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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 544-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of plasma miR-320c in patients with osteoarthritis(OA), and explore the clinical significance and the role in pathogenesis of OA.Methods:The clinical data and peripheral blood of 30 patients with OA, 30 patients with connective tissue diseases and 30 healthy control individuals were collected.The levels of plasma miR-320c were detected byfluorescentquantitative reverse transcription PCR(qRT-PCR). Correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation of plasma miR-320c level with knee X-ray data and VAS pain score in OA patients.Finally the miR-320c mimic, the miR-320c inhibitor, and the control material were transfected to the chondrocyte HC-a.The proliferative capacity of HC-a chondrocytes was examined at different time points as determined by the CCK-8 assay.Results:The expression level of plasma miR-320c was significantly higher in OA group(3.26±0.55)than that in the connective tissue diseases group(1.62±0.50)and in healthy control group(1.21±0.66)( F=107.66, P<0.001). Plasma miR-320c expression was positively correlated with radiographic grade( r=0.830, P<0.001), and had no correlation with VAS pain score in OA group( P>0.05). Through repeated measurement variance analysis, the time effect, the group effect and the interaction effect between group and time showed statistically significant differences in chondrocyte proliferation between NC mimic group and miR-320c mimic group( Ftime=5256.767, Fgroup=1947.436, Ftime×group=114.314, all P<0.001). The level of proliferation was significantly reduced.Apoptosis rate of chondrocytes was significantly increased in the group transfected with miR-320c( t=7.85, P<0.01). Conclusions:The expression level of plasma miR-320c is significantly higher in osteoarthritis patients and associated with knee radiographic severity grade.Furthermore, over-expression of miR-320c could suppress the proliferation of chondrocytes.Plasma miR-320c might be potential bio-marker for osteoarthritis knee severity assessment, and involves in regulating chondrocyte growth in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relevant risk factors for restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of patients with Takayasu′s arteritis.Methods:Clinical data of 43 patients undergoing percutaneous angioplasty due to Takayasu arteritis were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relevant risk factors for restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.Results:There were 9 males and 34 females. The mean age was 23 (18-33) years old, 59 times of PTA were performed, including 44 in renal artery, 9 in aorta, 2 in iliac and 2 in carotid artery, 1 in brachiocephalic trunk and 1 in left subclavian artery. The mean follow up time was (64±42) months. The rate of restenosis was 47.5%(28/59)and the mean time of restenosis was (23±27) months. The restenosis rate of aorta and iliac artery was 9.1%, that of renal artery was 52.3% and that of supra aortic artery was 100% . The rate of restenosis was higher in patients with symptoms of headache, syncope and low back pain, the elevated ESR and CRP increased the risk of restenosis (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that preoperative elevation of ESR and CRP were risk factors for restenosis after percutaneous angioplasty for Takayasu arteritis. Conclusions:PTA was safe and effective in Takayasu arteritis involving aorta-iliac and renal artery, the elevated ESR and CRP was related to high risk of restenosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870169

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia/gout is a common metabolic disease in China, which is a serious threat to people′s health. In clinical practice, the standardization of prevention and diagnosis and the rate of treat-to-target need to be improved. There is still a lack of education for the patients about the understanding of clinical guidelines, the disease knowledge and the importance of cooperating with doctors to carry out diagnosis and treatment. From the most concerned issues of the patients, we established the hyperuricemia/gout patient practice guideline working group with multidisciplinary physicians and patients. Seventeen opinions, as the hyperuricemia/gout patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "WHO guidelines development manual" , and with the international normative process, aiming to improve the patients compliance, improve the level of health management of the disease.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870167

