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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of coping behaviors among caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 358 caregivers (parents) of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. They were evaluated in the context of rehabilitation of children with disabilities with Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors. Results:The total score of CHIP was (106.00±23.45) and the average score of CHIP was (2.36±0.52). Among the caregiver factor, mothers (B = 7.607, 95%CI 2.477 to 12.737, P = 0.004), and caregivers who didn't need to care for others (B = 5.758, 95%CI 1.174 to 10.343, P = 0.014) reported higher CHIP score. Among the child factors, higher CHIP score was reported in caregivers who had more partners (B = 2.925, 95%CI 1.233 to 4.618, P < 0.001), participated in public space activities more frequently (B = 3.906, 95%CI 1.743 to 6.068, P < 0.001) and perceived changes in rehabilitation outcomes (B = -16.832, 95%CI -31.471 to -2.193, P = 0.024); CHIP score was lower in thoses of 3 to < 6 years old (B = -7.914, 95%CI -15.157 to -0.671, P = 0.032) and with intellectual disability children (B = -11.153, 95%CI -21.360 to -0.947, P = 0.032). Among the environmental factors, caregivers who perceived more friendly social attitude (B = 2.560, 95%CI 0.615 to 4.505, P = 0.010) reported higher CHIP score. Conclusion:It is proposed to learn the coping needs of caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation. The coping behaviors of caregivers are influenced by multiple factors, such as children's individual, caregivers and environment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities and analyze the influencing factors. Methods:From August to September, 2020, a one-to-one interview was conducted using a convenience sampling method to determine the depression status of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities in Shanghai. Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate the depression status. The data were analyzed with univariate analysis from three aspects: caregiver, care recipient and environment. Then, the statistically significant variables were included in a dichotomous logistic regression. Results:The depression rate of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities was 35.9%. Among the caregiver factors, female caregivers had a higher risk of depression than male (OR = 2.193, 95%CI 1.131 to 4.254, P = 0.002). Among the care recipient factors, poor sleep quality (OR = 1.942, 5%CI 1.113 to 3.386, P < 0.05), emotional instability (OR = 17.456, 95%CI 2.534 to 120.240, P < 0.05) and types of disability (ORintelligence = 5.401, 95%CI 1.995 to 14.624; ORmental = 3.712, 95%CI 1.615 to 8.530; ORphysical = 2.913, 95%CI 1.330 to 6.379; P < 0.05) were associated with the depression of caregivers. Among the environmental factors, caregivers in rented housing had a higher risk of depression than those in owner-occupied housing (OR = 1.727, 95%CI 1.135 to 2.627, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities is not optimistic, with higher rates of reported depression among female caregivers, caregivers in rented housing; caregivers of children with intellectual, mental and physical disabilities, and poor sleep quality and emotional instability.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anxiety state and its influencing factors for caregivers of children with disabilities. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. Crosstab was used to analyze the anxiety state and binary logistic regression analysis was used for identifying key factors. Results:There were 73.2% parents and 26.8% grandparents among 496 caregivers. Physical disabilities accounted most (26.0%) in the children. About 35.1% caregivers reported their anxiety state, and more than 10% reported moderate to severe anxiety. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that grandfather reported 0.318 times anxiety to mother (OR = 0.318, 95%CI 0.113 to 0.900, P = 0.031). Sleep problems (OR = 1.713, 95%CI 1.046 to 2.805, P = 0.032) and emotional functioning (ORgenerally = 0.057, 95%CI 0.009 to 0.340, P = 0.002; ORstable = 0.031, 95%CI 0.005 to 0.205, P < 0.001) of children were associated with the rate of caregiver-reported anxiety. Among family environment factors, monthly per capita household income (OR5000-< 10000 Yuan = 0.463, 95%CI 0.236 to 0.909, P = 0.025; OR≥ 10,000 Yuan = 0.325, 95%CI 0.160 to 0.660, P = 0.002) and housing status (OR = 0.356, 95%CI 0.208 to 0.608, P < 0.001) were associated with the rate of caregiver-reported anxiety. Among social environment factors, caregivers who were satisfied with current accessibility reported lower rate of anxiety (ORsatisfied = 0.136, 95%CI 0.031 to 0.602, P = 0.009). Conclusion:The anxiety state of caregivers of children with disabilities is higher than that of the general population. When caregivers are caring for a child with sleep problem or emotional issue, have low household income, or dissatisfied with the barrier-free environment, they may face higher risk of anxiety.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life of caregivers of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. The 12-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-12) was used to measure the quality of life of 496 caregivers, and multiple linear regression was performed to analyze the related factors. Results:The score of physical component summary (PCS) of caregivers was (51.67±8.11), and the score of mental component summary (MCS) was (42.10±12.66). The scores of PCS were lower in caregivers with children aged 6 to 18 years (B = -1.783, 95%CI -3.279 to -0.287, P = 0.020), children with emotional instability (B = 2.719, 95%CI 1.254 to 4.184, P < 0.001), female caregivers (B = -3.765, 95%CI -6.578 to -0.953, P = 0.009), and caregivers who were relatively dissatisfied with the policy (B = 1.973, 95%CI 0.367 to 3.578, P = 0.016); and were higher in caregivers with children with speech disabilities (B = 3.463, 95%CI 0.053 to 6.873, P = 0.047). The types of disabilities of children (Bhearing = 9.465, 95%CI 5.107 to 13.823, P < 0.001; Bundetermined = 5.999, 95%CI 1.558 to 10.441, P = 0.008), playmates of children (B = 2.626, 95%CI 0.352 to 4.901, P = 0.024), education level of caregivers (Bhigh middle school = -4.701, 95%CI -8.028 to -1.374, P = 0.006; Bhigh school = -3.610, 95%CI -6.604 to -0.615, P = 0.018), family size (B = 2.616, 95%CI 0.479 to 4.753, P = 0.017) and per capita monthly income (B < 5000 Yuan= -6.572, 95%CI -9.136 to -4.008, P < 0.001; B5000 to < 10000 Yuan = -4.932, 95%CI -7.544 to -2.319, P < 0.001) were associated with the scores of MCS. Conclusion:The quality of life, especially the mental health, of caregivers of children with disabilities is poor. The influencing factors cover multiple dimensions such as caregivers, children, family and social environment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the nutritional status and influencing factors among children with disabilities in developed areas. