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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 307-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933221

ABSTRACT

Zinner syndrome is a congenital genitourinary embryo malformation, which is clinically rare, difficult to diagnose, and usually found in the sexually active stage. MRI is the preferred method for diagnosis. Conservative treatment was usually conducted for most asymptomatic patients. Symptomatic patients can be treated by laparoscopic or robotic surgery. For patients with infertility complicated with ejaculatory duct obstruction, transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct is feasible, which contributes to improving sperm vitality and quantity and increasing semen volume. However, some patients still have azoospermia after surgery. The etiology is needed further studied. A case of infertility with Zinner syndrome and ectopic ureteral opening in seminal vesicle cyst is reported.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 604-610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610928

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and security of Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in treating interstitial cystitis /bladder pain syndrome,and also the effect of different site injection.Methods Sixty-nine consecutive BPS/IC patients from October 2011 to February 2016 were divided into three groups randomly,including control group (group A) and treatment group (group B and group C).There were 5 males and 64 females,with age from 23 to 66 years old (average 44.5 years old).Twentythree patients (1 male and 22 females,aged from 23 to 69 years old,with mean age of 44.6 years old) in control group (group A) underwent hydrodistention.Twenty-four patients (2 males and 22 females,aged from 27 to 65 years old,with mean age of 42.8 years old) in group B underwent BTX-A detrusor combined triangle injection plus hydrodistention.Twenty-two patients (2 males and 20 females,aged from 30 to 68 years old,with mean age of 44.3 years old) in group C underwent BTX-A triangle injection alone plus hydrodistention.The parameters such as daytime frequency,nocturia,visual analogue scale/score (VAS),functional cystemetric volume (FCV),post-void residual volume (PVR),QOL score,maximal bladder capacity (MBC),interstitial cystitis symtom index (ICSI),interstitial cystitisproblem index (ICPI),Qmax,and Hamilton anxiey scale (HAMA) score between pre-treatment and 1,3,6 and 9 months after therapy in the three groups were compared.Results There were no serious complications observed in the three groups.All parameters 1 month after therapy were obviously superior to that of pretreatment.The efficacy in control group decreased significantly 3 months after treatment except nocturia (3.0 vs.5.0),daytime frequency(7.0 vs.14.0)and Q (14.0 ml/s vs.13.0 ml/s).However,all parameters in research groups except PVR were still obviously superior to pretherapy.The parameters except Q and nocturia in group B had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).However,the parameters except Q nocturia and somatic anxiety score in group C had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).VAS (2.0 vs.3.0) and somatic anxiety score (6.0 vs.10.0) in group B were superior to group C (all P < 0.05).When it came to 6 months after therapy,urinary frequence and urgency and pain symptoms were the same to pretherapy and all parameters had no statistically significant difference between pretherapy and after therapy in group A(all P > 0.05).But all parameters except PVR in research group was still superior to pretherapy.the parameters except PVR,Q and QOL in group B had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).However,The parameters except PVR,Q MBC,ICSI and QOL in group C had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).Meanwhile,efficacy in group B was better than group C in term of ICPI (6.0 vs.8.0) and somatic anxiety score (7.0 vs.10.0) (all P < 0.05).The efficacy decreased significantly 9 months after treatment in both group B and C,with no statistically significant difference compared with that of pretreatment.ICSI(10.0 vs.13.0),ICPI(9.0 vs.13.0),QOL(5.0 vs.6.0)in group B,and QOL(5.0 vs.6.0)in group C had statistically significant difference compared with the contemporary parameters in group A.ICSI(10.0 vs.12.0),MBC(285.0 ml vs.237.5 ml) in group B was better than that in group C (P < 0.05).Conclusions Symptoms in IC/BPS patients can be alleviated significantly by detrusor BTX-A injection plus hydrodistention.Quality of life can be improved remarkably and HAMA scores can be reduced significantly after treatment.Thus,it's an effective therapeutic mnethod for IC/BPS,and detrusor combined triangle injection can provide a better effect than single triangle injection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463751

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the serum prostate specific antigen( PSA)feature of high grade prostatic intraepithe1ia1 neop1asia ( HGPIN)patients,and the association of the number of cores positive for HGPIN on initia1 biopsy and the risk of cancer deve1opment in second biopsy. Methods 492 cases of patients with suspicious prostate cancer were schedu1ed for transrecta1 u1trasound prostatic biopsy with an 8-core temp1ate. In the first biopsy,186 cases of patients with PCa,34 cases of patients with iso1ated HGPIN( on1y one core invo1ved with HGPIN)and 13 cases of patients with extensive HGPIN( two or more cores invo1ved with HGPIN),64 cases of pa-tients with LGPIN,195 cases of patients with BPH. The va1ues of PSA were ana1yzed and compared within these groups. In patients with extensive HGPIN or iso1ated HGPIN we proposed a repeat 8-core biopsy after 6 months independent of serum PSA 1eve1. The same measure was app1ied for patients diagnosed as LGPIN or BPH in the first biopsy with accompanying increase or persistent e1evation of serum PSA 1eve1. The incidence of PCa was ana1yzed and compared within these groups. Results The serum PSA 1eve1s were no sig-nificant1y different between LGPIN and BPH(P>0. 05),between iso1ated HGPIN and LGPIN(P>0. 05),and between iso1ated HG-PIN and BPH(P>0. 05). The serum PSA 1eve1s were significant1y different between extensive HGPIN and LGPIN(P<0. 05),be-tween extensive HGPIN and BPH(P<0. 05),and between extensive HGPIN and iso1ated HGPIN(P<0. 05). In the second biopsy, the incidence of PCa in patients with extensive HGPIN was 38. 48%,that in patients with iso1ated HGPIN was 9. 68%,that in patients with LGPIN was 12. 50%,and that in patients with BPH was 12. 20%. Conclusions The features of PSA in patients with iso1ated HGPIN are simi1ar to BPH,PSA 1eve1 in patients with extensive HGPIN were between PCa and BPH,and patients with extensive HG-PIN have a higher incidence of PCa in second biopsy than iso1ated HGPIN and BPH.

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