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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the tissue response and the biomineralization ability of CER prepared with epoxy resin or water compared to Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). Material and Methods: Polyethylene tubes containing materials or empty tubes for control were inserted into the subcutaneous tissues of 30 rats. After 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days, the rats were killed and the tubes were removed for analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining, von Kossa staining, and under polarized light. Inflammation was graded through a score system; the thickness of the fibrous capsule was classified as thin or thick; the biomineralization ability was recorded as present or absent. The results were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test (p<0.05). Results: Histologic analysis performed after 7 and 15 days for CER prepared with epoxy resin or water and for MTA showed moderate inflammation and a thick fibrous capsule (p>0.05). After 30, 60, and 90 days, mild inflammation, and a thin fibrous capsule were observed in all groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: All materials had structures positive for von Kossa and birefringent to polarized light. CER epoxy resin showed biocompatibility and biomineralization similar to CER water and MTA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Biocompatible Materials , Endodontics , Biomineralization , Brazil , Statistics, Nonparametric
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210483, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate whether probiotics multi-strain formula affects the development of apical periodontitis (AP) induced in rats. Methodology 16 Wistar rats were divided in two groups (n=8): rats with AP fed with regular diet (Control-C (CG)); rats with AP, fed with regular diet and supplemented with multi-strain formula (one billion colony-forming units (CFU)): GNC Probiotic Complex (PCG) ( Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus salivaris, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium animalis subs. lactis and Streptococcus thermofilus ). AP was induced in the upper and lower first molars by dental pulp exposure to the oral environment. PCG was administered orally through gavage for 30 days during the AP development. After this period the animals were euthanized and the mandibles were removed and processed for histologic analysis, and immunochemical assays for interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, IL-1β, RANKL, OPG, and TRAP. The Mann-Whitney U test and Student's t test were performed (P<.05). Results The CG showed more intense inflammatory infiltrate than the PCG group (P<.05). IL-1β, IL 6 and RANKL decreased in the PCG group compared with CG (P<.05). The IL-10 level increased in the PCG group (P<.05). The OPG level was similar in both groups (P>.05). The number of mature osteoclasts (TRAP-positive multinucleated cells) was lower in PCG group when compared to the CG (P<.05). Conclusion Probiotic Complex modulates inflammation and bone resorption in apical periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Probiotics , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Supplements
3.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 63-69, Sept-Dec.2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347990

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) ocorre em cerca de 5% das hospitalizações e até 30% das internações em UTI, possuindo taxas de mortalidade entre 15% e 60%. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi analisar diferentes protocolos de indução da IRA em modelo animal, buscando a padronização do modelo para o estudo da relação bidirecional com a periodontite apical (PA). Métodos: Foram utilizados vinte e quatro ratos divididos em três grupos (n=8): G1) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 80mg/Kg/dia durante cinco dias; G2) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 100mg/kg/dia durante oito dias; e G3) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 100mg/kg/dia durante dez dias. A PA foi induzida em todos os grupos por meio da exposição pulpar dos primeiros e segundos molares superiores e inferiores do lado direito. Após trinta dias da exposição pulpar, os animais foram eutanasiados; os rins, coletados para análise histológica em HE; e as maxilas e mandíbulas, removidas para análise radiográfica. Resultados: A presença da PA foi confirmada em todos os espécimes pelo exame radiográfico. O grupo G3 apresentou índice de mortalidade de 75%, enquanto G1 e G2 não apresentaram mortalidade. Histologicamente, o tecido renal do grupo G2 apresentou alterações teciduais, como dilatação e necrose tubular mais severa, quando comparado ao grupo G1 (p<0,05). Conclusão: Diante do alto índice de mortalidade observado em G3 e dos achados histológicos observados em G1 e G2, o protocolo indicado para o estudo da relação bidirecional com a periodontite apical é o de 100mg/kg/dia durante oito dias (AU).


Introduction: Acute Renal Failure (ARF) occurs in about 5% of hospitalizations and up to 30% of ICU admissions, with mortality rates between 15% and 60%. The objective of this study was to analyze different protocols for the induction of IRA in an animal model, seeking the standardization of the model for the study of bidirectional relationship with apical periodontitis (AP). Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups (n = 8): G1 - Administration of Gentamicin at a dose of 80mg/ kg/day for 5 days; G2 - Administration of Gentamicin at the dose of 100mg/kg/day for 8 days; G3 - Administration of Gentamicin at the dosage of 100mg/kg/day for 10 days. The AP was induced in all groups by means of pulp exposure of the first and second upper and lower molars from the right side. After 30 days, the animals were euthanized, the kidneys collected for histological analysis, and the jaws removed for radiographic analysis. Results: The presence of AP was confirmed in all specimens by radiographic examination. The G3 group had a mortality rate of 75% while G1 and G2 had no mortality. Histologically, the renal tissue of the G2 protocol presented tissue changes such as dilation and more severe tubular necrosis when compared to the G1 protocol (p <0.05). Conclusion: In view of the high mortality rate observed in G3 and the histological findings observed in G1 and G2, the indicated protocol is 100mg/kg/day for 8 days to study the bidirectional relationship with apical periodontitis (AU).