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 480 caregivers of children with disabilities aged two to 18 years in Shanghai were investigated their heights and weights, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The influencing factors were analyzed from the dimensions of children's personal, family and social characteristics based on the Ecological System Theory. Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors associated with the nutritional status of children with disabilities. Results:The prevalence of thinness, overweight and obesity in 480 children was 23.75%, 13.54% and 13.33%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that potato intake (OR = 0.420, 95%CI 0.197 to 0.893, P < 0.05) and caregivers' perception of child's weight (OR underweight = 4.188, 95%CI 1.488 to 11.787, P < 0.01) were associated with children's thinness. Types of disability (OR autism= 0.142, 95%CI 0.034 to 0.591, P < 0.01), the role of caregiver (OR father= 5.519, 95%CI 1.110 to 27.440, P < 0.05), and caregivers' perception of the child's weight (OR overweight = 5.669, 95%CI 1.112 to 28.903, P < 0.05) were associated with children's overweight/obesity. Conclusion:The prevalence of malnutrition among children with disabilities in Shanghai is higher than those typically-developing, especially thinness and obesity. The nutritional status is greatly affected by the type of disability, dietary intake and family characteristics.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of the quality of life of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 285 family caregivers of children with disabilities were enrolled in Shanghai. The EuroQol-5 Dimension Questionnaire Youth Version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to measure the quality of life of 285 children with disabilities. The impact of individual factors, caregiver factors, and environmental factors (family factors and social factors) on children's quality of life were analyzed using multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results:The score of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was (71.66±22.33). The quality of life were poorer for children with physical disabilities (B = -13.623, 95%CI -25.282 to -1.965, P = 0.022) or multiple disabilities (B = -14.911, 95%CI -27.445 to -2.377, P = 0.020), combined diseases (B = -8.995, 95%CI -14.780 to -3.210, P = 0.002), emotional instability (B = -4.414, 95%CI -7.433 to -1.395, P = 0.004), poor partnerships (B = 4.965, 95%CI 1.748 to 8.181, P = 0.003), no pre-school education (B = -7.757, 95%CI -12.954 to -2.561, P = 0.004) and grandparents as the main caregiver (B = -7.999, 95%CI -14.288 to -1.710, P = 0.013). Conclusion:The quality of life for children with disabilities is relatively poor and influenced by multiple factors such as children's individual, caregivers, and environment. The main influencing factors are individual factors and caregiver factors.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the care needs and influencing factors for caregivers of children with disabilities. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. The Care Needs Assessment Tool for Children with Disabilities was used to measure the care needs rates and satisfaction, and multiple linear regression was performed to analyze the related factors. Results:The rate of total need was 71.8%, which was high in the information support (83.7%), spiritual support (75.9%) and financial support (74.1%), and was at an intermediate level in alternative service support (62.9%) and professional support (62.2%). The satisfaction of total need was 39.4%, which was at a intermediate level in the spiritual support (50.8%) and professional support (45.5%), and was at a low level in alternative service support (32.8%), financial support (32.3%) and information support (30.3%). The caregivers needed less support for thoses with higher public policy satisfaction (B = -3.252, 95%CI -5.370 to -1.134, P = 0.003) and the children with vision and speech disability, and undetermined disability (Bvision disability= -12.160, 95%CI -21.976 to -2.344, P = 0.015; Bspeech disability= -12.754, 95%CI -22.583 to -2.925, P = 0.011; Bundetermined disability= -16.553, 95%CI -24.714 to -8.392, P < 0.001), while mothers (B = 9.071, 95%CI 4.293 to 13.848, P < 0.001) needed more support than grandparents. The caregivers with higher public policy satisfaction (B = 7.392, 95%CI 5.523 to 9.262, P < 0.001), the children with vision disability, hearing disability and speech disability (Bvision disability= 8.612, 95%CI 0.081 to 17.144, P = 0.048; Bhearing disability= 8.686, 95%CI 1.920 to 15.451, P=0.012; Bspeech disability= 9.515, 95%CI 1.184 to 17.846, P = 0.025), lower barriers to social inclusion (B = 1.932, 95%CI 0.457 to 3.408, P = 0.010) and shorter average daily care hours (B = -4.123, 95%CI -6.247 to -1.999, P < 0.001) were more satisfactory for support. Conclusion:The care needs of children with disabilities are diverse, with the highest rate of need for information support and the lowest level of satisfaction. There is some variation in the care needs of children with different types of disabilities, family roles, average daily care hours and social environment characteristics.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771440

