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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the anatomical distribution of and factors related to single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:The radiology and clinical data of 944 patients with single-segment OVCF hospitalized in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University between June 2016 and October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 175 males and 769 females, aged 72.1±9.6 years (range, 45-97 years). The anatomical distribution of OVCF was quantified. The demographics, comorbidity profile, spine trauma, back pain duration, vertebral compression degree, and bone mineral density of the OVCF patients in different anatomical segments were summarized and compared.Results:Of the 944 single-segment OVCF, 864 were located in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine that peaked at L 1 (Modal-1 group), and 80 were located in the middle and upper thoracic spine (Modal-2 group) that peaked at T 7, demonstrating an asymmetric bimodal distribution. The difference in the female/male ratio between the two groups was insignificant (χ 2=0.06, P=0.803). Patients in Modal-2 were aged 75.0±9.8 years and on average older than the patients (aged 71.8±9.6 years) in Modal-1 ( t=2.78, P=0.005). The female patients in Modal-2 (aged 75.0±9.6 years) were significantly older than that (aged 71.2±9.3 years) in Modal-1 ( t=3.17, P=0.002). The ratio of back pain duration for <1 week in Modal-2 (43.8%) was lower than that in Modal-1 (60.2%), and the ratio of back pain for 1-weeks (28.8%) was significantly higher than that (15.5%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=11.50, P=0.009). The most frequently reported spine traumas in Modal-2 (50.0%) were heavy lifting injury, lumbar sprain, and strenuous cough, which were significantly different from and less apparent than the fall on ground or crush injury to the spine (64.1%) in Modal-1 (χ 2=60.71, P<0.001). The anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae in Modal-2 was 0.78±0.13, 0.83±0.14, 0.84±0.13, and 0.78±0.18 in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for <1 week, 1-weeks, 2-weeks, and >4 weeks respectively, showing no significant difference between groups ( F=1.01, P=0.009). In Modal-1, the anterior to posterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae was lower in the OVCF patients complaining of back pain for 2-weeks (0.80±0.15) and >4 weeks (0.77±0.19) than in those with back pain for <1 week (0.85±0.11) and 1-weeks (0.86±0.14), with sinificant differences ( P<0.05). 32.4% (306/944) of the OVCF patients had one of the following geriatric comorbidities: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The OVCF patients in Model-2 had higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease (21.3%) and cerebral infarction (36.3%) than those in Model-1 (11.6% and 20.3%). Bone mineral density information was available from 371 patients (308 females). In the age groups of <70, 70-, and >80 years, no significant difference was detected in the T-score values of the lumbar spine or hip joint between the OVCF patients in Model-1 and Model-2 ( F=0.13, P=0.880; F=0.62, P=0.538). Conclusion:Single-segment OVCF feature an asymmetric bimodal distribution that is demarcated by the T 10 vertebrae. The distribution pattern is not determined by gender or baseline bone mineral density but highlights the risk of mechanical stress and vertebral fragility within a specific segment. OVCF in the middle and upper thoracic spine is less frequent but common in older patients with higher comorbidity of coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction, which tend to be caused by less apparent spine trauma and maintain vertebral compression but complain of long back pain duration.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990033

ABSTRACT

21-hydroxylase deficiency(21-OHD) is mainly characterized by cortisol deficiency with or without aldosterone deficiency and hyperandrogenemia.The disease requires lifelong exogenous glucocorticoid/salt supplementation.Excessive doses of exogenous glucocorticoids are often needed to control hyperandrogenemia, but the effect is not satisfactory.Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) type 1 receptor antagonist can directly block the production of adrenocorticotropin, inhibit the generation of adrenogenic androgen, reduce the dose of glucocorticoid therapy, and thus lower the incidence of adverse reactions.In this article, the current research progress on 21-OHD therapy and CRF1 receptor antagonist was reviewed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the body surface temperature of the relevant back-shu points in patients with chronic persistent asthma by infrared thermal imaging technology, and observe the specific changes of the body surface temperature of the relevant back-shu points under the condition of lung disease.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with chronic persistent asthma (observation group) and 45 healthy subjects (control group) were selected. The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) were measured by BK-MT02A medical infrared thermography.@*RESULTS@#The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17) was higher than that of ipsilateral Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in body surface temperature between ipsilateral Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17), between ipsilateral Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The pathological increase of body surface temperature of Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in patients with chronic persistent asthma indicates that above acupoints have specificity in reflecting lung diseases. The Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17), which have significantly increased body surface temperature, not only provide objective basis for the pathological pathogenesis of "deficiency in origin and excess in symptom" in patients with chronic persistent asthma, but also reflect the different expressions of different acupoints on the same meridian for the lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temperature , Asthma/diagnostic imaging , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2613-2627, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982865