Subject(s)
Periapical Periodontitis , Reference Standards , Renal Insufficiency , Kidney/injuries , Gentamicins , Dosage
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 477-484, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132331

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a biocompatibilidade, biomineralização e maturação das fibras de colágeno induzidas por Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; fosfato β-tricálcico [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; vidro bioativo) e DM Bone® (DMB; hidroxiapatita e β-TCP) in vivo. Sessenta e quatro tubos de polietileno com ou sem (grupo controle; GC) os materiais (n=8/grupo/período) foram implantados aleatoriamente em tecido subcutâneo de 16 ratos machos Wistar (quatro por rato), pesando entre 250 a 280g. Os ratos foram mortos após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), e as amostras foram removidas para análise da inflamação utilizando hematoxilina-eosina; avaliação da biomineralização utilizando coloração de von Kossa (VK) e luz polarizada (LP); e maturação das fibras colágenas, utilizando picrosirius red (PSR). Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn, e os paramétricos pelo teste de one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). Aos 7 dias, todos os grupos induziram inflamação moderada (p>0,05). Aos 30 dias, houve inflamação leve nos grupos BIOG e GC, e inflamação moderada nos grupos RTR e DMB, com diferença significativa entre os GC e RTR (p<0,05). A cápsula fibrosa foi espessa aos 7 dias, e predominantemente fina aos 30 dias em todos os grupos. Todos os materiais exibiram estruturas positivas para VK e LP. Fibras colágenas imaturas foram predominantes aos 7 e 30 dias em todos os grupos (p>0,05), embora o DMB exibiu fibras mais maduras do que o BIOG aos 30 dias (p<0,05). RTR, BIOG e DMB foram biocompatíveis, induzindo inflamação que reduziu com o tempo, e biomineralização no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. O DMB exibiu mais fibras colágenas maduras do que o BIOG em período mais longo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue
5.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 34-41, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344542

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência de diferentes plugs de proteção, acomodados sobre o remanescente da obturação após preparo para pino, na retenção de pinos metálicos fundidos. Métodos: Cinquenta dentes bovinos foram decoronados, manualmente instrumentados até a lima manual Kerr #80 e obturados. A desobturação parcial de 10mm do conduto foi realizada com uma broca Largo e os grupos foram divididos de acordo com os diferentes materiais utilizados como plugs (n=10): Grupo I (Controle, sem plug); Grupo II (plug de Coltosol®); Grupo III (plug, em consistência de massa, de Sealapex® + óxido de zinco); Grupo IV (plug de etil-cianoacrilato); e Grupo V (plug de fosfato de zinco). Uma camada de 1mm de espessura dos diferentes plugs (Grupos II, III, IV ou V) foi acomodada sobre a obturação remanescente. Os espécimes foram selados e armazenados em 100% de umidade, por 7 dias. Após moldagem do conduto, foram confeccionados pinos metálicos fundidos e cimentados com fosfato de zinco. Os espécimes permaneceram em câmara úmida por 45 dias antes do teste de tração, realizado em uma máquina universal de ensaios. Os valores foram expressos em Mega pascal (MPa) e submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados: O etilcianoacrilato diminuiu a retenção dos pinos metálicos fundidos (p<0,01). Não houve diferença entre os outros grupos (p>0,05), semelhante- mente ao controle. Conclusão: A proteção da obturação com plugs confeccionados com etil-cianoacrilato prejudica a retenção de pinos metálicos fundidos cimentados com fosfato de zinco, enquanto Sealapex® acrescido de óxido de zinco, fosfato de zinco endurecido ou Coltosol® não interferem na adesividade (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cementation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Traction , Zinc Oxide , In Vitro Techniques , Adhesiveness
6.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 54-61, Jan-Apr2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344238

ABSTRACT

Pacientes submetidos à clareação dentária relatam sensibilidade pós-operatória relacionada ao peróxido de hidrogênio (H2 O2 ) que penetra no tecido pulpar. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito anti-inflamatório do ibuprofeno, Otosporin® e gel de curcumina na polpa dentária de ratos após procedimento clareador. Métodos: Cinquenta ratos foram divididos em GC ­ controle (gel placebo); CLA ­ clareação (H2 O2 35%, 30 minutos); CLA-I ­ clareação e administração oral de ibuprofeno (duas vezes a cada 12 horas, 2 dias sucessivos); CLA-O ­ clareação seguida da aplicação de Otosporin® nas superfícies dos molares (10 minutos); e CLA-C ­ sessão clareadora seguida do gel de curcumina (10 minutos). Após dois dias, os ratos foram mortos para análise histológica e testes estatísticos foram realizados(p<0,05). Resultados: CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C apresentaram inflamação severa ou necrose no terço oclusal da polpa coronária (p>0,05); CLA-O apresentou inflamação leve e foi semelhante ao GC (p>0,05) e dife- rente dos outros grupos (p<0,05). No terço médio, o grupo CLA-O apresentou menor infiltrado inflamatório e permaneceu diferente do grupo CLA (p<0,05); CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C foram semelhantes (p>0,05). No terço cervical, CLA, CLA-I e CLA-C tiveram redução da inflamação, sem diferença entre os grupos clareados (p>0,05). Conclusões: O Otosporin® pode reduzir a inflamação na polpa após clareação dentária; esse resultado não foi observado utilizando ibuprofeno ou gel de curcumina. Portanto, esse estudo mostra uma nova possibilidade de pós-tratamento em dentes clareados por meio do uso de Otosporin®, que minimiza a inflamação gerada ao tecido pulpar pelo gel clareador. Consequentemente, poderá haver redução da sensibilidade pós-operatória (AU).