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of comprehensive therapy based on Chinese medicine (CM) patterns on self-efficacy and satisfaction with its effectiveness in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 216 patients were randomly divided into the trial group (n =108) and the control group (n=108) based on the stratified and block randomization design. Patients in the trial group were treated with conventional Western medicine combined with Bufei Jianpi Granules (), Bufei Yishen Granules (), and Yiqi Zishen Granules () according to the CM patterns respectively, and patients in the control group were treated with conventional Western medicine. The COPD Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) and the Effectiveness Satisfaction Questionnaire for COPD (ESQ-COPD) were employed in a 6-month treatment and in further 6 month follow-up visit.@*RESULTS@#Among the 216 patients, 191 patients (97 in the trial group and 94 in the control group) fully completed the study. After 12-month treatment and follow-up, the mean scores of the trial group all continued to increase over time, which were significantly higher than those of the control group (P <0.05), and the improvement in the following trial group domain: negative affect domain (12.13%), intense emotional arousal domain (12.21%), physical exertion domain (11.72%), weather/environmental domain (13.77%), behavioral risk domain (7.67%) and total score (10.65%). The trial group also exhibited significantly higher mean scores in the ESQ-COPD (P <0.05) and the improvement in the following domain: capacity for life and work domain (30.59%), clinical symptoms domain (53.52%), effect of therapy domain (35.95%), convenience of therapy domain (35.54%), and whole effect domain (52.47%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bufei Jianpi Granules, Bufei Yishen Granules and Yiqi Zishen Granules can improve the self-efficacy and satisfaction of COPD patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 438-443, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710964

