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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1051-1055, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the changes of inflammatory cytokine levels and prognosis of patients with critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical date of critical COVID-19 patients undergoing IMV who were hospitalized in Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from February 4th to March 25th in 2020 were collected. At the same time, the inflammatory cytokine levels including interleukins (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) at 48 hours before IMV and 48 hours after IMV of all the patients, as well as the 48 hours after weaning or right before death were recorded. Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the independent risk factors of death during hospitalization.Results:Among the 43 patients, 13 patients improved and 30 died. Compared with the survival group, the patients in the non-survival group were older (years old: 67.6±7.3 vs. 58.5±11.9, P < 0.05), with higher rates of hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease (53.3% vs. 15.4%, 63.3% vs. 23.1%, 26.7% vs. 0%, all P < 0.05), and the time from onset to admission to hospital, admission to ICU and IMV were longer (days: it was 9.17±5.00 vs. 5.07±2.49, 17.10±7.11 vs. 12.23±5.05, and 17.90±7.46 vs. 12.61±5.60, respectively, all P < 0.05). The IL-6 and TNF-α levels on 48 hours after IMV in the non-survival patients increased significantly as compared with those before 48 hours and the surviving patients. Especially, the IL-6 levels increased significantly as compared with those at 48 hours after IMV and 48 hours after weaning in the surviving patients [ng/L: 800.00 (194.25, 2 000.00) vs. 22.03 (6.66, 28.21), 3 204.00 (1 264.88, 5 000.00) vs. 5.00 (3.98, 12.27), both P < 0.01]. The IL-10 level before death in the non-survival patients increased significantly as compared with that at 48 hours after weaning in the surviving patients [ng/L: 55.89 (26.07, 100.14) vs. 3.53 (2.76, 12.36), P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in the levels of IL-2 and IL-4 between the two groups at every time point. The variables of age, basic diseases, the IL-6 level after IMV were included in the multivariate unconditional Logistic regression analysis, which showed that age [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.821, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.695-0.968], hypertension ( OR = 0.027, 95% CI was 0.002-0.378), diabetes mellitus ( OR = 0.054, 95% CI was 0.005-0.611), coronary heart disease ( OR = 0.042, 95% CI was 0.002-0.968) and the IL-6 level after IMV ( OR = 0.902, 95% CI was 0.819-0.994) were independent risk factors for death during hospitalization in patients with critical COVID-19 undergoing IMV (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The levels of inflammatory cytokine including IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α increased significantly with aggravation in critical COVID-19 patients undergoing IMV, especially IL-6. IL-6 was an independent risk factor for death of critical COVID-19 patients undergoing IMV.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755096

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate postoperative recurrent pattern of the thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC),aiming to provide a basis for the delineation of postoperative radiotherapy volume for TESCC.Methods Clinical data of 66 TESCC patients who recurred after the radical esophagectomy in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from 2011 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the AJCC 8th edition-defined classification of esophageal carcinoma,regional lymph node stations Ⅰ to 8M were defined as the upper-middle mediastinum region (UMMR),and stations 8Lo,9 and 15 were defined as the inferior mediastinum region (IMR),stations 16 to 20 were regarded as the upper abdominal lymph node region (UAR).Results Among all 66 patients,41 cases (62%) experienced locoregional recurrence alone,25 cases (38%) presented with distant metastasis alone.A total of 54 patients with 148 lymph node recurred after treatment.The highest risk region of lymph node recurrence was UMMR (118/148,80%),after that,followed by UAR (24/148,17%).With regard to 9 cases of UAR,6 patients had lower TESCC,and 8 patients (89%) were graded as ≥ pathological stage Ⅲ.Conclusions The highest risk region of lymph node recurrence is UMMR in TESCC patients undergoing radical esophagectomy,which should be considered as the target volume in postoperative radiotherapy.For patients with lower TESCC ≥ pathological stage Ⅲ,UAR might be the target volume with cautions.Anastomosis and IMR are probably not the routine treatment volumes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate postoperative recurrent pattern of the thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC), aiming to provide a basis for the delineation of postoperative radiotherapy volume for TESCC.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 66 TESCC patients who recurred after the radical esophagectomy in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from 2011 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the AJCC 8th edition-defined classification of esophageal carcinoma, regional lymph node stations 1 to 8M were defined as the upper-middle mediastinum region (UMMR), and stations 8Lo, 9 and 15 were defined as the inferior mediastinum region (IMR), stations 16 to 20 were regarded as the upper abdominal lymph node region (UAR).@*Results@#Among all 66 patients, 41 cases (62%) experienced loco-regional recurrence alone, 25 cases (38%) presented with distant metastasis alone. A total of 54 patients with 148 lymph node recurred after treatment. The highest risk region of lymph node recurrence was UMMR (118/148, 80%), after that, followed by UAR (24/148, 17%). With regard to 9 cases of UAR, 6 patients had lower TESCC, and 8 patients (89%) were graded as ≥ pathological stage Ⅲ.@*Conclusions@#The highest risk region of lymph node recurrence is UMMR in TESCC patients undergoing radical esophagectomy, which should be considered as the target volume in postoperative radiotherapy. For patients with lower TESCC ≥ pathological stage Ⅲ, UAR might be the target volume with cautions. Anastomosis and IMR are probably not the routine treatment volumes.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693045