ABSTRACT

Uncommon epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations account for 10%-20% of all EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The uncommon EGFR-mutated NSCLC is associated with poor clinical outcomes and generally achieved unsatisfactory effects to the current therapies using standard EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), including afatinib and osimertinib. Therefore, it is necessary to develop more novel EGFR-TKIs to treat uncommon EGFR-mutated NSCLC. Aumolertinib is a third-generation EGFR-TKI approved in China for treating advanced NSCLC with common EGFR mutations. However, it remains unclear whether aumolertinib is effective in uncommon EGFR-mutated NSCLC. In this work, the in vitro anticancer activity of aumolertinib was investigated in engineered Ba/F3 cells and patient-derived cells bearing diverse uncommon EGFR mutations. Aumolertinib was shown to be more potent in inhibiting the viability of various uncommon EGFR-mutated cell lines than those with wild-type EGFR. And in vivo, aumolertinib could also significantly inhibit tumor growth in two mouse allograft models (V769-D770insASV and L861Q mutations) and a patient-derived xenografts model (H773-V774insNPH mutation). Importantly, aumolertinib exerts responses against tumors in advanced NSCLC patients with uncommon EGFR mutations. These results suggest that aumolertinib has the potential as a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of uncommon EGFR-mutated NSCLC.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 524-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the correlation between early fluid resuscitation and prognosis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).@*METHODS@#SAP patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the People's Hospital of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province from June 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. All patients were given the routine treatment according to their condition and relevant diagnostic According to their different prognosis, enrolled patients were divided into death group and survival group. The differences in gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) and Ranson score on admission between the two groups were analyzed. Taking 24 hours as an observation day, the fluid inflow, outflow, and net balance at the first, second, and third 24 hours after admission were recorded, and the ratio of the fluid inflow at the first 24 hours to the total fluid inflow in 72 hours (FV24 h-1 st) was calculated as a study index. Using 33% as the standard, compare the proportion of patients in the two groups who achieved FV24 h-1 st < 33%. The differences of various indicators between the two groups were compared, and the effect of early fluid balance on the prognosis of SAP patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-nine patients were included in the study (41 in the death group, 48 in the survival group). There were no statistically significant differences on age (years old: 57.6±15.2 vs. 49.5±15.2), gender (male: 61.0% vs. 54.2%), APACHE II score (18.0±2.4 vs. 17.3±2.3), and Ranson score (6.3±1.4 vs. 5.9±1.2) between the death group and the survival group at the time of admission on the intensive care unit (ICU) (all P > 0.05). The fluid intake of the death group in the first 24 hours, the second 24 hours and the third 24 hours after admission to ICU was significantly higher than that of the survival group, and the difference was statistically significant (mL: 4 138±832 vs. 3 535±1 058, 3 883±729 vs. 3 324±516, 3 786±490 vs. 3 212±609, all P < 0.05), and the fluid inflow in the death group at the first 24 hours was greater than 4 100 mL. After treatment, the fluid outflow of the death group at the three 24-hour periods after admission on the ICU was an increasing trend, but it was still significantly less than that of the survival group at the three 24-hour periods (mL: 1 242±465 vs. 1 795±819, 1 536±579 vs. 2 080±524, 1 610±585 vs. 2 932±752, all P < 0.01). Due to the fact that the total fluid inflow and total fluid outflow in the three 24-hour periods in the death group were more than those in the survival group, the net fluid balances in the three 24-hour periods in the death group were still significantly more than those in the survival group finally (mL: 2 896±782 vs. 1 740±725, 2 347±459 vs. 1 243±795, 2 176±807 vs. 338±289, all P < 0.01). There was no difference in FV24 h-1 st between the death group and survival group [FV24 h-1 st > 33%: 56.1% (23/41) vs. 54.2% (26/48), P > 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fluid resuscitation is an important method for early treatment of SAP, but it also has many adverse reactions. Fluid resuscitation indexes such as fluid inflow, outflow, net balance, and FV24 h-1 st within 24 to 72 hours after admission are related to the prognosis of patients with SAP, and can be used as indicators to evaluate the prognosis of SAP. The optimized fluid resuscitation strategy can improve the prognosis of patients with SAP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis , China , Prognosis , Water-Electrolyte Balance
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of gradient shear stress on platelet aggregation by microfluidic chip Technology.@*METHODS@#Microfluidic chip was used to simulate 80% fixed stenotic microchannel, and the hydrodynamic behavior of the stenotic microchannel model was analyzed by the finite element analysis module of sollidwork software. Microfluidic chip was used to analyze the adhesion and aggregation behavior of platelets in patients with different diseases, and flow cytometry was used to detect expression of the platelet activation marker CD62p. Aspirin, Tirofiban and protocatechuic acid were used to treat the blood, and the adhesion and aggregation of platelets were observed by fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#The gradient fluid shear rate produced by the stenosis model of microfluidic chip could induce platelet aggregation, and the degree of platelet adhesion and aggregation increased with the increase of shear rate within a certain range of shear rate. The effect of platelet aggregation in patients with arterial thrombotic diseases were significantly higher than normal group (P<0.05), and the effect of platelet aggregation in patients with myelodysplastic disease was lower than normal group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The microfluidic chip analysis technology can accurately analyze and evaluate the platelet adhesion and aggregation effects of various thrombotic diseases unde the environment of the shear rate, and is helpful for auxiliary diagnosis of clinical thrombotic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microfluidics , Platelet Adhesiveness , Platelet Aggregation , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/pharmacology , Platelet Activation/physiology , Thrombosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981261

