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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy combined with surgery for stage ⅢA NSCLC patients.Methods:Six patients with NSCLC who were diagnosed as ⅢA and received two cycles of neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy and surgery between September 2019 and January 2020 were described in this study.Results:Five of them experienced AEs during neoadjuvant therapy. All of them received surgery and achieved an MPR of 50%. No viable tumor cells were found in the tissues of one patient. One patient with a small bronchopleural fistula after lobectomy.Conclusion:Neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy combined with surgery for stage ⅢA NSCLC patients is safe and efficient. Long-term outcomes of neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy combined with surgery should be further validated.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 872-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911907

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the splicing mutation site of COL4A5 gene in a family with X-linked dominant Alport syndrome and explore the possibility of exon specific U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) gene therapy. Methods:The clinical data of the proband and family members of Alport syndrome were collected, and the gene mutations in the whole exon of a series of nephropathy genes in the proband were detected by high-throughput sequencing. The splice site changes and pathogenicity caused by COL4A5 c.546+5G>A mutation were analyzed by online software. Minigene experiment was used to verify and analyze the effect of COL4A5 gene mutation site c.546+5G>A in the proband of Alport syndrome family, and transient transfection and introduction of modified U1 snRNA to correct splicing mutation. Results:The results of gene sequencing showed that there was a hemizygous variation of COL4A5 gene in the proband and his half brother, and the variation site was c.546+5G>A. The results of online software for analyzing the pathogenicity of splice variation showed that the original donor splicing site could not be detected after mutation, suggesting that there was a great possibility of affecting splicing. The abnormal splicing mode of COL4A5 gene with c.546+5G>A mutation—deletion of exon 9 was verified by hybridized small gene detection. The abnormal splicing mutation could be partially corrected by the modified U1 snRNA. The correction ratios of ExSpeU1 (MT), ExSpeU1(E9+1), ExSpeU1(E9+9) and ExSpeU1(E9+11) to exon 9 deletion caused by c.546+5G>A were 0, 43.81%, 52.09% and 48.12%, respectively. Conclusions:The pathogenicity of the new splicing mutation of COL4A5 is verified, and the modified U1 snRNA can partially correct the abnormal splicing.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of traditional Chinese Health Qigong Ba Duan Jin in the treatment of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, 68 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to Hangzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital were divided into control group and observation group according to the random number table method, with 34 cases in each group.The control group was treated with terbutaline sulfate and given routine interventions such as disease knowledge, diet guidance, psychological counseling, and oxygen therapy.The observation group was trained with the traditional Chinese Health Qigong Ba Duan Jin on the basis of the control group.The pulmonary function, blood gas analysis and St.George's respiratory score were measured before and after intervention.The 6-minute walking distance before and after intervention was recorded, and the clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated.Results:The lung function indicators of the two groups were significantly improved after intervention(all P<0.05). The improvement of lung function indexes in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group(all P<0.05). The PaO 2 levels of the two groups after intervention were significantly higher than those before intervention(all P<0.05). The PaO 2 levels in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group( P<0.05), and the PaCO 2 levels in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group( P<0.05). The symptoms, activity and life impact scores of the two groups were significantly lower than those before interventionp(all P<0.05). The decrease of the St.George's respiratory score in the observation group after intervention was more significant than that in the control group( P<0.05). The 6-minute walking distance of the observation group was (442.63±14.85)m, which was significantly longer than that of the control group[(417.28±13.07)m]( t=7.472, P=0.000). The total effective rate of the observation group was 88.24%(30/34), which was significantly higher than that of the control group[64.71%(22/34), χ 2=10.299, P=0.006]. Conclusion:The traditional Chinese Health Qigong Ba Duan Jin exercise combined with drugs and routine intervention can improve the lung function and blood gas index of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, slow down the decline of lung function, improve their exercise capacity and relieve breathing difficulties.Finally, improve the efficacy to improve their quality of life.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the nursing experience in 2 patients with cardiogenic shock combined with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and transferred outer-hospital in long distance.Methods:There were many risk factors in this transport: high parameters of ECMO included V-A mode, 100% oxygen, and a flow of oxygen from 6 L/min to 10 L/min. High ventilator parameters included oxygen concentration of 100% and positive end-expiratory pressure of 15-17 cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa). Transport distance was up to 196 km. And the transport time was up to 2 h 36 min. In this regard, we carried out adequate preparations before transport and professional cares during transport. The main points were as follows: setted up a professional transport team; prepared adequate power and oxygen supply; reduced the number of interruption of ECMO and ventilator support during transport; provided the reasonable remedial actions when ECMO and ventilator support were interrupted. Results:Two patients arrived at the destination safely.Conclusions:Adequate preparations before transport and professional cares during transport could effectively avoid and respond to the occurrence of adverse events, and it is feasible and safe to patients supported by ECMO for long distance outer-hospital transport.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of exendin-4 on hepatic lipid metabolism, fibrosis and oxidative stress in mice with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes and explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6J mice were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks and received intraperitoneal injections of 120 mg/kg STZ to induce diabetes. After successful modeling, the mice were randomized into diabetic control group and exendin-4 treatment group (DM+E4), and in the latter group, the mice were given a daily dose of 1 nmol/kg of exendin-4 for 8 weeks. The changes in the body weight (BW) and random blood glucose (RBG) in the mice were recorded. The mRNA expressions of the genes related with liver lipid metabolism, fibrosis and oxidative stress were analyzed using RT-PCR, and the structural changes of the liver tissues were observed with HE, Sirius red and oil red O staining; the expressions of TGF-β1, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins in the liver tissues were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The diabetic mice showed significantly higher RBG levels and BW with obvious lipid deposition, fibrosis and oxidative stress in the liver as compared with the normal control mice ( < 0.001). Exendin-4 treatment of the diabetic mice did not significantly lessened liver lipid deposition but obviously reduced the levels of RBG and TG ( < 0.05), lowered the expression levels of liver fibrosis-related genes TGF-β, -SMA and Col-Ⅰ ( < 0.05), increased the expression levels of the antioxidant genes Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 ( < 0.01), and enhanced the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the liver tissues ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exendin-4 improves liver fibrosis and oxidative stress in diabetic mice by activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathway without significantly reducing liver lipid deposition.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Exenatide , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Streptozocin
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709732