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound is one of the most commonly used examination methods in clinical practice. Dysphagia after stroke can seriously affect the prognosis and quality of life of patients. In recent years, the advantages of ultrasound evaluation of swallowing function have received increasing attention. This article reviews the previous studies of ultrasound assessment of swallowing function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663822

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of stereotactic body radiotherapy(SBRT)for pulmonary oligometastases,and to further explore the patients most suitable for SBRT. Methods From 2012 to 2105,51 patients with 76 oligometastatic lung tumors were treated with SBRT.In those patients,27 had primary lung tumors and the others had extrapulmonary tumors. Seven patients had squamous cell carcinoma,thirty-five had adenocarcinoma, and the rest had other types of cancer. The patients received radiotherapy at a dose of 50 Gy in five fractions or 60 Gy in three fractions. Survival analysis was made by the Kaplan-Meier method. A multivariate analysis was made by the Cox model. Results The 1-and 2-year local control rates were 86%(65/76)and 80%(61/76),respectively. The 1-and 2-year overall survival(OS)rates were 80%(41/51)and 55%(28/51),respectively. The median survival time was 30(2-57)months,while the median progression-free survival time was 8(1-32)months. Twenty-one patients had grade 1 radiation pneumonitis(RP),while one patient had grade 2 RP. The multivariate analysis revealed that no more than 2 oligometastatic lung tumors,progression-free interval(PFI), and a performance score(PS)no higher than 1 were independent factors for OS(all P<0.05). Conclusions SBRT is effective and safe for treating pulmonary oligometastases. The number of oligometastatic lung tumors,PFI,and PS are independent prognostic factors for OS. Suitable patients and the appropriate timing of treatment are key to the efficacy of SBRT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 355-359, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between fathers′ nursing time and maternal parenting stress of children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD).@*Method@#Mothers of 98 ASD children who were first diagnosed in the department of Child Health Care, Children′s Hospital of Fudan University during June 2015 to January 2016 were included in the ASD group, with mothers of 92 typical children from a Community Maternal and Child Health Hospital and a kindergarten in the control group. The evaluation of parenting stress, parents′ nursing time and other related factors were cross-sectionally analyzed. Interview was conducted with the following tools: Parental Stress Index-Short Form(PSI-SF)for maternal parenting stress, and self-made General Parenting Information Questionnaire for nursing time of both parents and other related factors. The relationships were analyzed by Multiple Linear Regression analysis and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test.@*Result@#Maternal parenting stress of ASD children had a significant negative correlation with father′s nursing time in total score of parenting stress, PCDI domain and PD domain (t=-2.76, -2.98, -2.79; P=0.007, 0.004, 0.006), within which PD domain also included family annual income and mothers′ nursing time (R2=0.22, 0.24, 0.25); while no such correlation was found in control group in terms of father′s nursing time(P=0.22, 0.42, 0.06). Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test showed that in 62 (63.3%) double-income ASD families and 72(78.3%) double-income typical families, there were significant differences between ASD fathers′ and ASD mothers′and typical fathers′nursing time(2.0(0.5, 2.1)vs. 3.5(2.4, 6.0)vs. 3.0(2.0, 4.7)h, t=-86.32、-49.65, all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Lack of fathers′ involvements was common in ASD children′s families. Increasing these fathers′ nursing time, as well as their enthusiasm and initiative in the family intervention could relieve maternal parenting stress and improve the intervention pattern of ASD children.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603651