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of cortactin antibody in myasthenia gravis (MG).Methods Cortactin antibody in the serum of 100 MG patients, 40 normal controls and 40 other neuroimmune diseases patients was examined by Western blotting and ELISA using purified recombinant human protein cortactin as antigen .Acetylcholine receptor antibody ( AchR-ab ) and muscle specific kinase antibody (MuSK-ab) were parallely measured by ELISA.Results Antibodies to cortactin were found in nine (9%) serum samples of 100 MG patients.Four of the nine cortactin antibody positive sera were also positive for AChR-ab.The rest five MG patients only had antibodies against cortactin ( no detectable AChR-ab or MuSK-ab).None of the control subjects (including 40 normal controls and 40 other neuroimmune diseases patients ) had cortactin antibodies.Most (7/9) of the cortactin antibody positive MG patients presented with early-onset subgroup.Patients only with cortactin antibodies did not appear to have thymoma.Patients with MG who had both AChR and cortactin antibodies showed maximum involvement of muscles and severe Osserman's classification ( three cases of type ⅡB and one case of type Ⅳ) . Conclusion Cortactin antibody may be a new antibody for MG , which can provide clues for further exploring the potential pathogenic mechanisms of the disease .

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 939-943, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702848

ABSTRACT

Liver regeneration depends on powerful immune system of ownself. TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-6,IL-12,etc. that secreted by innate immune cells such as macrophages,dendritic cells,NK cells and NKT cells,could act on the hepatocytes and regulate liver regen-eration (LR) through corresponding signaling pathways. This article summarizes the mechanism of different innate immune cells on hep-atocytes,clarifies the recent advances of liver innate immune cellsduring liver regeneration process,lay the foundation for revealing the molecular mechanism of the development of liver regeneration and liver diseases, and for the research and development of new therapeutic methods for liver diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698254

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of galectin-3 (Gal-3)and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)with in-stent restenosis (ISR).Methods We consecutively recruited 434 patients who had undergone successful drug eluting stent (DES)implantation.Then we divided them into ISR group (n=41)and NO-ISR group (n=393)according to the results of coronary angiography review.Independent risk factors for ISR were found out by multivariate analysis and the two groups were matched for these factors except for Gal-3 and MMP-9 .After elim-ination of the influence of confounders,serum Gal-3 and MMP-9 were compared between the groups and their rela-tions with the severity of ISR were analyzed.Patients were grouped based on Gal-3 and MMP-9 concentrations and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs)were compared between the two groups.Results After elimination of the influence of confounders,the results showed that serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 were significantly higher in ISR group than in NO-ISR group (P<0.001).Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 increased with the increased grade of classification.Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 were obviously higher in classes Ⅲ and Ⅳ ISR than in class Ⅰ (P<0.05).Patients with higher levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 had a higher incidence of MACEs (P<0.01).ISR group had a higher incidence of MACEs than NO-ISR group (P<0.05).Conclusion Serum levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 are correlated with ISR and its severity,and they are independent risk factors for ISR.The rate of MACEs during follow-up period was increased with the increased levels of Gal-3 and MMP-9 .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698253

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of low level of free thyroxin (FT4)within normal range with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD)and carotid atherosclerosis.Methods We enrolled 312 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG)and divided them into CAD group (196 cases)and non-CAD group (116 cases)according to CAG results.We calculated Gensini score and divided CAD group into≤10 Gensini score group (n=65),10-30 Gensini score group (n=67)and >30 Gensini score group (n=64).Thyroid hormone level,carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)and other clinical data were measured and compared between the groups,and the correlation analysis was used to find the relationship of FT4 level with Gensini score.By taking CIMT reference value of 0.9 mm as the standard,we divided the patients into thickened IMT group (IMT≥0.9 mm)and normal IMT group (IMT<0.9 mm).Results The level of FT4 was significantly lower in CAD group and subgroups than in non-CAD group (P<0.05).The level of FT4 was negatively correlated with Gensini score (P<0.05).The levels of FT4 and TT4 were significantly lower in thickened CIMT group than in normal CIMT group (P<0.05).Conclusion Low level of FT4 within normal range is significantly related to the severity of CAD,and low level of FT4 can be used as an independent risk factor for the severity of CAD.Low levels of FT4 and TT4 are significantly related to carotid atherosclerosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698252