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1)/Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling pathway during lung injury in septic rats.Methods Twenty-four SPF healthy adult male Wistar rats,aged 15-18 weeks,weighing 200-250 g,were divided into 3 groups (n =8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),sepsis group (group Sep) and dexmedetomidine group (group D).Dexmedetomidine 25 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in D group,while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S and Sep groups.Sepsis was produced by cecal ligation and puncture in Sep and D groups.The rats were sacrificed at 24 h after operation,and the right lung was removed for examination of the pathological changes which were scored and for determination of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity,content of interleukin-1β (IL-1β),IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in lung tissues (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay),wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and expression of HMGB1,TLR2 and TLR4 in lung tissues (by Western blot).Results Compared with group S,the MPO activity,lung injury score,W/D ratio,content of IL-1β,IL-6,TNF-α and expression of HMGB1,TLR2 and TLR4 were significantly increased in Sep and D groups (P<0.05).Compared with group Sep,the MPO activity,lung injury score,W/D ratio,content of IL-1β,IL-6,TNF-α and expression of HMGB1,TLR2 and TLR4 were significantly decreased in group D (P<0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine reduces lung injury through inhibiting HMGB1/TLRs signaling pathway in septic rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697346

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effectiveness of Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) in reducing hyperphosphatemia of outpatients on maintenance hemodialysis.Methods A total of 56 outpatients on hemodialysis received traditional dietary management from April to June,2016 were as control group,and 60 patients from October to December,2016 with TeamSTEPPS implemented in hyperphosphatemic dietary management were as observation group.The difference of the incidence rate of hyperphosphatemia and hypoproteinemia,grasp of knowledge of hyperphosphatemic dietary management were compared between two groups and medical staffs.Results The incidence rate of hyperphosphatemia were dropped from 60.7%(34/56) in control group to 41.7%(25/60) in observation group,difference between two groups had statistical significance(x2=4.20,P=0.036).The hypoproteinemia had no statistical difference between two group(x2=2.72,P=0.102),but still dropped from 39.3% (22/56) in control group to 25.0% (15/60) in observation group.Grasp of knowledge of hyperphosphatemic dietary management were rised from (75.1±5.1) points and (69.7 ±6.4)points in control group and medical staffs to (88.4±2.6) points and (80.1±6.5) points in observation group and medical staffs respectively,and there were significant differences(t=15.82,-8.84,P=0.00).Conclusions The application of TeamSTEPPS for hyperphosphatemic dietary management in outpatients on maintenance hemodialysis can effectively decrease the incidence of the hyperphosphatemia.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 910-914, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807750