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of ziprasidone and risperidone on schizophrenia patients and the change of serum leptin and adiponectin levels .Methods Totally 80 cases of schizophrenia patients were randomly divided into ziprasidone group and risperidone group ,which were treated for 8 weeks .Measure the positive and negative symptoms scale (PANSS) score and body weight of that number ,leptin and adiponectin at baseline ,treatment 4 weeks and 8 weeks respectively for patients ,at the end of the experiment ,the results for statistical analysis .Results Two groups of 4 ,8 weeks after treatment scores compared with baseline scores dropped significantly ,the difference was statistically significant(P<0 .05) .Risperidone group after treatment ,leptin levels significantly increased body mass index ,and adiponectin levels significantly decreased ,compared with the baseline before treatment was statistically significant difference(P<0 .05) .Conclusion Ziprasidone and risperidone in treatment of schizophrenia have similar efficacy .Ziprasidone has no significant effect on body weight ,leptin and adiponectin levels in treatment of schizophrenia patients . However ,risperidone has a significant effect ,long-term use should pay attention to the side effects .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602928

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of ziprasidone and risperidone on patients with schizophrenia and their influence on bloodglucoseandlipids.Methods 96patientswithschizophrenicenrolledinthestudywererandomlydividedintotwogroups,zi‐prasidone and risperidone group ,and both were treated for 8 weeks .Their blood glucose ,blood lipid of base line and at the end of the 4th ,8th week were determined respectively .Results The positive and negative symptoms scores of the two groups by using Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale(PANSS) before and after treatment were not statistically different(P> 0 .05) .Compared with the baseline scores ,scores at the end of 4th and 8th week in both ziprasidone and risperidone groups significantly decreased(P0 .05) .After 8 weeks′ treatment ,the ef‐fective rate was 91 .7% in ziprasidone groups and 89 .6% in risperidone group .There were no significant differences between the two groups(P>0 .05) .The blood lipids and glucose levels were less increased after ziprasidone treatment ,but was not statistically significant(P>0 .05) .The blood lipids and glucose levels significantly increased after risperidone treatment(P<0 .05) .Conclusion Ziprasidone and risperidone had the same effect on schizophrenia .Ziprasidone had no effect on blood glucose and lipids in schizo‐phrenic patients ,while risperidone could increase blood glucose and lipids level ,we should pay attention to the side effects of long‐term use .

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3340-3342, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481480

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of octreotide on the apoptosis of human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and expression of Bcl-2/Bax in HSCs,and to reveal the mechanism underlying octreotide against hepatic fibrosis. Methods HSCs lines (HSC-LX2) were incubated with different concentrations of octreotide for 24 and 48 hours. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Fitc-tunel fluorescence staining. Bcl-2 and Bax protein exoression in HSC-LX2 was detected by immunocytochemistry. Meanwhile, Bcl-2 protein of HSC-LX2 were detected by Western blot assay. Results Octreotide could promote the apoptosis of HSC-LX2, and the apoptosis rate was significantly increased with the concentration of octreotide(P < 0.05). The HSC-LX2 were incubated with the same concentration of octreotide for 24 and 48 hours, the cell apoptosis rate of 48-hour octreotide treatment was significantly higher than that of 24-hour octreotide treatment (P < 0.05). The immunocytochemistry result indicated that octreotide could significantly decrease Bcl-2 expression and increase Bax expression in HSC-LX2 (P<0.05); Western blot assay showed that octreotide could also significantly inhibit Bcl-2 expression in HSC-LX2 (P<0.05). Conclusions Octreotide could induce the apoptosis of HSCs in a dose-and time-dependent manner, the mechanism of octreotide inducing HSCs apoptosis might be associated with down-regulation of Bcl-2 and upregulation of Bax in HSC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477599

