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1.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 440-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the early predictive values of serum thrombospondin-1(TSP-1)and transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) for bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD)in preterm infants.Methods:From September 2020 to April 2022, preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks and ≥28 weeks as well as birth weight<1 500 g admitted to neonatal intensive care unit within 2 hours after birth were enrolled in the study.The dynamic changes of serum TSP-1 and TGF-β1 levels in preterm infants were observed on 1st, 7th, 14th, and 28th day after birth.Preterm infants were divided into BPD group and non-BPD group according to the diagnostic criteria of BPD.Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve and area under curve(AUC)was used to analyze the predictive value of serum TSP-1 and TGF-β1 for preterm infants with BPD.Results:According to the diagnostic criteria of BPD, 38 cases were in the BPD group and 52 cases in the non-BPD group.There was no significant difference in gestational age, birth weight and gender between the two groups( P>0.05). The levels of TSP-1 and TGF-β1 in the serum of BPD group were gradually increased, which were significantly higher than those of non-BPD group on the 1st, 7th, 14th, and 28th day( P<0.001). ROC results showed that AUC of TSP-1, TGF-β1 and their combination for predicting BPD were 0.889(95% CI 0.819~0.959), 0.826(95% CI 0.743~0.910), and 0.923(95% CI 0.870~0.976), respectively.The sensitivity were 86.80%, 86.70%, 89.50%, and the specificity were 86.50%, 73.10%, 80.80%, respectively.Cutoff values of TSP-1 and TGF-β1 for predicting BPD were 44.50 μg/L and 6.13 μg/L, respectively. Conclusion:Combined detection of serum TSP-1 and TGF-β1 on the first day after birth has an early predictive value for BPD in preterm infants.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 908-920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970562

ABSTRACT

To clarify the content characteristics of the main active components and mineral elements of Cynomorium songaricum under different habitat conditions, and further explore the relationship between the quality of C. songaricum and habitats, this study took C. songaricum from 25 different habitats in China as the research object, and measured the contents of 8 main active components and 12 mineral elements separately. Diversity analysis, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were carried out. The results showed that the genetic diversity of total flavonoids, ursolic acid, ether extract, potassium(K), phosphorus(P) and zinc(Zn) in C. songaricum was high. The coefficient of variation of crude polysaccharide, ether extract, gallic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, catechin, epicatechin, calcium(Ca), sodium(Na), magnesium(Mg), sulfur(S), iron(Fe), manganese(Mn), selenium(Se) and nickel(Ni) were all over 36%, indicating that the quality of C. songaricum was significantly affected by habitats. There were strong synergistic and weak antagonistic effects among the contents of the 8 active components, and complex antagonistic and synergistic effects among the contents of the 12 mineral elements. Principal component analysis revealed that crude polysaccharide, ursolic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavonoids could be used as the characteristic components to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum, and Na, copper(Cu), Mn and Ni were the characteristic elements to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum. In cluster ana-lysis, the second group with the main active components as cluster center had better quality in terms of the content of active substances, and the second group with the mineral elements as cluster center had higher utilization potential in the exploitation of mineral elements. This study could provide a basis for resource evaluation and breeding of excellent varieties of C. songaricum in different habitats, and provide a reference for cultivation and identification of C. songaricum.