Introduction: Patients undergoing dental bleaching relate to postoperative sensitivity, that is linked to hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) penetrating on the dental pulp. This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of ibuprofen, Otosporin®, and curcumin gel on the pulp of the rats' teeth after bleaching. Methods: Fifty rats were divided into CG: controlplacebo gel; BLE: bleached (35% H2O2, 30 minutes); BLE-I: bleached and ibuprofen oral administration (twice every 12 hours in 2 successive days); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® application in the molar surfaces (10 minutes); and BLE-C: bleaching session followed curcumin gel (10 minutes). After two days, the rats were killed for histological analysis. Statistical tests were performed (P<.05). Results: BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C had severe inflammation or necrosis in the occlusal third of coronal pulp (P>.05); BLE-O had mild inflammation and was similar from CG (P>.05) and different from other groups (P<.05). In the middle third, BLE-O group had lower inflammatory infiltration and remained different from BLE group (P<.05); BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C were similar (P>.05). In the cervical third, BLE, BLE-I, and BLE-C had a reduction of inflammation, without difference between bleached groups (P>.05). Conclusions: Otosporin® can reduce the inflammation in the pulp after dental bleaching; this result was not observed using ibuprofen or curcumin gel. Therefore, this study shows a new teeth bleaching posttreatment possibility using Otosporin®, which minimizes the inflammation generated to the pulp tissue by the bleaching gel. This could consequently minimize the postoperative sensitivity (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Pulp , Hydrogen Peroxide , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Curcumin
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190384, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study evaluated if the use of a bioactive glass-ceramic-based gel, named Biosilicate (BS), before, after or mixed with bleaching gel, could influence the inflammation of the dental pulp tissue of rats' molars undergoing dental bleaching with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Methodology The upper molars of Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus) were divided into Ble: bleached (35% H2O2, 30-min); Ble-BS: bleached and followed by BS-based gel application (20 min); BS-Ble: BS-based gel application and then bleaching; BS/7d-Ble: BS-based gel applications for 7 days and then bleaching; Ble+BS: blend of H2O2 with BS-based gel (1:1, 30-min); and control: placebo gel. After 2 and 30 days (n=10), the rats were euthanized for histological evaluation. The Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests were performed (P<0.05). Results At 2 days, the Ble and Ble-BS groups had significant alterations in the pulp tissue, with an area of necrosis. The groups with the application of BS-based gel before H2O2 had moderate inflammation and partial disorganization in the occlusal third of the coronary pulp and were significantly different from the Ble in the middle and cervical thirds (P<0.05). The most favorable results were observed in the Ble+BS, which was similar to the control in all thirds of the coronary pulp (P>0.05). At 30 days, the pulp tissue was organized and the bleached groups presented tertiary dentin deposition. The Ble group had the highest deposition of tertiary dentin, followed by the Ble-BS, and both were different from control (P<0.05). Conclusion A single BS-based gel application beforehand or BS-based gel blended with a bleaching gel minimize the pulp damage induced by dental bleaching.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pulpitis/prevention & control , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Glass/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Pulpitis/chemically induced , Pulpitis/pathology , Time Factors , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp/pathology , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects , Molar
8.
Dent. press endod ; 9(3): 82-88, Sept-Dec.2019. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343991

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: apresentar o relato de um caso de tratamento viável para molar inferior permanente endodonticamente tratado que apresentou sintomatologia após 6 meses do tratamento endodôntico. Uma vez que retratamento endodôntico ou cirurgia parendodôntica não eram indicados, o reimplante intencional foi a técnica escolhida. Relato de caso: uma hora antes do procedimento, o paciente fez bochecho com gluconato de clorexidina a 0,12% e foi preparado para cirurgia com anestesia dos nervos alveolar inferior e lingual, realizada com mepivacaína 2% contendo 1:100.000 de adrenalina. O procedimento teve início com extração menos traumática possível, envolvendo-se imediatamente o dente extraído em gaze umedecida com soro fisiológico, enquanto as raízes foram avaliadas para presença de fraturas, seguida da apicectomia. As cavidades foram retroinstrumentadas com broca de alta rotação sob irrigação com soro fisiológico e, para a retro-obturação, foi utilizado agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) branco. Imediatamente, o dente foi reposicionado no alvéolo e estabilizado por suturas com fio de seda 4-0. Após um ano, o paciente retornou para controle radiográfico e clínico, o qual não revelou mais resposta à percussão vertical. Após 10 anos, a imagem radiográfica mostra reparo apical, sem indícios de reabsorção radicular ou lesão periapical. Conclusão: o exame clínico, associado à ausência dor e mobilidade normal do dente, confirmou o sucesso do tratamento, indicando esse como uma alternativa válida quando o implante não for acessível para o paciente. Essa técnica pode ajudar a restaurar a função de um dente original, em vez de substituí-lo por prótese ou implante dentário (AU).


Objective: This case report shows a successful viable treatment for an endodontically treated permanent mandibular molar which presented clinical symptoms 6 months after the endodontic treatment. Since endodontic retreatment or paraendodontic surgery were not indicated, the chosen technique was intentional replantation. Case Report: One hour before the procedure, the patient rinsed his mouth with chlorhexidine gluconate 0.12%. The patient was prepared for surgery and profound inferior alveolar and lingual nerve block anesthesia was achieved with 2% mepivacaine containing 1/100,000 adrenaline. The procedure started with the least traumatic extraction as possible and immediately wrapping the extracted tooth in physiological saline-moistened gauze, while the roots were evaluated for vertical fractures, followed by apicoectomy. The cavities were retro-prepared with high-speed bur under irrigation with physiological saline and white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used for retrofilling. Immediately, the tooth was repositioned in the alveolus. Two 4-0 silk sutures were used to suture and stabilize the tooth. After one year, the patient returned for radiographic and clinical control, which revealed no more response to vertical percussion. After 10 years, the images show radiographic apical repair, without evidence of root resorption or periapical lesion. Conclusion: Clinical examination associated with the reported absence of pain and normal mobility confirmed the procedure's success, indicating this treatment as a valid alternative when an implant is not viable. This technique may help restore an original tooth to function instead of replacing it with a prosthetic or a dental implant (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Apicoectomy , Tooth Replantation , Chlorhexidine , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth Apex , Molar
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 325-332, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011568