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the findings and diagnostic values of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and diffusion weighted image (DWI) of the portal venous tumor thrombus (PVTT) caused by hepatic carcinoma.Materials and Methods Thirty-one patients with hepatic carcinoma (43 lesions) with 63 PVTT in the main branches and trunks diagnosed by clinical and MRI were enrolled. All patients underwent conventional MRI (cMRI) imaging, DWI and ADC imaging, the features of cMRI, DWI and ADC were observed, the relevance of ADC values between the hepatic carcinoma lesion and PVTT were analyzed.Results Among the total 43 lesions, DWI image showed low signal, iso-signal and high signal in 1, 4 and 38 lesions, respectively; and ADC image showed low signal, iso-signal and high signal in 36, 5 and 2 lesions, respectively. In the total 63 PVTT, DWI showed low signal, iso-signal and high signal in 4, 7 and 52 lesions, respectively;while their ADC images showed low signal, iso-signal and high signal in 54, 6 and 3 branches, respectively. There was good consistency for the results of two observers on the findings of ADC of tumor lesions (Kappa=0.8334,P<0.05), and a moderate consistency on that of PVTT (Kappa=0.5215,P<0.05). The average ADC value of tumor lesion and PVTT was (1.127±0.268)×10-3 mm2/s and (1.021±0.363)×10-3 mm2/s, respectively; there was a correlation of the mean values of ADC between tumor lesion and PVTT (r=0.246,P<0.05). Conclusion The features such as low signal and low value on ADC image and high signal on DWI obtain a certain clinical application value for qualitative diagnoses of PVTT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 841-844, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468566

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) in lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris,and to explore the relationship between MBL and psoriasis pathogenesis.Methods Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of MBL in lesional and normalappearing perilesional skin of 30 patients with progressive psoriasis vulgaris,as well as in normal skin of 30 healthy human controls.Statistical analysis was carried out by t test using SPSS13.0 software.Results Immunohistochemistry showed that MBL was expressed in lesional psoriatic skin,but weakly expressed or absent in normalappearing perilesional skin and normal control skin,with the relative expression level of MBL in lesional skin significantly higher than that in perilesional skin and normal control skin (0.636 7 ± 0.515 1 vs.0.416 3 ± 0.160 1 and 0.381 6 ± 0.310 9,t =2.24,2.32,respectively,both P < 0.05).Western blot revealed a positive expression of MBL protein in all the skin specimens,and the expression intensity of MBL protein in lesional psoriatic skin was significandy increased compared with perilesional psoriatic skin and normal control skin (0.273 1 ± 0.129 4 vs.0.186 3 ± 0.193 1 and 0.149 2 ± 0.268 7,t =2.05,2.28,respectively,both P< 0.05).No significant difference was shown in the expression of MBL protein between perilesional psoriatic skin and normal control skin by immunohistochemistry (t =1.51,P > 0.05) or Western blot (t =0.61,P > 0.05).Conclusion There is a high expression of MBL protein in lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris,which may be somewhat associated with the pathogenesis of psoriasis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466483

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To investigate the effectiveness and safety of agomelatine for the treatment of elderly patients with post-stroke depression.Methods A total 80 elderly patients with post-stroke depression were randomly divided into either an agomelatine group or a sertraline group.The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD),National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Barthel Index were used to evaluate the patients before and after 1,2,4,and 6 weeks,respectively.Results HAMD,NIHSS,and Barthel index scores were improved significantly after treatment in the agomelatine group (n =38) and the sertraline group (n =42).There were significant improvement in the scores of HAMD,NIHSS and Barthel Index with time in both groups (all P <0.001).There were no significant difference in the scores of HAMD and NIHSS at different time points after treatment between the agomelatine group and the sertraline group,and the Barthel Index scores began to have significance difference from the fourth week after treatment (all P < 0.05).Conclusions The efficacy of agomelatine for the treatment of PSD is almost the same as sertraline,and the effect of improving activities of daily living is better than sertraline.The safety of both agomelatine and sertraline is good.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553693