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the antiplatelet effect of ticagrelor by microfluidic chip and flow cytometry under shear stress in vitro. Methods Microfluidic chip was used to examine the effect of ticagrelor on platelet aggregation at the shear rates of 300/s and 1500/s.We adopted the surface coverage of platelet aggregation to calculate the half inhibition rate of ticagrelor.The inhibitory effect of ticagrelor on ADP-induced platelet aggregation was verified by optical turbidimetry.Microfluidic chip was used to construct an in vitro vascular stenosis model,with which the platelet reactivity under high shear rate was determined.Furthermore,the effect of ticagrelor on the expression of fibrinogen receptor (PAC-1) and P-selectin (CD62P) on platelet membrane activated by high shear rate was analyzed by flow cytometry. Results At the shear rates of 300/s and 1500/s,ticagrelor inhibited platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner,and the inhibition at 300/s was stronger than that at 1500/s (both P<0.001).Ticagrelor at a concentration ≥4 μmol/L almost completely inhibited platelet aggregation.The inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation by ticagrelor was similar to the results under flow conditions and also in a concentration-dependent manner.Ticagrelor inhibited the expression of PAC-1 and CD62P. Conclusion We employed microfluidic chip to analyze platelet aggregation and flow cytometry to detect platelet activation,which can reveal the responses of different patients to ticagrelor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ticagrelor/pharmacology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Microfluidics , Platelet Aggregation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956567