ABSTRACT

Abstract New mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) formulations are constantly introduced in the market, usually in a powder-and-liquid form. Bioceramic (Bio-C) Repair is a ready-for-use material suggested as substitute for MTA, but its properties need to be studied. This study evaluated the cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and biomineralization of Bio-C Repair compared to MTA Repair High-Plasticity (MTA-HP) and white MTA-Angelus (MTA-Ang). L929 fibroblasts were exposed to material-extracted (undiluted, ½ and » dilutions; 6, 24 and 48h). Polyethylene tubes with material or empty (control) were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. After 7 and 30 days (n=8), the specimens were removed for analysis (hematoxylin-eosin, von Kossa and polarized light). Cytotoxicity data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA, and biocompatibility data by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p<0.05). The cells exposed to the materials had greater viability at most of the periods compared with control (p<0.05). The undiluted and ½ dilutions of MTA-HP extract showed higher cytocompatibility than Bio-C Repair at 6 h and with the » dilution at 24 h (p<0.05); the white MTA-Ang showed higher cytocompatibility than Bio-C Repair at most of periods (p<0.05). The undiluted white MTA-Ang extract had higher cytocompatibility at 6 and 24h than MTA-HP, and with ½ dilution at 24h (p<0.05). The materials' cytocompatibility was similar at 48h for most dilutions (p>0.05). At 7 and 30 days, the groups had moderate and mild inflammation, respectively (p>0.05). All materials showed positive structures for von Kossa and polarized light. In conclusion, Bio-C Repair had similar cytocompatibility to MTA-based materials is biocompatible and induces biomineralization.


Resumo Novas formulações de agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) são constantemente introduzidas no mercado, geralmente em forma de pó e líquido. O Biocerâmico (Bio-C) Reparador (Repair) é um material pronto para uso sugerido como substituto do MTA, mas suas propriedades precisam ser estudadas. Este estudo avaliou a citotoxicidade, biocompatibilidade e biomineralização do Bio-C Repair comparado ao MTA-High Plasticity (MTA-HP) e MTA branco da Angelus (MTA-Ang). Fibroblastos L929 foram expostos a extratos dos materiais (não diluído, ½ e » diluições; 6, 24 e 48 h). Tubos de polietileno contendo os materiais ou vazios (controle) foram implantados no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. Após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), os espécimes foram removidos para análises (hematoxilina-eosina, von Kossa e luz polarizada). Os dados da citotoxicidade foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste de two-way ANOVA, e os dados da biocompatibilidade pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (p<0,05). As células expostas aos materiais apresentaram maior viabilidade celular na maior parte dos períodos, comparados com o controle (p<0,05). O extrato não diluído e ½ diluição do MTA-HP apresentaram maior citocompatibilidade do que Bio-C Repair às 6h, e com » diluição às 24h (p<0,05); o MTA-Ang branco apresentou maior citocompatibilidade do que o Bio-C Repair na maior parte dos períodos (p<0,05). O extrato não diluído do MTA-Ang branco apresentou maior citocompatibilidade às 6 e 24 h comparado ao MTA-HP, e com ½ diluição às 24h (p<0,05). A citocompatibilidade dos materiais foi semelhante às 48 h para a maior parte das diluições (p>0,05). Aos 7 e 30 dias, os grupos apresentaram inflamação moderada e leve, respectivamente (p>0,05). Todos os materiais mostraram estruturas positivas para von Kossa e luz polarizada. Em conclusão, o Bio-C Repair teve citocompatibilidade semelhante aos materiais à base de MTA, é biocompatível e induz à biomineralização.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Acrylic Resins , Materials Testing , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue , Drug Combinations
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e060, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011656

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of hypertension on tissue response and biomineralization capacity of white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), High-plasticity MTA (MTA HP), and Biodentine® (BDT) in rats. Polyethylene tubes filled with MTA, MTA HP, BDT, and the control group (empty tubes) were placed into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of 32 male rats (16 normotensive (NT) and 16 hypertensive rats - 8 per group). After 7 and 30 days, the polyethylene tubes surrounded by connective tissue were removed, fixed, and embedded in histological resin. The mean number of inflammatory cells was estimated in HE-stained sections, biomineralization was quantified as area (µm2) by Kossa (VK) staining, and examination by polarized light (LP) microscopy was performed. The differences amongst the groups were analyzed statistically by the Mann-Whitney or Student's t test, according to Shapiro-Wilk test of normality (p < 0.05). The inflammatory responses to all materials were greater in hypertensive rats than in NT rats (p < 0.05). Positive VK staining in MTA and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 and 30 days (p < 0.05). Birefringent structures in LP for MTA, MTA HP, and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 days (p<0.05). In rats, hypertension was able to increase inflammatory infiltrate and decrease biomineralization of the tested materials.


Subject(s)
Oxides/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/physiopathology , Biomineralization/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Drug Combinations , Hypertension/complications , Inflammation/physiopathology , Inflammation/pathology , Microscopy, Polarization
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 555-561, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bleaching gel containing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) cause damages in pulp tissue. This study investigated the action of a topical anti-inflammatory, the Otosporin®, in rats' bleached teeth with the null hypothesis of which the Otosporin® is no able to minimize the pulp inflammation that bleaching gel generates. The rat's molars were divided into groups: BLE: bleached (35% H2O2 concentration /single application of 30 min); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® (10 min); and control: placebo gel. In the second day after dental bleaching, the rats were killed, and the jaws were processed for hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry analysis for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17. The data collected were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests with at a 5% level of significance (p<0.05). The BLE group had moderate to strong inflammation in the occlusal third of the coronary pulp, with necrotic areas; and BLE-O, mild inflammation (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in the occlusal and middle thirds of the coronary pulp between the BLE with BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05). There was no difference in the cervical third (p>0.05). The BLE group had a high immunoexpression of TNF-α than BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05), with moderate and mild immunoexpression, respectively. Regarding IL-6 and IL-17, the BLE group had higher immunoexpression than control (p<0.05); the BLE-O was similar to the control (p>0.05). The topical anti-inflammatory Otosporin® can reduce pulp inflammation after dental bleaching in the rat teeth.