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of Axin, β-catenin and p53 in the pleural fluid and to discuss their relationships and significances. Methods The expression of Axin, β-catenin and p53 was detected using immunocytochemistry in adenocarinoma cells of the pleural fluid from 40 patients with primary lung adenocarcinomas or reactive mesothelial cells of the pleural fluid from 40 pa-tients with benign lung diseases. Results Axin positive expression rate was 30% (12/40) in cases with primary lung adenocarcino-mas. The positive expression rate of β-catenin was 15% (6/40) on cell membrane and 60%(24/40) in cytoplasm. The expression rate of p53 was 57. 5% (23/40) in cases of primary lung adenocarcinomas. The expression of Axin was positively correlated with the membranous expression of β-catenin, and negatively correlated with p53 in cancer cells of the pleural fluids. The positive expression rate of Axin was 77. 5% (31/40), but the expression rate of p53 was 1. 25% (5/40). There was no expression ofβ-catenin in reac-tive mesothelial cells from benign lung diseases. Conclusions The expression of Axin is significantly reduced in adenocarcinoma cells. The expression rate ofβ-catenin in cytoplasm is higher than that in membrane of cancer cells. It has a certain value to detect the expression of Axin,β-catenin and p53 for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lung adenocaicinomas from benign lung diseases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 157-159, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443426

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the gene polymorphism and serum concentration of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) in patients with psoriasis,and to analyze the relationship between MBL and psoriasis.Methods Totally,67 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 69 healthy human controls were enrolled in this study.Venous blood samples were obtained from all the subjects.Genomic DNA was extracted,and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RELP) analysis was conducted to determine the polymorphism at codon 54 of the MBL gene.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to measure the serum level of MBL.A chi-square goodness-of-fit test was carried out to evaluate Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium,t test to compare the serum concentration of MBL,and chi-square test to compare the frequency of genotypes and alleles of MBL gene codon 54.Results The patients with psoriasis showed higher frequency of GGC/GAC heterozygote but lower frequency of GGC/GGC homozygote (x2 =10.36,P < 0.05),together with increased frequency of GAC allele but decreased frequency of GGC allele (x2 =8.31,P < 0.05),at codon 54 of the MBL gene compared with the healthy controls.The variant allele GAC at codon 54 of the MBL gene was markedly associated with psoriasis (OR =3.383,95% CI 1.585-7.211,P < 0.05).The serum concentration of MBL was (2.193 7 ± 0.816 3) mg/L in patients with psoriasis,significantly lower than that in the healthy controls ((3.269 5±1.205 8) mg/L,t=6.11,P< 0.05).Conclusion MBL might be associated with the pathogenesis of psoriasis to some degree.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432001

ABSTRACT

Objective Compared with haloperidol treatment,naloxone and naloxone combined haloperidol treatments were assessed in their efficacy and safety for excited type delirium in elderly.Methods The elderly patients with delirium were divided into haloperidol treatment (H),naloxone treatment (N) and combined treatment (C) in a prospective randomized controlled design.Delirium score scale (DSS) was used before and after treatments respectively.Clinical global impression scale-severity of illness (CGI-SI) score was evaluated daily to assess the onset time and improvement of delirium.Agitation-calmness evaluation scale (ACES) observed calmness effect in agitated patients before and after every medication intervention.Treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) assessed side effects of all medications.Results The duration of three groups(H(4.0 ±2.9)d,N(4.2± 3.5) d,C (3.2 ± 3.2) d) had no significant difference (P > 0.05) by multiple comparison.Compared the onset time of three groups (H (2.4 ± 1.6) d,N (2.4 ± 1.4) d,C (1.3 ± 0.9) d),the combined group was faster than the other two groups (all P < 0.05),no significant difference between the two groups(P > 0.05).DSS scores had no significant differences (P> 0.05) in three groups before treatment,so did CGI-SI scores.In the end,DSS scores were(H:18.8 ± 11.5,N:27.7 ± 7.2,C:29.5 ± 5.6) respectively.Statistically naloxone group and combined group with no significant difference (P > 0.05),were better than the haloperidol group (all P < 0.01) in recovery.At the same time CGI-SI scores were (H:3.3 ± 1.5,N:2.5 ± 1.5,C:1.8 ± 0.9) respectively.Statistically combined group was better than the haloperidol group (P < 0.01),and no significant difference with naloxone group (P > 0.05).Three groups had no significant difference in ACES scores (P > 0.05) before and after medication interventions(H:5.9 ± 1.6,N:6.2 ± 1.8,C:6.4 ± 1.6) (P > 0.05).Haloperidol group had 4 cases of extrapyramidal symptom evaluated by TESS and combined group had 2 cases.Two groups had no significant difference (Chisquare test P > 0.05) in extrapyramidal symptom incidence.The naloxone group showed no side effects.Conclusion Naloxone combined haloperidol is slight better than naloxone,more than haloperidol in terms of efficacy.Haloperidol equally with combined medication showed more side effects than naloxone.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 110-113, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424490