Subject(s)
Cynomorium , Catechin , Plant Breeding , Selenium , Ethers , Ethyl Ethers , Flavonoids , Plant Extracts
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 424-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the cytomorphological and immunocytochemical features of tumor cells in the ascites of ovarian plasmacytoma (SOC). Methods: Specimens of serous cavity effusions were collected from 61 tumor patients admitted to the Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to July 2021, including ascites from 32 SOC, 10 gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, 5 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, 6 lung adenocarcinomas, 4 benign mesothelial hyperplasia and 1 malignant mesothelioma patients, pleural effusions from 2 malignant mesothelioma patients and pericardial effusion from 1 malignant mesothelioma. Serous cavity effusion samples of all patients were collected, conventional smears were made through centrifugation, and cell paraffin blocks were made through centrifugation of remaining effusion samples. Conventional HE staining and immunocytochemical staining were applied to observe and summarize cytomorphological characteristics and immunocytochemical characteristics. The levels of serum tumor markers carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) were detected. Results: Of the 32 SOC patients, 5 had low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (LGSOC) and 27 had high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). 29 (90.6%) SOC patients had elevated serum CA125, but the difference was not statistically significant between them and patients with non-ovarian primary lesions included in the study (P>0.05); The serum CEA was positive in 9 patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and 5 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and the positive rate was higher than that in SOC patients (P<0.001); The serum CA19-9 was positive in 5 patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and 5 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and the positive rate was higher than that in SOC patients (P<0.05). The serum CA125, CEA and CA19-9 were within the normal range in 4 patients with benign mesothelial hyperplasia. LGSOC tumor cells were less heterogeneous and aggregated into small clusters or papillary pattern, and psammoma bodies could be observed in some LGSOC cases. The background cells were fewer and lymphocytes were predominant; the papillary structure was more obvious after making cell wax blocks. HGSOC tumor cells were highly heterogeneous, with significantly enlarged nuclei and varying sizes, which could be more than 3-fold different, and nucleoli and nuclear schizophrenia could be observed in some cases; tumor cells were mostly clustered into nested clusters, papillae and prune shapes; there were more background cells, mainly histiocytes. Immunocytochemical staining showed that AE1/AE3, CK7, PAX-8, CA125, and WT1 were diffusely positively expressed in 32 SOC cases. P53 was focally positive in all 5 LGSOCs, diffusely positive in 23 HGSOCs, and negative in the other 4 HGSOCs. Most of adenocarcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract and lung had a history of surgery, and tumor cells of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tend to form small cell nests. Immunocytochemistry can assist in the differential diagnosis of mesothelial-derived lesions with characteristic "open window" phenomenon. Conclusion: Combining the clinical manifestations of the patient, the morphological characteristics of the cells in the smear and cell block of the ascites can provide important clues for the diagnosis of SOC, and the immunocytochemical tests can further improve the accuracy of the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Ascites , CA-19-9 Antigen , Mesothelioma, Malignant/diagnosis , Hyperplasia , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Diagnosis, Differential , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Carbohydrates
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 17-27, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971604

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has infected over 109 million people, leading to over 2 million deaths up to date and still lacking of effective drugs for patient treatment. Here, we screened about 1.8 million small molecules against the main protease (Mpro) and papain like protease (PLpro), two major proteases in severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 genome, and identified 1851Mpro inhibitors and 205 PLpro inhibitors with low nmol/l activity of the best hits. Among these inhibitors, eight small molecules showed dual inhibition effects on both Mpro and PLpro, exhibiting potential as better candidates for COVID-19 treatment. The best inhibitors of each protease were tested in antiviral assay, with over 40% of Mpro inhibitors and over 20% of PLpro inhibitors showing high potency in viral inhibition with low cytotoxicity. The X-ray crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in complex with its potent inhibitor 4a was determined at 1.8 Å resolution. Together with docking assays, our results provide a comprehensive resource for future research on anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Molecular Docking Simulation , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/enzymology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins
5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1344-1350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996989

ABSTRACT

@#Cardiovascular diseases is the leading cause of threat to human life and health worldwide. Early risk assessment, timely diagnosis, and prognosis evaluation are critical to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Currently, the evaluation of diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases mainly relies on imaging examinations such as coronary CT and coronary angiography, which are expensive, time-consuming, partly invasive, and require high professional competence of the operator, making it difficult to promote in the community or in areas where medical resources are scarce. The fundus microcirculation is a part of the human microcirculation and has similar embryological origins and physiopathological features to cardiovascular circulation. Several studies have revealed fundus imaging biomarkers associated with cardiovascular diseases, and developed and validated intelligent diagnosis and treatment models for cardiovascular diseases based on fundus imaging data. Fundus imaging is expected to be an important adjunct to cardiovascular disease diagnosis and treatment given its noninvasive and convenient nature. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current research status, challenges, and future prospects of the application of artificial intelligence based on multimodal fundus imaging data in cardiovascular disease diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1301-1307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996969

