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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514561

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the best level of transducer when continuous invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring using evidence-based approach. Methods Searched in three databases (Cochrane, PubMed,sinoMED), meanwhile the website of related academic societies,supplemented with Citation Index. Results There were 11 articles after selected. The majority of evidences (9 articles) suggested leveling with the heart, one suggested leveling with the catheter tip,and the other one regarded the matter as nothing important. Conclusions Transducer should be leveled to align the heart rather than the tip of arterial catheter when continuous invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring, but it doesn't matter which surface landmark of the heart. It was suggested that changing the level of transducer when changing the patient position or head of bed.

2.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 4-6, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477211

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the hospitalization status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) . Method In total, 12,838 COPD patients hospitalized from January 2008 to December 2014 were involved in the study and their hospitalization status were analyzed. Results Among the 12,838 patients, 2,499 were hospitalized for critical conditions (19.47%), 5,455 for acute attack (42.49%), 4,884 for acute exacerbation (38.04%). The ratio of male/female was 5.32:1. Those in 71 to 80 years old were at the highest risk. They were hospitalized at least for 1 time, at most for over 38 times, averaged (3.52 ± 4.05) times. Conclusions The COPD patients were hospitalized due to acute attack and acute exacerbation. The patients'age ranged from 71 to 80 years. The male patients had a predominant incidence than the female ones. The times of hospitalization were related with possible complications of other chronic diseases. Therefore, nursing staff should draw up individual continuing nursing strategies based on the patients′ hospitalization reasons to reduce the hospitalization rate of acute attack and acute exacerbation. Meanwhile, we should formulate the pre-hospital rescue plan for the hospitalized patients at the peak age and implement prospective nursing.

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