ketamine i.p.,the group B received lumianning II i.p.,and the group C received midazolam combined with ketamine and lumianning II i.p.The induction time of anesthesia,the first anesthesia maintenance time,the first anesthesia maintenance period after additional use of anesthetics,the second time anesthesia maintenance period after additional use of anesthetics,the recovery period,the number of times of additional intraoperative use of anesthetics,cumulative amount of anesthetics used,and the adverse reaction and mortality rates of the animals after anesthesia were observed and analyzed.Results The anesthesia induction time in the group B was significantly longer than that in the groups A and C (P<0.05 for both).The anesthesia maintenance time and the anesthesia maintenance after first and second additional use of anesthetics in the groups A were significantly longer than those of the groups A and B (P<0.05 for both).The recovery periods in groups A and C were shorter than that of the group B (P<0.05 for both).The number of times of additional intraoperative use of anesthetics,the total dose of anesthetics,the adverse reaction and mortality rates in the group C were significantly lower than those of the groups A and B (P<0.05 for both).Conclusions The combination of midazolam with ketamine and lumianning II is a simple,easy to control the anesthesia depth,and a safe method to anesthetize young minipigs in long-lasting surgical experiment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 66-69,90, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605969

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the method to prevent the displacement of tissue expander implanted between the panniculus carnosus and deep fasia in rabbits .Method 40 rabbits were divided into two groups randomly: the experimental group and the control group .Through an incision on the back , a pocket was made by dissecting between the rabbit panniculus carnosus and deep fasia .The panniculus carnosus at the pocket boundary were sutured with the deep fascia inside the pocket by interrupted 3-0 sutures.A 50 mL kidney-shaped tissue expander was implanted .The expander was inflated with 10 mL saline after the wound was sutured .7 days after implantation , black tattoos were made on the skin around the expander to mark the site of expander .Two months after implantation , the expanders in the experimental group were inflated with 10 mL saline weekly to a total of 140 mL.7 days after implantation the expanders of control group were inflated with 10 mL saline weekly to a total of 140 mL.The incidence of expander displacement , dehiscence of incision , reversal of injection pot and death were recorded .Results There was no expander displacement in the 19 rabbits of experimental group .All the expanders were located within the tattoo area .There was no expander displacement in 11 rabbits of the control group .4 expanders of the control group moved from the back to belly .The difference between them was statistically significant ( P 0.05 ) .Meanwhile there was no significant difference in the incidences of reversal of injection pot , infections and deaths ( P >0.05 for all ) .Conclusions Sutures between the panniculus carnosus and the deep fascia at the pocket boundary asisted by delayed inflating can prevent the displacement of tissue expander implanted between the panniculus carnosus and deep fasia in rabbits , thus to obtain effective expansion .

10.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1341-1343, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463342

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the levels of leptin(LEP) and soluble leptin receptor (sOB‐R) in breast cancer patients′ser‐um ,and to discuss the relationship between LEP ,sOB‐R ,free leptin index(FLI) and the patients′clinical pathologic features .Meth‐ods 70 serum specimens of breast cancer patients who confirmed by pathological diagnosis were collected before the surgery ,the serum of benign breast disease group(n=50) and normal group(n=50) were also collected as control .The levels of LEP and sOB‐Rinserumweredetected,andtheresultafterbodymassindex(BMI)correctionwereanalyzed.Finally,therelationshipbetweenthe expression of LEP ,sOB‐R and clinical pathologic features were analyzed .Results The serum level of LEP in breast cancer group was highly increased than the other two groups (P0 .05) .The level of LEP in the postmenopausal breast cancer patients were highly increased than menopause patients (P>0 .05) ,and the expression of LEP in cancer group were signifi‐cant higher than two control groups by both postmenopausal and menopause (P>0 .05) .The result suggested the serum level of LEP and FLI are associated with pTNM stages and lymph node metastases (P<0 .05) ,and elevated level of LEP in postmenopausal patients had differences in pTNM stages and lymph node metastases (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion The serum LEP level and the FLI may be potential indicators to evaluate the prognosis of the patient with breast cancer .The serum LEP may promoted the process of the postmenopausal patients of breast cancer .