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical experts consensuses or guidelines of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)/spondyloarthritis (SpA) have been constantly updated, but to better understand and practice, patient self-participation management is one of the key points to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. Through questionnaire survey of these patients, we screened out the most concerned issues, and established the AS/SpA patient practice guideline working group with multidisciplinary physicians and patients. Fifteen opinions, as the AS/SpA patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "WHO guidelines development manual" , and with the international normative process.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 328-333, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics and compliance of early-onset gout patients by case-control analysis.Methods:A total of 111 early-onset patients (onset age ≤35 years old) were included as Group A, and 111 non-early-onset patients (onset age >35 years old) with matched disease durationwere included as Group B. The differences ofclinical characteristics, causes of acute gout attack, dairy diet habits, compliance, and misunderstanding of the disease were compared.Results:Compared with the non-early-onsetgoutpatients, the early-onset patients had a higher proportion of obesity (63 cases vs 28 cases), family history (36 cases vs 20 cases) and tophus (39 cases vs 23 cases) and higher level of VAS scores (8.5±1.3 vs 7.6±1.7; χ2=22.988, P<0.01; χ2=5.749, P=0.016; χ2=5.729, P=0.017; t=4.639, P<0.01), lowerproportionof the first metatarsophalangeal joint involvement as the initial joint involvement (45.9%, 51 cases vs 59.4%, 66 cases; χ2=4.066, P=0.044), higher proportion of the ankle involvement as the initial joint involvement (34.2%, 38 cases vs 21.6%, 24 cases; χ2=4.386, P=0.036), higher proportion of alcohol drinkers and high fructose drinkers, which was more likely to relate to alcohol intake, strenuous exercise and high fructose intakeas trigger of the flare ( χ2=6.513, P=0.011; χ2=7.126, P=0.008; χ2=1.978, P=0.160), while the proportion of regular exercisers and on diet in the family was lower ( χ2=22.887, P<0.01; t=-4.917, P<0.01). The proportion of poor diet and medication compliance in Group A was higher than that in Group B(57.7%, 64 cases vs 38.7%, 43 cases; χ2=5.207, P=0.022; χ2=5.867, P=0.015). As for the reason for poor treatment compliance, early-onset gout patients were more worry about the side-effects of drugs than non-early onset patients ( χ2=4.190, P=0.041). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the main misunderstanding of gout. Conclusion:Although early onset gout patients are young, their condition is more serious, and compliance is poorer, this group of patients should be highly valued in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 180-185,c3-2, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of plasma microRNA (miRNA) profiles and bioinformatics in patients with osteoarthritis(OA) in order to search for diseases related biomarkers.Methods:Blood samples from 20 cases of OA patients and 15 cases of normal control (NC) were collected to extracted total RNA in plasma. The plasma miRNA expression profile was tested by using Agilent Human miRNA array. Target gene analysis and clustering analysis were performed on differentially expressed microRNAs. Three differentially expressed miRNAs (miR-134-5p, miR-320c and miR-940) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for further confirmation of microarray data. The differences were tested using t test analysis. Results:① MiRNA microarray showed that compared with NC, there were 74 differential expression genes in plasma of patients in the OA group (FC≥2, P≤0.01), among which 45 were up-regulated and 29 were down-regulated. ② A total of 2 731 potential target genes were predicted in three database, and involved in 462 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEEG) pathways. Target gene ontology (GO) functional clustering found that the main functions of miRNAs were intercellular adhesion, collagen synthesis, intracellular signal transduction, etc. The main KEGG pathways of miRNAs include mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling pathway, osteoclast differentiation signaling pathway, etc. ③ The expression level of miR-20a-5p and miR-320c in OA group were significantly higher than that in controls ( t=-6.142, P<0.05; t=-3.854, P<0.05), while miR-940 was significantly lower than that of controls ( t=2.767, P<0.05) . The trend was consistent with the microarray data. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve analyses showed that they were useful biomarkers for differentiating patients with OA from controls. Conclusion:The study shows that plasma in OA patients has a specific miRNAs expression, and miRNAs play an important role in the pathogenesis of OA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745181

