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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of flipped classroom teaching combined with micro-classes and PBL in the training of refresher nurses.Methods:Using the cluster sampling method, 35 refresher nurses from March 2017 to February 2018 were collected as the control group, and 38 refresher nurses from March 2018 to February 2019 were included as the observation group. The control group received the theoretical knowledge training of respiratory specialty by traditional teaching method, and the observation group received theoretical knowledge training of respiratory specialty by using flipped classroom teaching combining micro-classes and PBL. Before and after the training, the special theory assessment with the same difficulty was carried out, and the clinical teaching evaluation was carried out after the training.Results:After the training, the special theory assessment scores of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( t=7.560, P<0.05), with significant differences. Compared with the control group, the clinical teaching evaluation scores of the nurses in the observation group were significantly improved ( t=24.657, P<0.05), with significant differences, especially in the nurses' learning attitude, learning ability, teaching style and teaching satisfaction scores. Conclusion:The flipped classroom teaching combining micro-classes and PBL can significantly improve the special theory assessment scores of refresher nurses, promote the internalization of specialized knowledge, turn to active learning from the passive mode, change the learning attitude of refresher nurses, improve their recognition of clinical teachers and realize teaching benefits as well as learning benefits.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3447-3464, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922807

ABSTRACT

The field of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial-based cancer immunotherapy combines research from multiple subdisciplines of material science, nano-chemistry, in particular nano-biological interactions, immunology, and medicinal chemistry. Most importantly, the "biological identity" of nanomaterials governed by bio-molecular corona in terms of bimolecular types, relative abundance, and conformation at the nanomaterial surface is now believed to influence blood circulation time, bio-distribution, immune response, cellular uptake, and intracellular trafficking. A better understanding of nano-bio interactions can improve utilization of 2D nano-architectures for cancer immunotherapy and immunotheranostics, allowing them to be adapted or modified to treat other immune dysregulation syndromes including autoimmune diseases or inflammation, infection, tissue regeneration, and transplantation. The manuscript reviews the biological interactions and immunotherapeutic applications of 2D nanomaterials, including understanding their interactions with biological molecules of the immune system, summarizes and prospects the applications of 2D nanomaterials in cancer immunotherapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 865-871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report four male COL4A5 mutation mosaicism patients with X-linked Alport syndrome, and to provide evidence for diagnosis, genetic counseling, and reproduction in the respective families and improve our knowledge of mosaicism in Alport syndrome. Methods:Suspected male mosaic patients for COL4A5 who met the following criteria: clinical diagnosis of Alport syndrome, harbored COL4A5 mutations detected using next generation sequencing or Sanger sequencing, heterozygosity for the mutant and normal COL4A5 alleles in the DNA demonstrated by Sanger sequencing, registered in the on-line registry of hereditary kidney diseases, and admitted to Peking University First Hospital during the period of April 2018 to April 2019 were enrolled. Clinical data and karyotypes were retrospectively analyzed. Genetic DNA isolated from multiple tissues was analyzed for COL4A5 gene mutations by using PCR and Sanger sequencing. Related literatures published in PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases were reviewed. Results:Four COL4A5 somatic and germline mosaic male patients with Alport syndrome were included in the study. Patient 1 was characterized by hematuria and proteinuria. His karyotype of peripheral blood was normal. COL4A5 c.3455-1G>A mosaicism was detected in multiple tissues (peripheral blood, saliva and urine). Patient 2 presented with hematuria and microalbuminuria. His karyotype of peripheral blood was normal. COL4A5 c.4994+1G>A mosaicism was detected in multiple tissues (peripheral blood, saliva and skin fibroblasts). Patients 3 showed hematuria without proteinuria. COL4A5 c.3535G>A mosaicism was found in genomic DNA of peripheral blood and hair. Laboratory and physical examinations of patient 4 showed hematuria and normal renal function, without proteinuria, megasoma or small testes. COL4A5 c.3106G>A mosaicism was detected in genomic DNA of skin fibroblasts. Although without karyotype analysis due to unavailable specimens, 47,XXY or 46,XY/47,XXY mosaicism was not considered according to the reproductive history and lack of clinical manifestations of megasoma and small testes in patients 3 and 4. Renal disease in 8 published male cases with mosaicism for COL4A5 was affected by mutant allelic fractions and genotype. Conclusions:Compared with hemizygous males with X-linked Alport syndrome, the renal phenotype of mosaic males was milder, and associated with mutant allelic fractions and mutation type.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911761