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic methods and their curative effects in recurrent ischemic angina for internal mammary artery resterosis after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods We enrolled the patients who had recurrence of ischemic angina for restenosis of internal mammary artery graft after CABG as research subjects in the Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University from January 2014 to January 2016.The 42 patients were divided into three groups according to the different treatment approaches for recurrence of ischemic angina:Group A (n=22)who received internal mammary artery interventional therapy;Group B (n=12)who received coronary artery bypass grafting treatment;and Group C (n=8)who received left subclavian artery proximal stent treatment.Then we compared the clinical therapeutic effects in the three groups.Results The success rate in Group C was 100%,which was the highest in the three groups,and the post-operative restenosis rate was 0.The hospitalization time was significantly shorter in Group A than in Group B (P<0.05).However,the two groups did not significantly differ in mortality,success rate or restenosis rate (P>0.05).Conclusion We should select the appropriate treatment according to the patient's specific situation for recurrent ischemic angina. Endovascular treatment has evident therapeutic effects,rapid postoperative recovery,and lower treatment risk, making it the preferred treatment when possible.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698251

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between coronary artery stenosis and endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary heart disease and subclinical hypothyroidism.Methods According to the results of coronary angiography and thyroid function,the patients were divided into coronary heart disease with subclinical hypothyroidism (group A,n=71),coronary heart disease without subclinical hypothyroidism (group B,n=73), and normal coronary angiography (control group,n=59).The degree of coronary artery stenosis was evaluated by Gensini integral method.Fasting blood was taken to measure nitric oxide (NO),high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP),and endothelin (ET)to evaluate endothelial dysfunction.Results TC,TG,LDL-c,FT3,TSH,hs-CRP,ET and Gensini score were higher in Group A than in Group B and control group (P<0.05).The level of NO in Group A and Group B were lower than that in control group (P<0 .0 5).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age,TSH,ET and NO were independent risk factors for coronary heart disease.ET and NO levels in patients with coronary heart disease combined with subclinical hypothyroidism were correlated with Gensini scores (r=0.431,r=-0.383,P<0.001).Conclusion Subclinical hypothyroidism may cause endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary heart disease,which may increase cardiovascular risk in these patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698250

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive values of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR)before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)and a reexamination of coronary angiography (CAG)on the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR)in patients implanted with coronary drug eluting stent (DES).Methods For this study we enrolled 123 patients who had undergone successful drug eluting stent implantation (SI)and a further CAG reexamination.Another 45 patients with non-coronary heart disease (NC)served as controls.PLR and NLR were measured before DES implantation or CAG and compared between the groups.Patients in SI group were further divided into two subgroups based on the results of CAG reexamination:ISR group and no-ISR group.Hematologic data were reexamined before further CAG and compared between the subgroups.Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC)was drawn to evaluate the predictive values of PLR and NLR for ISR.Results PLR and NLR before PCI or a further CAG were significantly higher in ISR group (34 patients)than in non-ISR group (89 patients,P<0.05).Before PCI,the best cutoff value of PLR in screening restenosis was 107.20;the sensitivity and the specificity were 64.7% and 65.2%.The best cutoff value of NLR in screening restenosis was 2.72; the sensitivity and the specificity were 61.8% and 70.8%. Before CAG reexamination,the best cutoff value of PLR in screening restenosis was 160.08;the sensitivity and the specificity were 26.5% and 97.8%.The best cutoff value of NLR in screening restenosis was 2.08;the sensitivity and the specificity were 73.5% and 56.2%.Conclusion Both PLR and NLR before PCI or CAG reexamination can be predictors of ISR in patients implanted with DES.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698249