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze systematically the existing classification criteria and assessment tools for osteoarthritis (OA).Methods Comprehensively searched and screened the available classification criteria and assessment tools reported in OA guidelines,textbooks,including secondary and original researchs.We collected and summarized the extracted data with the methods of scoping review and also used Excel software for qualitative analysis.Results A total of 63 OA guidelines,1 textbook,239 secondary or original researches,160 supplementary records were retrieved.The 5 classification criteria and 15 systematic reviews of assessment tools (855 assessment tools) were finally included.Conclusion The existing classification criteria lack a rigorous and transparent development process,and they are also too complicate to guide clinical treatment.We suggest that the development and improvement of OA classification criteria should be linked with the streamlined assessment tools,and conduct trials to test in clinical practice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611675

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical performance of chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) on anti-nuclear antibody(ANA) specific autoantibodies testing.Methods A multi-center clinical study A total of 811 Sera samples were collected from 6 collaborating hospitals during the period of April to July 2016, and tested with CLIA and line immunoassay (LIA) in parallel for autoantibodies to ribonucleoprotein(RNP), smith antigen(Sm), SSA/Ro60,SSB/La, centromere protein B(CENPB), double-stranded DNA(dsDNA), nucleosome(Nuc), and ribosome P protein(Rib-P).The positive rate,specificity and qualitative coincidence rate for each antibody between CLIA and LIA methods were analyzed.All discrepant samples for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) highly specific autoantibodies (including anti-Sm, dsDNA, Nuc and Rib-P) were retested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and further analyzed with SLE disease cohort using McNemar test.Results The positive rate and specificity of CLIA and LIA for antibodies to ANA specific antigens were comparable.Excellent qualitative coincidence were found between CLIA and LIA for the detection of anti-RNP, SSA/Ro60, SSB/La and CENPB (Kappa>0.75), while the coincidence rate foranti-Sm, dsDNA, Nuc and Rib-P detection were moderate (0.4

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 370-374,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620095

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of different concentrations of iguratimod (IGU) on mouse model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.Methods A total of 108 female C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group,the model group,the low dose IGU group,the moderate dose IGU group,high dose with group and the methylprednisolone (MP) group (n=18 in each group).The mice in the control group were injected with 0.2 ml normal saline endotracheally,and others were injected with 0.2 ml bleomycin (5 mg/kg) from endotracheally to induce pulmonary fibrosis model.The next day,the mice in both control group and the model group were fed with 0.2 ml normal saline every day;The mice in the IGU groups and methylprednisolone group were fed with 0.2 ml iguratimod liquid the IGU (10,30,90 mg/kg) and 0.2 ml methylprednisolone (10 mg/kg) every dayrespectively.Finally the mice were sacrificed at day 7,day 14,day 28 respectively,and the lung tissue was examined by HE staining and Masson staining to evaluate the degree of alveolitis and fibrosis.Repeated measurement of variance analysis was used to compare the differences for time and group,and multi-factor analysis of variance LSD test was used for the comparison between groups.Results ① The body mass of mice in bleomycin-induced groups were decreased compared to the control group.② The pathological alveolitis scores in the high dose IGU group and methylprednisolone group were significantly decreased compared to those of the model IGU group at day 7 and day 14 (P<0.05),and the pathological fibrosis scores were decreased dramatically compared with the model group at day 14 and day 28 (P<0.05).Conclusion High concentration of IGU and methylprednisolone can reduce and inhibit lung inflammation and fibrosis of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 409-412, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620090