Resumo O gel clareador à base de peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2) causa danos ao tecido pulpar. Este estudo investigou a ação de um anti-inflamatório tópico, o Otosporin®, nos dentes de ratos clareados com a hipótese nula de que o Otosporin® não é capaz de minimizar a inflamação da polpa gerada pelo gel clareador. Os molares dos ratos foram divididos em grupos: ClA: clareado (H2O2 a 35% / aplicação única de 30 min); CLA-O: clareado seguido do Otosporin® (10 min); e controle: gel placebo. No segundo dia após a clareação dentária, os ratos foram mortos e suas maxilas foram processadas para análise de hematoxilina-eosina e imunohistoquímica para o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-a), interleucina (IL)-6 e IL-17. Os dados coletados foram submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn com um nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou inflamação moderada à severa no terço oclusal da polpa coronária, com áreas necróticas; e CLA-O, inflamação leve (p<0,05). Houve diferença significativa nos terços oclusal e médio da polpa coronária entre o grupo CLA com os grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no terço cervical (p>0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão para TNF-a comparado aos grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05), com imunoexpressão moderada e leve, respectivamente. Em relação a IL-6 e IL-17, o grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão comparado ao controle (p<0,05); o CLA-O foi semelhante ao controle (p>0,05). O anti-inflamatório tópico Otosporin® pode reduzir a inflamação pulpar após clareação em dentes de ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polymyxin B/pharmacology , Pulpitis/chemically induced , Pulpitis/prevention & control , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Hydrocortisone/pharmacology , Neomycin/pharmacology , Hydrocortisone/administration & dosage , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Administration, Topical , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Drug Combinations , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 173-178, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951527

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the prophylactic and therapeutic supplementation with omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (w-3 PUFAs) on the lipid profile and periapical bone resorption in rats with apical periodontitis. Forty male rats were divided into groups: control rats (C), rats treated with w-3 PUFAs (C+O), rats with pulp exposure-induced apical periodontitis (AP), and rats with AP treated with w-3 PUFAs (AP+O). The administration of w-3 PUFAs was carried out orally once a day for 15 days before pulp exposure and, subsequently, for an additional 30 days after pulp exposure. AP was induced by exposing pulpal tissues to the oral environment. The samples were collected after 30 days. Triglycerides and cholesterol levels were enzymatically measured using the Trinder method. The jaws were collected and submitted for histological analysis. Two-way analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis, and the significance was set at p<0.05. The triglyceride levels of the AP group were significantly higher than those of the C, C+O and AP+O groups (p<0.05). However, the difference in the cholesterol levels among the groups was not significant (p>0.05). Rats with AP showed larger areas of bone resorption as well as higher inflammatory intensity compared with rats with AP supplemented with w-3 PUFAs. It may be concluded that the presence of multiple AP foci increased the triglyceride levels. In addition, omega 3 supplementation might reduce these levels in rats with AP, as well as the bone resorption areas of periapical tissues.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da suplementação profilática e terapêutica com os ácidos graxos ômega-3 no perfil lipídico e na reabsorção óssea, em ratos com periodontite apical. Quarenta ratos machos foram divididos em grupos: ratos controle (C), ratos tratados com ácidos graxos ômega-3 (C+O), ratos com periodontite apical induzida por meio de exposição pulpar (PA), ratos com PA tratados com ácidos graxos ômega-3 (PA+O). A administração do ômega-3 foi realizada oralmente, uma vez ao dia durante 15 antes da exposição pulpar e, subsequentemente, por mais 30 dias depois da exposição pulpar. A PA foi induzida por meio da exposição do tecido pulpar ao ambiente oral. Após 30 dias, os ratos foram mortos e os níveis de triglicérides e colesterol foram mensurados pelo método enzimático de Trinder. As mandíbulas foram coletadas e submetidas à análise histológica. Análise de variância de dois fatores e teste de Kruskal-Wallis foram utilizados para análise estatística, e o nível de significância foi de p < 0,05. Os níveis de triglicérides do grupo PA foram significativamente maiores que dos grupos C, C+O e PA+O (p<0,05). Entretanto, não houve diferença significativa nos níveis de colesterol entre os grupos (p>0,05). Ratos com PA apresentaram maior área de reabsorção óssea bem como maior intensidade no infiltrado inflamatório comparados aos ratos com PA suplementados com ômega-3. Pode-se concluir que a presença de múltiplos focos de PA aumentou os níveis de triglicérides. Além disso, a suplementação com ômega-3 pode reduzir estes níveis em ratos com PA, bem como a área de reabsorção óssea dos tecidos periapicais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periapical Periodontitis/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Bone Resorption/prevention & control , Hypertriglyceridemia/drug therapy , Fatty Acids, Omega-3/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Cholesterol/blood , Rats, Wistar
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e42, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889494