11.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 71-75, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461620

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effectiveness of introducing Diazepam into combined aesthesia of Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride .Method A total of 80 rabbits of both genders for operation were randomly divided into A , B and C groups .The A group was injected with Sumianxin intramuscularly ( 0.3 mL/kg by weight ) .The B group was injected with Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride intramuscularly ( 0.3 mL/kg by weight ) .The C group was injected with Diazepam intravenously ( 1.5 mL/kg by weight ) combined with Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride injected intramuscularly (0.3 mL/kg by weight).The aesthetic effects, induction time, anesthesia maintaining time, total anaesthetic dose and operation time were observed , recorded and compared .Result The induction time of the C group was significantly shorter than A and B groups (P<0.01).The initial anesthesia maintaining time of the C group was the longest among the three (P<0.01) with least total anaesthetic dose (P<0.01).The operation time of the C group was the least with best aesthetic effects (P<0.01).Conclusion Introducing Diazepam into combined aesthesia of Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride can improve the aesthetic effects .Therefore , this is an optional aesthetic method for time-consuming animal operation or sensitive surgical sites of rabbits .

12.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 15-18, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451317

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anesthetic effect of Sumianxin Ⅱcombined with chloral hydrate in plastic surgical operation on rabbit and explore the fast , safe and effective anesthetic methods .Methods A total of 82 Rabbits for operation were randomly divided into A , B and C groups.The A group was injected with SumianxinⅡintramuscularly (0.35 mL/kg by weight).The B group was injected with 10%chloral hydrate intravenously (2.5~3 mL/kg by weight).The C group was injected with Sumianxin Ⅱintramuscularly ( 0.2 mL/kg by weight ) combined with 10% chloral hydrate intravenously(1 ~1.5 mL/kg by weight).The anesthetic effect of induction and recovery time of anesthesia ,anesthesia maintaining time ,and anesthesia mortality rate were observed and compared .Results The anesthetic effect of induction of anesthesia,recovery time of C groups fall in between which of A and B groups ( P <0.05).However, as for anesthesia maintaining time , there was no significant difference between A and C group and both the two groups were longer than B group.Conclusion SumianxinⅡcombined with chloral hydrate possess the advantages of fast anesthesia induction and recovery effect , longer anesthesia maintaining time and low mortality .Therefore it is an easy to operate , expeditious , safe and effective anesthetization for plastic surgical operation on rabbit .

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 971-973, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421353

ABSTRACT

In medical physiology experiment courses, the students observe the functions and learn the rules of biological body, in order to improve their abilities of scientific observation, practice and reflection. Emotion control means willpower to manage emotion, which is the regular psychological response when we deal with issues. Integrating the emotion control education to professional education is imperative to elevate the general quality of medical students.

14.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 845-849, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384823

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common complication of stroke. Its prevalence range was from 23% to 60%. This article reviews the risk factors for PSD,including gender, age, premorbid personality, education, history of stroke and depression, stroke type, stroke location, neurological dysfunction, cognitive impairment, aphasia, and social support.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neuroanatomy ; (6): 275-280, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671468

ABSTRACT

In this study, we treated transgenic Huntington's disease (tgHD) model rat with deep brain stimulation (DBS) and evaluated the cognitive and motor outcome. The results showed that the surgery of implanting electrode improved cognition, increased correct rate and decreased response bias in choice reaction time (CRT) task, with similar extent on various genotypes. After long-term DBS to globus pallidus externa( GPe), correct rate was enhanced. The enhancement was genotype related. Additionally, the motor time and reaction time in CRT task reflecting the movement initiation kept the same value, but the chorea-form movement of homozygous rats was rectified prominently after the treatment of DBS. The present results demonstrated that the operation of long-term DBS to globus pallidus externa can improve the cognition and motor outcome of tgHD rats, which implied DBS operation might shed light on HD patients in the future.

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