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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510978


[Objective]To explore the effect and the possible mechanism of the proteasome inhibitor MG132 on acute T lympho?blastic leukemia cells.[Methods]The influence of different concentrations of MG132 in the viability and proliferation of CCRF-CEM was measured by MTS. Apoptosis rates of CCRF-CEM treated by MG132 were determined by flow cytometry. After being exposed to MG132,the protein levels of FOXO3a in cytoplasm and nucleus were analyzed by Western blotting. qRT-PCR was applied to detect the mRNA of FOXO3a and Puma in cells treated by MG132. Then CCRF-CEM was stably transfected with antisense FOXO3a using Lentivirus infection. We further investigated the effects of MG132 in FOXO3a-shRNA cells and elucidated the mechanisms of FOXO3a and Puma.[Results]MG132 inhibits the proliferation of CCRF-CEM,but has no cytotoxicity in peripheral blood mononu?clear cells(PBMC). Cellular apoptosis was induced in cells treated with MG132. At mRNA level,MG132 had no influence on FOXO3a,but increased the expression of Puma. However,MG132 promoted the expression of both FOXO3a and Puma at protein level. Interestingly,the expression of FOXO3a increased very little in cytoplasm. In FOXO3a-shRNA cells the expression of FOXO3a and Puma decreased at protein level. FOXO3a's knockdown attenuated the proliferation inhibition mediated by MG132.[Conclusion]MG132 inhibits the proliferation and promotes to apoptosis of CCRF-CEM. One of the mechanism is that MG132 inhib? its the degradation of FOXO3a,and then activates FOXO3a/Puma pathway.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273747


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intermittent fasting on metabolize and gut microbiota in obese presenium rats fed with high-fat-sugar-diet.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We fed the Wistar rats with high-fat and high-sugar diet to induce adiposity, and the rats for intermittent fasting were selected base on their body weight. The rats were subjected to fasting for 72 h every 2 weeks for 18 weeks. OGTT test was performed and fasting blood samples and fecal samples were collected for measurement of TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C and sequence analysis of fecal 16S rRNA V4 tags using Illumina. Gut microbial community structure was analyzed with QIIME and LEfSe.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the intervention, the body weight of the fasting rats was significantly lower than that in high-fat diet group (P<0.01). OGTT results suggested impairment of sugar tolerance in the fasting group, which showed a significantly larger AUC than compared with the high-fat diet group (P<0.05). Intermittent fasting significantly reduced blood HDL-C and LDL-C levels (P<0.05) and partially restored liver steatosis, and improved the gut microbiota by increasing the abundance of YS2, RF32 and Helicobacteraceae and reducing Lactobacillus, Roseburia, Erysipelotrichaceae and Ralstonia. Bradyrhizobiaceae was found to be positively correlated with CHOL and HDL-C, and RF39 was inversely correlated with the weight of the rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intermittent fasting can decrease the body weight and blood lipid levels and restore normal gut microbiota but can cause impairment of glucose metabolism in obese presenium rats.</p>

Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat , Fasting , Fatty Liver , Microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lipids , Blood , Obesity , Microbiology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310968


Ginseng saponins are a type of important active substances in the ginseng genus plants. They have notable pharmacological activities of antineoplastic, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective activities, which have been drawn more attention to obtain minor ginsenosides by all kinds of methods. In this review, we discussed the latest progress for enrichment of minor ginsenosides by biological transformation of major ginsenosides. At the same time, we have a brief outlook of the research at bioconversion of ginseng saponins.

Bacteria , Metabolism , Biotransformation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Metabolism , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Metabolism
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 132-136, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335329


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the expression of HMGB1 protein in tissue specimens of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and adjacent normal mucosa, and explore the correlation of HMGB1 protein expression with clinicopathologic features and prognosis in LSCC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninty-three cases of LSCC and 5 cases of adjcent mucosal tissue samples were included in this study. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue specimens to examine the HMGB1 protein expression. The data were futher correlated with the clinicopathological features and prognosis of the LSCC patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rates of HMGB1 expression in LSCC specimens was 87.1%, significantly higher than that in the adjcent normal mucosa samples (46.7%, P = 0.001), and its overexpresion was closely correlated with T stage (Chi2 = 10.878, P = 0.004), clinical stage (Chi2 = 21.115, P < 0.01), metastasis (Chi2 = 28.298, P < 0.01) and recurrence (Chi2 = 14. 923, P = 0.001) in patients with LSCC. Patients with HMGB1 overexpression had both poorer disease-free survival and poorer overall survival compared with that in patients with low HMGB1 expression (Chi2 = 13.815, Chi2 = 11.912; Both P < 0.01). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that HMGBI expression is an independent prognostic factor for patients with LSCC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of this study demonstrate that HMGB1 protein expression is significantly increased in LSCC tissues, and HMGB1 protein overexpression is associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with LSCC. These results suggest that HMGB1 may play a critical role in the initiation and progression of LSCC, implicating HMGB1 may become a valuable marker for the prediction of prognosis in patients with LSCC.</p>

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , HMGB1 Protein , Metabolism , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Proportional Hazards Models , Survival Rate