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo test the susceptibilities of Candida albicans to 5 antifungal agents including methylrosanilinium chloride and to estimate their relationship with the genotypes of C.albicans.MethodsThe susceptibilitiesof 67C.albicansisolatestomethylrosaniliniumchloride, fluconazole, amphotericinB,itraconazole and ketoconazole were determined by using a broth dilution method as described in the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards(NCCLS) document M27-A2.DNA was extracted from the C.albicans isolates and subjected to the amplification of 25S ribosomal DNA(rDNA) introns by PCR.The C.albicans isolates were divided into A,B and C genotypes according to the amplicons.The relationship was analyzed statistically by exact probability test between the genotypes and antifungal susceptibility of C.albicans.ResultsOf the 67 C.albicans isolates,8.96% were resistant to fluconazole,2.98% to itraconazole,1.49% to ketoconazole,and no resistance to amphotericin B was observed.The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of methylrosanilinium chloride varied from 0.125 to 4 mg/L.Statistical analysis revealed no significant correlation between the genotypes and autifungal susceptibilities of C.albicans(all P > 0.05).Conclusions More attention should be given to the increasing resistance to fluconazole and itraconazole in some isolates of C.albicans as well as to the favorable antifungal activity of methylrosanilinium chloride.The antifungal resistance shows no apparent correlation to the genotypes of C.albicans.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 343-346, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412644

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of total glucosides of paeony (TCP) on cell proliferation of and expression of VECF and IL-23 in human HaCaT keratinocytes and their potential mechanisms. Methods MTT assay was performed to detect the cell proliferation of HaCaT cells incubated with various concentrations (0.5 to 312.5 mg/L) of TGP. HaCaT cells were classified into 8 groups, control group without any treatment, TGP groups treated with 6 different concentrations of TGP, SB203580 group treated with TGP of 125 mg/L after 2-hour pretreatment with SB203580 of 10 μmol/L After additional culture, reverse transcription (RT)- PCR and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were conducted to determine the expression levels of VEGF and IL-23 mRNA and protein, Western blot to test the phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in these cells. Results The proliferation of HaCaT cells was promoted by TGP of low concentrations (0.5 and 2.5 mg/L), but inhibited by TGP of equal to or more than 12.5 mg/L, and peaked at the concentration of 125 mg/L. TGP of 0.5 and 2.5 mg/L enhanced the mRNA and protein expressions of VEGF and IL-23, while TGP of 12.5 to 125 mg/L suppressed the expression of VEGF mRNA and protein, and TGP of 62.5 to 125 mg/L downregulated the expression of IL-23 mRNA and protein. The phosphorylation of p38 protein kinase in HaCaT cells was induced by TGP of 125 mg/L in a time-dependant manner. Concretely, the level of phosphorylated p38 kinase in HaCaT cells was 0.3314 ± 0.0245 (peak) at 5 minutes, decreased to 0.2173 ± 0.0189 at 10 minutes (still statistically higher than untreated HaCaT cells) and 0.1664 ± 0.0201 at 30 minutes after treatment with TGP of 125 mg/L. SB203580 attenuated the effect of TGP on p38 phosphorylation, and the level of phosphorylated p38 kinase was 0.1529 ±0.0147 in HaCaT cells pretreated with SB203580 prior to the treatment with TGP. Conclusion TGP can inhibit the cell proliferation of and expressions of VEGF and IL-23 mRNA and protein in HaCaT cells, likely mediated by the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 697-699, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422564