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of a novel self-designed skin-stretching device for skin-soft tissue defects and bone exposure after internal fixation of calcaneal fracture.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2021, 9 patients were treated at Orthopedic Hospital, Southeast Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University for skin-soft tissue defects and bone exposure after internal fixation of calcaneal fracture. They were 6 males and 3 females, aged from 19 to 61 years (mean, 42.6 years). The interval between their initial internal fixation and the present operation ranged from 14 to 75 days (average, 47.3 days). Of them, one developed wound dehiscence due to fat liquefaction, 2 necrosis of skin and soft tissue along the wound edges, and 6 incision infection. Their fusiform skin and soft tissue defects had formed after routine expansion of the wound, with an area of 5.0 cm×2.0 cm to 7.0 cm×3.5 cm, and all their wounds were positive by Pinch test. After a Kirschner wire with a diameter of 2.0 was placed on both sides of the wound, our novel self-designed skin-stretching device was installed. Intraoperatively, depending on the soft tissue conditions on both sides, the wound was closed acutely by about 5 mm in width. The threaded rod of the skin-stretching device was adjusted every day after operation to gradually reduce the wound surface until the wound edge was closed and sutured without tension. During wound stretch, the visual analogue scale (VAS), wound approaching time, stretch speed, wound healing time, complications and the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) for the wound scar at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:All the 9 patients were followed up for 8 to 18 months (average, 12.5 months). The wounds were successfully closed in all the patients. The time for wound closure (till the suture) ranged from 8 to 15 d, averaging 12.1 d; the stretch rate from 1 to 3 mm/d, averaging 2 mm/d; the time for complete wound healing (to the suture removal) from 22 to 30 d, averaging 26.8 d; the VAS score during the stretch from 3 to 7 points, averaging 4.9 points; the VSS score from 2 to 7 points, averaging 4.1 points. There was no recurrence of surgical site infection, skin re-necrosis or reoperation in the patients.Conclusions:In the treatment of skin-soft tissue defects and bone exposure caused by various reasons after internal fixation of calcaneal fracture, our novel self-designed skin-stretching device is an effective in situ wound repair instrument, showing advantages of simple operation, less trauma and high safety. It is suggested that the stretch speed should average 2 mm/d, which is well tolerated by patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship and the role of leptin in children with biliary atresia and hepatic fibrosis to provide a treatment basis for these patients.Methods:The clinical data of children with biliary atresia or congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) who underwent surgical treatment at the Department of General Surgery of Tianjin Children's Hospital from August 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 31 children included in this study, there were 14 males and 17 females, with age of 60 (30, 63) d. Children with biliary atresia served as the study group ( n=26) and children with CBD served as the control group ( n=5). Leptin protein, α-smooth muscleactin (α-SMA) and phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in liver tissues were detectd by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression level of leptin mRNA in liver tissues were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Results:The average optical density values of leptin protein, α-SMA protein and p-ERK1/2 protein in the liver tissues of children in the study group were significantly higher than the control group ( P<0.05). The expression levels of leptin, α-SMA and p-ERK1/2 in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia significantly increased with increase in fibrosis degree ( P<0.05). The expression level of leptin in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was positively correlated with the liver fibrosis grade ( rs=0.876), α-SMA ( r=0.723) and p-ERK1/2 ( r=0.725) ( P<0.01). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the content of leptin mRNA in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was significantly higher than that of children with CBD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Expressions of leptin increased with aggravation of degrees of hepatic fibrosis in biliary atresia. Leptin may be involved in activation of HSCs through the ERK1/2 signaling pathway in the process of hepatic fibrosis due to biliary atresia.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929803

ABSTRACT

The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis gradually becomes mature at gestational age of 30~35 weeks.With the improvement of the treatment level of premature infants, the gestational age of surviving premature infants gradually decreases, and the thyroid axis of young premature infants is immature.Meanwhile, premature infants are more prone to systemic complications, such as ischemia and hypoxia, severe infection, etc., which aggravate the influence on thyroid.Clinically, more and more premature infants are found to be complicated with congenital hypothyroidism, temporary hypothyroxemia, hyperthyrotropin, delayed thyrotropin elevation, low T 3 syndrome and other problems.Abnormal thyroid function affects the outcome of the treatment of premature infant diseases.Early detection and early treatment is the key to improve the treatment, metabolism and the development of premature infant.At present, the timing of screening and treatment of premature thyroid disease is still controversial.In this review, the thyroid function and outcome of premature infants under different pathological conditions are summarized and analyzed to provide a reliable basis for rational selection of screening opportunities and treatment strategies for thyroid diseases in clinical practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928063