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare and analyze the effect of myocardial protection between HTK and del Nido cardioplegia solutions in neonates with surgeries for transposition of the great arteries. Methods    The clinical data of 208 neonates with complete transposition of the great arteries in our institution from 2014 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the cardioplegia solutions utilized in the operations, the patients were divided into two groups: a HTK group and a del Nido group. Propensity score matching was conducted to eliminate the biases. The cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping time, total amount of cardioplegia solutions, transfusion frequency of cardioplegia, ICU stay time, mechanical support time, inotropic score, hospital stay, left ventricular ejection fraction, N-terminal proBNP and troponin I were compared and analyzed between the two groups after matching. Results    After 1:1 propensity score matching, a total of 54 patients were analyzed with 27 patients in each group. In the HTK group, there were 22 males and 5 females with a median age of 7.0 (2.0, 11.0) d. In the del Nido group, there were 23 males and 4 females with a median age of 8.0 (3.0, 11.0) d. A total of 3 children died after the surgery: 2 (7.4%) patients in the HTK group and 1 (3.7%) patient in the del Nido group. There was no significant difference in hospital mortality between the two groups (P=1.000). The total amount of cardioplegia solutions in the HTK group was significantly higher than that of del Nido group (P<0.001). Transfusion frequency of cardioplegia in del Nido group was significantly higher than that of the HTK group (P=0.043). There was no significant difference in the postoperative ICU time, mechanical support time, length of hospital stay, inotropic score, left ventricular ejection fraction, N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor or troponin I between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    For neonates with surgeries for complete transposition of the great arteries, HTK cardioplegia solutions can provide effective and safe myocardial protection, which is similar to del Nido cardioplegia solutions.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 200-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of dermatomyositis with kidney neoplasm.Methods:The data of two patients with dermatomyositis complicated with kidney neoplasm in Tongji Hospital from January to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The first case was a 55-year-old female, who was admitted with the chief complaints of recurrent erythema of upper extremities for 2 months and facial erythema for 1 month. Physical examination: erythema can be seen on upper limbs and face, no tenderness or percussion pain in kidney area. Myositis enzyme profile test showed that anti-Mi-2 antibody and anti-SSA /Ro-52 antibody were positive. Contrast CT showed nodular uneven enhancement in the right kidney with a size of 50 mm×41 mm. The second case was a 58-year-old female, who was admitted with the chief complaints of kidney occupying for a month. Physical examination: flaky erythema on face, no tenderness or percussion pain in kidney area. Myositis enzyme profile test showed that anti-Ro-52 antibody and anti-MDA5 antibody were positive. Contrast CT showed a significantly uneven enhanced mass with a size of about 50 mm×41 mm on left kidney. Both patients were diagnosed with kidney neoplasm before surgery and underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Tongji Hospital.Results:Both patients received regular oral prednisone after surgery. The pathological presentation of case 1 was papillary renal cell carcinoma, the facial erythema subsided 1 month after surgery, and there was no tumor recurrence for 13 months. The pathological presentation of case 2 was clear cell renal cell carcinoma, facial erythema subsided 2 weeks after surgery, and there was no tumor recurrence for 12 months.Conclusions:The diagnosis of dermatomyositis should be combined with clinical manifestations and laboratory examination, and the possibility of malignant tumor should be excluded due to the high likelihood of concomitant malignancy. For patients with dermatomyositis with kidney neoplasm, the main treatment is still surgery, and supplemented with glucocorticoid therapy.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 617-621, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin inductive chemotherapy followed by concurrent radiochemotherapy in the treatment of loco-regionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS The clinical data of 45 patients (observation group ) with loco-regionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma(Ⅲ/Ⅳa stage )who received albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin inductive chemotherapy in our hospital from August 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity score was used to match 45 patients(control group )with loco-regionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma who received docetaxel combined with cisplatin and fluorouracil inductive chemotherapy. After inductive chemotherapy ,both groups received intensity-modulated radiochemotherapy (IMRT);observation group was additionally given concurrent nedaplatin chemotherapy ,and control groups was given concurrent cisplatin chemotherapy. Clinical efficacy and the incidence of ADR were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS All patients completed treatment and 3-year follow-up. After inductive chemotherapy and 1,3 months after concurrent radiochemotherapy ,there was no statistical significance in short-term response between 2 groups(P>0.05). There was no significantly difference in 3-years local control rate and 3-years free from distant metastasis between 2 groups(P>0.05). The incidences of leucopenia (grade 3 or above )in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ,and the incidence of peripheral neuropathy in observation group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The incidences of thrombocytopenia (grade 2 or above ),rash and vomiting (grade 2 or above )in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ,but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of other ADR between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin inductive chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of loco-regionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is effective and tolerable .