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most common causes of death for patients with cardiovascular diseases. General practitioners are the providers of primary medical and health service, it its worthwhile to discuss their role positioning in the prevention and control system of SCD. In this study, SWOT analysis was used to explore the strength, weakness, opportunity and threats of the involvement of general practitioners in SCD prevention and control system, to clarify the roles of general practitioners and to provide suggestions for the improvement and development of SCD prevention and control system in China.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study combined adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with anti-tumor drug treatment on early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence in patients with microvascular invasion (MVI) after partial hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 169 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatectomy with curative intent from January 2015 to December 2018 at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were retrospectively analyzed. MVI was diagnosed by postoperative histopathology. There were 147 males and 22 females, with the median age 56 years(ranged 32-79 years). The patients were divided into surgery group ( n=62, patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy), TACE group ( n=42, patients who only received TACE) and combined group ( n=65, patients who received TACE with anti-tumor drug) according to the therapies after resection. Patients in each group were further divided into grade M1 (mild) and grade M2 (severe) subgroups according to the severity of MVI. All patients were followed-up for observing tumor recurrence. The relapse-free survival in the three groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to compare the tumor-free survival rates. Results:The tumor-free survival rates of 169 patients at 1 and 2 years after operation were 59.2% and 40.8%. The tumor-free survival rates at 1 and 2 years after operation were 45.2% and 25.8% in surgery group, 61.9% and 40.5% in TACE group, 70.8% and 52.3% in combined group respectively. The differences among the three groups were significant: TACE group was better than surgery group, and combined group was better than TACE group, combined group was better than surgery group (all P<0.05). In TACE group and combined group, tumor-free survival rates of M1patients better than M2 patients, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). Among M1 patients and M2 patients, tumor-free survival rates of combined group patients were better than surgery group and TACE group, the difference was significant (all P<0.05). The cumulative tumor-free survival rate was not significantly affected by different antineoplastic agents. Conclusion:Adjuvant TACE reduced the early recurrence rate of HCC patients with MVI. Adjuvant TACE combined with anti-tumor drug further reduced early tumor recurrence.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888173

ABSTRACT

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Remote Sensing Technology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of refined moxibustion, traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine on the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptoms, body signs and comprehensive scores of each group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine treatment, refined moxibustion can better improve the symptoms, body signs and quality of life in patients with the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Qi , Quality of Life
8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1418-1422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887395

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and assoicated factors of tuberculosis (TB) aggregation in schools in Wuhan from 2017 to 2020, and to provide scientific basis for school based TB prevention and control strategies.@*Methods@#Questionnaire star was used to collect data on tuberculosis prevention and control in various schools in Wuhan. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of tuberculosis aggregation in schools.@*Results@#A total of 37 outbreaks of tuberculosis aggregation in schools were reported in Wuhan from 2017 to 2020, which involved 28 different schools, including 24 colleges and universities and 4 senior high schools, 176 cases were reported, among which 39 were positive for pathogens and 17 cases of rifampicin resistant, and the median duration of single cluster epidemic was 48 (28, 368) days, universities were more prone to cluster outbreaks than middle schools ( χ 2=75.27, P <0.01), the incidence in male was higher than that of in female in cluster outbreak ( χ 2=22.82, P =0.00). The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that boarding school ( OR =5.12), TB screening at school entry ( OR =3.27), etiology tracking and registrationin school ( OR =7.28), treatment and isolation of sick students on time ( OR =9.12), whether the dormitories and classrooms were often ventilated ( OR =4.97), and whether the management of school suspension and return was strictly implemented ( OR =4.68) were associated with the occurrence of TB cluster outbreak( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Schools should actively strive for policies and funding, strictly implement TB screening and physical examination for freshmen, as well as the management of contact tracing and registeration, targeted TB health education, guidance for teachers and students for cleaning, disinfection and hand hygiene, timely treatment and reporting of suspected symptoms, to prevent the occurrence of TB clustering outbreaks.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880499

ABSTRACT

Radix Astragali (RA), a traditional Chinese medicine from the dried root of Astragalus species, is widely distributed throughout the temperate regions of the world. The major bioactive constituents of RA are triterpene glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, and alkaloids, and these compounds mostly exert pharmacological activities on the cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, and hepatic systems. This review summarizes the recent studies on RA and provides a comprehensive summary regarding the status of resources, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, clinical application, and patent release of RA. We hope this review can provide a guidance for further development of therapeutic agents from RA.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880514