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of interleukin-35 (IL-35) in serum of mice with pulmonary interstitial fibrosis.Methods Thirty-six C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups (twelve mice in each group):control group,model group of mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis,glucocorticoid treatment group of mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.The mice were sacrificed at day 7,day 14 and day 28 respectively,and the serum concentration of IL-35 was assayed.Statistical product and service solutions (SPSS) 17.0 statistical software was used for single factor analysis of variance and LSD-t comparison and Pearson correlation analysis was used for the comparison between each two groups.Results The serum IL-35 concentrations between groups and within groups at the time of day 7,day 14 and day 28 were compared respectively.The serum IL-35 concentration of the model group was significantly lower than the control group and the glucocorticoid treatment group at the time of day 7 (F=24.56,P<0.05).The serum IL-35 concentration of glucocorticoid treatment group was significantly lower than the control group at the time of day 14 (F=8.85,P<0.05),and which of glucocorticoid treatment group was significantly lower than the control group and the model group at the time of day 28 (F=36.64,P<0.05).There was no significant difference between days 28 and day 7 within control group (t=1.03,P>0.05).The serum IL-35 concentration of the model group at the time of day 28 was significantly higher than those of day 7 [(9.36±0.95) ng/ml vs (6.51±0.58) ng/ml,t=5.14,P<0.05],and which of glucocorticoid treatment group was significantly lower than those of day 7 [(5.27±1.01) ng/ml vs (9.42±0.84) ng/ml,t=6.32,P<0.05].From day 7 to day 28 the serum IL-35 concentration change of the model group and glucocorticoid treatment group showed significantly negative correlation (r =-0.743,P<0.05).Conclusion Serum IL-35 concentration has shown an trend of increase during bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis with mice model,and early glucocorticoid treatment can decrease the serum IL-35 in the model mice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 547-551,前插2, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671187

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of methylprednisolone (MP) on the development of coronary arteritis in a murine model of Kawasaki disease (KD) induced with a candida albicaus watersoluble fraction (CAWS).Methods Forty-five C57BIL/6mice were evenly divided into three groups (the control group,the CAWS group and the MP group).Mice in the CAWS group were intraperitoneally injected phosphate buffer saline (PBS) for 5 days.MP or PBS was administered to the different group.The animals were sacrificed at day 3,day 10 and day 28,and the status of vasculitis in the coronary arteries and the aortic root was investigated histologically.One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the differences among three groups,and t-test for two independent groups.Results The mice in CAWS group and MP group,which induced by CAWS,showed that the body weight and heart weight decreased significantly,and the spleen weight was increased at day 10 and day 28 (P<0.05).Vasculitis was induced in the mice of those two groups,and the severity score was the highest at day 10 (12.7±0.5).In addition,the severity of the inflammation of the aortic root and the coronary arteries were reduced in MP group (t=6.35,5.55,2.8,P<0.05).Elastic fiber staining showed that the layers of vascular walls were in disorder and elastic fibers were broken in the CAWS group.However,there was no disruption or breakage in the MP group.Conclusion MP can suppress the progression of coronary arteritis in this CAWS-induced murine vasculitis model,which indicates the efficacy of MP in KD patients with coronary artery lesions.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 512-517,后插1, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603004

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-5 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and osteoarthritis (OA) in Beijing.Methods In this case-control study 166 OA patients and 204 normal controls were collected from Beijing.Sorted gene type by SNaPshot technique,and analyzed the difference of allele and genotype frequencies between OA and the controls.The correlation of linkage disequilibrium and haplotype of SNPs with OA was analyzed through Haploview softeware.Results Rs2132824 was the positive site with Bonferroni method after multiple testing correction (x2=0.1 1,P<0.05),of which allele frequencies had no significant difference between OA and the control (P>0.05).But in codominant genetic model,rs2132824 CT genotype with OA was inversely proportional to the risk of OA [OR (95%CI) was 0.52 (0.32,0.86),P<0.05],and TT genotype was directly proportional to the risk of OA [OR(95%CI) was 3.16 (1.55,6.47),P<0.05],while in recessive genetic model,TT genotype was in direct proportion to the risk of OA [OR (95%CI) was 3.99 (1.99,8.01),P<0.05].Linkage disequilibrium in SNPs of rs151065,rs229077,rs56153501,rs2830580 and rs58215296 did exist,which made haplotype of rs 151065-rs229077-rs56153501-rs2830580-rs58215296 (G-T-A-C-A) directly proportional to the risk of OA [OR(95%CI) was 1.874(1.019,3.446),P<0.05].Conclusion ADAMTS-5 gene SNP is associated with OA susceptibility risk in Beijing.Genotype CT of rs2132824 is a low risk factor for OA while TT is a hygh risk factor.Haplotype of G-T-A-C-A is connected with high risk of OA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483070