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) and Super-amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) in the detection of T790M mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in the plasma of non-small cell lung cancer patients who had developed resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) , and to investigate the clinical application of ddPCR.@*Methods@#Plasma samples were collected from non-small cell lung cancer patients who had acquired EGFR-TKI resistance at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, from May 2017 to November 2017. Extracted ctDNA was analyzed by ddPCR and Super-ARMS to evaluate the T790M mutation status of EGFR gene.@*Results@#A total of 37 patients with activating EGFR mutation that acquired resistance to EGFR-TKI were selected in the study, including 17 male and 20 female with a median age of 64 years (range 40-83 years). Before TKI treatment, all the patients harbored EGFR inhibitor sensitive mutations but without T790M mutation. After acquiring resistance to EGFR-TKI treatment, the T790M mutation rate detectable by ddPCR was 45.9% (17/37). In contrast, the mutation rate of T790M detectable by Super-ARMS was 35.1% (13/37, P<0.05). For the 13 positive cases detected by Super-ARMS (ΔCt<8), they were all positive by ddPCR assay; Among the 10 negative cases detected by Super-ARMS (ΔCt≥8), there were 3 cases positive by ddPCR assay. For patients without ΔCt by Super-ARMS assay, there was one weak positive case detectable by ddPCR assay. Among 17 EGFR T790M positive patients, 9 received EGFR inhibitor Osimertinib treatment, and 7 of them had good therapeutic response after the treatment.@*Conclusions@#While a significant correlation between the two methods is shown. ddPCR is more sensitive than Super-ARMS in the detection of EGFR T790M mutation, indicating that it is a better method in guiding target drug therapy of non-small cell lung cancer patients after acquiring the resistance to EGFR-TKI.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620375

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of a new type of disposable heparin freedialysis tube in uremic patients without heparin dialysis. Methods A total of 110 patients withoutheparin dialysis were divided into control group and observation group by random digits table method with55 cases each. Based on the same pre dialysis and dialysis for heparin saline flushing of discontinuoussaline on the control group using the traditional dialysis pipe for hemodialysis without heparin, theobservation group used disposable non heparin dialysis pipe for hemodialysis without heparin. The numberof patients with venous catheter blockage, blood loss and completion of dialysis time in two groups wasrecorded. Results The number of patients with venous catheter blockage, blood loss and completion ofdialysis time was 6, 6, 47 cases in control group and 0, 0, 54 cases in observation group. The differences were statistically significant (χ2=4.407, 4.407, 4.356, P<0.05). Conclusions The new disposableheparin free dialysis tube can reduce the loss of blood and prolong the treatment time, and the operation issimple, safe and effective, and has good application value and application prospect.

11.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 9-11, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510262

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the data on hearing of recruited students from a teenager aviation school according to both the standards of PLA and those of the US Armed Forces , to learn about their differences in hearing standards in medi-cal selection, and to raise suggestions on establishing hearing standards for medical selection of flying cadets from teenager aviation schools .Methods The data collected on the first hearing test about hearing of students from Hebei Teenager Aviation School were collected .The validity of the data was determined according to the medical selection standards both of PLA and of the US Armed Forces respectively .The cases of qualified or unqualified recruits at high frequency and middle -low frequency were counted respectively and analyzed statistically .Results The unqualified recruits determined by PLA′s standards tended to be unqualified too when determined by the US Armed Forces standards .During the screening of high frequency hearing and the general hearing condition , the proportion of unqualified cases determined by the US selection standards was higher than that determined by PLA′s selection standard .In the screening of middle-low frequency hearing , no statistically significant difference was found in the proportion of unqualified cases when the two different selection standards were used.Conclusion The hearing standard for medical selection of flying cadets at high frequency in the US Armed Forces is stricter than that in the PLA .Meanwhile, the hearing standard at middle-low frequency in the US Armed Forces is different from that in the PLA , though there are no statistically significant differences in the proportion of unqualified cases.The hearing standards of the US Armed Forces are recommended in recruiting flying cadets for teenager flying schools .

12.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 496-499, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505669

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and investigate the clinical effects of parallel double venous pots hemodialysis tubing set in patients with heparin-free hemodialysis.Methods Totally 120 patients who received hemodialysis therapy in our hospital from May,2014 to June,2016 were randomly divided into the experimental group (n=60) and the control group(n=60) via random number table.The experimental group received self-designed parallel double venous pots dialysis tubing set,while the control group received the normal dialysis tubing set.The number of preventive replacement of dialyzer and tubing set during heparin-free dialysis,the number of discarded tubing set due to coagulation and the time frame for the first tubing set were recoded from two groups.Results There were statistically significant differences in the number of discarded tubing set due to coagulation and the time frame for the first tubing between two groups(P<0.05).Conclusion Parallel double venous pots dialysis tubing set can reduce the number of discarded tubing set due to coagulation,prolong the time frame for the first tubing.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1084-1087, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707616

