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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 407-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920412

ABSTRACT

@#Myopia is a global public problem that causes visual impairment. Its occurrence and development are often accompanied by changes in the various structures of the eye, especially pathological myopia, which involves degenerative changes in the sclera, choroid, and retina. In recent years, with the increasing prevalence of myopia, the exploration of pathological mechanism and the prevention and treatment of myopia have become an important issue that cannot be ignored in the world. The occurrence and development of myopia involves the participation of many factors and can cause serious visual damage. As an important vascular tissue in the eye, the thickness change of choroid has been proved to play a vital role in the occurrence and development of myopia. In order to comprehensively and effectively prevent and control the occurrence and development of myopia, especially high myopia, the change of myopic choroidal thickness and its related mechanisms should be one of the main directions of the pathological mechanism of myopia. This article reviews the research of changes of myopia choroidal thickness by domestic and foreign scholars in recent years, to discuss the relationship between choroidal thickness, choroidal vasculature, choroidal molecular changes and myopia, myopia-related complications, and myopia-related visual impairment. Provide new ideas on prevention and intervention of myopia.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885985

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of combining two needling manipulations, Er Long Xi Zhu (two dragons playing with a pearl) and Guo Yan Re (heat produced to reach the eyes), in treating dry eye syndrome (DES) of lung-yin deficiency pattern. Methods: Fifty-six eligible DES patients of lung-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group and a control group, with 28 cases in each group. Same acupoints were selected in the two groups: Cuanzhu (BL 2), Sizhukong (TE 23), Taiyang (EX-HN 5) and Fengchi (GB 20) were chosen as the major points and Feishu (BL 13) and Chize (LU 5) as the adjuvant. Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations were applied in the observation group while twirling reinforcing manipulation was used in the control group. Treatment was conducted once per day in both groups, for two sets of 15 consecutive days at a 2-day interval. Changes in the symptom score, tear break-up time (BUT) and tear production were observed afterwards, and the clinical efficacy was also compared between the two groups. Results: The total effective rate was 92.8% in the observation group, higher than 71.4% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the symptom score, tear BUT and tear production showed significant improvements in both groups (all P<0.05); the symptom score, BUT and tear production in the observation group were significantly different from those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same acupoint selection, combining Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations can produce more significant clinical efficacy than twirling reinforcing manipulation in treating DES of lung-yin deficiency pattern.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between RNF213 gene p. R4810K polymorphism and posterior cerebral artery involvement in Chinese children with familial moyamoya disease.Methods:Children with familial moyamoya disease admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from August 2004 to June 2018 were enrolled, and they were divided into posterior cerebral artery involved group and posterior cerebral artery uninvolved group. RNF213 gene p. R4810K single nucleotide polymorphism was detected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for posterior cerebral artery involvement. Results:A total of 65 children with familial moyamoya disease were enrolled. Their age was 6.98±4.46 years and 37 (56.9%) were male. The first symptom of 55 children (84.6%) was cerebral ischemia, and 37 (56.9%) involved posterior cerebral artery. There were 3 (4.6%) children with p. R4810K AA genotype, 26 (40.0%) with GA genotype, and 36 (55.4%) with GG genotype. The p. R4810K genotype distribution in the posterior cerebral artery involved group was statistically different from that in the uninvolved group (GA+ AA genotype: 56.8% vs. 28.6%; χ2=5.124, P=0.024), and there were no statistical difference in gender, age, first symptom, and genetic pattern. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting the first onset age and gender, p. R4810K G>A mutation was the only independent risk factor for posterior cerebral artery involvement (odds ratio 3.240, 95% confidence interval 1.082-9.705; P=0.020). Conclusion:The p. R4810K polymorphism of RNF213 gene is associated with posterior cerebral artery involvement in Chinese children with familial moyamoya disease.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776822

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a child with mental retardation caused by SYNGAP1 gene mutation.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and her parents. High throughput sequencing (HTS) was employed for screening for potential mutation in the patient. Suspected mutation was validated by Sanger sequencing of the child and her parents.@*RESULTS@#By HTS, a previously unknown mutation [c.1656C>A (p.C552*)] was found in exon 10 of the SYNGAP1 gene in the proband. Sanger sequencing confirmed the heterozygous nature of the mutation and that neither of her parents carried the same mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#The dysmorphism and developmental delay of the child were probably due to the pathogenic mutation of the SYNGAP1 gene. HTS can facilitate elucidation of the genetic etiology with efficiency, which has great significance in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the child.