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of eIF4E and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms with psoriasis vulgaris in Han population of Shandong province.Methods A population based case-control association study was carried out in 188 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 280 healthy human controls of Han nationality from Shandong province.Taqman SNP genotyping assay was performed to assess three SNPs,including rs4810482 and rs3918254 in MMP-9 gene and rs11723037 in eIF4E gene.Pairwise linkage disequilibrium was evaluated by using Haploview 4.2 software,and the frequencies of alleles and genotypes were analyzed by using Plink 1.07 software.Results The frequency of rs4810482 T allele was significantly lower in patients with psoriasis vulgaris than in the normal human controls(OR =1.49,95% CI:1.12-1.99,P < 0.01),and the significant difference still remained under recessive and dominant model.Bioinformatic analysis revealed that the rs4810482 altered the binding site of transcription factor,while no association was observed between psoriasis and either of the other two SNPs.Conclusions The SNP rs4810482 located at the upstream regulatory region of MMP-9 gene is significantly associated with psoriasis,hence,MMP-9 gene may be a susceptibility gene for psoriasis in Han population of Shandong province.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 809-811, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420889

ABSTRACT

A 16-year-old male presented with a 11-year history of progressively enlarging erythema and crusting on the right cheek.Physical examination revealed an irregularly shaped,sharply marginated,dark erythematous patch sized 6 cm x 10 cm and plaques with mild verrucous proliferation.There were strip-like scar at the margin of lesions and multiple ulcers measuring 0.5 to 1 cm in diameter with firm crusts.No small jellycolored nodules were observed.Direct microscopy of multiple scrapings under the crusts showed many light brown,septate,branching and irregular hyphae.Olivaceous-black woolly colonies grew at 25 C and 35 C on Sabouraud's dextrose agar and potato dextrose agar; flask-shaped conidiogenous cells with funnel-shaped collarettes and ellipsoidal conidia arranged in flower-like shape were observed microscopically.PAS staining showed numerous septate and branching hyphae,pseudohyphae and yeast-like cells.There was a 99.73% similarity in the species-specific rDNA sequence between the isolate and phialophora verrucosa standard strain CDC-B2152.The patient was diagnosed with cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Phialophora verrucosa.The lesion subsided after treatment with amphotericin B and itraconazole,but recurred after drug withdrawal.Itraconazole and terbinafine were administered for the retreatment of this patient.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 171-173, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413667

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the mutations of COL7A1 gene in three cases of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa (DEBP). Methods Clinical data were collected from 3 patients with DEBP. Skin lesions were obtained from these patients and subjected to transmission electron microscopy. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of the 3 patients, their 16 relatives, and 150 unrelated normal human controls, and PCR was performed to amplify all the exons and flanking sequences of COL7A1 gene followed by sequencing.Results The patient 1 and 2 had family history, whereas the case 3 was sporadic. Transmission electron microscopy showed tissue cleavage beneath lamina densa in case 1 and slightly decreased anchoring fibrils in some areas of the lesions in case 1 and 3. Three heterozygous mutations of COL7A1 gene, i.e., c. G6734T, c.G6859A and c. G5318T, which leaded to three amino acid mutations, i.e., p. G2245V, p. G1773V and p. G2287R, were found in patient 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Of them, p. G2245V and p. G1773V were novel mutations. The mutations strictly cosegregated with the phenotype in the patients of family 1 and 2. No mutation was detected in the unaffected parents of patient 3 or the 150 unrelated healthy controls. Conclusions The p. G2245V, p. G2287Rand p. G1773V mutations of COL7A1 gene may be responsible for the phenotype of DEBP in the three cases,and of them, p. G2245V and p. G1773V have never been reported.

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