9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 132-140, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Incidence , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 397-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935299

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the characteristics and change trend of Guangzhou citizens' demands related to vaccination through government hotlines 12345 and 12320 from 2018 to 2020. It understood the hotspots and needs of the public for vaccination work, analyzed the problems existing in vaccination work, and provided reference and suggestions for health departments to improve vaccination services and formulate relevant policies: to timely improve the professional ability and knowledge reserve of hotline personnel; to strengthen the construction of vaccination service system;to optimize the appointment vaccination service application; to scientifically purchase HPV vaccine and ensure the production and supply of vaccine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Government , Hotlines , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Vaccination
11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934552

ABSTRACT

The construction of multiple campuses of one public hospital is an effective way to enlarge supply of high-quality medical resources. On the basis of sorting out the key and difficult problems faced in " multiple campuses" , People′s Hospital of Zhengzhou took " integrated management, homogeneous service, joint logistics support, and high quality development" as the main goal. It followed the guidelines of " Party committee taking overall charge, headquarters taking charge of building, campuses taking charge of routine operations, and orchestrated logistics support" . The hospital took the tactics of " collaborative oriented homogenization management" and " demand oriented and differentiated hospital positioning and discipline layout" . The practice and effect of the hospital included building multiple campuses in terms of management system, medical quality system, outstanding service system, personnel management system, cost management system, cultural construction system, and information management system. By such measures, the hospital has scientifically determined its orientation and discipline layout of every campus, hence offering references for the establishment and management model of " multiple campuses" at public hospitals at large.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 86-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) on oxygenation and respiratory conditions in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS).Methods:English databases such as MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science were searched online, as well as Chinese databases such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and Wanfang Database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of NMBA therapy for ARDS with publication date up to May 2020 were retrieved. Literature was screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the main analysis indicators were oxygenation index.Results:A total of 5 RCTs were included, and 1 462 ARDS patients were enrolled. Compared with the control group, the ratio of partial arterial oxygen pressure to fraction of inspired (PaO 2)/(FiO 2) significantly improved in the intervention group after 72 hours MD=14.39, (95 %CI 6.40-22.38, P=0.000 4) and 96 hours of NMBA, but there was no difference between PaO 2/FiO 2 at 24 and 48 hours ( P>0.05).Positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) significantly decreased at 72 hours ( MD=-0.45, 95 %CI -0.87--0.03, P=0.04) and 96 hours ( MD=-0.82, 95 %CI -1.39--0.26, P=0.004) treatment with NMBA, while there was no significant difference in PEEP between 24 and 48 hours after treatment ( P>0.05). At 96 h, plateau pressure (Pplat) in the intervention group was significantly lower ( MD=-1.69, 95 %CI -2.64--0.75, P=0.000 4), and there was no significant difference in Pplat between 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The early use of NMBA within 48 hours has a delayed improvement effect on oxygenation and ventilator conditions in ARDS patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 338-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the ability of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2)/integrin α vβ 3 dual-targeted microubble (MBD) to target angiogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in vivo. Methods:Non-targeted microbubble (MBN) USphere LA was employed as a template to prepare single- and dual-targeted microbubbles which could bind VEGFR2 and/or integrin α vβ 3 (MBV and MBI) by the biotin-avidin bridging method. A total of 40 RCC nude mice models were established by subcutaneously injecting 786-O cells.Twenty of the models were all injected with MBN, MBV, MBI and MBD in a random order, and the other 20 models were registered for antibody blocking assays. The results of ultrasound images were used for quantitative analyses, and the following quantitative parameters were obtained: intensity increment (a 1), peak halving speed (a 2), curve rising slope (a 3), perfusion time (t 0), time to peak (TTP), peak intensity (PI), mean transit time (MTT) and area under the curve (AUC) for the first three minutes, peak intensity at 10 s before (P 1) and after (P 2) ultrasound destruction, and the differences of tissue enhancement (dTE) between P 1 and P 2 (dTE=P 1-P 2). All the quantitative parameters of four contrast agents and the antibody blocking assays were compared.Besides, the immunohistochemical assays were performed to evaluate the expression of CD31, VEGFR2 and integrin α vβ 3 in tumor tissues. Results:The differences of parameters of a 1, a 3, t 0, TTP, PI and P 2 among four different microbubbles had no statistical significances (all P>0.05), and all parameters between the two single-targeted contrast agents were not statistically different (all P>0.05). The parameters of AUC, MTT, P 1 and dTE all showed a trend that dual-targeted bubbles > single-targeted bubbles > non-targeted bubbles (all P<0.05). On the contrary, the trend of dual-targeted bubbles < single-targeted bubbles < non-targeted bubbles (all P<0.05) was observed for a 2. In the antibody blocking experiment, a 2 was faster after the antibody injection ( P<0.001), while AUC, MTT, P 1 and dTE were all lower than those before the antibody injection ( P<0.001), and the other parameters were not statistically different before and after the antibody injection (all P>0.05). Immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the high expression of CD31, VEGFR2 and integrin β 3 in tumor tissues. Conclusions:The VEGFR2 and integrin α vβ 3 dual-targeted microbubble has a good potential to target the angiogenesis of human RCC in vivo.