Subject(s)
Child , Exons , Female , Heterozygote , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Mutation , ras GTPase-Activating Proteins , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802257

ABSTRACT

Hypertensive renal damage is one of the most serious complications of hypertension, and it is also the main cause of end-stage renal disease. Renal damage can further promote the rise of blood pressure and difficult to control, forming a vicious circle. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) considers that deficiency of the original and excess of the standard is its basic pathogenesis, and insufficient kidney-Qi and blood stasis are one of the most common syndromes of hypertensive kidney damage. Astragali Radix membranaceus is praised as the most important medicine for invigorating Qi, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix is likened to "four things with the same function". Based on the theory of invigorating Qi and activating blood circulation, the effective ingredients of Astragali Radix membranaceus-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix are mainly astragaloside, Astragali Radix polysaccharide, mulberry isoflavone, salvianolic acid and tanshinone. Many studies have shown that in the process of hypertensive kidney damage, Astragali Radix membranaceu Its active ingredients, whether effective monomers, monomer compatibility or direct compatibility of drug pairs, can regulate blood pressure, reduce urinary protein, protect renal tubules, protect glomerular filtration barrier, improve renal hemodynamics and protect renal function by regulating multiple signal transduction pathways related to hypertensive renal damage. Lowering blood pressure and protecting renal function are two pronged functions. Based on the theory of Invigorating Qi and activating blood circulation, this paper reviews the research progress of Astragali Radix-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix in the treatment of hypertensive renal damage, with a view to providing scientific basis for the further study and clinical application of Radix astragali-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix in hypertensive renal damage.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732737

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily explore the clinical features,treatment,and outcomes of moyamoya disease in the elderly.Methods The clinical data of the elderly patients with moyamoya disease (aged > 60 years) admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery,the 307th Hospital of PLA from May 2007 to July 2016 were collected retrospectively.Their clinical features,imaging features,and surgical outcomes were analyzed.Results A total of 68 patients were enrolled,including 35 females (51.47%) and 33 males (48.53%).The ratio of male to female was 1:1.06.The age at the time of diagnosis of moyamoya disease was 62.82 ±3.08 years.Fifty-two patients (76.5%) had vascular risk factors.The most common clinical manifestation was cerebral ischemia (n =61,89.7%).Thirty of them (44.1%) presented as transient ischemic attack.The Suzuki staging of most patients was 4-6 (71.6%),12 patients (17.6%) complicated with posterior cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion.Thirty-one patients were treated with encephalo-duroarterio-synangiosis (EDAS).Among them,17 patients underwent bilateral surgery and 14 underwent unilateral surgery.The incidence of perioperative infarction or hemorrhage was 5.6% (2 patients developed cerebral infarction and 1 patient developed cerebral hemorrhage);37 patients received conservative treatment.During the follow-up period,5 patients developed cerebral infarction (1 in the surgical treatment group and 4 in the conservative treatment group);there was no significant difference between the 2 groups.There were no significant differences in age,sex,vascular risk factor,clinical symptoms,and preoperative modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores between the 2 groups.Cerebral angiography was performed 6-9 months after operation in the surgical treatment group.A total of 24 cerebral hemispheres were evaluated by Matsushima typing,of which 17 (70.8%) were excellent.During the follow-up period,the proportion of patients with clinical outcome excellent (the mRS score was 0) (Z =-5.268,P < 0.00l) and clinical improvement (the mRS score was improved ≥ 1 compared to the baseline) (Z =-3.780,P < 0.001) were significantly higher than the conservative treatment group.Conclusions The clinical symptoms of old patients with moyamoya disease were mainly cerebral ischemia.Most of them had vascular risk factors,and the imaging manifestations showed higher Suzuki staging.The perioperative risk of EDAS in the old patients with moyamoya disease was lower.It might be an effective method to prevent clinical symptoms progress and improve the outcomes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710148