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS combined with network pharmacology and experimental verification was used to explore the mechanism of acupoint sticking therapy(AST) in the intervention of bronchial asthma(BA). The chemical components of Sinapis Semen, Cory-dalis Rhizoma, Kansui Radix, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens were retrieved from TCMSP as self-built database. The active components in AST drugs were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and the targets were screened out in TCMSP and Swiss-TargetPrediction. Targets of BA were collected from GeneCards, and the intersection of active components and targets was obtained by Venny 2.1.0. The potential targets were imported into STRING and DAVID for PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses. The asthma model induced by house dust mite(HDM) was established in mice. The mechanism of AST on asthmatic mice was explored by pulmonary function, Western blot, and flow cytometry. The results indicated that 54 active components were obtained by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and 162 potential targets were obtained from the intersection. The first 53 targets were selected as key targets. PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses showed that AST presumedly acted on SRC, PIK3 CA, and other targets through active components such as sinoacutine, sinapic acid, dihydrocapsaicin, and 6-gingerol and regulated PI3 K-AKT, ErbB, chemokine, sphingolipid, and other signaling pathways to intervene in the pathological mechanism of BA. AST can improve lung function, down-regulate the expression of PI3 K and p-AKT proteins in lung tissues, enhance the expression of PETN protein, and reduce the level of type Ⅱ innate immune cells(ILC2 s) in lung tissues of asthmatic mice. In conclusion, AST may inhibit ILC2 s by down-regulating the PI3 K-AKT pathway to relieve asthmatic airway inflammation and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acupuncture Points , Asthma/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Network Pharmacology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881073

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a Chinese medicine compound formula recommended for combating corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. The latest clinical study showed that early treatment with QFPDD was associated with favorable outcomes for patient recovery, viral shedding, hospital stay, and course of the disease. However, the effective constituents of QFPDD remain unclear. In this study, an UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS based method was developed to identify the chemical constituents in QFPDD and the absorbed prototypes as well as the metabolites in mice serum and tissues following oral administration of QFPDD. A total of 405 chemicals, including 40 kinds of alkaloids, 162 kinds of flavonoids, 44 kinds of organic acids, 71 kinds of triterpene saponins and 88 kinds of other compounds in the water extract of QFPDD were tentatively identified via comparison with the retention times and MS/MS spectra of the standards or refereed by literature. With the help of the standards and in vitro metabolites, 195 chemical components (including 104 prototypes and 91 metabolites) were identified in mice serum after oral administration of QFPDD. In addition, 165, 177, 112, 120, 44, 53 constituents were identified in the lung, liver, heart, kidney, brain, and spleen of QFPDD-treated mice, respectively. These findings provided key information and guidance for further investigation on the pharmacologically active substances and clinical applications of QFPDD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Administration, Oral , Alkaloids/analysis , COVID-19 , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids/analysis , SARS-CoV-2 , Saponins/analysis , Triterpenes/analysis
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 103-108, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879715

ABSTRACT

We aimed to confirm the predictive ability of the presence of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) for prognosis and the associations between IDC-P and clinicopathological parameters. Studies were identified in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, and SCOPUS up to December 1, 2019. Hazard ratios (HRs) for survival data and odds ratios for clinicopathological data with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted. Heterogeneity was evaluated by the I