14.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 433-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD)in very preterm infants(VPI), and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of BPD in VPI.Methods:A prospective multicenter study was designed to collect the clinical data of VPI in department of neonatology of 28 hospitals in 7 regions from September 2019 to December 2020.According to the continuous oxygen dependence at 28 days after birth, VPI were divided into non BPD group and BPD group, and the risk factors of BPD in VPI were analyzed.Results:A total of 2 514 cases of VPI including 1 364 cases without BPD and 1 150 cases with BPD were enrolled.The incidence of BPD was 45.7%.The smaller the gestational age and weight, the higher the incidence of BPD( P<0.001). Compared with non BPD group, the average birth age, weight and cesarean section rate in BPD group were lower, and the incidence of male infants, small for gestational age and 5-minute apgar score≤7 were higher( P<0.01). In BPD group, the incidences of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS), hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus, retinopathy of prematurity, feeding intolerance, extrauterine growth restriction, grade Ⅲ~Ⅳ intracranial hemorrhage, anemia, early-onset and late-onset sepsis, nosocomial infection, parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis were higher( P<0.05), the use of pulmonary surfactant(PS), postnatal hormone exposure, anemia and blood transfusion were also higher, and the time of invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation, oxygen use and total hospital stay were longer( P<0.001). The time of starting enteral nutrition, cumulative fasting days, days of reaching total enteral nutrition, days of continuous parenteral nutrition, days of reaching 110 kcal/(kg·d) total calorie, days of reaching 110 kcal/(kg·d) oral calorie were longer and the breastfeeding rate was lower in BPD group than those in non BPD group( P<0.001). The cumulative doses of amino acid and fat emulsion during the first week of hospitalization were higher in BPD group( P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that NRDS, invasive mechanical ventilation, age of reaching total enteral nutrition, anemia and blood transfusion were the independent risk factors for BPD in VPI, and older gestational age was the protective factor for BPD. Conclusion:Strengthening perinatal management, avoiding premature delivery and severe NRDS, shortening the time of invasive mechanical ventilation, paying attention to enteral nutrition management, reaching whole intestinal feeding as soon as possible, and strictly mastering the indications of blood transfusion are very important to reduce the incidence of BPD in VPI.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 261-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore factors influencing of diabetes remission.Methods:The clinical data of 114 obese patients with T2DM who underwent SG at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from Jan. 2015 to Jun. 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the patients’ age, body weight and BMI, preoperative fasting blood glucose (FBG), HbA1c and methods of blood glucose control were recorded. The patients’ postoperative body weight, BMI, FBG, HbA1c, methods of blood glucose control and complications were collected through follow-up database and telephone interview.Results:The mean preoperative age of patients was 32.7±10.9 years old, BMI was 38.6±7.1 kg/m 2, HbA1c was 7.2%±1.4%, FBG was 7.8±2.6 mmol/L, and the duration of diabetes was 14.5±30.2 months. The mean operation time was 73±24 minutes, and the postoperative hospital stay was 3.2±1.1 days. There were no major complications such as leakage, bleeding or stenosis. The follow-up rates at 1, 3 and 5 years was 71.1% (81/114), 58.5 (38/65) and 46.2% (12/26), respectively. The total weight loss rate at 1, 3 and 5 years was 29.8%±7.8%, 27.2%±9.8% and 25.3%±10.0%, respectively. The complete remission rate of diabetes at 1, 3 and 5 years was 66.7%, 55.3% and 33.3%, respectively, and the partial remission rate of diabetes was 18.5%, 26.3% and 50%, respectively. Univariate analysis suggested that patients with short duration of diabetes, lower preoperative HbA1c and without using insulin had better remission of diabetes. Multivariate analysis suggested that the duration of diabetes and insulin used or not were independent factors of remission of diabetes. Conclusions:Sleeve gastrectomy is effective and safe in the treatment of obesity and diabetes. The duration of diabetes and preoperative insulin use or not are independent factors for remission of diabetes after sleeve gastrectomy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940428