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of ethanol extract of Toddalia asiatica Lamn.and the mechanism.METHODS Both inflammatory rat model induced by carrageenan and pain model induced by formalin were applied to investigating the analgesic effect of extract of Toddalia asiatica Lam.ELISA kit was used to detect the contents of β-EP,5-HT and PGE2 in serum of carrageenan-treated rats,contents of TNF-αand IL-1β in skin tissue of inflammatory rats,and content of LTB4 in serum of formalin-treated rats;immunohistochemical method was used to observe the SP and FOS protein expressions in rat spinal cord.RESULTS The ethanol extract of Toddalia asiatica Lam.could significantly reduce the rate of toe swelling.In the formalin test,the ethanol extract of Toddalia asiatica Lam.reduced not only the total licking time,but also the content of PGE2,especially in the high dose group.And lowered serum 5-HT contents were observed in all the three dose groups,but a much better performance was found in both the high and low dose groups,and the high dose group's capability in increasing serum β-EP content was also noticed.TNF-α and IL-1β contents in skin tissue were reduced in various dose groups.Middle and high dose groups inhibited FOS protein expression.And the content of LTB4 in serum was obviously decreased in the high dose group.CONCLUSION The anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of ethanol extract of Toddalia asiatica Lam.may associate with its power in increasing β-EP in serum,decreasing PGE2,5-HT,LTB4 contents,reducing TNF-α,IL-1β contents in skin tissue,and lowering SP and FOS protein expressions in spinal cord.

8.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 90-91, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703073

ABSTRACT

The clinical manifestations,diagnosis and treatment process of the Gnathostoma infected patient were collected,and epidemiological investigation was carried out.The investigation results showed that the patients with eating wild boar in stomach nematode,the worms were removed by gastroscopy and examined by microscopy,small spines in the body,the spines of the posterior part and the posterior part of the body are thinner.The patient was confirmed cases of infection by Gnathostoma.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 157-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between fragmented QRS (fQRS) complex and the early left ventricular remodeling or heart function in patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 76 patients with AMI hospitalized in CCU of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were enrolled in the study.Patients were divided into fQRS group (n=29) and non-fQRS group (n=47). The clinical data including ECG, laboratory indicators, coronary angiography results and real-time three-dimensional (RT-3D) echocardiography parameter were collected in two groups.The relationship between fQRS and baseline data,fQRS and RT-3D echocardiography parameter were analyzed.At the same time,the influencing factors of left ventricular remodeling and heart function were discussed in the study. Results Compared with non-fQRS group, left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV)were significantly higher,and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was significantly lower in fQRS group(P<0.05).Several three-dimensional parameters including Tmsv16-SD(%)and Tmsv 16-Dif(%)were significantly higher in fQRS group than those in non-fQRS group(P<0.05).There were no significant differences in Tmsv 16-SD(ms),Tmsv 12-SD(ms),Tmsv 12-SD(%),Tmsv 6-SD(ms),Tmsv 6-SD(%),Tmsv 16-Dif(ms),Tmsv 12-Dif(ms),Tmsv 12-Dif(%),Tmsv 6-Dif(ms)and Tmsv 6-Dif(%)between two groups.Logistic regression analysis showed that fQRS and Gensini scores had effects on heart function.At the same time,fQRS was an independent predictor for left ventricular remodeling. Conclusion Left ventricular remodeling is more obvious in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated with fQRS,and fQRS can predict left ventricular remodeling better.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692356