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prospectively assess clinical characteristics, potential causes and prognosis in patients with persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism syndrome (PICS) after polytrauma.Methods:Totally 1 083 patients with polytrauma admitted to Department of Traumatic Surgery of Tongji Hospital from Janury 2019 to July 2020 were enrolled. Exclusion criteria included age<18 years old, length of hospital stay<15 days, previous medical history of malignancy, or immunological, consumptive, and metabolic diseases. According to the diagnostic criteria of PICS, all enrolled patients were divided into two groups: PICS group and N-PICS group (without PICS). The patient’s clinical characteristics, ISS score, GCS score, SOFA score, and prognosis were collected. The χ2 test or Student’s t test was uesd to compare the difference between the PICS group and N-PICS group. Results:The incidence of PICS in patients with polytrauma was 11.7% (127/1 083). The majority of PICS patients were middle-aged and elderly men, 68.5% with traumatic brain injury and 59% with thoracic injury. GCS score was significantly lower, while ISS, APACHE II and SOFA scores were significantly higher in the PICS group than in the N-PICS group ( P<0.01, P<0.05). Among PICS patients, 79.5% were treated with mechanical ventilation and 76.3% were associated with pulmonary infection, with a 28-day mortality of 5.5% and a 180-day mortality of 16.5%, which were siginifcantly different from those without PICS. Conclusions:PICS has a high incidence after polytrauma and is commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly male patients with severe polytrauma, especially accompanied by traumatic brain injury or/and thoracic injury. Patients with PICS after polytrauma have poor long-term prognosis, so early identification and intervention should be strengthened in clinical practice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hepatotoxicity of different doses of geniposide on the liver of rats and the effects on bile acid profile in serum, liver tissue and feces. Method:The 60 Sprague Dawley rats, half male and half female, were randomly divided into 5 groups according to body weight: blank group and four different doses (50, 100, 200, 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) geniposide groups, 12 rats in each group. The rats were treated by gavage once a day for 7 consecutive days, and the serum, liver and cecal contents were collected on the 8<sup>th</sup> day of treatment. The activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), the contents of albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL), total bile acid (TBA), creatinine (Crea) and carbamide (Urea) were detected in each group. The sections of liver tissue were stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE), and the protein expressions of cytokeratin 7(CK7) and cytokeratin 19(CK19) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of CK7 and CK19 in the liver tissue were detected by Western blot. And the mRNA expressions of cholesterol 7<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), cholesterol 27<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase ( CYP27A1) and cholesterol 12<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) were detected by real-time PCR. The contents of 18 kinds of bile acids in serum, liver and cecal contents were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS). Result:Compared with the control group, TBIL level in each dose of geniposide group was increasesd significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). ALT, AST activity and TBA content in 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). HE staining showed that, compared with control group, there was bile duct reaction in the portal area and inflammatory cells infiltrate around bile duct in 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> and 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide groups, especially 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The expressions of CK7 and CK19 in liver tissue of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the control group, the contents of glycoursodeoxycholic acid (GUDCA) and glycohyodeoxycholic acid (GHDCA) in liver tissue of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of sodium taurochenodeoxycholate (TCDCA), hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA), cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) in liver tissue increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the contents of glycocholic acid hydrate (GCA), glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA), glycodeoxycholic acid hydrate (GDCA), glycocholic acid (GLCA), tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), GUDCA, GHDCA, ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) and taurolithocholic acid (TLCA) decreased, the proportions of TCDCA, HDCA, CA, CDCA and deoxycholic acid (DCA) in liver tissue increased, the contents of GHDCA and lithocholic acid (LCA) in serum decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while sodium taurohyodeoxycholate hydrate (THDCA), taurocholic acid (TCA), GCA, TCDCA, UDCA, CA, CDCA, DCA in serum decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The contents of CA, UDCA, CA, CDCA and DCA increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the ratio of CA/DCA increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the ratio of CA and CDCA increased by 19.60% and 4.63%, respectively; Compared with the control group, the contents of all bile acids in cecal contents of 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> were decreased, and the contents of GCA, UDCA, HDCA, GCDCA, GDCA, TLCA, GLCA, CDCA, DCA and LCA were decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In addition, real-time PCR results showed that the mRNA expressions of CYP7A1, CYP27A1 in the 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> geniposide group were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The 400 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>geniposide can cause obvious hepatotoxicity in rats, and the bile acid profile in liver, serum and excrement changes significantly, and the changes of the each bile acid in liver, serum and feces are different. However, the causal relationship between the gardenoside-induced liver injury and the changes in bile acid profile are<italic> </italic>not clear. It needs to be further studied.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical effect of acupuncture combined with conventional visual stimulation on cerebral visual impairment (CVI) in children aged 3-10 years and influence on the pattern visual evoked potential (P-VEP).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 cases of children aged 3-10 years with CVI were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The children in the control group received conventional visual stimulation therapy, 1 month as a course of treatment. On the basis of the control group, the children in the observation group was treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Jingming (BL 1), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Sibai (ST 2), etc. 3 times a week, and the treatment was given 4 weeks continuously as a course. Both groups received 3 courses of treatment. The visual acuity and P-VEP improvement were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the incubation period (P100-L) of the two groups was shorter than before treatment, and the amplitude (P100-A) was higher than before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with conventional visual stimulation can improve the incubation period (P100-L) and amplitude (P100-A) of P-VEP in children with CVI, and improve the best corrected visual acuity in children, the clinical effect is better than the conventional visual stimulation alone.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Diseases , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Vision Disorders/therapy
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct and identify adenovirus vector co-expressing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 fusion protein which labeled with green fluorescence protein, and laying the foundtion of the effect of hBMP2 and hVEGF165 gene inducing BMMSCs differentiation to osteoblast and bone defect repaired in the body.@*METHODS@#BMP2 and VEGF165 gene was amplified from cDNA library by PCR and inserted to the polyclonal site of adenovirus shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-GFP. Ad-BMP2- VEGF165 was recombinated and propagated in HEK293 cells by co-transfecting with the constructed recombinant shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-BMP2-VEGF165 and adenovirus helper plasmid pBHGloxΔ E1, 3Cre. The recombinant adenovirus was purified and virustiter was determined, and then to research GFP expression and to calculate the adenovirus transfection rate in rabbit BMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-BMP2-VEGF165 was successfully constructed by the methods of gene analyzing, colony PCR, Western blotting and observing GFP expression, and the titer of the adenovirus was 1×10@*CONCLUSION@#Recombinant adenovirus vector containing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 gene was successfully constructed and its high titer was obtained.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Adenoviridae/genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Transfection
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 577-583, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887693