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of Jiawei Xiaochaihutang combined with microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its influence on tumor microenvironment. MethodA total of 128 patients were randomly divided into control group (64 cases: 2 cases of dropout,2 cases of elimination,and 60 cases of completion) and observation group (64 cases: 3 cases of dropout,2 cases of elimination,and 59 cases of completion). Both groups were given comprehensive treatment after MWA surgery. Patients in control group took Biejiajian Wan orally (3 g/time,3 times/d), and those in observation group took Jiawei Xiaochaihutang (1 dose/d). The treatment lasted for 3 consecutive months. The size of solid tumor before and after treatment was evaluated to record the progression-free survival (PFS). The alpha-fetoprotein-L13 (AFP-L3),des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP),Golgi protein 73 (GP73),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β),vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) levels,as well as performance status (PS),liver function and syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation scores were also detected before and after treatment. In addition, the incidence of side effects of grade Ⅲ and above was compared. ResultThe total effective rate of solid tumor in observation group was 91.53% (54/59),higher than that (76.67%, 46/60) in control group(χ2=4.895,P<0.05). The PFS in observation group was (7.16±0.95) months, longer than that (6.24±0.89 months) in control group (P<0.01). The effective rate of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome in observation and control groups were 88.14% (52/59)and 70.00% (42/60), respectively (χ2=5.897,P<0.05). The observation group (57.63%,34/59) had higher marked effective rate of TCM syndrome than control group (31.67%,19/60) (χ2=8.116,P<0.01). The AFP-13,DCP,GP73,TNF-α,TGF-β,VEGF and MMP-2 levels and the PS,liver function and syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation scores in observation group were lower than those in control group (both P<0.01). The cumulative incidence of side effects of grade Ⅲ and above in observation and control groups was 16.95% and 33.33%, respectively(χ2=4.261,P<0.05). ConclusionConsolidation treatment of HCC after MWA surgery with Jiawei Xiaochaihutang relieved symptoms and side effects,improved PS and liver function,regulated tumor microenvironment,inhibited tumor markers and prolonged survival time. The clinical effect was better than that of Biejia decoction pill, and thus it was worthy of clinical use.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 785-793, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of skin temperature, blood infusion and inflammatory cytokines of cutaneous tissue in the sensitized area of colitis model rats, as well as the relationship between sensory and sympathetic nerves and the formation of sensitized area, and to initially reveal the partial physical-chemical characteristics of the sensitized area in the colitis model rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=10), a model group (n=18) and a guanethidine group (n=7). 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was adopted for 6-day free drinking to establish colitis model in the model group and the guanethidine group. On day 6 and 7, in the guanethidine group, guanethidine solution (30 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally for sympathetic block. On day 7, after injection of evans blue (EB) solution, the EB extravasation areas on the body surface were observed to investigate the distribution and physical-chemical characteristics of the sensitized area. The control area was set up, 0.5 cm away from the sensitized area, and with the same nerve segment innervation. Disease activity index (DAI) score of rats was compared between the normal group and the model group, and the morphological changes in the colon tissue were investigated with HE method. Using infrared thermal imaging technology and laser speckle flow imaging technology, skin temperature and blood infusion were determined in the sensitized area and the control area of the rats in the model group. Immunofluorescence technique was adopted to observe the expression levels of the positive nerve fibers of substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and the correlation with blood vessels; as well as the expression levels of SP positive nerve fibers/tryptase+ mast cells, and tryptase+ mast cells/5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in skin tissue in the sensitized area and the control area of the rats in the model group. MSD multi-level factorial method and ELISA were applied to determine the contents of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10) and anti-inflammatory substance corticosterone (CORT).@*RESULTS@#Sensitization occurred at the T12-S1 segments of the colitis model rats, especially at L2-L5 segments. Compared with the normal group, DAI score was increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.05), and the colonic mucosal damage was obvious, with the epithelial cells disordered, even disappeared, crypt destructed, submucosal edema and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated. In comparison with the control area, the skin temperature and blood infusion were increased in the sensitized area of the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01); as well as the expression levels of the positive nerve fibers of SP, CGRP and TH of skin tissue (P<0.05), which was specially distributed in peripheral vessels, the expression levels of SP positive nerve fibers/tryptase+ mast cells, and tryptase+ mast cells/5-HT of the skin tissue were all expanded (P<0.05) in the sensitized area of the model group. Compared with the model group, the number of sensitized areas was reduced in the guanethidine group (P<0.05). In comparison with the control area of the model group, in the sensitized area, the contents of pro-inflammatory cytokines, e.g. TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and the anti-inflammatory substance CORT of skin tissue were all increased (P<0.05); and the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α were negatively correlated with CORT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The sensitized areas on the body surface of colitis rats are mainly distributed in the L2-L5 segments. Sensory and sympathetic nerves are involved in the acupoint sensitization, and the sensitized areas may have the dynamic changes in pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory substances.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Colitis/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Guanethidine , Interleukin-6 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Skin Temperature , Substance P/genetics , Tryptases , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1214-1219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969729