ABSTRACT

Based on the modification of inlet of a proton transfer reaction time of flight mass spectrometry ( PTR-TOF-MS) instrument developed in our laboratory, a new method for real-time and on-line quantitation of volatile organic compounds ( VOCs) from human exhalation was established. A 28-day real-time and on-line monitoring of exhaled breath from 23 volunteers (11 male healthy subjects, 11 female healthy subjects and 1 stomach-sick patient) was carried out and the experimental results showed that the major potential VOCs markers were identified as formaldehyde, propylene, acetone, acetaldehyde, isopropanol and isoprene, and their concentrations obeyed the Normal Distribution. The concentrations of formaldehyde, propylene and isopropanol were mainly in the range of 40 to 100 ppb, acetaldehyde in the range of 80 to 180 ppb, acetone in the range of 500 to 1500 ppb, and isoprene in the range of 8 to 20 ppb. Meanwhile, the concentrations for some compounds were different for men and women. Men have higher level of acetone, and women have higher levels of acetaldehyde and isopropanol. In addition, the concentrations of formaldehyde and acetone in the exhaled breath of stomach sicknesses were significantly higher than that in healthy people. Ethanol and acetaldehyde were the main potential markers of exhale breath after drinking alcohol. The acetaldehyde was the major metabolite of ethanol, and the concentration of acetaldehyde changed with the concentration variation of ethanol in degradation process.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 192-197, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808397

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence, molecular features and clinical significance of RNA splicing machinery genes mutation in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and related diseases.@*Methods@#Mutational analysis of splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1) (K700E) , U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 1 (U2AF1) (S34, Q157P) and serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 2 (SRSF2) (P95) in 118, de novo MDS and related diseases were separately performed by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by sequence analysis.@*Results@#Of 118 MDS patients, 76 males and 42 females, the median age was 53.5 (13-84) years old. 19.49% (23/118) had SF3B1 (K700E) mutation. As compared with those with wild type SF3B1, patients with SF3B1 K700E were of older[58 (32-78) years vs 51 (13-84) years, z=-1.981, P=0.048], lower HGB level[63 (40-95) g/L vs 77 (34-144) g/L, z=-3.192, P=0.001], higher platelet counts[121 (22-888) ×109/L vs 59 (6-1 561) ×109/L, z=-3.305, P=0.001], lower bone marrow blast cell counts[0.007 (0-0.122) vs 0.017 (0-0.268) , z=-2.885, P=0.004], higher ring sideroblasts percent [0 (0-64%) vs 0 (0-58%) , z=-4.664, P<0.001]. Of 105 MDS patients, 21.9% had U2AF1 (S34, Q157P) mutations. Of 107 MDS patients, 8 patients (7.48%) had SRSF2 (P95) mutations. Patients with SRSF2 mutations were older at diagnosis, the median age was 63 (50-84) years old, including 4 cases RAEB-1. The ratio of mutation was 14.29% (4/28) , and three patients transformed to AML. SF3B1 K700E and SRSF2 P95H mutations coexisted in 1 patient, and SF3B1 K700E and U2AF1 S34Y mutations were found concomitantly in 2 patients.@*Conclusion@#Only SF3B1 gene mutation was closely related to ring sideroblasts, it was the key to pathogenesis of MDS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the application value in the efficacy evaluation of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) for moyamoya disease. Methods The patients with moyamoya disease treated with EDAS conducted digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and TCD examinations before procedure and at 6 months after procedure respectively. The pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI) and mean flow velocity (MFV) before and after the superficial temporal artery surgery were measured respectively. The correlation between the TCD parameter variation rate and DSA efficacy grading was evaluated. Using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve to calculate the optimal cut-off value of the TCD parameters for predicting the operation efficacy. Results A total of 46 patients with moyamoya disease were enroled, 40 patients were bilateral hemisphere involvement and 6 were unilateral involvement. A total of 86 hemispheres were treated with EDAS. According to the results of DSA reexaminations, the grades of efficacy were as folows: grade 0, 18 sides, grade 1, 37 sides, grade 2, 18 sides, and grade 3, 13 sides. When the DSA grade was 0, there were no significant differences in PI, RI and MFV before and after procedure, and there were significant differences in the postoperative change of other TCD parameters at al levels (al P < 0. 001). At 6 months after procedure, the change rates of PI, RI and MFV were - 30. 83% ± 21. 71% , - 19. 64% ± 14. 45% and 96. 08% ± 100. 76% , respectively, and they had good correlation with the results of DSA efficacy grading. Their Spearman correlation coefficients were- 0. 879, - 0. 891 and 0. 715, respectively (al P < 0. 001). ROC curve analysis showed that the best cutoff values of the TCD parameter change rates for predicting good operative effect were as folows: PI decrease rate, 36% (area under the curve, 0. 966; sensitivity, 0. 968, specificity, 0. 891; P < 0. 001), RI decrease rate, 27% (area under the curve, 0. 973; sensitivity, 0. 903, specificity, 0. 946; P < 0. 001), and MFV increase rate, 111% (area under the curve, 0. 879; sensitivity, 0. 742, specificity, 0. 927; P < 0. 001). Conclusions TCD can detect hemodynamic parameter changes of superficial temporal arteries after EDAS. It has higher application value in the long-term postoperative efficacy evaluation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486195