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Based on aroeira's (Myracrodruon urundeuva) antimicrobial activity and a future trend to compose intracanal medication, the aim of this study was to assess in vivo inflamatory tissue response to the extracts by edemogenic and histological analysis containing inactivated facultative and anaerobic microorganisms. For edema quantification, eighteen animals were divided into three groups (n = 3, periods: 3 and 6 hours) and 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein under general anesthesia. After 30 min the animals received a subcutaneous injection in the dorsal region of aqueous or ethanolic extract of aroeira or saline (control) containing inactivated bacteria. Samples were collected, immersed in formamide for 72h, and evaluated by spectrophotometry (630 m). For histological analysis, polyethylene tubes with the extracts were implanted in the dorsal of 30 male rats. Analysis of the fibrous capsule and inflammatory infiltrate were performed after 7 and 30 days. The aqueous extract group induced less edema in both postoperative periods compared to the other groups, but the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). Tissue repair was significantly better after 30 days than after 7 days (p < 0.01). The aqueous solution showed less inflammatory response than the ethanolic solution (p < 0.05), with tendency for better results than control after 7 days. After 30 days, the response to both extracts was similar to control. The aqueous and ethanolic aroeira extracts containing inactivated microorganisms showed a trend for better results than saline, even when associated with microorganisms, and facilitated the tissue repair process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anacardiaceae/chemistry , Edema/prevention & control , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Inflammation/prevention & control , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/microbiology , Edema/pathology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/classification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/classification , Inflammation/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170043, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893713

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study verified the occurrence of dental sensitivity in patients submitted to a 35% hydrogen peroxide based product (Whiteness HP Maxx 35% - FGM), skin cold sensation threshold (SCST) and its influence on dental sensitivity. Material and Methods Sixty volunteers were divided into 4 groups (n = 15), according to SCST (low: GI and GIII, and high: GII and IV) and bleaching treatment (hydrogen peroxide: GI and GII, and placebo: GIII and GIV). SCST was determined in the inner forearm for 6 different times using a neurosensory analyzer, the TSA II (Medoc Advanced Medical Systems, Ramat Yishai, Northern District, Israel). Dental sensitivity measurements were performed 10 different times using a thermal stimulus and an intraoral device attached to TSA II, positioned in the buccal surface of the upper right central incisor. Spontaneous dental sensitivity was also determined using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Data were submitted to Student's t-test and Pearson's Correlation Test (α=0.05). SCST remained the same during bleaching treatment. Results Distinct responses of dental sensitivity were found in patients with low and high SCST during the first and third bleaching session (p≤0.05). The teeth submitted to the bleaching treatment became more sensitive to cold than those treated with placebo. Moreover, data obtained with TSA and VAS presented moderate correlation. Conclusions Bleaching treatment increased dental sensitivity and skin cold sensation threshold might represent a determining factor in this occurrence, since low and high SCST patients had different responses to the thermal stimulus in the teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Skin Temperature/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Dentin Sensitivity/chemically induced , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects , Reference Values , Sensory Thresholds , Time Factors , Pain Measurement , Placebo Effect , Treatment Outcome , Cold Temperature
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170284, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893698

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate dental sensitivity using visual analogue scale, a Computerized Visual Analogue Scale (CoVAS) and a neurosensory analyzer (TSA II) during at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide, with and without potassium oxalate. Materials and Methods Power Bleaching 10% containing potassium oxalate was used on one maxillary hemi-arch of the 25 volunteers, and Opalescence 10% was used on the opposite hemi-arch. Bleaching agents were used daily for 3 weeks. Analysis was performed before treatment, 24 hours later, 7, 14, and 21 days after the start of the treatment, and 7 days after its conclusion. The spontaneous tooth sensitivity was evaluated using the visual analogue scale and the sensitivity caused by a continuous 0°C stimulus was analyzed using CoVAS. The cold sensation threshold was also analyzed using the TSA II. The temperatures obtained were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results The data obtained with the other methods were also analyzed. 24 hours, 7 and 14 days before the beginning of the treatment, over 20% of the teeth presented spontaneous sensitivity, the normal condition was restored after the end of the treatment. Regarding the cold sensation temperatures, both products sensitized the teeth (p<0.05) and no differences were detected between the products in each period (p>0.05). In addition, when they were compared using CoVAS, Power Bleaching caused the highest levels of sensitivity in all study periods, with the exception of the 14th day of treatment. Conclusion We concluded that the bleaching treatment sensitized the teeth and the product with potassium oxalate was not able to modulate tooth sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Peroxides/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Urea/analogs & derivatives , Pain Measurement/methods , Dentin Sensitivity/diagnosis , Dentin Sensitivity/chemically induced , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Orotic Acid/therapeutic use , Peroxides/chemistry , Time Factors , Urea/adverse effects , Urea/chemistry , Severity of Illness Index , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Pain Threshold , Visual Analog Scale , Carbamide Peroxide
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(2): 157-163, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-906057

ABSTRACT

Objective: The at-home bleaching technique leads to the intimate contact of the bleaching gel with gingival tissues, so this study evaluated the immediate inflammatory response, through the edemogenic test, induced by at-home bleaching gels of 10% carbamide peroxide with different desensitizing agents, the quantification of hydrogen peroxide released and bleaching gels pH. Material and Methods: Forty-eight rats were divided into groups (n=12): CTRL-control group, WP-Whiteness Perfect 10% (FGM Produtos Odontológicos, Joinville, SC, Brazil), OPA-Opalescence 10% (Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, IT, USA), and PB-Power Bleaching (BM4, Palhoça, SC, Brazil). For the edemogenic test, all rats received an intravenous injection of Evan's Blue; after 30 min, 0.2 mL of each bleaching gels was injected into the subcutaneous tissue of the rats, and the results of the vascular permeability were assessed after 3 and 6h. The amount of HP released and pH of each product was also determined. Data were submitted to statistical test (p <0.05 ). Results: At 3h, the PB showed higher vascular permeability than the other groups. At 6h, the PB produced similar vascular permeability than WHI, and higher than OPA and CTRL groups. The OPA group had a higher vascular permeability at 6h compared to 3h; there is no difference in other groups. The PB group had higher HP concentrations than the other groups. Conclusion: In general, the PB caused a more considerable amount of inflammatory edema and higher amount of HP released. This results suggesting that these bleaching gels cause greater aggression in soft gingival tissues that eventually ends up in contact with bleaching products. (AU)