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP)and serum bilirubin with coronary in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation.Methods For this research we recruited 268 patients who had undergone successful drug-eluting coronary stent implantation and then received coronary angiography.Both ends (from the edge of the supporting frame≤5 mm)or the vessel's diameter stenosis ≥50% were used as the definition of restenosis.According to the results of coronary angiography,the subjects were divided into restenosis group (42 cases)and non-restenosis group (226 cases).The total bilirubin,direct bilirubin,indirect bilirubin and AIP in the two groups were compared to explore the correlation of AIP and serum bilirubin with in-stent restenosis.Results AIP in restenosis group was significantly higher than that in non-restenosis group (P<0.05).The level of total bilirubin was significantly lower in the former group than in the latter one (P<0.05). Conclusion AIP is a risk factor for restenosis,and serum total bilirubin is a protective factor for coronary stent restenosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) and coronary artery stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction.Methods For this study we consecutively enrolled 345 patients who received coronary angiography (CAG).According to the results,the subjects were divided into coronary stenosis group (232 cases)and control group (113 cases)to investigate the the relationship of IMA and IMA/albumin (IMAr)with coronary stenosis.Results ① The levels of IMA and IMAr in coronary stenosis group were higher than those in control group (P<0.001).② The IMA and IMAr were higher in single-branch and multi-branch lesion groups than in control group (P<0.05),whereas there was no significant difference between single-branch lesion group and multi-branch lesion group (P>0.05).③ In receiver operating characteristics curve analysis,the sensitivity of IMA and IMAr was 64.4% and 78.0%,respectively (AUC:0.653,0.705,P<0.001)in predicting coronary stenosis.④ Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IMAr was an independent risk factor for coronary stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction (OR=73.05,P<0.001).Conclusion IMA and IMAr are closely correlated with coronary stenosis and have a value in predicting coronary artery stenosis in patients without myocardial infarction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698247

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial injury is the initial manifestation of coronary atherosclerosis,and currently there are many researches on the mechanism of vascular endothelial injury.If the risk factors for coronary athero-sclerotic heart disease (CAD)are sustained and not reversed,endothelial dysfunction will occur,followed by coro-nary remodeling,and ultimately will lead to the occurrence of CAD.The study on the mechanism of vascular endo-thelial injury and vascular remodeling plays an important role in predicting the development of CAD and guiding the treatment of CAD.Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)is one of the main revascularizations for coronary heart disease.With the evolution of drug-eluting stents,the incidence of thrombosis and restenosis caused by vascu-lar endothelial injury after PCI is reduced.Biocompatibility of coronary stent technology is also improved based on the mechanism of vascular endothelial dysfunction and vascular remodeling.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1012-1015, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691898

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the structure validity of application of sub-health measurement scale version 1.0(SHMS V1.0)in college students in Guangzhou City to lay a foundation for further analyzing the healthy status in this group and its influen-cing factors.Methods Nine hundreds college students were selected by adopting the stratified random sampling method for conduc-ting the questionnaire survey.The SPSS20.0 and AMOS21.0 were adopted to conduct the exploratory factor analysis(EFA)and confirmatory factor analysis(CFA)respectively.Results EFA obtained 7 factors with eigenvalue more than 1,the cumulative vari-ance contribution rate was 56.766%,moreover 7 factors were basically consistent with the theoretical structure of SHMS V 1.0. CFA conducted the model fitting for 3 total scales and 3 subscales,the results showed that the fitting of 3 subscales was good,the fitting result of total scale could be accepted,but did not reach the desired effect.Therefore,five times modification was applied in the total scale,and the fitting indexes after modification were CMIN/DF=2.723,GFI=0.907,IFI=0.917,TLI= 0.905,CFI=0.917,RMSEA=0.046,the fitting effect was comparatively excellent.Conclusion The dimension division of sub-health measure-ment scale is basically reasonable,and using this scale for measuring the sub-health status of college students in Guangzhou City has a better structure validity.

20.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1094-1097,1121, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666337

ABSTRACT

In recent years,medical disputes occur quite frequently and doctor-patient relationship becomes more and more tensional.There exists an important factor of doctors' opportunistic behavior besides patients' misunderstanding caused by disease suffering,governments' under-investment in medical market,and imperfect supervise of the relevant departments.This paper analyzed the reasons and main forms of doctors' opportunistic behavior and how to solve it,and thus to improve the tense doctor-patient relationship and medical environment.

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