ABSTRACT

Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk., a perennial herb belonging to the family Umbelliferae, is widely distributed in Northeast Asia. Its dried root (Radix Saposhnikoviae) is used as a Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of immune system, nervous system, and respiratory diseases. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies have shown that the main constituents of S. divaricata are chromones, coumarins, acid esters, and polyacetylenes, and these compounds exhibited significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antiproliferative, antitumor, and immunoregulatory activities. The purpose of this review is to provide comprehensive information on the botanical characterization and distribution, traditional use and ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of S. divaricata for further study concerning its mechanism of action and development of better therapeutic agents and health products from S. divaricata.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873100

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the correlation between endogenous hormone content, related enzyme activity and embryogenesis during the stratification of Acanthopanax senticosus seeds, and to provide theoretical basis for application of endogenous hormones and related physiological indicators in regulating germination of A. senticosus seeds in production and scientific research. Method::Endophytic fungi as well as different concentrations of nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide solution were used for soaking the seeds of A. senticosus, and then thermophilic stratification was conducted for the seeds. The content of endogenous hormones such as gibberellin (GA3), abscisic acid (ABA), indole acetic acid (IAA), indole butyric acid (IBA) and salicylic acid (SA) in seeds of A. senticosus were tested by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and the activity change of enzymes in vivo such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were tested. The correlation between the embryo rate and the hormones and their enzyme activities in the seeds of A. senticosus was studied by the grey correlation method. Result::The embryo rate was significantly positively correlated with IAA, GA3, and CAT, with correlation coefficient of 1.086, 0.935 and 1.067, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between IAA, GA3, CAT, IBA, and SA, but with a significant negative correlation with ABA, MDA, and POD. The correlation degree was as follows: IAA>CAT>GA3>IBA>SA>SOD>ABA>POD>MDA. Conclusion::IAA, GA3 and CAT have significant promoting effects on embryo rate, and there is a significant correlation between hormone content and enzyme activity, which provides a basis for exploring the seed germination mechanism of A. senticosus.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 320-325, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety, feasibility and operational performance of self-developed medical disposable portable endoscopy (YunSendo) for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy examination in Ba-Ma mini-pigs.Methods:A total of 10 Guangxi Ba-Ma mini-pigs were used in the experiment, and mucosal injury models were established in advance by biopsy forceps in esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Each experimental animal underwent medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy (GIF-Q260J) performed by two endoscopists separately. The time when the endoscope reached the duodenum, the number of detected mucosal injuries and endoscopic pictures of different parts with standard image acquisition were recorded. Endoscopic operational performance and endoscopic image quality were evaluated. Different endoscopists recorded experimental results with blind method. The procedures of the two endoscopic examinations were performed by coin-tossing method. The paired t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in the insertion time and total operation time between medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy ( (171.00±9.96) s vs. (164.00±17.84) s, (285.00±33.94) s vs. (273.40±23.46) s; t=1.289 and 1.281, P=0.230 and 0.232). There were no statistically significant differences in the percentage of time of clear visual field during endoscopy insertion and total operation between medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy ((91.83±1.85)% vs. (91.52±1.51)%, (93.07±3.10)% vs. (92.06±2.57)%; t=0.401 and 0.689, P=0.698 and 0.508). Moreover, there were no statistically significant differences in the score of comprehensive operation performance, score of clear image number, score of image color recognition, score of image illumination, comprehensive score of image quality and number of detected mucosal injuries ((9.66±0.30) points vs. (9.86±0.15) points, (39.50±0.71) points vs. (39.30±1.06) points, (39.70±0.48) points vs. (39.40±0.70) points, (39.40±0.70) points vs. (39.50±0.71) points, (9.88±0.09) points vs. (9.85±0.20) points, 9.80±0.42 vs. 9.90±0.32; t=2.176, 1.000, 1.152, 0.317, 0.629 and 0.557, all P>0.05). There were no adverse events after operation in medical disposable portable endoscopy group and Olympus endoscopy group. Conclusions:The medical disposable portable endoscopy is safe and feasible for endoscopy examination in live animal models. Different parts of upper gastrointestinal tract and mucosal lesions can be clearly detected. The operational performance and the image quality are excellent, which is similar to Olympus endoscopy (GIF-Q260J).