Objetivo: A técnica de clareamento domiciliar leva ao contato íntimo do gel clareador com tecidos gengivais, assim, este estudo avaliou a resposta inflamatória imediata, através do teste edemogênico, induzido por gel de clareamento caseiro à base de peróxido de carbamida a 10% com diferentes agentes dessensibilizantes, a quantificação de peróxido de hidrogênio liberado e o pH dos géis branqueadores. Material e Métodos: Quarenta e oito ratos foram divididos em 4 grupos (n = 12): grupocontrole CTRL, WP-Whiteness Perfect 10% (FGM Produtos Odontológicos, Joinville, SC, Brasil), OPA-Opalescence 10% (Ultradent Products Inc., South Jordan, IT, EUA) e PB-Power Bleaching (BM4, Palhoça, SC, Brasil). Para o teste edemogênico, todos os ratos receberam uma injeção intravenosa de Evan's Blue; após 30 min, 0,2 mL de cada gel clareador foi injetado no tecido subcutâneo dos ratos, e os resultados da permeabilidade vascular foram avaliados após 3 e 6 horas. A quantidade de HP liberada e o pH de cada produto também foram determinados. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste estatístico (P <0,05). Resultados: Às 3h, o PB apresentou maior permeabilidade vascular que os demais grupos. Às 6h, o PB produziu permeabilidade vascular semelhante ao WHI e maior que os grupos OPA e CTRL. O grupo OPA apresentou maior permeabilidade vascular às 6h em relação às 3h; Não existe essa diferença em outros grupos. O grupo PB apresentou maiores concentrações de HP que os demais grupos. Conclusão: Em geral, o PB causou maior quantidade de edema inflamatório e maior quantidade de HP liberado. Estes resultados sugerem que estes géis branqueadores causam maior agressividade nos tecidos gengivais moles que eventualmente acabam em contato com produtos de branqueamento. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capillary Permeability , Esthetics, Dental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Peroxides , Tooth Bleaching
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(5): 465-476, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tissue repair is an essential process that reestablishes tissue integrity and regular function. Nevertheless, different therapeutic factors and clinical conditions may interfere in this process of periapical healing. This review aims to discuss the important therapeutic factors associated with the clinical protocol used during root canal treatment and to highlight the systemic conditions associated with the periapical healing process of endodontically treated teeth. The antibacterial strategies indicated in the conventional treatment of an inflamed and infected pulp and the modulation of the host's immune response may assist in tissue repair, if wound healing has been hindered by infection. Systemic conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, can also inhibit wound healing. The success of root canal treatment is affected by the correct choice of clinical protocol. These factors are dependent on the sanitization process (instrumentation, irrigant solution, irrigating strategies, and intracanal dressing), the apical limit of the root canal preparation and obturation, and the quality of the sealer. The challenges affecting the healing process of endodontically treated teeth include control of the inflammation of pulp or infectious processes and simultaneous neutralization of unpredictable provocations to the periapical tissue. Along with these factors, one must understand the local and general clinical conditions (systemic health of the patient) that affect the outcome of root canal treatment prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Tissue/physiopathology , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Tooth, Nonvital/physiopathology , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 548-551, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Platelet count is associated with inflammatory diseases like diabetes mellitus (DM), which in turn, is related in a bidirectional manner with apical periodontitis and periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of apical periodontitis and/or periodontal disease on mean platelet count in a rat model of diabetes mellitus. Eighty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 8 groups (n=10): control (C), apical periodontitis (AP), periodontal disease (PD), apical periodontitis with periodontal disease (AP-PD), diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetes mellitus with apical periodontitis (DM-AP), diabetes mellitus with periodontal disease (DM-PD) and diabetes mellitus with apical periodontitis and periodontal disease (DM-AP-PD). Rats were anesthetized and DM was induced with a single dose of streptozotocin diluted in citrate buffer solution. After 6 days, the DM was confirmed. The animals were sedated and apical periodontitis was induced by dental exposure and periodontal disease was induced by periodontal ligature. After 30 days, animals were anesthetized and the blood was collected by cardiac puncture. Samples were processed and the mean platelet count was obtained. Data were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis (p<0.05). Diabetic rats had higher mean glycemic levels compared with nondiabetic rats at 6 and 36 days after DM induction (p<0.05). The DM-PD and DM-PD-AP groups showed increased mean platelet count compared to control and AP groups (p<0.05). The periodontal disease alone or associated with apical periodontitis influence mean platelet count in a rat model of diabetes mellitus.