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility and value of the anterior uterocervical angle ( ACA) and cervical length for prediction of preterm birth in second trimester with the transperineal ultrasound . Methods This study retrospectively reviewed the relevant medical records of single birth primiparas undergoing prenatal ultrasonographic evaluation in Wuxi People′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2016 to December 2016 . The pregnant women were divided into preterm group and term group according to the pregnancy outcomes ( with or without preterm birth) . The ACA and cervical length of these pregnancies were measured in the second trimester ( between 22 -24 weeks gestation) with the transperineal ultrasound . Results A total of 1064 pregnant women were enrolled in the study ,with 84 cases in preterm group ( 78 .9% ,84/1064) and 980 cases in term group ( 92 .11% ,980/1064) . Age of women in the two groups had no statistics difference( P =0 .86) . The mean ACA and cervical length of preterm group were ( 112 .48 ± 15 .83)° and ( 30 .94 ± 6 .32) mm ,and the mean ACA and cervical length of term group were (103 .52 ± 13 .78)° and (37 .28 ± 6 .74)mm ,there were statistically difference( P <0 .05) . The area under ROC curve of the ACA was 0 .882 ,of the cervical length was 0 .664 ,the corresponding cutoff value were 113°and 27 mm ,respectively . The sensitivity of the ACA and cervical length in predicting preterm birth were 86 .90% and 71 .43% ,the specificity were 75 .00% and 62 .14% ,the accuracy were 75 .94% and 62 .66% ,respectively . Conclusions The ACA is an objective and effective indicator to predict preterm birth in the second trimester with transperineal ultrasound . The diagnostic value of measuring the ACA is better than that of measuring the cervical length in the same period .

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 298-302, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808695

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic features and genetic profile of large cell lung carcinoma (LCC) redefined by new classification.@*Methods@#Basing on 2015 WHO classification criteria in redefining large cell lung carcinoma, the expression of specific markers (TTF1, Napsin A, p40, CK5/6, CK, vimentin and ZEB1) was detected by immunohistochemistry and D-PAS staining in 303 surgically-removed lung specimens previously diagnosed as large cell lung carcinoma. The clinicopathologic and genetic characteristics (including EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, ALK and ROS1 gene mutation) were analyzed.@*Results@#Based on the new definition of LCC, 116 cases (116/303, 38.3%) of LCC formerly diagnosed were reclassified as solid adenocarcinoma, 49 cases (49/303, 16.2%) as squamous cell carcinoma, 6 cases (6/303, 2.0%) as adenosquamous carcinoma, 22 cases (22/303, 7.3%) as spindle cell carcinoma and only 110 cases (110/303, 36.3%) as large cell carcinoma. Redefined LCCs were characterized as middle-age (range 40-80), male (102/110, 92.7%) and smoking patients (64/110, 58.2%) with intermediate-advanced stage. Among 110 cases, 9 cases with EGFR mutation and 10 cases with KRAS mutation and 1 case with ALK fusion were found. No BRAF and ROS1 alterations were identified.@*Conclusions@#According to the new classification, LCCs formerly diagnosed are mostly reclassified as adenocarcinoma and non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. The newly defined LCC may significantly benefit from clinical therapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607325

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of blood donation in Shanghai streets,understanding the motivation of the donors for blood donation and how many times they had donate their blood.Here,we intend to improve work efficiency in order to better serve the blood donators and to provide a theoretical basis.Methods To gain insight into the understanding and attitude of citizens for blood donation,we analyzed the volunteer blood donors in 387 vehicles and 436 outdoor pre mobilization object by six months,questionnaire in blood collection vehicle or at scene etc.Results The survey specifically reflected the understanding,attitude and motivation of citizens and foreign workers for blood donation in Shanghai.Conclusion There existed many problems such as wrong recognition,diversified motivation among many citizens for blood donation.More publicity and education for the knowledge of blood donation are needed and it plays significant and longlasting role for blood donation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the delayed cytotoxicity effect of chlorpyrifos (CPF) with?drawal on primary hippocampal neurons. METHODS Hippocampal neurons were prepared from SD rat fetuses on the 17th day of gestation. Seven days after culture,neurons were exposed to CPF 10 and 30 μmol · L-1,respectively,for 72 h or for 48 h followed by CPF withdrawal for 24 h. CCK-8 kit and neuronal nuclei(NeuN), 5-bromodeoxyuridine(BrdU) and β Ⅲ tubulin immunofluorescence expression methods were used to evaluate the cell viability. RESULTS Compared with normal control, no significant cytotoxicity was found after CPF 72 h continuous exposure. However,CPF 48 h expo?sure followed by CPF withdrawal for 24 h induced evident cytotoxicity. The amount of BrdU positive and β Ⅲ tubulin positive hippocampal neurons were both decreased significantly(P<0.05),and cell survival and viability reduced after CPF withdrawal. CONCLUSION CPF exposure withdrawal can induce more seriously delayed cytotoxicity than continuous exposure in rat primary hippocampal neurons.