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 441-446, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for content determination of 6 active ingredients in Paeonia lactiflora during different harvest periods ,and to investigate its variation rules so as to determine the optimal harvesting period. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of gallic acid , catechin, alibiflorin, paeoniflorin, benzoic acid and benzoylpaeoniflorin,and principal component analysis was conducted . The determination was performed on Thermo C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 230 nm,and column temperature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 10 µL. RESULTS :The linear range of the above 6 ingredients were 0.013 2-0.25 mg/mL(r=0.999 2),0.013 2-0.25 mg/mL(r=0.999 9),0.026 8-0.51 mg/mL(r=0.999 7), 0.42-8.01 mg/mL(r=0.999 2),0.016-0.31 mg/mL(r=0.999 4),0.02-0.38 mg/mL(r=0.999 8),respectively. The limits of quantification were 0.009 3,0.008 5,0.016 3,0.021 7,0.011 3,0.017 4 mg/mL,and the limits of detection were 0.003 3,0.002 7, 0.005 4,0.007 3,0.003 8,0.005 9 mg/mL. RSDs of precision ,stability and repeatability tests were less than 2%. The recoveries were 96.01%-99.43%(RSD=1.23%,n=9),97.95%-100.45%(RSD=0.79%,n=9),97.98%-100.11%(RSD=0.68%,n= 9),98.83% -100.09% (RSD=0.65% ,n=9),98.58% - 100.95%(RSD=1.35%,n=9),96.28%-103.26%(RSD= 1.76%,n=9). The contents of above 6 ingredients in Radix Paeoniae Rubra (roots) were 0.016% -0.057% ,0-0.067% , 0.207%-0.640%,2.350%-5.887%,0.030%- 0.245%,0.054%- 0.381%,respectively. On May 30th,the drying rate of Radix 0451-87266873。E-mail:wangzhen_yue@163.com Paeoniae Rubra was the lowest (about 33%),and on Sept. 15th,the drying rate was the highest (about 49%). The contents of gallic acid and paeoniflorin in the leaves of P. lactiflora were higher than the root during Jul.-Oct. Results of principal component analysis showed that the variance contribution rates of the first two principal components were 71.845% and 18.170%,respectively;cumulative variance contribution rate was 90.015%. The months with higher comprehensive scores were May to Jun. and Sept. to Oct. CONCLUSIONS :Established method is simple , accurate,reproducible and precise. It can be used to determine the contents of 6 active ingredients in Radix Paeoniae Rubra during different harvest periods. Sept. 30th to Oct. 15th is the optimum harvesting periods for Radix Paeoniae Rubra ,and leaves can be harvested around Jul. 15th.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 390-396, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for helping poor patients with chronic diseases to get rid of poverty and enjoy drug welfare. METHODS :A overall general questionnaire was designed and conducted in Lianyungang City and Changzhou City of Jiangsu Province ,and then conducted formal investigation in Gansu ,Hebei and Sichuan. Factor analysis was used to analyze the survey results ,and the drug welfare effects of 4 kinds of chronic diseases were scored ,the difference and main influential factors of drug welfare effect for different chronic disease patients were found out. RESULTS :A total of 745 questionnaires were sent out , and 721 effective questionnaires were finally collected ,with an effective recovery rate of 96.8%. Factor analysis results showed that the drug welfare effect of patients with chronic diseases can be divided into 5 dimensions such as drug health effect ,drug fair effet,drug price effect ,drug availability effect and personal economic level effect. The average score of comprehensive drug welfare effect of chronic disease patients was 2.56(general). The average scores of comprehensive drug welfare effects in patients with diabetes,cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases ,chronic respiratory system diseases and malignant tumors were 3.12(good), 2.73(general),2.56(general)and 1.90(poor). The key factors influencing the drug welfare of the patients with chronic diseases were health effect ,drug fair effect ,and drug price effect. CONCLUSIONS :In formulating relevant policies ,the state should take drug health effect ,drug fair effect ,drug price effect and drug availability of chronic diseases into consideration ,and formulate more comprehensive and effective drug policy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the optimal preoperative timing of indocyanine green administration to do the fluorescence imaging during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods:A total of 102 patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy from January 2019 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed in this study, including 42 male patients and 60 female patients with an average age of 49(15-87) years old. The preoperative timing of indocyanine green (2.5 mg/ml, 1 ml) administration was set at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 h before surgery, 12, 7, 8, 6, 6, 7, 8, 10, 8, 8, 8, 7, 7 patients, respectively. The intraoperative fluorescence imaging and signal contrast were compared.Results:Comparing with 0.5h group, the liver fluorescence intensities in 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and12 h groups were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). There were no differences in the fluorescence intensities of the gallbladder, gallbladder duct, common bile duct and common liver duct between those groups with different injection timepoints (all P>0.05), and signal contrast was significantly lower in 0.5 h group than patients in 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 h groups (all P<0.05). When preoperative timing of indocyanine green administration was 7 h, the fluorescence signal contrast reached the highest values of 0.29. Conclusions:The optimal preoperative timing of indocyanine green intravenous administration for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under fluorescence navigation was 7 h at dose 2.5 mg.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 338-344, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of whole-lesion histogram parameters of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in evaluating and predicting the pathological complete response(PCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in different subtypes of breast cancer.Methods:This retrospective study included 117 patients with breast cancer who underwent MRI examination before NAC prior to surgery from January 2016 to December 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University. All cases were divided into Luminal B, HER2 positive ( n=21) and triple negative ( n=26) groups. The surgical pathology after chemotherapy was evaluated by Miller-Payne (M-P) system and the patients were divided into PCR group and non-PCR (nPCR) group. Firevoxel software was used to generate the whole-lesion ADC histogram. The parameters included mean (ADC mean), skewness, kurtosis, the minimum (ADC min), the maximum (ADC max), 10th percentile(ADC 10%), 50th percentile (ADC 50%) and 90th percentile (ADC 90%). The two independent samples t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences between PCR and nPCR groups in each subtype. The diagnostic performance of statistically different ADC parameters for predicting