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the feasibility and safety of bridge therapy with active fixed electrodes connected to external permanent pacemakers (AFLEP) for patients with infective endocarditis after lead removal and before permanent pacemaker implantation. Methods: A total of 44 pacemaker-dependent patients, who underwent lead removal due to infective endocarditis in our center from January 2015 to January 2020, were included. According to AFLEP or temporary pacemaker option during the transition period, patients were divided into AFLEP group or temporary pacemaker group. Information including age, sex, comorbidities, indications and types of cardial implantable electionic device (CIED) implantation, lead age, duration of temporary pacemaker or AFLEP use, and perioperative complications were collected through Haitai Medical Record System. The incidence of pacemaker perception, abnormal pacing function, lead perforation, lead dislocation, lead vegetation, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, death and newly infection of implanted pacemaker were compared between the two groups. Pneumothorax, hematoma and the incidence of deep vein thrombosis were also analyzed. Results: Among the 44 patients, 24 were in the AFLEP group and 20 in the temporary pacemaker group. Age was younger in the AFLEP group than in the temporary pacemaker group (57.5(45.5, 66.0) years vs. 67.0(57.3, 71.8) years, P=0.023). Male, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal dysfunction and old myocardial infarction were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Lead duration was 11.0(8.0,13.0) years in the AFLEP group and 8.5(7.0,13.0) years in the temporary pacemaker group(P=0.292). Lead vegetation diameter was (8.2±2.4)mm in the AFLEP group and (9.1±3.0)mm in the temporary pacemaker group. Lead removal was successful in all patients. The follow-up time in the AFLEP group was 23.0(20.5, 25.5) months, and the temporary pacemaker group was 17.0(14.5, 18.5) months. In the temporary pacemaker group, there were 2 cases (10.0%) of lead dislocation, 2 cases (10.0%) of sensory dysfunction, 2 cases (10.0%) of pacing dysfunction, and 2 cases (10.0%) of death. In the AFLEP group, there were 2 cases of abnormal pacing function, which improved after adjusting the output voltage of the pacemaker, there was no lead dislocation, abnormal perception and death. Femoral vein access was used in 8 patients (40.0%) in the temporary pacemaker group, and 4 patients developed lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. There was no deep venous thrombosis in the AFLEP group. The transition treatment time was significantly longer in the AFLEP group than in the temporary pacemaker group (19.5(16.0, 25.8) days vs. 14.0(12.0, 16.8) days, P=0.001). During the follow-up period, there were no reinfections with newly implanted pacemakers in the AFLEP group, and reinfection occurred in 2 patients (10.0%) in the temporary pacemaker group. Conclusions: Bridge therapy with AFLEP for patients with infective endocarditis after lead removal and before permanent pacemaker implantation is feasible and safe. Compared with temporary pacemaker, AFLEP is safer in the implantation process and more stable with lower lead dislocation rate, less sensory and pacing dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bridge Therapy , Feasibility Studies , Pacemaker, Artificial , Endocarditis, Bacterial/etiology , Electrodes , Device Removal