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the roles of arachidonic acid cytochrome P450ω hydroxylase CYP4A14 in skeletal muscle regeneration after injury. Wild-type (WT) control mice and Cyp4a14 knockout (A14


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Arachidonic Acid , Cytochromes , Gene Knockout Techniques , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Mixed Function Oxygenases , Muscle, Skeletal , Regeneration
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 571-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887692

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effects of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolism in vascular calcification. We used 5/6 nephrectomy and high-phosphorus feeding to establish a model of vascular calcification in mice. Six weeks after nephrectomy surgery, vascular calcium content was measured, and Alizarin Red S and Von Kossa staining were applied to detect calcium deposition in aortic arch. Control aortas and calcified aortas were collected for mass spectrometry detection of arachidonic acid metabolites, and active molecules in lipoxygenase pathway were analyzed. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect changes in the expression of lipoxygenase in calcified aortas. Lipoxygenase inhibitor was used to clarify the effect of lipoxygenase metabolic pathways on vascular calcification. The results showed that 6 weeks after nephrectomy surgery, the aortic calcium content of the surgery group was significantly higher than that of the sham group (P < 0.05). Alizarin Red S staining and Von Kossa staining showed obvious calcium deposition in aortic arch from surgery group, indicating formation of vascular calcification. Nine arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolites were quantitated using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. The content of multiple metabolites (12-HETE, 11-HETE, 15-HETE, etc.) was significantly increased in calcified aortas, and the most abundant and up-regulated metabolite was 12-HETE. Furthermore, we examined the mRNA levels of metabolic enzymes that produce 12-HETE in calcified blood vessels and found the expression of arachidonate lipoxygenase-15 (Alox15) was increased. Blocking Alox15/12-HETE by Alox15 specific inhibitor PD146176 significantly decreased the plasma 12-HETE content, promoted calcium deposition in aortic arch and increased vascular calcium content. These results suggest that the metabolism of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase is activated in calcified aorta, and the Alox15/12-HETE signaling pathway may play a protective role in vascular calcification.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase , Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase/metabolism , Arachidonic Acid , Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids , Lipoxygenase/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Vascular Calcification
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