Resumo A contagem de plaquetas está associada a doenças inflamatórias como a diabetes mellitus (DM), que, por sua vez, está relacionada de forma bidirecional com periodontite apical e com a doença periodontal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da periodontite apical e/ou da doença periodontal na contagem de plaquetas utilizando o modelo de rato para DM. Oitenta ratos Wistar foram divididos aleatoriamente em 8 grupos (n=10): controle (C), periodontite apical (AP), doença periodontal (PD), periodontite apical com doença periodontal (AP-PD), diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetes mellitus com periodontite apical (DM-AP), diabetes mellitus com doença periodontal (DM-PD) e diabetes mellitus com periodontite apical e doença periodontal (DM-AP-PD). Os ratos foram anestesiados e a DM foi induzida com uma dose única de estreptozotocina diluída na solução tampão citrato. Após 6 dias, o DM foi confirmada. Os animais foram sedados e a periodontite apical foi induzida pela exposição dentária e a doença periodontal foi induzida por ligadura periodontal. Após 30 dias, os animais foram anestesiados e o sangue foi coletado por punção cardíaca. As amostras foram processadas e a contagem média de plaquetas foi obtida. Os dados foram tabulados e submetidos a análise estatística (p <0,05). Os ratos diabéticos apresentaram níveis glicêmicos médios mais elevados em comparação com ratos não diabéticos aos 6 e 36 dias após a indução da DM (p <0,05). Os grupos DM-PD e DM-PD-AP mostraram aumento da contagem média de plaquetas em comparação com os grupos controle e AP (p <0,05). A doença periodontal isolada ou associada à periodontite apical influencia na contagem de plaquetas em modelo de rato para diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Platelet Count , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/blood , Periodontal Diseases/blood , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e43, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952091

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate edemogenic activity and subcutaneous inflammatory reaction induced by Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts associated with Ca(OH)2. Thirty male Wistar rats, split equally into three groups [aqueous extract + Ca(OH)2; ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2; and propylene glycol + Ca(OH)2], were assessed every 3 h or 6 h (five animals in each period). Under general anesthesia, 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein and each combination to be evaluated was subcutaneously injected into the dorsal region 30 min thereafter. Edemogenic activity was analyzed by spectrophotometry (λ=630 nm). For inflammatory reaction analysis, 50 rats received four polyethylene tubes (three experimental groups) and an empty tube (control group). The assessments were made at 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days, followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and by the assignment of scores for evaluation of tissue response intensity. Ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2 yielded the largest edemogenic activity at 3 h. Intergroup differences at 6 h were not significant. The histological analysis showed progressive repair over time (p<0.05) and aqueous and ethanolic extracts produced similar responses to those of the control and Ca(OH)2 + propylene glycol groups. Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts used as Ca(OH)2 vehicles evoked similar tissue response when compared to Ca(OH)2 associated with propylene glycol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Psidium/chemistry , Time Factors , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/pharmacology , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/chemistry , Materials Testing , Drug Carriers , Water/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Ethanol/pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 20(4): 85-92, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-877979

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Evaluate, in vivo, the influence of mixing failures on endodontic sealers. Material and Methods: To alveolus analysis, 80 rats were divided into Sealapex® and AH Plus® groups. Within each group, the sealer was subjected to either partial (incomplete homogenization­ simulating handling failures) or total mixing (complete homogenization) over two periods of 7 and 30 days (n = 20). The maxillary incisor was extracted and a polyethylene tube containing the sealer was inserted. To quantify edema, 40 male rats were divided into four groups (n = 10). The animals received 2% Evans Blue intravenously, and either AH Plus® or Sealapex® was injected subcutaneously. The rats were euthanized after 3 or 6 hours and analyzed in a spectrophotometer (630 ƞm). To analyze the subcutaneous tissue, 20 rats received polyethylene tube implants with the sealers in the dorsal area (n=10), then euthanized after either 7 or 30 days, and inflammation was evaluated according to an inflammatory cells score. Results: In the alveolar 7-day group, control group presented an inflammation score 1, while all other groups presented a score 2, except AH plus® total mix group (3). After 30 days, all groups presented a score 1. The edemogenic test showed less edema in Sealapex® groups (p < 0.5). In subcutaneous 7-day period, all groups presented score 2. In 30 days, all groups revealed score 1, except AH Plus® partial mix group (2). Conclusion: Regarding mixing of the sealers, there were no significant differences among the groups (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar, in vivo, a influência das falhas de espatulação de cimentos endodônticos. Material e Métodos: Para análise alveolar, 80 ratos foram divididos nos grupos Sealapex® e AH Plus®. Em cada grupo, o cimento foi espatulado de forma parcial (homogeneização incompleta, simulando falhas) ou total (homogeneização completa) em dois períodos de 7 e 30 dias (n=20). O incisivo superior foi extraído e um tubo de polietileno contendo o cimento foi inserido. Para quantificar edema, 40 ratos foram divididos em quatro grupos (n = 10). Os animais receberam Azul de Evans 2% intravenoso, e AH Plus® ou Sealapex® injetados no tecido subcutâneo. Após 3 ou 6 horas foram eutanasiados e analisados em espectrofotômetro (630 ƞm). Para analisar a resposta subcutânea, 20 ratos receberam implantes de tubo de polietileno com os cimentos na região dorsal (n = 10), eutanasiados após 7 ou 30 dias, e a inflamação foi avaliada de acordo com um escore de células inflamatórias. Resultados: Na análise alveolar em 7 dias, o grupo controle apresentou escore 1 de inflamação, enquanto que todos os outros grupos apresentaram 2, com exceção do AH plus® espatulação total (3). Após 30 dias, todos os grupos apresentaram escore 1. O teste edemogênico mostrou menor edema nos grupos Sealapex® (p < 0,5). No período subcutâneo de 7 dias, todos os grupos apresentaram escore 2. Em 30 dias, todos os grupos revelaram escore 1, exceto AH Plus® espatulação parcial (2). Conclusão: Não houve diferença estatística significante entre os cimentos quanto à espatulação. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dental Cements/pharmacology , Materials Testing/methods , Palatal Obturators , Dental Restoration Failure , Inflammation
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