ABSTRACT

Six patients with Neuro-Behcet disease (NBD) were admitted in Beijing Hospital from 2000 to 2014,during the same period 344 NBD cases were reported in the literature.The clinical data of 350 Chinese NBD patients,including the symptoms,signs,laboratory tests,imaging,treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.The average onset age was 36.7 years old.The average interval time from Behcet disease (BD) to NBD was 5.6 years.NBD often occurred in male,the male/female ratio was 1.94:1.The most common manifestations were oral ulcer 94.9% (277/292),followed by genital ulcer 69.1% (215/311) and fever 42.1% (131/311).The most common symptoms in neurology were limb weakness (36.9%,129/350),headache (34.0%,119/350) and sensory disturbance (21.1%,74/350),followed by bulbar symptoms (11.4%,40/350),pyramidal sign was most often (27.1%,95/350).The central neurology system (CNS) was the major target of NBD,parenchymal CNS was affected most (88.0%,308/350),non-parenchymal CNS was affected less (5.7%,20/350),peripheral neurology system (PNS) was rarely affected (6.9%,24/350).Steroids were the first-line drug for NBD,if it failed,immunosuppressive agents or biologic agents could be used.The most NBD patients had single episodes,32.0% (49/153) had relapses with remission,7.7% (27/350) had adverse prognosis.Analysis showed that NBD should be paid more attention.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 988-991, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482879

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of 5-Aza-CdR (methylation transferase inhibitor) on gene expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β),transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in chondrocytes.Methods Chondrocytes from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) (n=22),rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n=3) or trauma without rheumatic diseases (n=10) were collected and cultured.The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).Chondrocytes in trauma group were treated with 5-Aza-CdR(10μmol/L) for 72 h,and the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA,respectively.Results The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS were increased in OA and RA group as compared with trauma group (P<0.05),while they had no differences between OA and RA groups.After treated with 5-Aza-CdR,the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS in chondrocytes rised in trauma group as compared with pretreatment (all P<0.05).Conclusions The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS in chondroytes are higher in OA and RA patients.5-Aza-CdR could increase the mRNA and protein expression levels of IL-1β,TGF-β and NOS by inducing relative gene methylation,which suggests demethylation might play a role in OA pathogenesis by influncing the inflammatory signal pathway or cell apoptosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 606-609, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450249

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect serum level of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients,and analyze the correlation between serum TSP-1 level and disease activity in elderly versus young and middle aged RA patients in order to provide the basis for diagnosis and evaluation of RA.Methods Peripheral blood was collected from 98 RA patients (including 33 elderly,65 young and middle-aged RA patients) and 58 healthy controls.Serum TSP-1 levels were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Difference in TSP-1 level between RA patients and healthy controls was analyzed.Correlations of TSP-1 level with disease activity parameters of number of tender joints and swelling joints,disease activity score (DAS28 score) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),levels of C-reactive protein (CRP),rheumatoid factor (RF),immunoglobin G (IgG),immunoglobin A (IgA) and immunoglobin M (IgM) were analyzed in elderly versus young and middle-aged RA patients.Spearman's and Pearson's correlation analysis were performed.Results TSP-1 level was significantly higher in RA patients than in healthy controls (P<0.01).TSP-1 level was correlated with number of swelling joints and DAS28 score in RA patients (r=0.246 and 0.241,both P<0.05).In elderly RA patients,TSP-1 level was correlated with number of swelling joints (r=0.377,P<0.05),meanwhile significantly positive correlations of TSP-1 level with DAS28 score and rheumatoid factor level were observed in young and middle-aged RA patients (r =0.243 and 0.326,both P< 0.05).Conclusions TSP-1 may play roles in the development of RA and its determination may benefit evaluating disease activity.In elderly RA patients,TSP-1 level may reflect severity of rheumatoid arthritis and may be a novel biomarker to the evaluation of disease severity.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 182-186, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425910