PCR was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Kurtosis was significantly higher in PCR group than that in nPCR group in HER2 positive subtype ( P=0.039). It achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.813 with sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 68.7% at the optimal cutoff value (1.861) for differentiating PCR from nPCR cases. In triple negative subtype, ADC mean and ADC 50% were smaller in PCR group than those in nPCR group ( P=0.028,0.013). They achieved AUCs of 0.800, 0.842, respectively. When ADC mean of 1.030×10 -3 mm 2/s and ADC 50% of 0.976×10 -3 mm 2/s were used as cutoff value to differentiate PCR from nPCR, the sensitivities were 75.0%, 80.0% and the specificities were 83.3%, 83.3%, respectively. Conclusion:Kurtosis can predict post-NAC PCR in patients with HER2 positive breast cancer, while ADC 50% has a high value in predicting post NAC PCR of triple negative breast cancer patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 192-197, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the synergistic effect of sarcopenia and osteoporosis on the occurrence of spinal osteoporotic fracture (OPF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:A total of 389 hospitalized RA patients and 156 age and sex-matched normal subjects (control group) were recruited. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) method was used to measure bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and hip, and bioelectrical impedance method was applied to determine skeletal muscle mass of limbs. X-ray examination of spin was conducted and spinal OPF was diagnosed according to semi-quality method. Student's t test was used for comparison of measurement date between the two groups, χ2 test was used for comparison of intergroup rates, and Logistic Regression(Backward LR) method was used for multivariate Regression analysis of binomial classification data. Results:BMD of all test sites in RA patients was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.01). The incidence of total OP in RA group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(32.9% vs 12.8%), χ2=22.706, P<0.01]. A total of 84 patients with RA developed spinal OPF, with an incidence of 21.6% which was higher than that in the control group [(3.8%), χ2=25.439, P<0.01]. The incidence of sarcopenia in RA was 54.8%, significantly higher than that in the control group [(9.6%), χ2=93.241, P<0.01]. The incidence of sarcopenia combined with osteoporosis in RA group (28.5%) was significantly higher than that in the control group [(5.8%), χ2=118.110, P<0.01]. Comparison of the incidence of spinal OPF in RA patients among groups with different bone mass (normal bone mass, osteopenia, osteoporosis) showed that the incidence of spinal OPF among these groups was statistically different ( χ2=43.373, P<0.01), and the incidence of spinal OPF increased along with the decrease of bone mass ( χ2=43.003, P<0.01). The incidence of spinal OPF in RA patients with sarcopenia (27.2%, 58/213) was significantly higher than that in RA patients without sarcopenia [(14.8%, 26/176), χ2=8.833, P=0.003]. All participants were divided into three groups: group 1=no OP and sarcopenia, group 2=with sarcopenia or OP, group 3=both sarcopenia and OP. Difference of incidence of spine OPF in RA patients among three groups was statistically significant ( χ2=33.832, P<0.01), and the incidence of spinal OPF raised gradually in group 1 and 3, ( χ2=37.164, P<0.01). Incidences of sarcopenia, OP and spinal OPF in RA treated with glucocorticoid (GC) were higher than those in RA without GC ( P<0.05, P<0.01). Results of logistic regression showed advanced age[ OR(95% CI)=1.069(1.038, 1.101), P<0.01], usage of GC [ OR(95% CI)=3.169(1.679, 5.984), P<0.01] and sarcopenia combined with OP [ OR(95% CI)=2.113(1.430, 3.124), P<0.01] were risk factors for spinal OPF in RA patients. Conclusion:Incidences of sarcopenia, OP and spinal OPF in RA patients are higher than that in normal controls. Sarcopenia and OP have a synergistic effect on spinal OPF in RA patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To validate the role of color Doppler ultrasound in an animal model to detect early heterotopic ossification (HO) after brain-traumatic/burn/tenotomy.Methods:Forty-four rats were randomly divided into two groups. Rats in experimental group ( n=22) were operated to build brain-traumatic/burn/tenotomy model and others in control group ( n=22) underwent only skin incision injury. Color Doppler ultrasound, X-ray film examination at 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks post-injury were performed to follow up the progression of HO in both groups respectively. Histology was used to confirm bone formation. Results:In the experimental group, disorder structure with a hypoechoiccore in treated Achilles tendon was visualized using color Doppler ultrasound in the 2nd week. Additional tiny hyperechoic foci were observed in the 3rd week, which increased in the fourth week and fused into a mineralized island in the sixth week. No obvious abnormality was found in control group at the aforementioned time point. X-ray could detect heterotopic bone tissue in the sixth week in the experimental group but not in the control group. X-ray and HE stainning had confirmed bone formation in the tenth week in the experimental group.Conclusions:Color Doppler ultrasound can detect early HO and continuously follow up the progression of HO.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of spinal orthosis and exercise training on psychological status and quality of life in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods:From July, 2017 to Febrary, 2018, 55 AIS patients aged ten to 16 years were enrolled. According to the individual's choice, they were divided into exercise group (n = 25) and orthosis group (n = 30). The Cobb's angle, apex vertebral rotation (AVR), trunk shift (TS) and apex vertebral translocation (AVT) were measured before, three months and six months after intervention. They were also evaluated with Scoliosis Research Society Patient Questionnaire-22 (SRS-22) before and six months after intervention. Results:Six months after intervention, the scores of function/activity level, pain, self-image/appearance and treatment satisfaction were better in the exercise group than in the orthosis group (t > 2.137, P < 0.05). Three months and six months after intervention, the Cobb's angles reduced significantly in both groups (t > 4.461, P < 0.001); six months after intervention, the Cobb's angle was smaller in the orthosis group than in the exercise group (t = 2.548, P < 0.05). Three months and six months after intervention, TS, AVR and AVT improved in both groups (t > 2.338, P < 0.05); six months after intervention, they were better in the orthosis group than in the exercise group (t > 2.259, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Single exercise training is effective on AIS patients with Cobb's angle between 25° to 40°, especially for psychological status and the quality of life, however, it isn't as better as orthotics treatment for deformity correction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 326-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805228