19.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1077-1083, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the capability of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2)/integrinα vβ 3 dual-targeted microbubbles in assessing the expression level of pro-angiogenic factors during renal cell carcinoma (RCC) growth. Methods:VEGFR2/integrinα vβ 3 dual-targeted microbubbles were prepared by using biotin-avidin linkage method. Twenty subcutaneous RCC xenografts in nude mice were established by subcutaneously injecting 786-O cells and then divided into 2 groups randomly. The targeted contrast-enhanced ultrasound (t-CEUS) examination was performed for all 10 mice in the first group when xenograft tumors were metered from 5 to 10 mm and >10 to 20 mm respectively. And the quantitative parameters of RCC on t-CEUS were longitudinally evaluated during tumor growth. The second group were divided into two subgroups according to xenograft tumors′ diameter, which was 5 to 10 mm and >10 to 20 mm respectively, and underwent t-CEUS examination. Quantitative analysis was performed for all t-CEUS images to obtain the targeted quantitative parameters, which including peak intensity (PI), area under the time-intensity curve (AUC), the differential tissue enhancement (dTE, presenting the difference in PI before (P 1) and after (P 2) the process of Flash). All xenograft tumors in the second group were harvested for immunohistochemical staining to observe the expression of VEGFR2, integrinα vβ 3 and CD31, and their differences in RCC with different tumor sizes. And the correlations between quantitative parameters and VEGFR2, integrinα vβ 3 and CD31 were analyzed. Results:The longitudinal comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences between AUC and dTE of RCC with different tumor sizes (all P<0.001). The larger the tumor size, the smaller the parameters were. According to the horizontal comparison, the expression levels of VEGFR2 and integrinα vβ 3 in larger RCCs were higher than those of RCCs with smaller size (both P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in CD31 expression between the two subgroups ( P=0.754). Both the targeted quantitative parameters (AUC anddTE ) and pro-angiogenic factors (VEGFR2 and integrinα vβ 3) were negatively correlated with tumor size ( rs=-0.83, -0.81, -0.70, -0.88; all P<0.05). Further more, there were good positive correlations between AUC and VEGFR2, integrinαvβ ( rs=0.76, 0.72; all P<0.05). There were good positive correlations between dTE and VEGFR2, integrinα vβ 3 ( rs=0.81, 0.70; all P<0.05). Additionally, the parameter PI was positively correlated with the expression of CD31 ( rs=0.70, P=0.025). Conclusions:The t-CEUS, mediated by VEGFR/integrinα vβ 3 dual-targeted microbubbles, allows noninvasive assessment of the expression levels of VEGFR2 and integrinα vβ 3 in RCCs, which decrease gradually with the increase of tumor size.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1476-1482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923819

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of self-esteem and life position of children with mild intellectual disability and the effects of adaptive behavior on self-esteem and life position. Methods From November, 2019 to January, 2020, 162 children with mild intellectual disabilities in Shanghai were investigated and evaluated with Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-Second version (ABAS-Ⅱ), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (SES) and Life Position Scale (LPS). Structural equation model was used to explore the specific effects of adaptive behavior on self-esteem and life position. Results The score of SES was (23.52±5.49), which was slightly lower than the norm (28.75±4.86) (t = -12.140, P < 0.001). The score of LPS was (50.76±11.85). Structural equation model showed that conceptual skill in adaptive behavior negatively affected life position (B = -0.450, P < 0.05); social skill (B = 0.480, B = 0.331, P < 0.05) and practical skill (B = 0.490, B = 0.294, P < 0.05) positively affected both life position and self-esteem. Conclusion Self-esteem decreases in children with mild intellectual disability, and the life position reached the theoretical median level. Among adaptive behavior, both social skill and practical skill positively affect self-esteem and life position, while conceptual skill negatively affects life position.

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