ABSTRACT

Moyamoya disease is a chronic progressive cerebrovascular occlusive disease of unknow n etiology. Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) is a non -invasive ultrasonic examination that can detect the hemodynamic characteristics of intracranial large vessels. At present, there are more applications in screen, auxiliary diagnosis, and surgical outcome assessment in moyamoya disease. This article review s the current applications of TCD in moyamoya disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486182

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily investigate the clinical features and efficacy of surgical treatment of moyamoya syndrome in patients w ith hyperthyroidism. Methods From December 2002 to April 2013, 41 patients w ith moyamoya syndrome based on the disease of hyperthyroidism admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, the 307th Hospital of PLA w ere analyzed retrospectively. The clinical data w ere colected, including sex, age of onset, initial symptoms, progress symptoms, imaging features, Suzuki staging, and surgical efficacy, and they w ere compared w ith the clinical data of the patients w ith moyamoya disease treated at the same time. Results The ratio of male to female w as about 1∶4 in moyamoya syndrome patients w ith hyperthyroidism. The peak age of onset w as 25 to 34 years old. Compared w ith the patients w ith moyamoya disease at the same period, the proportion of patients w ith cerebral infarction as initial symptom w as higher in the moyamoya syndrome group ( 39.0% vs.24.2%; χ2 = 4.796, P =0.029), more patients had symptomatic progression (46.3% vs.25.4%; χ2 =9.207, P =0.002), and the proportion of of patients w ith cerebral hemorrhage as initial symptom w as low er ( 2.4% vs.14.6%; χ2 = 4.829, P =0.028). Thirty-seven patients w ho received encephalo -duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) w ere folow ed up for 43 ± 19 months. The results show ed that the clinical symptoms of 31 patients had different degrees of improvement. Conclusions Moyamoya syndrome of hyperthyroidism is more common in w omen. The risk of cerebral infarction is higher and more prone to have disease progression. The efficacy of EDAS is better for controling the progression of moyamoya syndrome in patients w ith hyperthyroidism.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 814-817, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296144

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To revalidate the conversion factor(CF)for the conversion of BCR-ABL (P210)transcript levels to the international scale(BCR- ABLIS)in chronic myeloid leukemia(CML) which validated before.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peking University People's Hospital(PKUPH)prepared the exchange samples for revalidation of CFs of 15 laboratories which validated nine or eighteen months ago. The fresh BCR-ABL(P210)(+)bone morrow or peripheral blood nucleated cells were diluted with BCR-ABL (P210)(-)cells to achieve different BCR- ABL levels, totally 16 sets and 24 samples per set were prepared. TRIzol reagent was added in each tube. Each laboratory tested BCR-ABL transcript levels of one set of samples. Agreement between BCR-ABLIS of each laboratory and PKUPH was assessed by the Bland- Altman method. For laboratories which did not meet the criteria of revalidation, linear regression equation was derived after the samples with maximum BCR-ABL deviation were removed until R²>0.98, then new CF was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>10 laboratories met the revalidation criteria with both bias within ±1.4 fold and 95% limits of agreement within ±6 folds, and their CFs still could be used for accurately conversion of BCR-ABLIS. New CFs were recalculated as of 1.8-6.3 folds of their previous CFs in 5 laboratories not met the criteria.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Revalidation of CF by sample exchange among laboratories was necessary for accurate and continuous application of BCR-ABLIS, which not only tested the validity of CF acquired before but also calculated new available CFs for those with invalid CFs.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460257