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the gene expression profiling of articular chondrocyte and the function and pathway of the differentially expressed genes in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) by using gene microarray technique.MethodsThree patients with OA,three patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) and three traumatic controls without arthritis were selected and were divided into OA versus RA and OA versus the traumatic control groups,and their articular cartilage cells were cultivated.The gene expression profiling was performed by human genome oligonucleotide microarray technique.The differences of gene expression of the articular chondrocyte in OA versus RA group and OA versus the traumatic control group were compared respectively by two class unpaired test using significant analysis of microarray software.The function and pathway of these differentially expressed genes were analyzed by using the database of Molecule Annotation System.ResultsThe number of differentially expressed genes was 145 when OA compared with the traumatic control,in which 70 were up-regulated and 75 were down-regulated; and the number was 281 when OA were compared with RA,in which 94 were up-regnlated and 187 were down-regulated.The Gene Onto-logy (GO) functions of the differentially expressed genes of OA in each group were related to pathological and immune courses including cellular process,physiological process,cell division,biological regulation and cell signal transduction.The statistically significant pathways of these genes in each group included apoptosis pathway,cell cycle pathway,P53 signaling pathway,Fas signaling pathway,NO pathway,apeptotic cascade pathway,focal adhesion pathway, ECM-receptor interaction pathway, tight junction pathway, adhesive bonding pathway,actin cytoskeleton regulation pathway,bone remodeling pathway,chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis pathway,Jak-STAT signaling pathway,Wnt signaling pathway,Toll recepor signaling pathway,cell adhesion molecules pathway,T cell receptor signaling pathway,and s o on (P<0.05).They displayed not only marked dif-ferences in GO function and gene pathway of differentially expressed genes between OA versus RA group and OA versus the traumatic control group,but also displayed the significant overlapping of the differentially expressed genes and pathways between the two groups.ConclusionThe differentially expressed genes and pathways of articular chondrocytes involve apoptosis,extracellular matrix and cytokines in OA,which contri-bute to further study of early warning genes of OA.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 102-106, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424751

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo examine the clinical features of fractures and related risk factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in China.MethodsSix hundred and eighty-one RA patients were randomly selected from department of rheumatology of 18 hospitals of China.Data were obtained from the questionnaire,including age,sex,disease duration,the involvement of joints,treatment regimen,features of fractures etc.The possible risk factors of fracture in patients with RA were analyzed with a multi-variate Logistic regression analysis.Results① In 681 RA patients of the survey,48 patients had 54 fractures,and the incidence of fractures was about 8%.② Fractures occurred at various sites.Foot/ankle,femur,spine and wrist were the mostfrequent sites.③ The Logistic regression analysis showed that several factors increased the risk of fracture in RA patients,including long disease duration (OR:1.245,95%CI:0.987-1.570,P=0.065),male gender(OR:0.433,95%CI:0.199-0.942,P=0.035),more deformed joints(OR:1.042,95%CI:1.006-1.079,P=0.023),family history of RA (OR:2.201,95%CI:0.984-4.923,P=0.055),and high scores of SF-36(OR:1.017,95%CI:1.002-1.033,P=0.028).④ According to the degree of correlation from strong to weak,the risk factors of fracture were disease duration,SF-36,sex,number of deformed joints and family history of rheumatoid arthritis.ConclusionThe incidence of fracture is high in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Several factors could increase the risk of fractures in RA patients,including long disease duration,male gender,more deformed joints,and family history of RA.In order to prevent the occurrence of fractures,cautions should be taken to prevent the development of fractures and treat the disease aggressively to suppress the disease activity of RA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 220-223, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418617