17.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2955-2958, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502884

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure volume of breast cancer , calculate tumor volume doubling time (TVDT), and analyze the correlated factors affecting TVDT using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US). Methods We applied 3D-US to measure the volume of breast cancer of BI-RADS-US 4A classified by conventional ultrasound. The breast cancer case scanned by 3D-US at least twice (the interval is 3 months at least) without any medical intervention were included in the study. We calculated TVDT according to the formula, and analyzed the affecting factors of TVDT using multiple linear regression. Results Sixty-nine cases were enrolled in the study. The TVDT of breast cancer were from 66 to 521 days , in an average of 185 ± 126 days and the median time of 164 days. We found that: ① there were no statistics significances in TVDT between different breast cancer pattern , smoothing border lines , speculated sign , hyperechoic halo , microcalcification and different rear echo (P > 0.05). ② TVDT of different age groups, lymph node metastasis, pathological grade and NPI score were significantly different (P 0.05). ③ TVDT of patients with different expression of ER, PR and Ki-67, molecular typing showed statistically difference (P 0.05). ④ multi-factor analysis showed that the NPI score, lymph node metastasis, Ki-67 and molecular typing of breast cancer were relative factors in TVDT (P < 0.05). Conclusions The NPI score , lymph node metastasis , Ki-67 and molecular typing significantly correlate with TVDT of breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer in molecular typing has the fastest growth rate.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497963

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate diagnostic efficiency of vascular parameters in the diagnosis of BI-RADS Ⅳ breast masses using three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound (3D-PDUS).Methods After adjusting the ultrasonic instrument under property conditions,3D-PDUS were applied to scan BI-RADS Ⅳ breast masses before surgery with QLab software,the following parameters of breast masses were obtained:total tumor volume,vascularization index (VI),flow index (FI),and vascularization flow index (VFI).According to the pathological results,the diagnostic value of vascular parameters from 3D-PDUS were assessed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve,and the diagnostic efficiency were analyzed by best cut-off limits of various vascular parameters.Results The volume and vascular parameters of benign group were remarkably lower than those of malignant group (all P <0.001).The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of VI (0.873) >VFI (0.866) >FI (0.778).AUC of FI was significantly smaller than that of VI (P =0.016) and of VFI (P =0.039),while no statistical difference between that of VI and of VFI (P =0.294).The diagnostic accuracies of VI (cut-point:1.2,sensitivity:84.1%,specificity:83.3 %,accuracy:83.8 %) and of VFI (cut-point:0.5,sensitivity:82.5 %,specificity:85.2%,accuracy:82.9%) were higher than that of FI (cut-point:35.3,sensitivity:74.6%,specificity:70.4 %,accuracy:72.6 %).AUC of VI (P =0.001) and of VFI (P =0.033) in small-volume group (<2cm3) were both larger than those of large-volume group (≥2 cm3),no significant difference in AUC of FI between these two groups (P =0.09).Conclusions Vascular parameters obtained using 3D-PDUS have affirmative value in the diagnosis of BI-RADS Ⅳ breast masses,especially in masses less than 2 cm3 in volume.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460239

ABSTRACT

Purpose To analyze retrospectively the clinicopahological characteristics and immuophenotype in 120 cases of pulmonary selerosing hemangioma ( PSH) . Methods Data of 120 cases of PSH were collected and reviewed, including gross features and frozen diagnosis, histopathological features, morphology in HE and immunohistochemical characteristics of tumor cells. Results PSH pres-ents a well-circumscribed mass with a sense of expansion after cutting, which showed a solid, grey to tan-yellow surface with foci of haemorrhage. Two kinds of tumor cells and four typical patterns with mixed forms, are often shown under light microscope (92/120, 76. 67%). Focal accumulation of histocytes and scattered mast cells were noted in some cases (83/120, 69. 17%). Both surface cells and round cells were TTF-1 and EMA positive. Surface cells expressed SP-A, CK and NapsinA. Round cells expressed vimentin. Conclusion Gross features and typical“two cell types, four patterns” contribute to PSH diagnosis. Meanwhile, foal accumulation of foam histocytes and scattered mast cells show a clue to PSH diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

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