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of subarachnoid hemorrhagic moyamoya disease and the therapeutic effect of encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS). Methods The clinical and imaging data of 38 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhagic moyamoya disease admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery,the 307th Hospital of PLA from January 2002 to April 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty-five patients underwent unilateral or bilateral EDAS (64-sides underwent EDAS,4 patients with aneurysms underwent endovascular embolization first),and 3 patients did not undergo any surgery. Results (1)Subarachnoid hemorrhagic moyamoya disease accounted for 10. 8%(38/353)of all the hemorrhagic moyamoya disease admitted in hospital over the same period,including 37 adults and 1 child. The male to female ratio was 1∶3. 22 (9/29),and the age of onset was 12 to 59 years. The mean age of patients was 39 ± 11 years. Four patients were combined with aneurysms. There were no significant differences in the distribution of Suzuki stage,anterior choroidal artery dilatation and posterior communicating artery dilatation in the remaining 34 patients without aneurysms between the bleeding sides and non-bleeding sides (P>0.05). (2 ) The patients were followed up for 13 -125 months (mean 51 ± 27 months ),two patients had rebleeding,one of them was intraventricular hemorrhage,the other was parenchymal hemorrhage. The postoperative modified Rankin score (mRS)was significantly lower in 35 patients whom were treated with EDAS. Compared with before surgery,there was significant difference (P<0. 05). The re-examination of positron emission tomography (PET)for 16 patients at 3 to 19 months after surgery showed that among the 23 surgically treated hemispheres,the cerebral metabolisms of 17 hemispheres were improved after surgery, and 6 did not have any change after surgery. The re-examination of whole brain digital subtraction angiography (DSA)at 5 to 30 months after surgery in 13 patients showed that revascularizations in 19 of 23 surgical hemispheres were effective. Conclusion Subarachnoid hemorrhagic moyamoya disease often occurs in adults,and women are more common. EDAS can achieve good revascularization effect and improve brain metabolism of patients,and thus relieve the symptoms of cerebral ischemia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458450

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigatetheclinicalfeaturesandsurgicalprognosisofmoyamoya syndromeinchildren.Methods Theclinicaldataof12childrenwithmoyamoyasyndromeadmittedto the 307th Hospital of People′s Liberation Army from December 2002 to October 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Eleven of them underwent encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS). A total of 550 children with moyamoya disease in the same period were used as a control group. The clinical characteristics and surgical efficacy of the children with moyamoya syndrome were summarized and concluded by comparing the clinical data of the two groups,including sex,age of onset,initial symptom,progress symptoms, Suzukiinstallments,imagingfeatures,andsurgicalefficacy.Results Themaleandfemaleratioof the children with moyamoya syndrome was 1∶2. Their mean age of onset was 12 ± 5 years old. There were significant differences in the initial symptom (cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage )and disease progress between the children with moyamoya syndrome group and the control group (5/12 vs. 14. 5%[80/550], 3/12 vs. 61. 8%[340/550],and 5/12 vs. 8.7%[48/550],respectively;all P<0. 05). Within the follow-up period,of the 11 children underwent EDAS,7 cases had no further attack,and 4 cases were improved significantly. There was significant difference in the modified Rankin scale (mRS)between the beforeandaftersurgery(0[0,1]vs.2[1,2];P<0.05).Conclusions Theclinicalfeaturesofthe children with moyamoya syndrome have some differences with those with moyamoya disease. Timely and effective EDAS treatment may effectively prevent disease progression and improve the prognosis of patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 303-307, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288741