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify novel markers such as THRA or TCL1 in Sj(o)gren's syndrome (SS) patients to discriminate them from hcalthy volunteers.Methods Experimental group (n=40) and healthy volunteer group (n=40) were recruited based on strict inclusion and exclusion criteria.Peripheral blood samples (9 ml) were collected and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were separated by Ficoll gradient centrifugation.RNA was extracted using Trizol reagent,and the expression of THRA,TCL1 in PBMCs was detected by real-time PCR.And the data were processed with Wilcoxon test and t test (P<0.05).Results TCL1 and THRA expression level are higher in SS patients (2.5±4.7) than healthy volunteers (Z=-2.045,P<0.05).The TCLI expression level (4.4±3.8) is higher in high lymphadenopathy activation index patients (2 to 3grade) than that in low lymphadenopathy activation index patients (grade 0 to 1 ) (t=-2.319,P<0.05 ).Conclusion TCL1 expression level is higher in SS patients,and TCL1 expression level is related to the severity of lymphadenopathy,which provide a new platform of the study for the pathogenesis,disease severity evaluation,even dia-gnosis and treatment of SS.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of 5-Aza-CdR( methylation transferase inhibitor) on the expression levels of leptin gene in chondrocytes and methylation states of leptin promoter region between osteoarthritis (OA) group and control. Methods The chondrocytes in osteoarthritis group were treated with 5-Aza-CdR with different doses and time-points, and the expression level of leptin was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction for picking up the optimum dose and time-point. Next, the chondrocytes in 5 osteoarthritis patients and 5 control patients (amputation due to severe trauma) were treated with 5-Aza-CdR. Lastly, leptin mRNA expression levels in the four groups osteoarthritis and control chondrocytes treated with/without 5-Aza-CdR were measured by real-time PCR and the methylation state of promoter region ( - 280- + 79) was detected by epityper quantitative DNA methylation analysis. Results ( 1 ) After treating the chondrocytes in OA groups with 10 μmol/L 5-Aza-CdR for 72 h, the mRNA expression levels of leptin were increased significantly. ( 2 ) The mRNA expression levels of leptin were significantly different among the four groups ( P < 0. 05 ), and the chondrocytes in osteoarthritis groups treated with 5-Aza-CdR showed a marked induction of leptin mRNA expression. (3) Analysis of quantitative methylation data using an unsupervised hierarchical clustering algorithm, showed that methylation patterns of leptin promoter was different between control and osteoarthritis chondrocyte treated with/without 5-Aza-CdR. Conclusion Demethylation of leptin promoter might up-regulate leptin gene expression level and it might contribute to osteoarthritis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 667-670, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424275

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in clinical, laboratory and therapeutic aspects of primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) between young/middle-age group and old group.Methods The 84 pSS patients were divided into the young and middle-age group (n=54) and the old group (n = 30). The differences in clinical features, laboratory indices and drug therapy were retrospectively analyzed. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results The positive incidences of xerostomia, dry eye symptom and rampant teeth were 80.0%, 76.7% and 43.3%respectively in the old group. And they were all significantly higher than in young and middle-aged group (57.4%, 51.9% and 20.4%, all P<0. 05). The positive rates of rheumatoid factor (RF)elevation, antiRo/SSA and antiLa/SSB antibodies were 13. 0%, 36.7% and 16.7% in the old group,and significantly lower than in young and middle-age group (44.4%, 59.3% and 42.6%, all P<0.05). The incidences of leukopenia and thyroid gland involvement were much lower in the aged group (13.3% and 10.0%) than in the young and middle-age group (48. 1% and 37.0%, P<0. 05). The percentage of patients receiving hydroxychloroquine as the main medicine was much lower in the aged group than in the young and middle-age group (16.7% vs. 40. 7%, P<0. 05), while percentage of treatment with exclusive glucosides of Paeony Capsules was much higher (33.3% vs. 14.8%, P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between two groups in ophthalmological examination,immunoglobulin level and sialography. Conclusions Those pSS patients with late onset exhibit more abnormalities in clinical parameters, but fewer in immunological parameters, which may be helpful in estimating prognosis and pathogenetic factors in pSS.

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