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of bronchoscopic brushing liquid-based slide cytology combined with automatic immunocytochemistry (ICC) for pathological typing of lung cancer.@*Methods@#A liquid-based thin-prep was prepared from 171 bronchoscopic brushing specimens of patients with pulmonary lesions. ICC was detected by automatic immunohistochemistry instrument while cytomorphological diagnosis was made. The results were compared with those of histopathological diagnosis.@*Results@#Among 171 patients, 130 (76.0%) could be classified by cell morphology alone, including 31 squamous cell carcinomas, 44 adenocarcinomas and 55 small cell carcinomas; 162 (94.7%) could be classified by cell morphology combined with ICC, including 38 squamous cell carcinomas, 61 adenocarcinomas and 63 small cell carcinomas (P<0.001). According to the gold standard of histopathological diagnosis, the coincidence rate of cytomorphology combined with ICC was higher than that of cell morphology alone. The coincidence rate of squamous cell carcinoma was increased from 85.2% to 97.1% (P=0.093), adenocarcinoma from 92.5% to 98.0% (P<0.001), and small cell carcinoma from 96.1% to 98.3% (P=0.465).@*Conclusion@#The combination of liquid-based thin-prep cytology and automatic immunohistochemistry can effectively improve the accuracy of pathological typing of brushing specimens under fiberoptic bronchoscopy, and provide more objective diagnostic results for clinical treatment.

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