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the frequency of the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene and the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α gene (CEBPA) through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array in pediatric patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) and explore the clinical significances of these mutations.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Between August 2009 and December 2012, 30 children (<16 years old) with newly diagnosed CN-AML were included. The clinical characteristics were analyzed in these patients. PCR combined with direct sequencing was used to detect NPM1, CEBPA gene mutations. All the data were statistically analyzed using SPSS17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The gene mutations were detected in each of the 30 patients. NPM1 mutation was positive in three patients (10%) with type A mutation, while CEBPA mutation was positive in two patients (6.7%) with double mutations (TAD, bZIP) . Besides, FLT3/ITD mutation was positive in three patients. Patients with NPM1 or FLT3/ITD had a significantly elevated diagnostic WBC count with a median diagnostic WBC count of 102.80×10(9)/L compared with 18.56×10(9)/L for the patients without mutations(t = 2.353, P = 0.043), as well as the marrow blast percentage (94.0% vs. 80.0%, t = 3.804, P = 0.002). The complete remission was achieved in all the 3 patients with NPM1 mutations and 2 patients with CEBPA mutations. All the patients with these mutations also achieved 2-year event-free survival (EFS) and 2-year overall survival (OS), while 2-year EFS and 2-year OS of the other patients were (40.1 ± 11.2)% and (51.8 ± 10.9)% (P = 0.044, 0.091, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NPM1 and CEBPA mutations may indicate a favorable prognosis in pediatric CN-AML.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA Mutational Analysis , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mortality , Pathology , Male , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 495-498, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238774

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of detecting lymphoma with the application of BIOMED-2 standardized immunoglobulin/T cell receptor (IG/TCR) gene rearrangement system in formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples, and to discuss the relationship between the longest amplification fragment of extracted DNA and positive detection rate of different IGH V-J primers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA was extracted from 50 cases of FFPE tissue samples. Multiplex-PCR amplifications were performed and then the IG/TCR gene rearrangements were analyzed using BIOMED-2 standardized clonality analysis system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)When the DNA concentration was diluted to 50-100 ng/μl from 100-500 ng/μl, the proportion of the longest amplification fragment (300-400 bp) of DNA was improved from 10.0% to 90.0% in 30 cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) wax roll samples (P<0.01). The positive rate of IGH+IGK was increased from 46.7% to 83.3%, the difference was statistically significant (P=0.006). The lengths of the longest amplification fragments of DNA were all longer than 300 bp in the paraffin section samples of DLBCL. The positive rate of IGH+IGK of these samples was 96.7%. The difference of the positive rate of IGH+IGK between the wax roll samples and the paraffin section samples had no statistical significance (P=0.195). (2)When the concentration of DNA was high, most of the longest amplification fragments of extracted DNA were 100 bp or 200 bp, and the detection rate of short fragment IGH FR3 was more stable than that of long fragment IGH FR1. (3)The clonality analysis of TCRG+TCRB in all 13 cases of peripheral T cell lymphoma samples showed positive results, while no positive IG/TCR clones were found in 7 cases of reactive lymphoid tissue hyperplasia in control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dilution of DNA is the only method to improve not only the proportion of longest fragment amplification but also the detection rate of clonality. The detection rate of IGH FR3 would not be affected by the concentration of DNA. The application of BIOMED-2 standardized IG/TCR gene rearrangement system in FFPE tissue samples plays an important role in the lymphoma diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte , Humans , Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Genetics , Paraffin Embedding , V(D)J Recombination
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447881

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of laparoscopic surgery on the quality of life in patients with middle and low rectal cancer.Methods 108 cases with middle and low rectal cancer in accordance with the number table,were randomly divided into two groups.54 patients in the observation group were operated through laparoscopic surgery and 54 patients in the control group received traditional open surgery.The patients were followed up for 6 months,the patients' quality of life were assesed.Results The operative time,blood loss and length of hospital stay in the observation group were less than the control group (P < 0.01).The lymph node dissection between the two groups had no significant difference(P >0.05).47 patients in the observation group were rectal sphincter preservation,the rate was 87.0%,37 patients in the control group with rectal sphincter preservation,the rate was 68.5 %,the difference between the two groups was significant (x2 =4.92,P < 0.05).The patients'quality of life after surgery in two groups was increased than before surgery,and the observation group increased more significantly than the control group(P < 0.05).Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery can significantly improve the quality of life in patients with middle and low rectal cancer.

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